CN106149576A - On across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge except and construction method of installation - Google Patents

On across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge except and construction method of installation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106149576A
CN106149576A CN201610679484.6A CN201610679484A CN106149576A CN 106149576 A CN106149576 A CN 106149576A CN 201610679484 A CN201610679484 A CN 201610679484A CN 106149576 A CN106149576 A CN 106149576A
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China
Prior art keywords
support
remove
installation
reinforcing bar
bridge
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CN201610679484.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106149576B (en
Inventor
王�锋
任高峰
唐辉
何平平
张林峰
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China Railway 20th Bureau Group Corp
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China Railway 20th Bureau Group Corp
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Priority to CN201610679484.6A priority Critical patent/CN106149576B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D22/00Methods or apparatus for repairing or strengthening existing bridges ; Methods or apparatus for dismantling bridges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D21/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for erecting or assembling bridges

Abstract

The invention discloses in one across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge except and construction method of installation, from front to back removed old beam multiple need to be removed beam section and carry out whole assembling and dismantling respectively and remove and installation, including step: one, bridge deck pavement milling;Two, beam section support top;Three, preparation before lifting;Four, lift and remove;Five, after changing, beam section is installed;Six, the next whole assembling and dismantling of beam section except and installation: according to the method described in step one to step 5, the next one of removed old beam need to be removed beam section and carry out whole assembling and dismantling and remove and installation;Seven, one or many repeats step 6, removes and installation process until completing all whole assembling and dismantling that need to remove beam section in removed old beam.The inventive method step is simple, reasonable in design and easy construction, using effect are good, can easy, be rapidly completed the whole assembling and dismantling across the most wired bridge and remove and installation process, and work progress is safe and reliable, short construction period, economical and practical.

Description

On across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge except and construction method of installation
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of bridge construction, especially relate to remove and installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge in one Construction method.
Background technology
In recent years, along with national communication infrastructure is fast-developing, the part highway built up in early days can not be complete Adapting to the demand of the current volume of traffic, existing highway extension project project day by day increases.The most original leap existing railway line Bridge on highway bearing capacity decline, the traffic loading day by day increased the weight of cannot be met the soonest, to those bearing capacitys not The work that the bridge of foot carries out strengthening reconstruction is extremely the most urgent.At the highway extension project closing on or crossing over existing railway line In construction, for reducing various construction interference effects, both ensured that highway normal traffic was passed through, just ensured existing railway again Often traffic safety, becomes the new problem of engineering construction field of traffic research, new direction.The most safe efficient, quick, orderly group Knit enforcement close on or cross over the whole assembling and dismantling of bridge of existing railway line (being called for short the most wired) except and installation, it is ensured that crossed over existing The traffic safety of railway line and freeway traffic smooth and easy be the main task of Reconstruction Project.
Lintong~Xi'an section highway are x wire Lianyun Harbour in " national expressway network planning "-Huo'erguosi high speeds The important composition section that highway (G30) is domestic in Shaanxi, simultaneously Ye Shi Shaanxi Province transportation aorta.Circuit is in K118+ Across Longhai Railway (K1048+682.5) in 712.502 (highway pile No.), route radius of horizontal curve 5500m, longitudinal gradient at bridge location 1.266%, route is 26.45 degree with the angle of cut of railway.Former road uses 1-17.2mT girder span more, cloth beam vertical with railway, skew bridge Just do, under-clearance 7.8m.Below bridge location, Longhai Railway is cut subgrade, maximum dredging depth 9.6m, is sea, Gansu Province line straight line at bridge location Section one-level electrification double track railway, two station tracks, III type concrete crosstie, distance between centers of tracks 4m, southern side orbit centre is away from side, existing Xi'an bridge Platform 4m, north side orbit centre is away from side, existing Lintong abutment 8m.Scheme of extending at this is to increase along railway direction on former Bridge Foundation 27 30m box beams, the most left width increases by 13, and right width increases by 14, and changes 44 17.2mT of old bridge Lack of support Beam, after widening, whole bridge extends overall length to railway direction is 161.6m.44 T beams of old bridge are divided into 10 groups altogether, smallest group 2, Big group 5, maximum group weight reaches 138t.When above-mentioned bridge is carried out reorganization and expansion construction, there is no successful experience at present and use for reference, can Technical data for using for reference is less, selects scientific and reasonable arrangement and method for construction to carry out crossing over the highway bridge of existing railway line substantially Long-pending, the whole assembling and dismantling of large-tonnage remove and update contruction construction, to guaranteeing busy trunk railway safe operation and highway extension project Smooth construction tool is of great significance.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is for above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, it is provided that across existing on Yi Zhong The whole assembling and dismantling of line bridge except and construction method of installation, its method step is simple, reasonable in design and easy construction, using effect are good, energy Easy, be rapidly completed the whole assembling and dismantling across the most wired bridge and remove and installation process, and work progress is safe and reliable, executes The work cycle is short, economical and practical.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is: remove across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on Yi Zhong With construction method of installation, it is characterised in that: from front to back multiple beam section of need to removing of removed old beam are carried out whole assembling and dismantling respectively Removing and installation, multiple described whole assembling and dismantling that need to remove beam section remove the most identical with construction method of installation;Removed old beam for across More the bridge main beam of existing railway line, is removed old beam the most assembled by multiple described beam section of need to removing, Duo Gesuo Stating and need to remove that the structure of beam section is the most identical and it is armored concrete beam section, described beam section of need to removing is by M RC T Beam is assemblied to form from left to right, and wherein M is positive integer and M >=3;Described need to remove beam section before and after two ends be respectively supported at one On support pier, described need to dismounting is all equipped with bridge deck pavement in beam section;Whole assembling and dismantling are carried out to beam section need to be removed any one described Except, during with installation, comprising the following steps:
Step one, bridge deck pavement milling: the described bridge deck pavement in current constructed beam section is carried out milling;
Described current constructed beam section is currently to carry out whole assembling and dismantling except the need dismounting beam section with installation;
Step 2, beam section support top: before and after below current constructed beam section, on two described support piers, lay one respectively Vertical ejection device of group, often organizes described vertical ejection device and all includes that M is laid in same vertical plane from left to right along direction across bridge On described vertical ejection device, be provided with bottom two ends before and after each described RC T-beam one described vertically Prop up ejection device;Synchronize, by current constructed beam section level upwards support top, to make current institute by vertical ejection device described in two groups again Construction beam section is separated with two described support piers;
Preparation before step 3, lifting: lay a suspension bracket respectively above two ends before and after current constructed beam section, And a described lower joist is laid respectively in the underface of two described suspension brackets, two described lower joists are respectively supported at current institute Before and after construction beam section bottom two ends;Two described suspension brackets are lifted on respectively the bridge formation being set up in advance on removed old beam again Before and after machine immediately below two overhead traveling cranes, described Bridge Erector, two described suspension brackets and two described lower joist composition Lift-on/Lift-off Systems;
Two described suspension brackets and two described lower joists are all laid along the transverse width direction of current constructed beam section, Two described suspension brackets are symmetrically laid, and two described lower joists are symmetrically laid;Install the most from left to right on each described suspension bracket The vertical lifting piece installing that M described RC T-beam is lifted by M group respectively, the described vertical lifting piece installing of many groups is had all to lay On same vertical plane;Often organize described vertical lifting piece installing and all include two the described vertical lifting piece installings in left and right, two described vertical liftings Piece installing lays respectively at the web left and right sides of lifted RC T-beam, described vertical lifting piece installing top be fixed on described in hang On frame;In each described RC T-beam, the two ends of top board all have two holes for hoist passed respectively for vertical lifting piece installing; Described lower joist is divided into M the joist sections laid from left to right, and the structure of M described joist sections is the most identical with size, often Being provided with a described joist sections bottom the web of individual described RC T-beam, described joist sections is along removing beam The transverse width direction of section is laid;Often organize all fixing peace in the bottom of two described vertical lifting piece installings in described vertical lifting piece installing It is contained on same described joist sections;
Step 4, lift and remove: use described Bridge Erector current construct beam section level upwards to be lifted, and general is currently Constructed beam section moves to outside two described support piers;
After step 5, replacing, beam section is installed: use Lift-on/Lift-off System described in step 3 to lift beam section after changing, and After making described replacing, before and after beam section, two ends are respectively supported in step 4 on two described support piers;
After described replacing, beam section is the beam section being replaced current construction beam section;Use described Lift-on/Lift-off System to institute When after stating replacing, beam section lifts, two described suspension brackets are laid in after described replacing before and after beam section above two ends respectively, and two Individual described lower joist is respectively supported at after described replacing before and after beam section bottom two ends;After described replacing, before and after beam section, two ends are equal Have 2M the vertical through holes passed respectively for vertical lifting piece installing;
Step 6, the next whole assembling and dismantling of beam section remove and installation: according to the method described in step one to step 5, right Removed the next one of old beam need to remove beam section carry out whole assembling and dismantling except and installation;
Step 7, one or many repeat step 6, until completing all need to remove beam section whole groups in removed old beam Remove and installation process.
Remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on above-mentioned, it is characterized in that: Bridge Erector described in step 3 For double guide beam bridge erecting machine;Before and after described Bridge Erector, supporting leg is respectively supported at two described support piers of current constructed beam section On.
Remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on above-mentioned, it is characterized in that: step 2 carries out beam section and props up Before top, first in current constructed beam section, before and after each described RC T-beam, two ends are respectively cut on one lower people Hole;When step 2 carries out beam section support top, the upper servant hole completed by cutting below current constructed beam section before and after two Lay one group respectively on individual described support pier and vertically prop up ejection device;
Each described vertical ejection device all includes two the vertical jack in left and right, and two described vertical jack symmetries are propped up Supportting the web left and right sides in a described RC T-beam, the top of two described vertical jack is propped up respectively and is withstood on steel Below the top board left and right sides of reinforced concrete T beam.
Remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on above-mentioned, it is characterized in that: step 2 carries out beam section and props up Before top, also need to use described Bridge Erector to set up a newly-increased beam section respectively in the left and right sides of current constructed beam section, and make Before and after described newly-increased beam section, two ends are respectively supported on two described support piers of current constructed beam section;
When step 4 lifting and removes, use described Lift-on/Lift-off System by current constructed beam section along indulging bridge to moving to The need do not removed in removed old beam are removed in beam section, or by current constructed beam section along vertically and horizontally moving to described newly-increased beam Duan Shang.
Remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on above-mentioned, it is characterized in that: overhead traveling crane described in step 3 It is attached by bearing pin between suspender and described suspension bracket;Each described suspension bracket and need to removing all pads between beam section equipped with M institute Stating backing plate, the surface of each described joist sections is provided with a backing plate, and each described backing plate all has two, left and right The through hole passed for vertical lifting piece installing respectively.
On above-mentioned across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge except and construction method of installation, it is characterized in that: suspension bracket described in step 3 by Three lifting frames laid from bottom to up are assembled, and the structure of three described lifting frames is the most identical and three is all laid in On same vertical plane;The I-steel that each described lifting frame is laid in same level by twice side by side is assembled, The structure of I-steel described in twice is the most identical with size and the two is parallel laying, and I-steel described in twice is respectively outside I-shaped Steel and be positioned at the inner side I-steel inside the I-steel of described outside;Three described lifting frames are all laid in level, described in three Lifting frame is respectively bottom support body, middle part support body and top support body from bottom to up, and the length of described bottom support body is more than middle part The length of support body, the length of described middle part support body is more than the length of top support body, and described middle part support body and top support body are respectively positioned on The surface of bottom support body;
Described middle part support body be divided into be positioned at the middle part support body sections immediately below the support body of top and two lay respectively at described in The sidepiece support body sections of the support body sections left and right sides, portion;Between described top support body and described middle part support body sections and bottom support body It is fastenedly connected by the many groups of middle part spirals laid from left to right, often organizes described middle part spiral and all include two The middle part spiral symmetrically laid, two described middle part spirals are respectively middle part outside screw reinforcing bar and are positioned at described Inside middle portion spiral inside the outside screw reinforcing bar of middle part, described top support body and described middle part support body sections and lower cage It is fastenedly connected by described middle part outside screw reinforcing bar between described outside I-steel in body, described top support body and institute State and carried out tightly by described inside middle portion spiral between the described inner side I-steel in middle part support body sections and bottom support body It is solidly connected;All open on the upper lower wing plate of the described I-steel in described top support body, described middle part support body sections and bottom support body There is the through hole passed for middle part spiral;Described middle part spiral is in vertically to laying;
By the many groups of side thread reinforcing bars laid from left to right between each described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body It is fastenedly connected, often organizes described side thread reinforcing bar and all include two side thread reinforcing bars symmetrically laid, described in two Side thread reinforcing bar respectively sidepiece outside screw reinforcing bar and be positioned at spiral shell inside the sidepiece inside described sidepiece outside screw reinforcing bar Stricture of vagina reinforcing bar, by described sidepiece outside screw steel between the described outside I-steel in described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body Muscle is fastenedly connected, by described sidepiece between the described inner side I-steel in described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body Side spiral is fastenedly connected;On the upper lower wing plate of the described I-steel in described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body all Have the through hole passed for side thread reinforcing bar;Described side thread reinforcing bar is in vertically to laying.
Remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on above-mentioned, it is characterized in that: each described middle part screw-thread steel The left and right sides of muscle is provided with ribbed stiffener in the middle part of in the of one, and described in twice, middle part ribbed stiffener is symmetrically laid and both is in vertically To laying;Described top support body, described middle part support body sections and bottom support body are positioned at work described in same vertical plane Shang tri-road It is fastenedly connected by described middle part ribbed stiffener between word steel and is integrated;
The left and right sides of each described side thread reinforcing bar is provided with one sidepiece ribbed stiffener, and sidepiece described in twice is put more energy into Rib is symmetrically laid and both is in vertically to laying;Described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body are positioned on same vertical plane Twice described in be fastenedly connected by described sidepiece ribbed stiffener between I-steel and be integrated.
Remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on above-mentioned, it is characterized in that: support body top, described top sets Being equipped with multiple upper junction steel plate, the quantity of described upper junction steel plate is identical with the group number of middle part spiral, multiple described upper companies Connect the installation position of steel plate respectively with the installation position one_to_one corresponding of middle part spiral;Described upper junction steel plate is strip steel Plate and its two ends are respectively welded and are fixed in the support body of top on the upper flange of I-steel described in twice, described upper junction steel plate interior Outer both sides all have an installing hole installed for middle part spiral;
Support body top, described middle part is provided with on multiple middle junction steel plate, the quantity of described middle junction steel plate and middle part support body The group number of filled side thread reinforcing bar is identical, the installation position of multiple described middle junction steel plates respectively with institute on the support body of described middle part The installation position one_to_one corresponding of dress side thread reinforcing bar;Described middle junction steel plate is elongate steel plate and its two ends are respectively welded solid In the middle part of being scheduled in support body on the upper flange of I-steel described in twice, all have one inside and outside described middle junction steel plate for side The installing hole that portion's spiral is installed;
It is provided with bottom the support body of described bottom on multiple lower junction steel plate, the quantity of described lower junction steel plate and bottom support body In the middle part of being filled, spiral is identical with the group number sum of side thread reinforcing bar, and the installation position of multiple described lower junction steel plates is respectively With filled on the support body of described bottom in the middle part of the installation position one_to_one corresponding of spiral and side thread reinforcing bar;Described lower connection steel Plate is elongate steel plate and its two ends are respectively welded and are fixed in the support body of bottom on the lower wing plate of I-steel described in twice, described under One is all had for middle part spiral or the installing hole of side thread reinforcement installation inside and outside junction steel plate;
The upper end of described middle part spiral and side thread reinforcing bar is respectively arranged with upper limit nut, described middle part spiral On the upper limit nut that filled be installed in above junction steel plate, the upper limit nut that described side thread reinforcing bar is filled is installed in Above middle junction steel plate;
The upper end of described middle part spiral and side thread reinforcing bar is respectively arranged with lower position nut, described middle part spiral Stop nut held with side thread reinforcing bar is all installed in below lower junction steel plate;
Described upper limit nut and lower junction steel plate are all laid in level.
Remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on above-mentioned, it is characterized in that: adjacent two described reinforcing bars mix It is attached by wet seam between solidifying soil T beam;It is provided with multiple tracks diaphragm plate bottom the top board of M described RC T-beam, Diaphragm plate described in multiple tracks is laid from front to back along the longitudinal length that need to remove beam section, and multiple described diaphragm plates are all along needing dismounting The transverse width direction of beam section is laid;It is positioned at all holes for hoist composition front end hole for hoist group that need to remove beam section front end, position Rear end hole for hoist group, described front end hole for hoist group and described rear end hole for hoist is formed in all holes for hoist that need to remove beam section rear end Group is symmetrically laid.
Remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on above-mentioned, it is characterized in that: vertical lifting described in step 3 Piece installing is fining twisted steel, is provided with bottom stop nut bottom described fining twisted steel, and described bottom stop nut is level Lay and it is installed in below joist sections, each described joist sections all has two, left and right and wears for vertical lifting piece installing respectively The through hole crossed.
The present invention compared with prior art has the advantage that
1, construction method step is simple, reasonable in design and easy construction, puts into construction cost relatively low.
2, using effect is good, and to existing railway Influence to operation minimum, security risk is minimum, quality of finished bridge is the most guaranteed, and And the wasting of resources can be avoided to greatest extent, reduce construction cost.Meanwhile, railway skylight main points are few, and construction speed is fast and constructs Cycle is short, and the plant equipment used is few, thus administration fee can be greatly reduced and use and machinery Meteorological.
3, the Lift-on/Lift-off System simple in construction used and processing and fabricating are easy, and input cost is relatively low.
4, the Lift-on/Lift-off System reasonable in design used, including Bridge Erector, former and later two are laid in respectively and need to remove beam Suspension bracket above section rear and front end and former and later two be respectively supported at the lower joist need to removed bottom beam section rear and front end, each hang The underface of frame is provided with a described lower joist;The vertical lifting of many groups is installed on each described suspension bracket the most from left to right Part, is fastened and fixed suspension bracket and lower joist in the both sides up and down that need to remove beam section by the vertical lifting piece installing of many groups.Use Bridge Erector Match with two suspension brackets and lift.
5, the hanger structure used is simple and processing and fabricating is easy, and input cost is relatively low, and reasonable in design, steady Gu and bearing capacity is strong, assembled by three lifting frames laid from bottom to up, the structure of three lifting frames is the most identical And three is all laid on same vertical plane;Each lifting frame is laid in the I-steel in same level side by side by twice Assembled, and between three lifting frames by spiral in the middle part of many groups and many group side thread reinforcing bars be fastenedly connected into Integrally, good integrity, connect reliable.Meanwhile, the suspension bracket used uses easy and simple to handle, easy to connect with suspender, using effect Getting well and practical value is high, length is more smaller than the transverse width that need to remove beam section, and practice of construction is easy, the beam section can removed whole assembling and dismantling Carrying out integral hoisting, hoisting process is steady, and can meet different in width and need to remove whole group of lifting demand of beam section.
6, the vertical lifting package structure used is simple, reasonable in design and processing and fabricating is easy, using effect is good, puts into into This is relatively low, and this vertical lifting piece installing uses fining twisted steel (also referred to as finish rolling deformed bar), can easy, quickly realize suspension bracket and subiculum Being fastenedly connected between beam, makes suspension bracket and lower joist be fastened and fixed in the both sides up and down that need to remove beam section, with to removing beam section Carry out fastening clamp, it is ensured that hoisting process is steady.
7, the Lift-on/Lift-off System using effect used is good and practical value high, the beam section that whole assembling and dismantling remove can be carried out entirety and hang Dress, hoisting process is steady, safety, and bearing capacity can meet whole assembling and dismantling except the lifting demand of beam section.Meanwhile, Bridge Erector is used to enter Row lifting, can easy, quickly carry out direction across bridge and vertical bridge to translation to beam section need to be removed.
8, using effect is good and practical value is high, on across busy existing railway line bridge construction vertical skylight point main points Many, the vertical skylight point time is short and cannot give continuously point, working procedure intersect many, organize and coordinate that difficulty is big, security risk is high Feature, by whole assembling and dismantling except and installation Lift-on/Lift-off System is designed, employing can on across the most wired bridge Dan Zu great Tonnage, large volume component carry out whole assembling and dismantling except with install Lift-on/Lift-off System construct, efficiency of construction can be effectively improved, shortening is executed In the work cycle, reducing construction cost, and work progress is safe and reliable, construction risk is the least, and economic benefit and social benefit show Write.
In sum, the inventive method step is simple, reasonable in design and easy construction, using effect are good, can be easy, quickly Complete the whole assembling and dismantling across the most wired bridge to remove and installation process, and work progress be safe and reliable, short construction period, Economical and practical.
Below by drawings and Examples, technical scheme is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the method flow block diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 1-1 is the lifting view of the present invention.
Fig. 1-2 is two suspension brackets of the present invention and the installation position schematic diagram of two lower joists.
Fig. 2 is suspension bracket of the present invention, lower joist and the installation position schematic diagram that need to remove beam section.
Fig. 2-1 is the structural representation of suspension bracket of the present invention.
Fig. 2-2 is the side portion structure schematic diagram of suspension bracket of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is lifted the structural representation that need to remove beam section by the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1 bottom support body;Support body in the middle part of in the of 2;3 top support bodys;
Spiral in the middle part of in the of 4;5 side thread reinforcing bars;Ribbed stiffener in the middle part of in the of 6;
7 sidepiece ribbed stiffeners;Junction steel plate on 8;Junction steel plate in 9;
10 times junction steel plates;11 upper limit nuts;12 lower position nuts;
13 pin-and-holes;14 need to remove beam section;15 RC T-beam;
16 vertical lifting piece installings;17 holes for hoist;18 joist sections;
Stop nut bottom 19;20 wet seams;21 diaphragm plates;
22 upper fixed seats;Seat is fixed in 23;24 lower fixed seats;
25 upper limit nuts;26 backing plates;27 Bridge Erectors;
28 bearing pins;Servant hole on 29.
Detailed description of the invention
Remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge in one as shown in Figure 1, from front to back to being removed Old beam multiple need to remove beam section 14 carry out respectively whole assembling and dismantling except and installation, multiple described whole assembling and dismantling that need to remove beam section 14 Except the most identical with construction method of installation;Being removed old beam is the bridge main beam crossing over existing railway line, is removed old beam by multiple Described beam section 14 of need to removing is the most assembled, and multiple described structures that need to remove beam section 14 are the most identical and it is reinforcing bar Concrete Beam Segment, described beam section 14 of need to removing is assemblied to form from left to right by M RC T-beam 15, and wherein M is positive integer And M >=3;Described need to remove beam section 14 before and after two ends be respectively supported on a support pier, described need to remove in beam section 14 all It is equipped with bridge deck pavement;To need to remove any one described beam section 14 carry out whole assembling and dismantling except with installation time, including following step Rapid:
Step one, bridge deck pavement milling: the described bridge deck pavement in current constructed beam section is carried out milling;
Described current constructed beam section is currently to carry out whole assembling and dismantling except the need dismounting beam section 14 with installation;
Step 2, beam section support top: before and after below current constructed beam section, on two described support piers, lay one respectively Vertical ejection device of group, often organizes described vertical ejection device and all includes that M is laid in same vertical plane from left to right along direction across bridge On described vertical ejection device, be provided with bottom two ends before and after each described RC T-beam 15 one described perpendicular To an ejection device;Synchronize, by current constructed beam section level upwards support top, to make current by vertical ejection device described in two groups again Constructed beam section is separated with two described support piers;
Preparation before step 3, lifting: lay a suspension bracket respectively above two ends before and after current constructed beam section, And a described lower joist is laid respectively in the underface of two described suspension brackets, two described lower joists are respectively supported at currently Before and after constructed beam section bottom two ends;Two described suspension brackets are lifted on respectively the frame being set up in advance on removed old beam again Before and after bridge machine 27 immediately below two overhead traveling cranes, 27, two described suspension brackets of described Bridge Erector and two described lower joist composition liftings System, refers to Fig. 1-1, Fig. 1-2, Fig. 2, Fig. 2-1 and Fig. 2-2;
Two described suspension brackets and two described lower joists are all laid along the transverse width direction of current constructed beam section, Two described suspension brackets are symmetrically laid, and two described lower joists are symmetrically laid;Install the most from left to right on each described suspension bracket There are the vertical lifting piece installing 16 that M described RC T-beam 15 is lifted by M group respectively, the described vertical lifting piece installing 16 of many groups All it is laid on same vertical plane;Often organize described vertical lifting piece installing 16 all include left and right two described vertical lifting piece installings 16, two Described vertical lifting piece installing 16 lays respectively at the web left and right sides of lifted RC T-beam 15, described vertical lifting piece installing 16 Top is fixed on described suspension bracket;In each described RC T-beam 15, the two ends of top board all have two respectively for vertical The hole for hoist 17 that lifting part 16 passes, as shown in Figure 3;Described lower joist is divided into M the joist sections 18, M laid from left to right The structure of individual described joist sections 18 is the most identical with size, is provided with bottom the web of each described RC T-beam 15 One described joist sections 18, described joist sections 18 is laid along the transverse width direction that need to remove beam section 14;Often organize institute State the bottom of two described vertical lifting piece installings 16 in vertical lifting piece installing 16 to be all fixedly mounted on same described joist sections 18;
Step 4, lift and remove: use described Bridge Erector 27 current constructed beam section level upwards to be lifted, and ought Front constructed beam section moves to outside two described support piers;
After step 5, replacing, beam section is installed: use Lift-on/Lift-off System described in step 3 to lift beam section after changing, and After making described replacing, before and after beam section, two ends are respectively supported in step 4 on two described support piers;
After described replacing, beam section is the beam section being replaced current construction beam section;Use described Lift-on/Lift-off System to described When after replacing, beam section lifts, two described suspension brackets are laid in after described replacing before and after beam section above two ends respectively, two Described lower joist is respectively supported at after described replacing before and after beam section bottom two ends;After described replacing, before and after beam section, two ends are all opened There is 2M the vertical through holes passed respectively for vertical lifting piece installing 16;
Step 6, the next whole assembling and dismantling of beam section remove and installation: according to the method described in step one to step 5, right Removed the next one of old beam need to remove beam section 14 carry out whole assembling and dismantling except and installation;
Step 7, one or many repeat step 6, until completing all in removed old beam to remove the whole of beam section 14 Assembling and dismantling remove and installation process.
In the present embodiment, Bridge Erector 27 described in step 3 is double guide beam bridge erecting machine.
Time actually used, described Bridge Erector 27 can also use other type of conventional Bridge Erector.Described Bridge Erector 27 is right Need to remove beam section 14 and carry out the hanging device of level lifting, two described suspension brackets are lifted on two skies before and after Bridge Erector 27 respectively The underface of car.
In the present embodiment, before and after described Bridge Erector 27 supporting leg be respectively supported at two of current constructed beam section described in prop up On support pier.
As it is shown on figure 3, before carrying out beam section support top in step 2, first in current constructed beam section, each described reinforcing bar mixes Before and after solidifying soil T beam 15, two ends are respectively cut a upper servant hole 29;When step 2 carries out beam section support top, completed by cutting Upper servant hole 29 below current constructed beam section before and after lay one group of vertical support top respectively on two described support piers and fill Put;
Each described vertical ejection device all includes two the vertical jack in left and right, and two described vertical jack symmetries are propped up Supportting in the web left and right sides of a described RC T-beam 15, the top of two described vertical jack is propped up respectively and is withstood on Below the top board left and right sides of RC T-beam 15.
Wherein, described upper servant hole 29 is the manhole upper and lower for workmen.Described RC T-beam 15 also referred to as steel The T-shaped beam of reinforced concrete, T-shaped beam refers to that cross-sectional form is T-shaped beam.In the present embodiment, described joist sections 18 is I-steel.
In the present embodiment, before step 2 carries out beam section support top, also need to use described Bridge Erector (27) currently being executed The left and right sides of work beam section sets up a newly-increased beam section respectively, and two ends are respectively supported at currently before and after making described newly-increased beam section On two described support piers of constructed beam section;
When step 4 lifting and removes, use described Lift-on/Lift-off System by current constructed beam section along indulging bridge to moving to The need do not removed in removed old beam are removed in beam section 14, or current constructed beam section is described newly-increased along vertically and horizontally moving to In beam section.
In the present embodiment, it is attached by bearing pin 28 between suspender and the described suspension bracket of overhead traveling crane described in step 3;Often Individual described suspension bracket and need to removing all pads between beam section 14 equipped with M described backing plate 26, the surface of each described joist sections 18 It is provided with a backing plate 26, each described backing plate 26 all has two, left and right respectively for leading to that vertical lifting piece installing 16 passes Hole.
In the present embodiment, described backing plate 26 is the rubber mat plate laid in level.
In the present embodiment, suspension bracket described in step 3 is assembled by three lifting frames laid from bottom to up, three The structure of described lifting frame is the most identical and three is all laid on same vertical plane;Each described lifting frame is by twice also The I-steel that is located in same level of arrangement is assembled, the structure of I-steel described in twice the most identical with size and the two in Parallel laying, I-steel described in twice is respectively outside I-steel and is positioned at the inner side I-steel inside the I-steel of described outside; Three described lifting frames are all laid in level, and three described lifting frames are respectively bottom support body 1, middle part support body from bottom to up 2 and top support body 3, the length of described bottom support body 1 is more than the length of middle part support body 2, and the length of described middle part support body 2 is more than upper The length of portion's support body 3, described middle part support body 2 and top support body 3 are respectively positioned on the surface of bottom support body 1;
Described middle part support body 2 be divided into be positioned at the middle part support body sections immediately below top support body 3 and two lay respectively at described The sidepiece support body sections of the support body sections left and right sides, middle part;Described top support body 3 and described middle part support body sections and bottom support body 1 Between be fastenedly connected by the many groups of middle part spirals 4 laid from left to right, often organize described middle part spiral 4 and all wrap Include two middle part spirals 4 symmetrically laid, two described middle part spirals 4 be respectively middle part outside screw reinforcing bars and It is positioned at the inside middle portion spiral inside the outside screw reinforcing bar of described middle part, described top support body 3 and described middle part support body joint It is fastenedly connected by described middle part outside screw reinforcing bar between described outside I-steel in section and bottom support body 1, described By described inside middle portion between described inner side I-steel in top support body 3 and described middle part support body sections and bottom support body 1 Spiral is fastenedly connected;Described I-steel in described top support body 3, described middle part support body sections and bottom support body 1 Upper lower wing plate on all have the through hole passed for middle part spiral 4;Described middle part spiral 4 is in vertically to laying;
All by the many groups of side thread steel laid from left to right between each described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body 1 Muscle 5 is fastenedly connected, and often organizes described side thread reinforcing bar 5 and all includes two side thread reinforcing bars 5 symmetrically laid, and two Individual described side thread reinforcing bar 5 respectively sidepiece outside screw reinforcing bar and be positioned at the sidepiece inside described sidepiece outside screw reinforcing bar Inside thread reinforcing bar, by outside described sidepiece between the described outside I-steel in described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body 1 Side spiral is fastenedly connected, and passes through between the described inner side I-steel in described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body 1 Described sidepiece inside thread reinforcing bar is fastenedly connected;Described I-steel in described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body 1 The through hole passed for side thread reinforcing bar 5 is all had on upper lower wing plate;Described side thread reinforcing bar 5 is in vertically to laying.
In the present embodiment, the left and right sides of each described middle part spiral 4 is provided with ribbed stiffener 6 in the middle part of in the of one, and two Middle part ribbed stiffener 6 described in road symmetrically lays and both in vertical to laying;Described top support body 3, described middle part support body save Section and bottom support body 1 are being connected by the fastening of described middle part ribbed stiffener 6 between I-steel described in same vertical plane Shang tri-road Connect and be integrated;
The left and right sides of each described side thread reinforcing bar 5 is provided with one sidepiece ribbed stiffener 7, and sidepiece described in twice adds Strength rib 7 is symmetrically laid and both is in vertically to laying;Described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body 1 are positioned at same vertically It is fastenedly connected by described sidepiece ribbed stiffener 7 between I-steel described in twice on face and is integrated.
Actual add man-hour, described middle part ribbed stiffener 6 and sidepiece ribbed stiffener 7 be elongate steel plate and the two and I-steel it Between be all fixedly connected with welding manner.
In the present embodiment, support body 3 top, described top is provided with multiple upper junction steel plate 8, the number of described upper junction steel plate 8 Measure identical with the group number of middle part spiral 4, the installation position of multiple described upper junction steel plates 8 respectively with middle part spiral 4 Installation position one_to_one corresponding;Described upper junction steel plate 8 is respectively welded is fixed on top support body 3 for elongate steel plate and its two ends On the upper flange of I-steel described in middle twice, all have one inside and outside described upper junction steel plate 8 for middle part spiral 4 The installing hole installed;
Support body 2 top, described middle part is provided with multiple middle junction steel plate 9, the quantity of described middle junction steel plate 9 and middle part frame On body 2, the group number of filled side thread reinforcing bar 5 is identical, the installation position of multiple described middle junction steel plates 9 respectively with described middle part The installation position one_to_one corresponding of filled side thread reinforcing bar 5 on support body 2;Described middle junction steel plate 9 be elongate steel plate and its two End is respectively welded and is fixed in the support body 2 of middle part on the upper flange of I-steel described in twice, inside and outside the two of described middle junction steel plate 9 Side all has an installing hole installed for side thread reinforcing bar 5;
Multiple lower junction steel plate 10, the quantity of described lower junction steel plate 10 and bottom it is provided with bottom described bottom support body 1 In the middle part of being filled on support body 1, spiral 4 is identical with the group number sum of side thread reinforcing bar 5, multiple described lower junction steel plates 10 Installation position respectively with described bottom support body 1 on filled in the middle part of the installation position one a pair of spiral 4 and side thread reinforcing bar 5 Should;Described lower junction steel plate 10 is respectively welded for elongate steel plate and its two ends and is fixed on I-shaped described in twice in bottom support body 1 On the lower wing plate of steel, all have one inside and outside described lower junction steel plate 10 for middle part spiral 4 or side thread steel The installing hole that muscle 5 is installed.
Further, described upper junction steel plate 8, middle junction steel plate 9 and lower junction steel plate 10 all in level lay and three all with The perpendicular laying of described I-steel.
In the present embodiment, the upper end of described middle part spiral 4 and side thread reinforcing bar 5 is respectively arranged with upper limit nut 11, The upper limit nut 11 filled on described middle part spiral 4 is installed in above junction steel plate 8, described side thread reinforcing bar 5 The upper limit nut 11 filled is installed in above middle junction steel plate 9;
The upper end of described middle part spiral 4 and side thread reinforcing bar 5 is respectively arranged with lower position nut 12, described middle part screw thread Reinforcing bar 4 and the held stop nut of side thread reinforcing bar 5 12 are all installed in below lower junction steel plate 10;
Described upper limit nut 11 and lower junction steel plate 10 are all laid in level.
In the present embodiment, the middle part of described top support body 3 has the pin-and-hole 13 installed for bearing pin.
In the present embodiment, described in be positioned in the middle part of top support body 3 all middle parts spiral 4 in left side and form left portion screw thread Reinforcing bar group, described in be positioned in the middle part of top support body 3 all middle parts spiral 4 on right side and form right middle spiral group, described Left portion spiral group and described right middle spiral group are symmetrically laid;
It is positioned at many groups on the left of top support body 3 described side thread reinforcing bars 5 and forms left side spiral group, be positioned at top Many groups of described side thread reinforcing bars 5 on the right side of support body 3 form right side spiral group, described left side spiral group and institute State right side spiral group symmetrically to lay.
In the present embodiment, the group number of described middle part spiral 4 is 4 groups, filled side thread steel on described middle part support body 2 The group number of muscle 5 is 4 groups.
Actual add man-hour, can according to specific needs the group number of middle part spiral 4 and side thread reinforcing bar 5 be entered respectively Row is corresponding to be adjusted.
In the present embodiment, as it is shown on figure 3, carried out by wet seam 20 between adjacent two described RC T-beam 15 Connect;Being provided with multiple tracks diaphragm plate 21 bottom the top board of M described RC T-beam 15, diaphragm plate 21 described in multiple tracks is along needing The longitudinal length removing beam section 14 is laid from front to back, and multiple described diaphragm plates 21 are all along removing the laterally wide of beam section 14 Degree direction is laid;It is positioned at and need to remove all holes for hoist 17 of beam section 14 front end and form front end hole for hoist group, be positioned at and need to remove All holes for hoist 17 of beam section 14 rear end form rear end hole for hoist group, described front end hole for hoist group and described rear end hole for hoist group in Symmetrical laying.
Further, the diaphragm plate 21 being positioned at front side in multiple described diaphragm plates 21 is front side diaphragm plate, multiple described tabulas The diaphragm plate 21 being positioned at rear side in plate 21 is rear side diaphragm plate, before described front end hole for hoist group is positioned at described front side diaphragm plate Side, described rear end hole for hoist group is positioned at the rear side of described rear side diaphragm plate.
In the present embodiment, vertical lifting piece installing described in step 3 16 is fining twisted steel (i.e. finish rolling deformed bar), described Being provided with bottom stop nut 19 bottom fining twisted steel, described bottom stop nut 19 lays in level and it is installed in joist Below sections 18, each described joist sections 18 all has the through hole that two, left and right passes for vertical lifting piece installing 16 respectively.
In the present embodiment, described M=5.
Time actually used, according to the quantity of RC T-beam 15 in beam section 14 need to be removed, the value size of M can be carried out Corresponding adjustment.
In the present embodiment, vertical lifting piece installing 16 described in 5 groups is respectively one group of first vertical lifting piece installing, two groups of symmetries are laid The 3rd vertical lifting piece installing that second vertical lifting piece installing and two groups of symmetries are laid, the first vertical lifting piece installing described in a group be positioned at described in hang In the middle part of frame, the second vertical lifting piece installing described in two groups is respectively positioned on described in two groups between the 3rd vertical lifting piece installing.
Described first vertical lifting piece installing top is fixed on top support body 3, and the top of described top support body 3 is provided with confession The upper fixed seat 22 that described first vertical lifting piece installing is fixing, fixed seat 22 has and wears for described first vertical lifting piece installing The through hole crossed;
Described second vertical lifting piece installing top is fixed on the support body 2 of middle part, and the top of described middle part support body 2 is provided with for institute State the second vertical lifting piece installing fixing in fix seat 23, described in fix to have on seat 23 and pass for described second vertical lifting piece installing Through hole;
Described 3rd vertical lifting piece installing top is fixed on bottom support body 1, and the top of described bottom support body 1 is provided with for institute State the lower fixed seat 24 that the 3rd vertical lifting piece installing is fixing, described lower fixed seat 24 has and passes for described 3rd vertical lifting piece installing Through hole;
The upper end of described first vertical lifting piece installing, described second vertical lifting piece installing and described 3rd vertical lifting piece installing is respectively arranged with Upper limit nut 25, the upper limit nut 25 that described first vertical lifting piece installing is filled is installed on above upper fixed seat 22, The upper limit nut 25 filled in described second vertical lifting piece installing is fixed above seat 23 in being installed on, and the described 3rd vertically lifts The upper limit nut 25 filled on part is installed on above lower fixed seat 24.
In the present embodiment, the described a length of 17.2m that need to remove beam section 14, width 10.9m, highly 1.3m and its deadweight are 138t, after in step one, bridge deck pavement milling completes, and after upper servant hole 29 has been offered, described beam section 14 of need to removing Weight reduction, total load head controls within 130t.Used Bridge Erector 27 " steps on peak for Nanjing, Jiangsu Province Deng Feng hoisting machinery factory Board " double guide beam bridge erecting machine, rated load weight 150t and its largest span 40m.Described Bridge Erector 27 can meet described replacing simultaneously Rear beam section and the load requirements of newly-increased beam section.
In the present embodiment, a length of 10.6m of described suspension bracket middle and lower part support body 1, a length of 5.6m of middle part support body 2, on The a length of 2.2m of portion's support body 3, and described bottom support body 1, middle part support body 2 and top support body 3 all use 2 I40 I-steel.
Described bottom support body 1, middle part support body 2 and top support body 3 all use batten plate to connect between I-steel described in twice, Neighbouring two described lifting frames use full weld, are more vertically mechanically connected with the fining twisted steel of a diameter of Φ 25mm Integral.Steel pin (i.e. bearing pin 28) is used to be connected between described suspension bracket and the suspender of Bridge Erector 27.Time actually used, described joist Sections 18 can also use two, and [20B channel-section steel double back of the body full weld forms, a length of 50cm of described joist sections 18.Actual carry out During lifting, between five described joist sections 18 and described suspension bracket, vertically connect into entirety by five groups of fining twisted steels.Five groups Fining twisted steel all uses double nut (also referred to as double nut) to tighten, it is ensured that uniform force.
In the present embodiment, Bridge Erector 27 is used to set up a newly-increased beam section respectively in the left and right sides of current constructed beam section Time, described newly-increased beam section is 30m box beam, the most left 13, right 14, and described newly-increased beam section is that whole assembling and dismantling are except displacement creation Advantage.
In the present embodiment, bridge deck pavement upper berth described in step one is equipped with carrying out deck paving in supercrust, step one During layer milling, artificial employing milling equipment carries out milling respectively to described supercrust and described bridge deck pavement.Further, milling is executed Work is carried out outside " skylight point ".During practice of construction, first with road cutting machine, described supercrust and described bridge deck pavement are carried out Cutting, then use small-sized hydraulic disintegrating machine and pneumatic pick to remove, manually concrete breaking block and waste residue material are collected, removed, load Handbarrow is transported to outside bridge floor, then concentrates loading dump truck outward transport to throw aside with loader.
After described bridge deck pavement cuts, first lead to removing sideline, region bullet with the line of ink marker, use diamond blade saw to cut Cut the upper servant hole 29 of beam-ends.After completing servant hole 29 cutting, truck crane is used to be hung by the flange plate cutting people's cavity portion It is transported to throw aside outside the venue.By upper servant hole 29, manufactured described suspension bracket is seated to precalculated position again, then by operative Flat formula jack, to bearing pad stone front end, utilizes beam-ends flat formula jack to synchronize current constructed beam section jack-up, and releasing is worked as The block constraint of front constructed beam section both sides.Subsequently, corning machine is used to offer hole for hoist 17, bore diameter at T Liang Yibanchu 100mm, hole distance of positions beam-ends 1m, web two side holes column pitch 0.5m.
Further, before step 2 carries out beam section support top, also need to separate carrying out cutting with adjacent need dismounting beam section 14, And current constructed beam section 14 is carried out cutting with the support pier supported below separate.
Before step 4 using described Bridge Erector 27 current constructed beam section level upwards lifted, first hang tight described in hang Frame, and make two equal uniform force of described suspension bracket.Two overhead traveling cranes of described Bridge Erector 27 synchronize slowly at the uniform velocity to promote, and treat end cross-arm When bottom rises to about 20cm above existing bridge floor, Bridge Erector 27 suspends lifting 1 minute, more traversing Bridge Erector 27 is to being lifted Beam section is placed.
Current constructed beam section is moved to the outer rear flank of two described support piers by step 4, also needs current institute construction beam Duan Jinhang crushes and uses carrying cart to transport.
When step 5 is replaced the installation of rear beam section, uses two 80t truck cranes to coordinate and be manually replaced rear beam section Installation, dismounting limit, limit is changed, and makes old bridge removal and new erection the most alternately.Before after described replacing, beam section is installed, Must assure that enough erection spatial field positions, after can first changing, beam section is temporarily stored in and completes the newly-increased of erection In beam section or on the old beam do not removed.
During practice of construction, in " hang down and stop skylight point ", carry out whole assembling and dismantling several times and remove and installation, until completing Removed all whole assembling and dismantling that need to remove beam section 14 in old beam to remove and installation process.Meanwhile, two 80t truck cranes are used to join Close lifting displacement, then by removing on whole group of roadbed being transferred to nearby beyond bridge location of beam section 14, take mechanical dissection to disintegrate, enter The broken outward transport of row is thrown aside.
The above, be only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not impose any restrictions the present invention, every according to the present invention Any simple modification, change and the equivalent structure change that above example is made by technical spirit, all still falls within skill of the present invention In the protection domain of art scheme.

Claims (10)

1. on one kind across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge except and construction method of installation, it is characterised in that: from front to back to removed old Beam multiple need to remove beam section (14) carry out respectively whole assembling and dismantling except and installation, multiple described need to remove beam section (14) whole groups Remove the most identical with construction method of installation;Being removed old beam is the bridge main beam crossing over existing railway line, is removed old beam by many Individual described beam section (14) of need to removing is the most assembled, and multiple described structures that need to remove beam section (14) are the most identical and it is equal For armored concrete beam section, described beam section (14) of need to removing is assemblied to form from left to right by M RC T-beam (15), its Middle M is positive integer and M >=3;Described need to remove beam section (14) before and after two ends be respectively supported on a support pier, described need are torn open Except being all equipped with bridge deck pavement in beam section (14);Whole assembling and dismantling are carried out except executing with installation to beam section (14) need to be removed any one described In man-hour, comprise the following steps:
Step one, bridge deck pavement milling: the described bridge deck pavement in current constructed beam section is carried out milling;
Described current constructed beam section is currently to carry out whole assembling and dismantling except need dismounting beam section (14) with installation;
Step 2, beam section support top: lay one group respectively on two described support piers before and after below current constructed beam section and erect To an ejection device, often organize described vertical ejection device and all include that M is laid on same vertical plane from left to right along direction across bridge Described vertical ejection device, be provided with bottom two ends before and after each described RC T-beam (15) one described vertically Prop up ejection device;Synchronize, by current constructed beam section level upwards support top, to make current institute by vertical ejection device described in two groups again Construction beam section is separated with two described support piers;
Preparation before step 3, lifting: lay a suspension bracket before and after current constructed beam section above two ends respectively, and The underface of two described suspension brackets lays a described lower joist respectively, and two described lower joists are respectively supported at and are currently constructed Before and after beam section bottom two ends;Two described suspension brackets are lifted on respectively the Bridge Erector being set up in advance on removed old beam again (27) before and after immediately below two overhead traveling cranes, described Bridge Erector (27), two described suspension brackets and two described lower joist composition liftings System;
Two described suspension brackets and two described lower joists are all laid along the transverse width direction of current constructed beam section, two Described suspension bracket is symmetrically laid, and two described lower joists are symmetrically laid;On each described suspension bracket, M group is installed the most from left to right The vertical lifting piece installing (16) respectively M described RC T-beam (15) lifted, the described vertical lifting piece installing (16) of many groups All it is laid on same vertical plane;Often organize described vertical lifting piece installing (16) and all include two the described vertical lifting piece installings (16) in left and right, Two described vertical lifting piece installings (16) lay respectively at the web left and right sides of lifted RC T-beam (15), described vertically Lifting part (16) top is fixed on described suspension bracket;In each described RC T-beam (15), the two ends of top board all have two The individual hole for hoist (17) passed for vertical lifting piece installing (16) respectively;Described lower joist is divided into M the joist joint laid from left to right Section (18), the structure of M described joist sections (18) is the most identical with size, the web of each described RC T-beam (15) Bottom is provided with a described joist sections (18), and described joist sections (18) is along the transverse width side that need to remove beam section (14) To laying;Often organize the bottom of two described vertical lifting piece installings (16) in described vertical lifting piece installing (16) and be all fixedly mounted on same On one described joist sections (18);
Step 4, lift and remove: use described Bridge Erector (27) current construct beam section level upwards to be lifted, and general is currently Constructed beam section moves to outside two described support piers;
After step 5, replacing, beam section is installed: uses Lift-on/Lift-off System described in step 3 to lift beam section after changing, and makes institute After stating replacing, before and after beam section, two ends are respectively supported in step 4 on two described support piers;
After described replacing, beam section is the beam section being replaced current construction beam section;Use described Lift-on/Lift-off System to described replacing When rear beam section lifts, two described suspension brackets are laid in after described replacing before and after beam section above two ends respectively, described in two Lower joist is respectively supported at after described replacing before and after beam section bottom two ends;After described replacing, before and after beam section, two ends all have 2M The individual vertical through holes passed for vertical lifting piece installing (16) respectively;
Step 6, the next whole assembling and dismantling of beam section remove and installation: according to the method described in step one to step 5, to being torn open Except the next one of old beam need to remove beam section (14) carry out whole assembling and dismantling except and installation;
Step 7, one or many repeat step 6, until completing all need to remove beam section (14) whole groups in removed old beam Remove and installation process.
2. remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: step Bridge Erector described in three (27) is double guide beam bridge erecting machine;Before and after described Bridge Erector (27), supporting leg is respectively supported at and is currently constructed On two described support piers of beam section.
3. remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: Before step 2 carries out beam section support top, first in current constructed beam section before and after each described RC T-beam (15) Two ends are respectively cut a upper servant hole (29);When step 2 carries out beam section support top, the upper servant hole completed by cutting (29) lay one group respectively on two described support piers before and after below current constructed beam section and vertically prop up ejection device;
Each described vertical ejection device all includes two the vertical jack in left and right, and two described vertical jack symmetries are supported in The web left and right sides of one described RC T-beam (15), the top of two described vertical jack is propped up respectively and is withstood on steel Below the top board left and right sides of reinforced concrete T beam (15).
4. remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: Before step 2 carries out beam section support top, also need to use described Bridge Erector (27) in the left and right sides of current constructed beam section respectively Set up a newly-increased beam section, and make described in two ends before and after described newly-increased beam section are respectively supported at two of current constructed beam section On support pier;
When step 4 lifting and removes, use described Lift-on/Lift-off System by current constructed beam section along indulging bridge to moving to now Removed the need do not removed in old beam to remove in beam section (14), or by current constructed beam section along vertically and horizontally moving to described newly-increased beam Duan Shang.
5. remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: It is attached by bearing pin (28) between suspender and the described suspension bracket of overhead traveling crane described in step 3;Each described suspension bracket with need remove All padding between beam section (14) equipped with M described backing plate (26), the surface of each described joist sections (18) is provided with one Backing plate (26), each described backing plate (26) all has the through hole that two, left and right passes for vertical lifting piece installing (16) respectively.
6. remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: Suspension bracket described in step 3 is assembled by three lifting frames laid from bottom to up, and the structure of three described lifting frames is equal Identical and three is all laid on same vertical plane;Each described lifting frame is laid in same level side by side by twice I-steel assembled, the structure of I-steel described in twice is the most identical with size and the two is parallel laying, work described in twice Word steel is respectively outside I-steel and is positioned at the inner side I-steel inside the I-steel of described outside;Three described lifting frames all in Level is laid, and three described lifting frames are respectively bottom support body (1), middle part support body (2) and top support body (3) from bottom to up, The length of described bottom support body (1) is more than top support body more than the length of middle part support body (2), the length at described middle part support body (2) (3) length, described middle part support body (2) and top support body (3) are respectively positioned on the surface of bottom support body (1);
Described middle part support body (2) be divided into be positioned at the middle part support body sections immediately below top support body (3) and two lay respectively at described The sidepiece support body sections of the support body sections left and right sides, middle part;Described top support body (3) and described middle part support body sections and lower cage It is fastenedly connected by the many groups of middle part spirals (4) laid from left to right between body (1), often organizes described middle part screw-thread steel Muscle (4) all includes that two middle part spirals (4) symmetrically laid, two described middle parts spiral (4) are respectively middle part Outside screw reinforcing bar and be positioned at the inside middle portion spiral inside the outside screw reinforcing bar of described middle part, described top support body (3) And by described middle part outside screw reinforcing bar between the described outside I-steel in described middle part support body sections and bottom support body (1) It is fastenedly connected, described top support body (3) and the described inner side I-steel in described middle part support body sections and bottom support body (1) Between be fastenedly connected by described inside middle portion spiral;Described top support body (3), described middle part support body sections and under The through hole passed for middle part spiral (4) is all had on the upper lower wing plate of the described I-steel in portion's support body (1);Described middle part Spiral (4) is in vertically to laying;
By the many groups of side thread reinforcing bars laid from left to right between each described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body (1) (5) it is fastenedly connected, often organizes described side thread reinforcing bar (5) and all include two side thread reinforcing bars (5) symmetrically laid, Two described side thread reinforcing bars (5) are respectively sidepiece outside screw reinforcing bar and are positioned at inside described sidepiece outside screw reinforcing bar Sidepiece inside thread reinforcing bar, by described between the described outside I-steel in described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body (1) Sidepiece outside screw reinforcing bar is fastenedly connected, described sidepiece support body sections and the described inner side I-steel in bottom support body (1) Between be fastenedly connected by described sidepiece inside thread reinforcing bar;Institute in described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body (1) State and on the upper lower wing plate of I-steel, all have the through hole passed for side thread reinforcing bar (5);Described side thread reinforcing bar (5) is in perpendicular Straight to laying.
7. remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on described in claim 6, it is characterised in that: each The left and right sides at described middle part spiral (4) is provided with ribbed stiffener in the middle part of in the of one (6), middle part ribbed stiffener (6) described in twice Symmetrically lay and both is in vertically to laying;Described top support body (3), described middle part support body sections and bottom support body (1) In be fastenedly connected be integrated by described middle part ribbed stiffener (6) between I-steel described in same vertical plane Shang tri-road;
The left and right sides of each described side thread reinforcing bar (5) is provided with one sidepiece ribbed stiffener (7), and sidepiece described in twice adds Strength rib (7) is symmetrically laid and both is in vertically to laying;Described sidepiece support body sections and bottom support body (1) are positioned at same It is fastenedly connected by described sidepiece ribbed stiffener (7) between I-steel described in twice on vertical plane and is integrated.
8. remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on described in claim 6, it is characterised in that: described Top support body (3) top is provided with multiple upper junction steel plate (8), the quantity of described upper junction steel plate (8) and middle part spiral (4) group number is identical, the installation position of multiple described upper junction steel plates (8) respectively with the installation position of middle part spiral (4) One_to_one corresponding;Described upper junction steel plate (8) is elongate steel plate and its two ends are respectively welded and are fixed on twice in top support body (3) On the upper flange of described I-steel, all have one inside and outside described upper junction steel plate (8) for middle part spiral (4) peace The installing hole of dress;
Support body (2) top, described middle part is provided with multiple middle junction steel plate (9), the quantity of described middle junction steel plate (9) and middle part On support body (2), the group number of filled side thread reinforcing bar (5) is identical, the installation position of multiple described middle junction steel plates (9) respectively with The installation position one_to_one corresponding of filled side thread reinforcing bar (5) on described middle part support body (2);Described middle junction steel plate (9) is for long Bar steel plate and its two ends are respectively welded and are fixed in middle part support body (2) on the upper flange of I-steel described in twice, described middle company Connect and inside and outside steel plate (9), all have an installing hole installed for side thread reinforcing bar (5);
Bottom, described bottom support body (1) is provided with multiple lower junction steel plate (10), the quantity of described lower junction steel plate (10) with under In the middle part of being filled on portion's support body (1), spiral (4) is identical with the group number sum of side thread reinforcing bar (5), multiple described lower connections The installation position of steel plate (10) respectively with described bottom support body (1) on filled in the middle part of spiral (4) and side thread reinforcing bar (5) Installation position one_to_one corresponding;Described lower junction steel plate (10) is elongate steel plate and its two ends are respectively welded and are fixed on lower cage In body (1) on the lower wing plate of I-steel described in twice, all have one inside and outside described lower junction steel plate (10) for middle part The installing hole that spiral (4) or side thread reinforcing bar (5) are installed;
The upper end of described middle part spiral (4) and side thread reinforcing bar (5) is respectively arranged with upper limit nut (11), described middle part spiral shell The upper limit nut (11) filled on stricture of vagina reinforcing bar (4) is installed in junction steel plate (8) top, described side thread reinforcing bar (5) institute The upper limit nut (11) of dress is installed in middle junction steel plate (9) top;
The upper end of described middle part spiral (4) and side thread reinforcing bar (5) is respectively arranged with lower position nut (12), described middle part spiral shell Stricture of vagina reinforcing bar (4) and side thread reinforcing bar (5) held stop nut (12) are all installed in lower junction steel plate (10) lower section;
Described upper limit nut (11) and lower junction steel plate (10) are all laid in level.
9. remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: It is attached by wet seam (20) between adjacent two described RC T-beam (15);M described RC T-beam (15) being provided with multiple tracks diaphragm plate (21) bottom top board, diaphragm plate (21) described in multiple tracks is long along the longitudinal direction that need to remove beam section (14) Degree is laid from front to back, and multiple described diaphragm plates (21) all carry out cloth along the transverse width direction that need to remove beam section (14) If;It is positioned at all holes for hoist (17) composition front end hole for hoist group that need to remove beam section (14) front end, is positioned at and need to remove beam section (14) All holes for hoist (17) composition rear end hole for hoist group of rear end, described front end hole for hoist group and described rear end hole for hoist group are symmetrically Lay.
10. remove and construction method of installation across the whole assembling and dismantling of the most wired bridge on described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: Vertical lifting piece installing described in step 3 (16) is fining twisted steel, is provided with bottom stop nut bottom described fining twisted steel (19), described bottom stop nut (19) is laid in level and it is installed in joist sections (18) lower section, and each described joist saves The through hole that two, left and right passes respectively is all had for vertical lifting piece installing (16) in section (18).
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CN107747282A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-03-02 中铁十局集团第工程有限公司 On across both wired old bridge overall pulling down methods
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CN108487089A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-09-04 锦州铁道勘察设计院有限公司 A method of railroad bridge is removed and set up on hillside
CN108457207A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-08-28 中铁八局集团第二工程有限公司 Utilize the method for the vertical line multispan bridge beam body dismounting of even carrying on the business of Bridge Erector
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CN111155451A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-05-15 中铁十九局集团第六工程有限公司 Method for dismantling highway-span iron bridge
CN111535190A (en) * 2020-05-08 2020-08-14 安徽伟宏钢结构集团股份有限公司 Bridge mounting and dismounting construction method with high safety
CN112374358A (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-02-19 上海宝冶冶金工程有限公司 Method for replacing crane beam

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