CN105818386A - Desktop type 3D printer broken wire detection and alarm device - Google Patents

Desktop type 3D printer broken wire detection and alarm device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105818386A
CN105818386A CN 201610263056 CN201610263056A CN105818386A CN 105818386 A CN105818386 A CN 105818386A CN 201610263056 CN201610263056 CN 201610263056 CN 201610263056 A CN201610263056 A CN 201610263056A CN 105818386 A CN105818386 A CN 105818386A
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alarm
means
length
weight
broken wire
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CN 201610263056
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105818386B (en )
Inventor
白培康
赵占勇
韩冰
王建宏
刘斌
李玉新
党惊知
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中北大学
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y50/00Data acquisition or data processing for additive manufacturing
    • B33Y50/02Data acquisition or data processing for additive manufacturing for controlling or regulating additive manufacturing processes

Abstract

The invention provides a desktop type 3D printer broken wire detection and alarm device. The broken wire detection and alarm device comprises a support used for supporting a tray, a weight measurement device used for measuring the weight of printing wires in the tray on the support in real time, an alarm device used for giving an alarm and a detection device arranged above a printer nozzle and used for detecting the length of the printing wires. The broken wire detection and alarm device realizes detection and alarm of broken wires in the printing process of the desktop type 3D printer, avoids the phenomenon of broken wires in the printing process, improves printing efficiency and product quality and ensures the excellent structure properties of printed products.

Description

一种桌面型3D打印机断丝检测报警装置 One kind of 3D desktop printers broken wire detector alarm device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明属于3D打印增材制造技术领域,涉及一种桌面型3D打印机断丝检测报警装置。 [0001] The present invention belongs to 3D printing additive manufacturing technical field relates to a 3D desktop printers broken wire detector alarm device.

技术背景 technical background

[0002] 3D打印是快速成型技术的一种,是一种基于离散和堆积原理的制造技术,是一种以数字模型文件为基础,运用金属或塑料等可粘合材料,通过逐层打印的方式来构造物体的技术。 [0002] 3D printing is a rapid prototyping technology, and is based on discrete manufacturing technology accumulation principle, the model is a digital file based on the use of metal or plastic may be an adhesive material, printed layer by layer embodiment constructed art object. 其设计过程一般为先通过计算机建模软件建模,再将建成的三维模型“分区”成逐层的截面,即切片,从而指导打印机逐层打印。 The design process is generally first by computer modeling software modeling, 3D model and then into the "partition" layer by layer into the section that slice, layer by layer to guide the printer to print. 3D打印技术的实现,可以大大拓展产品创意与创新空间;极大缩短新产品研发周期,降低研发成本;简化制造环节,提高产品质量与可靠性;可以制造出一些传统工艺无法加工的零部件,甚至能够支撑个性化定制等高级创新模式的实现。 3D printing technology to achieve, can greatly expand product creativity and innovation space; greatly shorten new product development cycles, reduce development costs; simplify the manufacturing sector, improve product quality and reliability; can produce some of the traditional process can not be processed parts, even capable of supporting innovative models for advanced customization and so on. 与传统的制造方法相比,该技术具有生产周期短、精密程度高、成本低的优势,并且可以灵活地改变设计方案,实现柔性生产,在新产品的开发中具有广阔的应用前景。 Compared with traditional manufacturing methods, the technology has a short production cycle, high degree of precision, low-cost advantages and the flexibility to change the design of programs to achieve flexible production, has broad application prospects in the development of new products.

[0003]随着3D打印技术的发展,3D打印设备也快速发展。 [0003] With the development of 3D printing technology, 3D printing equipment has also developed rapidly. 桌面型3D打印机是一种利用ABS、PLA等作为原材料的热熔成形方法的打印设备。 3D is a desktop printer using ABS, PLA or the like as a hot-melt molding method of a printing apparatus of raw materials. 该技术利用普通打印机的原理,利用计算机处理好数据,把原料装入机身,通过控制主板的控制,用打印头将原料一层一层累积起来,最后将计算机上的设计图变成实物。 This technique utilizes the principle of common printer, using a computer to handle data, the raw material charged body, controlled by the control board, the print head accumulated material layer by layer, finally the design on the computer becomes kind. 从而极大地缩短了产品的研制周期,提高了生产率,降低了生产成本。 Thus greatly shorten the product development cycle, improve productivity and reduce production costs.

[0004]桌面型3D打印机在打印成形过程中,容易发生断丝,如果不及时将断丝接上,将不会打印出合格制品,不仅浪费了丝材,同时对打印机也造成一定的损害。 [0004] desktop 3D printer to print forming process, prone to broken wires, if not the broken wires connected, will not be printed out qualified products, not only a waste of wire, while the printer also cause some damage. 如何监控打印过程中断丝现象以及及时报警是目前的研究难点。 How to monitor the printing process is interrupted silk and timely warning is the phenomenon of research difficulty. 为了解决上述问题,发明了一种桌面型3D打印机断丝检测报警装置,实现了打印过程中对丝材的检测及报警,从而提高了产品质量,减少丝料的浪费,对桌面型3D打印机推广具有重要意义。 To solve the above problems, we invented a 3D desktop printers broken wire alarm apparatus, a printing process to achieve detection and alarm of the wire, thereby improving product quality, reduce waste silk material, 3D desktop printers to promote important.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005]本发明提供一种桌面型3D打印机断丝检测报警装置,实现桌面型3D打印机打印过程中对断丝的检测和报警,避免打印过程中的断丝现象,提高打印效率和产品质量,制备组织性能优良的制品。 [0005] The present invention provides a 3D desktop printers broken wire alarm apparatus, to achieve 3D desktop printer during detection and alarm of yarn breakage, to avoid yarn breakage during printing, to improve the printing efficiency and product quality, preparation of tissue products excellent performance.

[0006]本发明为了实现上述目的所采用的技术方案是: [0006] Technical Solution To achieve the above object of the present invention is used is:

桌面型3D打印机断丝检测报警装置,包括用于支撑料盘的支架、用于实时测量支架上料盘内打印丝重量的重量测量装置,用于报警的报警装置以及设置于打印机喷头上方的长度检测装置; 3D desktop printers broken wire alarm apparatus, comprising a holder for holding the tray, for real-time measuring means measuring the weight of the tray on the printed wire stent by weight for the length of the alarm and the alarm means is provided above the printer head detection means;

所述重量测量装置由称重传感器弹性体、应变计桥路及重量转换器组成,安装于支架的两端,并与报警装置连接; The weight measuring apparatus by the load cell elastomer, and strain gauge bridge converter consisting by weight, attached to both ends of the stent, and connected to the alarm device;

所述长度检测装置由两个带有凹槽的滚轮和设置于滚轮两端的计数器构成,打印丝从两个滚轮的凹槽中间穿过,滚轮的凹槽直径为2_4mm,计数器外接长度转换器,长度转换器连接报警装置; Said length detecting means to the counter roller at both ends and composed of two rollers provided with a recess, the recess print wire through the middle of the two rollers, the roller diameter of the recess 2_4mm, external counter length converter, alarm means connected to the length of the converter;

所述支架采用Q235、45号钢或尼龙材质;所述支架的长度为70-100mm,直径为50-70mm;所述报警装置包括用于接收重量测量装置和计数器信号的控制系统和用于发送报警信号的蓝牙无线信号发射装置。 The number Q235,45 stent using steel or nylon; the length of the stent is 70-100mm, 50-70mm diameter; said alarm means comprises a system for controlling the receiving means and the counter weight measuring signals and for transmitting Bluetooth wireless signal transmitting apparatus of an alarm signal.

[0007]本发明的有益效果为: [0007] Advantageous effects of the present invention are:

(1)该装置实现了对料盘中打印丝重量的实时测量,从而能够确定料盘中的打印丝的量是否足够; (1) The device implements the real-time measurement of the weight of the trays print wire, it is possible to determine the amount of the printing wire of the trays is sufficient;

(2)该装置实现了对3D打印过程中断丝现象的双重检测报警,实现了对打印过程中断丝现象的实时监控,及时提醒操作者对断丝问题进行连接,从而保证了打印的连续性,提高了产品质量,减少丝料的浪费,对桌面型3D打印机推广具有重要意义。 (2) The device implements a 3D printing process interrupted filamentation double detection alarm, to achieve real-time monitoring of Wire is interrupted during printing, a timely reminder for the operator to issue the broken wire connection, thus ensuring the continuity of the print, improve product quality, reduce waste silk material, it is important for desktop 3D printer promotion.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0008]图1是一种桌面型3D打印机断丝检测报警装置示意图; [0008] FIG. 1 is a broken wire 3D printer desktop diagram of an alarm device;

图2是支架结构示意图; FIG 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the stent;

图3是重量测量装置示意图; FIG 3 is a schematic view of the weight measuring apparatus;

图4是滚轮结构示意图; 4 is a schematic structure of a roller;

图5是计数器内部结构示意图; FIG 5 is a schematic view of an internal counter;

图中:1、重量测量装置,2、料盘,3、打印丝,4、滚轮,5、计数器,6、打印喷头,7、报警装置,8、蓝牙无线信号发射装置,9、手机,10、支架,11、应变计桥路,12、称重传感器弹性体,13、长度转换器,14、线圈,15、磁铁,16、重量转换器。 FIG: 1, the weight measuring apparatus 2, tray 3, the printing wire 4, the roller 5, a counter 6, printing head 7, the alarm means 8, the Bluetooth wireless signal transmitting means 9, a mobile phone, 10 , the bracket 11, a strain gauge bridge, 12, load cell elastic body 13, the length of the converter, 14, the coil 15, magnet 16, the weight of the converter.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0009]下面结合附图对本发明做进一步说明: [0009] DRAWINGS The present invention is further described:

桌面型3D打印机断丝检测报警装置,如图1所示,包括用于支撑料盘的如图2所示的支架10、支架10可选择Q235、45#、尼龙棒等材质,支架10的长度为70-100mm,直径为50-70mm;本装置还包括支架10两端安装着的如图3所示的重量测量装置I和用于提醒操作者断丝的报警装置7,重量测量装置I和报警装置7连接,重量测量装置I由称重传感器弹性体12、应变计桥路11及重量转换器16等零部件组成,在重力作用下称重传感器弹性体12产生变形,贝占附于弹性体上的应变计桥路11失去平衡,输出与重量数值成正比例的电信号,电信号经过重量转换器16转变为数字信号,重量测量装置I与支架10紧密配合,从而实现对料盘内原料重量的实时测量,以预估料盘中打印丝是否够用;打印过程中发生断丝时,料盘2内部的打印丝3的重量将不再发生变化,重量测量装置I将该信号发送到报警装 3D desktop printers broken wire alarm apparatus, shown in Figure 1, comprises a supporting bracket 2 as shown in FIG tray 10, the bracket 10 may select Q235,45 #, the length of the rod material such as nylon, stent 10 is 70-100mm, 50-70mm in diameter; the present apparatus further comprises a bracket 10 mounted at both ends of the alarm device of FIG. 3 weight measurement means for alerting an operator I and broken wire 7, and the weight measuring means I alarm device 7 is connected, I weight measuring device 12 by the load cell elastomer, and a strain gauge bridge 11 wt converter 16 and other component parts, the elastic body 12 load cell deformation under the action of gravity, it is attached to the elastic shell accounting strain gauge bridge out of balance member 11, and outputs an electrical signal proportional to the value of the weight, the weight of the electrical signal through the converter 16 into a digital signal, I weight measuring device 10 and the mating holder, enabling the raw material to the tray realtime weight measurement, to estimate the adequacy trays print wire; when yarn breakage occurs during printing, the inside of the tray 2 wt print wire 3 will no longer change, the weight measuring device transmits the signal to the I alarm equipment 7,报警装置7里面安装的控制系统处理信号后由蓝牙无线信号发射装置8将信号发送到操作者的手机9,从而提醒操作者,对断丝进行连接。 7, the control system processes signals of the alarm device 7 is mounted inside the signal 8 transmitted by the Bluetooth device transmits a signal to the operator of the mobile phone 9, and thus notifies the operator of the broken wire connection.

[0010]本装置还包括在打印喷头6上方安装的打印丝长度检测装置,如图4、图5所示,打印丝长度检测装置由两个滚轮4及滚轮两端的计数器5组成,计数器5外部连接长度转换器13,长度转换器13连接报警装置7,滚轮4凹槽直径为2-4mm,打印丝从两滚轮凹槽之间穿过,当打印丝经过两滚轮4时,带动两滚轮4转动,在滚轮4 一侧缠绕线圈14,计数器5内部安装有磁铁15,当滚轮4转动时,滚轮4上的线圈14随之转动,转动的线圈14与磁铁15产生电信号,该信号发送到长度转换器13,从而测量出打印丝的转速及其长度;当发生断丝时,滚轮4将停止转动,计数器5将信号通过长度转换器13发送到报警装置7,报警装置7的控制系统将信息通过蓝牙无线信号发射装置8发送到操作者的手机9上,实现对断丝的报警,从而提醒操作者及时连接。 [0010] The present apparatus further comprises a print wire length detecting means 6 is mounted above the printing head, and FIG. 4, FIG. 5, the two rollers 4 and the roller across the print wire length counter means 5 detecting composition, External Counter length converter 13 is connected, the length of the converter 13 is connected to an alarm device 7, the recess having a diameter of 2-4mm roller 4, the print wire pass between two rollers recess, when the printing wire 4 through the two rollers, two drive rollers 4 rotation, the roller 4 side of the wound coil 14, the internal counter 5 is attached to magnet 15, when the roller 4 is rotated, the coil 14 will rotate the roller 4, the rotation of the coil 14 and the magnet 15 generates an electrical signal, the signal is transmitted to the length converter 13 to measure the speed and length of the printing wires; when yarn breakage occurs, the roller 4 stops rotating, the counter 5 send a signal to the alarm device 7 through the length of the converter 13, alarm system control apparatus 7 will Bluetooth wireless information signal transmission device 8 transmits to the mobile phone operator 9, to achieve the alarm of yarn breakage, thus reminding the operator to timely connection.

[0011]最后说明的是,以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案而非限制,本领域普通技术人员对本发明的技术方案所做的其他修改或者等同替换,只要不脱离本发明技术方案的精神和范围,均应涵盖在本发明的权利要求范围当中。 [0011] Finally is noted that, the above embodiments are intended to illustrate and not limit the present invention, other modifications of ordinary skill in the art of the technical solution of the present invention is made or equivalents without departing from the technical solution of the present invention the spirit and scope, should fall within the scope of the present invention as claimed in claim them.

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种桌面型3D打印机断丝检测报警装置,其特征在于:包括用于支撑料盘的支架、用于实时测量支架上料盘内打印丝重量的重量测量装置,用于报警的报警装置以及设置于打印机喷头上方的长度检测装置;所述重量测量装置由称重传感器弹性体、应变计桥路及重量转换器组成,安装于支架的两端,并与报警装置连接;所述长度检测装置由两个带有凹槽的滚轮和设置于滚轮两端的计数器构成,所述计数器还连接有长度转换器,长度转换器连接报警装置,所述打印丝从两个滚轮的凹槽中间穿过。 A 3D desktop printers broken wire alarm apparatus, comprising: a holder for holding the tray, means for measuring the weight of the tray on the print-time measurement wire stent by weight, alarm means for alarming and a printer head disposed above the length detecting means; said weight measuring means by the load cell elastomer, and strain gauge bridge converter consisting by weight, attached to both ends of the stent, and connected to the alarm device; detecting the length means the counter roller at both ends and composed of two rollers provided with grooves, the length of the counter is also connected to the converter, the length of the converter is connected alarm device, said print wire groove through the middle of the two rollers .
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种桌面型3D打印机断丝检测报警装置,其特征在于:所述支架采用Q235、45号钢或尼龙材质;所述支架的长度为70-100mm,直径为50-70mm。 2. According to a 3D desktop printers broken wire alarm apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said stent using steel or nylon Q235,45 number; 70-100mm of the length of the stent, diameter 50-70mm.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的一种桌面型3D打印机断丝检测报警装置,其特征在于:所述长度检测装置的滚轮凹槽直径为2_4mm。 3. According to a 3D desktop printers broken wire alarm apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said length detection means for the roller diameter of the groove 2_4mm.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的一种桌面型3D打印机断丝检测报警装置,其特征在于:所述报警装置包括用于接收重量测量装置和计数器信号的控制系统和用于发送报警信号的蓝牙无线信号发射装置。 4. According to a 3D desktop printers broken wire alarm apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said alarm means comprises a system for controlling the receiving means and the counter weight measuring signals and for transmitting the alarm signal Bluetooth a wireless signal transmitting means.
CN 201610263056 2016-04-26 2016-04-26 One kind of desktop printers 3d broken wire detector alarm device CN105818386B (en)

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Cited By (1)

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CN106926462A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-07-07 武汉奥尔克特科技有限公司 3D printer provided with drawer type feeding device

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CN203496156U (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-03-26 上海骧远信息科技有限公司 Feeding failure detection device of 3D (three-dimensional) printer
CN204076843U (en) * 2014-08-07 2015-01-07 北京汇天威科技有限公司 3D (Three Dimensional) printer with residual material alarm device
US20150027239A1 (en) * 2013-07-23 2015-01-29 Lamplight Games System and method for 3d printer material management
CN205044171U (en) * 2015-08-06 2016-02-24 深圳市优特打印耗材有限公司 3D printer advances a fault detection device
CN205615018U (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-10-05 中北大学 Desktop type 3D printer broken wire detection alarm device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20150027239A1 (en) * 2013-07-23 2015-01-29 Lamplight Games System and method for 3d printer material management
CN203496156U (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-03-26 上海骧远信息科技有限公司 Feeding failure detection device of 3D (three-dimensional) printer
CN204076843U (en) * 2014-08-07 2015-01-07 北京汇天威科技有限公司 3D (Three Dimensional) printer with residual material alarm device
CN205044171U (en) * 2015-08-06 2016-02-24 深圳市优特打印耗材有限公司 3D printer advances a fault detection device
CN205615018U (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-10-05 中北大学 Desktop type 3D printer broken wire detection alarm device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106926462A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-07-07 武汉奥尔克特科技有限公司 3D printer provided with drawer type feeding device

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