Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of higher pressures to squeeze power, realizes that the sludge high-drying of whole squeezing is de-
The filter chamber mechanism of wetting system.
The technical scheme is that
A kind of Filter pressing board for sludge high-drying dehydration equipment, including circular hydraulic cylinder are mutually fitted with its round size
The filter cloth and filter disc matched；The front of hydraulic cylinder is unidirectionally concavely formed a filters pressing room, and filter disc is placed in the bottom of the filters pressing room,
Filter cloth is placed on filter disc, and the top of hydraulic cylinder is equipped with oil connection；Oil compatible with its size is provided with below filter disc
The oil cylinder piston of the cylinder piston, oil pipe is connected；Oil cylinder piston is set in the guide sleeve being fixed on filter plate central tube.
Further, the cathode conduction strainer connecting with cathode copper bar, sheet frame are equipped between above-mentioned filter disc and filter cloth
The back side be equipped with anode plate.
Further, the insulation board set between above-mentioned anode plate and sheet frame.
A kind of filters pressing component for sludge high-drying dehydration equipment, by identical more than two arranged side by side group of above-mentioned Filter pressing boards
At adjacent unidirectional recessed and another sheet frame the back side in sheet frame front constitutes an opposing seal, the storage mud with electroosmosis
A kind of electro-osmosis high pressure sludge filter press, including hydraulic device, send mud system, high-pressure cleaning system, high-frequency rectification
Power supply and above-mentioned filters pressing component, hydraulic device provide pressure for electro-osmosis high pressure sludge filter press, and sending mud system is electro-osmotic pressure
It filters component and supplies sludge, high-frequency rectification power supply provides power supply for the anode copper bar, cathode copper bar, and high-pressure cleaning system is for pressure
The cleaning of component is filtered, hydraulic device provides low-pressure hydraulic through oil connection for oil cylinder piston.
The beneficial effect of the present invention in terms of existing technologies is: the electro-osmosis sludge high-pressure desiccation apparatus structure letter
It is single, reliable for operation, it can disposably realize that moisture percentage in sewage sludge is reduced to 35% hereinafter, improving 2 than common diaphragm filter press from 85%
Times dehydration efficiency.Due to being not added with medicament, for depth desiccation mud cake organic matter almost without loss, calorific value is high, is especially suitable for sludge
Incineration disposal.Required pressing force is small between filter chamber simultaneously, can increase filter chamber quantity, improves treating capacity and efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 provides electro-osmosis sludge high-pressure desiccation structure of pressing filter schematic diagram for the embodiment of the present invention；
Fig. 2 provides oil cylinder hydraulic for the embodiment of the present invention and squeezes filter chamber component structure diagram；
Fig. 3 is the right view of Fig. 2；
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged view of Fig. 3；
Fig. 5, anode device structure schematic diagram is provided for the embodiment of the present invention；
Fig. 6 is the front view of oil cylinder piston；
Fig. 7 is the right view of Fig. 6；
In figure: 1, Shaftless screw conveyor 2, storage mud tank 3, band feeder sludge screw pump 4, Pneumatic three-way valve 5, sky
Press blowback system 6, high pressure cleaning pump 7 connect liquid turnover panel 8, rack 9, cylinder type circle squeezing filter chamber component 10, anode
Plate 11, distribution copper bar 12, heat-resisting filter cloth 13, mud cake 14, high-pressure cleaning system 15, pulling car 16, hydraulic device 17,
High-frequency rectification power supply 901, hydraulic cylinder 903, oil cylinder piston 904, oil connection 905, insulation board 907, guide cylinder 908,
Cathode conduction strainer 909, filter disc 910, filter chamber component handle.
The present invention is described further with reference to the accompanying drawing.
In the present invention, the noun of locality used such as " upper and lower, left and right " typically refers to refer on shown in the drawings, under, it is left,
It is right；" inside and outside " refers in the profile relative to each component itself, outside.
Referring to Fig. 1: a kind of electro-osmosis sludge high-pressure desiccation apparatus
The dehydration device includes: that Shaftless screw conveyor 1 receives external 80 ~ 90% sludge of moisture content, is transported to storage mud tank 2
In, band feeder sludge screw pump 3 pumps sludge to high pressure desiccation machine import by pipeline.In high-pressure and hydraulic pressure filter rack 10
On, arrange 40 groups of steel circle filter plates 9 and anode assembly 10.It is positive as built in one piece between every two pieces of adjacent steel rounds filter plate 9
Pole device adds heat-resisting filter cloth 12 to form a Homogeneous Circular space with cathode filter disc.After sludge is pumped into, round mud cake 13 is formed.Circle
Shape mud cake 13 is clipped by cylinder barrel, heat-resisting filter cloth 12 and the anode assembly 10 of cylinder type squeezing filter chamber component 9, and approximation regards electricity as
Resistance forms uniformly distributed electric field.Anode assembly 10 draws electric nose, is connected on 11 anode copper bar of distribution copper bar, is connected to by copper bar
On 17 anode of high-frequency rectification power supply.Cathode conduction strainer 908 is mounted on heat-resisting filter cloth rear, draws electric nose, passes through cable connection
To the cathode copper bar of distribution copper bar 11, it is connected on 17 cathode of high-frequency rectification power supply by cathode copper bar.
High-frequency rectification power supply is by pre-set programs, and according to pressure transmitter feedback signal, timing issues power transformation current voltage.By
Grade is loaded into cathode, on anode.It rests on mud cake between anode and cathode and electro-osmotic effects occurs.Sludge itself is electrification glue
Body, resistance sizes are determined by sludge conductivity.Hydraulic device 16 provides plus high-pressure hydraulic coupling by oil cylinder and compresses each filter chamber.
It is passed through hydraulic oil to the oil cylinder of cylinder type squeezing filter chamber component 9, the piston of hydraulic cylinder is advanced slowly, and piston is to circle
Shape mud cake applies pressure, and the water appeared in round mud cake by electric osmose is discharged through heat-resisting filter cloth, realizes mud-water separation, reaches dehydration
The electro-osmosis sludge high-pressure desiccation apparatus structure is simple, securely, reliable for operation, the service life is long, can be realized sludge and contains
Water rate is reduced to 40% hereinafter, improve twice of dehydration efficiency than common diaphragm filter press, and because pressing force needed between filter chamber is small, can
To increase filter chamber quantity, the treatment effeciency and processing capacity of filter press are improved.
It opens and is blown into pressure-air before plate and enters mud cake center, blow out non-desiccation sposh and flow back into storage mud tank.Open filter chamber
Afterwards, it is passed through pressure-air from the hydraulic cylinder upper front end filter cloth back side, filter cloth is blowed to front by air, thus de- using mud cake
As shown in Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4: it includes hydraulic cylinder 901, heat-resisting filter cloth 12, oil that cylinder type, which squeezes filter chamber component 9,
The cylinder piston 903, oil connection 904, insulation board 905, anode plate 10, guide cylinder 907, cathode conduction strainer 908, filter disc 909,
Filter chamber component handle 910；Wherein heat-resisting filter cloth 12, oil cylinder piston 903, insulation board 905, anode plate 10, cathode conduction strainer
908, the round size of filter disc 909 and hydraulic cylinder 901 is adapted.
901 single side of hydraulic cylinder is concavely formed squeezing filter chamber, and cathode conduction strainer 908 is mounted on heat-resisting filter cloth 12 and filter disc
Between 909, electric nose is drawn by the cathode copper bar of cable connection to distribution copper bar 11, it is whole that high frequency is connected to by cathode copper bar
On 17 cathode of galvanic electricity source.
Anode assembly 10 is set to the back side of hydraulic cylinder 901, and insulation is equipped between anode assembly 10 and hydraulic cylinder 901
Plate 905；Anode assembly 10 draws electric nose, is connected on 11 anode copper bar of distribution copper bar, is connected to high-frequency rectification electricity by copper bar
On 17 anode of source.Insulation board 905 is arranged between anode plate 10 and hydraulic cylinder 901 for preventing from leaking electricity.
Hydraulic cylinder 901 is equipped with oil connection 904, and it is living that oil cylinder is additionally provided between filter disc 909 and hydraulic cylinder 901
Plug 903, oil connection 904 is connected with oil cylinder piston 903, is additionally provided on the central tube of hydraulic cylinder 901 for living to oil cylinder
The guide cylinders 907 of 903 guiding of plug, guide cylinder 907 is except the outer still feeding-passage of guiding.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of anode assembly 10, and anode assembly 10 is equipped with distribution copper bar 11.
Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 is hydraulic oil cylinder type oil cylinder piston (and guiding push plate) schematic diagram.
Certainly filter plate of the invention can also be not provided with the anode plate for setting cathode conduction strainer in filter chamber while carry out electro-osmosis
When work, sludge is squeezed into round oil cylinder filter chamber by band feeder sludge screw pump, is pumped into, is squeezed on one side on one side, just
It into mud pressure is 0.4-0.8MPa when often work, into after complete mud, cavity pressure continues to increase when squeezing, until design pressure
2.0MPa feed pump and charging triple valve are closed.On high-pressure and hydraulic pressure filter rack, 40 groups of circle steel Filter pressing boards are arranged,
By oil cylinder press.Filter chamber is by the anode plate plus heat-resisting filter cloth and cathode between the cylinder barrel wall of low pressure oil cylinder, the adjacent oil cylinder of every two
Net and filter disc form a homogeneous space, and round mud cake is clipped by cathode and anode, and approximation regards resistance as, form uniformly distributed electricity
High-frequency rectification power supply is by pre-set programs, and according to pressure transmitter feedback signal, timing issues 20 ~ 30V of time variant voltage
DC current.On multistage loadings to each cathode, anode.It is clamped in thickness 40mm mud cake between anode assembly and cathode assembly
Electro-osmotic effects occur.At this time low pressure oil cylinder open feeding squeezing program, hydraulic device give oil cylinder provide pressure, oil cylinder piston to
Before be slowly advanced, mud cake is squeezed, the water appeared in round mud cake by electric osmose penetrates heat-resisting filter cloth in the form of Interstitial Water, real
Existing mud-water separation, round mud cake final thickness are reduced to 12-15mm by 40mm, and 62.5% ~ 70% moisture is removed in mud cake, from
And realize sludge drying purpose.The pressure of low-pressure hydraulic oil cylinder can be adjusted as desired by control valve.
When machine is no longer discharged, squeeze water emptying, pressure-air are quickly entered and are pasted between filter cloth and mud cake inside diaphragm
Mud cake is blown in conjunction face, is forcibly separating mud cake and filter cloth.After machine opens plate, mud cake leans on gravity to be detached from filter cloth, anode plate automatically,
It falls on material pulling car, mud cake outward transport.
Cylinder efficient explanation:
Before work, the operating pressure-such as 2.0MPa of hydraulic system is mixed up according to squeezing job requirement.It is hydraulic when squeezing
System is passed through hydraulic oil into hydraulic cylinder by oil connection, and oil cylinder piston is limited by hydraulic cylinder and guide cylinder,
Under hydraulic oil pushes, oil cylinder piston is moved forward.The filter disc and cathode screen that are fixed on oil cylinder piston, filter cloth are together to Forward
It is dynamic, sludge is squeezed, to achieve the purpose that dehydration.
For prior art hydraulic device, high-frequency rectification power supply and high-pressure cleaning system etc., the present invention is no longer described.
The electro-osmosis sludge high-pressure desiccation apparatus structure is simple, securely, reliable for operation, long service life, handles 1 ton 80%
Water content sludge, energy consumption can fast implement moisture percentage in sewage sludge and be reduced to 40% hereinafter, than common diaphragm filter press down to 80kwh
Dehydration efficiency improves twice, and because pressing force needed between filter chamber is small, can increase filter chamber quantity, improve the treatment effeciency of filter press
And processing capacity.
The above, preferable specific embodiment only of the invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and it is any
It is familiar with those skilled in the art of the present technique in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, can easily think of the change or the replacement, should all covers
Within that scope of the present invention.Therefore, the scope of the present invention should be subject to claims protection scope.