CN105782533B - A kind of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche - Google Patents

A kind of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105782533B
CN105782533B CN201610289039.9A CN201610289039A CN105782533B CN 105782533 B CN105782533 B CN 105782533B CN 201610289039 A CN201610289039 A CN 201610289039A CN 105782533 B CN105782533 B CN 105782533B
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China
Prior art keywords
disk
water blocking
pressure
shaped
water
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CN201610289039.9A
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CN105782533A (en
Inventor
李传哲
刘佳
田济扬
于福亮
王洋
史婉丽
聂汉江
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China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
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China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K17/00Safety valves; Equalising valves, e.g. pressure relief valves
    • F16K17/20Excess-flow valves
    • F16K17/22Excess-flow valves actuated by the difference of pressure between two places in the flow line
    • F16K17/24Excess-flow valves actuated by the difference of pressure between two places in the flow line acting directly on the cutting-off member
    • F16K17/28Excess-flow valves actuated by the difference of pressure between two places in the flow line acting directly on the cutting-off member operating in one direction only
    • F16K17/30Excess-flow valves actuated by the difference of pressure between two places in the flow line acting directly on the cutting-off member operating in one direction only spring-loaded
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douches, including cylindrical shell (2), upper plenum (3) and lower cavity are divided by the way that disk-shaped fixed water blocking member (9) is arranged in cylindrical shell (2), water inlet (1) is located at upper plenum (3) side, water outlet (8) is located at lower cavity side, circular orifice (7) are provided on disk-shaped fixed water blocking member (9), disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) is equipped in upper plenum (3), the area of disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) is greater than the area of circular orifice (7) and is located above circular orifice (7), disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) makes between disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) and disk-shaped fixed water blocking member (9) spacing as the variation of the hydraulic pressure of water inlet (1) changes by apparatus for adjusting position;When hydraulic pressure is bigger, spacing is smaller.

Description

A kind of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agriculture and forestry drip irrigation technique fields, and in particular to a kind of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche.
Background technique
Trickle irrigation is a kind of advanced water-saving irrigation technique, has water-saving, saves fertilizer, increase production, increase income, saving of labor, saving ground, to landform It is strong with soil suitability, and can be in conjunction with fertilising, it is easy to accomplish various advantages such as automatic control.Developing drip irrigation technique not only has Conducive to water-saving, to improving the ecological environment and promote agricultural production modernization all significant.Therefore a kind of steady flow result is studied Drip emitter good, that manufacturing cost is low, long service life, anti-clogging are good is very necessary.
Most widely used at present is labyrinth type drip emitter, and pressure regulation energy dissipating principle is by increasing water flow in labyrinth Frictional head loss and local head loss in formula runner achieve the purpose that the excess energy for eliminating water flow, enable water yield Stablize within a certain range.
But its accuracy of manufacture is not easy to control, and labyrinth path is elongated, is easy blocking.
Summary of the invention
The technical issues of present invention devises a kind of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche, solves is that existing labyrinth type trickle irrigation is poured water The accuracy of manufacture of device is not easy to control, and labyrinth path is elongated, is easy blocking.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, present invention employs following scheme:
A kind of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche, including cylindrical shell (2), cylindrical shell (2) are equipped with water inlet (1) and water outlet (8), it is divided into upper plenum (3) and lower cavity by the way that disk-shaped fixed water blocking member (9) is arranged in cylindrical shell (2), intake Mouth (1) is located at upper plenum (3) side, and water outlet (8) is located at lower cavity side, is provided with circle on disk-shaped fixed water blocking member (9) Aperture (7), disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) is equipped in upper plenum (3), and the area of disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) is greater than circle The area in aperture (7) and it is located above circular orifice (7), disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) made by apparatus for adjusting position Spacing becomes with the variation of the hydraulic pressure of water inlet (1) between disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) and disk-shaped fixed water blocking member (9) Change;When the hydraulic pressure is bigger, the spacing is smaller.
Further, the apparatus for adjusting position includes connecting rod (5) and spring (6), connecting rod (5) one end and disk-shaped work Dynamic water blocking member (4) are fixedly connected, and connecting rod (5) other end is fixedly connected with one end of spring (6), and the other end of spring (6) is solid It is scheduled on lower cavity bottom.
Further, water inlet (1) is located at upper plenum (3) bottom, and water outlet (8) is located in lower cavity sidewalls.
Further, water inlet (1), disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4), circular orifice (7), connecting rod (5) and spring (6) axis To line of symmetry be same straight line.
Further, the water inlet (1), circular orifice (7) are identical with the diameter of water outlet (8), are 0.5~1.5mm.
Further, cylindrical shell (2) axial length is 25mm, and diameter 12mm, disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) is directly Diameter is 9mm, and vertical range of the circular orifice (7) apart from water inlet (1) is 10mm;The connecting rod (5) long 10mm, it is described The center of circle of water outlet (8) is located at away from upper plenum (3) bottom 13mm.
Further, the spring (6) long 9mm under the conditions of not by external force, in the spring (6) not by external force When, the vertical range between disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) and circular orifice (7) is 4mm.
A kind of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche is for agricultural or forestry trickle irrigation.
The pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche has the advantages that
(1) pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche of the present invention is when the water flow pressure of inflow is bigger, so that disk-shaped activity water blocking member Vertical range between circular orifice is shorter, and the cross-section of river is smaller, and outflow will not increase because hydraulic pressure increases.
(2) pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche of the present invention is got over hour in the water flow pressure of inflow, disk-shaped activity water blocking member and circle Vertical range and the cross-section of river between shape aperture is bigger, and is not more than 4mm always, and outflow will not subtract because hydraulic pressure reduces It is small, keep outflow relatively stable always.
(3) present invention adjusts disk-shaped activity water blocking member and disk-shaped fixed water blocking member using hydraulic pressure, connecting rod and spring Between spacing, structure is simple, and manufacture deviation is small, is not easy to plug, easy to use.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1: the schematic perspective view of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche of the present invention;
Fig. 2: the sectional view of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche of the present invention.
Description of symbols:
1-water inlet;2-cylindrical shells;3-upper plenums;4-disk-shaped activity water blocking members;5-connecting rods;6-bullets Spring;7-circular orifices;8-water outlets;9-disk-shaped fixed water blocking members.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the present invention will be further described:
A kind of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche, including cylindrical shell 2, cylindrical shell 2 are equipped with water inlet 1 and water outlet 8, cylinder It is divided into upper plenum 3 and lower cavity by the way that disk-shaped fixed water blocking member 9 is arranged in shell 2, water inlet 1 is located at upper plenum 3 Bottom, in the lower cavity sidewalls that water outlet 8 is located at.It is provided with circular orifice 7 in disk-shaped fixed water blocking member 9, is equipped in upper plenum 3 Disk-shaped activity water blocking member 4, the area of disk-shaped activity water blocking member 4 are greater than the area of circular orifice 7 and are located at circular orifice 7 Top, disk-shaped activity water blocking member 4 make disk-shaped activity water blocking member 4 and disk-shaped fixed water blocking member by apparatus for adjusting position Spacing changes with the variation of the hydraulic pressure of water inlet 1 between 9;When the hydraulic pressure is bigger, the spacing is smaller.
Apparatus for adjusting position includes connecting rod 5 and spring 6, and 5 one end of connecting rod and disk-shaped activity water blocking member 4, which are fixed, to be connected It connects, 5 other end of connecting rod is fixedly connected with one end of spring 6, and the other end of spring 6 is fixed on lower cavity bottom.
The axial line of symmetry of water inlet 1, disk-shaped activity water blocking member 4, circular orifice 7, connecting rod 5 and spring 6 is same Straight line.Water inlet 1, circular orifice 7 are identical with the diameter of water outlet 8, are 0.5~1.5mm.2 axial length of cylindrical shell For 25mm, diameter 12mm, disk-shaped 4 diameter of activity water blocking member is 9mm, the circular orifice 7 apart from water inlet 1 it is vertical away from From for 10mm;Connecting rod 5 is 10mm long, and the center of circle of water outlet 8 is located at away from 3 bottom 13mm of upper plenum.Spring 6 is not by outer masterpiece The long 9mm under the conditions of, when the spring 6 is not by external force, hanging down between disk-shaped activity water blocking member 4 and circular orifice 7 Straight distance is 4mm.
The pressure regulation energy dissipating principle of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche of the present invention is:
When pressure water stream is by water inlet 1, flow into upper plenum 3, disk-shaped activity water blocking member 4 is under pressure immediately, pressure Power passes to spring 6 by connecting rod 5, and 6 compressive deformation of spring is shunk, and pulls connecting rod 6 and disk-shaped water blocking member 4 to its It is mobile, and finally make the vertical range between the circular orifice 7 in disk-shaped activity water blocking member 4 and disk-shaped fixed water blocking member 9 Shorten, the cross-section of river reduces.Hydraulic pressure is bigger, and 6 compressive deformation of spring is bigger, make disk-shaped activity water blocking member 4 and circular orifice 7 it Between vertical range it is shorter, the cross-section of river is smaller, so outflow will not because hydraulic pressure increase due to increase, play pressure regulation energy dissipating make With.
Pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche of the present invention for agricultural and forestry trickle irrigation, working pressure range 0.05-0.20MPa, Flow is 2-5L/h.
Above in conjunction with attached drawing, an exemplary description of the invention, it is clear that realization of the invention is not by aforesaid way Limitation, as long as use the inventive concept and technical scheme of the present invention carry out various improvement, or it is not improved will be of the invention Conception and technical scheme directly apply to other occasions, be within the scope of the invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche, including cylindrical shell (2), cylindrical shell (2) is equipped with water inlet (1) and water outlet (8), it is characterised in that: in cylindrical shell (2) by be arranged disk-shaped fixed water blocking member (9) be divided into upper plenum (3) and Lower cavity, water inlet (1) are located at upper plenum (3) side, and water outlet (8) is located at lower cavity side, disk-shaped fixed water blocking member (9) On be provided with circular orifice (7), in upper plenum (3) be equipped with disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4), the face of disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) Product is greater than the area of circular orifice (7) and is located above circular orifice (7), and disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) passes through position tune Regulating device makes between disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) and disk-shaped fixed water blocking member (9) spacing with the hydraulic pressure of water inlet (1) Variation and change;When the hydraulic pressure is bigger, the spacing is smaller;The apparatus for adjusting position includes connecting rod (5) and spring (6), connecting rod (5) one end is fixedly connected with disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4), one end of connecting rod (5) other end and spring (6) It is fixedly connected, the other end of spring (6) is fixed on lower cavity bottom;The water inlet (1), circular orifice (7) and water outlet (8) Diameter it is identical, be 0.5-1.5mm;Cylindrical shell (2) axial length is 25mm, diameter 12mm, disk-shaped activity Water blocking member (4) diameter is 9mm, and vertical range of the circular orifice (7) apart from water inlet (1) is 10mm;The connecting rod (5) Long 10mm, the center of circle of the water outlet (8) are located at away from upper plenum (3) bottom 13mm.
2. pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: water inlet (1) is located at upper plenum (3) bottom Portion, water outlet (8) are located in lower cavity sidewalls.
3. pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: water inlet (1), disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4), the line of symmetry of circular orifice (7), connecting rod (5) and spring (6) axial direction is same straight line.
4. pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the spring (6) is not by outer masterpiece The long 9mm under the conditions of, when the spring (6) is not by external force, disk-shaped activity water blocking member (4) and circular orifice (7) it Between vertical range be 4mm.
5. pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche described in a kind of any one of claim 1-4 is for agricultural or forestry trickle irrigation.
CN201610289039.9A 2016-05-04 2016-05-04 A kind of pressure-adjusting type elasticity douche Active CN105782533B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105782533B true CN105782533B (en) 2019-04-30

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107278818A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-10-24 芜湖中科智捷信息科技有限责任公司 A kind of drip irrigation system of no benzene
CN110140639B (en) * 2019-06-05 2021-08-06 李文华 Protection type drip irrigation equipment with pressure regulation function

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3857407A (en) * 1973-09-24 1974-12-31 D Olson Pressure regulator
US3941150A (en) * 1974-05-31 1976-03-02 Westates Space-Era Products, Inc. Flow control structure
CN2609341Y (en) * 2003-05-12 2004-04-07 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Piston automatic pressure regulator for irrigation
CN101963254B (en) * 2010-09-09 2012-10-03 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Pressure-balancing valve for irrigation system
CN102052494B (en) * 2010-12-31 2012-07-04 中国农业大学 Multi-domain adjustable pressure regulator and installation method thereof
CN103026949B (en) * 2013-01-17 2014-03-26 中国农业大学 Capillary pressure regulator with stable pressure-regulating performance
CN205592455U (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-09-21 中国水利水电科学研究院 Pressure regulating formula elasticity emitter

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