CN105862710A - Drain board used for reclaimed coastal region treatment and construction method - Google Patents

Drain board used for reclaimed coastal region treatment and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105862710A
CN105862710A CN201610211665.6A CN201610211665A CN105862710A CN 105862710 A CN105862710 A CN 105862710A CN 201610211665 A CN201610211665 A CN 201610211665A CN 105862710 A CN105862710 A CN 105862710A
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China
Prior art keywords
draining board
construction
draining
geotextiles
sand
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CN201610211665.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105862710B (en
Inventor
高健
李涛
田长洪
徐锦皓
胡晓阳
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Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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Priority to CN201610211665.6A priority Critical patent/CN105862710B/en
Publication of CN105862710A publication Critical patent/CN105862710A/en
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Publication of CN105862710B publication Critical patent/CN105862710B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D3/00Improving or preserving soil or rock, e.g. preserving permafrost soil
    • E02D3/02Improving by compacting
    • E02D3/10Improving by compacting by watering, draining, de-aerating or blasting, e.g. by installing sand or wick drains

Abstract

The invention discloses a drain board used for reclaimed coastal region treatment and a construction method. The drain board comprises a drain board body, wherein first draining grooves are uniformly distributed on the drain board body; second draining grooves are uniformly distributed on the drain board body; the second draining grooves communicate with the first draining grooves; and draining holes are uniformly distributed on the drain board body. Meanwhile, the construction method applying the drain board comprises the following steps: (a), measuring and setting out; (b), site levelling; (c), setting cushion laying; (d), pile lofting; (e), drain board laying; (f), cleaning and cutting off; (g), sand pouring and pit filling; (h), geotechnical cloth laying; (i), plastic film mulching and air exhausting; and (j), settlement observation plate burying. The drain board and the construction method have the advantages that the draining capacity is high; the application range is wide; the labor intensity is small; construction cost is reduced; construction is convenient; construction efficiency is high; project construction cost can be lowered, and the project construction cycle is shortened; and the investment benefit of the project is enhanced.

Description

A kind of draining board processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area and construction method
Technical field
The invention belongs to hydraulic engineering technical field, particularly relate to a kind of draining processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area Plate and construction method.
Background technology
Filler major part used by China's reclamation engineering is the weak infiltration such as muck soil or organic clay at present Property, high saturability, low-intensity, high rheological variation weakness barged-in fill are main, in the short time after hydraulic reclamation completes The land-based area soil body is high because of its moisture content, and intensity and bearing capacity are extremely low and can not carry out the relevant treatment of ground in time. Additionally, China's cruiseway lake the most all can produce substantial amounts of dredging silt, desilting mud is stacked for a long time Certain pollution and waste is all there is in dry in the sun to environment and land used resource.Reclaiming land around sea work with regard to blowing-filling sludge soil Cheng Eryan, need to have some strength and thickness to its shallow top layer super soft weak soil drainage sunk well in advance to being formed Crust layer;For the dredging silt in stockyard, then need it is carried out drainage sunk well to reduce soil moisture content. To sum up, above engineering problem be core be all the most quickly to reduce the moisture content of shallow top layer mud.
At present, in reclamation engineering, the Treatment Methods of shallow top layer ultra-soft soil mainly has: the first, natural drying: The general dry in the sun of this method at least needs 1 year and is easily affected by weather, and efficiency of construction is the lowest.The second, flat in floating Shallow-layer process deep vertical plastic draining board associating is manually plugged very on platform or in advance laying geotextile or grid Empty preloading method carries out drainage sunk well, because of high-moisture percentage and the hypotonicity of mud, typically need to carry out vacuum preloading 1~3 months, simultaneously because blowing-filling sludge deflection is very big, it is curved that common plastics draining board will produce wide-angle Fold into and affect the transmission of vacuum and the smooth and easy of drainage channel.And the water discharge method of dredging silt mainly passes through Pre-setting rigidity vertically and horizontally drainage channel in stockyard and mud is carried out vacuum dehydration process, this method can be significantly Accelerate the drainage rates of mud, but pre-set displacement hull and mud is inserted process there are certain requirements, and process The rigid drainage body terminated reclaims relatively complicated, therefore this method is not suitable for large area barged-in fill or the row of desilting soil Hydraulic Projects.
Summary of the invention
Present invention aim at solving above-mentioned technical problem present in prior art, it is provided that a kind of for tidal land Enclosing and cultivating draining board and construction method that district processes, draining board cocker bit combination connects, and installs simple, structure jail Gu, intensity is high, can undertake major part soil pressure, and drainage efficiency is high, and drainability is strong, applied widely, Using the construction method of this draining board, labor intensity is little, reduces construction cost, easy construction, efficiency of construction Height, both can reduce engineering construction cost, and can shorten again the engineering construction cycle, improved the returns of investment of engineering.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that
A kind of draining board processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area, including draining board body, it is characterised in that: draining Being evenly distributed with boss on plate body, the both sides of draining board body are equipped with T-shaped connector, draining board body Other both sides be equipped with T-shaped link slot, T-shaped link slot is corresponding with T-shaped connector, on draining board body Be evenly distributed with first row tank, draining board body be evenly distributed with second row tank, second row tank with First row tank is connected, and draining board body is evenly distributed with osculum;This draining board cocker bit combination is even Connecing, install simple, sound construction, intensity is high, can undertake major part soil pressure, and drainage efficiency is high, draining Ability is strong, applied widely, economical and practical.
Further, being provided with screen plate in osculum, screen plate is provided with dirt-blocking ring, and dirt-blocking ring can stop big Grain mud thing and the passing through of impurity, it is to avoid osculum blocks, it is ensured that the drainage efficiency of draining board.
Further, first row tank and second row tank are in being arranged in a mutually vertical manner, and first row tank is positioned at adjacent Between boss, second row tank is between adjacent lands, and first row tank is interconnected with second row tank, Add drainage efficiency and the drainability of draining board.
Further, the width of first row tank is more than the width of second row tank, and different drainage channels helps In increasing drainage efficiency, greatly reduce hydrostatic pressing effect.
Further, between adjacent lands, it is provided with strengthened connection bar, increases the stability between boss, mutually lead System, is hardly damaged, increases the service life.
Further, boss is cone shape, and boss can resist soil pressure, stops dirt particles to pass through, from And avoid first row tank, second row tank and osculum to block, make draining smooth and easy.
A kind of draining board construction method processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
A () surveying and locating: construction area is divided into unit, carries out cell block survey with theodolite and level gauge Amount setting-out, the beginning and end pile No. then provided according to design drawing gets control stake at each unit, every 5~ 10m releases route Center stake, releases skirt piles and fender pile according to the width set;
B () place flattens: use wet land type bull-dozer to be bulldozed the method that road roller rolls, by boundary of works area Trees, foreign material clean out, the softest region uses giant smooth, and excavates gutter in length and breadth, Mid portion exceeds 30cm than surrounding, by yard drain drainage, it is simple to construction;
C () setting cushion: before Base with Sand Gravel Cushion is laid, first at earth's surface place mat layer of mud matter rock, reserves certain " pre- Camber ", i.e. thick middle, both sides are thin, then lay Base with Sand Gravel Cushion, and Base with Sand Gravel Cushion gross thickness is 60cm, divide two Layer making, ground floor lays 25cm, then injection draining board, then lays remaining 35cm, and use 60~ 80kN static pressure type road roller is compacted, it is ensured that degree of compaction reaches more than 95%, and " camber " is beneficial to ground basin Draining after shape sedimentation;
(d) stake position setting-out: first according to designing given treated length, width and plate away from calculating laying Row and columns, draw, according to result of calculation, the figure that lays out pile, and from 1 open numbering, indicates the numbering of arrangement, often The axis of campshed should be perpendicular to route centrage, curve is normal direction, draws the figure that lays out pile simultaneously and hands over Using when workmen sets, every injection one relevant position on figure marks, and according to the figure that lays out pile, is laying Insert with φ 6 reinforcing bar of 12cm length on the stake position of good ground floor Base with Sand Gravel Cushion, release concrete stake position, stake Top redness is sprayed paint and is made mark;
(e) laying draining board: symmetrical laying sleeper under draining board track, adjacent rail sleepers is smaller than 0.8m, Staff drives crawler type board-plugging device to construction area, lays steel plate, adjacent two draining boards under crawler belt By mating of described T-shaped link slot and described T-shaped connector, carry out card bit combination connection, then will assemble After draining board load the reel of piling machine, be incorporated in intubating, draining board is drawn from the termination that intubates, Turn back, then wear back and intubate middle tension, complete draining board and install, on intubating, leave red-label conduct in advance Projected depth, opens vibration and will intubate align piles position press-in ground, will intubate and pull out after reaching the predetermined design degree of depth Go out, intubate the pore stayed after pulling up, fill with sand gravel, prevent blocking drainage channel and make draining lose efficacy;
F () is cleared up and is cut off: then cleaning exposes the wrench mud of draining board, and tamps with sand, then will The surface of Base with Sand Gravel Cushion strikes off, and is cut off beyond the part of Base with Sand Gravel Cushion by draining board, is allowed to and sand bedding course end face Maintain an equal level, it is ensured that Base with Sand Gravel Cushion at least 20cm is stretched at the top of draining board so that it is through with sand bedding course, then moves To next spiling position, repeat above-mentioned to plug draining board action;
G () fills sand and fills out hole: dig out totally by the gap formed between adjacent drainage channel plate, backfills with sand gravel, And the hole of formation is recessed in backfill construction, righting draining board when filling out hole, the levelness deviation controlling draining board is little In 5cm, it is compacted with static pressure type road roller at backfill, it is ensured that degree of compaction reaches more than 90% simultaneously;
H () lays geotextiles: after filling out hole compacting, re-laying geotextiles, geotextiles is laterally laid, The laying route direction of geotextiles is in opposite direction with the making of ground floor filler, and later layer geotextiles is pressed in previous In layer geotextiles, the lap of splice of adjacent geotextiles is more than 25cm, and the engineering time extends, on geotextiles upper berth Site Soil thick for 20cm adds a cover protection;
I () plastic film mulch is bled: lay one layer of diaphragm seal in geotextiles, with vacuum air pump under diaphragm seal Ground is bled, until vacuum reaches to stop after design requires, then backfills soil, and staff drives Sail static pressure type road roller to be finally compacted, ground is loaded precompressed, forces the super quiet hole in the beach soil body Water is discharged, and gradually consolidates, and ground settles, and intensity steps up, and reaches to be previously-completed major part ground The processing procedure of sedimentation, improves bearing capacity and the stability of ground simultaneously;
J () buries settlement observation plate underground: bury the timber of a length of 1m underground in processing soft soil location as settlement observation Mark, sets settlement plate bottom Lu Zhizheng, and along with the increase spreading of the depth of fill observes bar, settlement plate is imbedded In Base with Sand Gravel Cushion, bottom roadbed 10~15cm, observation bar stretches out outside geotextiles, the polyethylene of upper set φ 20 Plastic tube, does a settlement observation after having buried underground, the most often fill out one layer of soil, then observe once, and do in time Good record.
Further, step (c) uses light vehicle transport gravel, then sand gravel is stacked at construction area Overseas, be then transported in construction area with light transport vehicle, gravel pave accomplish uniform, smooth, formed Two-way horizontal wall inscription, owing to earth's surface is weaker, uses light transport vehicle to reduce the disturbance to ground.
Due to the fact that and have employed technique scheme, have the advantages that
Draining board cocker bit combination in the present invention connects, and installs simple, sound construction, and intensity is high, can hold Load major part soil pressure, drainage efficiency is high, and drainability is strong, applied widely, economical and practical;The present invention In construction method, labor intensity is little, reduces construction cost, easy construction, and efficiency of construction is high, both can drop Low engineering construction cost, can shorten again the engineering construction cycle, improves the returns of investment of engineering, draining board and soil Work cloth composition forms an integrated system with infiltration, water storage and drain function, greatly strengthens the row of the soil body Outlet capacity, accelerates pore water pressure dissipation, shortens the time required for soil solidifying;Construction technology is simple, Construction processing is effective, enclosing and cultivating, harbour, dyke, highway communication, the engineering such as soft soil foundation place reinforcing Middle application will be more and more, have broad application prospects, have obvious Social benefit and economic benefit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of draining board processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of screen plate in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram in the present invention after draining board laying.
In figure: 1-draining board body;2-boss;3-strengthened connection bar;4-T type connector;5-T type connects Groove;6-first row tank;7-second row tank;8-osculum;9-screen plate;10-dirt-blocking ring;11-sand Gravel bed course;12-geotextiles;13-diaphragm seal.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, for the present invention a kind of for Tidal Flat Inning Area process draining board, including row Water plate body 1, draining board body 1 is evenly distributed with boss 2, boss 2 in cone shape, boss 2 energy Enough resist soil pressure, stop dirt particles to pass through, thus avoid drainage channel to block, make draining smooth and easy.Phase It is provided with strengthened connection bar 3 between adjacent boss 2, increases the stability between boss 2, mutually pin down, not rapid wear Bad, increase the service life.The both sides of draining board body 1 are equipped with T-shaped connector 4, draining board body 1 Additionally both sides are equipped with T-shaped link slot 5, and T-shaped link slot 5 is corresponding with T-shaped connector 4, adjacent two Draining board is mated by T-shaped link slot 5 and T-shaped connector 4, carries out card bit combination connection, structure letter Single, easy for installation.
It is evenly distributed with first row tank 6 on draining board body 1, draining board body 1 is evenly distributed with second Rhone 7, second row tank 7 is connected with first row tank 6, first row tank 6 and second row tank 7 In being arranged in a mutually vertical manner, the width of first row tank 6 is more than the width of second row tank 7, first row tank 6 Between adjacent lands 2, second row tank 7 between adjacent lands 2, first row tank 6 and Two rhones 7 are interconnected, and different drainage channels contributes to increasing drainage efficiency and drainage effect, significantly Reduce hydrostatic pressing effect.
It is evenly distributed with osculum 8 on draining board body 1, in osculum 8, is provided with screen plate 9, screen plate 9 Being provided with dirt-blocking ring 10, dirt-blocking ring 10 can stop passing through of bulky grain mud thing and impurity, it is to avoid osculum 8 blocks up Plug, it is ensured that the drainage efficiency of draining board.This draining board cocker bit combination connects, and installs simple, sound construction, Intensity is high, can undertake major part soil pressure, and drainage efficiency is high, and drainability is strong, applied widely, economical Practical.
A kind of draining board construction method processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area, comprises the steps:
A () surveying and locating: construction area is divided into junior unit, carries out cell block with theodolite and level gauge Surveying and locating, the beginning and end pile No. then provided according to design drawing gets control stake at each unit, every 5~ 10m releases route Center stake, releases skirt piles and fender pile according to the width set.
B () place flattens: use wet land type bull-dozer to be bulldozed the method that road roller rolls, by boundary of works area Trees, foreign material clean out, the softest region, local uses giant smooth, and excavates draining in length and breadth Ditch, mid portion exceeds 30cm than surrounding, by yard drain drainage, it is simple to construction.
C () setting cushion: owing to earth's surface is weaker, uses light vehicle transport gravel, reduces over the ground as far as possible The disturbance of base, is stacked at sand gravel outside construction area, is then transported in construction area by smaller vehicle, Gravel paves and accomplishes uniform, smooth, forms two-way horizontal wall inscription, notes avoiding earth, foreign material to be mixed into gravel simultaneously Stone.Before Base with Sand Gravel Cushion 11 is laid, first at earth's surface place mat layer of mud matter rock, reserve certain " camber ", i.e. Thick middle, both sides are thin, beneficially draining after the sedimentation of ground basin shape.Then Base with Sand Gravel Cushion 11, Base with Sand Gravel Cushion are laid 11 use the clay content medium coarse sand less than 5%, and Base with Sand Gravel Cushion 11 gross thickness is 60cm, point two-layer making, the Lay 25cm, then injection draining board, then lay remaining 35cm for one layer, and use 60~80kN quiet Pressure type road roller is compacted, and must not shake stone roller, it is ensured that degree of compaction reaches more than 95%, its thickness of argillaceous rocks bed course Being generally no greater than 100cm, and maximum particle diameter is not more than 10cm, do not affect draining board plugs work.
(d) stake position setting-out: first according to designing given treated length, width and plate away from calculating laying Row and columns, draw, according to result of calculation, the figure that lays out pile, and from 1 open numbering, indicates the numbering of arrangement, often The axis of campshed should be perpendicular to route centrage, curve is normal direction, draws the figure that lays out pile simultaneously and hands over Using when workmen sets, every injection one relevant position on figure marks, in order to avoid omitting.According to laying out pile Figure, inserts with φ 6 reinforcing bar of 12cm length on the stake position of the ground floor Base with Sand Gravel Cushion 11 laid, releases tool The stake position of body, stake top redness sprays paint and makes mark, block the end of draining board when setting with this reinforcing bar, Draining board is anchored at the bottom of hole, prevents from carrying during tube drawing upper draining board.Put during stake position general once unsuitable too much, First laying in half range, in order to avoid losing during construction, construction should often notice checksum protection, loss and Time fill.
(e) laying draining board: symmetrical laying sleeper under draining board track, adjacent rail sleepers is smaller than 0.8m, For track joining place, it is necessary to encryption lays railway sleepers.Staff drives crawler type board-plugging device to construction area, Under crawler belt, lay steel plate, facilitate the walking of crawler type board-plugging device to prevent from miring down in mud.Use self-propelled DJL30-20A crawler type formula board-plugging device, it is flexible that it has simple in construction, easy to maintenance, stable performance and displacement Etc. advantage.Adjacent two draining boards are mated by T-shaped link slot 5 and T-shaped connector 4, carry out screens Combination connect, then will assemble after draining board load piling machine reel, be incorporated in intubating, by draining board Draw from the termination that intubates, turn back, then wear back and intubate middle tension, complete draining board and install, on intubating in advance First stay red-label as projected depth, open vibration and will intubate align piles position press-in ground, reach predetermined To intubate after projected depth and extract, when intubate pull up after the pore that stayed, it is impossible to ball clay or other materials Blocking, it is necessary to fill with sand gravel, prevents blocking drainage channel and makes draining lose efficacy.
F () is cleared up and is cut off: then cleaning exposes the wrench mud of draining board, and tamps with sand, then will The surface of Base with Sand Gravel Cushion 11 strikes off, and is cut off beyond the part of Base with Sand Gravel Cushion 11 by draining board, in order to avoid after bursting Continuous step lays layer, is allowed to maintain an equal level with sand bedding course end face, it is ensured that Base with Sand Gravel Cushion 11 is stretched at the top of draining board At least 20cm so that it is through with sand bedding course, then moves on to next spiling position, repeats above-mentioned to plug draining board Action.
G () fills sand and fills out hole: dig out totally by the gap formed between adjacent drainage channel plate, backfills with sand gravel, And the hole of formation is recessed in backfill construction, righting draining board when filling out hole, the levelness deviation controlling draining board is little In 5cm, it is compacted with static pressure type road roller at backfill, it is ensured that degree of compaction reaches more than 90% simultaneously.
H () lays geotextiles: after filling out hole compacting, re-laying geotextiles 12, geotextiles 12 is horizontal Laying, the laying route direction of geotextiles 12 is in opposite direction with the making of ground floor filler, and such as ground floor is filled out Expect making from west to east, then geotextiles 12 overlaps the most from east to west, and later layer geotextiles 12 is pressed in preceding layer In geotextiles 12, the lap of splice of adjacent geotextiles 12 is more than 25cm, for avoiding the geotextiles 12 completed Long-term exposure, geotextiles 12 lays should fill ground floor filler as early as possible, and interval time is unsuitable long.As must Must extend the engineering time, the Site Soil thick at geotextiles 12 upper berth 20cm adds a cover protection, forbids Construction traffic Geotextiles 12 travels.
I () plastic film mulch is bled: lay one layer of diaphragm seal 13 in geotextiles 12, with vacuum air pump to sealing Ground under film 13 is bled, until vacustat stops when more than 75Kpa, then backfills soil, Staff drives static pressure type road roller and is finally compacted, and ground is loaded precompressed, forces in the beach soil body Super quiet pore water discharge, gradually consolidate, ground settles, and intensity steps up, and reaches to be previously-completed The processing procedure of major part settlement of foundation, improves bearing capacity and the stability of ground simultaneously.
J () buries settlement observation plate underground: bury the timber of a length of 1m underground in processing soft soil location as settlement observation Mark, sedimentation observing mark should conscientiously be protected, and makes significantly mark, prevents from colliding in construction.In road Settlement plate is set bottom the heart, along with the increase spreading of the depth of fill observes bar, in settlement plate embedment Base with Sand Gravel Cushion 11, Bottom roadbed 10~15cm, observation bar stretches out outside geotextiles 12, the vinyl tube of upper set φ 20, Doing a settlement observation after having buried underground, construction period often fills out one layer of soil, then observes once, and does easy to remember in time Record.If being spaced longer when filling for twice, within every 3 days, at least observe once.After embankment completes, typically First quarter moon or monthly observe once.
Draining board cocker bit combination in the present invention connects, and installs simple, sound construction, and intensity is high, can hold Load major part soil pressure, drainage efficiency is high, and drainability is strong, applied widely, economical and practical;The present invention In construction method, labor intensity is little, reduces construction cost, easy construction, and efficiency of construction is high, both can drop Low engineering construction cost, can shorten again the engineering construction cycle, improves the returns of investment of engineering, draining board and soil Work cloth 12 composition forms an integrated system with infiltration, water storage and drain function, greatly strengthens the soil body Drainability, accelerates pore water pressure dissipation, shortens the time required for soil solidifying;Construction technology is simple, Construction processing is effective, enclosing and cultivating, harbour, dyke, highway communication, the engineering such as soft soil foundation place reinforcing Middle application will be more and more, have broad application prospects, have obvious Social benefit and economic benefit. This construction method points for attention:
(1) track direction by the way is laid, and should make same section holding level, during to ensure injection when laying track Perpendicularity < 1.5%.
(2) injection advances to Lu Zhizheng from banket, and often row can set 5~8, has beaten a row and has moved further along Dynamic door frame, until the settled point in treated length direction.The most traversing door frame, returns next width of injection.
(3) mud taken out of when pulling out insertion rod on, must not abandon on sand bedding course, in order to avoid blocking drainage channel.
(4) draining board does not the most allow spreading.If answering strip off filter membrane to make central layer connect flat (overlap joint length when wanting spreading Degree >=20cm) then wrap filter membrane, then order jail with ordering trigger.The radical of spreading no more than setting the 5% of radical, General the most only permission spreading is once.The plate of spreading is preferably adjusted to banket position and sets.
(5) the sedimentation changeover portion of works both sides must enter in strict accordance with length, spacing, the beginning and the end scope of transition Row sets.Process too in the range of abutment inner cone slope 2/3H (filled height).
(6) construction time should strengthen check, it is ensured that plate away from, perpendicularity, plate length, with the compliant such as strip length want Ask, otherwise should beat again, the stake position beaten again and former stake position be not more than plate away from 15%.
(7) for duricrust (being typically 0.6~1m) the stayed rod aperture after insertion rod rises on construction section earth's surface, no Can block with ball clay or other materials, it is necessary to fill with sand, make process failure with blockage resisting drainage channel.
(8) construction note is carried out by stake during construction.
This construction method safety measure:
(1) owing in the construction of spacious wilderness, construction operation number is few, is in again the early development stage, typically Good execution conditions, safety can not be had to pay much attention to;
(2) in construction, cable must carry out " Three-phase five-wire " system.All electrical equipments must be installed anticreep Protector, all of distribution box, plug-in strip case must use and meet the lock case that regulation requires.The electricity of turnover lock case The necessary fix tightly of source line, blend rubber sheath is protected;
(3) fixed power source line should be maked somebody a mere figurehead as far as possible, it is impossible to time built on stilts, it is necessary to uses water proof rubber cable, mops floor Cable has to comply with resistance to pressure request, forbids to use the most aging old cable or underproof product, all of electricity Cable joint must have a strict anticreep measure, and with rod by joint erector overhead;
(4) pitching pile operation such as thundery sky, it is necessary to stop operation, and pile pipe is inserted in ground;
(5) plate operation must special messenger be commanded, and particularly wears the necessary coordination of personnel of shoe, is strictly on guard against people Body injures.
This construction method environmental practice:
(1) education worker learns the environmental regulations such as the Law on Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China, strengthens worker Environmental protection consciousness, and voluntary observance environmental regulation;
(2) carry out the communication and education of environmental conservation, improve all engineering staffs and environmental conservation importance is recognized Knowing, carry out the policy of " put prevention first, prevent and treat combination, integrated management ", education employee consciously carries out ring Border protection work;
(3) environmental monitoring body is set up according to " environment management standard " (GB/T24000-ISO14000) System, constantly feedback monitoring information, takes measures to rectify and reform;
(4) control construction waste water, mud discharge, special row pond or bucket will be set, have professional to process;
(5) forbid constructing at strong wind weather, construction to be gone along with sb. to guard him measure;
(6) construction machinery to be avoided carrying on construction work at night;
(7) position of oil plant regulation to be placed on, special messenger to be had keeping;
(8) construction must not there is pyrotechnics around combustibles;
(9) job site reasonable Arrangement, field hold clean and tidy, closure construction, and garbage is cleared up in time, and scene is entered Row functional in organized water drainage;
(10) the strict implement existing environmental conservation pertinent regulations of country and corporate environment defence program file, anti- The phenomenon damaging surrounding and health of human body is only had to occur;
(11) construction waste water, sanitary sewage is processed by relevant requirement, must not be directly discharged into farmland, river Stream and channel;
(12) life that occurred in construction, producing rubbish, centralized collection transports outward in time, must not be the most naked Dew is disposed and is polluted environment.
These are only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but the technical characteristic of the present invention is not limited thereto.Any Based on the present invention, for solving essentially identical technical problem, it is achieved essentially identical technique effect, institute Simple change, equivalent or the modifications etc. made, are all covered by among protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. the draining board processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area, including draining board body, it is characterised in that: described Being evenly distributed with boss on draining board body, the both sides of described draining board body are equipped with T-shaped connector, The other both sides of described draining board body are equipped with T-shaped link slot, described T-shaped link slot and described T Type connector is corresponding, and described draining board body is evenly distributed with first row tank, described draining board Being evenly distributed with second row tank on body, described second row tank is connected with described first row tank, It is evenly distributed with osculum on described draining board body.
A kind of draining board processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Being provided with screen plate in described osculum, described screen plate is provided with dirt-blocking ring.
A kind of draining board processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Described first row tank and described second row tank are in being arranged in a mutually vertical manner, and described first row tank is positioned at Between adjacent described boss, described second row tank is between adjacent described boss.
A kind of draining board processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The width of described first row tank is more than the width of described second row tank.
A kind of draining board processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: It is provided with strengthened connection bar between adjacent described boss.
A kind of draining board processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Described boss is cone shape.
7. a kind of draining board construction method processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area as described in claim 1-6, it is special Levy and be to comprise the steps:
A () surveying and locating: construction area is divided into unit, carries out cell block survey with theodolite and level gauge Amount setting-out, then gets control stake according to the beginning and end pile No. of design drawing offer at each unit, every 5~10m release route Center stake, release skirt piles and fender pile according to the width set;
B () place flattens: use wet land type bull-dozer to be bulldozed the method that road roller rolls, by boundary of works area Trees, foreign material clean out, the softest region uses giant smooth, and excavates draining in length and breadth Ditch, mid portion exceeds 30cm than surrounding, by yard drain drainage;
C () setting cushion: before Base with Sand Gravel Cushion is laid, first at earth's surface place mat layer of mud matter rock, reserves certain " pre- Camber ", i.e. thick middle, both sides are thin, then lay Base with Sand Gravel Cushion, and Base with Sand Gravel Cushion gross thickness is 60cm, Dividing two-layer making, ground floor lays 25cm, then injection draining board, then lays remaining 35cm, And using 60~80kN static pressure type road rollers to be compacted, it is ensured that degree of compaction reaches more than 95%;
(d) stake position setting-out: first according to designing given treated length, width and plate away from calculating laying Row and columns, draw, according to result of calculation, the figure that lays out pile, and from 1 open numbering, indicates the numbering of arrangement, The axis of every campshed should be perpendicular to route centrage, curve is normal direction, draws a cloth simultaneously Stake figure hands over workmen to use when setting, and every injection one relevant position on figure marks, according to laying out pile Figure, inserts with φ 6 reinforcing bar of 12cm length on the stake position of the ground floor Base with Sand Gravel Cushion laid, releases Concrete stake position, stake top redness is sprayed paint and is made mark;
(e) laying draining board: symmetrical laying sleeper under draining board track, adjacent rail sleepers is smaller than 0.8m, Staff drives crawler type board-plugging device to construction area, lays steel plate, adjacent two rows under crawler belt Water plate is mated by described T-shaped link slot and described T-shaped connector, carries out card bit combination connection, Draining board after assembling again loads the reel of piling machine, is incorporated in intubating, by draining board from intubating Termination draw, turn back, then wear back and intubate middle tension, complete draining board installation, on intubating in advance Stay red-label as projected depth, open vibration and will intubate align piles position press-in ground, reach pre- To intubate after determining projected depth and extract, and intubate the pore stayed after pulling up, fill with sand gravel;
F () is cleared up and is cut off: then cleaning exposes the wrench mud of draining board, and tamps with sand, then will The surface of Base with Sand Gravel Cushion strikes off, and is cut off beyond the part of Base with Sand Gravel Cushion by draining board, is allowed to and sand bedding course End face maintains an equal level, it is ensured that Base with Sand Gravel Cushion at least 20cm is stretched at the top of draining board so that it is through with sand bedding course, Then move on to next spiling position, repeat above-mentioned to plug draining board action;
G () fills sand and fills out hole: dig out totally by the gap formed between adjacent drainage channel plate, backfills with sand gravel, And the hole of formation is recessed in backfill construction, righting draining board when filling out hole, the levelness controlling draining board is inclined Difference, less than 5cm, is compacted with static pressure type road roller at backfill, it is ensured that degree of compaction reaches 90% simultaneously Above;
H () lays geotextiles: after filling out hole compacting, re-laying geotextiles, geotextiles is laterally laid, The laying route direction of geotextiles is in opposite direction with the making of ground floor filler, and later layer geotextiles is pressed in In preceding layer geotextiles, the lap of splice of adjacent geotextiles is more than 25cm, and the engineering time extends, at soil Site Soil thick for work cloth upper berth 20cm adds a cover protection;
I () plastic film mulch is bled: lay one layer of diaphragm seal in geotextiles, with vacuum air pump under diaphragm seal Ground is bled, until vacuum reaches to stop after design requires, then backfills soil, and work people Member drives static pressure type road roller and is finally compacted;
J () buries settlement observation plate underground: bury the timber of a length of 1m underground in processing soft soil location as settlement observation Mark, sets settlement plate bottom Lu Zhizheng, along with the increase spreading of the depth of fill observes bar, settlement plate In embedment Base with Sand Gravel Cushion, bottom roadbed 10~15cm, observation bar stretches out outside geotextiles, upper set φ 20 Vinyl tube, do a settlement observation after having buried underground, the most often fill out one layer of soil, then observe one Secondary, and make a record in time.
A kind of draining board processed for Tidal Flat Inning Area the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: Step (c) uses light vehicle transport gravel, then sand gravel is stacked at outside construction area, so Being transported in construction area with light transport vehicle afterwards, gravel paves and accomplishes uniform, smooth, is formed two-way Horizontal wall inscription.
CN201610211665.6A 2016-04-06 2016-04-06 A kind of drain bar and construction method for Tidal Flat Inning Area processing Active CN105862710B (en)

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CN106382923A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-02-08 紫金矿业集团股份有限公司 A layout pile used for mine roads and a layout method thereof
CN106835956A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-06-13 交通运输部公路科学研究所 Abutment Back bankets embedded rigid porous disc
CN107820767A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-23 江苏省农业科学院 A kind of method for enclosing and cultivating tidal land breeding combination quick improvement soil
CN108193664A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-06-22 安徽万安塑料制品有限公司 A kind of high intensity drain bar
CN108978628A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-11 安徽中路工程材料有限公司 High-strength waterproof antiskid drain bar
CN109137881A (en) * 2018-10-15 2019-01-04 安徽中路工程材料有限公司 Cross reinforcement wear-resisting type drainage module
CN111021332A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-04-17 诚通凯胜生态建设有限公司 Construction method for soft foundation treatment

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CN110029654B (en) * 2019-04-12 2020-12-04 杭州知桔科技有限公司 Bilateral symmetry adjustable plastic drainage board inserting plate device

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CN106382923A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-02-08 紫金矿业集团股份有限公司 A layout pile used for mine roads and a layout method thereof
CN106835956A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-06-13 交通运输部公路科学研究所 Abutment Back bankets embedded rigid porous disc
CN106835956B (en) * 2017-03-28 2018-08-31 交通运输部公路科学研究所 Abutment Back bankets embedded rigid porous disc
CN107820767A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-23 江苏省农业科学院 A kind of method for enclosing and cultivating tidal land breeding combination quick improvement soil
CN108193664A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-06-22 安徽万安塑料制品有限公司 A kind of high intensity drain bar
CN108978628A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-11 安徽中路工程材料有限公司 High-strength waterproof antiskid drain bar
CN109137881A (en) * 2018-10-15 2019-01-04 安徽中路工程材料有限公司 Cross reinforcement wear-resisting type drainage module
CN111021332A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-04-17 诚通凯胜生态建设有限公司 Construction method for soft foundation treatment
CN111021332B (en) * 2019-12-13 2021-08-10 诚通凯胜生态建设有限公司 Construction method for soft foundation treatment

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