CN106139430A - High-rise life saving, disaster relief system - Google Patents

High-rise life saving, disaster relief system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106139430A
CN106139430A CN201510136082.7A CN201510136082A CN106139430A CN 106139430 A CN106139430 A CN 106139430A CN 201510136082 A CN201510136082 A CN 201510136082A CN 106139430 A CN106139430 A CN 106139430A
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China
Prior art keywords
frame
rope
support frame
water tank
hinge
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CN201510136082.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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余荣增
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余荣增
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Priority to CN201510136082.7A priority Critical patent/CN106139430A/en
Publication of CN106139430A publication Critical patent/CN106139430A/en
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Abstract

A kind of high-rise life saving, disaster relief system, it is characterised in that: it is put rope device by being arranged on high building top and arranges the manned basket lowering or hoisting gear of the most matched use and form.Described puts rope device, and it is made up of mainframe parallel-moving type mechanism, extensile supporting device and rope jack.By counterweight water tank and the Worker carrying basket that is nested with at ordinary times in counterweight water tank be placed in casing outer the transport lowering or hoisting gear of front end, power supply box etc. and form on described ground.The equipment that disaster affected people is saved oneself, he rescues and assists fire fighter to rescue, puts out a fire is provided when present invention is mainly used for fire in high buildings.

Description

High-rise life saving, disaster relief system
Technical field
The present invention relates to firefighting security device field, specifically when fire in high buildings, it is provided that disaster affected people escape is saved oneself or he rescues And auxiliary fire fighter's rescue, a kind of high-rise life saving of fire extinguishing, disaster relief system.
Background technology
Fire, is the disaster caused in time or the most out of control burning.Along with developing rapidly of China's urban construction, High-rise or high-rise building gets more and more, and fire of high-rise building is the most in rising trend, recent decades, and fire-salvage specialist and scientific and technical personnel are It is continually striving to method and the escape disaster relief facility of the fire extinguishing of exploitation science, is reduced as far as the generation of fire especially fire in high buildings Injure with personnel, and manage to reduce and both get angry the harm of calamity.But escape apparatus material is of a great variety both at home and abroad, really can be used for high level Or high-rise building collective escape and Technical comparing is ripe and the equipment of existing use case does not but have, skyscraper fire extinguishing it may be said that It is global problem, develops series of new the most as early as possible, safe and efficient escape, relief device are that current high level is escaped Problem anxious to be resolved in life, disaster relief field.At present, device market being used for high-rise escape relief has the most several:
One, high-rise descending escape apparatus, it is made up of hook, rope, antivibrator, and hook is fixed on door, outside window metope in advance, Hang up antivibrator when needed to haul rope and be close to the slow ground of being down to of exterior wall and carry out escape.The limitation of this escape apparatus: 1, single household list People uses;2, the position that hook was originally fixed and position when catching fire and wind direction have uncertainty and may cause using;3、 Be close to exterior wall thus may scratch or be raised thing and hook even to be hung and cause danger in the air.
Two, abroad having Elevator high-rise escape relief device, it is to load onto track at high building exterior wall facade, and one tangles exterior wall throughout the year The elevator in face moves up and down implementation rescue, its weak point: 1, coverage rate is limited at wall face;2, cost is high;3, destruction is built Build beyond the region of objective existence to see.
Three, my existing patent, the patent No.: ZL 2,011 2 0074195.6 high-rise escape relief device, although this device gram Take above section defect, but still suffer from the circumscribed problems such as single and unidirectional use.
Therefore, for overcoming the defect of existing high-rise escape relief device, it is extended improving on the basis of my original patent, pushes away Go out a kind of people novel, safe efficient, many escape with auxiliary fire fighter directly rescue people, fire extinguishing, easy to operate high-rise life saving, Disaster relief system.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention aims to provide a kind of stabilized structure, the efficient high-rise life saving of the safety the most easy to operate with the disaster relief of escaping, rescues Calamity system.
Be the technical scheme is that by solving its technical problem
This high-rise life saving, disaster relief system, it is put rope device by being arranged on high building top and arranges the most matched use Lowering or hoisting gear forms.
Rope device is put at described high building top, and it is by making, along high building top surface, the mainframe parallel-moving type mechanism that moves horizontally and be placed on The in-house extensile supporting device of described mainframe parallel-moving type and rope jack composition.
A, described mainframe parallel-moving type mechanism are made up of two hollow beam of a vertical frame and one end connection fixed thereto, two hollow beam The other end is respectively provided with a spacing Reinforced Hoop, and is provided with the horizontal company of a connection two parallel hollow roof beam structure end in the bottom of spacing Reinforced Hoop The firm frame structure of bar composition, and connect and compose firm right angular triangular solids frame unit through one group of brace;Described Between vertical frame and brace, gap is provided with kentledge;Meanwhile, described vertical frame and cantilevered hollow beam frame roof The bottom of spacing Reinforced Hoop respectively by one be fixed on roof plane lay T font track, be fixed on along facade body of wall T font track on horizontal plane, and guide wheel group, the variable speed electric motors, particularly supporting with T font track, vertical frame constitute along two T The mainframe translation mechanism of font track displacement.
B, described extensible supporting device include that one end is the extensible U that opening string are enclosed within mainframe cantilevered hollow beam inner chamber The combination of shape framework, the falling type bracing frame arranged in inside and outside sleeving type being located in described extensible U-frame frame and a set of steel Silk haulage gear composition;Described falling type bracing frame combination is made up of inner support frame, outer support frame, one group of pull bar hinge, its In: the base of described outer support frame is one to be inserted simultaneously into mounting hole on the right and left cantilevered hollow beam and extensible U-frame frame Outer support frame rotary shaft in road;Described inner support frame in1M1Shape (it is connected that 1+M+1 adds the end), with tranverse connecting rod by bottom each point It is fixedly connected, is respectively inserted in a rope pulley, the most any monolateral one rope pulley of another increase among the right and left gap, top, and leads to The two ends crossing the hinge type rotary shaft and outer support frame top that are arranged on top are cascaded;The most described inside and outside bracing frame The position, nearly base of two groups of correspondence hypotenuses be respectively provided with one group of pull bar hinge and i.e. form falling type cone triangle support frame combination;Described Steel wire traction mechanism be made up of elevator motor, traction steel wire, separated time guide wheel group, elevator motor therein is fixed on vertical frame On, its traction steel wire drawn, by being arranged on the tranverse connecting rod of hollow beam end the separated time guide wheel group arranged, is connected respectively to On the wire fasteners of the extensible U-frame frame that string is enclosed within hollow beam, constitute the haulage gear of extensible U-frame frame;Described Extensible U-frame frame penetrate in the hack lever of hollow beam, be provided with rolling pulley and limit switch and have one section of kidney-shaped duct;Described The extensible exsertile crossbearer of U-frame frame on be additionally provided with turnover hinge shelf, fixed shelf and fixed angles turnover hinge;Described Turnover hinge shelf is arranged at below extensible U-frame frame extension crossbearer middle inside, and the both sides, inner side of turnover hinge shelf It is provided with traction stake to match with the perforate of inner support frame end bottom;Described fixed shelf is arranged at equidirectional the two of turnover hinge shelf Limit;Described fixed angles turnover hinge is arranged at the gap location between turnover hinge shelf and fixed shelf, fixed angles turnover hinge Hinge axis solid welding is inside fixed shelf on base, and fixed angles turnover hinge one head rest lives the bottom of turnover hinge shelf in the middle part of cross bar, Other end abuts in inner support frame end lateral surface;Bottom described inner support frame, two ends upwards one side is welded with and bends towards direction, tapering The right angle rest button of 90 degree, is inserted in one end of spacing pivoted arm in right angle rest button, the other end of spacing pivoted arm stretches out the outside of outer support frame Face 5mm~20mm, spacing pivoted arm vertical pivot is just welded in below outer support frame inner side limiting-position pivoted arm centre bore that (spacing pivoted arm can also be arranged Bottom with position);It is 60 °~85 ° with adjacent facade angle (α) that described inner support frame puts down rear, described The angle (β) of outer support frame and inner support frame is 30 °~70 °.
C, described rope relieving mechanism include the wiring on the rope pulley of inner support frame end bottom the right and left, rope and one group of brace Dish;Three, described rope, hangs its length direction doubling straddling until ground on the rope pulley at inner support frame top;Institute That states is placed on the brace that vertical frame is connected with hollow beam around cheese, plays suspension until the rope on ground with around cheese rolling Rope, reserves six fag ends and fastens ring sandbag and be placed on the turnover hinge shelf on extensible U-shaped framework bar medial surface;Institute Be additionally provided with on the extensible U-shaped framework bar lateral surface stated warning lamp, drive recorder and receiver of remote-control sytem two (increase insurance because of Element);Described high building top is put the overall outside of rope device and is additionally provided with rainproof and sun-proof bottom surface is unlimited cover body;Described Covering on top surface is provided with solar panel and is connected with accumulator with wire.
What the rope put down with high building top on the ground described in D supported the use and arranged in sleeving type at ordinary times has counterweight water tank, folding The distribution box that formula Worker carrying basket and the two set lowering or hoisting gears being arranged on counterweight water tank and counterweight water tank are externally provided with;Described counterweight The collapsible hanging basket being nested with in tank box, bottom its hanging basket, middle part, both sides is equipped with the rope spacing ring placing restrictions on hanging basket rope slip With hang on hanging basket limit in order to rescue the drag hook consolidating hanging basket when people operates;Two described set lowering or hoisting gears are the most a set of as manned hanging The lowering or hoisting gear of basket is successively by elevator motor, change speed gear box, form around cheese, and it is arranged at counterweight water tank front end central bottom depression Place, that stretches out has fixed mount to support its rotary shaft around the cheese other end, above described counterweight water tank outer container angle equipped with rope pulley with Around cheese with the use of;The described another set of lowering or hoisting gear of transport Rescue Kits that is used as in the case of hanging basket is in and takies is by rolling up Raising motor, securing member composition, it is arranged at face, counterweight water tank front, and the pulley in elevator motor bottom is nested with at counterweight water tank On equipped with track in, and can be the most movable, tighten carrying cable, the rope sheave on elevator motor shaft end by deadweight The rope that alignment high building top is put down;The outer two sides of described counterweight water tank are additionally provided with center of gravity transfer support;Described distribution box case Inside it be furnished with receiver of remote-control sytem, manual two-direction switch (standby), converter and circumscripted power line composition.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, high building top is put rope device and is powered without building;Utilize solar energy to charge for accumulator, under any circumstance, can ensure Put rope device normally to work.
2, location is correct;Manipulated remote controller by ground staff, make variable speed electric motors, particularly drive put rope device and move left and right, be accurately positioned in behaviour The position of control personnel required release rope, it is simple to survivor's escape and fire fighter's disaster relief, can also resetting when needing.
3, do not limited by story height, broad covered area;This high building top is put rope device and is arranged on high building roof edge wall, high building Putting down the length of rope the most exactly, just can escape and the disaster relief in the place having rope to cover, be particularly suited for fire control aerial ladder vehicle the most not The super-high storied building arrived.
4, quick;One presses remote controller, rope drops to ground in one minute from hundred meters of height, the rope that puts down be high-storey and ground it Between air line distance, without appoint be escape or rescue, be mostly optimal distance and shortest time.
5, safety;Owing to taking a risk, stair climbing hard enters the scene of a fire again, substantially increases the safety of fireman, lifting dress Put employing hanging basket form, it is possible to decrease the probably height of escape and rescuer at heart, hanging basket keep certain distance with wall face, will not be empty The ridges such as tune tangle and cause danger, put rope gravity block employing ring sandbag, are i.e. to pound the number of people also will not cause injury.
6, easy to operate;Put counterweight water tank on ground well and install hanging basket, the most controllable remote controller precision lift hanging basket, fire fighter Can directly carry fire water to carry after hanging basket rises to fix fire hose near ignition point, notify that ground staff opens water source operation and goes out Fire, escape personnel can implement simultaneously escape, due to need not stair climbing the most hard, significantly alleviate the working strength of fireman, also add The dynamics of fast rescue and the disaster relief largely alleviates the loss of fire.
7, double set backup equipment are more reliable;Putting rope device uses two set receivers of remote-control sytem, the standby a set of manual control of ground rise or fall to fall along opening Close, hanging basket occupied time, use the upper and lower transport channel of Article 2.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure and the operating diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 be the present invention put rope device structural representation;
Fig. 3 be on ground of the present invention counterweight water tank and hang indigo plant etc. schematic diagram;
In figure:
1-vertical frame 2-hollow beam 3-accumulator 4-separated time guide wheel group 5-rope pulley 6-elevator motor 7-leads Draw steel wire 8-to limit around cheese 9-waist-shaped hole road 10-limit switch 11-rolling pulley 12-retaining pivoted arm 13- Position Reinforced Hoop 14-securing member 15-tranverse connecting rod 16-brace 17-drive recorder 18-outer support frame 19- Extensible U-shaped framework 20-fixed shelf 21-receiver of remote-control sytem 22-warning lamp 23-turnover hinge shelf 24- Traction stake 25-outer support frame rotary shaft 26-fixed angles turnover hinge 27-hinge type rotary shaft 28-inner support frame The anti-rest button 32-kentledge 33-rope spacing ring 34-counterweight water tank 35-that hangs down of 29-pull bar hinge 30-rope 31- Drag hook 36-spacing pivoted arm 37-spacing pivoted arm vertical pivot 38-right angle rest button 39-ring sandbag 40-hanging basket 41- Remote switch 42-variable speed electric motors, particularly 43-guide wheel group 44-track 45-change speed gear box 46-distribution box 47-manual control is suitable Switch 48-power line 49-cover body 50-solar panel 51-center of gravity transfer support 52-water tank water filling port 53-tank lid 54-converter
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings 1~Fig. 3 and embodiment the invention will be further described.
This high-rise life saving, disaster relief system, it is put rope device by being arranged on high building top and arranges the most matched use Lowering or hoisting gear two major part composition.
Rope device is put at this high building top, and it is by making, along high building top surface, the mainframe parallel-moving type mechanism that moves horizontally and be placed on institute State extensile supporting device and the rope jack composition of mainframe parallel-moving type mechanism.
A, described mainframe parallel-moving type mechanism are made up of two hollow beam 2 of a vertical frame 1 and one end connection fixed thereto, two hollows The other end of beam 2 is respectively provided with a spacing Reinforced Hoop 13, and is provided with a connection two parallel hollow beam 2 in the bottom of spacing Reinforced Hoop 13 The firm frame structure of tranverse connecting rod 15 composition of end, and connect and compose firm right angular triangular solids frame through one group of brace 16 Frame assembly;Between described vertical frame 1 and brace 16, gap is provided with kentledge 32;Meanwhile, described vertical frame The T that roof horizontal plane is laid is fixed on, by one, respectively in the bottom of frame 1 and the spacing Reinforced Hoop of cantilevered hollow beam 2 frame roof 13 Font track 44, the T font track 44 being fixed on along facade body of wall horizontal plane, and with T font track 44, The supporting guide wheel group 43 of vertical frame 1, variable speed electric motors, particularly 42 constitute the mainframe translation mechanism along two T font track 44 displacements.
B, described extensible supporting device include one end be opening and go here and there be enclosed within the extensible of mainframe cantilevered hollow beam 2 inner chamber U-frame frame 19, the falling type bracing frame arranged in inside and outside sleeving type being located in described extensible U-frame frame 19 combination and A set of steel wire traction mechanism forms;Described falling type bracing frame combination is by inner support frame 28,18, one group of pull bar hinge of outer support frame Chain 29, the anti-rest button 31 that hangs down are constituted;Wherein, the base of described outer support frame 18 is one to be inserted simultaneously in the right and left cantilevered Outer support frame rotary shaft 25 in kidney-shaped duct 9 on empty beam 2 and extensible U-frame frame 19;Described inner support frame 28 in1M1 Shape (it is connected that 1+M+1 adds the end), each point is fixedly connected by bottom tranverse connecting rod 15, and top is respectively inserted in one among the right and left gap Rope pulley 5, any of which one rope pulley 5 of monolateral another increase, and by being arranged on a hinge type rotary shaft 27 at top with outer The two ends at bracing frame 18 top are cascaded;The position, nearly base of two groups of correspondence hypotenuses of the most described interior outer support frame is respectively provided with One group of pull bar hinge 29, i.e. forms falling type cone triangle support frame combination, when interior outer support frame draws in, pull bar hinge 29 axle One hold anti-its with the anti-rest button 31 that hangs down and hang down;Described steel wire traction mechanism is by elevator motor 6, traction steel wire 7, separated time Guide wheel group 4 is constituted, and elevator motor 6 therein is fixed on vertical frame 1, it traction steel wire 7 drawn is by being arranged on The separated time guide wheel group 4 arranged on the tranverse connecting rod 15 of hollow beam 2 end, point is separately connected to go here and there the extensible U being enclosed within hollow beam 2 On the wire fasteners 14 of shape framework 19, constitute the haulage gear of extensible U-frame frame 19;Described extensible U-frame frame Have one section of kidney-shaped duct 9 on 19 hack levers penetrating hollow beam 2, be provided with rolling pulley 11 and limit switch 10;Described can It is additionally provided with turnover hinge shelf 23, fixed shelf 20 and fixed angles on the crossbearer of the exsertile framework stretching U-frame frame 19 to turn over Turning hinge chain 26;Described turnover hinge shelf 23 is arranged at below extensible U-frame frame 19 extension crossbearer middle inside, and turns over The both sides, inner side of turning hinge chain shelf 23 are provided with traction stake 24 and the perforate with inner support frame 28 end matches;Described fixed shelf The 20 equidirectional both sides being arranged at turnover hinge shelf 23, fixed angles turnover hinge 26 is arranged at turnover hinge shelf 23 with solid Determining the gap location between shelf 20, the hinge axis solid welding of fixed angles turnover hinge 26 is on fixed shelf 20 base, and fixed angles is turned over Turning hinge chain 26 1 head rest lives the bottom of turnover hinge shelf 23 in the middle part of cross bar, and other end abuts in inner support frame 28 end lateral surface; Bottom described inner support frame 28, two ends upwards one side is welded with the right angle rest button 38 bending 90 degree towards direction, tapering, right angle rest button 38 Inside being inserted in one end of spacing pivoted arm 36, the other end of spacing pivoted arm 36 stretches out lateral surface 5mm~20mm of outer support frame 18, limit Position pivoted arm vertical pivot 37 is just welded in below outer support frame 18 inner side limiting-position pivoted arm 36 centre bore;Described inner support frame 28 put down after with Adjacent facade angle (α) is 60 °~85 °, and the angle (β) of outer support frame 18 and inner support frame 28 is 30 °~70 °.
C, described rope 30 jack include the rope pulley 5 of the right and left, rope 30 and around cheese 8;Described rope 30 3 Root, by its length direction doubling and straddle inner support frame 28 top rope pulley 5 on hang until ground;Described around cheese 8 are placed on the brace 16 that vertical frame 1 is connected with hollow beam 2, play suspension until the rope on ground with around cheese 8 rolling Rope 30, reserves six fag ends and fastens the turnover hinge that ring sandbag 39 is placed on extensible U-frame frame 19 cross bar medial surface and put On plate 23;It is additionally provided with warning lamp 22, drive recorder 17 and remote control on described extensible U-frame frame 19 cross bar lateral surface Receptor 21 2 (increases insurance factor);The outside that rope device is put overall in described high building top is additionally provided with rainproof and sun-proof Bottom surface is unlimited cover body 49;Described cover body 49 top surface is provided with solar panel 50 and with power line 48 and electric power storage Pond 3 is connected.
The rope 30 put down with high building top on ground described in D support the use and at ordinary times in sleeving type arrange have counterweight water tank 34, The distribution box that collapsible Worker carrying basket 40 and the two set lowering or hoisting gears being arranged on counterweight water tank 34 and counterweight water tank 34 are externally provided with 47;The collapsible hanging basket 40 being nested with in described counterweight water tank 34 casing, bottom its hanging basket 40, middle part, both sides is equipped with placing restrictions on What hanging basket rope 30 slided restricts spacing ring 33 and hangs on hanging basket 40 limit in order to rescue the drag hook 35 consolidating hanging basket 40 when people operates; Two described set lowering or hoisting gears, the most a set of lowering or hoisting gear as Worker carrying basket 40, it is arranged in the middle of counterweight water tank 34 front end At bottom notch, the most successively by elevator motor 6, change speed gear box 45, form around cheese 8, stretch out around cheese 8 other end Fixed mount is had to support its rotary shaft;Described is another set of in the case of hanging basket 40 is in and takies, and is used as the liter of transport Rescue Kits Falling unit is made up of elevator motor 6, securing member 14, and it is arranged at side, counterweight water tank 34 front end, fills bottom elevator motor 6 Have pulley be nested with on counterweight water tank 34 equipped with track 44 in, and can be freely up and down movable in track 44, tighten by deadweight Carrying cable 30, the rope 30 that the rope sheave alignment high building top on elevator motor shaft end is put down;Described counterweight water tank 34 outer container Above angle equipped with rope pulley 5 with around cheese 8 with the use of;The described outer two sides of counterweight water tank 34 are additionally provided with center of gravity transfer support51;Receiver of remote-control sytem 21, manual two-direction switch 46 (standby), converter 54 and external electricity it is furnished with in described distribution box 47 casees Source line 48 forms.
The work process of above-mentioned escape relief device is as follows:
When fire occurs, ground staff, according to the condition of a fire, manipulates remote switch 41, presses left or right walking key, makes cantilevered height roof The overall walking on T font track 44 of rope device is put in portion, selects and determine the optimum position of release rope 30.
When position is chosen, pressing remote switch 41 when putting rope 30 key, elevator motor 6 draws traction steel wire 7 in, in being arranged on Wire fasteners 14 in the separated time guide wheel group 4 arranged on the tranverse connecting rod 15 at empty beam 2 top and extensible U-shaped framework 19, makes In traction stake 24 on the turnover hinge shelf 23 of extensible U-shaped framework 19 and end in tow, outer support frame is together to external wall Direction, face removes, bottom outer support frame 18 on outer support frame rotary shaft 25 encounter and pass through retaining pivoted arm 12 and make it freely fall Descending and pin support arm rotary shaft 25, Tong Bu carry out with this action also has;It is arranged on spacing turn on the nearly bottom of outer support frame 18 Solid welding is encountered when the spacing Reinforced Hoop 13 of hollow beam 2 opening in one end of arm 36, and spacing pivoted arm 36 just erects around spacing pivoted arm Axle 37 rotates, and the most spacing pivoted arm 36 other end skids off from right angle rest button 38, the inner support frame hung by right angle rest button 38 Come off bottom 28, be fixed between interior outer support frame the pull bar hinge 29 closed up and open support under the effect that inner support frame 28 is conducted oneself with dignity Directly, inner support frame 28 top is fulcrum around hinge type rotary shaft 27, and opposite direction tilts, and originally leans against inner support frame 28 end The fixed angles turnover hinge 26 of portion's lateral surface slips without dependence, again due to original upset held by fixed angles turnover hinge 26 Hinge shelf 23 turns over, together with ring sandbag 39 with rope 30 landing.
Along with elevator motor 6 continues to draw traction steel wire 7 in, the extensible U-shaped framework 19 in cantilever mechanism continues to move out, outward in tow The landing from fixed shelf 20 of bracing frame 18 top, now, outer support frame 18, inner support frame 28 and pull bar hinge 29 are being built Building wall face to be formed and firmly bore triangular support, the limited switch of elevator motor 6 10 quits work after cutting off the electricity supply simultaneously, bamboo Joint sandbag 39 continues landing with rope 30 until ground.
On described ground matched also have two set lowering or hoisting gears, counterweight water tank 34 is provided with around cheese 8 one towards Outside high building vertical and the right and left rope pulley 5 and be directed at the rope 30 put down, open tank lid 53 and take out and be nested with at counterweight water tank 34 In hanging basket 40, will hang indigo plant 40 also facing high building alien invasion, bottom hanging basket 40, the rope spacing ring 33 of both sides is shelved on counterweight The top of the anterior rope pulley 5 of water tank 34, takes off suspension until the ring sandbag 39 on ground, and during left and right respectively takes closely, a fag end (is restricted Markedness on head) it is fixed on top, hanging basket 40 two ends, another two fag ends embed the rope spacing ring bottom near along the both sides of hanging basket 40 After in 33, tension is further around fixing after the rope pulley 5 crossed on hanging basket 40 bottom weight water tank 34 both sides and being wrapped on cheese 8, Open counterweight water tank 34 outer two sides center of gravity transfer support 51, cover tank lid 53 fire water and water tank water filling port 52 is filled pressure Carry water.
The described another set of standby lowering or hoisting gear being used as transport Rescue Kits, is wound on elevator electricity with the 3rd rope 30 put down On rope sheave on 6, machine, elevator motor 6 is raised to peak in track 44, locks two fag ends with securing member 14, put down volume Raise motor 6, tighten carrying cable 30 by deadweight, form Article 2 and transport emergency access (standby) up and down.
Take out power line 48 and connect civilian (220v) power supply, make manned elevator motor 6 forward and backward drive hanging basket by remote switch 41 40 upper and lower operations or manipulate standby lowering or hoisting gear, it is achieved thereby that escape, the purpose of the disaster relief.
The whole work process of this high-rise life saving in sum, disaster relief system is as follows:
1, manipulated remote switch 41 by ground staff, make high building top put the left and right walking of rope device and be properly positioned;
2, manipulated remote switch 41 by ground staff, make outer support frame 18, inner support frame 28 and pull bar hinge 29 at external wall Constitute cone triangular support so that hanging basket rope 30 from cone triangular support top landing to ground and keeps one with building exterior wall face Set a distance;
3, counterweight water tank 34 is placed under the rope 30 of landing, opens tank lid 53 and take out hanging basket 40;
4, taking off ring sandbag 39, each for the rope about 30 put down head is fixed on hanging basket 40 top, other end embeds rope In spacing ring 33, tension is wound around and is fixed on cheese 8 after walking around rope pulley 5;
5, open center of gravity transfer support 51, cover tank lid 53, with fire water, water tank water filling port 52 is filled ballast water.
6, manipulated remote switch 41 by ground staff, make elevator motor 6 forward and backward manned under counterweight water tank 34 drive and hang The upper and lower operation of basket 40;
7, the hanging basket 40 that survivor is multiplied by can directly be escaped;
8, fire fighter brings hydrant to be multiplied by hanging basket 40 enters room and fixes hydrant, notifies that ground staff opens water source Operation fire extinguishing;
9, in the case of hanging basket 40 is in and takies, the another set of standby lowering or hoisting gear being used as transport Rescue Kits is utilized to mix again Securing member 14, helps fireman to carry fire-fighting equipment and disaster relief article;
One skilled in the art would recognize that above-mentioned detailed description of the invention is exemplary, be to make people in the art Member can be better understood from this patent content, should not be understood as the restriction to this patent protection domain, as long as according to this patent Any equivalent that disclosed spirit is made changes or modifies, and each falls within this patent protection domain.

Claims (5)

1. a high-rise life saving, disaster relief system, it is characterised in that: it is put matched on rope device and ground making by high building top Lowering or hoisting gear composition.
Rope device is put at high building top the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is moved by can make level along high building top Dynamic mainframe translation mechanism and the extensile supporting device and rope 30 jack that are placed on described mainframe translation mechanism Composition;
A, described mainframe parallel-moving type mechanism is characterized in that: it is by the connection fixed thereto of a vertical frame (1) and one end Two hollow beam (2) form, and the other end of two hollow beam (2) is respectively provided with a spacing Reinforced Hoop (13), and in spacing Reinforced Hoop (13) Bottom be provided with tranverse connecting rod (15) the firm frame structure of composition in connection two parallel hollow beam (2) frame end portion, and through one group of brace (16) firm right angular triangular solids frame unit is connected and composed;Between described vertical frame (1) and brace (16) Gap is provided with kentledge (32);Meanwhile, described vertical frame (1) and the tranverse connecting rod (15) of cantilevered hollow beam (2) framework The track (44) that roof plane is laid, the track being fixed on along facade body of wall horizontal plane are fixed on by one respectively in bottom And guide wheel group (43), the variable speed electric motors, particularly (42) supporting with track (44), vertical frame (1) is constituted along two tracks (44) (44) the mainframe parallel-moving type mechanism of displacement.
B, described extensile supporting device is characterized in that: it includes that one end is opening, and string is enclosed within mainframe cantilevered The extensible U-shaped framework (19) of empty beam (2) inner chamber, be located in described extensible U-shaped framework (19) in inside and outside sleeving type The falling type cone triangular framing support combinations arranged and a set of steel wire traction mechanism composition;Described falling type cone triangle frame Frame support combinations is made up of outer support frame (18), inner support frame (28), pull bar hinge (29), the anti-rest button (31) that hangs down;Wherein, The base of described outer support frame (18) is one to be inserted simultaneously into the right and left cantilevered hollow beam (2) and extensible U-shaped framework (19) Outer support frame rotary shaft (25) in upper kidney-shaped duct (9);Described inner support frame (28) is by being arranged on two hypotenuse ends The both sides at a hinge type rotary shaft (27) and outer support frame (18) top be serially connected;The most described interior outer support frame The position, nearly base of two groups of correspondence hypotenuses is respectively provided with one group of pull bar hinge (29) and the anti-rest button (31) that hangs down;Described steel wire traction machine Structure is made up of elevator motor (6), traction steel wire (7), separated time guide wheel group (16), and elevator motor (6) therein is fixed on vertical On formula framework (1), it traction steel wire (7) drawn is arranged by the tranverse connecting rod (15) being arranged on hollow beam (2) end is upper Separated time guide wheel group (16), be connected respectively to the extensible U-shaped framework (19) that string is enclosed within hollow beam (2) steel wire fastening On part (14), constitute the drawing mechanism of extensible U-shaped framework (19);Two ends, described inner support frame (28) bottom upwards one Face is welded with the right angle rest button (38) bending 90 degree towards direction, tapering, is inserted in one end of spacing pivoted arm (36) in right angle rest button (38), limit The other end of position pivoted arm (36) stretches out lateral surface 5mm~20mm of outer support frame (18), and spacing pivoted arm vertical pivot (37) is with regard to solid welding outside Below bracing frame (18) inner side limiting-position pivoted arm (36) centre bore the bottom of same position (the spacing pivoted arm can also arrange);Described stretches Turnover hinge shelf (23), fixed shelf (20) and fixed angles upset hinge it is additionally provided with on exhibition U-frame frame (19) exsertile crossbearer Chain (26);Described turnover hinge shelf (23) is arranged at below extensible U-frame frame (19) extension crossbearer middle inside, and The both sides, inner side of turnover hinge shelf (23) are provided with traction stake (24);Described traction stake (24) and inner support frame (28) end bottom Perforate matches;Described fixed shelf (20) is arranged at the equidirectional both sides of turnover hinge shelf (23);Described fixed angles upset hinge Chain (26) is arranged at the gap location between turnover hinge shelf (23) and fixed shelf (20), the hinge of fixed angles turnover hinge (26) Axle solid welding is on base, fixed shelf (20) inner side, and fixed angles turnover hinge (26) head rest lives the bottom of turnover hinge shelf (23), Other end abuts in inner support frame (28) end lateral surface.
C, described rope jack is characterized in that: it includes interior outer support frame, rope pulley (5), rope (30) and wiring Dish (8);(30) three, described rope, by its length direction doubling and to straddle three of inner support frame (28) top ropes sliding Wheel (5) is upper to be hung until ground;Described play suspension around cheese (8) rolling until ground with being placed on brace (16) Rope (30) after reserve six fag ends and fasten ring sandbag (39) and be placed on extensible U-frame frame (19) cross bar medial surface On turnover hinge shelf (23) on;Be additionally provided with on described extensible U-frame frame (19) cross bar lateral surface warning lamp (22), Drive recorder (17) and receiver of remote-control sytem (21) two (increasing insurance factor).
Rope device is put at high building top the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: it is whole that rope device is put at described high building top The outside of body has a rainproof cover body (49) to cover thereon;Described solar panel (50) is arranged on cover body (49) top, electricity consumption Source line (48) is connected with accumulator (3).
Extensile supporting device the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described inner support frame (28) is with adjacent Facade angle (α) be 60 °~85 °, the angle (β) of described outer support frame (18) and inner support frame (28) It it is 30 °~70 °.
Lowering or hoisting gear the most according to claim 1 is characterized in that: it is by the water tank of counterweight ballast and is placed on water tank On manned basket lowering or hoisting gear and transport lowering or hoisting gear composition:
A, the water tank of described counterweight ballast is characterized in that: be equipped with folding load in described counterweight water tank (34) casing People's hanging basket (40), bottom it, both sides are equipped with placing restrictions on rope spacing ring (33) that hanging basket rope (30) slides and hanging over hanging basket (40) In order to rescue the drag hook (35) consolidating hanging basket (40) when people operates on limit;The upper boiled water tank of described counterweight water tank (34) tank lid (53) Water filling port (52);Described counterweight water tank (34) outward, with the right and left above cheese (8) external part equidirectional case angle equipped with Rope pulley (5) with around cheese (8) with the use of;It is furnished with control in being additionally provided with distribution box (46) and case outside described counterweight water tank (34) The receiver of remote-control sytem (21) that hanging basket processed (40) lifts, manual two-direction switch (47) (standby), converter (54) and power line (48) Composition;The outer two sides of described counterweight water tank are additionally provided with center of gravity transfer support (51).
B, described manned basket lowering or hoisting gear is characterized in that: it include being fixed in counterweight water tank (34) before at bottom notch and from The elevator motor (6) that is the most outwards sequentially connected, change speed gear box (45), around cheese (8);Described has fixed mount around cheese (8) external part Support its rotary shaft.
C, described transport lowering or hoisting gear is characterized in that: it includes elevator motor (6), securing member (14), and it is arranged at counterweight Water tank (34) side, front end, the pulley on elevator motor (6) bottom be nested with on counterweight water tank (34) equipped with track (44) in, and Can be freely up and down movable in track (44), tighten carrying cable (30) by deadweight, the rope sheave alignment on elevator motor (6) axle head The rope (30) that high building top is put down.
CN201510136082.7A 2015-03-26 2015-03-26 High-rise life saving, disaster relief system Pending CN106139430A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510136082.7A CN106139430A (en) 2015-03-26 2015-03-26 High-rise life saving, disaster relief system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510136082.7A CN106139430A (en) 2015-03-26 2015-03-26 High-rise life saving, disaster relief system

Publications (1)

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CN106139430A true CN106139430A (en) 2016-11-23

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CN106429886A (en) * 2016-12-04 2017-02-22 宁秀芬 High-altitude fast rescuing robot
CN107351845A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-11-17 中建空列(北京)科技有限公司 One kind hangs empty iron roof evacuation platform system
CN108211182A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-06-29 佛山尉达科技有限公司 Fire fighting truck
CN111830214A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-10-27 杨秀霞 Monitoring equipment for atmospheric pollution treatment

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CN106429886A (en) * 2016-12-04 2017-02-22 宁秀芬 High-altitude fast rescuing robot
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CN107351845A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-11-17 中建空列(北京)科技有限公司 One kind hangs empty iron roof evacuation platform system
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CN108211182A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-06-29 佛山尉达科技有限公司 Fire fighting truck
CN111830214A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-10-27 杨秀霞 Monitoring equipment for atmospheric pollution treatment

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Application publication date: 20161123