CN106239357A - The grinding head device of 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder - Google Patents

The grinding head device of 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106239357A
CN106239357A CN201610782534.3A CN201610782534A CN106239357A CN 106239357 A CN106239357 A CN 106239357A CN 201610782534 A CN201610782534 A CN 201610782534A CN 106239357 A CN106239357 A CN 106239357A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
numerical control
control tool
grinding head
tool grinder
axes
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610782534.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯晓飞
蒋春展
Original Assignee
芜湖洪金机床有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 芜湖洪金机床有限公司 filed Critical 芜湖洪金机床有限公司
Priority to CN201610782534.3A priority Critical patent/CN106239357A/en
Publication of CN106239357A publication Critical patent/CN106239357A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/002Grinding heads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B51/00Arrangements for automatic control of a series of individual steps in grinding a workpiece

Abstract

The invention discloses the grinding head device of a kind of 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder, described numerical control tool grinder includes base (1), clamping workpiece device, tray device, robot device, described grinding head device is provided with emery wheel group (6), described emery wheel group (6) is arranged on Z-direction by servo principal axis system (5) and moves on parts (8), and described Z-direction moves parts (8) and is arranged on C axle rotary part (3);Described C axle rotary part (3) is arranged on described base (1).Using technique scheme, improve the automaticity of numerical control tool grinder processing, its structure and the design rationality of drive system, machining accuracy is high;Realize automatic charging, automatic discharging;Clamping workpiece full automation, it is not necessary to the artificial assistance of operator completes;Harmony is good, and production efficiency is high, and production stability is good, improves production efficiency and the machining accuracy of numerically controlled processing equipment.

Description

The grinding head device of 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical field of machine cut machining tool.More particularly it relates to an eight axle 5-linkeds The grinding head device of dynamic numerical control tool grinder.
Background technology
Numerical control tool grinder is applied more and more extensive in machine-building is processed.
Owing to the workpiece that cutter and tool grinding machine is to be processed is typically all the cutter that shape matching is complicated, its material hardness is big, essence Degree requires the highest, therefore, for the structure of lathe and stablizing of the design of drive system, the automaticity of processing and processing Property proposes the highest requirement.
The reasonability of automaticity, structure and the drive system of the numerical control tool grinder processing of prior art and grinding In precision, it is not met by processing request.Such as, automatic charging, automatic discharging can't be realized;Clamping workpiece can't be complete Automatization, needs the artificial assistance of operator to complete;Or, although have employed mechanical automation, but, its harmony is not Good, affect the work efficiency of feed mechanism, after clamping workpiece, its stability does not reaches requirement, and the overall stability of lathe is the highest, The quality of impact processing, thus affect production efficiency and the machining accuracy of numerically controlled processing equipment.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder, its objective is to improve atomization degree and processing Precision.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
The 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder of the present invention, including base, grinding head device, clamping workpiece device, charging tray dress Put, robot device;
Described grinding head device is provided with emery wheel group, and described emery wheel group is arranged on Z-direction moving part by servo principal axis system On part, described Z-direction moves parts and is arranged on C axle rotary part;Described C axle rotary part is arranged on described base On.
Described submount material is marble.
Described grinding head device is provided with probe base.
Described grinding head device is provided with water knockout drum.
The axis horizontal of described emery wheel group is arranged.
It is vertical direction that described Z-direction moves the direction of motion of parts.
The rotation axis of described C axle rotary part is vertically arranged.
Described C axle rotary part is provided with by the Worm and worm-wheel gearing of driven by servomotor.
Described clamping workpiece device is provided with Xiao Bulin clamping system, and described Xiao Bulin clamping system is arranged on dividing head On.
Described clamping workpiece device is arranged on X on mobile parts.
Described X moves parts to mobile parts by Y-direction and is arranged on described base;Described X is to mobile parts The direction of motion moving parts with Y-direction is horizontal direction, and orthogonal.
Described X arranges torr knife rest on mobile parts.
The rear end of described dividing head arranges the rotary cylinder being coaxial therewith installing.
Described X is provided with by the ball lead screw drive mechanism of driven by servomotor to mobile parts.
Described Y-direction moves parts and is provided with by the ball lead screw drive mechanism of driven by servomotor.
Described tray device arranges charging tray, and described charging tray moves parts by charging tray and is arranged on mechanical hand base;Institute The mechanical hand base stated is fixedly mounted on described base.
Described charging tray is provided with the rotating disk rotary motion mechanism along vertical axis revolution.
It is horizontal direction that described charging tray moves the direction of motion of parts.
Described charging tray moves parts and is provided with the ball lead screw drive mechanism of driven by servomotor.
Described robot device is provided with manipulator part;Described robot device is arranged on by robot support arm On mechanical hand base;Described mechanical hand base is fixedly mounted on described base.
Described robot device is provided with mechanical hand and moves up and down parts, and described manipulator part is installed on a robotic arm Move down on dynamic component.
Described mechanical hand moves up and down parts and is arranged on mechanical hand Transversal moving devices;Described mechanical hand laterally moves Dynamic component is arranged on described robot support arm.
Described mechanical hand Transversal moving devices is provided with protective sliding rail.
Described manipulator part is provided with the movable finger mechanism of clamping workpiece, described movable finger mechanism clamping workpiece Drive by pneumatic means with the action unclamped.
Described manipulator part is provided with the drive mechanism making whole movable finger mechanism make gyration.
Described mechanical hand moves up and down parts and is provided with by the ball lead screw drive mechanism of driven by servomotor.
Described mechanical hand Transversal moving devices be provided with by driven by servomotor, make mechanical hand move up and down parts make horizontal stroke To the chain type transmission mechanism of movement.
The present invention uses technique scheme, improves the automaticity of numerical control tool grinder processing, its structure and biography The design rationality of dynamic system, machining accuracy is high;Realize automatic charging, automatic discharging;Clamping workpiece full automation, it is not necessary to behaviour The artificial assistance making personnel completes;Harmony is good, and production efficiency is high, and production stability is good, improves the life of numerically controlled processing equipment Produce efficiency and machining accuracy.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Content shown in accompanying drawing and the labelling in figure are briefly described as follows:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Figure is labeled as:
1, base, 2, Y-direction move parts, 3, C axle rotary part, 4, X to mobile parts, 5, servo principal axis system, 6, sand Wheels, 7, water knockout drum, 8, Z-direction move parts, 9, mechanical hand base, 10, charging tray move parts, 11, charging tray, 12, mechanical hand props up Brace, 13, rotary cylinder, 14, dividing head, 15, Xiao Bulin clamping system, 16, protective sliding rail, 17, mechanical hand transverse shifting portion Part, 18, manipulator part, 19, mechanical hand move up and down parts, 20, probe base, 21, torr knife rest.
Detailed description of the invention
Below against accompanying drawing, by the description to embodiment, the detailed description of the invention of the present invention is made further details of Illustrate, to help those skilled in the art that inventive concept, the technical scheme of the present invention are had more complete, accurate and deep reason Solve.
The structure of the present invention as shown in Figure 1, for a kind of 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder, fills including base 1, bistrique Put, clamping workpiece device, tray device, robot device.
In order to overcome the defect of prior art, it is achieved improve atomization degree and the goal of the invention of machining accuracy, this The technical scheme that invention is taked is:
As it is shown in figure 1, the 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder of the present invention, described grinding head device is provided with emery wheel group 6, institute The emery wheel group 6 stated is arranged on Z-direction by servo principal axis system 5 and moves on parts 8, and described Z-direction moves parts 8 and is arranged on C axle On rotary part 3;Described C axle rotary part 3 is arranged on described base 1.
It is vertical direction that described Z-direction moves the direction of motion of parts 8.
Z-direction moves parts 8 and achieves the emery wheel group 6 motion at above-below direction.
The rotation axis of described C axle rotary part 3 is vertically arranged.
C axle rotary part 3 achieves the gyration of emery wheel group 6.
Said mechanism so that emery wheel group 6 can be adjusted as required easily, meets workpiece to different surfaces Processing.
Described base 1 material is marble.
Marmorean base, its weight and its chemical stability, can make machine stability more preferable.
Described grinding head device is provided with probe base 20.Probe is installed, it is simple to the workpiece on lathe and sand on probe base 20 The relative position of wheel accurately adjusts.
Described grinding head device is provided with water knockout drum 7.
Owing to needing substantial amounts of coolant in the course of processing, therefore it is necessary to arrange water knockout drum 7 in grinding position, it is ensured that cold But the ample supply of liquid, and the injection of coolant is carried out to each different directions, it is ensured that workpiece is unlikely to grinding burn.
The axis horizontal of described emery wheel group 6 is arranged, it is achieved that horizontal grinding, it is simple to the observation of operator and operation.
Described C axle rotary part 3 is provided with by the Worm and worm-wheel gearing of driven by servomotor.Speed due to motor Comparatively fast, and the rate request of the horizontal rotation of emery wheel group 6 (not being that grinding rotates) is very slow, so employing Worm Wheel System machine Structure, it is achieved bigger gear ratio, and the transmission of power steadily, noise and vibration little.And the control of servomotor is by lathe Numerical control system is carried out.
Described clamping workpiece device is provided with Xiao Bulin clamping system 15 (Schaublin), and described Xiao Bulin clamping is System 15 is arranged on dividing head 14.
The advantage of Xiao Bulin clamping system is: in high precision, high rigidity, high speed performance, centrifugal force resistant characteristic, durability Persistency;The side surface locking handle of a knife that chucking power is superpower;Circular runout precision spring clamping handle of a knife within 0.003mm;Repeat Circular runout precision is high, is suitable for hole machined and the fluid pressure type handle of a knife of finish-milling processing;Clamping force is big, the thermal shrinkage type cutter that clamp precision is high Handle;Radial and axial clamping force is strong, the various machining center milling machines of preferable concentricity, lathe, knife machine chuck.
Described clamping workpiece device is arranged on X on mobile parts 4.
X realizes horizontally vertically moving of workpiece to mobile parts 4.
Described X moves parts 2 to mobile parts 4 by Y-direction and is arranged on described base 1;Described X is to moving part Part 4 and Y-direction move the direction of motion of parts 2 and are horizontal direction, and orthogonal.
Y-direction moves parts 2 and achieves the transverse shifting of workpiece.
Described X arranges torr knife rest 21 on mobile parts 4.
Torr knife rest 21 effect be emery wheel group 6 when grinding, bear the radial force of workpiece, prevent workpiece in wheel grinding power Effect under occur bending and deformation.
The rear end of described dividing head 14 arranges the rotary cylinder 13 being coaxial therewith installing.
Rotary cylinder 13 and the use of dividing head 14 so that the workpiece of processing can carry out grinding to different sides and add Work.Rotate to a side and position, can be processed.
Described X is provided with by the ball lead screw drive mechanism of driven by servomotor to mobile parts 4.
Described Y-direction moves parts 2 and is provided with by the ball lead screw drive mechanism of driven by servomotor.
By the control of the numerical control system of lathe, servomotor is driven to realize the horizontal feed fortune of clamping workpiece device Dynamic, it is ensured that the space requirement of workpiece loading and unloading, in grinding process, realize the feed motion of cutting data simultaneously.Ball screw passes Motivation structure is so that transmission accuracy is higher.
Described tray device arranges charging tray 11, and described charging tray 11 moves parts 10 by charging tray and is arranged at the bottom of mechanical hand Seat 9;Described mechanical hand base 9 is fixedly mounted on described base 1.
The setting of charging tray 11 so that the loading and unloading of lathe achieve automatization.The work of mechanical hand for convenience, charging tray 11 Need under the effect of servo control mechanism, carry out the motion in following two direction:
Described charging tray 11 is provided with the rotating disk rotary motion mechanism along vertical axis revolution.
It is horizontal direction that described charging tray moves the direction of motion of parts 10.
Described charging tray moves parts 10 and is provided with the ball lead screw drive mechanism of driven by servomotor.
By the control of the numerical control system of lathe, drive servomotor realize labor and materials dish 11 horizontal feed motion and Rotary motion, it is ensured that the needs of Robot actions workpiece loading and unloading.Ball lead screw drive mechanism is so that transmission accuracy is higher.
Described robot device is provided with manipulator part 18;Described robot device is pacified by robot support arm 12 It is contained on mechanical hand base 9;Described mechanical hand base 9 is fixedly mounted on described base 1.
Manipulator part 18 grips workpiece to be processed from charging tray 11, is sent in clamping workpiece device carry out clamping fixed Position, it is achieved the grinding of workpiece.
Described robot device is provided with mechanical hand and moves up and down parts 19, and described manipulator part 18 is arranged on machinery Move down on hand on dynamic component 19.
Described mechanical hand moves up and down parts 19 and is arranged on mechanical hand Transversal moving devices 17;Described mechanical hand is horizontal It is arranged on described robot support arm 12 to mobile parts 17.
Described move up and down parts 19 and flexible motion that Transversal moving devices 17 makes mechanical hand realize all directions.
Described mechanical hand Transversal moving devices 17 is provided with protective sliding rail 16.The effect of described protective sliding rail 16 is machine The guide rail of tool hands Transversal moving devices 17, and make drive mechanism at protective sliding rail 16, play the effect of protection.
Described manipulator part 18 is provided with the movable finger mechanism of clamping workpiece, described movable finger mechanism clamping work Part is driven by pneumatic means with the action unclamped.
Movable finger mechanism achieves the clamping of workpiece and unclamps.
Described manipulator part 18 is provided with the drive mechanism making whole movable finger mechanism make gyration.
The drive mechanism of gyration makes the workpiece of original vertically state, forwards horizontal level to, can be inserted into workpiece dress In the hole of the Xiao Bulin clamping system 15 of clamp device, it is achieved the clamping of workpiece.
Described mechanical hand moves up and down parts 19 and is provided with by the ball lead screw drive mechanism of driven by servomotor.
By the control of the numerical control system of lathe, drive servomotor to realize mechanical hand and move up and down the upper of parts 19 Lower motion, it is achieved the taking-up of workpiece.Ball lead screw drive mechanism is so that transmission accuracy is higher.
Described mechanical hand Transversal moving devices 17 be provided with by driven by servomotor, make mechanical hand move up and down parts 19 The chain type transmission mechanism moved laterally.
By the control of the numerical control system of lathe, drive servomotor to realize mechanical hand and move up and down parts 19 upper Lower motion, it is also possible to carry out the motion of level, it is achieved the feeding of workpiece.Chain type transmission mechanism so that transmission is flexible more preferably, The size of the length direction of its mechanism need not strengthen simultaneously.
Above in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is exemplarily described, it is clear that the present invention implements not by aforesaid way Restriction, as long as have employed the method design of the present invention and the improvement of various unsubstantialities that technical scheme is carried out, or without changing Enter and design and the technical scheme of the present invention are directly applied to other occasion, all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a grinding head device for 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder, described numerical control tool grinder includes base (1), workpiece Clamping device, tray device, robot device, it is characterised in that: described grinding head device is provided with emery wheel group (6), described sand Wheels (6) are arranged on Z-direction by servo principal axis system (5) and move on parts (8), and described Z-direction moves parts (8) and is arranged on C On axle rotary part (3);Described C axle rotary part (3) is arranged on described base (1).
2. according to the grinding head device of the 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the described end Seat (1) material is marble.
3. according to the grinding head device of the 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described mill Head unit is provided with probe base (20).
4. according to the grinding head device of the 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described mill Head unit is provided with water knockout drum (7).
5. according to the grinding head device of the 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described sand The axis horizontal of wheels (6) is arranged.
6. according to the grinding head device of the 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Z The direction of motion to mobile parts (8) is vertical direction.
7. according to the grinding head device of the 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described C The rotation axis of axle rotary part (3) is vertically arranged.
8. according to the grinding head device of the 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder described in claim 7, it is characterised in that: described C Axle rotary part (3) is provided with by the Worm and worm-wheel gearing of driven by servomotor.
CN201610782534.3A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 The grinding head device of 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder CN106239357A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610782534.3A CN106239357A (en) 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 The grinding head device of 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610782534.3A CN106239357A (en) 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 The grinding head device of 8-axes 5-linkage numerical control tool grinder

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CN106239357A true CN106239357A (en) 2016-12-21

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07266228A (en) * 1994-03-31 1995-10-17 Nippei Toyama Seiki:Kk Grinding wheel correcting device
CN101890660A (en) * 2010-05-20 2010-11-24 上海黑格数控科技有限公司 Grinding wheel down grinding automatic charging and blanking five-axle linkage numerical control tool grinder
CN103481141A (en) * 2013-09-22 2014-01-01 台州北平机床有限公司 Numerical-control external cylindrical grinding machine
CN103722456A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-16 佛山泰冈数控精密机床有限公司 Tool grinding machine
CN203751907U (en) * 2014-03-11 2014-08-06 台州赛诺克机械科技有限公司 Moving beam type five-axis tool grinding machine
CN104308725A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-01-28 芜湖洪金机床有限公司 Feeding disc structure of automatic feeding mechanism of numerical control tool grinding machine
CN204711707U (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-10-21 拉威尔(北京)科技有限公司 A kind of NC cutting tool grinding machine of five-axle linkage

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07266228A (en) * 1994-03-31 1995-10-17 Nippei Toyama Seiki:Kk Grinding wheel correcting device
CN101890660A (en) * 2010-05-20 2010-11-24 上海黑格数控科技有限公司 Grinding wheel down grinding automatic charging and blanking five-axle linkage numerical control tool grinder
CN103481141A (en) * 2013-09-22 2014-01-01 台州北平机床有限公司 Numerical-control external cylindrical grinding machine
CN103722456A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-16 佛山泰冈数控精密机床有限公司 Tool grinding machine
CN203751907U (en) * 2014-03-11 2014-08-06 台州赛诺克机械科技有限公司 Moving beam type five-axis tool grinding machine
CN104308725A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-01-28 芜湖洪金机床有限公司 Feeding disc structure of automatic feeding mechanism of numerical control tool grinding machine
CN204711707U (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-10-21 拉威尔(北京)科技有限公司 A kind of NC cutting tool grinding machine of five-axle linkage

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