CN105772759A - Integrated tool for carving, chamfering and deburring and machining technology of integrated tool - Google Patents

Integrated tool for carving, chamfering and deburring and machining technology of integrated tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105772759A
CN105772759A CN201610321802.1A CN201610321802A CN105772759A CN 105772759 A CN105772759 A CN 105772759A CN 201610321802 A CN201610321802 A CN 201610321802A CN 105772759 A CN105772759 A CN 105772759A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutter
chamfering
burr
carving
knife
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Granted
Application number
CN201610321802.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105772759B (en
Inventor
赵宏峰
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Shenzhen Jianxin Hardware Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Jianxin Hardware Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610321802.1A priority Critical patent/CN105772759B/en
Publication of CN105772759A publication Critical patent/CN105772759A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B27/00Tools for turning or boring machines; Tools of a similar kind in general; Accessories therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D79/00Methods, machines, or devices not covered elsewhere, for working metal by removal of material

Abstract

The invention discloses an integrated tool for carving, chamfering and deburring. The integrated tool comprises a tool body. A carving tool nose, a chamfering tool nose and a deburring tool nose are arranged on the tool body. The carving tool nose is used for carving a mark or the shape and is adjustable in outer diameter. The chamfering tool nose is used for chamfering a straight hole in the end face or the interior of a product and removing sharp edges. The deburring tool nose is used for cutting off and removing burrs at a cross hole. The carving tool nose is located at the outer end of the tool body, and the chamfering tool nose is located between the carving tool nose and the deburring tool nose. The inner end of the tool body is connected with an avoiding tool handle. The carving tool nose, the chamfering tool nose and the deburring tool nose are arranged on the same tool body, so that the functions of carving, chamfering and deburring of the cross hole are achieved; in the machining process, the tool switching time is shortened; before machining, the tool only needs to be calibrated once, and therefore the tool calibration time is shortened before machining; and the machining efficiency is improved, then the machining cost is reduced, and the purchasing cycle cost can be greatly reduced.

Description

Burr integrated cutter and processing technique thereof is gone for carving chamfering
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of cutter, go burr integrated cutter and processing technique thereof in particular for engraving chamfering.
Background technology
The component of machine that the frequent processing structure of CNC numerically-controlled precise lathe is complicated, but along with the raising of processing cost, improving production efficiency is improve the important channel of processing cost.
In some parts of processing at present, particularly automobile fueling injection equipment parts, some parts need engraving, chamfering and cross bore are except operations such as burrs.These three operations are point three tool sharpenings in conventional processes, process first three cutter and need to calibrate altogether three times, not only occupy three cutter spacing, when wasting substantial amounts of processing machine in the process of cutter conversion, reduce working (machining) efficiency simultaneously.
Prior art discloses a kind of drilling of the rail chamfered edge cutter and processing technique thereof, cutter includes cutter body, described cutter body is provided with the first blade for the drilling of the rail, for the second blade of rail chamfered edge and the 3rd blade, described first blade is positioned at the outermost end of cutter body, and described second blade and the 3rd blade are oppositely arranged.Processing technique, comprises the following steps: by Cutting tool installation manner on rig, then is fixed on the positioning by rail to be processed;Tool feeding, by the first blade to the drilling of the rail;Cutter continues feeding, by the 3rd blade, the side of rail is carried out chamfered edge;Cutter rollback, carries out chamfered edge to walk round path to rail opposite side by the second blade;Cutter is exited from rail.Can realizing the boring to rail and the mechanical process of two sides chamfered edge, machining chamfered edge is uniform, effectively eliminates the phenomenon that stress is concentrated, alleviates the work load of staff, improve working (machining) efficiency.
But in this technical scheme, do not relate to engraving, chamfering and cross bore and gather together except three kinds of blades of burr, therefore, it is necessary to relate to a kind of integrated cutter, it is achieved adopt same cutter to realize engraving, chamfering and cross bore and remove burr process.
Summary of the invention
The main purpose of the present invention removes burr integrated cutter for providing one for carving chamfering, aim to solve the problem that in prior art, engraving, chamfering and cross bore are except the operations such as burr point three tool sharpenings in conventional processes, process first three cutter need to calibrate altogether three times, not only occupy three cutter spacing, when wasting substantial amounts of processing machine in the process of cutter conversion simultaneously, the problem reducing working (machining) efficiency.
The present invention proposes and removes burr integrated cutter for carving chamfering, including cutter body, described cutter body is provided with for carving required sign or shape and the adjustable engraving point of a knife of external diameter, for product end surface or internal straight hole carrying out chamfering and removing the chamfered cutting edge of sharp edge and remove burr blade for cross bore place by what programme-control carried out that uniform circular motion cutting removes burr, described engraving point of a knife is positioned at the outer end of described cutter body, described chamfered cutting edge described engraving point of a knife and described in go between burr blade;The inner of described cutter body is connected to empty avoiding handle of a knife.
Further, described cutter body is coniform layout, and the inner of described cutter body is towards the centroclinal layout of described cutter body, removes burr blade described in formation.
Further, described engraving blade is towards the centroclinal layout of described cutter body, and angle of inclination is 60 °.
Further, the diameter of described empty avoiding handle of a knife is less than the outer end external diameter of described cutter body.
Further, the outer end of described empty avoiding handle of a knife is connected to clamping handle of a knife, and described clamping handle of a knife is provided with the clamping position being connected when described cutter body is arranged on lathe with lathe.
Further, described empty avoiding handle of a knife is less than the external diameter of described clamping handle of a knife.
Further, described clamping handle of a knife is more than the outer end external diameter of described cutter body.
Present invention also offers the processing technique removing burr integrated cutter for carving chamfering, step is specific as follows:
Step 1. goes burr integrated cutter to be connected to unit head tool rest for carving chamfering, when in raw material, structure need to carve sign, chamfering and during except burr, main shaft chuck locking raw material, now unit head travelling gear rotates thus driving this to be used for carving chamfering remove burr integrated cutter high speed rotating by board motor, lathe makes the drive of unit head tool rest go in burr integrated cutter horizontal direction near raw material end face for carving chamfering by the control of program, is used in engraving chamfering and goes graver prong in burr integrated cutter that engraving point is carved;
Step 2. carved after engraving point of a knife longitudinally move to the raw material center of circle, then horizontal direction moves to limit, straight hole hole, be used under program engraving chamfering go chamfered cutting edge in burr integrated cutter carry out along limit, hole steady circular cutting carry out chamfering;
Step 3. when after straight hole chamfering, is used for carving chamfering and goes burr integrated cutter to move to cross bore place to carry out uniform circular motion, be used in engraving chamfering and go to go burr blade to carry out cross bore except burr in burr integrated cutter.
Further, in described step 1, before processing, it is used for carving chamfering and goes burr integrated cutter need to calibrate cutter programmed at raw material end face.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: being used for of offer is carved chamfering and remove burr integrated cutter, by arranging engraving point of a knife, chamfered cutting edge on same cutter body and removing burr blade, realize engraving, chamfering and cross bore are except the function of burr, the course of processing reduces the cutter conversion time, and when original occupy three lathe cutter spacing change into and only occupy a cutter cutter spacing, only a cutter need to be calibrated before processing, decrease the processing front tool calibra-tion time, improve working (machining) efficiency, and then minimizing processing cost, procurement cycle cost can realize being greatly lowered.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the machining state schematic diagram of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the partial view of one embodiment of the invention tool nose machining state
The realization of the object of the invention, functional characteristics and advantage will in conjunction with the embodiments, are described further with reference to accompanying drawing.
Detailed description of the invention
Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
With reference to Fig. 1~3, proposing one embodiment of the invention, what the present embodiment provided is used for carving chamfering and removing burr integrated cutter 1, it is possible to be used in CNC numerically controlled lathe or CNC numerical control machining center, use utilizes a cutter to carry out carving, chamfering, go three operations of burr, improves working (machining) efficiency.
Burr integrated cutter 1 is removed for carving chamfering, including cutter body, this cutter body is provided with for carving required sign or shape and the adjustable engraving point of a knife 10 of external diameter, for product end surface or internal straight hole carrying out chamfering and removing the chamfered cutting edge 20 of sharp edge and remove burr blade 30 for cross bore place by what programme-control carried out that uniform circular motion cutting removes burr, wherein, engraving point of a knife 10 is positioned at the outer end of cutter body, and chamfered cutting edge 20 is at engraving point of a knife 10 and goes between burr blade 30;The inner of cutter body is connected to empty avoiding handle of a knife 40, and this empty avoiding handle of a knife 40 has empty avoiding effect, it is prevented that during except cross bore burr, miscellaneous part produces to interfere, practical.
Above-mentioned being used for carving chamfering and remove burr integrated cutter, by arranging engraving point of a knife 10, chamfered cutting edge 20 on same cutter body and removing burr blade 30, it is achieved engraving, chamfering and cross bore are except the function of burr.The course of processing reduces the cutter conversion time, and when original occupy three lathe cutter spacing change into and only occupy a cutter cutter spacing, only need to calibrate a cutter before processing, decrease the tool calibra-tion time before processing.Improve working (machining) efficiency, and then reduce processing cost, procurement cycle cost can realize being greatly lowered.
Further, cutter body is coniform layout, and the inner of cutter body is towards the centroclinal layout of cutter body, is formed and above-mentioned removes burr blade 30.
The engraving blade centroclinal layout towards cutter body, and angle of inclination is 60 °, when product to indicate requirement tight time, the external diameter as far as possible making engraving blade is bigger than normal, can be effectively improved engraving blade life.
Optic chiasma hole pore size and determine, the external diameter of the outer end of cutter body has adjustability, and external diameter is more big, and cutter rigidity is more good, and the life-span is more long.
Specifically, the diameter of above-mentioned empty avoiding handle of a knife 40 is less than the outer end external diameter of cutter body, if cutting edge external diameter is 4mm, then empty avoiding handle of a knife 40 is typically chosen 2.5mm, and so, empty avoiding handle of a knife 40 can free in and out in cross bore.
In the present embodiment, the outer end of empty avoiding handle of a knife 40 is connected to clamping handle of a knife 50, and this clamping handle of a knife 50 is provided with clamping position, and when cutter body is arranged on lathe, lathe is connected with clamping position.
Above-mentioned empty avoiding handle of a knife 40 is less than the external diameter of clamping handle of a knife 50, and so, cutter body is when being processed workpiece, and empty avoiding handle of a knife 40 can stop the clamping handle of a knife 50 interference to cutter body being produced during except cross bore burr.
In the present embodiment, above-mentioned clamping handle of a knife 50, more than the outer end external diameter of cutter body, increases the processing rigidity of cutter body after clamping clamping handle of a knife 50, it is prevented that cutter body produces vibrations in the course of processing.
Present invention also offers the processing technique removing burr integrated cutter for carving chamfering, its step is specific as follows:
Step 1. goes burr integrated cutter 1 to be connected to unit head tool rest for carving chamfering, when when in raw material 5 structure need to carve sign, chamfering and during except burr, main shaft chuck 6 locks raw material 5, now unit head travelling gear 3 rotates thus driving this cutter 1 high speed rotating by board motor, lathe makes unit head tool rest 4 drive by the control of program to go burr to go in burr integrated cutter 1 horizontal direction near raw material 5 end face for carving chamfering for carving chamfering, is used in engraving chamfering and goes to carve point of a knife 10 in burr integrated cutter 1 and carve for engraving point 2;
Step 2. carved after engraving point of a knife 20 longitudinally move to the raw material center of circle, then horizontal direction moves to limit, straight hole hole, be used under program engraving chamfering go chamfered cutting edge 20 in burr integrated cutter 1 carry out along limit, hole steady circular cutting carry out chamfering;
Step 3., when, after straight hole chamfering, cutter moves to cross bore place and carries out uniform circular motion, makes to go burr blade 30 to carry out cross bore except burr in integral type cutter 1.
Specifically, in above-mentioned step 1, before processing, it is used for carving chamfering and goes burr integrated cutter 1 need to calibrate cutter programmed at raw material 5 end face.
In this course of processing, engraving, chamfering, go burr to adopt same cutter to carry out, only need a tool calibra-tion before processing, just can realize connectivity processing, save process time, promote working (machining) efficiency.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every equivalent structure utilizing description of the present invention and accompanying drawing content to make or equivalence flow process conversion; or directly or indirectly it is used in other relevant technical fields, all in like manner include in the scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. one kind is used for carving chamfering and removes burr integrated cutter, it is characterized in that, including cutter body, described cutter body is provided with for carving required sign or shape and the adjustable engraving point of a knife of external diameter, for product end surface or internal straight hole carrying out chamfering and removing the chamfered cutting edge of sharp edge and remove burr blade for cross bore place by what programme-control carried out that uniform circular motion cutting removes burr, described engraving point of a knife is positioned at the outer end of described cutter body, described chamfered cutting edge described engraving point of a knife and described in go between burr blade;The inner of described cutter body is connected to empty avoiding handle of a knife.
2. it is used for carving chamfering as claimed in claim 1 and removes burr integrated cutter, it is characterised in that described cutter body is coniform layout, and the inner of described cutter body is towards the centroclinal layout of described cutter body, removes burr blade described in formation.
3. it is used for carving chamfering as claimed in claim 1 and removes burr integrated cutter, it is characterised in that described engraving blade is towards the centroclinal layout of described cutter body, and angle of inclination is 60 °.
4. being used for as described in any one of claims 1 to 3 is carved chamfering and removes burr integrated cutter, it is characterised in that the diameter of described empty avoiding handle of a knife is less than the outer end external diameter of described cutter body.
5. it is used for carving chamfering as claimed in claim 4 and removes burr integrated cutter, it is characterised in that the outer end of described empty avoiding handle of a knife is connected to clamping handle of a knife, and described clamping handle of a knife is provided with the clamping position being connected with lathe when described cutter body is arranged on lathe.
6. it is used for carving chamfering as claimed in claim 5 and removes burr integrated cutter, it is characterised in that described empty avoiding handle of a knife is less than the external diameter of described clamping handle of a knife.
7. it is used for carving chamfering as claimed in claim 6 and removes burr integrated cutter, it is characterised in that described clamping handle of a knife is more than the outer end external diameter of described cutter body.
8. one kind is gone the processing technique of burr integrated cutter for carving chamfering, it is characterised in that step is specific as follows:
Step 1. goes burr integrated cutter to be connected to unit head tool rest for carving chamfering, when in raw material, structure need to carve sign, chamfering and during except burr, main shaft chuck locking raw material, now unit head travelling gear rotates thus driving this to be used for carving chamfering remove burr integrated cutter high speed rotating by board motor, lathe makes the drive of unit head tool rest go in burr integrated cutter horizontal direction near raw material end face for carving chamfering by the control of program, is used in engraving chamfering and goes graver prong in burr integrated cutter that engraving point is carved;
Step 2. carved after engraving point of a knife longitudinally move to the raw material center of circle, then horizontal direction moves to limit, straight hole hole, be used under program engraving chamfering go chamfered cutting edge in burr integrated cutter carry out along limit, hole steady circular cutting carry out chamfering;
Step 3. when after straight hole chamfering, is used for carving chamfering and goes burr integrated cutter to move to cross bore place to carry out uniform circular motion, be used in engraving chamfering and go to go burr blade to carry out cross bore except burr in burr integrated cutter.
9. it is used for carving chamfering as claimed in claim 8 and removes burr integrated cutter, it is characterised in that in described step 1, before processing, be used for carving chamfering and go burr integrated cutter need to calibrate cutter programmed at raw material end face.
CN201610321802.1A 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 Burr integrated cutter is removed for carving chamfering Active CN105772759B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105772759B CN105772759B (en) 2018-06-08

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107378086A (en) * 2017-09-05 2017-11-24 广东鼎泰高科精工科技有限公司 A kind of chamfering and its dovetail milling gang tool

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000061728A (en) * 1998-08-17 2000-02-29 Shinichi Narisawa Cutting tool to chamfer hole inlet and outlet
CN201201077Y (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-03-04 重庆工学院 Conical bore reaming and chamfering compound tool
CN202861424U (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-04-10 浙江吉利罗佑发动机有限公司 Deburring shaft hole machining cutter
CN203343458U (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-12-18 新兴重工湖北三六一一机械有限公司 Compound guiding rose reamer
CN203725791U (en) * 2013-10-09 2014-07-23 强胜精密机械(苏州)有限公司 Burr processing cutter
CN104325180A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-02-04 芜湖中铁科吉富轨道有限公司 Cutting tool for drilling and chamfering steel rail and machining technology thereof
CN104625119A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-05-20 合肥东方节能科技股份有限公司 Machining tool and method for high-accuracy slender hole
CN204997096U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-27 广州汇专工具有限公司 A cydariform cutter for processing casing inside groove
CN205834273U (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-12-28 深圳市健信五金有限公司 Burr integrated cutter is removed for carving chamfering

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000061728A (en) * 1998-08-17 2000-02-29 Shinichi Narisawa Cutting tool to chamfer hole inlet and outlet
CN201201077Y (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-03-04 重庆工学院 Conical bore reaming and chamfering compound tool
CN202861424U (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-04-10 浙江吉利罗佑发动机有限公司 Deburring shaft hole machining cutter
CN203343458U (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-12-18 新兴重工湖北三六一一机械有限公司 Compound guiding rose reamer
CN203725791U (en) * 2013-10-09 2014-07-23 强胜精密机械(苏州)有限公司 Burr processing cutter
CN104325180A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-02-04 芜湖中铁科吉富轨道有限公司 Cutting tool for drilling and chamfering steel rail and machining technology thereof
CN104625119A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-05-20 合肥东方节能科技股份有限公司 Machining tool and method for high-accuracy slender hole
CN204997096U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-27 广州汇专工具有限公司 A cydariform cutter for processing casing inside groove
CN205834273U (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-12-28 深圳市健信五金有限公司 Burr integrated cutter is removed for carving chamfering

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107378086A (en) * 2017-09-05 2017-11-24 广东鼎泰高科精工科技有限公司 A kind of chamfering and its dovetail milling gang tool

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