CN106194563A - 一种组合型海洋能发电装置 - Google Patents

一种组合型海洋能发电装置 Download PDF

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CN106194563A
CN106194563A CN201610820058.XA CN201610820058A CN106194563A CN 106194563 A CN106194563 A CN 106194563A CN 201610820058 A CN201610820058 A CN 201610820058A CN 106194563 A CN106194563 A CN 106194563A
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power generation
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雒龙泉
雒进进
雒存存
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/14Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/26Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using tide energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B11/00Parts or details not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the preceding groups, e.g. wear-protection couplings, between turbine and generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/14Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy
    • F03B13/16Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy using the relative movement between a wave-operated member, i.e. a "wom" and another member, i.e. a reaction member or "rem"
    • F03B13/18Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy using the relative movement between a wave-operated member, i.e. a "wom" and another member, i.e. a reaction member or "rem" where the other member, i.e. rem is fixed, at least at one point, with respect to the sea bed or shore
    • F03B13/1845Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy using the relative movement between a wave-operated member, i.e. a "wom" and another member, i.e. a reaction member or "rem" where the other member, i.e. rem is fixed, at least at one point, with respect to the sea bed or shore and the wom slides relative to the rem
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B15/00Controlling
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D7/00Controlling wind motors 
    • F03D7/06Controlling wind motors  the wind motors having rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/008Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with water energy converters, e.g. a water turbine
    • H02J3/386
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/76Power conversion electric or electronic aspects
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

本发明涉及一种组合型海洋能发电装置,该装置是将波浪发电装置(50)、潮流发电装置(51)及风力发电装置(52)组合成一体,利用波浪发电平台固定下总成(7)、风力发电电机固定平台(46)、波浪发电下斜支撑(6)、波浪发电上斜支撑(22)、潮流发电旋转固定结构下总成(5)及潮流发电斜支撑(4)连接在一起组成整体框架结构做基础固定;由风力潮流发电公用支撑立柱间横拉杠(43)、波浪发电横向支撑杠(47)及波浪发电支撑立柱间横拉杠(48)构成波浪发电固定立柱稳定平台(23),在风力发电电机固定平台(46)上安装风力发电电机(21),通过风力发电电机与控制柜总成连接线(29)与控制柜总成(30)连接。本发明可提高海洋能利用率。

Description

一种组合型海洋能发电装置
技术领域
本发明属发电机技术领域,尤其涉及一种包含风力发电装置、潮流发电装置及波浪发电装置的组合型海洋能发电装置。
背景技术
深入研究和利用海洋资源是人类永恒的课题,其中海风、潮流和波浪蕴含着巨大的能量,用之不完,取之不竭。目前公知的,风力发电有水平轴风力发电和垂直轴风力发电,垂直轴风力发电机有许多优点。潮流发电,是可再生清洁能源,储藏量大;具有较强的规律性和可预测性;不需要拦海筑坝,大大缩短了建设周期;发电装置可固定于海底,可系泊于水中或漂浮于海面,不存在常规水电站建设中出现的占用农田,移民安置等问题。波浪发电分为机械式、气动式和液压式三大类。但目前利用海能发电多是单一的形式,还没有将海风发电、潮汐发电和海浪发电组合成一体的发电装置。总之以上所有结构发电还没有真实使用案例,突出特点是转换效率极低,造价成本高,维护繁琐费用极高,这是目前风力发电、潮流发电、波浪发电综合弊病,而且持续供电时间受到环境资源影响直接影响,具有不确定性。无法与核电,火电,水电等常规供电设施PK竞争。
发明内容
为了克服现有海洋能发电的不利弊端,本着结构简单造价成本低廉、寿命长久之根本,提供一种组合型海洋能发电装置。实现本发明所采用的技术方案是:一种组合型海洋能发电装置,包括有风力发电旋转轴连接件总成、风力发电电机与控制柜总成连接线、控制柜总成、潮流发电电机与控制柜总成连接电线、控制柜总成与储能装置连接电线、离网型储能装置、控制柜总成与并网逆变器连接电线、离网储能装置与离网逆变器连接电线、离网逆变器、离网逆变器与负载电器连接电线、电器负载、并网逆变器、并网逆变器与电网连接电线、电网、波浪发电电机、风力发电电机固定平台、波浪发电装置、潮流发电装置及风力发电装置,其特征在于:该装置是将波浪发电装置、潮流发电装置及风力发电装置组合成一体,波浪发电支撑立柱垂直于海床固定,波浪发电支撑立柱与风力潮流发电公用支撑立柱利用波浪发电平台固定下总成、风力发电电机固定平台、波浪发电下斜支撑、波浪发电上斜支撑、潮流发电旋转固定结构下总成及潮流发电斜支撑连接在一起组成整体框架结构做基础固定;在潮流发电旋转固定结构下总成上安装潮流发电机旋转轴、潮流发电旋转支臂、潮流发电升力叶片及潮流发电阻力叶片,组成动力旋转部分,由风力潮流发电公用支撑立柱间横拉杠、波浪发电横向支撑杠及波浪发电支撑立柱间横拉杠构成波浪发电固定立柱稳定平台,波浪发电固定立柱稳定平台内设有波浪发电固定平台立柱,所述波浪发电固定平台立柱为三根,波浪发电固定平台立柱的下端固定在波浪发电平台固定下总成上,波浪发电固定平台立柱的上端与风力发电电机固定平台固定在一起,波浪发电平台穿套在波浪发电固定平台立柱上,在波浪发电平台上安装波浪发电固定基座、波浪发电电机及波浪发电单向转换装置,在波浪发电单向转换装置上安装波浪发电动力传输臂,在波浪发电动力传输臂上安装波浪发电浮筒动力传输基座,在波浪发电浮筒动力传输基座上安装波浪发电浮筒,波浪发电浮筒漂浮在海平面上,在风力潮流发电公用支撑立柱上安装潮流发电旋转固定结构上总成,在潮流发电旋转固定结构上总成上安装潮流发电电机,在潮流发电电电机的轴上安装超越离合器,在风力发电电机固定平台46上安装风力发电电机,风力发电电机的轴与潮流发电机的轴利用超越离合器进行连接,在风力发电机旋转固定支撑总成上安装风力发电旋转轴,风力发电旋转轴用风力发电机旋转轴连接件总成与风力发电机旋转固定支撑总成连接,在风力发电旋转轴上安装风力发电旋转支臂,在风力发电旋转支臂上安装风力发电阻力叶片,波浪发电电机通过波浪发电机与控制柜总成连接电线与控制柜总成连接,潮流发电电机通过潮流风电电机与控制柜总成连接电线与控制柜总成连接,风力发电电机通过风力发电电机与控制柜总成连接线与控制柜总成连接,其中可以做离网系统:控制柜总成通过控制柜总成与储能装置连接线与储能装置连接,储能装置通过储能装置与离网逆变器连接线与离网逆变器连接,离网逆变器通过离网逆变器与电器负载连接线与电器负载连接组成离网系统,又可以作并网系统:控制柜总成与并网逆变器通过控制柜总成与并网逆变器连接线连接,并网逆变器与电网通过并网逆变器与电网连接线连接组成并网系统。
本发明组合型海洋能发电装置,突出直接没有多余其它任何繁琐零部件,使得结构简单维修成本低廉,使得投入与产出成正比、设备整体寿命延续性强,不仅具有海洋能利用率高(可望达到或超过85%)、可靠性高、适应范围广、噪音低等特性,而且可以实现兆瓦级的大功率设计目标,既可在近海使用,也可在深海使用,对远离大陆没有火电核电等常规电力保障的岛屿哨所基地等提供大功率持续供电能源,确保极端天气环境下可以正常供电使用,具有非常广阔的开发和应用前景,将产生巨大的经济效益和社会效益。
附图说明
图1是本发明结构示意图的主视图;
图2是本发明结构示意图的俯视图。
图中,1、海床,2、波浪发电支撑立柱,3、风力潮流发电公用支撑立柱,4、潮流发电斜支撑,5、潮流发电旋转固定结构下总成,6、波浪发电下斜支撑,7、波浪发电平台固定下总成,8、波浪发电平台固定立柱,9、潮流发电机旋转轴,10、潮流发电升力叶片,11、潮流发电阻力叶片,12、潮流发电旋转支臂,13、波浪发电平台,14、波浪发电固定基座,15、波浪发电动力传输臂,16、波浪发电浮筒动力传输基座,17、波浪发电动力浮筒,18、潮流发电旋转固定结构上总成,19、潮流发电电机,20、超越离合器,21、风力发电电机,22、波浪发电上斜支撑,23、波浪发电固定立柱稳定平台,24、风力发电旋转固定支撑总成,25、风力发电阻力叶片,26、风力发电旋转支臂,27、风力发电旋转轴,28、风力发电旋转轴连接件总成,29、风力发电电机与控制柜总成连接线,30、控制柜总成,31、潮流发电电机与控制柜总成连接电线,32、控制柜总成与储能装置连接电线,33、离网型储能装置,34、控制柜总成与并网逆变器连接电线,35、离网储能装置与离网逆变器连接电线,36、离网逆变器,37、离网逆变器与负载电器连接电线,38、电器负载,39、并网逆变器,40、并网逆变器与电网连接电线,41、电网,42、波浪发电电机,43、风力潮流发电公用支撑立柱间横拉杠,44、波浪发电单向转换装置,45、海平面,46、风力发电电机固定平台,47、波浪发电横向支撑杠,48、波浪发电支撑立柱间横拉杠,49、波浪发电电机与控制柜总成连接电线,50、波浪发电装置,51、潮流发电装置,52、风力发电装置。
具体实施方式
参照附图,一种组合型海洋能发电装置,包括有风力发电旋转轴连接件总成28、风力发电电机与控制柜总成连接线29、控制柜总成30、潮流发电电机与控制柜总成连接电线31、控制柜总成与储能装置连接电线32、离网型储能装置33、控制柜总成与并网逆变器连接电线34、离网储能装置与离网逆变器连接电线35、离网逆变器36、离网逆变器与负载电器连接电线37、电器负载38、并网逆变器39、并网逆变器与电网连接电线40、电网41、波浪发电电机42、风力发电电机固定平台46、波浪发电装置50、潮流发电装置51及风力发电装置52,其特征在于:该装置是将波浪发电装置50、潮流发电装置51及风力发电装置52组合成一体,波浪发电支撑立柱2垂直于海床1固定,波浪发电支撑立柱2与风力潮流发电公用支撑立柱3利用波浪发电平台固定下总成7、风力发电电机固定平台46、波浪发电下斜支撑6、波浪发电上斜支撑22、潮流发电旋转固定结构下总成5及潮流发电斜支撑4连接在一起组成整体框架结构做基础固定;在潮流发电旋转固定结构下总成5上安装潮流发电机旋转轴9、潮流发电旋转支臂12、潮流发电升力叶片10及潮流发电阻力叶片11,组成动力旋转部分,由风力潮流发电公用支撑立柱间横拉杠43、波浪发电横向支撑杠47及波浪发电支撑立柱间横拉杠48构成波浪发电固定立柱稳定平台23,波浪发电固定立柱稳定平台23内设有波浪发电固定平台立柱8,所述波浪发电固定平台立柱8为三根,波浪发电固定平台立柱8的下端固定在波浪发电平台固定下总成7上,波浪发电固定平台立柱8的上端与风力发电电机固定平台46固定在一起,波浪发电平台13穿套在波浪发电固定平台立柱8上,在波浪发电平台13上安装波浪发电固定基座14、波浪发电电机42及波浪发电单向转换装置44,在波浪发电单向转换装置44上安装波浪发电动力传输臂15,在波浪发电动力传输臂15上安装波浪发电浮筒动力传输基座16,在波浪发电浮筒动力传输基座16上安装波浪发电浮筒17,波浪发电浮筒17漂浮在海平面45上,在风力潮流发电公用支撑立柱3上安装潮流发电旋转固定结构上总成18,在潮流发电旋转固定结构上总成18上安装潮流发电电机19,在潮流发电电电机19的轴上安装超越离合器20,在风力发电电机固定平台46上安装风力发电电机21,风力发电电机21的轴与潮流发电机19的轴利用超越离合器20进行连接,在风力发电机旋转固定支撑总成24上安装风力发电旋转轴27,风力发电旋转轴27用风力发电机旋转轴连接件总成28与风力发电机旋转固定支撑总成24连接,在风力发电旋转轴27上安装风力发电旋转支臂26,在风力发电旋转支臂26上安装风力发电阻力叶片25,波浪发电电机42通过波浪发电机与控制柜总成连接电线49与控制柜总成30连接,潮流发电电机19通过潮流风电电机与控制柜总成连接电线31与控制柜总成30连接,风力发电电机21通过风力发电电机与控制柜总成连接线29与控制柜总成30连接,其中可以做离网系统:控制柜总成30通过控制柜总成与储能装置连接线32与储能装置33连接,储能装置33通过储能装置与离网逆变器连接线35与离网逆变器36连接,离网逆变器36通过离网逆变器与电器负载连接线37与电器负载38连接组成离网系统,又可以作并网系统:控制柜总成30与并网逆变器39通过控制柜总成与并网逆变器连接线34连接,并网逆变器39与电网41通过并网逆变器与电网连接线40连接组成并网系统。上面所述的超越离合器20为轴承的一种,我们采用的是CKA楔块式超越离合器,安装时,潮流发电电机轴固定在超越离合器的轴承内,风力发电电机轴固定在超越离合器的壳体上。其原理是,当风力发电机转速小于潮流发电机转速时由潮流发电电机轴通过超越离合器20把潮流发电机的动力传递给风力发电机使之同步运行发电,当风力发电机旋转速度大于潮流发电机转速时,超越离合器20起到断开同步,由风力发电电机轴独立的运行使风力发电机发电,形成两个单元,公知:潮流发电属于低转速大扭矩的特性,所以这样连接为了有效的充分利用一切可以用的动能来为发电机服务。
本发明组合型海洋能发电装置,突出直接没有多余其它任何繁琐零部件,使得结构简单维修成本低廉,使得投入与产出成正比、设备整体寿命延续性强,不仅具有海洋能利用率高(可望达到或超过85%)、可靠性高、适应范围广、噪音低等特性,而且可以实现兆瓦级的大功率、既可以并网又可以离网运行这是目前很多同类型设备所不具备的功能,既可在近海使用,也可在深海使用,对远离大陆没有火电核电等常规电力保障的岛屿哨所基地等提供大功率持续供电能源,确保极端天气环境下可以正常供电使用,具有非常广阔的开发和应用前景,将产生巨大的经济效益和社会效益。

Claims (2)

1.一种组合型海洋能发电装置,包括有风力发电旋转轴连接件总成(28)、风力发电电机与控制柜总成连接线(29)、控制柜总成(30)、潮流发电电机与控制柜总成连接电线(31)、控制柜总成与储能装置连接电线(32)、离网型储能装置(33)、控制柜总成与并网逆变器连接电线(34)、离网储能装置与离网逆变器连接电线(35)、离网逆变器(36)、离网逆变器与负载电器连接电线(37)、电器负载(38)、并网逆变器(39)、并网逆变器与电网连接电线(40)、电网(41)、波浪发电电机(42)、风力发电电机固定平台(46)、波浪发电装置(50)、潮流发电装置(51)及风力发电装置(52),其特征在于:该装置是将波浪发电装置(50)、潮流发电装置(51)及风力发电装置(52)组合成一体,波浪发电支撑立柱(2)垂直于海床(1)固定,波浪发电支撑立柱(2)与风力潮流发电公用支撑立柱(3)利用波浪发电平台固定下总成(7)、风力发电电机固定平台(46)、波浪发电下斜支撑(6)、波浪发电上斜支撑(22)、潮流发电旋转固定结构下总成(5)及潮流发电斜支撑(4)连接在一起组成整体框架结构做基础固定;在潮流发电旋转固定结构下总成(5)上安装潮流发电机旋转轴(9)、潮流发电旋转支臂(12)、潮流发电升力叶片(10)及潮流发电阻力叶片(11),组成动力旋转部分,由风力潮流发电公用支撑立柱间横拉杠(43)、波浪发电横向支撑杠(47)及波浪发电支撑立柱间横拉杠(48)构成波浪发电固定立柱稳定平台(23),波浪发电固定立柱稳定平台(23)内设有波浪发电固定平台立柱(8),所述波浪发电固定平台立柱(8)为三根,波浪发电固定平台立柱(8)的下端固定在波浪发电平台固定下总成(7)上,波浪发电固定平台立柱(8)的上端与风力发电电机固定平台(46)固定在一起,波浪发电平台(13)穿套在波浪发电固定平台立柱(8)上,在波浪发电平台(13)上安装波浪发电固定基座(14)、波浪发电电机(42)及波浪发电单向转换装置(44),在波浪发电单向转换装置(44)上安装波浪发电动力传输臂(15),在波浪发电动力传输臂(15)上安装波浪发电浮筒动力传输基座(16),在波浪发电浮筒动力传输基座(16)上安装波浪发电浮筒(17),波浪发电浮筒(17)漂浮在海平面(45)上,在风力潮流发电公用支撑立柱(3)上安装潮流发电旋转固定结构上总成(18),在潮流发电旋转固定结构上总成(18)上安装潮流发电电机(19),在潮流发电电电机(19)的轴上安装超越离合器(20),在风力发电电机固定平台(46)上安装风力发电电机(21),风力发电电机(21)的轴与潮流发电机(19)的轴利用超越离合器(20)进行连接,在风力发电机旋转固定支撑总成(24)上安装风力发电旋转轴(27),风力发电旋转轴(27)用风力发电机旋转轴连接件总成(28)与风力发电机旋转固定支撑总成(24)连接,在风力发电旋转轴(27)上安装风力发电旋转支臂(26),在风力发电旋转支臂(26)上安装风力发电阻力叶片(25),波浪发电电机(42)通过波浪发电机与控制柜总成连接电线(49)与控制柜总成(30)连接,潮流发电电机(19)通过潮流风电电机与控制柜总成连接电线(31)与控制柜总成(30)连接,风力发电电机(21)通过风力发电电机与控制柜总成连接线(29)与控制柜总成(30)连接,其中可以做离网系统:控制柜总成(30)通过控制柜总成与储能装置连接线(32)与储能装置(33)连接,储能装置(33)通过储能装置与离网逆变器连接线(35)与离网逆变器(36)连接,离网逆变器(36)通过离网逆变器与电器负载连接线(37)与电器负载(38)连接组成离网系统。
2.按照权利要求1所述的组合型海洋能发电装置,其特征在于:控制柜总成(30)与并网逆变器(39)通过控制柜总成与并网逆变器连接线(34)连接,并网逆变器(39)与电网(41)通过并网逆变器与电网连接线(40)连接组成并网系统。
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Application publication date: 20161207