A kind of automobile-used sidepiece refuse collector of compression type refuse
The present invention relates to a kind of refuse collector, specifically a kind of automobile-used sidepiece refuse collector of compression type refuse.
At present, road surface is all very narrow in most of cell, while roadside is all fully parked with private car, and bulky refuse collecting cart enters
Enter difficulty or cannot be introduced into, while most of scenic spot does not allow oversize vehicle to enter, these local rubbish all can only
It is collected by small-sized rubbish transfer car(buggy), most small transfer car(buggy), without compression function, causes to collect and transported without Gua Tong mechanisms
Efficiency pole bottom, therefore the miniature compression type garbage truck with Gua Tong mechanisms can solve the problem that the problem of presently, there are.
Sidepiece refuse collector is one of chief component of many garbage trucks, existing collection device dustbin compared with
During weight, it may appear that frictional force is larger, and pressure barrel blocks the problem of being unable to come down, in potential safety hazard.
And collection device rubbish is not located at casing center after toppling over, and causes rubbish easily to be scattered from side, pushes away simultaneously
Unbalance loading be present during plate compressed garbage, reduce the service life of push pedal sliding block and casing upper rail.
The content of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of compression type refuse automobile-used sidepiece refuse collection dress
Put, it can effectively solve the problems, such as to press barrel to block, while can also effectively avoid in rubbish toppling process rubbish easily from case
Body edge scatters out while reduces the unbalance loading of push pedal, extends its service life.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is：A kind of automobile-used sidepiece rubbish of compression type refuse is received
Acquisition means, it includes：
Chassis, hydraulic system, compression set, casing, body dumping mechanism and by back door oil cylinder, back door, back door bearing pin, depression bar,
The rear door mechanism with sealing function of latch hook composition；
The body dumping mechanism includes subframe and self-unloading oil cylinder, and subframe is arranged on chassis, and casing afterbody passes through hinge
It is connected with subframe, bottom half is hinged with self-unloading oil cylinder, and casing can rotate in the presence of self-unloading oil cylinder around hinge, before casing
Portion is provided with compression set, and compression set includes push pedal and push pedal oil cylinder, and push pedal is supported on the side rails of railway carriage two, and can be in push pedal
Moved in the presence of oil cylinder along guide rail；
It also includes being arranged on casing sidepiece and by turning over a barrel oil cylinder, upper cover plate, two pull bars, crossbeam, pressure barrel I, extension
The refuse collector that barrel and pressure barrel II are formed；
Wherein, upper cover plate one end and casing are be hinged, the other end and pull bar are be hinged, middle hinge has bar with turning over a barrel oil cylinder thereon
End is be hinged, turns over a barrel oil cylinder other end and is hinged with casing, and the other end of pull bar is hinged with hanging barrel；
A barrel hydraulic oil cylinder driving upper cover plate is turned over, upper cover plate drives pull bar, and pull bar drives the extension barrel be hinged with it again, when extension bucket
After device lifts dustbin, and dustbin is compacted by pressure barrel I, rise with pull bar, hang barrel and move to guide rail
Behind top, begun turning after being contacted with the guide wheel on casing so as to realize toppling over for rubbish；
The pressure barrel II is identical with the pressure structure of barrel I, one end and guide rail connection, the other end pass through bearing pin and pressure bucket
Device I connects, and when dustbin is mentioned peak by extension barrel, pressure barrel II is spacing to hanging barrel progress, effectively
Dustbin is avoided to come off.
The extension barrel can move up and down along pressure barrel I, hang barrel both sides and respectively set 4 rollers, make extension barrel
Friction between pressure barrel I is changed into rolling friction from sliding friction.
Two rollers are also set on described pressure barrel I, roller is connected by rolling ball bearing with pressure barrel I, and roller can
Moved up and down along casing upper rail；Two bumper rings one are additionally provided with pressure barrel I, reduces and hangs barrel and its impact noise.
Two bumper rings two and two cushion pads, bumper ring drop impact noise are provided with described crossbeam simultaneously, cushion pad is used for
After dustbin is compacted by described pressure barrel I, when pressing barrel II to rise to the guide rail top of casing, bucket is pressed
Device I and pressure barrel II could be realized and rotate against, toppled over.
Described pressure barrel I and pressure barrel II relative rotation angle is 0 ° -125 °.
Described pressure barrel I, extension barrel and pressure barrel II is resetted by own wt.
Nylon slide block is provided with described compression set push pedal guide rail, compression set plays the work of compression and auxiliary discharging simultaneously
Refuse collector can automatic cycle, it is also manually controllable, and jerk can be realized in any position.
Described pull bar, depression bar are respectively length-adjustable pull bar, depression bar.
Compared with existing sidepiece refuse collector, apparatus of the present invention are stable, reliable, carry dustbin hanging barrel
During to peak, pressure barrel II is spacing to hanging barrel progress, is effectively prevented from dustbin and comes off；
Hanging barrel simultaneously can move up and down along pressure barrel I, hang barrel both sides and respectively set 4 rollers, make extension barrel
Friction between pressure barrel I is changed into rolling friction from sliding friction, improves pressure bucket reliability, while also reduce and make an uproar
When turning over barrel, dustbin bung is located at directly over casing the collection device, ensures that rubbish is located at case after pouring into casing
The middle of body, unbalance loading of the push pedal in compressed garbage is reduced, extend the service life of guide rail.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is that operating diagram is closed and opened to rear door mechanism of the present invention；
Fig. 3 is refuse collector initial position and extreme higher position operating diagram；
Fig. 4 is roller structure schematic diagram in refuse collector；
It is bumper ring and roller structure schematic diagram in refuse collector that Fig. 5, which is,；
Fig. 6 is cushion structure schematic diagram in refuse collector.
In figure：1st, chassis, 2, hydraulic system, 3, compression set, 4, casing, 5, rear door mechanism, 6, refuse collector, 7,
Body dumping mechanism, 8, back door oil cylinder, 9, back door, 10, back door bearing pin, 11, depression bar, 12, latch hook, 13, guide wheel, 14, turn over a barrel oil cylinder,
15th, upper cover plate, 16, pull bar, 17, crossbeam, 18, pressure barrel I, 19, hang barrel, 20, pressure barrel II, 21, roller, 22,
Bumper ring two, 23, roller, 24, cushion pad, 25, bumper ring one.
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete
Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on
Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other under the premise of creative work is not made
Embodiment, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
If Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 is a kind of automobile-used sidepiece refuse collector of compression type refuse, it includes：
Including chassis 1, hydraulic system 2, compression set 3, casing 4, body dumping mechanism 7 and by back door oil cylinder 8, back door 9, back door
The rear door mechanism 5 with sealing function that bearing pin 10, depression bar 11, latch hook 12 form；
The body dumping mechanism 7 includes subframe and self-unloading oil cylinder, and subframe is arranged on chassis 1, and the afterbody of casing 4 passes through hinge
Point is connected with subframe, and bottom half is hinged with self-unloading oil cylinder, and casing can rotate in the presence of self-unloading oil cylinder around hinge, casing
4 front portions are provided with compression set 3, and compression set 3 includes push pedal and push pedal oil cylinder, and push pedal is supported on the side rails of railway carriage two, and energy
Moved in the presence of push pedal oil cylinder along guide rail；
It also includes being arranged on the sidepiece of casing 4 and by turning over barrel oil cylinder 14,15, two pull bars 16 of upper cover plate, crossbeam 17, pressure bucket
Device I 18, the refuse collector 6 hung barrel 19 and press barrel II 20 to form；
Wherein, the one end of upper cover plate 15 and casing 4 are be hinged, the other end and pull bar 16 are be hinged, middle hinge is oily with turning over bucket thereon
The rod end of cylinder 14 is hinged, and is turned over the other end of barrel oil cylinder 14 and is hinged with casing 4, the other end of pull bar 16 is be hinged with hanging barrel 19；
Turn over barrel oil cylinder 14 and drive upper cover plate 15, upper cover plate drives pull bar 16, and pull bar 16 drives the extension barreled be hinged with it again
19 are put, after extension barrel 19 lifts dustbin, and dustbin is compacted by pressure barrel I 18, rises with pull bar 16, hangs
After barrel 19 moves to guide rail top, begun turning after being contacted with the guide wheel 13 on casing 4, so as to realize toppling over for rubbish；
The structure of barrel I 18 is identical for the pressure barrel II 20 and pressure, one end and guide rail connection, the other end by bearing pin and
Barrel I 18 is pressed to connect, when dustbin is mentioned peak by extension barrel 19, II 20 pairs of pressure barrel is hung barrels 19 and carried out
It is spacing, it is effectively prevented from dustbin and comes off；
Pull bar 16 therein is the pull bar of adjustable in length, the gap between adjustable roller 23 and guide rail.
As shown in Figures 3 to 6, the extension barrel 19 can move up and down along pressure barrel I 18, and it is each to hang the both sides of barrel 19
If 4 rollers 21, make extension barrel 19 and press the friction between barrel I 18 to be changed into rolling friction from sliding friction, improve
Bucket reliability is pressed, while also reduces noise.
Two rollers 23 are also set on pressure barrel I 18, roller 23 is connected by rolling ball bearing with pressure barrel I 18, roller
23 can move up and down along the upper rail of casing 4；Two bumper rings 1 are additionally provided with pressure barrel I 18, reduces and hangs barrel 19 and its
As shown in figure 5, being provided with two bumper rings 2 22 and two cushion pads 24 on described crossbeam 17 simultaneously, the drop of bumper ring 22 is hit
Noise is hit, cushion pad 24 is used to protect dustbin.
As shown in figure 3, after dustbin is compacted by the pressure barrel I 18 in refuse collector 6, barrel I 18 and pressure are pressed
Barrel II 20 can just rotate against, but be to rotate against due to being constrained by gravity, then under the effect of no external force
Phenomenon, be only taken in it when rising to 4 guide rail top of casing, could realize and topple over action, that is, rotate against.
And above-mentioned pressure barrel I 18 and pressure barrel II 20 relative rotation angle are 0 ° -125 °.
Described pressure barrel I 18, extension barrel 19 and pressure barrel II 20 is resetted by own wt；Refuse collection fills
When putting 6 and being located at peak, rubbish bung is located at directly over casing 4；For refuse collector 6 when dumping rubbish, upper cover plate 15 can
Rubbish is blocked to main effect, prevents rubbish from dissipating leakage forward.
Wherein, it is provided with nylon slide block in the described push pedal guide rail of compression set 3, compression set 3 plays compression and auxiliary simultaneously
Help the effect of discharging.
Refuse collector 6 in the present invention can automatic cycle, it is also manually controllable, and can be realized in any position anxious
Open, close and lock as shown in Fig. 2 back door oil cylinder 8 plays back door simultaneously, back door bearing pin 10 can be rear
Slided in 9 chutes of door to realize the locking at back door, the wherein length of depression bar 11 can adjust, and U-bolt can also be adjusted on casing 4
It is whole, it is ensured that door sealing is reliable afterwards.
When back door is opened completely, if subjected to the external force that rubbish is upward, can still be moved upwards, rubbish self-unloading is avoided
Deformation is hit in back door 9 by Cheng Zhong, rubbish.
The present apparatus when in use, in refuse collector 6 complete automatically to press rubbish after rubbish is toppled over by compression set 3
In the case that if compression set 3 does not reset, refuse collector 6 is inoperable；What refuse collector 6 did not resetted
In the case of, compression set 3 is inoperable.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie
In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter
From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power
Profit requires rather than described above limits, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling
Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the involved claim of limitation.
Described above, only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is not intended to limit the invention, every skill according to the present invention
Any trickle amendment, equivalent substitution and the improvement that art is substantially made to above example, should be included in technical solution of the present invention
Protection domain within.