CN105864715A - 一种发光墙砖 - Google Patents

一种发光墙砖 Download PDF

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CN105864715A
CN105864715A CN201511033951.XA CN201511033951A CN105864715A CN 105864715 A CN105864715 A CN 105864715A CN 201511033951 A CN201511033951 A CN 201511033951A CN 105864715 A CN105864715 A CN 105864715A
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light source
panel
reflection shield
wall brick
luminous wall
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赵志强
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S10/00Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect
    • F21S10/02Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect changing colors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/072Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of specially adapted, structured or shaped covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/074Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of specially adapted, structured or shaped covering or lining elements for accommodating service installations or utility lines, e.g. heating conduits, electrical lines, lighting devices or service outlets
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0866Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements composed of several layers, e.g. sandwich panels or layered panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/14Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements stone or stone-like materials, e.g. ceramics concrete; of glass or with an outer layer of stone or stone-like materials or glass
    • E04F13/145Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements stone or stone-like materials, e.g. ceramics concrete; of glass or with an outer layer of stone or stone-like materials or glass with an outer layer of glass
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/18Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements of organic plastics with or without reinforcements or filling materials or with an outer layer of organic plastics with or without reinforcements or filling materials; plastic tiles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V33/00Structural combinations of lighting devices with other articles, not otherwise provided for
    • F21V33/006General building constructions or finishing work for buildings, e.g. roofs, gutters, stairs or floors; Garden equipment; Sunshades or parasols
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V7/00Reflectors for light sources
    • F21V7/22Reflectors for light sources characterised by materials, surface treatments or coatings, e.g. dichroic reflectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2203/00Specially structured or shaped covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2203/04Specially structured or shaped covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for comprising a plurality of internal elongated cavities arranged in substantially parallel rows
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2290/00Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2290/02Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for accommodating service installations or utility lines, e.g. heating conduits, electrical lines, lighting devices or service outlets
    • E04F2290/026Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for accommodating service installations or utility lines, e.g. heating conduits, electrical lines, lighting devices or service outlets for lighting
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2131/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems not provided for in codes F21W2102/00-F21W2121/00
    • F21W2131/10Outdoor lighting
    • F21W2131/107Outdoor lighting of the exterior of buildings

Abstract

本发明公开了一种发光墙砖,涉及照明装饰技术领域,包括面板、反光罩、光源和连接线,所述面板为透光材料面板,背面设有底色层,底色层外面还可以有保护层,上面设有透光图形和反光区,所述反光罩固定在面板的背面,完全罩住透光图形、反光区和光源,光源设置于面板和反光罩之间的区域,反光罩上设有线孔,连接线从线孔进入和光源电连接。其特点是超薄设计,结构简单,款式新颖多样,方便实用,节能环保,成本低廉。可用于KTV、家庭、酒店等场所的幕墙装修,也可以用作玄关灯、天花灯、走廊灯等。

Description

一种发光墙砖
技术领域
本发明涉及照明装饰技术领域,具体涉及一种发光墙砖。
背景技术
墙砖在墙体装修中扮演着重要的角色,如果在每块墙砖上加以发光的图案,无疑是锦上添花。
发明内容
本发明的目的是提供一种发光墙砖,该发光墙砖新颖多样,能带来理想的视觉效果,且结构简单,成本低廉,适合批量生产。
为解决上述技术问题,本发明所采用的技术方案是:如图1-图4所示,一种发光墙砖,包括面板1和反光罩5,光源4以及连接线6。面板1为用透光材料做成的面板,所述透光材料包括玻璃、有机玻璃、亚克力等透光材料,背面有不同颜色花纹的底色层,可使面板呈现不同的颜色。底色层外面也可以有保护层。可选用玻璃镜面板。面板1可为各种形状,在其背面的底色层和保护层上加工有透光图形2,光线可通过透光图形2穿过面板。反光罩内面可反光,固定于面板1背面,罩住整个透光图形2、光源4。反光区3为面板1背面被反光罩5覆盖的除透光图形2以外的部分。光源设置于面板和反光罩之间。连接线6和光源4电连接,从反光罩上的线孔引出,以便和控制线或其它发光墙砖连接。
进一步技术方案:透光图形2可以是任何需要的图形,包括正方形、长方形、菱形、圆形、三角形等几何图形,以及漫画、卡通、树叶、花草、动物等图形。反光区3上面设有反光材料。根据需要选择反光材料的颜色和种类。将透光图形2制成磨砂的透光图形,以起到匀光作用。
进一步技术方案:反光罩5内面设有反光材料。根据需要选择反光材料的颜色和种类。反光罩的形状可根据图形的形状而改变,以减小内部空间,提高光利用度。反光罩和面板中间根据需要可以设有支撑。反光罩上的线孔不能和透光图形对应,且避免连接线从反光罩和透光图形之间穿过,保证从面板正面不会看到连接线和线孔的影子。
进一步技术方案:选择LED光源,尤其是RGB贴片光源,光源的形状可随透光图形的形状而变化,以使光照尽可能均匀。安装时LED光源设置在面板(1)和反光罩5之间的区域,可固定在面板1背面反光区3内(如图4-图5),也可固定于反光罩5内面(如图10,此法更易操作),但均应与透光图形2边缘保持一定的距离,以避免从正面看到LED光源的亮点和明显的光斑。如果反光罩5和面板1中间有支撑,还可以把光源固定到支撑上。
本发明的有益效果是:光源发出的光在反光罩5与反光区3之间漫反射后,只能从图形2射出,且射出的光线是较均匀的,从面板正面不会看到LED灯珠的亮点及明显的光斑,保持了美感;由于采用反射式照明方案,可大大降低反光罩5高度,因此这种LED墙砖可以做到象普通墙砖那样薄,装到墙上不会占用太多空间;光利用度高,较小功率的LED光源就能达到照明要求,非常节能,而且发热量小。面板可选不同的颜色或镜面,图形可以设计成各种形状,光源可以使用不同颜色或变色的光源,以产生各种不同的视觉效果。
附图说明
为了易于说明,本发明由下述的具体实施例及附图作以详细描述。
图1为所述的一种发光墙砖的前视图。
图2为所述的一种发光墙砖的后视图。
图3为所述的一种发光墙砖的侧面视图。
图4为所述的一种发光墙砖去掉反光罩的内部结构示意图。
图5为所述的一种发光墙砖的侧面剖视图。
图6为所述的一种发光墙砖的安装配件板条。
图7为所述的一种发光墙砖的LED光源形状图。
图8为所述的一种发光墙砖的正方形环状反光罩。
图9为LED光源围绕透光图形固定示意图,本图中透光图形呈正方形。
图10为LED光源固定于反光罩内面示意图。
具体实施方式
实施例一:
如图1-图5所示,一种发光墙砖,包括呈正方形的面板1,反光罩5,LED光源4及连接线6。面板1为正方形的玻璃镜面板。LED光源4粘贴固定于玻璃镜背面的反光区3内。反光区3外围是经玻璃磨砂工艺制成的呈正方形环状的磨砂透光图形2。反光罩也做成正方形,粘贴固定于玻璃镜背面,涵盖住整个磨砂透光图形。连接线6和LED光源电连接,通过反光罩上的线孔引出。LED光源发出的光经反光罩和反光区3反射后通过透光图形2向外射出。
玻璃镜面板正面可以磨斜边,以增加美感;背面有经磨砂工艺加工的正方形环状磨砂透光图形2。磨砂图形内的反光区贴有一层白色微发泡反射板(MCPET),可反光。
所述反光罩为正方形,高度为1厘米,内面贴有一层白色微发泡反射板(MCPET)。反光罩大小恰以涵盖全部透光图形2。线孔的位置预留在反光罩上和反光区对应的位置,防止看到连接线的影子。
本实施例LED光源4可做成如图4所示的形状;如果透光图形的尺寸较大,也可做成如图7所示的形状,是将一定数量的5050RGB贴片灯珠和电阻焊接在呈正方形的带背胶的柔性电路板上,实际上相当于用现有的可剪断的柔性LED贴片灯带根据磨砂图形的形状“围”成了正方形。同时反光罩可采用如图8所示的正方形环状反光罩9,以减小内部空间,提高光利用度。LED光源和透光图形的边缘保持一定的距离,以保证从正面看不到明显的光斑。焊接点8用于焊接连接线6。连接线6带插头,便于连接。
实施例二:如图9所示,本实施例是将实施例一中的正方形环状图形换成了正方形的磨砂透光图形,LED光源围绕磨砂透光图形固定,之间保持必要的距离,以从正面看不到明显的光斑为宜。反光罩涵盖LED光源。其余同实施例一。
实施例三:如图10所示,本实施例是将实施例一中的LED光源粘贴固定在反光罩内面,并和透光图形保持一定的间距,以从正面看不到明显的光斑为宜。其余同实施例一。
实施例四:本实施例仅是将实施例一中的玻璃镜面板换成了喷漆玻璃面板。其余同实施例一。
所述发光墙砖使用时可以单独安装或拼装,提高产品的防水性,还可以用于户外。在拼装时,可全部用所述透光墙砖拼装,也可和不带透光图形的墙砖拼装。所有的发光墙砖由电源、控制器以及信号放大器等控制发光程序,以实现不同的发光效果。安装时可以在墙上先固定若干个如图6所示的板条7,再用胶将发光墙砖的面板背面固定到板条上。板条的厚度应大于或等于反光罩的高度,反光罩不承重。用这种安装方法,反光罩可以用很薄的材质,有时可以仅用较厚的反光纸制作反光罩。
以上实施例并非对本发明保护范围的限定,任何基于本发明内容基础上的简单更改均应属于本发明的保护范围。

Claims (6)

1.一种发光墙砖,其特征在于:包括面板(1)、反光罩(5)、光源(4)和连接线(6),所述面板(1)为透光材料面板,所述透光材料面板背面设有底色层,底色层外面还可以有保护层,上面设有透光图形(2)和反光区(3),所述反光罩(5)固定在面板(1)的背面,完全罩住透光图形(2)、反光区(3)和光源(4),光源(4)设置于面板(1)和反光罩(5)之间的区域,反光罩上设有线孔,连接线(6)从线孔进入和光源(4)电连接。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种发光墙砖,其特征在于反光区上设有反光材料。
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种发光墙砖,其特征在于反光罩内面有反光材料。
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种发光墙砖,其特征在于透光图形为磨砂的透光图形。
5.根据权利要求1所述的一种发光墙砖,其特征在于光源为LED光源。
6.根据权利要求1所述的一种发光墙砖,其特征在于光源可固定于反光区上或反光罩内面,当反光罩和面板之间设有支撑时,光源也可固定在支撑上。
CN201511033951.XA 2015-05-07 2015-12-22 一种发光墙砖 Pending CN105864715A (zh)

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