CN105900161A - Interactive piano training system - Google Patents

Interactive piano training system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105900161A
CN105900161A CN201480057634.9A CN201480057634A CN105900161A CN 105900161 A CN105900161 A CN 105900161A CN 201480057634 A CN201480057634 A CN 201480057634A CN 105900161 A CN105900161 A CN 105900161A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
key
light
illuminate
piano training
light source
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201480057634.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
凯文·迈克尔·麦卡锡
詹森·迈克尔·麦克威
詹森·马克·埃里克森
扎卡里·埃德温·埃夫兰
马克·泰勒
托马斯·霍尔·鲁舍
大卫·恰尔内茨基
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
McCarthy Music Corp
Original Assignee
McCarthy Music Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority claimed from US13/973,861 external-priority
Priority claimed from US13/973,861 external-priority patent/US8901405B1/en
Priority claimed from US14/337,086 external-priority patent/US9082313B1/en
Application filed by McCarthy Music Corp filed Critical McCarthy Music Corp
Publication of CN105900161A publication Critical patent/CN105900161A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B15/00Teaching music
    • G09B15/001Boards or like means for providing an indication of chords
    • G09B15/002Electrically operated systems
    • G09B15/003Electrically operated systems with indication of the keys or strings to be played on instruments
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B15/00Teaching music
    • G09B15/02Boards or like means for providing an indication of notes
    • G09B15/023Electrically operated

Abstract

A piano training device is described herein. The piano training device comprising a plurality of keys which may be illuminated by a light source associated with each key. The light source associated with each key is oriented such that the light source transmits light toward the front surface of the key. The key is further manufactured so that the light transmitted toward the front surface of the key is redirected to the top surface of the key.

Description

Interactive piano training system
Cross-Reference to Related Applications
This application claims entitled " the INTERACTIVE PIANO submitted on August 22nd, 2014 TRAINING SYSTEM " U.S. Patent application No.13/973,861 (attorney docket 0099227-001 WO0) and the entitled " INTERACTIVE of submission on July 21st, 2014 PIANO TRAINING SYSTEM " the priority of U.S. Patent application No.14/337,086 Rights and interests, the two patent application is expressly incorporated herein the most in entirety by reference.
Background technology
Learn to play the piano and be probably the process of difficulty.The student attempting to learn to play the piano generally may spend The upper Piano lesson of a lot of times and these courses of exercise, it usually needs the help of teacher.Reading music score, Study makes the note of snatch of music be associated with piano key, with correct order and correct rhythm bullet The technical ability of ability that piano key and improving according to previous lessons plays the piano may be time-consuming and be difficult to study, And it is likely to time-consuming and very difficult religion.If having developed equipment for drying, these devices attempt by steel Qin student provides electron assistant with the form about the mechanically operated designator that will press which key Solve this difficulty, but such device typically fails to provide about other technical ability playing the piano required These designators, thus reduce the efficiency of learning process.Additionally, developed many devices, this A little devices typically cannot realize high-quality instruction, such as by inconvenient position or with the most beautiful The mode seen illuminates key.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 illustrates that the wherein user according to embodiment can use the friendship being connected to external system Formula piano training devices is with the example context learned to play the piano mutually;
Fig. 2 to 22 illustrates first piano of the interactive piano training devices according to embodiment The each side of key type;
Figure 23 to 35 illustrates second piano of the interactive piano training devices according to embodiment The each side of key type;
Figure 36 to 48 illustrates according to the first steel in the interactive piano training devices of embodiment Key type and the layout of the second piano key type;
Figure 49 and 50 illustrates the trigger mechanism of the piano key according to embodiment;
Figure 51 illustrates according to the multiple piano keies in the interactive piano training devices of embodiment Key arrange;
Figure 52 illustrate according at least one embodiment wherein can to interactive piano training The example context that the connector that device is relevant is managed;
Figure 53 illustrate according to embodiment wherein key events and illumination events can be sent to hand over Mutual formula piano training devices and the example context sent out from interactive piano training devices;
Figure 54 illustrate according to embodiment for use interactive piano training devices perform with The instantiation procedure of the exercise that course is associated;
Figure 55 illustrates wherein can be shone according to embodiment by interactive piano training devices foundation Bright color theme processes the example context of illumination events;
Figure 56 illustrate according to embodiment wherein can use interactive piano training devices by Key events travels to the example context of marking system and Play System;
Figure 57 illustrate according to embodiment that interactive piano training devices wherein can be used to come is right Note assessment and the example context of scoring;
Figure 58 illustrate according to embodiment wherein can be to the user of interactive piano training devices Present the example user interface of appraisal result;
Figure 59 illustrates wherein can interactive piano training devices be connected to according to embodiment Course storehouse is to announce the example context of course;
Figure 60 illustrate according to embodiment wherein can be by course from course library searching to interactive mode The example context of piano training devices;
Figure 61 illustrates according to showing of embodiment relevant to interactive piano training devices The example context of course element structure;
Figure 62 illustrates the control panel of the interactive piano training devices according to embodiment;
Figure 63 illustrates wherein to implement the example context of various embodiments;
The piano training devices's that Figure 64 has been general description to be constructed according to the religious doctrine of the present invention is general Read figure;
Figure 65 is the one of the pianotron instructional device illustrating that the religious doctrine according to the present invention constructs The functional block diagram of the primary clustering of individual embodiment;
Figure 66 is the illustrative screen display that can be presented by the preferred embodiments of the invention;
Figure 67 electroluminescent material that has been general description combines that keyboard is used so that can be with keyboard Particular key Correlation selection ground illuminate the functional diagram of any one in multiple color;And
The functional diagram of the operation of Figure 68 to 70 embodiment that has been general description, these embodiments The key making keyboard illuminates in a selective manner with the multiple color of light, thus transmits various to user Function.
Detailed description of the invention
In the following description, various embodiment is described.For illustrative purposes, elaboration is had The configuration of body and details, to provide the thorough understanding of embodiment.But, the technology to this area Personnel will be apparent from, and can also carry out embodiment in the case of not having detail. Additionally, in order to not make described embodiment thicken, many institute week may be omitted or simplified The feature known.
Technology that is described herein and that advise includes for using pianotron training devices to hand over System that mutually formula learns to play the piano and device, this pianotron training devices makes dynamic controllable lighting device It is attached in the key of keyboard.Such a pianotron training devices can be combined with academic environment so that Piano lesson content is provided for user (also referred herein as " student ").Wherein key (such as, piano key) It is combined with the pianotron training devices (being the most also only called " keyboard ") of dynamically controlled luminaire May be coupled to be configured to control the programmable calculator device of luminaire.Keyboard also can connect To programmable calculator device, this programmable calculator device is configured to receive by keyboard The event of the event pressing key and produce notifies and processes these events.Such as, key is pressed permissible Producing key and press event notice, this key is pressed event and is notified when being received by programmable calculator device, Can more fresh course progress, produce one or more response events, present suitable sound and/or other Such process action.
Described herein and relevant to interactive piano training devices other device (such as, controller, Panel, associated flat plate calculate device etc.) can be connected to programmable calculator device, this is able to programme Computer installation can be configured to receive and be notified by the event of event produced by these other devices And process these events.Such as, panel presses the button to enter next course can produce Part of making trouble notifies, this event notifies when being received by programmable calculator device, can close current Course, retrieval one or more resources relevant to next course, prepare next course, configure use Interface, family, produce one or more key illumination events and/or other such process action.
In some embodiments, programmable calculator device and the quilt of key illumination it are configured to control Configuration receive event event notice (such as, by press on keyboard key and/or by with its The event notice that its related control interacts and produces) and the calculating able to programme of these events of process Machine can be single programmable calculator device, it is possible to for the group of multiple programmable calculator devices Close.In some embodiments, keyboard, other related control, be configured to control key illumination Programmable calculator device and the event being configured to receive event notify and process these events Programmable calculator device can be single assembly.
The programmable calculator device being configured to control key illumination can be in response to may be with course Relevant exercise parameter carrys out do so, and this course is configured to have one or more learning target. In some embodiments, can be from external computer system (such as by network such as the Internet even Receive the computer system of programmable calculator device) obtain course.Course can be music score, topic mark, Practise, test, learn tolerance, play example, media file and/or the collection of other such information Close.Music score can make graphically or metadata represents such as using extensible markup language (" XML ") is during such as MusicXML is included in course.Course is used as XML and represents to come Specify, to specify course content.In some embodiments, can from computer system memory or Course is obtained from this resource that can be accessed by programmable calculator device.It is configured to receive thing The event of part notifies and processes the programmable calculator device of these events, except processing these things Part, to produce outside sound, may also be responsive in course to process these events.The data relevant to event May indicate that: key presses the timing of event;The particular key pressed;The speed that key is pressed;And/or its Its these type of data relevant to event.Programmable calculator device can assess this type of event to determine The most correctly press key.
Pianotron training devices (all devices as described herein), in conjunction with being configured to have one Or the academic environment of multiple course, may be used for so that student can learn to play the piano.Such as, course Can be configured to teach students with uniform rhythm play whole note in c major simple scale and The one or more exercises relevant to this course can be included.Once exercise is it can be shown that student should When with appointment order and at the appointed time press the key corresponding with the note in c major scale. In order to assist student, the programmable calculator device being configured to control key illumination can be with uniformly (such as, rhythm illuminate the key corresponding with the note in c major scale the most in order One key is every illumination in a second once).It is configured to receive and produces by pressing key on keyboard The event of event notifies and be configured to handle subsequently the programmable calculator device of these events can With in response to receiving the event corresponding with the key pressed to present suitable sound.It is configured to connect Receive the event notice of the event produced by pressing key on keyboard and be configured to handle subsequently Programmable calculator device these keys the most recordable of these events are pressed the timing of event and use Described timing is to provide feedback to student.Such as, with appropriate order in appropriately touching time threshold Press appropriate key and within the appropriate persistent period, unclamp the student of this key may receive 100% Exercise scoring, and press incorrect key or outside threshold range, press the student of key may receive relatively Low exercise scoring.Although it is contemplated that described herein and suggestion technology refers to piano Keyboard, piano key, Piano lesson and other this class reference, but described herein and suggestion technology also It is applicable to other keyboard instrument (such as, organ, harpsichord, electronic keyboard, accordion, Gu Piano etc.) and/or other there is the musical instrument of the key that can illuminate according to each technology described herein.
Fig. 1 illustrates that the wherein user according at least one embodiment can use and is connected to outside The interactive piano training devices of system is with the example context 100 learned to play the piano.User 102 is permissible Using interactive piano training devices 104, this interactive mode piano training devices can be with controller 106 Combine and also can combine with display 108.User 102 can be student, it is possible to for teacher, It is alternatively musician, it is possible to for certain other these type of user of interactive piano training devices.Herein Described interactive piano training devices 104 can include multiple illuminate key (as described herein), One or more computer processors (all computer processors as described herein), computer system Memorizer, computer system signal processor and/or other this type of resource for computer system.Interactive Piano training devices 104 may also include one or more interface, including switch, adapter, plug, Button, touch screen, network interface and/or other this class interface.Such as, in embodiments, hand over Formula piano training devices can include the control of the operation for controlling interactive piano training devices mutually Panel 120, this control panel such as can control device electric power, volume, output type, output Method, to and from the connection of interactive piano training devices and/or other operating parameter.Permissible It is contemplated that the interface type included in interactive piano training devices 104 as herein described is only Also can be considered in the scope of the present disclosure for illustrated examples and other type of interface.
Controller 106 can be calculating formula device and can include for using interactive piano training The additional functionality of device 104, includes but not limited to be connected to display 108 and display with interactive The function of the relevant information of piano training devices 104.Such as, controller 106 can include causing Display 108 presents the function of music score, and interactive piano training devices 104 can be used to play this Music score.When show music score time, controller 106 can perform instruct with based on course project, based on User's input, change based on director's input or combination based on these and/or other type of input Become music score to show.In another example, controller 106 can include causing display 108 to present The function of one or more piano Training Practicings, these one or more piano Training Practicings can include Music score, progress metric, video, audio frequency, figure, user interface element and/or other this type of teaching Element.Each exercise can be all in multiple exercises relevant to completing specific course step. Each step can be all in multiple steps relevant to specific course.Each course can be all In multiple courses one relevant to specific courseware.
In some embodiments, interactive piano training devices 104 can separate with controller 106. In such embodiments, interactive piano training devices 104 can use wired connection, make With short haul connection (such as, bluetooth), use wireless connections (such as, WiFiTM), use wired company Meet (such as, USB (universal serial bus) or " USB ") or use certain other connection type to come and control Device 106 processed communicates.In some embodiments, interactive piano training devices 104 can be with control Device 106 is integrated into individual unit.Similarly, in some embodiments, controller 106 can be with Display 108 separates.In such embodiments, controller 106 can use wired connection, Use wireless connections or use certain other connection type to communicate with display 108.Real at some Executing in scheme, controller 106 can be integrated into individual unit with display 108.Some embodiment party In case, controller and/or display can be general computing device, and these general computing device can With by being used as controller and/or display in software is arranged on controller and/or display. Such as, controller and/or display can be tablet computer systems, and this tablet computer systems is at list Individual unit includes that controller (such as, tablet computer systems processor) and display are (such as, flat Plate computer system display).In this example, control described herein will can be configured to carry out The software of the function of device is arranged in tablet computer systems.
In some embodiments, controller 106 can include using connector 110 to pass through net Network 112 is connected to the function of computer system 114.Computer system 114 may be located at away from Family 102 and the position of interactive piano training devices 104.Connector 110 can be as described herein Connector.Network 112 can be network as described herein.Computer system 114 can be one Or one or more in multiple computer system, all computer systems as described herein.Calculate Machine system 114 can include connecting 116 to data storage device 118 and by data, metadata And/or other this type of information provides controller 106 and/or interactive mode from data storage device 118 The function of piano training devices 104.Data storage device 118 can include such as course and/or white silk Practising, these courses and/or exercise can be retrieved by computer system 114 and be sent by network 112 To controller 106 and/or interactive piano training devices 104.In embodiments, it is possible to use One or more calculating i.e. service (" CAAS ") service and by network 112, data are sent to control Device 106 processed and/or interactive piano training devices 104.Such CAAS services (the most also Be referred to as " service based on cloud ") user can be allowed by the course of multiple device access synchronized and / or exercise progress, the plurality of device includes but not limited to controller 106, interactive piano training cartridge Put 104, panel computer, smart phone, desk computer, laptop computer, intelligent watch, Wearable computers and/or other this type of calculate device, these calculate devices can be configured to lead to Cross network to use these such data of service access based on cloud.
Data storage device 118 can be configured to provide be stored in flat file, data base and/ Or the static data in other this type of data storage mechanism.Data storage device 118 also can be configured Dynamic data (the number such as, dynamically produced in response to one or more outside inputs is provided According to), described dynamic data dynamically can be produced by server end structured language as described herein. In some embodiments, data storage device 118 can be configured to use these and/or other The combination of data provisioning technique.Such as, user 102 can submit to the particular aspects learned to play the piano Exercise request, this exercise can be the part that relevant to course exercise is gathered, such as this paper institute State.Data storage device 118 may access user profile and with checking user identity and/or determine this use The studying progress at family.Data storage device 118 can select from the course project of static storage subsequently Appropriate course content.Data storage device 118 also can will be stored in the class in data storage device Number of passes adjusts for this specific user to provide according to combining with the data dynamically produced based on user Course content.Information can be returned to user subsequently, enable a user to be instructed by piano Practice device 104, controller 106 and/or display 108 and access course.
Fig. 2 illustrates such as to combine Fig. 1 and according at least one for interactive piano training devices For interactive piano training devices described by individual embodiment, example can illuminate key and with this key Relevant light source.It is from the top of key to the right and slightly that Fig. 2 example shown can illuminate the view of key Equidistant projection figure backward.Illuminated key shown in Fig. 2 is first example with the first key type. For convenience, the most also the first key type can be referred to as " in vain " key.In this case, The use of word " in vain " is appreciated that the color referring to the type of key rather than key type (or is appointed What its optical characteristics).Such as, " in vain " key can be white, can be black, can be certain Plant other color, it is also possible to be the combination of color.As described herein, term " top ", " right side " " below " and other such term (" top ", " left side ", " above " etc.) when with key On position and the position of adjacent keys and/or when associating use with related elements, be understood to refer to key, Because this key is from the perspective of the user of interactive piano training devices and relative to interactive steel Qin training devices is positioned at the normal place of fingerboard as described herein.
Key body 202 is shown as has relative photo guider 204 and relevant source 206.Key body 202 can To be solid, can be hollow, it is also possible to comprise solid-section and hollow section.Key body 202 Being configurable to have one or more optical characteristics, these one or more optical characteristics are instructed at piano The function of key is enhanced during white silk.Such as, key body 202 can be fabricated to be transparent or semi-transparent Bright, so that using light source as described herein (also referred herein as " electroluminescent light source ") When illuminating key, light can irradiate through key.Key body 202 also can be by making the light that sends from key top surface The material of part diffusion is made, thus forms the light distribution being more uniformly distributed from key body top surface.In reality Executing in scheme, key body 202 can be made up of Merlon, and described Merlon has one or more Light diffusion (also referred herein as " diffusion of light ") characteristic, have one or more manufacturing characteristics and/ Or there is one or more ruggedness characteristic.These characteristics can include but not limited to that the strength of materials is special Property, molded feature, impact resistance characteristic and/or other this class feature.
In embodiments, it is possible to use key body material such as SabicTM LexanTM FXD171R To manufacture key body 202.In such a embodiment, key body material has 630kgf/cm2's Tensile stress at yield, the tensile stress at break of 650kgf/cm2 and the stretching die of 23,700kgf/cm2 Amount (every piece of minimum 50mm).In such a embodiment, key body material is at 23 DEG C and 1.19 Proportion under there is the instrumented impact gross energy of 714cm-kgf.Key body 202 injection mould wherein In the embodiment moulded, key body material has the one or more characteristics relevant to injection molding process, Including the baking temperatures of 120 DEG C, the accumulation drying time of 48 hours, 270 DEG C (include with 295 DEG C Including) between melt temperature and 70 DEG C and 95 DEG C (being included) between molding temperature.Key body 202 also can be made up of other material, these other materials such as acrylic compounds, polyester, halo Plastics and other this type of have acceptable light diffusion characteristic and have one or more other can accept Manufacture and/or the plastics of all characteristics as mentioned above of ruggedness characteristic.
Key body 202 also can be fabricated such that light may the most only irradiate through key body along some axis. Such as, key body 202 can be fabricated such that can irradiate the top through key from the light below key, But largely or entirely light is obstructed and cannot irradiate the side through key.Light can transmit along some axis And can use such as that some manufactures material, some coating, some geometry and/or other this Class manufacturing technology is obstructed and can not be transmitted along other axis.Such as, some plastics can realize more preferably or Optical transport evenly, is coated to the opaque coating of key side (that is, between key) (such as, By smearing or bat printing applies) optical transport can be hindered to arrive adjacent key, adjacent keys location (such as, is situated between Between key) opaque section optical transport can be hindered to arrive adjacent key.
Therefore, some faces of key body 202 can be translucent (such as, it is allowed to optical transport), key Some faces of body 202 can be opaque (such as, hinder optical transport), and some faces are permissible Be part translucent and part opaque (such as, it is allowed to some light carry out transmission to a certain degree also And hinder some light to carry out transmission to a certain degree).It is apparent from except as otherwise noted or from context, As used herein term " translucent " and " opaque " are understood as relative terms. It is to say, term " translucent " may be used for referring to a part for key body 202, described part Allow compared with a sizable part for key body " opaque ", transmit more light.At some In embodiment (such as, employ very bright light), the translucent portion of key body and opaque Part all can transmit some light, but opaque section is the part with higher opacity, transmission Less light.It is as herein described to obtain that the various assemblies of key are constructed having corresponding opacity Effect (such as, the top surface uniform illumination of key) and the various opacities used can bases Change for illuminating the intensity of light source of these keys.Such as, with and relatively weak light source be used together Material is compared, and relatively intense light source can consider to allow less light through material.Key body 202 shown in Fig. 2 It is translucent (allowing following illumination to be shot through) and be not at left surface and right flank at end face Transparent.In some embodiments, key body 202 may be translucent in front.At some In other embodiment, key body 202 may be opaque in front.The top surface of key body 202 Being probably smooth and/or glossiness, this is common in piano key.
As key body 202, light guide 204 can be solid, can be hollow, also Solid-section and hollow section can be comprised.Light guide 204 can have one or more optics Characteristic, these one or more optical characteristics enhance piano training.Such as, light guide 204 can To be fabricated such that when using light source as described herein to illuminate, can irradiate through key.? In embodiment, light guide 204 can be made up of plastics such as optical-grade acrylic, described optics Level acrylic acid has acceptable light-transfer characteristic (such as, reflectance, refractive index etc.) and also tool There are one or more manufacture and/or ruggedness characteristic, include but not limited to strength of materials characteristic, molding Characteristic, impact resistance characteristic and/or other this class feature.Light guide 204 also can be by other material system Become, these materials such as glass, Merlon, polyester, halogenated plastics and other this type of have can Accept light-transfer characteristic and there are one or more other manufacture and/or plastics of ruggedness characteristic. Light guide 204 also can be fabricated such that light may only irradiate through light guide along some axis 204.Light guide 204 also can be fabricated such that light can be easier along some axis, brighter Bright and/or more uniformly irradiate through light guide 204.Such as, light guide 204 can be manufactured Become and there is some characteristics so that can be as described herein from light directing from the light after light guide The top surface of device 204 uniformly and brightly irradiates out.
Light guide 204 can be wedge shape.The wedge-type shape of light guide 204 can use internal folding Penetrate with principle of reflection so that before light travels to after light guide equably.It is positioned at light source Near, the light of higher-strength after light guide can before travelling across light guide from Top surface reflects further and more low intensive light away from light source can travel across light Reflect closer to top surface before guide material.This may cause the light of higher-strength from Top surface emit before diffusion more, and more low intensive light is emitting from top surface The most less diffusion, illuminates with being thus more uniformly distributed.Light guide 204 also can be shaped so that When light guide move with key and when pivoting, the intensity of the light sent from key top portion during pivoting not Very big (as measured) can be changed by all tolerance as described herein of one or more tolerance.Example As, this relative shortage of Strength Changes can be realized by blocking wedge shape, so that light directing A part for the profile of device be a part for the profile of wedge shape and light guide be flat (such as Fig. 2 Shown in), the angle thus increasing wedge-like portion maintains the effective depth at the back side (from top on earth simultaneously Portion).The degree of depth also by the back side directing the light to device 204 is configured to surround the rear portion from light completely The beam center cast out by the full range of activity of key and/or light guide is realized intensity and becomes This relative shortage changed.
Other manufacture view of light guide can change light by interactive piano training devices's Transmission.Such as, the coating of light guide side and/or bottom can hinder optical transport to pass these surfaces, Thus increase internal reflection and improve the overall brightness of light.As used herein brightness is every single The luminous intensity of elemental area and measuring with cd/m2.Luminous intensity is with candela (cd) for single Position measures.Coating and/or substitute for light guide top surface also can make from this surface The light diffusion sent, thus reduce " focus " and contribute to light from top surface uniform emission out. Such as, the top surface of light guide can be attached with diffusion material, maybe can have and etch into top table Diffusion labelling (such as, intersection hachure, scrobicula or other this type of diffusion labelling) in face.Light directing The top surface of device is alternatively mat surface (such as, lusterless surface) so that diffusion.? In some embodiments, the surface of light guide has the radial etch of various diameter to produce luxuriant and rich with fragrance alunite Ear lens effect, thus helps in light diffusion.In some embodiments, the surface of light guide There is random etching (such as, coarse) to contribute to light diffusion.Various coatings can be according to various realities Scheme of executing constructs in every way, such as by being coated with trowel coating, adhering to layers of additional materials (such as, Plastic layer), by adhere to different materials (such as, metal coating), by etching and with other side Formula.As the optical characteristics of key body 202, can by some manufacture material, some coating, Some geometry, some location and/or other this type of manufacturing technology obtain light guide 204 Optical characteristics.Light guide 204 shown in Fig. 2 is translucent at end face, on left surface and the right side Side is opaque and allows the light from the light source being positioned at after light guide to run through light directing Device is evenly distributed.
As used herein, the difference change of the light intensity sent when any two point place on surface is little When threshold value, light be considered equally distributed and/or from surface (such as, from light guide The surface of 204 or from key body 202) launch.Such as, when bright spot and strong between dim spot Degree difference less than determined threshold value (such as, the intensity of bright spot very in one) time, from key body The light that top surface sends is considered equally distributed.The intensity of sent light can be the most luminous Measure for intensity (in units of candela), measure and be at least partially based on sent light spy Determine the wavelength on direction.The intensity of sent light can also measure in terms of brightness, described bright Degree is the luminous intensity of every cellar area.The brightness aspect that is evenly distributed on of light measures wherein Embodiment in, two points on surface are it is understood that become be have that nonzero surface is long-pending two Region, and the most each region all uses identical surface area.Such as, if sent out on surface The high-high brightness going out light has the brightness of every square metre of 100,000 candelas (in the region of ten square millimeters Inside measure), then the minimum brightness in 10 threshold values of sent light is every square metre 90000 candelas (also measure) in the region of ten square millimeters.In such a example, as The average canbdle power in the region that fruit has maximum intensity is that 1 candela is (in 10 square millimeter zone In, every square millimeter of 1 candela very in one), then there is the region of minimum strength Average canbdle power should be more than 9/10ths of 1 candela, with the threshold value more than 10.
In some embodiments, aesthetic problem and/or practical problem can allow from threshold requirement Exempt the some parts (such as, girth, front surface etc.) on surface.It addition, light be uniformly distributed and/ Or launch can measure in some the acceptable parts of possible the frequency spectrum that light source obtains with/ It can be maybe the function that possible send the tone of each, saturation and/or value in color.One In a little embodiments, gained light source, light guide and U.S. of key body combination can be at least partially based on Learn and assess being uniformly distributed and/or launching of the light from surface.
Light source 206 is shown as in fig. 2 and is positioned at after light guide 204 and is positioned at key body Below 202 and be oriented to projecting beam, the center parallel of described light beam is in the top of key body 202 Surface.In some embodiments, can by light source 206 relative to light guide and/or relative to Key can be illuminated and be positioned at other position, such as lower section rather than below, after rather than lower section, left Side or right side, before or other this type of relative position.Light source 206 is shown as in fig. 2 and is oriented photograph It is mapped in light guide 204.In some embodiments, during light source may be oriented so that light beam The heart will not enter light guide at the beginning, and (such as, this light source is oriented such that beam center light dorsad Guider).In such embodiments, it is possible to use mirror and/or lens as described herein Light source is made to redirect towards light guide.
Light source 206 can be in one or more positions and include one in one or more orientations Or multiple light.Light source 206 can be configured to connect from one or more controllers according to as described herein The signal received illuminates one or more light.Such as, controller can be sent in a timing to light source Between open or become certain color or the signal of closedown or other this type of signal.Example shown in Fig. 2 Show three light, be positioned at key surface behind and below, be oriented such that beam center one is opened Begin to enter light guide.As described herein, light source 206 can be the most controlled to allow the bright of light Degree and/or color change.Such as, light source 206 can include one or more wide range luminescence two Pole pipe (LED), brightness and the color both of which of these one or more light emitting diodes can be by computers System controls, and this computer system the most at least combines Fig. 1 and implements according at least one Interactive piano training devices 104 shown in scheme and/or controller 106.Wide range LED is can With multiple color and/or the electronic building brick that sends light with multiple gray scales.Such as, wide range LED Can be configured to send HONGGUANG with multiple intensity or brightness, send blue light with multiple intensity or brightness, Send green glow with multiple intensity or brightness, or send the HONGGUANG of one or more intensity, blue light and/ Or the combination of green glow.The HONGGUANG of one or more intensity, blue light and/or green glow can be launched wherein Combination embodiment in, can by wide range LED produce visible light colors nearly complete spectrum (also referred to as " wide range ").
In some embodiments, light source 206 may also include one or more optical processing element, should One or more optical processing elements include but not limited to mirror, shield, lens etc., and they can make Optical transport is changed by one or more methods.Such as, light source can be configured to irradiate all the time also And light intensity can be controlled by opening and closing the shield before light.Similarly, light source except Outside can illuminating before key, it is also possible to orientation in other directions, and can use one Or multiple reflecting surface (such as, mirror) and/or one or more reflecting element (such as, lens) come Redirect.It is contemplated that optical processor element and the method for change optical transport as herein described It is illustrated examples and other this type of optical processing element and optical transport changes method and also can be considered In the scope of the present disclosure.
Example shown in Fig. 2 can illuminate the first of the illuminated key (" in vain " key) that key is the first kind Example and being manufactured with cuts out region 208 to allow adjacent key at interactive piano training cartridge Put inner position and move freely.Described more below cut out region 208.It is contemplated that Other of the shape of key body 202, the shape cutting out region 208 and other key type described herein shows The shape of example only illustrated examples and be at least partially based on interactive piano training described herein The configuration of device.Based on other keyboard layout other configuration may cause different key shapes and/ Or different cut out shape.Such as, keyboard can be manufactured into key, the difference comprising varying number Key, various sizes of key, different trigger mechanisms and/or other difference of configuration.So, other Key shape and/or other key cut out region shape and also can be considered in the scope of the present disclosure.
Fig. 3 to 48 illustrates the different keys of the keyboard according to embodiment.Different keys and group thereof Part (such as, light guide), as shown in drawings, can have different geometries, and this depends on In they positions in keyboard and in music octave.Fig. 3 is to the key shown in 48 and assembly thereof In each of which can have optical signature, such as combine Fig. 2 and retouched elsewhere herein The optical signature stated.Fig. 3 illustrates to combine Fig. 2 and according to described by least one embodiment Example can illuminate the isometric top view of key.Key body 302 is shown as connected to light guide 304.? In embodiment, key body 302 can be manufactured into individual unit together with light guide 304.Key top table Face is key top surface as playing the part on surface 306 (also referred herein as " percussion surface ") The part being pressed to cause key to move (such as, as described herein around pivotal point pivot).
Fig. 4 illustrates combine Fig. 2 and can shine according to the example described by least one embodiment The isometric top view of bright key.Key body 402 is shown as and separates with light guide 404.
Fig. 5 illustrates combine Fig. 2 and can shine according to the example described by least one embodiment The isometric bottom view of bright key.Key body 502 is shown as connected to light guide 504.Light shown in Fig. 5 Guider 504 has two and cuts out district 506, and in some embodiments, the two cuts out district can To improve the light-transfer characteristic of light guide and to can also contribute to light guide in some embodiments Manufacture process.Such as, two cut out district 506 so that whole along any axis of light guide Body thickness reduces (such as, from top to bottom, from left to right and from front to back), so that light directing Device is easier to use the technology of such as injection molding to manufacture, and wherein material volume may be not appropriate for The injection molding of economy/in high quality in the case of without this type of passage.
Fig. 6 illustrates combine Fig. 2 and can shine according to the example described by least one embodiment The isometric bottom view of bright key.Key body 602 is shown as and separates with light guide 604.
Fig. 7 illustrates combine Fig. 2 and can shine according to the example described by least one embodiment The top view of bright key.Key body 702 with cut out region 704 and be such as combined Fig. 2 and according at least one The region 208 that cuts out described by individual embodiment illustrates together.Cut out region 704 allow adjacent fixed The black key of position is as described herein to be moved freely.
Fig. 8 illustrates combine Fig. 2 and can shine according to the example described by least one embodiment The right side view of bright key.Key body 802 is shown as connected to light guide 804.Light source 806 is shown as phase Light guide 804 is positioned.
Fig. 9 illustrates combine Fig. 2 and can shine according to the example described by least one embodiment The left side view of bright key.Key body 902 is shown as connected to light guide 904.Light source 906 is shown as phase Light guide 904 is positioned.
Figure 10 illustrates to combine Fig. 2 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the bottom view of key.Key body 1002 is shown as connected to light guide 1004.Figure 10 it also illustrates The example of instruction light source 1006 location can illuminate the close-up illustration 1008 of key.
Figure 11 illustrates to combine Fig. 2 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate three views of the first of key the from left to right cross section.Key body 1102 is shown as connected to light directing Device 1104.First view 1108 shows the cross section at position 1106 and illustrates key body The cross section of 1110 and the cross section of light guide 1112, wherein key body and light guide connect each other Connect.Second view 1114 shows the cross section of only key body 1116 at position 1106.Three-view diagram 1118 cross sections showing only light guide 1120 at position 1106.
Figure 12 illustrates to combine Figure 11 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the isometric view of the first of key the from left to right cross section.Key body 1202 is shown as connected to light directing Device 1204.
Figure 13 illustrates to combine Fig. 2 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate three views of the second of key the from left to right cross section.Key body 1302 is shown as connected to light directing Device 1304.First view 1308 shows the cross section at position 1306 and illustrates key body The cross section of 1310 and the cross section of light guide 1312, wherein key body and light guide connect each other Connect.Second view 1314 shows the cross section of only key body 1316 at position 1306.Three-view diagram 1318 cross sections showing only light guide 1320 at position 1306.
Figure 14 illustrates to combine Figure 13 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the isometric view of the second of key the from left to right cross section.Key body 1402 is shown as connected to light directing Device 1404.
Figure 15 illustrates to combine Fig. 2 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate three views of the 3rd of key from left to right cross section.Key body 1502 is shown as connected to light directing Device 1504.First view 1508 shows the cross section at position 1506 and illustrates key body The cross section of 1510 and the cross section of light guide 1512, wherein key body and light guide connect each other Connect.Second view 1514 shows the cross section of only key body 1516 at position 1506.Three-view diagram 1518 cross sections showing only light guide 1520 at position 1506.
Figure 16 illustrates to combine Figure 15 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the isometric view of the 3rd of key from left to right cross section.Key body 1602 is shown as connected to light directing Device 1604.
Figure 17 illustrates to combine Fig. 2 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate three views of the 4th of key from left to right cross section.Key body 1702 is shown as connected to light directing Device 1704.First view 1708 shows the cross section at position 1706 and illustrates key body The cross section of 1710 and the cross section of light guide 1712, wherein key body and light guide connect each other Connect.Second view 1714 shows the cross section of only key body 1716 at position 1706.Three-view diagram 1718 cross sections showing only light guide 1720 at position 1706.
Figure 18 illustrates to combine Figure 17 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the isometric view of the 4th of key from left to right cross section.Key body 1802 is shown as connected to light directing Device 1804.
Figure 19 illustrates to combine Fig. 2 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the isometric view of the 5th of key from left to right cross section.Key body 1902 is shown as connected to light directing Device 1904.Isometric view 1908 shows the cross section at position 1906.
Figure 20 illustrates to combine Fig. 2 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the view of the first of key the cross section from front to back.Key body 2002 is shown as connected to light guide 2004.This view show that the cross section at position 2006 of key body 2008.
Figure 21 illustrates to combine Fig. 2 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the view of the second of key the cross section from front to back.Key body 2102 is shown as connected to light guide 2104.This view show that the key body 2108 cross section at position 2106 and light guide 2110 Cross section at position 2106.
Figure 22 illustrates to combine Fig. 2 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the view of the 3rd of key cross section from front to back.Key body 2202 is shown as connected to light guide 2204.This view show that the key body 2208 cross section at position 2206 and light guide 2210 Cross section at position 2206.
Figure 23 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The example of the interactive piano training devices described by embodiment can illuminate the isometric top view of key. Example shown in Figure 23 can illuminate the example that key is the second key type.For convenience, the most also Second key type can be referred to as " black " key.In this case, the use of word " black " should It is understood to refer to the color (or other optical characteristics any) of key type rather than key type.Such as, " black " key can be black, can be white, can be certain other color, it is also possible to be face The combination of color.
Illustrate key body 2302 in fig 23.Example shown in Figure 23 can illuminate key and also include being correlated with Light guide (such as combines Fig. 2 and according to the light guide described by least one embodiment 204) and relevant source (such as combines Fig. 2 and according to the light source described by least one embodiment 206), although light guide and light source are the most invisible in the isometric view shown in Figure 23.With herein As the key body 202 of described white key, key body 2302 can be solid, can be hollow, also Solid-section and hollow section can be comprised, and can be manufactured with optical transport through key And/or one or more optical characteristics that the part passing key is correlated with.Such as, key body 2302 can It is made up of the material making the light part diffusion sent from key top surface, thus from the top surface of key body Form the light distribution being more uniformly distributed.In embodiments, key body 2302 can be made up of Merlon, Described Merlon have one or more light diffusion characteristic, have one or more manufacturing characteristics and/ Or there is one or more ruggedness characteristic.These characteristics can include but not limited to that the strength of materials is special Property, molded feature, impact resistance characteristic and/or other this class feature.
In embodiments, it is possible to use key body material such as SabicTM LexanTM FXD1414T To manufacture key body 2302.In such a embodiment, key body material has 600kgf/cm2 Tensile stress at yield, the tensile stress at break of 520kgf/cm2 and the stretching of 22,800kgf/cm2 Modulus (every piece of minimum 50mm).In such a embodiment, key body material at 23 DEG C and There is under the proportion of 1.18 the instrumented impact gross energy of 774cm-kgf.Key body 2302 wherein In the embodiment of injection molding, key body material has relevant to injection molding process or many Individual characteristic, including the baking temperatures of 120 DEG C, the accumulation drying time of 48 hours, 295 DEG C and 315 DEG C The molding temperature between melt temperature and 70 DEG C and 95 DEG C (being included) between (being included). Key body 2302 also can be made up of other material, these other materials such as acrylic compounds, polyester, Halogenated plastics and other this type of have acceptable light diffusion characteristic and have one or more other can Accept to manufacture and/or the plastics of all characteristics as mentioned above of ruggedness characteristic.
Key body 2302 also can be fabricated such that light may the most only irradiate through key along some axis Body.Such as, key body 2302 can be fabricated such that and can irradiate through key from the light below key Top, but largely or entirely light is obstructed and cannot irradiate the side through key.Light can be along some axles Line transmission and can use such as some manufacture material, some coating, some geometry and/ Or other this type of manufacturing technology is obstructed and can not transmit along other axis.Such as, some plastics can be real Optical transport the most more preferably or evenly, is coated to the opaque painting of key side (that is, between key) Layer (such as, by smearing or bat printing applies) can hinder optical transport to arrive adjacent key, adjacent keys location (example As, between key) opaque section optical transport can be hindered to arrive adjacent key.Therefore, key body 2302 Some faces can be translucent (such as, it is allowed to optical transport), some faces of key body 2302 are permissible It is opaque (such as, hinder optical transport), and some faces can be part translucent and part Opaque (such as, it is allowed to some light carry out transmission to a certain degree and hinder some light to carry out certain The transmission of the degree of kind).Key body 2302 shown in Figure 23 is translucent (to allow following at end face Illumination was shot through) and be opaque at left surface and right flank.In some embodiments, key Body 2302 may be translucent in the part in front.In some of the other embodiments, key Body 2302 may be opaque in front.The top surface of key body 2302 is probably at least part of light Sliding and/or glossiness.The conduct on key top surface is played surface 2304 and (also referred herein as " is tapped Surface ") part be key top surface be pressed that to cause key to move (such as, as described herein Around pivotal point pivot) part.
Figure 24 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the isometric top view of key.Key body 2402 is shown as and separates with light guide 2404.Scheme with combining 23 and according to the key body 2302 described by least one embodiment as, light guide 2404 Can be solid, can be hollow, it is also possible to comprise solid-section and hollow section.Photoconduction One or more optical characteristics can be included to device 2404.Such as, light guide 2404 can be by It is manufactured so that when using light source as described herein to illuminate, can irradiate through key.Implementing In scheme, light guide 2404 can be made up of plastics such as optical-grade acrylic, described optical grade third Olefin(e) acid has acceptable light-transfer characteristic (such as, reflectance, refractive index etc.) and also has one Individual or multiple manufacture and/or ruggedness characteristic, include but not limited to strength of materials characteristic, molded feature, Impact resistance characteristic and/or other this class feature.Light guide 2404 also can be made up of other material, These materials such as glass, Merlon, polyester, halogenated plastics and other this type of have acceptable Light-transfer characteristic and have one or more other manufacture and/or plastics of ruggedness characteristic.Photoconduction Also can be fabricated such that light may only irradiate through light guide along some axis to device 2404 2404.Light guide 2404 also can be fabricated such that light can be easier to along some axis, more Become clear and/or more uniformly irradiate through light guide 2404.Such as, light guide 2404 can quilt It is manufactured so that and as described herein can run through light guide from the light after light guide 2404 2404 uniformly and brightly irradiate out.
Light guide 2404 can be wedge shape.The wedge-type shape of light guide 2404 is (the most more Clearly diagram) internal refraction principle can be used so that light after light guide equably Before traveling to, described by light guide 204 as described in connection with figure 2.Other of light guide Manufacture view can change the light transmission by interactive piano training devices.Such as, light guide The coating of side and/or bottom can hinder optical transport to pass these surfaces, thus increases internal reflection also And improve the overall brightness of light.The coating of top surface and/or substitute for light guide can make The light diffusion that must send from this surface, thus reduce " focus " and contribute to light from top surface such as In conjunction with about uniform emission described by the light guide 204 described in Fig. 2 out.It addition, photoconduction Material concentration (along axis front and back) in the middle of the device so that the center of light guide is brighter and/or More light emission along this center set.Various coatings can be according to various embodiments with various sides Formula constructs, such as by be coated with trowel coating, by adhere to extra material layer (such as, plastic layer), By adhere to different material (such as, metal coating), by etching and these and/or other this The combination of class coating method.With combine Figure 23 and according to the key described by least one embodiment The optical characteristics of body 2302 is the same, can manufacture material, some coating, some geometry by some The optics that shape, some location and/or other this type of manufacturing technology obtain light guide 2404 is special Property.Light guide 2404 shown in Figure 24 is translucent at end face, at left surface and right flank It is opaque and to allow to run through light guide from the light of the light source being positioned at after light guide equal It is distributed evenly.
Figure 25 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the first isometric bottom view of key.Key body 2502 is shown as connected to light guide 2504.Figure 25 Shown light guide 2504 has two and cuts out district 2506, cuts with two combined described in Fig. 5 As going out district 506, in some embodiments, the two cuts out district and can improve light guide Light-transfer characteristic and can also contribute to the manufacture process of light guide in some embodiments.Such as, Two cut out district 2506 so that light guide along any axis integral thickness reduce (such as, From top to bottom, from left to right and from front to back), so that light guide is easier to use such as notes The technology penetrating molding manufactures.
Figure 26 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the first isometric bottom view of key.Key body 2602 is shown as and separates with light guide 2604.
Figure 27 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the second isometric bottom view of key.Key body 2702 is shown as connected to light guide 2704.Light source 2706 are shown as and position and be oriented to projecting beam, described light beam relative to light guide 2704 Center parallel in the top surface of key body 2702.In some embodiments, can be by light source 2706 Be positioned at other position relative to light guide and/or relative to key can be illuminated, such as lower section rather than Below, after rather than lower section, left side or right side, before or other this type of relative position.Light source 2706 are positioned in figure 27 after light guide 2704 and are positioned at below key body 2702. Light source 2706 is oriented to be irradiated in light guide 2704.In some embodiments, light source May be oriented so that and will not enter light guide at the beginning by beam center (such as, this light source is directed Become to make beam center away from light guide to device).In such embodiments, it is possible to use as herein Described mirror and/or lens make light source redirect towards light guide.
Light source 2706 can include one or more light (example shown in Figure 27 illustrates a light). Light source 2706 can be configured to according to the signal received from one or more controllers as described herein Illuminate one or more light.Such as, controller can to light source be sent in certain time open or Become certain color or the signal of closedown or other this type of signal.As described herein, light source 2706 Can the change of the most controlled brightness and/or color to realize light.Such as, light source 2706 can To include one or more wide range light emitting diode (LED), these one or more light emitting diodes Brightness and color can be by computer system control, and this computer system the most at least combines Fig. 1 And according to the interactive piano training devices 104 shown at least one embodiment and/or control Device 106.Wide range LED is can be with multiple color and/or the electronics sending light with multiple gray scales Assembly.Such as, wide range LED can be configured to send HONGGUANG with multiple intensity or brightness, with many Individual intensity or brightness send blue light, send green glow with multiple intensity or brightness, or send one or The combination of the HONGGUANG of multiple intensity, blue light and/or green glow.Can launch wherein one or more by force In the embodiment of the combination of HONGGUANG, blue light and/or the green glow of degree, can be produced by wide range LED The nearly complete spectrum (also referred to as " nearly full spectrum ") of raw visible light colors.
In some embodiments, light source 2706 may also include one or more optical processing element, These one or more optical processing elements include but not limited to mirror, shield, lens etc., and they are permissible Use one or more methods to change optical transport.Such as, light source can be configured to irradiate all the time And light intensity can be controlled by opening and closing the shield before light.Similarly, light source removes Outside can illuminating before key, it is also possible to orientation in other directions, and can use one Individual or multiple reflecting surface (such as, mirror) and/or one or more reflecting element (such as, lens) Redirect.It is contemplated that optical processor element and the side of change optical transport as herein described Method is illustrated examples and other this type of optical processing element and optical transport changes method and also can be considered In the scope of the present disclosure.
Figure 28 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the second isometric bottom view of key.Key body 2802 is shown as and separates with light guide.Light source 2806 It is shown as and positions relative to light guide 2804.
Figure 29 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the top view of key.Key body 2902 is shown as connected to light guide 2904.Figure 29 it also illustrates Show the example that the position of light guide 2904 and light source 2906 position relative to light guide 2904 The close-up illustration 2908 of key can be illuminated.
Figure 30 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the bottom view of key.Key body 3002 is shown as connected to light guide 3004.Light source 3006 is shown as Position relative to light guide 3004.
Figure 31 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the right side view of key.Illustrate only key body 3102.
Figure 32 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the right side view of key.Key body 3202 is shown as and separates with light guide 3204.Light source 3206 It is shown as and positions relative to light guide 3204.
Figure 33 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the isometric view of the first of key the from left to right cross section.Key body 3302 is shown as connected to light directing Device 3304.
Figure 34 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the isometric view of the second of key the from left to right cross section.Key body 3402 is shown as connected to light directing Device 3404.
Figure 35 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the isometric view of the 3rd of key from left to right cross section.Figure 35 illustrates key body 3502.
Figure 36 illustrates to combine Figure 23 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the isometric view of key, relative to combining Fig. 2 and according to described at least one embodiment Example can illuminate key location.Figure 36 illustrates that the left side navigating to black key 3604 is (as from the top of key Observe) and the white key 3602 of neighbouring black key 3604.What black key was positioned at white key cuts out region In 3606, thus the two key is allowed to move freely as described in connection with figure 2.
Figure 37 illustrates to combine Fig. 2 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the top view of key, relative to combining Figure 23 and according to showing described at least one embodiment Example can illuminate key location.Figure 37 illustrates that the left side navigating to black key 3704 is (as seen from the top of key Examine) and the white key 3702 of neighbouring black key 3704.
Figure 38 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The example of the interactive piano training devices described by embodiment can illuminate the top view of key.Figure 38 Shown example can illuminate key and can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and have common trait, These features include but not limited to material, building method, opacity and overall dimensions.Figure 38 Shown example can illuminate as key also can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2, with it Its assembly has common relation, includes but not limited to the existence of light guide, one or more light source Exist and the location in key board unit.It is permissible at key vpg connection that example shown in Figure 38 can illuminate key It is different from example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and can illuminate key.Example described in conjunction with Figure 2 can illuminate Key has the single region that cuts out, thus allows adjacent black key to move freely, and the example shown in Figure 38 Key can be illuminated there are two cut out region, thus allow adjacent black key to move freely.Figure 38 illustrates There is left cut and go out region 3804 and right cut goes out the key body 3802 in region 3806.
Figure 39 illustrates to combine Figure 38 and can according to the example described by least one embodiment Illuminate the top view of key, relative to combining Figure 23 and according to showing described at least one embodiment Example can illuminate two example location of key.Figure 39 illustrates to navigate to the right side of the first black key 3904 (as observed from the top of key) and neighbouring first black key 3904 and navigate to the second black key 3906 Left side (as observed from the top of key) and the white key 3902 of neighbouring second black key 3906.
Figure 40 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The example of the interactive piano training devices described by embodiment can illuminate the top view of key.Figure 40 Shown example can illuminate key and can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and have common trait, These features include but not limited to material, building method, opacity and overall dimensions.Figure 40 Shown example can illuminate as key also can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2, with it Its assembly has common relation, includes but not limited to the existence of light guide, one or more light source Exist and the location in key board unit.It is permissible at key vpg connection that example shown in Figure 40 can illuminate key It is different from example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and can illuminate key.Example described in conjunction with Figure 2 can illuminate Key has on the right side of key and single cuts out region (as observed from the top of key), thus allows adjacent black Key moves freely, and the example shown in Figure 40 can illuminate key and have on the left of key and single cut out region (as observed from the top of key), thus allow adjacent black key to move freely.Figure 40 illustrates to have and cuts Go out the key body 4002 in region 4004.
Figure 41 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The top view of five piano keies of the interactive piano training devices described in embodiment.Figure 41 explanation Combine Fig. 2 and key, combination figure can be illuminated according to the example described by least one embodiment 38 and key can be illuminated according to the example described by least one embodiment and combine Figure 40 also And key can be illuminated according to the example described by least one embodiment.Three white key are relative to such as knot Close Figure 23 and two examples of key can be illuminated according to the example described by least one embodiment Location.Figure 41 illustrate to be placed into the first black key 4104 left side (as observed from the top of key) and And the first white key 4102 of neighbouring first black key 4104, be placed into the first black key 4104 right side (as Observe from the top of key) and neighbouring first black key 4104 and be placed into the left side of the second black key 4108 Side (as observed from the top of key) and the second white key 4106, Yi Jifang of neighbouring second black key 4108 Put the right side (as observed) of the second black key 4108 and neighbouring second black key 4108 from the top of key The 3rd white key 4110.
Figure 42 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The example of the interactive piano training devices described by embodiment can illuminate the top view of key.Figure 42 Shown example can illuminate key and can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and have common trait, These features include but not limited to material, building method, opacity and overall dimensions.Figure 42 Shown example can illuminate as key also can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2, with it Its assembly has common relation, includes but not limited to the existence of light guide, one or more light source Exist and the location in key board unit.It is permissible at key vpg connection that example shown in Figure 42 can illuminate key It is different from example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and can illuminate key.Example described in conjunction with Figure 2 can illuminate Key has on the right side of key and cuts out region (as observed from the top of key), thus allows adjacent black key freely Mobile.Example shown in Figure 42 can illuminate key also to be had on the right side of key and cuts out region (as from the top of key Portion is observed), thus allow adjacent black key to move freely, but can shine with example described in conjunction with Figure 2 The region that cuts out of bright key is compared, on the right side of key to cut out region 4204 (as observed) from the top of key bigger (that is, prolong towards Jian Ti center and project farther, as observed from the top of key).Figure 42 illustrates have Cut out the key body 4204 in region 4204.
Figure 43 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The example of the interactive piano training devices described by embodiment can illuminate the top view of key.Figure 43 Shown example can illuminate key and can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and have common trait, These features include but not limited to material, building method, opacity and overall dimensions.Figure 43 Shown example can illuminate as key also can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2, with it Its assembly has common relation, includes but not limited to the existence of light guide, one or more light source Exist and the location in key board unit.It is permissible at key vpg connection that example shown in Figure 43 can illuminate key It is different from example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and can illuminate key.Example described in conjunction with Figure 2 can illuminate Key has the single region that cuts out, thus allows adjacent black key to move freely, and the example shown in Figure 43 Key can be illuminated there are two cut out region, thus allow adjacent black key to move freely.Show shown in Figure 43 Example can illuminate two of key and cut out region and be different from example described in conjunction with Figure 38 and can illuminate key Two cut out region.Compared with going out region 3804 with left cut described in conjunction with Figure 38, shown in Figure 43 Example can illuminate the left cut of key and go out region 4304 less (that is, the center towards key body will not extend Too remote, as observed from the top of key).It addition, go out region 3806 with right cut described in conjunction with Figure 38 Comparing, Figure 43 example shown can illuminate the right cut of key and go out region 4306 more greatly (that is, towards key body Center is prolonged and is projected farther, as observed from the top of key).Figure 43 illustrates that having left cut goes out region 4304 With the key body 4302 that right cut goes out region 4306.
Figure 44 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The example of the interactive piano training devices described by embodiment can illuminate the top view of key.Figure 44 Shown example can illuminate key and can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and have common trait, These features include but not limited to material, building method, opacity and overall dimensions.Figure 44 Shown example can illuminate as key also can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2, with it Its assembly has common relation, includes but not limited to the existence of light guide, one or more light source Exist and the location in key board unit.It is permissible at key vpg connection that example shown in Figure 44 can illuminate key It is different from example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and can illuminate key.Example described in conjunction with Figure 2 can illuminate Key has the single region that cuts out, thus allows adjacent black key to move freely, and the example shown in Figure 44 Key can be illuminated there are two cut out region, thus allow adjacent black key to move freely.Show shown in Figure 44 Example can illuminate two of key and cut out region and be different from example described in conjunction with Figure 43 and can illuminate key Two cut out region.Compared with going out region 4304 with left cut described in conjunction with Figure 43, shown in Figure 44 Example can illuminate the left cut of key go out region 4404 bigger (that is, the center towards key body is prolonged and is projected farther, As observed from the top of key).It addition, compared with going out region 4306 with right cut described in conjunction with Figure 43, Figure 43 example shown can illuminate the right cut of key go out region 4406 less (that is, towards key body center not Can extend much too far, as observed from the top of key).Figure 44 illustrates that having left cut goes out region 4404 With the key body 4402 that right cut goes out region 4406.
Figure 45 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The example of the interactive piano training devices described by embodiment can illuminate the top view of key.Figure 45 Shown example can illuminate key and can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and have common trait, These features include but not limited to material, building method, opacity and overall dimensions.Figure 45 Shown example can illuminate as key also can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2, with it Its assembly has common relation, includes but not limited to the existence of light guide, one or more light source Exist and the location in key board unit.It is permissible at key vpg connection that example shown in Figure 45 can illuminate key It is different from example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and can illuminate key.Example described in conjunction with Figure 2 can illuminate Key has on the right side of key and cuts out region (as observed from the top of key), thus allows adjacent black key freely Mobile.Example described by Figure 45 can illuminate key to be had on the left of key and cuts out region (as from the top of key Portion is observed), thus allow adjacent black key to move freely.Example described by Figure 45 can illuminate key Left cut goes out region and is different from example described in conjunction with Figure 40 and can illuminate the left cut of key and go out region.With knot Conjunction left cut described by Figure 40 goes out region 4004 and compares, and Figure 45 example shown can illuminate the left cut of key Go out region 4504 bigger (that is, the center towards key body prolong project farther, as observed) from the top of key. Figure 45 illustrates have the key body 4502 cutting out region 4504.
Figure 46 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The top view of five piano keies of the interactive piano training devices described in embodiment.Figure 46 explanation Combine Figure 42 and key, combination figure can be illuminated according to the example described by least one embodiment 43 and according to the example described by least one embodiment can illuminate key, combine Figure 44 and According to the example described by least one embodiment can illuminate key and combine Figure 45 and according to Example described by least one embodiment can illuminate key.Four white key are relative to such as combining Figure 23 And three example location of key can be illuminated according to the example described by least one embodiment.Figure 46 left sides (as observed from the top of key) illustrating to be placed into the first black key 4604 and neighbouring the The first white key 4602 of one black key 4604, it is placed into the right side of the first black key 4604 (as from key Top is observed) and neighbouring first black key 4604 and be placed into the second black key 4608 left side (as Observe from the top of key) and the second white key 4606 of neighbouring second black key 4608, it is placed into second The right side of black key 4608 (as observed from the top of key) and neighbouring second black key 4608 and place To the left side (as observed from the top of key) of the 3rd black key 4612 and adjacent to the 3rd black key 4612 3rd white key 4610, and it is placed into the right side (as observed) of the 3rd black key 4612 from the top of key And the 4th white key 4614 of neighbouring 3rd black key 4612.
Figure 47 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The top view of 12 piano keies of the interactive piano training devices described by embodiment.Figure 47 Illustrate combine Fig. 2 and key, knot can be illuminated according to the example described by least one embodiment Close Figure 38 and key can be illuminated according to the example described by least one embodiment, combine Figure 40 And according to the example described by least one embodiment can illuminate key, combine Figure 42 and according to Example described by least one embodiment can illuminate key, combine Figure 43 and according at least one Example described by embodiment can illuminate key, example described in conjunction with Figure 44 can illuminate key and Key can be illuminated in conjunction with Figure 45 and according to the example described by least one embodiment.Seven white key Five examples location of key can be illuminated, as combined Figure 23 and according at least one reality relative to example Execute described by scheme.
Figure 47 illustrate to be placed into the first black key 4704 left side (as observed from the top of key) and The first white key 4702 of neighbouring first black key 4704, be placed into the first black key 4704 right side (as Observe from the top of key) and neighbouring first black key 4704 and be placed into the left side of the second black key 4708 Side (as observed from the top of key) and the second white key 4706 of neighbouring second black key 4708, it is placed into The of the right side of the second black key 4708 (as observed from the top of key) and neighbouring second black key 4708 Three white key 4710, the right side (as observed from the top of key) being placed into the 3rd white key 4710 are and neighbouring 3rd white key 4710 and be placed into the 3rd black key 4714 left side (as from the top of key observe) and And the 4th white key 4712 of neighbouring 3rd black key 4714, be placed into the 3rd black key 4714 right side (as Observe from the top of key) and neighbouring 3rd black key 4714 and be placed into the left side of the 4th black key 4718 Side (as observed from the top of key) and the 5th white key 4716 of neighbouring 4th black key 4718, it is placed into The right side of the 4th black key 4718 (as observed from the top of key) and neighbouring 4th black key 4718 and It is placed into the left side (as observed) of the 5th black key 4722 and neighbouring 5th black key from the top of key 6th white key 4720 of 4722, and it is placed into the right side of the 5th black key 4722 (as from the top of key Observe) and the 7th white key 4724 of neighbouring 5th black key 4722.
When combining common fingerboard and using, 12 shown in Figure 47 key can represent piano The single octave of keyboard.Such as, key 4702 can represent " C tune ", and key 4704 can represent " C ditty " (" C# ") or " fall D adjusts "Key 4706 can represent " D tune " Etc., wherein 12 notes of octave correspond to 12 keys.Can be by repeating Figure 47 The layout of shown 12 keys provides and provides multiple octave on keyboard.It is contemplated that Other tone arrangement of note (and therefore key other arrange) can be considered the model in the disclosure In enclosing.Such as, differential key dish can provide multiple tone between " naturally " pitch, thus Cause comprising multiple key in single interval.Such as, the common every octave of differential scale can include Nineteen, 22,36 or more tone, thus form corresponding key and arrange. It is also envisaged that, can such as combine Fig. 1 and according at least one reality by using controller Execute the controller 106 described by scheme and key is reprogrammed to provide other tone arrangement of note, and And also can be considered in the scope of the present disclosure by reprogramming other tone arrangement provided.Example As, can by be reprogrammed to three " standard " octave to implement 36 tone octave with Represent single differential sound octave.
In embodiments, from the perspective of electronics, can by all for key combination as shown in figure 47 Key combination be considered as keyset close.Such as, the keyset shown in Figure 47 closes and can connect in single " group " Being connected together, this group can be in multiple groups on keyboard.In such a embodiment, The illumination events being used for illuminating key 4710 can be sent to such as the key five of X " group " rather than Such as key " 29 ".This key combination can realize the more streaming and/or also of these keys in groups The process of rowization, thus be preferably easy to be processed multiple event by illumination events manager simultaneously.This Kind of parallel processing also can be by being sent to correct group and order in this group subsequently parallel by order Ground processes these orders and prevents from occurring when processing the key near keyboard end delayed.Embodiment party In case, key packet size may be little as single key, consequently facilitating each key of parallel processing simultaneously.
Figure 48 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The example of the interactive piano training devices described by embodiment can illuminate the top view of key.Figure 48 Shown example can illuminate key and can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and have common trait, These features include but not limited to material, building method, opacity and overall dimensions.Figure 48 Shown example can illuminate as key also can illuminate key with example described in conjunction with Figure 2, with it Its assembly has common relation, includes but not limited to the existence of light guide, one or more light source Exist and the location in key board unit.Figure 48 example shown can illuminate key can not at key vpg connection It is same as example described in conjunction with Figure 2 and can illuminate key.Example described in conjunction with Figure 2 can illuminate key There is the single region that cuts out, thus allow adjacent black key to move freely, and the example shown in Figure 48 can Illuminate key there are two to cut out region, thus allow adjacent black key to be close to other white key location.
Can navigate to the illuminated key shown in Figure 48 combine Fig. 2 and according at least one reality Execute the example described by scheme to illuminate the left side (as observed from the top of key) of key and show adjacent to this Example can illuminate key, maybe can navigate to combine Figure 40 and according to described by least one embodiment Example can illuminate the right side (as observed) of key from the top of key and this example neighbouring can illuminate key, Maybe can navigate to combine Figure 42 and can shine according to the example described by least one embodiment The left side (as observed from the top of key) of bright key and this example neighbouring can illuminate key or can position To combining Figure 45 and the right side of key can be illuminated according to the example described by least one embodiment (as observed from the top of key) and this example neighbouring can illuminate key.Figure 48 illustrates key body 4802.
Figure 49 illustrates such as to combine Fig. 1 and according at least for interactive piano training devices For interactive piano training devices described by one embodiment, example can illuminate key and be somebody's turn to do Light source that key is relevant and the trigger mechanism relevant to this key.Example shown in Figure 49 can illuminate key (its Including key body 4902, light guide 4904 and light source 4906, such as combine Fig. 2 and according to extremely Described by a few embodiment) be pressed 4912 time, can pivot also at pivotal point 4908 And engage 4914 with switch 4910.Switch 4910 can be mechanical switch, it is possible to for electrical switch, It is alternatively photoswitch, it is possible to for contact switch, it is possible to for some other type of switch.Such as, Switch 4910 can be made up of a butt contact, and this butt contact, when key pivots, makes circuit complete, Show that key is pressed.Switch 4910 is shown as below key body 4902, but also could attach to key body And/or be otherwise embedded in key body.In some embodiments, switch 4910 can be by It is configured to provide information, duration that pressure that speed that such as key is pressed, key are pressed, key are pressed, What key was pressed unclamp or these and/or other key presses the combination of relevant information.
Figure 50 illustrates such as to combine Fig. 1 and according at least for interactive piano training devices For interactive piano training devices described by one embodiment, example can illuminate key and be somebody's turn to do Light source that key is relevant and the trigger mechanism relevant to this key.Example shown in Figure 50 can illuminate key (its Including key body 5002, light guide 5004 and light source 5006, such as combine Fig. 2 and according to extremely Described by a few embodiment) be pressed 5012 time, can pivot also at pivotal point 5008 And engage 5014 with switch 5010.As herein in conjunction with the switch 4910 described in Figure 49, open Closing 5010 can be mechanical switch, it is possible to for electrical switch, it is possible to for photoswitch, it is possible to open for contact Close, it is possible to for some other type of switch.Switch 5010 is shown as above key body 5002, and And in some embodiments, information can be configured to provide, speed that such as key is pressed, key What duration that the pressure pressed, key are pressed, key were pressed unclamp or these and/or other key is pressed relevant The combination of information.
Figure 51 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The top view of multiple piano keies 5102 of the interactive piano training devices described in embodiment.Figure Example shown in 51 is to have the usual keyboard configuration of 61 keys (five octave are plus extra Note).Other common layout can include that (88 keys represent 7.5 eight to standard steel piano key board Degree sound) and extend fingerboard (there are 90 or more keys) and two, three and four octaves Key dish.It is contemplated that the quantity of keyboard internal key described herein and be arranged as illustrated examples And other such quantity of key and layout also can be considered in the scope of the present disclosure.
Figure 52 illustrates wherein to manage and interactive piano instruction according at least one embodiment Practice the example of the relevant connector of device interactive training the most described in conjunction with Figure 1 piano device Environment 5200.Key can be produced by pressing and/or unclamping the key of interactive piano training devices Event 5206.Can notify to key events manager 5204 send key event, this key events manages Device can send to course management device 5208 to audio player 5202 send key event and also Key events.Also (referred to herein as " record key thing can be notified by such as course management device record key events Part ") for playing subsequently and analyzing.Audio player 5202 can be configured to receive key events Order as such as musical instrument digital interface (" MIDI ").Audio player can use these events To use such as synthesizer to trigger sound or sound that is that recorded and/or that synthesize can be passed through (such as, SoundFontTM, sound (" DLS "), general MIDI (" GM ") can be downloaded, refer to The sound etc. that the person of leading provides) trigger broadcasting.Course management device 5208 can be at least partially based on class Journey 5218 sends event to light task manager 5214, and this light task manager also can be as light Event 5216 is sent to interactive piano training devices.In embodiments, light task manager 5214 can include color theme manager, and this color theme manager is configured at least part of base In selected color theme, illumination events is responded.In such a embodiment, User can select color theme, or can be at least partially based on course 5218 to select color master Topic, or color theme can be selected based on some other factors.Course management device can also be to Audio player 5202 sends sound event, such as to present the suitable sound corresponding with course note Sound, change one or more sound property or perform other such audio function.Course management Device 5208 may be based on course 5218 and/or carrys out compiled results 5210 based on key events 5206.Class Thread management device 5208 can cause showing result 5210 on display 5212.Course management device 5208 can cause showing other purpose, include but not limited to course a part (such as, music score, Course progress etc.).
Figure 53 illustrates wherein can notify key events and illumination events to be sent to interactive piano instruction Practice device such as combine Fig. 1 and instruct according to the interactive piano described by least one embodiment Practice device and therefrom receive key events and the example context 5300 of illumination events notice.At computer Under the control of system controller the most described in conjunction with Figure 1 106, light task manager 5302 Can produce the smooth event of first relevant to key 5,316 5304, this key can be interactive piano training In multiple keys of device 5314 one.First smooth event 5304 can include information, including but Be not limited to the identifier relevant to key or address, illuminate the time of key, the duration making key keep illuminating, The color illuminating key, the brightness illuminating key and/or other this type of event.First smooth event 5304 is also Multiple complex information can be included, such as illuminate " oblique ascension " and " oblique deascension " profile, the color of change Value, the brightness value of change and/or other this type of complex information.In response to the first smooth event 5304, Interactive piano training devices 5314 can cause all light as described herein of one or more light source Source illuminates with the value corresponding to the first smooth event 5304.Light task manager can be configured at meter Calculation machine system is such as sending light event under the controller of the second smooth key events 5306 further to close Close the one or more light sources relevant to key 5316.
Key events manager 5308 also can carry out under the control of a computer system configuring with receive with The key events that the key of interactive piano training devices 5314 is correlated with.Such as, if user presses key 5318, then key down event 5310 can be produced and send it to key events manager 5308, This key events manager include the identifier relevant to key or address and press the time of key, speed, Pressure etc..Subsequently, once reverse keys 5318, key upwards event 5312 can be produced and by it Deliver to key events manager 5308, show key upwards event.In some embodiments, interactive Piano training devices 5314 can be configured to allow simultaneous processor multiple event (such as, light thing Part and/or key events).
Figure 54 illustrate for use interactive piano training devices such as combine Fig. 1 and according to Interactive piano training devices described by least one embodiment to carry out practising according to attending class Instantiation procedure 5400.Controller such as controller 106 may be used for the process shown in Figure 54 that performs. First controller may determine whether to start and/or continue to play exercise 5402.Such as this paper institute Using, " broadcasting " may refer to student according to the process carrying out practising of attending class, in some embodiments In, this process can include performing in order a series of exercise coherent element and (note, chord, stop Stop) and can carry out according to music rhythm.During playing, controller can provide one or Multiple broadcasting designators, such as illuminate key table and show and should play note.Broadcasting designator may also include The designator on display is made to advance with current location relevant to exercise in instruction music score.Such as, Vertical line can be with score corresponding to the current location in score and/or make current note collection in score Close the position distinguished with other note to intersect, such as by presenting current note with different colors Set.Other can be provided to play designator by controller, these designators include but not limited to: add The note of bright music score;The video playback of the music relevant to music score is played about director;Appropriate hands The display of location;Or other broadcasting designator.
In this example, exercise can include regarding the note series reading song according to music score.Play instruction Symbol may indicate that the appropriate broadcasting of note series.Before playing first note, playing designator can To illuminate the key relevant to first note, music score can be highlighted with instruction note and can wait subsequently Treat that note is played.When playing note, play designator can illuminate with note series under The next key that one note is corresponding, can highlight music score with the next note of instruction etc..One Under a little play mode, playing designator can be independent of music rhythm, it is also possible to according to the Music Day, Other can also practise and/or course relating to parameters with some.This document describes other play mode and Designator.
About whether should start and/or continue play 5402 determination can based on receive one or Multiple events, one or more trigger mechanism, course content, course progress (such as, user), Exercise, exercise progress or itself it is determined that.Such as, broadcasting can be owing to user be after selecting course Control panel as herein described presses " broadcasting " and starts or can be in countdown to after date Start (such as, with the pattern of all test patterns as described herein).Controller next can be from key Sequence of events is collected key events and is notified 5404.Key events notice in key events sequence can include certainly Previously collected since the key events from key events sequence notifies, and pressed with key and/or key unclamps relevant Key events notice.Next controller may determine that the time location 5406 of broadcasting.Such as this paper institute Using, " time location " may refer to the position in play sequence.Such as, when playing beginning, When time location can be exercise beginning.Along with the carrying out of exercise, time location can be based on music score In to relevant next note, the chord of exercise or stop and advance, or can be based on the Music Day Play and advance, or can be all as in response to user controls and advances based on other this type of event.Time Between position also can invert such as to restart exercise;Repeat phrase;Return to previous note, Chord or stop;In response to user's control or restart due to certain other such event or Reversion.
In some embodiments, controller can be configured to push ahead or return to start pleasure Sentence.As used herein, " phrase " be possible with a part for such as melody, certain figure, one Relevant or according to certain other relation the note of Duan Lepu combines.Phrase can by director (course and/ Or the creator of exercise) determine or can automatically determine according to music score context.For example, it is possible to will frequency Heavy one section of multiple melody is defined as including phrase.In some embodiments, phrase can grown Time stop after, syllable when starting or starts at other this type of music indicator at certain.Phrase Start also can occur that the position of one or more mistake determines relative in playing.Such as, if Student is in 16 trifle phrases, and some mistakes occurs in the 12nd trifle and the 13rd trifle, that Play and may repeat to return the 12nd trifle until mistake is corrected, and pleasure can be returned subsequently So that student plays whole 16 trifle phrases when sentence starts.In some embodiments, the opening of phrase Begin to depend on the hands relevant to particular note.Common figure is intended to play phrase with left hand, and And use the right hand to play at the same phrase compared with loud region echo subsequently.The mistake of right hand note can Can cause playing and return left hand note when starting to realize whole section appropriately play.
If existing according to key events sequence and key events to be processed notified 5408, then controller Key events notice can be processed to determine which note user has played based on key events notice 5410.Key events from sequence of events notifies to include that multiple key events notifies.Real at some Executing in scheme, the process shown in Figure 54 can sufficiently rapidly circulate, so that in key events notice Each of which can be considered to occur simultaneously.In some embodiments, key events notice can be wrapped Include clocking information as described herein, thus allow controller by the temporarily classification of key events notice.Example As, play it can be shown that user should play whole note with first-hand thrum, and simultaneously with second Finger plays four crotchets.Key events notice include two almost key down event simultaneously (use In whole note with for the first crotchet), for the first crotchet key upwards event, be used for The key down event of the second crotchet and key upwards event, downward for the key of the 3rd crotchet Event and key upwards event, for the 4th crotchet key down event and approximation according to this order Two key upwards events (for the 4th crotchet with for whole note).
Controller can then determine should play which note 5412 based on the time location play And by these notes with play note and compare 5414.So, such as, described above Example in, desired value and actual event can be compared to observe key events notice by controller Whether corresponding to appropriate order, appropriate key and/or appropriate timing.Playing chord, (such as, C is big Mediation string, it is that note C adjusts, E is in harmonious proportion G tune) in the case of, if relative with these three key The key answered is played in threshold time each other, then there is correct key events notice.Mistake can To include tapping different key, not tap they and other this type of mistake in the approximately the same time. Such as, if user plays on the contrary, C adjusts, fall E is in harmonious proportion G tune (C ditty chord), then this can Mistake can be caused.If there is error 5416 between the note that should play and the note played, So controller can be created one or more smooth events based on these mistakes subsequently and notify 5418.? In some embodiments, when there is not event and being processed, controller can by the key played with The key that should play compares.Such as, if there is playing based on the time location play Key and there is not any key events, then this is probably mistake in some operating modes.
Next controller may determine that next whether there is any key should be played by user 5420, and if there is 5422, then one or many can be created based on these keys ensuing Individual light event 5424.Such as, the ensuing key in playing wherein is corresponding to c major chord In the case of, controller can illuminate the key corresponding with these notes.The most previously play In the case of there is time interval between key and the key next will played, controller can wait Illuminate ensuing key, ensuing key maybe can be made to flash, or can be with different color illuminations Ensuing key, maybe can strengthen the illumination of ensuing key, maybe can perform certain other this type of Process is to show not yet to illuminate ensuing key to the time.In some embodiments, controller Such as replacement color and/or replacement illumination scheme can be configured to use to illuminate following key Substitute fingering.Finally, controller can be come by one or more color themes as described herein Process any collected light event and notify 5426, can be sent this to interactive piano training devices A little light events notify 5428, and finishing playing 5430 (such as, based on time location, based on Error accumulation or based on certain itself it is determined that in the case of), can stop playing 5432.At some In embodiment, controller is also based on one or more mistake and/or based on class as described herein Journey content adjusts reproduction time.
In some embodiments, the instantiation procedure shown in Figure 54 can be practiced based on one or more Habit pattern is in a different order and/or different timing is carried out.Such as, there is the reality of learning model Executing in scheme, controller can be ignored the time location of broadcasting and can produce for illuminating key Illumination events and so that these keys keep illumination until user press this key.In this pattern Under, broadcasting can be considered as music event sequence and time location can be considered as in this sequence Position, considers how regardless of any music rhythm and/or other this type of time.In such a mode, Exercise can be carried out by enabling users following the instruction of illumination events, regardless of relevant to exercise Music score rhythm how.In a mode, controller can be with send key illumination events to show User should play this key and subsequently can be with monitoring key event to determine whether to press this key.Fail Press this key and/or press key error and may result in the illumination of required key and change, may make This key illuminates more brightly, or flicker, or certain other this type of designator, including suspending Play until mistake is corrected.Such as, at wherein whole note described above with four orders In the example that crotchet is played, in such a mode, controller is so that whole note is whole Illumination, simultaneously four crotchets of illumination are kept in sequence context.Unclamp whole note may result in Whole note is with different color illuminations and is likely to suspend (that is, the illumination thing of the broadcasting to crotchet Part).
In the embodiment with more advanced play mode, controller can be assessed student and play The progress of period and determine whether to continue to play based on this progress.Such as, if the user while song Period has played incorrect note (such as, as a part for chord), then controller can be temporary Stop entering chord learning model or may return to previous syllable, or (can include in broadcasting When playing beginning) return to certain other such previous point.The determination whether return continues to play also may be used Based on the following: key presses the timing of event;The timing that key unclamps;Relative timing (the example of key events As, chord should played while playing with arpeggio, vice versa);Or other this type of determine. In some embodiments, it is provided that advanced play mode, this advanced person's play mode is in the phase of broadcasting Between will not illuminate any key and provide the most after being played correct key and/or the feedback of key timing. Such a embodiment may also include " test " pattern with scoring, and this test pattern is counted Time, this causes the assessment playing progress, defines timing and/or mistake.Different test patterns Can assess based on different tolerance.Such as, a kind of test pattern may need appropriate note and Need not appropriate timing, a kind of test pattern may need appropriate timing without appropriate note, A kind of test pattern may both need appropriate timing to be also required to appropriate note etc..Such embodiment party In case, can course and/or exercise assessment during use key illumination events come over the display and Interactive piano training devices highlights mistake.
Figure 55 illustrates that wherein relevant to illuminating color theme illumination events can be by interactive piano Training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according to the interactive piano described by least one embodiment The example context 5500 that training devices processes.(it can be by light as described herein for light event 5502 Task manager receives) first color theme 5504 can be used to process by light task manager.Face Color theme can provide the extra control of the illuminating color to particular key and intensity.For example, it is possible to will Color theme is arranged in light task manager with the key that will should be played with left hand by user with redness Illumination.In such a example, light event can include the letter relevant with the handedness of light event Breath (that is, " by left hand key X when time Y with color illumination ").Such a color theme produces Raw by key X instruction with color illumination when time Y.Another color theme can be shown that, should It is green by left hand key colored illumination, maybe should ignore the handedness of key, or use some other This type of parameter.Still should play note (" handedness ") with the right hand with left hand maybe should use Which root finger can be by note on musical context, specific clef with the determination pressing key (" fingering ") Location (bass, high pitch etc.) determine, or determined (course creator) by director.Note hands is inclined Property can encode and in some embodiments in the metadata relevant to music score, can be in music score Coding.
Color theme also can be configured to based upon other factors to change color and/or the intensity of light.Example As, the soft note (such as, off beat) played may be than the note (such as, forte) played loudly Illuminate the most brightly.In light task manager, the use of color theme can allow different row For, and without changing bottom event notice.It is contemplated that it is as herein described different types of The color theme behavior of color theme behavior illustrated examples and other these types can be considered In the scope of the present disclosure.After have selected the parameter for illuminating key, illumination events can be sent out Delivering to lighting controller 5506, this lighting controller can produce low-level command, these low-level commands Illumination driver 5508 will be sent to and be thus transmitted to independent relevant to particular key Or multiple light 5510.During light 5510 is the embodiment of wide range LED wherein, lighting controller 5506 can be LED controller, and illumination driver 5508 can be LED driver.In light 5510 One or more one or more lighting circuit plate can be used to control, these one or more photographs Bright circuit board is configured to receive signal from illumination driver 5508 and be configured in response to this A little signals control light.
Figure 56 illustrates wherein can be traveled to by key events as combined Fig. 1 and according at least one Scoring described by individual embodiment and the example context 5600 of Play System.Interactive piano training Device 5602 can produce key events 5604 and/or other event (such as, controller event).Can Key events 5604 is traveled to music playing system 5612, in this music playing system, permissible Present the one or more sound relevant to key events 5604.Also key events 5604 can be traveled to Evaluating and marking system 5606, this evaluation and marking system can be at least partially based on course 5608 Determine that each in these key events may be the most relevant to the scoring of courseware, course or step (as described herein).Based on scoring, one or more result 5610 can be presented to user.
Scoring and evaluate can include user mark, courseware scoring, course scoring, step scoring, Note scoring or the combination of these and/or other this type of methods of marking.Such as, curriculum objective may Require to complete each step of course with the accuracy more than 60 percent.Can be by with percentage 70 the step that completes of accuracy be included in step and/or course scoring.Similarly, courseware Scoring may require user and completes each course in order.Step scoring may require correctly Play in song the note of seven ten five at least percent.Note that and combine commenting of Figure 57 detailed description Point may require playing note with correct pitch, certain time in touching threshold value start and Certain time in duration threshold completes.
In embodiments, rating system such as star rating system is used to present one or more As a result 5610, wherein a star is minimum event and five-pointed star is the highest result.Sound in song or song The overall scoring of joint can accumulation based on each note scoring.Can be with the most correct percentage Accumulation note is carried out divided by the mode that note is total than deducting incorrect note for correct note.These sounds Symbol can also be accumulated with weighting scheme, the most such as when cumulative correct percentage ratio, and incorrect note Less weight compared with correct note.Based on correct percentage ratio, can be user present one or Multiple results 5610, these one or more results can include such as: a star, it is thus achieved that less than percentage 60 correct note;Two stars, it is thus achieved that the correct note of seven ten ten to percent 6 percent; Samsung, it is thus achieved that the correct note of eight ten ten to percent 7 percent;Four stars, it is thus achieved that percentage to eight The correct note of ten to percentage to 90 percent;And five-pointed star, it is thus achieved that more than 90 percent Correct note.
Figure 57 illustrates wherein as combined Fig. 1 and to be retouched according at least one embodiment Commentary is estimated note and evaluates the example context 5700 of correctness.In the example shown in Figure 57, Music score 5702 illustrates three demisemiquavers and a crotchet, and wherein crotchet is corresponding In 120 beats per minute.Music score 5702 illustrates to tap the correct pitch of each note, start to strike Hit the orthochronous of each note and the appropriate persistent period of each note.In embodiments, sound Symbol must is fulfilled for being considered as correct all three and requires (pitch, touch and the persistent period).At another In embodiment, can individually assess these three requirement, so that note can touch at proper time In the case of part correct, but pitch is incorrect.
Figure 57 04 illustrates time of correctly touching and the threshold value of each note in the way of the most temporary transient (such as, tapping the proper time of each note).If crotchet is corresponding to 120 joints per minute Clap, then this crotchet persistently half second or as shown in Figure 57 04,500 milliseconds.Corresponding 32 A second in lasting 16 points of dieresis, it is 65 milliseconds.In Figure 57 04, sound Symbol is shown as to have and touches threshold value close to 100 milliseconds (increasing and decreasing 50 milliseconds), and this shows, in order to relatively It is correct in touching, it is necessary in touching threshold value, play note.
Figure 57 06 illustrates correct persistent period and the threshold value of crotchet.In Figure 57 06, Touch in threshold value, but the definite time started slightly after, tap crotchet.Continuing of crotchet Time (500 milliseconds) illustrates relative to the time of touching and includes 200 milliseconds of (increase and decrease 100 millis Second) threshold value.As referred to herein, whether each note in four notes all can be for gently Hit threshold value and play correct pitch in the correct persistent period and mark.In embodiments, may be used To adjust threshold value based on curriculum objective.So, such as, in a step of course, threshold value (with And therefore complete the tolerance of step) may widely (such as, 100 milliseconds and 200 milliseconds), and In the more advanced step of identical course, threshold value may be tightened up much.May be based on tying herein Close the marking system described in Figure 56 note and/or note are combined scoring.Such as, correct light The note played in hitting 20 milliseconds of time can win five-pointed star and touch, and correctly touching the time The note played in 100 and 50 milliseconds can win a star and touch.Each note can have subsequently Mark (or weighted accumulation scoring) from the accumulation of a star to five-pointed star and syllable or song also can have this The accumulation scoring of sample one.
Music score 5708 illustrates how to determine relevant to note series for scoring purpose Appropriate note.When playing head (illustrating by having the line of letter " P ") and advancing during playing, This plays head can touch threshold value (being illustrated by circle) through note.If note does not exist It is tapped at the end of touching threshold value, then this note still may wait for scoring.It is to say, user is still Pitch that can be correct and persistent period play this note.In music score 5708, play head before Enter through the first demisemiquaver touch threshold value rather than other.If user plays note, So first demisemiquaver is note to be marked.In music score 5710, play head Be advanced past the two or three twelve-tone symbol touches threshold value, if but not yet play any note, that First note and the second note still wait for scoring.If user's first note to be played, then First demisemiquaver can carry out marking and the second demisemiquaver still remains waiting for scoring. In music score 5712, when playing head and being advanced further, note may become invalid and can be marked Be designated as incorrect, if if pass through the too many time or user merely skip they and with under The scoring of any in conjunction with.
Figure 58 illustrates wherein can be to such as combining Fig. 1 and according at least one embodiment institute The user of the interactive piano training devices described presents the example user interface 5800 of appraisal result. In example user interface 5800, user name can be provided the user, be at least partially based on scoring system System such as combine the overall scoring of marking system described in Figure 57, overall progress and/or other this type of with The information that in courseware, course, course, the progress of step, exercise or a combination thereof is relevant.Use in example In interface, family 5800, it is possible to present one or more target and/or relevant to these targets for user Achievement.Such as, example user interface 5800 illustrates " exercise one song from start to finish " Target and shown that this target is met by check mark.Other target be shown as be still undetermined (such as, " the 4th time is ability ").In embodiments, these targets as target The link (such as, hyperlink) of relevant extraneous information presents, and these information such as target is more Date and time that extensively description, number of attempt, target complete and/or other this type of extraneous information.
Figure 59 illustrates wherein to make interactive piano training cartridge according at least one embodiment Put interactive piano training devices the most described in conjunction with Figure 1 and be connected to course storehouse to announce course Example context 5900.Director 5902 can create for study play the piano one or more The course of aspect.This course can specify one or more target, one or more exercise, one Or multiple tests and/or other element.This course can use interactive piano training devices to create, The computer system being attached to interactive piano training devices can also be used to create, it is possible to so that Create by certain other this type of system.This course can include term such as music score, text, Audio file, video file, URL, course metadata etc..Some embodiment party In case, course can format with proprietary format and/or utilize secure key encryption to prevent unauthorized Access.Director 5902 can use computer system 5906 to issue 5904 courses subsequently.Can To transmit announced course 5908 and by it by all networks as described herein of network 5910 Being positioned in course storehouse 5912, this course storehouse can include this type of course 5914 multiple.At some In embodiment, course storehouse 5912 can include the system for organizing course 5914, such as Lesson data storehouse, allow access the front end services of course, Course Catalogue, the webpage of description course and/ Or other this type of system.
Figure 60 illustrates wherein can be all to interactive piano training devices from course library searching by course As combined Fig. 1 and according to the interactive piano training devices's described by least one embodiment Example context 6000.Student 6008 can use interactive piano training devices and/or attached Controller browses the course in 6006 course storehouses 6002 with use network 6010.Course storehouse 6002 Multiple course 6004 can be comprised.When browsing, student 6008 can select course.Can pass through Network 6010 sends selected course 6014 and instantiation 6012, so that student 6008 Interactive piano training devices can be used to come to class.
Figure 61 illustrates example context 6100, it is shown that be such as combined Fig. 1 and according at least one The course element structure of the course that the interactive piano training devices described by individual embodiment is correlated with. In embodiments, relevant to course top-level element is courseware 6102.Courseware 6102 can have There are one or more courseware characteristic 6106 such as courseware title, director, one or more courseware mesh Mark, the link arriving next courseware and other this type of courseware characteristic.Courseware also can comprise one or many Individual course 6104.Each course all can have one or more disciplinary features 6110, such as course name Claim one or more music score that the list of steps relevant to course and course are relevant, in courseware The link of next course or other this type of disciplinary features.Each course all can have one or many Individual step.(it can be at least partially based on one or more steps characteristic 6116 and be categorized as step 6108 Exercise 6112 or test 6114) it has been the target of course.Step characteristic 6116 can include but not It is limited to the characteristic relevant to the following: music score;Play position;Allow rhythm;Complete threshold value; Lighting parameter (such as, handedness and fingering);The observability of playback head;Play mode;And/or its Its this class feature.It is contemplated that the characteristic of steps described herein, course and courseware is only Illustrated examples and other this class feature also can be considered in the scope of the present disclosure.
Figure 62 illustrates that interactive piano training devices such as combines Fig. 1 and according at least one The control panel 6200 of the interactive piano training devices described by embodiment such as combines Fig. 1 Described control panel.Control 6202 can include being configured to and interactive piano training devices The one or more controls interacted.Control 6202 can include button, touch as described herein Screen (such as, capacitive touch screen) or these and/or other input mode combination.Control wherein In 6202 embodiments including touch screen, the zones of different of touch screen can correspond to different controls Function processed.During control 6202 includes the embodiment of button wherein, different buttons can be corresponding In different control functions.Control 6202 can be illuminated, it is also possible to certain color illuminates, it is possible to tool There is other identical designator.In embodiments, control 6202 can include Proximity Sensor, His or her finger locating is shone near control panel by this Proximity Sensor in response to user Bright independent control.After his or her finger is moved apart proximal region by user, illuminating of control can With the lasting short period.It addition, the intensity that illuminates of Controls Palette can be along with connecing of being sensed Recency and change so that such as, finger distance controlling panel is the nearest, near finger Button is shone brighter.In embodiments, the control of control panel can use such as with press Machinery and/or psychoacoustics key that control is relevant provide sense of touch to feed back.Such as, the control of touch screen Sense of touch feedback, audible feedback and/or the visual feedback in tactile form can be included, show and control Engage.
Control panel element shown in Figure 62 can include that control is to select 6204 various user interfaces choosings Item (such as may be displayed on and combines Fig. 1 and according to the display described by least one embodiment Option on device 108).Permissible for controlling the control panel element (as described herein) of play mode Including for learning model 6206, play mode 6208 and/or the control of execution pattern 6210. As described herein, learning model may indicate that to illuminate with key and correctly plays, and wherein key waits Regardless of rhythm how user completes each key and presses and be then further continued for;Play mode may indicate that with Key illuminates correctly to be play, but may need appropriate rhythm when assessment progress;And drill The pattern of playing can eliminate broadcasting during the display illuminated of key.Can be by using the combination of these controls Realize other pattern (such as demo mode, for illuminating key according to computer program).Can be Control panel includes other control, is such as used for making broadcasting as described herein forward 6214 or rewinding The control of 6212.It addition, control is for controlling the illumination thing of left hand 6216 and/or the right hand 6218 Part, to reduce volume 6220 or increase volume 6222 and commence play out 6224.It is contemplated that It is that control shown in this article is example and other this type of control can be considered as the model in the disclosure In enclosing.
Figure 63 illustrates the example that can be used for implementing one or more embodiment according to the disclosure Calculate the example context 6300 of device.In basic configuration 6304, calculating device 6302 can wrap Include one or more processor 6310 and memorizer such as system storage 6320 can be included. Memory bus 6330 may be used for calculating processor 6310 and the system storage of device 6302 Communicate between 6320.Calculate device 6302 can include can be used to be sent by suitable network And/or reception request, message or any appropriate device of information, and in some embodiments, In response to such request, information can be transmitted back to the user of calculating device.Such calculating device Example include personal computer, mobile phone, hand-held messaging device, laptop computer, Tablet PC, Set Top Box, personal digital assistant, mobile device, Wearable device, embedding Formula computer system, E-book reader, private client device etc..This network can include appointing What suitable network, including Intranet, the Internet, cellular network, LAN, satellite network or Any other such network and/or a combination thereof.Communication on network can be by wired or wireless Connection and combinations thereof enables.
The information (also referred herein as " content ") sending back the user calculating device 6302 can be wrapped Include but be not limited to text, figure, audio frequency, video and/or other content that can be used for being supplied to user. The information sending back calculating device users can transmit with following form: HTML (“HTML”);Extensible markup language (" XML ");JavaScript;CSS (" CSS "); Or certain other this type of client terminal structure language.Content can be processed to be by calculating device 6302 The user calculating device 6302 provides content in one or more forms, these one or more form bags Include but be not limited to user can acoustically, visually and/or feel to include to touch by other, The form that the sense of taste and/or detected by scent arrive.The request and the response that are sent by network can be made by server With PHP HyperText Preprocessor (" PHP "), Python, Ruby, Perl, Java, HTML, XML or other suitable server end structured language process.Should be appreciated that unless in context Clearly dictating otherwise, the operation for being performed by single assembly described herein can by multiple devices altogether With performing.
In some embodiments, processor 6310 can be certain type, includes but not limited to micro- Processor, microcontroller, digital signal processor (DSP) or its combination in any.Processor 6310 Can include that one or more caching rank, such as one-level (L1) cache 6311 and 2 grades (L2) caching 6312.Processor may also include processor core 6313 and depositor 6314.Processor core 6313 Such as ALU (ALU), floating point unit (FPU), digital signal processing core can be included (DSP core), Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) or the combination of these and/or other this type of processing unit. Memory Controller 6315 also can be used together to control memorizer such as system with processor 6310 Memorizer 6320.In some implementations, Memory Controller 6315 can be processor 6310 Interior section.
In some embodiments, system storage 6320 can be arbitrary shape, including but do not limit In volatile memory (such as RAM), nonvolatile memory (such as ROM, flash memories Deng) or its combination in any.System storage 6320 can comprise operating system 6321, one or many Individual application program 6322 and the routine data 6324 relevant to this application program 6322.Application journey Sequence 6322 can include assembly 6323, and this assembly is configured to according to the disclosure in equity environment Share application program between mobile devices.Routine data 6324 can include Shen as described herein Ask someone or organize data 6325.In some embodiments, application program 6322 can be configured The routine data 6324 in operating system 6321 is utilized to operate, so that can be at general meter Calculation machine system carrys out accelerating system operation.
Calculate device 6302 can have extra feature or function and extra interface so that Basic configuration 6304 communicates between device and interface needed for any.Such as, bus/Interface Controller Device 6340 may be used for promoting at basic configuration 6304 and one or more data storage devices 6350 Between communicated by memory interface bus 6341.Data storage device 6350 can be removable Storage device 6351, non-removable storage device 6352 or a combination thereof.Mobile storage means and The example of irremovable storage device includes disk set, such as floppy disk and hard disk drive (HOD), CD drive such as CD (CD) driver or digital versatile disc (DVD) driver, Solid-state drive (SSD) and tape drive and/or other such storage device.Computer is deposited The example of storage media can include in any method or technology realizes for storing such as computer-readable The volatibility of the information of instruction, data structure, program module or other data and non-volatile media And removable and irremovable medium.
System storage 6320, mobile storage means 6351 and irremovable storage device 6352 It is whole examples of computer-readable storage medium.Computer-readable storage medium (or computer-readable medium) wraps Include but be not limited to RAM, ROM, EEPROM, flash memories or other memory technology, CD-ROM, digital versatile disc (DVD) or other optical storage apparatus, magnetic holder, tape, magnetic Disk storage device or other magnetic storage device, or can be used for storing information needed and can being filled by calculating Put other medium any of 6302 access.Any such computer-readable storage medium can be device 6302 A part.
Calculate device 6302 and may also include interface bus 6342, contribute to from various interface arrangement (examples As, output interface, peripheral interface and communication interface) it is sent to by bus/interface controller 6340 Basic configuration 6304.Example output device 6360 includes Graphics Processing Unit 6361 and Audio Processing Unit 6362, this Graphics Processing Unit and this audio treatment unit can be configured to by one or Multiple audio/visual ports 6363 are transferred to various external device (ED) such as display or speaker.Show Example peripheral interface 6370 includes serial interface controller 6371 or parallel interface controller 6372, should Serial interface controller or this parallel interface controller can be configured to such as input with external device (ED) Device (such as, keyboard, mouse, pen, speech input device, touch input device etc.) or other Peripheral unit (such as, printer, scanner etc.) is communicated by one or more I/O ports 6373.
Example communication device 6380 can include network controller 6381, and this network controller is permissible It is arranged to be easy on network by one or more COM1s 6382 with one or more Other calculates device 6390 and communicates.COM1 6382 may also include and is configured to by closely The assembly that network communicates.The example of such COM1 6382 can use at least one network To use any one in various protocols to support communication, such as transmission control protocol/Internet protocol (" TCP/IP "), UDP (" UDP "), at open system interconnection (" OSI ") Model, FTP (" FTP "), UPnP (" UpnP "), network file system The agreement of operation in system (" NFS ") and CIFS (" CIFS ") each layer.Network Can be such as LAN, wide area network, Virtual Private Network, the Internet, Intranet, extranet, public affairs Switched telephone, infrared network, wireless network, satellite network and combination in any thereof altogether.
Calculate device 6302 and can be implemented as computer, such as laptop computer, individual calculus Machine, work station, server or certain other this type of computer installation.Calculating device 6302 also can be real Now broadcast for portable (or mobile) computer such as mobile phone, personal digital assistant (PDA), individual media Put device device, radio web page device, individual's Headphone device, special purpose device or certain other such Device.Calculating device and also can be embodied as the combination of computer and/or mancarried device, these are portable Device is such as, but not limited to device as herein described.Calculate device 6302 and can include operating system, This operating system can be the general management of this device and operation provides executable program instructions and can With include storage instruction computer-readable recording medium (such as, hard disk, random access memory, Read only memory etc.), described instruction is when being performed by the processor of device, it is allowed to it is pre-that device performs it Phase function.
The device 6302 that calculates shown in example context 6300 can be the one of distributed computing environment Part, described distributed computing environment employs some computer systems and assembly, these computers System and assembly are used one or more computer networks or are directly connected to part and are interconnected by communication linkage. But, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that such a system can be compared with shown in Figure 63 Have in the system of less or greater number of assembly and equally well operate.Therefore, shown in Figure 63 It is illustrative rather than restriction the scope of the present disclosure that system depiction is appreciated that.Various enforcements Scheme also can be implemented under extensive multiple operating environments, and in some cases, these operating environments can To include one or more computers and/or the calculating that can be used for operating any amount of application program Device.Such device can include any one in multiple general purpose personal computer, such as runs The desk computer of standard operation system, laptop computer or tablet PC and operation are mobile Software and multiple networking protocol and the cellular device of messaging protocol can be supported, without traditional thread binding Put and handheld apparatus.This system may also include multiple work station, and the plurality of work station runs each Kind of commercially available operating system and for as known in other of the purposes such as exploitation and data base administration should By any one in program.These devices may also include other electronic installation, such as pseudo-terminal, thin Client, games system, special use device and other can be by the device of network service.This A little devices may also include virtual bench such as virtual machine and other can be by this type of of network service Virtual bench.
Can be included this for the storage medium containing code or code section and computer-readable medium Field is known or any suitable medium that used, including storage medium and communication media, such as but Be not limited to for storage and/or transmission information (such as computer-readable instruction, data structure, program Module or other data) any method or the volatibility that realized of technology and non-volatile, removable With immovable medium, including RAM, ROM, EEPROM (" EEPROM "), flash memories or other memory technology, CD-ROM driver (" CD-ROM "), digital versatile disc (DVD) or other optical memory, magnetic holder, tape, Disk storage device or other magnetic storage device, or can be used for storing information needed and can be by system Other medium any that device accesses.Based on disclosure provided herein and religious doctrine, this area skill Art personnel are it is understood that be used for implementing alternate manner and/or the method for various embodiment.
Figure 64 to 70 illustrate in greater detail the pianotron training devices being combined with teachings of the present invention Particular.Figure 64 to the several embodiments shown in 70 merely for illustrative purpose There is provided, and be not the exhaustive of many embodiments obtainable to the present invention.Therefore, These embodiments are only used to the purpose discussed, and also contemplate for other embodiment.
The piano training devices that Figure 64 has been general description to be constructed according to teachings of the present invention The concept map of 6401.The piano training devices of Figure 64 illustrates how to realize a specific reality Execute scheme.In this embodiment, keyboard 6404 is made to be coupled to control assembly 6406 to realize steel Qin instructional function.
Keyboard can take many forms.Such as, keyboard can be to be developed specifically for this embodiment Special purpose device.Alternatively, keyboard is alternatively applicable to the MIDI keyboard of this embodiment.Separately In one replacement scheme, keyboard can be the synthesizer being applicable to this embodiment.
More properly, any kind of keyboard being suitable for teachings of the present invention can be used to realize this Bright embodiment.Unrestriced mode by way of example, portable keyboard generally includes relatively Few programmable functions, the most integrated processing unit and sound synthesizer.MIDI controller utilizes The individual processing unit (such as PC or tablet PC) being included in external device (ED), but generally rely on In external device (ED) to form actual sound.Synthesizer is usually the most high-end device and generally wraps Include and weight key, self-defined internal processor, more configurable option etc. completely.It will be appreciated that this The embodiment of invention can use any one or more in the keyboard of these types to realize, it is possible to Established any other type of keyboard realizes.
In this specific implementation mode, each key on keyboard is all embedded with the multi-colored led of correspondence. In a specific implementation mode, each key is formed by trnaslucent materials structure, LED send Light visible by this trnaslucent materials.Each LED can be all red green blue (RGB) LED, should LED can send the spectrum of wider (even if not being complete) of color.
Such as, being turning briefly to Figure 67, the key 6700 of keyboard is by relative transparent material (such as plastics) Making, wherein LED 6720 is layered below key.In this embodiment, LED is can base The RGB LED of nearly full spectral illumination is sent in signal specific input.The RGB LED energy of this device Enough illuminate with any one or more in multiple different colours.The character of RGB LED makes red, green And/or the corresponding signal change LED nearly singular integral in each in indigo plant input trigger is along visible The output color of the spectrum of color.In other words, the relative of each RGB LED is led to by control Signal, can form substantially any color.
Although the embodiment described herein includes RGB LED, it will be appreciated that real at other Existing mode can use other type of LED or electroluminescent material, such as organic LED (OLED), LED based on fluorophor or quantum dot LED (only row give some instances).
Again return to Figure 64, make control assembly 6406 be coupled to keyboard and enable a user to control The operation of piano training devices.This control assembly can include display 6408, and this display is used for showing Show that at least one music score, described music score have the note will played on keyboard.This embodiment party In case, control assembly and include that programming and/or hardware are to control illuminating of key on keyboard according to music score. In other words, when each note of music score occurs over the display, illuminate key suitable on keyboard, So player which key-like of visual inspection will become note in further feature.
It should be pointed out that, the piano training devices shown in Figure 64 includes three different assemblies: Keyboard;Control assembly;And display.But, both or more person in these assemblies are permissible It is integrated into the assembly different less than three, without departing from the spirit of the present invention.Such as, display and Control assembly and can be integrated into the individual unit being attached with keyboard, such as laptop computer or special meter Calculate device.Alternatively, display, control assembly and keyboard whole can be integrated into individual unit.Phase Instead, the function of three primary clusterings can be distributed to more than on three assemblies.Such as, alternatively, control The function of assembly processed can realize, without departing from the essence of the present invention in two or more calculate device God.
Turning now to Figure 65, it is shown that another reality of the principal functional components of piano training devices is described Execute scheme.In this embodiment, controller module 6502 is made to be coupled to color theme definition module 6506.In this embodiment, this color theme definition module includes the definition display key at keyboard On the function of particular color.As described in more detail below, color theme definition module include based on The particular aspects of the music just played defines each key with keyboard and is associated and multiple face of showing In color any one or multiple.In other words, the color theme definition module definition of this embodiment The color theme that piano training devices is used.Figure 66 illustrates and is described below color theme One particular example of the implementation of definition module.
Control module is computing unit, this computing unit be programmed to control keyboard LED 6508 with Make to be shown suitably according to color theme defined in color theme definition module by each LED Color.Such as, controller module can be universal or special calculating device, and this calculating device has Special software code is to trigger by LED one or more shades of colours illuminated.Controller Module operationally communicates with color theme definition module so that when running into the note of music score, fitting When LED to meet the face of the color theme definition explained by color such as definition module Color drives.
When controller module runs into each color of particular color theme, controller module causes often Individual LED uses LED driver 6512 to illuminate suitable color.In this implementation, LED Driver is that its function is to drive proper signal to lead to each LED to cause specific LED to illuminate The assembly of appropriate color.LED driver circuit is known in the art.
Turning now to Figure 66, it is shown that can be used for the sample of color theme definition mould of various implementation Block 6602.This color theme definition module can realize the several different choosings for defining color theme One or more in Xiang.In one implementation, face can be set by user interface 6604 Color theme, this user interface allows user to arrange the one or more choosings data base 6606 from option Item selects.Such as, pre-set color theme can be stored in the color theme that user can select In definition module.Alternatively, one group of pre-configured color theme 6608 can be stored in color theme fixed Programmatically selected by control module in justice module and in the case of no user inputs.
In another replacement scheme, can carry to color theme definition module from (may is that) external source For one or more color theme inventories 6610.In one example, can be outside control module provides Portion's music file, this outside music file includes the color theme etc. for particular songs.Real at this In existing mode, the definition of this music file should be illuminated in conjunction with first or many first playing of associated song One group of color.Each in these songs all can be defined by the user of piano training devices, or Alternatively, the music file that these songs can be obtained by outside defines person.
Turning now to Figure 67 to 70, illustrate that alternate embodiment can become with programming mode to utilize Color theme more represents the various operator schemes of the implementation of piano training devices.More precisely Ground, first as shown in Figure 68, illuminates various LED to show that user should below the key of keyboard Perform in several function which.Such as, in Figure 68, illuminate blue light 6811 and green glow 6812 To show that user should use a hands touch a key and use another hands to touch another Individual key.In this example, blue light shows to touch which key with the left hand of user, and green glow Show should touch which key with the right hand of user.
In Figure 69, embodiment illustrates that a key illuminates for red 6913 to show to have touched mistake Key by mistake.In other words, in addition to illuminating the appropriate key that should be touched, this embodiment also with Another kind of color illuminates the key that mistake is touched, thus helps user to identify error reason.It addition, also Another kind of color (such as, purple) another key 6914 can be illuminated so that next that will touch to be described Individual key.
In Figure 70, it is shown that another embodiment, the most provide face to piano training devices Color theme inventory, wherein should touch a series of key according to the light of a series of particular colors.More true Cut ground, in this certain illustrative implementation, color theme inventory can be set, this color master The definite sequence that topic inventory causes the key of keyboard to have to comply with user flashes a series of light.In other words, Can on keyboard with along with each order taking turns change illuminate multiple different color (such as, red, Green, blue and yellow).One takes turns and consists of: control module makes one or more key with at random Order is luminous, and user must reappear this order by pressing suitable key subsequently.Along with play Carry out, the number of the key pressed may be increased.Alternatively, the position of each key will pressed It may happen that change.This embodiment can be used for helping training in terms of speed and colour recognition to use Family.This embodiment makes people associate the Simon game sold by Milton Bradley.
Show that embodiments above is to illustrate by using on keyboard in piano training devices The polychrome of key illuminates and available numerous options.Other embodiments of the present invention can realize this Bright countless different change.For example, it is possible to realize using a kind of color to show to touch with the right hand Key, the another kind of color of use are to show with left hand tapper and to use the third color light to show Hit the embodiment of the key of mistake.
In another implementation, another kind of color can be used to show to answer after the currently active key When touching which key.Such as, if using blueness and green should use now the right hand and a left side to illuminate Hands touches to be formed the key of note, then color purple and yellow can be used to illuminate next needs Touch to form the key of next note.
In another implementation, music file inventory can be used to define each note of music score Color.Such as, this inventory can be each note, note combines, whole music score arranges another kind of face Color.Such a embodiment can be used for helping to pass on (such as) in order to reach effect when tapper Application suitably uses the most energetically, and such as, milder light is for lighter note and brighter Light for heavier note.
Description herein book and accompanying drawing are appreciated that and are illustrative rather than restrictive, sense. It may be evident, however, that they can be carried out various modifications and changes, without deviating from such as enclosing, right is wanted Seek the widely spirit and scope of the present invention of middle proposition.
Other change also the disclosure spirit and therefore in the range of.Therefore, although disclosed skill Art is easily affected by various amendments and alternative constructions, but shown in some of the disclosure, embodiment exists Shown in accompanying drawing and described in detail above.However, it should be understood that and have no intention to limit the invention to Particular form or disclosed form, but on the contrary, it is an object of the invention to covering and fall in the power of enclosing Profit requires all modifications, alternative structure and the equivalent in the spirit and scope of the present invention limited.
Unless otherwise indicated herein or otherwise clearly contradicted, term " one/a kind of (a/an) " " should/described (the) " and similar refer to word in the context describing disclosed embodiment (especially In the context of appended claims) use should be interpreted that contain odd number and plural number both.Art Language " includes ", " having ", " comprising " and " containing " should be interpreted that open-ended term (i.e. means " include, but are not limited to "), except as otherwise noted.Term " connects " unmodified and mention During physical connection, it is interpreted as being partially or fully contained in wherein, be attached to or being bonded together, Even if there is something to get involved.Unless additionally indicated in literary composition, the value scope otherwise mentioned in literary composition is used only as Refer to the shorthand method of each independent value within the range, and each independent value respectively Equally it is attached in description just as being individually documented in literary composition.Except as otherwise noted or with up and down Literary composition contradiction, otherwise term " gathers " (such as " project set ") or the use of " subset " is solved It is interpreted as including the nonempty set of one or more member.It addition, except as otherwise noted or and context Contradiction, otherwise the term " subset " of corresponding set there is no need to represent the proper subclass of corresponding set, And subset can be equal with corresponding set.
Connectivity language such as has form " at least one in A, B and C " or " A, B With at least one in C " phrase, except as otherwise noted or the most otherwise clearly contradicted, Otherwise should be understood to be generally used for showing at context, item, term etc. can be A or B or C, Or any nonvoid subset of A and B and C set.Such as, in the set with three members Illustrated examples in, conjunctive phrase " at least one in A, B and C " and " A, B and C In at least one " refer to some set in any one: A}, B}, C}, A, B}, { A, C}, { B, C}, { A, B, C}.Therefore, this type of connectivity language is typically not intended to hint Some embodiment each needs to exist at least one at least one in A, B and C At least one.
Making of provided in this article any and all example or exemplary language (such as, " such as ") With being intended merely to be better described embodiment of the present invention, and protect unless the context requires otherwise, otherwise Will not apply to limit to the scope of the present invention.Language in this specification should not be construed as any non- It is required that claimed key element is designated as putting into practice present invention institute.
It is described herein as embodiment of the present disclosure, including known for inventor for implementing this Bright optimal mode.By reading above description, those skilled in the art will be appreciated that these are implemented The variant of scheme.Inventor wishes that technical staff optionally uses this type of variant, and invention people's will Figure is to be different from if mode specifically described herein is to put into practice the embodiment of the disclosure.Therefore, The scope of the present disclosure includes all of the theme such as the following claims allowed by applicable law Amendment and equivalent.Additionally, unless instruction herein additionally or significantly with contradicted by context, otherwise The scope of the present disclosure contain its any combination of the likely above-mentioned element in variant.
All references (including publications, patent applications and patents) accordingly with Way of reference is incorporated to, its degree be equal to each list of references be represented as individually and specifically with Way of reference is expressly incorporated herein and is stated herein in full with it.

Claims (23)

1. a piano training devices, comprising:
Keyboard, it includes multiple key that illuminates, the plurality of illuminate in key each illuminate key It is respectively provided with relevant electroluminescent light source, before described electroluminescent light source is directed towards described key Surface delivery light, described illuminates the light weight that key is configured to transmit from described electroluminescent light source It is oriented from the lower section of the described top surface illuminating key through the described described top surface illuminating key.
2. piano training devices as claimed in claim 1, wherein said electroluminescent light source includes One or more light emitting diodes, described light emitting diode is configured in response to one or more letters Number transmission wide spectrum optical.
3. piano training devices as claimed in claim 1, wherein orients described electroluminescent light source, Make when described illuminate key be not pressed time, the light beam projected from described electroluminescent light source There is the center being parallel to the described described top surface that can illuminate key.
4. piano training devices as claimed in claim 1, wherein said electroluminescent light source is determined Position is in the described lower face of playing illuminating key, and described illuminating is played surface and included described in key A part for the described described top surface illuminating key.
5. piano training devices as claimed in claim 1, wherein said electroluminescent light source is determined Position described illuminate key play after surface, described illumination is played surface and is included described in key A part for the described described top surface illuminating key.
6. piano training devices as claimed in claim 1, it also includes controller, described control Device is configured to provide signal to described electroluminescent light source, and described signal is configured to promote described Key can be illuminated optionally illuminated.
7. piano training devices as claimed in claim 6, wherein said controller is also configured with one Individual or multiple lighting circuit plates, each lighting circuit plate is each equipped with multiple electroluminescent light source, often Individual lighting circuit plate is configured to provide described signal to the plurality of electroluminescent light source.
8. piano training devices as claimed in claim 6, wherein said controller also includes color Theme manager, described color theme manager is configured to lead in response to one or more smooth events Know to determine one or more light color, the one or more at least part of base of the light color determined In the metadata relevant to the one or more light event notice.
9. piano training devices as claimed in claim 6, wherein said controller also includes key thing Part manager, described key events manager is also configured to notify in response to one or more key events Performing one or more operation, the one or more operation includes at least in the following Individual: record key events;Present the sound relevant to key events;Or produce the light relevant to key events Event.
10. piano training devices as claimed in claim 1, wherein by the described key that illuminates The described light of described top surface transmission illuminate described can illuminate key play the whole of surface, described can Illuminate and play surface described in key and include a part for the described described top surface that can illuminate key.
11. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 1, wherein by the described key that illuminates The described optical transport of described top surface transmission is by described top surface so that passed by described top surface Between the maximum intensity of defeated described light and the minimum strength of described light transmitted by described top surface Difference less than the described light transmitted by described top surface described maximum intensity very in one Individual.
12. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 1, wherein said multiple keys that illuminate Each key that illuminates is respectively provided with relative photo guider, and described relative photo guider is configured to from institute The described light stating electroluminescent light source transmission is redirected to illuminate described in key through described further Top surface.
13. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 12, wherein by described relative photo guider It is manufactured into from the plurality of each independent assembly illuminating key illuminating key.
14. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 13, wherein said relative photo guider is attached Receive and described can illuminate key so that described relative photo guider described illuminate key move time, with The described key that illuminates moves.
15. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 12, wherein:
The plurality of each key that illuminates illuminating key is respectively provided with relative keys shape, described relative keys It is shaped as in multiple key-like shape;And
Have for the plurality of each described relative photo guider illuminating key illuminating key Relative photo deflector shapes, described relative photo deflector shapes is at least partially based on the plurality of key-like The described relative keys shape of shape.
16. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 12, wherein said relative photo guider is extremely Small part is shaped like wedge shape, and described wedge shape provides one or more optical characteristics, one Or multiple optical characteristics includes at least one in the following: the diffusion of the light of neighbouring described light source Strengthen;Diffusion away from the light of described light source weakens;The internal refraction of the light of neighbouring described light source increases By force;Internal refraction away from the light of described light source weakens;Or it is transferred to the described of described light guide The distribution of the light of top surface is constant so that the maximum intensity of the described light of transmission and the described light of transmission Minimum strength between difference less than threshold value.
17. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 12, wherein said light guide is configured with One group of optical transport hinders characteristic so that hinder the described light from described light guide at least one Divide and be transmitted through the second light guide.
18. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 17, wherein said one group of optical transport hinders Characteristic includes the photoresistance obtained by being coated with application layer to one or more surfaces of described light guide Hinder.
19. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 12, wherein said light guide described Diffusion labelling is carved with on one or more surfaces, and described diffusion labelling provides from the top of described light guide The diffusion of the described light that surface sends, described diffusion labelling includes at least one in the following: Intersection hachure;Scrobicula;Mat surface;Or Fresnel lens.
20. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 1, the wherein said key that illuminates is configured with One group of optical transport hinders characteristic so that hinder at least from the described described light illuminating key Divide and be transmitted through the second top surface that can illuminate key.
21. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 20, wherein said one group of optical transport hinders Characteristic include by one or more materials are placed on can illuminate key between and the optical transport that obtains Hinder.
22. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 1, wherein said electroluminescent light source quilt Configure when described illuminate key move time, keep static.
23. piano training devicess as claimed in claim 1, it also includes control panel, described Control panel include being configured to promote one or more operation relevant to described piano training devices and The control performed, the one or more operation includes at least one in the following: increases and broadcasts Put wave volume;Reduce and play wave volume;Play forward;Rewinding is play;Configure and play phase The illumination events closed;Commence play out;Stop playing;Or selection play mode.
CN201480057634.9A 2013-08-22 2014-08-21 Interactive piano training system Pending CN105900161A (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

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US13/973,861 2013-08-22
US13/973,861 US8901405B1 (en) 2013-08-22 2013-08-22 Electronic piano training device
US14/337,086 2014-07-21
US14/337,086 US9082313B1 (en) 2014-07-21 2014-07-21 Interactive piano training system
PCT/US2014/052181 WO2015027108A2 (en) 2013-08-22 2014-08-21 Interactive piano training system

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JP2016534400A (en) 2016-11-04

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