CN105959382A - Intelligent movement monitoring device and monitoring method - Google Patents

Intelligent movement monitoring device and monitoring method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105959382A
CN105959382A CN201610394106.3A CN201610394106A CN105959382A CN 105959382 A CN105959382 A CN 105959382A CN 201610394106 A CN201610394106 A CN 201610394106A CN 105959382 A CN105959382 A CN 105959382A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
moving target
micro
monitoring
information
location
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CN201610394106.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105959382B (en
Inventor
金诺
金一诺
张晸暐
何润宇
何至伟
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上海论宇信息科技有限公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • H04W4/023Services making use of location information using mutual or relative location information between multiple location based services [LBS] targets or of distance thresholds
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • H04W4/025Services making use of location information using location based information parameters
    • H04W4/027Services making use of location information using location based information parameters using movement velocity, acceleration information
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • H04W4/029Location-based management or tracking services
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W64/00Locating users or terminals or network equipment for network management purposes, e.g. mobility management
    • H04W64/003Locating users or terminals or network equipment for network management purposes, e.g. mobility management locating network equipment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W64/00Locating users or terminals or network equipment for network management purposes, e.g. mobility management
    • H04W64/006Locating users or terminals or network equipment for network management purposes, e.g. mobility management with additional information processing, e.g. for direction or speed determination

Abstract

The invention relates to an intelligent movement monitoring device and a monitoring method. The device monitors the movement state of a movement target in a sport field through the positioning and communication technology and sends a movement state as a feedback. The device comprises a positioning label used for positioning the movement target, a micro base station group which is installed in the sport field and is used for obtaining the position information of the positioning label, a switch for receiving position information, a control computer which is used for processing, calculating and carrying out statistical analysis of the position information and obtaining the movement information of the movement target, and a mobile terminal for receiving and displaying the movement information. The method comprises the steps that the control computer calibrates and describes the map of the sport field and stores the map, the positioning label moves the movement target in a time period that the movement target moves, the control computer calculates and carries out the statistical analysis of the movement information of the movement target, and the mobile terminal receives and displays the movement information the movement target. Compared with the prior art, the monitoring device and the monitoring method have the advantages of simple system, low cost, and high positioning precision.

Description

A kind of smart motion monitoring device and monitoring method

Technical field

The motion monitoring field that the present invention relates to, particularly relates to the method and apparatus of motion monitoring in sports center.

Background technology

Along with the universal of sports and the development of Intelligent hardware, infrared by utilizing in the race of a lot of high-end specialty The methods such as thermal imaging or human assistance statistics are monitored statistics to athletic kinestate, then by monitoring number According to being analyzed, improve sports level, or give the more intuitive data statistics of media audience.But due to device system System complexity is relatively costly cannot be popularized in most of races or amateur sports fan.Art methods needs big Amount fund hardware puts into and safeguards, it is impossible to universal in all kinds of physical culture places and amateur.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to for a kind of system of the problems referred to above offer is simple, cheap and positioning precision is high Smart motion monitoring device and monitoring method.

The purpose of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:

A kind of smart motion monitoring device, this device is by moving target in location and communication technology monitoring athletic ground Kinestate and feed back motion state, this device includes:

Location label, is used for positioning moving target;

Micro-group of base stations, is installed in athletic ground, for obtaining the positional information of location label;

Switch, for receiving the positional information of micro-group of base stations transmission;

Control computer, process for the positional information that switch is received, calculate and statistical analysis, obtain The movable information of moving target;

Mobile terminal, for receiving and show the movable information of moving target.

When this device uses, described location label is installed on moving target.

Described location label is locator card or intelligent terminal.

Described athletic ground is arena or playing field.

Described micro-group of base stations includes that multiple micro-base station, the quantity of described micro-base station are at least 3.

The movable information of described moving target includes that movement locus, movement velocity, acceleration of motion and moving hot are tried hard to.

A kind of smart motion monitoring method utilizing above-mentioned smart motion monitoring device to realize, it is characterised in that the party Method comprises the following steps:

1) control computer demarcate the map on description athletic ground and preserve;

2) location label moved along with moving target in the time period that moving target moves;

3) positional information calculation the statistical analysis motion of the location label that computer obtains are controlled according to micro-group of base stations The movable information of target;

4) mobile terminal receives and shows the movable information of moving target.

The movable information of described moving target includes that movement locus, movement velocity, acceleration of motion and moving hot are tried hard to.

Described step 3) concretely comprise the following steps:

31) initial time in the time period of moving target motion is chosen as current time;

32) micro-group of base stations uses wireless positioning measurement method, measures and send current time location label micro-to each Range information between base station;

33) switch receives the range information that micro-group of base stations sends, and this distance information transmission is given control computer;

34) control computer and read range information, when going out current according to the map calculation demarcating the athletic ground described Carving label position on athletic ground, location, the positional information of record current time moving target, entrance is lower for the moment Carve;

35) using subsequent time as current time and judge its whether within the time period of moving target motion, if Then return step 32), if otherwise entering step 36);

36) according to the positional information of all moment moving targets in the time period of the moving target motion of record, describe Go out the movement locus of moving target;

37) according to step 36) the middle movement locus described, it is calculated speed and the acceleration of moving target, Statistical analysis obtains the moving hot of moving target tries hard to.

Described wireless positioning measurement method includes localization method RSS based on signal intensity, based on time of arrival (toa) Localization method TOA, localization method TODA based on signal arrival time difference, based on direction of arrival degree Localization method AOA or mixed positioning measuring method.

Compared with prior art, the method have the advantages that

(1) whole device includes positioning label, micro-group of base stations, switch, control computer and mobile terminal five Part, wherein location label can merge common installation and on intelligent terminal's equipment with mobile terminal, whole device Simple in construction, it is simple to realize.

(2) sport monitoring device in high-end race typically utilizes infrared thermal imaging or human assistance, this way High cost, each assembly cost of apparatus of the present invention is the cheapest by comparison, is greatly saved cost.

(3) present invention have employed location and communication technology, include ultra broadband, purple honeybee, linear frequency modulation spread spectrum, The technology such as bluetooth, sound wave and ultrasound wave, positioning precision is higher, and error is less than 1 meter.

(4) location label can be that locator card can also be for equipment such as intelligent terminal's such as smart mobile phones, it is easy to respectively Class physical culture place realizes.

(5) the micro-base station number arranged is no less than 3, improves positioning precision.

(6) have recorded the movement locus of moving target, movement velocity, acceleration of motion and moving hot to try hard to, more Add the state showing moving target in detail intuitively, it is simple to user observes.

(7) have employed 2 kinds or wireless positioning measurement method of more than two kinds when moving target being positioned, fixed Position precision is high.

(8) equipment is simple, and easy for installation, the quantity of micro-base station can also be modified according to practical situation, because of And whole device occasion applicatory scope is big, it is suitable for crowd wide.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the motion monitoring method flow chart of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of apparatus of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is smart motion place schematic diagram in embodiment 1;

Fig. 4 is movement locus schematic diagram in embodiment 1;

Fig. 5 is smart motion place schematic diagram in embodiment 2;

Wherein, 1 for positioning label, and 2 is micro-base station, and 3 is switch, and 4 for controlling computer, and 5 for mobile whole End.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention is described in detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.The present embodiment is with the technology of the present invention side Implement premised on case, give detailed embodiment and concrete operating process, but the protection model of the present invention Enclose and be not limited to following embodiment.

Being illustrated in figure 2 the present invention i.e. smart motion monitoring device, this device includes: location label 1, micro-base station Group, switch 3, control computer 4 and mobile terminal 5 etc., apparatus above and athletic ground are combined composition One smart motion place.Location label 1 is carried by moving target, can be locator card, or intelligence hands Other smart machines such as machine;Micro-group of base stations is made up of at least 3 micro-base stations 2, and each micro-base station 2 is previously installed at fortune In dynamic place, it is responsible for the position of measurement and positioning label, feds back through switch after collection and feed back to control computer; Switch 3 is responsible for multiple micro-base station datas are fed back to control computer;Control computer 4 and process and record all Micro-base station is to the data measured by the label of location, and record, the final physical location obtaining location label, Ke Yitong Cross the change of position correspondence time, calculate the movable information of target, such as movement locus, movement velocity, acceleration Etc. data, it is also possible to count the statistics such as target hotspot graph distribution in athletic ground.Mobile terminal 5 such as intelligence Energy mobile phone, Intelligent flat computer etc., can read all movable informations of required location label, and can download Preserve and share social networks.

It is illustrated in figure 1 the flow process of the smart motion monitoring method utilizing above-mentioned smart motion monitoring device to realize, bag Include the following step:

(s1) target carries location label;

(s2) to carrying out target position monitor;

(s3) record is in the position of certain period of time internal object;

(s4) result of record calculated and be converted into movable information;

(s5) existing movable information is added up;

(s6) user downloads movable information at mobile terminal;

Wherein about the record of target location, present invention utilizes wireless location principle, including based on signal intensity Localization method (RSS), localization method (TOA) based on time of arrival (toa), based on signal arrival time difference Localization method (TODA), localization method based on direction of arrival degree (AOA), and mixed positioning side The signal characteristic measured value of method, i.e. above two or number of different types such as TOA/AOA, TDOA/AOA, TDOA/TOA carries out location estimation.

Following location and communication technology can be used based on above positioning principle: infrared confirming orientation technology (Infrared), Acoustic positioning technology (Acoustic Wave), ultrasonic locating technology (Ultra Sonic), Bluetooth Communication Technology (Bluetooth), RF identification communication technology (RF), Ultra-wideband Communication Technology (UWB), purple honeybee communication technology (ZigBee), linear frequency modulation spread spectrum technic (CSS) and wireless LAN communication technology (WIFI) etc., Wherein Ultra-wideband Communication Technology, purple honeybee communication technology, linear frequency modulation spread spectrum technic, Bluetooth Communication Technology, sound Ripple location technology, ultrasonic locating technology positioning precision are higher, and < 1m is more suitable on athletic ground error Inside carry out motion monitoring.

Specific embodiment 1 is as shown in Fig. 3~Fig. 4:

As it is shown on figure 3, in a smart motion place, such as small-sized 5 people football pitchs.Can be on ground Being mounted with 3 or more than 3 micro-base stations under lawn, micro-base station is all in same horizontal plane.First demarcate and depict Whole intelligence place and actual place are schemed correspondingly.Micro-base station relies on hybrid locating method continuous measurement and positioning mark Sign 1 and arrive the distance between micro-base station, then range information is sent switch;Control computer machine-readable by exchange Take the data of each micro-base station, exist at this time point location label further according to previously the most proven map calculating Position on place.Complete the record of first time point 1;As shown in Figure 4, first time point note is repeated The step of record, records the position of label 1 ground on the scene, second time point location.Repeat the above step record time The position of label ground on the scene, some n location.Finally depict the movement locus at time period n inner position label.Again According to the motor point in certain time period, control computer can calculate location label to be occurred on the map of whole place Total time statistics, thus the moving hot depicting this location label is tried hard to.

If occur N number of location label in smart motion place equally simultaneously, system can be with resetting label 1 Motion monitoring step, the movement locus of record location label 1 to N the most respectively, and depict location respectively The moving hot of label 1 to N is tried hard to.

During monitoring, according to the movement of location label, it is possible to calculate the speed of location label accurately, The movable informations such as acceleration.

User again by smart machine such as smart mobile phone, Intelligent flat computer etc., required location can be read All movable informations of label, and preservation can be downloaded and share social networks.

Specific embodiment 2 as it is shown in figure 5,

When athletic ground becomes big, the present invention can also realize smart motion monitoring, when a smart motion place, field Ground is very big, and positioning accuracy request is the highest, and error requirements is < during 0.5m, such as the football pitch of standard 11 people. N*N micro-base station can be mounted with under ground surface lawn, i.e. have N row, N row to form micro-group of base stations of matrix, Micro-base station is all in same horizontal plane.First demarcate and depict whole intelligence place with actual place correspondingly Figure.Micro-base station rely on hybrid locating method continuous measurement and positioning label 1 to the distance between micro-base station, then will be away from Switch is sent from information;Control computer and read the data of each micro-base station by switch, then choose from location The data of X micro-base station that label is nearest, improve positioning precision, further according to previously the most proven map also Calculate the position in label ground on the scene, this time point location.Complete the record of first time point;Repeat The step of first time point record, records the position of label 1 ground on the scene, second time point location.More than repetition The position of label ground on the scene, step record time point n location.Finally depict at time period n inner position label Movement locus.According to the motor point in certain time period, control computer and can calculate location label in whole field The total time statistics occurred on ground map, thus the moving hot depicting this location label is tried hard to.

If occur N number of location label in smart motion place equally simultaneously, system can be with resetting label 1 Motion monitoring step, the movement locus of record location label 1 to N the most respectively, and depict location respectively The moving hot of label 1 to N is tried hard to.

Claims (10)

1. a smart motion monitoring device, it is characterised in that this device is by location and communication technology monitoring fortune The kinestate of moving target feed back motion state in dynamic place, this device includes:
Location label, is used for positioning moving target;
Micro-group of base stations, is installed in athletic ground, for obtaining the positional information of location label;
Switch, for receiving the positional information of micro-group of base stations transmission;
Control computer, process for the positional information that switch is received, calculate and statistical analysis, obtain The movable information of moving target;
Mobile terminal, for receiving and show the movable information of moving target.
Smart motion monitoring device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that when this device uses, Described location label is installed on moving target.
3. according to the smart motion monitoring device described in Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that described location is marked Sign as locator card or intelligent terminal.
Smart motion monitoring device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described athletic ground is Arena or playing field.
Smart motion monitoring device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described micro-group of base stations bag Including multiple micro-base station, the quantity of described micro-base station is at least 3.
Smart motion monitoring device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described moving target Movable information includes that movement locus, movement velocity, acceleration of motion and moving hot are tried hard to.
7. utilize the smart motion monitoring method that smart motion monitoring device as claimed in claim 1 realizes, It is characterized in that, the method comprises the following steps:
1) control computer demarcate the map on description athletic ground and preserve;
2) location label moved along with moving target in the time period that moving target moves;
3) positional information calculation the statistical analysis motion of the location label that computer obtains are controlled according to micro-group of base stations The movable information of target;
4) mobile terminal receives and shows the movable information of moving target.
Smart motion monitoring method the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that described moving target Movable information includes that movement locus, movement velocity, acceleration of motion and moving hot are tried hard to.
Smart motion monitoring method the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that described step 3) Concretely comprise the following steps:
31) initial time in the time period of moving target motion is chosen as current time;
32) micro-group of base stations uses wireless positioning measurement method, measures and send current time location label micro-to each Range information between base station;
33) switch receives the range information that micro-group of base stations sends, and this distance information transmission is given control computer;
34) control computer and read range information, when going out current according to the map calculation demarcating the athletic ground described Carving label position on athletic ground, location, the positional information of record current time moving target, entrance is lower for the moment Carve;
35) using subsequent time as current time and judge its whether within the time period of moving target motion, if Then return step 32), if otherwise entering step 36);
36) according to the positional information of all moment moving targets in the time period of the moving target motion of record, describe Go out the movement locus of moving target;
37) according to step 36) the middle movement locus described, it is calculated speed and the acceleration of moving target, Statistical analysis obtains the moving hot of moving target tries hard to.
Smart motion monitoring method the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that described wireless location is surveyed Metering method include localization method RSS based on signal intensity, localization method TOA based on time of arrival (toa), Localization method TODA based on signal arrival time difference, localization method AOA based on direction of arrival degree or mixed Close locating measurement method.
CN201610394106.3A 2016-06-06 2016-06-06 A kind of smart motion monitoring device and monitoring method CN105959382B (en)

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CN107016465A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-04 胡超 One kind is taken exercise by running system
CN107911864A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-04-13 海南大学 The method and its system of precise positioning in a kind of ship room
CN109697392A (en) * 2017-10-23 2019-04-30 北京京东尚科信息技术有限公司 Draw the method and device of target object thermodynamic chart
CN110286353A (en) * 2019-05-23 2019-09-27 宁波大学 Wireless sensor network target localization method based on RSS-ToA under nlos environment
CN110856099A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-02-28 上海万位数字技术有限公司 Athlete track and thermodynamic diagram distribution method based on regional high-precision positioning technology
CN110286353B (en) * 2019-05-23 2021-01-26 宁波大学 Wireless sensor network target positioning method based on RSS-ToA in non-line-of-sight environment

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CN205003276U (en) * 2015-10-12 2016-01-27 深圳市天工测控技术有限公司 Locator and indoor positioning system thereof
CN205176258U (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-04-20 南京睿辰欣创网络科技股份有限公司 Indoor positioning system based on UWB

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CN101995580A (en) * 2010-08-13 2011-03-30 赵永频 Interactive positioning capable of setting long-distance and short-distance mobility of gathering site
CN104698435A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-06-10 南京旭品信息科技有限公司 System and method for realizing positioning wireless beacon geographic position
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107016465A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-04 胡超 One kind is taken exercise by running system
CN109697392A (en) * 2017-10-23 2019-04-30 北京京东尚科信息技术有限公司 Draw the method and device of target object thermodynamic chart
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CN110286353B (en) * 2019-05-23 2021-01-26 宁波大学 Wireless sensor network target positioning method based on RSS-ToA in non-line-of-sight environment
CN110856099A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-02-28 上海万位数字技术有限公司 Athlete track and thermodynamic diagram distribution method based on regional high-precision positioning technology

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