A kind of mini-cable copper wire drawbench group
The present invention relates to cable machinery field, specifically a kind of mini-cable copper wire drawbench group.
Wire drawing machine is also designated as drawing machine, drawing machine English name is drawing machine, is made in industrial application
With very extensive mechanical equipment, it is widely used in machine-building, five metalworkings, petrochemical industry, plastics, bamboo and wood products, electric wire electricity
The industries such as cable.
Copper wire drawbench, is a machine for being used to make copper wire, and the principle of copper wire drawbench is to be wound to pull with power
Copper wire, copper wire are generated forward pultrusion by drawing die and are plastically deformed uniformly undergauge stent, and wire drawing machine is that have using copper wire
Ductility makes its diameter become smaller using the compression of mold, to reach the line footpath size of our needs.
Copper wire wire drawing is main including the following steps: unwrapping wire-wire drawing-annealing-take-up；During it, deposited toward contact
In the tensioning to copper wire, because copper wire rate of tension not enough then will affect wire-drawing effect, and often exist in copper wire drawing process
Some problems below:
1. cone pulley and die wear are fast；Reason: contain a large amount of copper powder and its oxide in a, lubricating fluid；B, nozzle location
It is incorrect.
2. copper wire changes colour；Reason: a, copper wire adhere to excessive oil product；
3. break scratch and burr；Reason: a, copper powder pollution；B, mold hole plug；C, the rate of tension of copper wire is improper；
4. copper line surface aoxidizes；Reason: a, the wire drawing oil of copper line surface or moisture are not cleaned out, and copper wire is caused to be exposed to
Electrochemical corrosion is generated in air.
Summary of the invention
It in order to make up for the deficiencies of the prior art, can the present invention provides a kind of mini-cable copper wire drawbench group
It realizes and the overall processes such as unwrapping wire, wire drawing, annealing and take-up is carried out to copper wire, device structure is simple, high degree of automation.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of mini-cable copper wire drawbench group, packet
Include fuselage, actinobacillus device, wire-drawing frame, tensioning apparatus, annealing device, cleaning plant and take-up, the actinobacillus device
On the left of fuselage, the wire-drawing frame is located at waist, and the tensioning apparatus is located on the right side of wire-drawing frame, described
Annealing device is located on the right side of tensioning apparatus, and the cleaning plant is located on the right side of annealing device, and the take-up is located at clear
It manages on the right side of device.
The fuselage generally cube structure, the fuselage include Zuo Qu, Zhong Qu and You Qu, the left area with
The through hole passed through for copper wire is provided between middle area and Zhong Qu and right area, the lower part Zhong Qu is provided with water outlet
Vertical chute is symmetrically arranged on the front and back two sides side plate in the left area；It is horizontal from left to right in the middle part of the middle area
It is provided with flat strip support plate, turns left on the lower end the You Qu bottom plate from the right side and is provided with a horizontal concrete chute；
The actinobacillus device includes setting reeler, compression bar, compression cylinder and sheet rubber, the setting reeler front and back two
Side is provided with shaft, and the shaft can be placed in the vertical chute in left area, so that setting reeler can turn in vertical chute
Dynamic, setting reeler section is circle, and the diameter of section of setting reeler is gradually incremented by outward in the middle part of setting reeler；When work,
Copper wire is on setting reeler.
The generally flat strip bar of the compression bar, the quantity of compression bar are two, and two compression bars are arranged symmetrically in left area
Portion front and rear sides, and be rotatably mounted on respectively in the middle part of two compression bars on the side plate of left area front and back two sides, each compression bar
Left side lower end is provided with circular groove, and the groove inner wall is fixed with sheet rubber, and the compression cylinder quantity is two,
Two compression cylinder bottoms are respectively fixedly connected on the bottom plate of internal front and rear sides, respectively with two at the top of two compression cylinders
A compression bar right end is hinged；When work, the shaft of setting reeler can be pressed by the telescopic band dynamic pressure bar of compression cylinder, and then is controlled
The unwrapping wire rate of setting reeler processed.
The wire-drawing frame includes guide wheel and drawing die, and the quantity of the drawing die is six to 12, and each drawing
Mould is installed in the support plate in middle area, and the aperture of each drawing die is gradually successively decreased from left to right along support plate, and each drawing die
On be respectively connected with wire drawing oil pipe, between each drawing die and the right of the left of leftmost side drawing die and rightmost side drawing die
It is provided with guide wheel, each guide wheel is fixed on the front and rear sides plate in middle area by wheel shaft, the central axes of each drawing die die hole and phase
The vertical tangent line of guide wheel is answered to coincide；When work, copper wire successively passes through from guide wheel, and sequentially passes through each drawing die, copper wire
The diminution of diameter is realized under the action of drawing die, wire drawing oil enters drawing die from wire drawing oil pipe, to realize the profit to copper wire
It is sliding.
The tensioning apparatus includes tensioning cylinder, tensioning wheel and position-limited wheel, and the tensioning cylinder is fixed on branch vertically
On middle area's bottom plate immediately below fagging, and tensioning cylinder is located at the right of rightmost side guide wheel in wire-drawing frame, the tensioning gas
Cylinder upper end is rotatably equipped with tensioning wheel, the position-limited wheel is located at tensioning wheel right, and position-limited wheel is arranged vertically by one
Connecting rod is installed on the supporting plate, and the horizontal tangent of the position-limited wheel is overlapped with the horizontal tangent of wire-drawing frame rightmost side guide wheel；
When work, when the copper wire rate of tension between each guide wheel is inadequate, then tensioning cylinder stretches out, so that tensioning wheel moves upwards, is located at
Copper wire on tensioning wheel also moves upwards, and then realizes the adjusting to copper wire rate of tension.
The annealing device includes nozzle and water pipe, and the nozzle is located at immediately below support plate, and nozzle is located at limit
Position wheel right, described water pipe one end connect external pump, and the water pipe other end is connected through support plate and with nozzle；Work
When, when passing through nozzle by the copper wire with certain temperature of wire drawing, external pump works so that water flows to nozzle from water pipe,
Copper wire is sprayed to from nozzle again, realizes the water annealing to copper wire.
The cleaning plant includes strut, copper ring and sponge, and the strut is arranged vertically at support plate and middle area
It between bottom plate, and is connected on the supporting plate at the top of strut, strut bottom is connected on the bottom plate in middle area, and the copper ring is located at branch
In the middle part of bar, and the central axes of copper ring are overlapped with the horizontal tangent of position-limited wheel；The copper ring inner wall is fixed with sponge；When work,
The copper wire for speckling with wire drawing oil and water passes through copper ring, and sponge is tentatively wiped the oil being attached on copper wire and water, prevents copper wire
Electrochemical corrosion is generated, copper wire is protected.
The take-up includes take-up motor, socket bar, take-up roller and deflecting roller, and the take-up motor is vertical
It is mounted on the top plate upper end in right area, the socket bar is arranged vertically at the top plate lower end in right area, and socket bar and electric machine main shaft
It is connected, the socket bar lower part is provided with internal screw thread；The take-up roller is cylindrical drum, and take-up roller upper and lower ends
It is provided with shaft, external screw thread is provided in the top shaft of the take-up roller, take-up roller passes through shaft and socket bar screw thread
It connects, in the horizontal concrete chute in the embeddable right area of the shaft of take-up roller lower part；The deflecting roller is horizontally arranged at by wheel shaft
Between the top plate and bottom plate in right area；When work, the rotation of take-up motor work belt moving sleeve bar, and then the rotation of take-up roller is driven,
And then realize take-up roller to the winding of copper wire, and when the copper wire of take-up roller winding reaches a certain amount of, then take-up motor stops
It only works, is rotated further by the shaft of take-up roller, so that take-up roller and socket bar are detached from, then by take-up roller out of horizontal concrete chute
It takes out, it is very convenient.
The utility model has the advantages that a kind of mini-cable copper wire drawbench group provided by the invention, can be realized and carry out to copper wire
The overall processes such as automatic unwrapping wire, wire drawing, annealing and take-up, device structure is simple, high degree of automation.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further described with embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention；
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of fuselage of the present invention；
Fig. 3 is top view of the invention；
Fig. 4 is Fig. 3 from the schematic diagram in terms of the direction B；
Fig. 5 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 3；
Fig. 6 is enlarged drawing at the C of Fig. 5；
In figure: fuselage 1, actinobacillus device 2, wire-drawing frame 3, tensioning apparatus 4, annealing device 5, cleaning plant 6, take-up
7, copper wire 8, left area 11, middle area 12, right area 13, through hole 14, vertical chute 111, support plate 121, horizontal concrete chute 131, unwrapping wire
Roller 21, compression bar 22, compression cylinder 23, sheet rubber 24, groove 221, guide wheel 31, drawing die 32, wire drawing oil pipe 321, tensioning gas
Cylinder 41, tensioning wheel 42, position-limited wheel 43, nozzle 51, water pipe 52, strut 61, copper ring 62, sponge 63, take-up motor 71, socket bar
72, take-up roller 73, deflecting roller 74.
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below
Embodiment is closed, the present invention is further explained.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, a kind of mini-cable copper wire drawbench of the present invention
Group, including fuselage 1, actinobacillus device 2, wire-drawing frame 3, tensioning apparatus 4, annealing device 5, cleaning plant 6 and take-up 7, institute
The actinobacillus device 2 stated is located at 1 left side of fuselage, and the wire-drawing frame 3 is located at 1 middle part of fuselage, and the tensioning apparatus 4, which is located at, to be drawn
3 right side of silk device, the annealing device 5 are located at 4 right side of tensioning apparatus, and it is right that the cleaning plant 6 is located at annealing device 5
Side, the take-up 7 are located at 6 right side of cleaning plant.
The generally cube structure of fuselage 1, the fuselage 1 includes left area 11, middle area 12 and right area 13, described
Left area 11 and middle area 12 and middle area 12 and right area 13 between be provided with the through hole 14 passed through for copper wire 8, it is described
Middle 12 lower part of area is provided with water outlet；
Vertical chute 111 is symmetrically arranged on the front and back two sides side plate in the left area 11；From a left side in the middle part of the middle area 12
It turns right to be horizontally disposed with and has flat strip support plate 121, turn left on the 13 lower end bottom plate of right area from the right side and be provided with a water
Smooth slot 131；
The actinobacillus device 2 includes setting reeler 21, compression bar 22, compression cylinder 23 and sheet rubber 24, the unwrapping wire
21 front and rear sides of roller are provided with shaft, and the shaft can be placed in the vertical chute 111 in left area 11, thus setting reeler
21 can rotate in vertical chute 111, and 21 section of setting reeler is circle, and the diameter of section of setting reeler 21 is from setting reeler
21 middle parts are gradually incremented by outward；When work, copper wire is on setting reeler 21.
The generally flat strip bar of the compression bar 22, the quantity of compression bar 22 are two, and two compression bars 22 are arranged symmetrically in
Left 11 inside front and rear sides of area, and two 22 middle parts of compression bar are rotatably mounted on respectively on left 11 front and back two sides side plate of area,
The 22 left side lower end of each compression bar is provided with circular groove 221, and 221 inner wall of groove is fixed with sheet rubber 24,
23 quantity of compression cylinder is two, and the bottom plate in internal front and rear sides is respectively fixedly connected in two 23 bottoms of compression cylinder
On, two 23 tops of compression cylinder are hinged with two 22 right ends of compression bar respectively；When work, the flexible of compression cylinder 23 can be passed through
It drives compression bar 22 to press the shaft of setting reeler 21, and then controls the unwrapping wire rate of setting reeler 21.
The wire-drawing frame 3 includes guide wheel 31 and drawing die 32, and the quantity of the drawing die 32 is six to 12, and
Each drawing die 32 is installed in the support plate 121 in middle area 12, and the aperture of each drawing die 32 along support plate 121 from left to right by
Step is successively decreased, and wire drawing oil pipe 321 is respectively connected on each drawing die 32, between each drawing die 32 and leftmost side drawing die 32
Left and the right of rightmost side drawing die 32 be provided with guide wheel 31, each guide wheel 31 is fixed on the front and back in middle area 12 by wheel shaft
On both side plate, the central axes of each 32 die hole of drawing die and the vertical tangent line of corresponding guide wheel 31 coincide；When work, copper wire successively from
Pass through on guide wheel 31, and sequentially pass through each drawing die 32, copper wire realizes the diminution of diameter, wire drawing under the action of drawing die 32
Oil enters drawing die from wire drawing oil pipe 321, to realize the lubrication to copper wire.
The tensioning apparatus 4 includes tensioning cylinder 41, tensioning wheel 42 and position-limited wheel 43, and the tensioning cylinder 41 is vertical
It is fixed on 12 bottom plate of middle area immediately below support plate 121, and tensioning cylinder 41 is located at rightmost side guide wheel 31 in wire-drawing frame 3
Right, 41 upper end of tensioning cylinder are rotatably equipped with tensioning wheel 42, and the position-limited wheel 43 is located at 42 right of tensioning wheel, and
Position-limited wheel 43 is mounted in support plate 121 by a connecting rod arranged vertically, the horizontal tangent of the position-limited wheel 43 and drawing
The horizontal tangent of 3 rightmost side guide wheel 31 of silk device is overlapped；When work, when the copper wire rate of tension between each guide wheel 31 is inadequate, then
Tensioning cylinder 41 stretches out, so that tensioning wheel 42 moves upwards, the copper wire on tensioning wheel 42 is also moved upwards, and then realization pair
The adjusting of copper wire rate of tension.
The annealing device 5 includes nozzle 51 and water pipe 52, and the nozzle 51 is located at immediately below support plate 121, and
Nozzle 51 is located at 43 right of position-limited wheel, and described 52 one end of water pipe connects external pump, and 52 other end of water pipe runs through support plate 121
And it is connected with nozzle 51；When work, when passing through nozzle by the copper wire with certain temperature of wire drawing, external pump work
So that water flows to nozzle 51 from water pipe 52, then sprays to copper wire from nozzle 51, the water annealing to copper wire is realized.
The cleaning plant 6 includes strut 61, copper ring 62 and sponge 63, and the strut 61 is arranged vertically at support plate
It between 121 and the bottom plate in middle area 12, and is connected in support plate 121 at the top of strut 61,61 bottom of strut is connected in middle area 12
On bottom plate, the copper ring 62 is located at 61 middle part of strut, and the central axes of copper ring 62 are overlapped with the horizontal tangent of position-limited wheel 43；Institute
62 inner wall of copper ring stated is fixed with sponge 63；When work, the copper wire for speckling with wire drawing oil and water passes through copper ring 62, and sponge 63 will adhere to
Oil and water on copper wire 62 are tentatively wiped, and are prevented copper wire from generating electrochemical corrosion, are protected copper wire.
The take-up 7 includes take-up motor 71, socket bar 72, take-up roller 73 and deflecting roller 74, the receipts
Line motor 71 is vertically installed at the top plate upper end in right area 13, and the socket bar 72 is arranged vertically at the top plate lower end in right area 13,
And socket bar 72 is connected with electric machine main shaft, 72 lower part of socket bar is provided with internal screw thread；The take-up roller 73 is
Cylindrical drum, and 73 upper and lower ends of take-up roller are provided with shaft, are provided with external screw thread in the top shaft of the take-up roller 73,
Take-up roller 73 is threadedly coupled by shaft with socket bar 72, and the level in the embeddable right area 13 of the shaft of 73 lower part of take-up roller is sliding
In slot 131；The deflecting roller 74 is horizontally arranged between the top plate and bottom plate in right area 13 by wheel shaft；When work, take-up electricity
The rotation of 71 work belt moving sleeve bar 72 of machine, and then drive take-up roller 73 to rotate, and then realize take-up roller 73 to the volume of copper wire
Around, and when the copper wire that take-up roller 73 is wound reaches a certain amount of, then take-up motor 71 stops working, and is rotated further by take-up roller 73
Shaft so that take-up roller 73 and socket bar 72 are detached from, then take-up roller 73 is taken out out of horizontal concrete chute 131, it is very square
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should
Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and only illustrating for the description in above embodiments and description is of the invention
Principle, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these change and change
Into all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its equivalent