CN106167996B - Livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106167996B
CN106167996B CN201610621381.4A CN201610621381A CN106167996B CN 106167996 B CN106167996 B CN 106167996B CN 201610621381 A CN201610621381 A CN 201610621381A CN 106167996 B CN106167996 B CN 106167996B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
livewire work
perfluor
waterproofing agent
polyacrylate
step
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610621381.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106167996A (en
Inventor
刘夏清
刘兰兰
邹德华
牛捷
汪志刚
李稳
陈隆
顾加辉
刘慎
陶丽珍
Original Assignee
国网湖南省电力公司带电作业中心
国网湖南省电力公司
国家电网公司
湖南太平昌盛电器有限公司
兴化市佳辉电力器具有限公司
常州纺织服装职业技术学院
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Application filed by 国网湖南省电力公司带电作业中心, 国网湖南省电力公司, 国家电网公司, 湖南太平昌盛电器有限公司, 兴化市佳辉电力器具有限公司, 常州纺织服装职业技术学院 filed Critical 国网湖南省电力公司带电作业中心
Priority to CN201610621381.4A priority Critical patent/CN106167996B/en
Publication of CN106167996A publication Critical patent/CN106167996A/en
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Publication of CN106167996B publication Critical patent/CN106167996B/en

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D07ROPES; CABLES OTHER THAN ELECTRIC
    • D07BROPES OR CABLES IN GENERAL
    • D07B1/00Constructional features of ropes or cables
    • D07B1/02Ropes built-up from fibrous or filamentary material, e.g. of vegetable origin, of animal origin, regenerated cellulose, plastics
    • D07B1/04Ropes built-up from fibrous or filamentary material, e.g. of vegetable origin, of animal origin, regenerated cellulose, plastics with a core of fibres or filaments arranged parallel to the centre line
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D07ROPES; CABLES OTHER THAN ELECTRIC
    • D07BROPES OR CABLES IN GENERAL
    • D07B1/00Constructional features of ropes or cables
    • D07B1/16Ropes or cables with an enveloping sheathing or inlays of rubber or plastics
    • D07B1/162Ropes or cables with an enveloping sheathing or inlays of rubber or plastics characterised by a plastic or rubber enveloping sheathing
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D07ROPES; CABLES OTHER THAN ELECTRIC
    • D07BROPES OR CABLES IN GENERAL
    • D07B2201/00Ropes or cables
    • D07B2201/20Rope or cable components
    • D07B2201/2083Jackets or coverings
    • D07B2201/2087Jackets or coverings being of the coated type

Abstract

The present invention relates to livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation ropes and preparation method thereof;Belong to the exploitation of livewire work insulation ropes and preparing technical field.The insulating cord includes dyeing core, the transition zone being evenly coated on dyeing core and the waterproof oxidant layer composition being evenly coated on transition zone;The waterproof oxidant layer is four carbon waterproofing agent of six carbon waterproofing agent of perfluor and/or perfluor.Its production method is:Line is made through simultaneously silk, twisting in silkworm long filament, orange colour is processed into through infusion process acid dyeing, then handled using the aqueous high molecular anionic emulsion and coupling agent infusion process that grain size is 5 200 nanometers, make fiber surface anionic, infusion process cation water-proof finish is carried out again, it is baked through high temperature, rope finally is made in line;Its damp proof insulation is far above the prior art, and especially suitable for the livewire work under high humidity environment, and keeping and transport are more saved worry, and use is safer.

Description

Livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation ropes and preparation method thereof;Belong to livewire work insulating cord Suo Kaifa and preparing technical field.

Background technology

At present, the common mulberry insulation rope that China's livewire work uses easily makes moist, relative humidity be more than 85% with When upper cannot normal use, storage keeping must be placed in drying shed, and in transit and use during make moist, can make It can not operation into midway, it is necessary to can be just continuing with after oven for drying;If during livewire work, dash forward and meet rainy days Gas, insulating cord can not be torn open safely and remove in time, then electrical equipment can be caused great harm and lost, and directly threaten electric power Equipment and personal safety, this is the problem of long-standing problem livewire work industry.

Wherein silk is surface-treated using perfluorooctanoic acid waterproofing agent (8 waterproofing agent of abbreviation carbon), better effects can be played, The invention of Related product we also applied for Chinese patent (application number:CN 02104814.2), but due to finding that carbon 8 is anti-in recent years Aqua can be to environmental emission PFOS (perfluorooctanesulphonate:It is the english abbreviation of perfluoro octane sulfonate) and PFOA(Perfluorooctanoic Acid:It is the english abbreviation of perfluorooctanoic acid), PFOS and PFOA Yi Bei worlds relevant group Knitting confirmation has environmental hazard and bio-toxicity, and fast degradation can not handle before discharging, so 8 waterproofing agent of carbon was in 2015 The whole world is stopped production after December 31.

If fluorocarbons C8 side chain lengths are reduced to C6 or C4 by waterproof, so that it may relevant PFOA and PFOS be avoided to ask Topic, the by-product of short chain fluorination industry, as perfluor caproic acid (PFHxA), the toxicity of perfluoro butyl sulfosalt (PFBS) and biology store Product property is very low, and fast degradation can handle before discharging.But compared with C8 fluorocarbons, perfluoroalkyl chain length meeting is reduced So that waterproof effect is substantially deteriorated, but also the performance of damp proof insulation rope can not meet GB/T 13035-2003《Livewire work is used Insulation ropes》National standard, the present invention is mainly for solving the problems, such as this.

The content of the invention

In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of humidity resistance improves a lot than the prior art, keeping and Transport is more saved worry, and use is safer, and under high humidity environment, the live line work insulating rope that can be used.

Livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention;Including dyeing core, it is evenly coated on dyeing core Transition zone and the waterproof oxidant layer composition being evenly coated on transition zone;The dyeing core is to dye bisque mulberry silk Line;The transition zone is obtained by the reaction using coupling agent and aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate as raw material at 80-100 DEG C;Institute The general formula of coupling agent is stated as YSiX3, wherein Y is non-hydrolytic group, X is hydrolyzable groups;The general formula of the polyacrylate isCarbon atom number is more than or equal to 8 wherein in R group;The waterproofing agent is for six carbon waterproofing agent of perfluor and/or entirely Four carbon waterproofing agent of fluorine.

Livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention;The aqueous polyurethane is preferably A, the structural formula of the A ForWherein R1、R2Preferably alkyl.

Livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention;The six carbon waterproofing agent of perfluor is perfluor caproic acid;It is described complete Four carbon waterproofing agent of fluorine is perfluoro butyl sulfonic acid and/or perfluoro butyl sulfosalt.

Livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention;The quality of the transition zone is the 1%- of dyeing core quality 20%;Preferably 5-15%, further preferably 5-8%..

Livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention;In mass ratio, aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate: Coupling agent=1:1-1:20 after mixing, and the transition zone is obtained by the reaction at 80-100 DEG C.

Livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention;The quality of waterproof oxidant layer is the 1%- of dyeing core quality 20%;Preferably 5-15%, further preferably 10-12%;.

Livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention;The general formula of the coupling agent is YSiX3, and wherein Y is non-aqueous Group is solved, the non-hydrolytic group includes alkenyl (predominantly vinyl) and end carries Cl, NH2, SH, epoxy, N3、 The alkyl of the functional groups such as (methyl) acryloxy, isocyanate group;

X is hydrolyzable groups;The hydrolyzable groups include-Cl ,-OMe ,-OEt ,-OC2H4OCH3,-OSiMe3, and- OAc etc..

The preparation method of livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention, comprises the following steps:

Step 1

Line is made through simultaneously silk, twisting in silkworm long filament, and dipping acid dyeing post-processing obtains dyeing core into orange colour Material;Step 2

Dyeing core obtained by step 1 is placed in liquid B, 80-100 DEG C impregnate 0.5-1 it is small when after, carried Cross the dyeing core of layer;The liquid B is made of coupling agent and aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate;The coupling agent General formula is YSiX3, and wherein Y is non-hydrolytic group, X is hydrolyzable groups;The general formula of the polyacrylate isCarbon atom number is more than or equal to 8 wherein in R group;

Step 3

By the obtained dyeing core with transition zone of step 2 be placed in waterproofing agent impregnate 0.5-1 it is small when after, 100-150 DEG C bakes, and is eventually fabricated rope;Obtain the livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope;The waterproofing agent is complete Four carbon waterproofing agent of six carbon waterproofing agent of fluorine and/or perfluor.

The preparation method of livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention, acid dyes used is to pass through in step 1 At least one of acid such as glacial acetic acid, citric acid, malic acid, tannic acid adjust acidity.

The preparation method of livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention, acid dyes used is selected from acid in step 1 One kind in the simple acid dyes such as property polar yellow GN, the acidity red B in pula;Its dosage is the 1%- of silkworm quality of polyester filament used 2%.For the ease of industrial applications, generally dyed using hank-dyeing machine;When being dyed using hank-dyeing machine, control Bath raio processed is 1:10‐1:30.

The preparation method of livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention, in step 2, aqueous polyurethane and/or poly- The granularity of acrylate is 5-200 nanometers.

The preparation method of livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention, in step 2, in mass ratio, aqueous poly- ammonia Ester and/or polyacrylate:Coupling agent=1:1-1:20 after mixing, obtains liquid B.

Aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate reunite and are uniformly distributed it in order to prevent, in industrial applications Also the immersion coating operation of transition zone is carried out using hank-dyeing machine;The immersion coating that transition zone is carried out using hank-dyeing machine is grasped When making, it is silkworm quality of polyester filament used in step 1 to control the gross mass of aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate and coupling agent 1%-20%.Coating effect is promoted in order to improve, it is 1 to control bath raio:10-1:30.

Carbon atom number is preferably 8-12 in the R group of the polyacrylate.

The average molecular weight that the degree of polymerization of the polyacrylate is is 1-8 ten thousand, is preferably 3-5 ten thousand.

The six carbon waterproofing agent of perfluor is preferably for perfluor caproic acid (PFHxA).

The four carbon waterproofing agent of perfluor is preferably perfluoro butyl sulfosalt (PFBS).

The preparation method of livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention, the quality of waterproofing agent used is step 1 institute With the 1%-20% of silkworm quality of polyester filament;Preferably 5-15%, further preferably 10-12%.

The preparation method of livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope of the present invention bakes 5-10 minutes at 100-150 DEG C.

Principle and advantage

Fluorine-containing 8 waterproofing agent of carbon treated fiber, fluorocarbon chain are uprightly directed toward air side, make hydrone can not close to fiber, But waterproofing agent drops to carbon below 6 from 8 long-chain of carbon, and perfluor segment can be made to lodge, also make the more accessible fiber of hydrone, so as to serious Influence waterproof effect, the present invention by anionic overlay film to fiber surface, cover, cationic waterproofing agent is made to be not easy to misplace, More molecule is accumulated by surface simultaneously and carries out space extruding, carbon waterproof agent molecule below 6 is made not generate lodging phenomenon, so as to Substantially increase water resistance.

The present invention greatly simplifies preparation process, shortens preparation flow.Its designed and manufactured livewire work is with moisture-proof exhausted Edge rope, the key technical indexes meet GB/T 13035-2003《Livewire work insulation ropes》National standard, especially in resistance to drift It washes in performance and stretch resistance energy, damp proof insulation performance is significantly better than the prior art, solves long-term in livewire work industry Indeterminable problem.

Description of the drawings

Attached drawing 1 is process flow chart of the invention.

In figure:1st, 2, immersion coating solution B 3, water-proofing treatment 4 are dyed, 5 is baked, rope finished product is made

Specific embodiment

Embodiment 1:

Step 1

Line is made through simultaneously silk, twisting in silkworm long filament, and dipping acid dyeing post-processing obtains dyeing core into orange colour Material;Acid used is tannic acid 2g/L, and acid dyes is one in the simple acid dyes such as acid polar yellow GN, the acidity red B in pula Kind;Its dosage is the 1%-2% of silkworm quality of polyester filament used.For the ease of industrial applications, generally using hank-dyeing machine into Row dyeing;When being dyed using hank-dyeing machine, it is 1 to control bath raio:10

Step 2

In mass ratio, aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate:Coupling agent=1:1-1:20 after mixing, obtains liquid Body B;

Dyeing core obtained by step 1 is placed in liquid B, when 80-100 DEG C of dipping 0.5 is small after, obtain with transition The dyeing core of layer;The liquid B is made of coupling agent and aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate;The coupling agent leads to Formula is YSiX3, and wherein Y is amino, X is methoxyl group (- OCH3);The general formula of the polyacrylate isWherein Carbon atom number is 8 in R group, and average molecular weight is 3-5 ten thousand;The granularity of the aqueous polyurethane and polyacrylate is 50-60 nanometers;

Aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate are reunited and are uniformly distributed in order to prevent, and reeled yarn is used in the present embodiment Overflow dyeing machine carries out the immersion coating operation of transition zone;When the immersion coating operation of transition zone is carried out using hank-dyeing machine, control The gross mass of aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate and coupling agent is 5% of silkworm quality of polyester filament used in step 1.In order into Step promotes coating effect, and it is 1 to control bath raio:10.

Step 3

By step 2 the dyeing core with transition zone be placed in waterproofing agent dipping 0.5 it is small when after, baked at 135 DEG C 10 minutes, it is eventually fabricated rope;Obtain the livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope;The waterproofing agent is perfluor caproic acid. The quality of waterproofing agent used is 10% of silkworm quality of polyester filament used in step 1.Gained finished product, underwater 15-20 centimeters impregnate 15 The testing result of hydroscopicity is shown in Table 1. after minute

Comparative example 1

Other conditions and embodiment 1 are completely the same, eliminate step 2;15-20 centimeters impregnate 15 under gained product water The testing result of hydroscopicity is shown in Table 1 after minute.

Table 1

Claims (10)

1. livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope;It is characterized in that:The insulating cord by dyeing core, be evenly coated at dye Transition zone on color core and the waterproof oxidant layer composition being evenly coated on transition zone;The dyeing core is to dye orange colour Silkworm silk thread;The transition zone is using coupling agent and aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate as raw material, in 80-100 DEG C of reaction It obtains;The general formula of the coupling agent is YSiX3, and wherein Y is non-hydrolytic group, X is hydrolyzable groups;The polyacrylate General formula isCarbon atom number is more than or equal to 8 wherein in R group;The waterproof oxidant layer is six carbon waterproofing agent of perfluor And/or four carbon waterproofing agent of perfluor.
2. livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope according to claim 1;It is characterized in that:The aqueous polyurethane For A, the structural formula of the A isWherein R1、R2For alkyl.
3. livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope according to claim 1;It is characterized in that:Six carbon of perfluor is prevented Aqua is perfluor caproic acid;The four carbon waterproofing agent of perfluor is perfluoro butyl sulfonic acid and/or perfluoro butyl sulfosalt.
4. livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope according to claim 1;It is characterized in that:The matter of the transition zone It measures to dye the 1%-20% of core quality.
5. livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope according to claim 1;It is characterized in that:In mass ratio, it is aqueous Polyurethane and/or polyacrylate:Coupling agent=1:1-1:20 after mixing, and the transition is obtained by the reaction at 80-100 DEG C Layer.
6. livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope according to claim 1;It is characterized in that:The quality of waterproof oxidant layer To dye the 1%-20% of core quality.
7. a kind of preparation method of livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, It is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
Step 1
Silkworm long filament through and silk, twisting line is made, be immersed in the bath material of acid dyes composition and dye, dyeing post-processing is into orange Color obtains dyeing core;
Step 2
Dyeing core obtained by step 1 is placed in liquid B, 80-100 DEG C impregnate 0.5-1 it is small when after, obtain with transition zone Dyeing core;The liquid B is made of coupling agent and aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate;The general formula of the coupling agent For YSiX3, wherein Y is non-hydrolytic group, X is hydrolyzable groups;The general formula of the polyacrylate isIts Carbon atom number is more than or equal to 8 in middle R group;The waterproofing agent is four carbon waterproofing agent of six carbon waterproofing agent of perfluor and/or perfluor;
Step 3
By the obtained dyeing core with transition zone of step 2 be placed in waterproofing agent impregnate 0.5-1 it is small when after, in 100-150 It DEG C bakes, is eventually fabricated rope;Obtain the livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope;The waterproofing agent is prevented for six carbon of perfluor Four carbon waterproofing agent of aqua and/or perfluor.
8. the preparation method of livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Step Acid dyes used is to adjust acidity, step by least one of glacial acetic acid, citric acid, malic acid, tannic acid in one The one kind of acid dyes used in acid polar yellow GN, the acidity red B in pula in one;Its dosage is silkworm quality of polyester filament used 1%-2%;It is dyed using hank-dyeing machine;When being dyed using hank-dyeing machine, it is 1 to control bath raio:10‐1: 30。
9. the preparation method of livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:
In step 2, the granularity of aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate is 5-200 nanometers;
Carbon atom number is 8-12 in the R group of the polyacrylate;
The average molecular weight of the polyacrylate is 1-8 ten thousand;
In step 2, in mass ratio, aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate:Coupling agent=1:1-1:20 after mixing, obtains To liquid B;
Aqueous polyurethane and/or polyacrylate are reunited in order to be uniformly distributed in order to prevent, are carried out using hank-dyeing machine Cross the immersion coating operation of layer;Using hank-dyeing machine carry out transition zone immersion coating operate when, control aqueous polyurethane and/ Or the gross mass of polyacrylate and coupling agent is the 1%-20% of silkworm quality of polyester filament used in step 1, bath raio is controlled to be 1: 10-1:30。
10. the preparation method of livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Step In rapid three,
The six carbon waterproofing agent of perfluor is perfluor caproic acid;
The four carbon waterproofing agent of perfluor is perfluoro butyl sulfonic acid and/or perfluoro butyl sulfosalt;
The quality of waterproofing agent used is the 1%-20% of silkworm quality of polyester filament used in step 1;
It is baked at 100-150 DEG C 5-10 minutes.
CN201610621381.4A 2016-07-30 2016-07-30 Livewire work damp-proof mulberry insulation rope and preparation method thereof CN106167996B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106167996B true CN106167996B (en) 2018-06-01

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Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008106380A (en) * 2006-10-24 2008-05-08 Toyo Rubber Shokufu Kk Shape-retaining covered filamentary material
DE102007024020A1 (en) * 2007-05-18 2008-11-20 Casar Drahtseilwerk Saar Gmbh Rope, combined rope of synthetic fibers and steel wire strands, as well as combined strand of synthetic fibers and steel wires
CN103498368A (en) * 2013-10-20 2014-01-08 高芬 Safety rope
CN105297452A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-02-03 青岛华凯海洋科技有限公司 Waterproof and ultraviolet-proof safety rope coating
CN105735018B (en) * 2016-04-05 2018-07-27 如皋市顺源电力绳网带织造有限公司 A kind of production method of moisture-proof silk insulating cord

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