CN105762890A - Charging pile system and micro power data communication mechanism - Google Patents

Charging pile system and micro power data communication mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105762890A
CN105762890A CN 201610269259 CN201610269259A CN105762890A CN 105762890 A CN105762890 A CN 105762890A CN 201610269259 CN201610269259 CN 201610269259 CN 201610269259 A CN201610269259 A CN 201610269259A CN 105762890 A CN105762890 A CN 105762890A
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charging
makeup
module
terminal
address
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CN 201610269259
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105762890B (en )
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郑坚江
徐海江
张继鹏
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宁波三星智能电气有限公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0013Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging several batteries simultaneously or sequentially
    • H02J7/0027Stations for charging mobile units, e.g. of electric vehicles, of mobile telephones
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/38Transceivers, i.e. devices in which transmitter and receiver form a structural unit and in which at least one part is used for functions of transmitting and receiving

Abstract

The invention discloses a charging pile system and a micro power data communication mechanism. A wireless micro power module is arranged on the charging pile and configuration of a remote communication module is not required; and the configured charging pile serves as a charging pile terminal. One charging pile is selected from a communication zone and is provided with a wireless micro power module and a remote communication module to serve as a charging pile sub station. The wireless micro power module is used for carrying out communication, so that the communication cost is lowered; and the wireless micro power signal coverage range is wide and the transmitting power can be adjusted according to the communication signal quality, so that the adaptability and signal stability are high. The communication function of all charging piles in the area can be completed; and data interaction and remote information uploading can be completed.

Description

一种充电桩系统及其微功率数据通信机制 A charging post power data communication system and a micro-mechanism

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及电动汽车充电粧技术领域,具体涉及一种充电粧系统及其微功率数据通信机制。 [0001] The present invention relates to an electric vehicle charging BACKGROUND makeup, makeup system and more particularly to a micro-power charging data communication mechanism.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 电动汽车充电粧是电动汽车的电站,其功能类似于加油站里面的加油机,每个充电粧都设置有充电插头,充电粧可以根据不同的电压等级为各种型号的电动车充电;电动汽车充电粧采用的是交、直流供电方式,需要特制的充电卡刷卡使用,且充电粧显示屏能显示充电量、费用、充电时间等数据;交流充电粧的人机交互界面采用大屏幕LCD彩色触摸屏, 充电可旋转定电量、定时间、定金额、自动(充满为止)四中模式;充电粧的交流工作电压为220V或380V,普通纯电动轿车用充电粧充满电需要4至5个小时,充电粧造价低廉,主要安装在停车场,交流充电粧适用于慢充动力电池。 [0002] The electric vehicle charging an electric car makeup power plant, which functions like a tanker stations, each charging charging plug is provided with a makeup, makeup charging can charge an electric vehicle in accordance with various types of different voltage levels ; electric vehicle charging makeup is used in AC and DC power supply, need special charge card credit card use, and charging makeup display can show the amount of charge, fee, charge time and other data; AC charging makeup of the man-machine interface with large-screen LCD color touch screen, the charging rotatably fixed charge, to determine time, amount, automatically (filled up) Fourth mode; charging makeup of the AC voltage of 220V or 380V, the ordinary electric car is fully charged by the charging makeup requires 4-5 hours, low cost charging makeup, mainly installed in the parking lot, AC charging makeup is suitable for slow charge the battery power.

[0003] 如今在新能源政策支持下,我国新能源汽车需求量急剧增加,对充电粧的需求也急速增加;目前电动汽车充电粧分为充电站内粧与站外离散粧两种,尤其是站外离散充电粧,地理布局分散,数量众多;现有的许多充电粧并没有通信功能,无法实时监控设备状态, 属于"呆"粧,独立粧;而部分充电粧则采用独立GPRS或独立以太网的通信方式,不仅成本比较公安,而且维护量大。 [0003] Today, in the new energy policy support, China's new energy auto demand a sharp increase in demand for charging makeup also increased rapidly; the current electric vehicle charging makeup makeup is divided into two internal discrete external charging station and makeup stations, especially stations discrete external charging makeup, geographic distribution spread, a large number; many existing charging makeup and no communication function, not the real-time monitoring of equipment status, a "stay" makeup, makeup independently; and makeup of the charging portion GPRS independent or independent Ethernet means of communication, not only cost comparison of public security, and maintenance of large.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的是为了提供一种低成本、低功耗实现充电粧通信功能且完成数据交互,远程信息上传的充电粧系统及其微功率数据通信机制。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide a low cost, low power consumption for charging a communication function and makeup completed data exchange, a charging system and its makeup micro-power data communication mechanism telematics uploaded.

[0005] 本发明通过以下技术方案实现:一种充电粧系统,包括公网、远程通信模块、充电粧子站、若干无线微功率模块和若干充电粧终端,所述充电粧子站和充电粧终端上都设置有无线微功率模块,所述充电粧子站的无线微功率模块还分别连接所有充电粧终端的无线微功率模块,所述充电粧子站上还设置有远程通信模块,用于连接公网;所述充电粧子站包括人机接口模块、充电输出接口、保护模块、核心控制模块、监控指示模块、主功率回路模块、电源输入接口、无线微功率模块、远程通信模块;所述核心控制模块分别与保护模块、监控指示模块、主功率回路模块连接、远程通信模块、人机接口模块和无线微功率模块连接, 所述主功率回路模块也与保护模块和监控指示模块连接,所述主功率回路模块还分别连接电源输入接口和充电输出接口;所述远程 [0005] The present invention is achieved by the following technical solution: A charging makeup system including a public network, the remote communication module, a charging makeup slave station, a plurality of wireless power RF modules and a plurality of charging makeup terminal, said charging makeup sub-station and the charging makeup terminal is provided with micro-power radio module, a charging module micro-power wireless stations of the makeup also connected to all the wireless terminals charging makeup micro-power module, the charging makeup provided sub-station remote communication module for connecting to the public network; the charging station comprises a sub-machine interface makeup module, charging an output interface, the protection module, the core control module, monitoring module indicated, the main power circuit module into the power supply, micro-power wireless module, the remote communication module; a core control module respectively and protection module, monitoring module indicated, the main power circuit module is connected, the remote communication module, a human interface module and a wireless module connected to the micro-power, the primary power protection circuit module is also connected to the module and the monitoring module indicating the main power circuit module is further connected a charging power input interface and an output interface; the remote 信模块、人机接口模块和无线微功率模块还与充电输出接口连接,所述核心控制模块也与充电输出接口连接;所述充电粧终端包括人机接口模块、充电输出接□、保护模块、核心控制模块、监控指示模块、主功率回路模块、电源输入接口、无线微功率模块;所述核心控制模块分别与保护模块、监控指示模块、主功率回路模块连接、人机接口模块和无线微功率模块连接,所述主功率回路模块也与保护模块和监控指示模块连接,所述主功率回路模块还分别连接电源输入接口和充电输出接口;所述人机接口模块和无线微功率模块还与充电输出接口连接,所述核心控制模块也与充电输出接口连接;所述无线微功率模块为433M无线RF射频模块,用于实现信息交互功能。 Communications module, a human interface module and the wireless module further micro-power charging output interface, the core control module is also connected to the output interface charge; the charging terminal comprises a man-machine interface module makeup, then the charge output □, protection module, the core control module, monitoring module indicated, the main power circuit module into the power supply, micro-power wireless module; said core protection module and control module, respectively, indicating the monitoring module, connected to the main power circuit module, a human interface module and the wireless micropower module is connected, the main module is also connected to the power circuit protection module and the monitoring module indicating the main power circuit module further connected a charging power input interface and an output interface; the human interface module and the wireless module is also the charging micropower an output interface connected to the core output control module is also connected with the charging interface; the micro-power wireless RF module 433M wireless RF module, for implementing the interactive function information.

[0006] -种充电粧系统的微功率数据通信机制,充电粧子站的无线微功率模块为子站地址,充电粧终端的无线微功率模块地址为终端地址,充电粧子站内配置若干终端地址为有效地址,充电粧终端内配置子站地址为有效子站地址,通信流程步骤如下: [0006] - species charging makeup system micro-power data communication mechanism, charging makeup stations of wireless micro-power module sub-station address, charge makeup terminal wireless micro-power module address as a terminal address, configure the plurality of terminal addresses in the charging makeup substation valid address, configure the sub-station address is a valid address of the slave station, the communication process steps following the charging terminal makeup:

[0007] A)充电粧子站和充电粧终端上电,识别充电粧的设置信息,接着充电粧子站向充电粧终端发送查询有效地址数据包,充电粧终端确认是否为对应的充电粧子站发送的数据包,若不是对应充电粧子站发送的数据包则丢包处理,若是对应充电粧子站发送的数据包则等待充电粧子站发送握手连接报文; [0007] A) charging makeup sub-on station and charge makeup terminating, identification charge setting information makeup, then the charging makeup slave station to the charging makeup terminal sends inquiry valid address of the packet, charge makeup terminal confirms a charging makeup slave station transmits whether the corresponding data packet, if the packet corresponding charging makeup slave station is transmitting packet loss process, if the corresponding data packet transmitted from the slave station charging makeup waiting charging makeup slave station transmits handshake packets;

[0008] B)充电粧子站向充电粧终端发送握手连接报文,若充电粧终端没有收到握手连接报文则充电粧终端被标记为异常链接终端,若充电粧终端接收到充电粧子站发送的握手连接报文,则核对终端地址是否为本机地址,若不是本机地址的数据包则丢包处理,若是本机地址的数据包则发送握手返回报文到对应的充电粧子站,充电粧子站与充电粧终端就成功建立握手连接,并将建立成功的握手终端地址记录为注册地址; [0008] B) charging makeup slave station transmits handshake packet to the charging makeup terminal, when charging makeup terminal does not receive the handshake packets charging makeup terminal is marked as abnormal end of the link, if the charging makeup terminal receives the charge makeup slave station transmits the handshake packet, check the address of the terminal is the host address, if the local address is a packet loss is processed, if the packet is native address return handshake packets transmitted to the corresponding sub makeup charging station, charging makeup cosmetics with the charging terminal sub-station to establish a successful handshaking, will establish a successful handshaking recorded terminal address registered address;

[0009] C)充电粧子站对注册地址内的充电粧终端发送对时报文,充电粧终端收到对时报文后开始对时,若对时失败则注册地址内删除对时失败的充电粧终端地址,并记录事件生成S0E,若对时成功则发送对时确认报文到充电粧子站,充电粧子站收到对时确认报文后则认为对时成功; [0009] C) charging makeup slave station transmits the charging makeup terminals within the registered address of the instant message, the charging makeup terminal receives after an instant message starts, if the pair fails the register within the address delete charging makeup of failure of the terminal address, and event generation S0E, makeup acknowledgment message to the charging sub-station, the slave station makeup charging confirmation after receipt of the message is considered successful if the transmission success pairs;

[0010] D)对时成功则充电粧子站与充电粧终端之间建立数据通信模式,进入正常链接状态;充电粧子站发送查询终端的数据包,并进入侦听模式;充电粧终端接收查询终端的数据包后核对终端地址,若是非本机终端地址的数据包则做丢包处理,若是本机终端地址的数据包则发送本机数据包到充电粧子站; [0010] D) for the successful charging between makeup sub-station and the charging makeup terminal establishing data communication mode, into the normal link state; charging makeup slave station transmits a data packet queries the terminal, and enters the listening mode; charging makeup terminal receiving a query terminal checking the terminal address data packet, if the packet address non-native terminal loss process is done, if the terminal address of the data packet present in the native data packet is sent to the charging makeup slave stations;

[0011] E)充电粧子站进入侦听模式则接收注册地址内的充电粧终端的突发事件数据包和接收有效地址的内的充电粧终端的终端中断响应包;接收到突发事件数据包后充电粧子站记录突发事件生成S0E并发送突发事件接收确认报文;接收到终端中断响应包后充电粧子站将此终端地址写入注册地址表内,并且发送注册确认数据包;若是接收到非有效地址内的其他数据包,则做丢包处理。 Makeup terminal charging terminals in emergency packet data and the received effective address [0011] E) a charging station enters the listening mode sub makeup the receiving terminal in the makeup of the charging register address interrupt response packet; receiving the emergency packet after charging record incidents makeup slave station generates and transmits incident S0E reception confirmation message; terminal after receiving the interrupt packet charging makeup of this slave station terminal address written in the address register, and transmits a registration confirmation packet; if received to other packets in the non-valid address, then process do loss.

[0012] 所述步骤D中充电粧子站的侦听模式为充电粧子站在据通信模式中以lmin为周期,依次执行各个充电粧终端;所述步骤B中充电粧子站接收到充电粧终端发送的握手返回报文后就会发送下一地址的握手连接报文并将此地址设为注册地址;充电粧子站在侦听模式中接收到有效地址内的充电粧终端发送的注册请求,将会添加此充电粧终端为注册地址,在下一个周期查询数据包内开始轮询此地址;所述步骤D中充电粧终端若未接收到充电粧子站发送查询终端的数据包则就为异常链接终端,所述异常链接终端将会主动发射注册数据。 [0012] Step D the charging stations of the listening mode makeup makeup charging sub-cycle stand lmin to sequentially perform various data communication terminals makeup charging mode; Step B transmitting the charging makeup makeup slave station receives the charge terminal the handshake packet will be sent after the return address of a next handshake connection packets to this address and the registered address; child standing charging makeup listening mode registration request is received within the effective charge makeup terminal address transmitted will this charge is added to the makeup terminal registered address, the address start of the next polling cycle query data packet; said charging step D terminal if not receiving a charging makeup makeup slave station transmits the inquiry packet to the terminal end of the link is abnormal, the anomaly will be active transmitter end of the link the registration data.

[0013] 本发明在充电粧上配置无线微功率模块,无需配置远程通信模块,作为充电粧终端,并且通信区内选取一台充电粧配置无线微功率模块和远程通信模块作为充电粧子站, 采用无线微功率模块进行通讯,降低了通讯成本,而且无线微功率信号覆盖范围广,可以根据通讯信号的质量调整发射功率,适应性强且信号稳定性高,能完成区域内所有充电粧的通信功能,完成数据交互,远程信息上传。 [0013] The present invention is arranged on the charging makeup wireless micro-power module, without having to configure the remote communication module, as the charging makeup terminal, and the communication area to select a charging makeup configure the wireless micro-power module and a remote communication module as a charging makeup sub-station, using micro-power wireless communication module, to reduce the communication cost, and the wide micro-power radio signal coverage, may adjust the transmit power based on the quality of the communication signal, a high signal stability and adaptability, to complete all the communication function in the region of the charging makeup for data exchange, remote upload information.

[0014] 本发明的有益之处在于:1)无线微功率信号覆盖范围内实现所有充电粧的通信功能;2)无需采用独立GPRS或独立以太网通信,低成本、低功耗,而且无线缆设计;3)只需在一个充电粧安装远程通信模块和无线微功率模块作为充电粧子站,其它充电粧只需安装无线微功率模块,降低了成本和功耗。 [0014] the benefits of the present invention is: 1) realize the wireless signal coverage of all the micro-power charging makeup communication function; 2) without using a separate Ethernet communication or GPRS independent, low cost, low power consumption, and the radio cable design; 3) only in a charging installation makeup wireless communication module and the remote module micro-power sub-station as a charging makeup, makeup simply install the charging other micro-power radio module, reducing cost and power consumption.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 图1为本发明的框示图。 Block diagram [0015] Figure 1 of the present invention.

[0016] 图2为本发明的充电粧终端示意图。 [0016] FIG charging makeup terminal 2 is a schematic view of the present disclosure.

[0017] 图3为本发明的充电粧子站示意图。 [0017] FIG 3 a charging makeup sub-station of the present invention. FIG.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0018] 下面结合附图与具体实施方式,对本发明作进一步描述。 [0018] The accompanying drawings in conjunction with the following specific embodiments, the present invention will be further described.

[0019] 见图1至图3,一种充电粧系统,包括公网、远程通信模块、充电粧子站、若干无线微功率模块和若干充电粧终端,所述充电粧子站和充电粧终端上都设置有无线微功率模块, 所述充电粧子站的无线微功率模块还分别连接所有充电粧终端的无线微功率模块,所述充电粧子站上还设置有远程通信模块,用于连接公网;所述充电粧子站包括人机接口模块、充电输出接口、保护模块、核心控制模块、监控指示模块、主功率回路模块、电源输入接口、无线微功率模块、远程通信模块;所述核心控制模块分别与保护模块、监控指示模块、主功率回路模块连接、远程通信模块、人机接口模块和无线微功率模块连接,所述主功率回路模块也与保护模块和监控指示模块连接,所述主功率回路模块还分别连接电源输入接口和充电输出接口;所述远程通信模块、人机接口 [0019] Figure 1 to Figure 3, the makeup A charging system comprising a public network, the remote communication module, a charging makeup slave station, a plurality of micro-power wireless module and a plurality of charging terminals makeup, the makeup of the charging station and a charging sub makeup terminals is provided with a micro-power radio module, a charging module micro-power wireless stations of the makeup also connected to all the wireless terminals charging makeup micro-power module, the makeup of the charging station is further provided with a sub-distance communication module for connection to the public network; the said slave station includes a charging makeup machine interface module, a charging output interface, the protection module, the core control module, monitoring module indicated, the main power circuit module into the power supply, micro-power wireless module, the remote communication module; a core control module respectively protection module, monitoring module indicated, the main power circuit module is connected, the remote communication module, a human interface module and a wireless module connected to the micro-power, the primary power protection circuit module is also connected to the module and the monitoring module indicating the main power circuit module also connected power input interface and an output interface charge; the remote communication module, a human interface 模块和无线微功率模块还与充电输出接口连接,所述核心控制模块也与充电输出接口连接;所述充电粧终端包括人机接口模块、充电输出接口、保护模块、核心控制模块、监控指示模块、主功率回路模块、电源输入接口、无线微功率模块;所述核心控制模块分别与保护模块、监控指示模块、主功率回路模块连接、人机接口模块和无线微功率模块连接,所述主功率回路模块也与保护模块和监控指示模块连接,所述主功率回路模块还分别连接电源输入接口和充电输出接口;所述人机接口模块和无线微功率模块还与充电输出接口连接,所述核心控制模块也与充电输出接口连接;所述无线微功率模块为433M无线RF射频模块,用于实现信息交互功能。 Micro-power module and the wireless module is also connected to the charging output interfaces, the core control module is also connected to the charging output interfaces; the charging terminal comprises a man-machine interface module makeup, charging an output interface, the protection module, the core control module, control module indicating main circuit power module, the power input interface, a wireless micro-power module; said core protection module and control module, respectively, indicating the monitoring module, connected to the main power circuit module, a human interface module and a wireless module connected to the micro-power, the main power the protection circuit module is also connected to the monitoring module and the indication module, the main circuit power supply module is further connected an input interface and an output interface charge; the human interface module and the wireless interface module further micro-power charging output to the core the control module also outputs the charging interface; the micro-power wireless RF module 433M wireless RF module, for implementing the interactive function information.

[0020] -种充电粧系统的微功率数据通信机制,充电粧子站的无线微功率模块为子站地址,充电粧终端的无线微功率模块地址为终端地址,充电粧子站内配置若干终端地址为有效地址,充电粧终端内配置子站地址为有效子站地址,通信流程步骤如下: [0020] - species charging makeup system micro-power data communication mechanism, charging makeup stations of wireless micro-power module sub-station address, charge makeup terminal wireless micro-power module address as a terminal address, configure the plurality of terminal addresses in the charging makeup substation valid address, configure the sub-station address is a valid address of the slave station, the communication process steps following the charging terminal makeup:

[0021 ] A)充电粧子站和充电粧终端上电,识别充电粧的设置信息,接着充电粧子站向充电粧终端发送查询有效地址数据包,充电粧终端确认是否为对应的充电粧子站发送的数据包,若不是对应充电粧子站发送的数据包则丢包处理,若是对应充电粧子站发送的数据包则等待充电粧子站发送握手连接报文; [0021] A) charging makeup sub-on station and charge makeup terminating, identification charge setting information makeup, then the charging makeup slave station to the charging makeup terminal sends inquiry valid address of the packet, charge makeup terminal confirms a charging makeup slave station transmits whether the corresponding data packet, if the packet corresponding charging makeup slave station is transmitting packet loss process, if the corresponding data packet transmitted from the slave station charging makeup waiting charging makeup slave station transmits handshake packets;

[0022] B)充电粧子站向充电粧终端发送握手连接报文,若充电粧终端没有收到握手连接报文则充电粧终端被标记为异常链接终端,若充电粧终端接收到充电粧子站发送的握手连接报文,则核对终端地址是否为本机地址,若不是本机地址的数据包则丢包处理,若是本机地址的数据包则发送握手返回报文到对应的充电粧子站,充电粧子站与充电粧终端就成功建立握手连接,并将建立成功的握手终端地址记录为注册地址; [0022] B) charging makeup slave station transmits handshake packet to the charging makeup terminal, when charging makeup terminal does not receive the handshake packets charging makeup terminal is marked as abnormal end of the link, if the charging makeup terminal receives the charge makeup slave station transmits the handshake packet, check the address of the terminal is the host address, if the local address is a packet loss is processed, if the packet is native address return handshake packets transmitted to the corresponding sub makeup charging station, charging makeup cosmetics with the charging terminal sub-station to establish a successful handshaking, will establish a successful handshaking recorded terminal address registered address;

[0023] C)充电粧子站对注册地址内的充电粧终端发送对时报文,充电粧终端收到对时报文后开始对时,若对时失败则注册地址内删除对时失败的充电粧终端地址,并记录事件生成S0E,若对时成功则发送对时确认报文到充电粧子站,充电粧子站收到对时确认报文后则认为对时成功; [0023] C) charging makeup slave station transmits the charging makeup terminals within the registered address of the instant message, the charging makeup terminal receives after an instant message starts, if the pair fails the register within the address delete charging makeup of failure of the terminal address, and event generation S0E, makeup acknowledgment message to the charging sub-station, the slave station makeup charging confirmation after receipt of the message is considered successful if the transmission success pairs;

[0024] D)对时成功则充电粧子站与充电粧终端之间建立数据通信模式,进入正常链接状态;充电粧子站发送查询终端的数据包,并进入侦听模式;充电粧终端接收查询终端的数据包后核对终端地址,若是非本机终端地址的数据包则做丢包处理,若是本机终端地址的数据包则发送本机数据包到充电粧子站; [0024] D) for the successful charging between makeup sub-station and the charging makeup terminal establishing data communication mode, into the normal link state; charging makeup slave station transmits a data packet queries the terminal, and enters the listening mode; charging makeup terminal receiving a query terminal checking the terminal address data packet, if the packet address non-native terminal loss process is done, if the terminal address of the data packet present in the native data packet is sent to the charging makeup slave stations;

[0025] E)充电粧子站进入侦听模式则接收注册地址内的充电粧终端的突发事件数据包和接收有效地址的内的充电粧终端的终端中断响应包;接收到突发事件数据包后充电粧子站记录突发事件生成S0E并发送突发事件接收确认报文;接收到终端中断响应包后充电粧子站将此终端地址写入注册地址表内,并且发送注册确认数据包;若是接收到非有效地址内的其他数据包,则做丢包处理。 Makeup terminal charging terminals in emergency packet data and the received effective address [0025] E) a charging station enters the listening mode sub makeup the receiving terminal in the makeup of the charging register address interrupt response packet; receiving the emergency packet after charging record incidents makeup slave station generates and transmits incident S0E reception confirmation message; terminal after receiving the interrupt packet charging makeup of this slave station terminal address written in the address register, and transmits a registration confirmation packet; if received to other packets in the non-valid address, then process do loss.

[0026] 所述步骤D中充电粧子站的侦听模式为充电粧子站在据通信模式中以lmin为周期,依次执行各个充电粧终端;所述步骤B中充电粧子站接收到充电粧终端发送的握手返回报文后就会发送下一地址的握手连接报文并将此地址设为注册地址;充电粧子站在侦听模式中接收到有效地址内的充电粧终端发送的注册请求,将会添加此充电粧终端为注册地址,在下一个周期查询数据包内开始轮询此地址;所述步骤D中充电粧终端若未接收到充电粧子站发送查询终端的数据包则就为异常链接终端,所述异常链接终端将会主动发射注册数据。 [0026] Step D the charging stations of the listening mode makeup makeup charging sub-cycle stand lmin to sequentially perform various data communication terminals makeup charging mode; Step B transmitting the charging makeup makeup slave station receives the charge terminal the handshake packet will be sent after the return address of a next handshake connection packets to this address and the registered address; child standing charging makeup listening mode registration request is received within the effective charge makeup terminal address transmitted will this charge is added to the makeup terminal registered address, the address start of the next polling cycle query data packet; said charging step D terminal if not receiving a charging makeup makeup slave station transmits the inquiry packet to the terminal end of the link is abnormal, the anomaly will be active transmitter end of the link the registration data.

[0027] 本实施方式中,所述电源输入接口为供电电源的输入端,主要由接线端子和铜牌构成;所述主功率回路模块为充电主功率回路,对于交流充电粧主要由接触器、熔断器构成,而对于直流充电粧,主要由AC/DC转换器、接触器、熔断器构成;所述保护模块实现主回路保护,主要由防雷器和漏电保护装置构成;所述核心控制模块实现充电粧的数据管理、 BMS通信,计量等功能,负责处理打包通信区充电粧的信息,主体为电路板;所述监控指示模块实现充电粧充电回路的电流电压检测,主要有互感器构成;所述人机接口模块提供人机接口,显示充电信息,主要由液晶面板和键盘、刷卡器等构成;所述无线微功率模块实现与通信区间于充电粧子站类充电粧的信息交互过程,主要由RF射频通信模块构成,例如T1的CC1101芯片;所述远程通信模块实现通信区间内所有充电粧 [0027] In the present embodiment, the power input interface for the power supply input terminal, the terminal and is mainly composed of bronze; the main power circuit module charging main power circuit for the alternating charging makeup mainly by the contact, fuse constituted, and for DC charging makeup composed mainly of AC / DC converters, contactors, fuses; the main protective circuit module implements protection, and is mainly composed of mine leakage protection device; said control module for core makeup charging data management, BMS communication, measurement and other functions, is responsible for handling the communication area charge information package makeup, body is a circuit board; indicates the monitoring module detects the charging voltage to achieve the current makeup charging circuit, constituting the main transformer; the said man-machine interface module provides the human interface, displaying charge information, mainly composed of a liquid crystal panel and a keyboard, card or the like; the micro-power wireless communication module for the information exchange section during the charging of the charging makeup cosmetics class sub-station, mainly by RF radio frequency communications modules, such as T1 of CC1101 chip; all of the remote communication module implemented within the communication charge makeup section 息的上传,主要有3G/4G模块或者以太网通信部件构成。 Upload information, there are 3G / 4G or Ethernet communication module configured member.

[0028] 本实施方式中,先设置一个充电粧为充电粧子站,其无线微功率模块地址为子站地址,而其余充电粧为充电粧终端,其无线微功率模块地址为终端地址,在充电粧子站内配置好9个终端地址为有效地址,在充电粧终端内配置子站地址为有效子站地址。 [0028] the present embodiment, the first set a charging makeup charging makeup slave station, which radio micro-power module address of the slave station address, and the remaining charge makeup charging makeup terminal, wireless micro-power module address as a terminal address, the charging the makeup substation 9 configured as a terminal address valid address, configure the sub-station address in the makeup of the charging terminal is a valid child station address.

[0029] 本实施方式中,充电粧子站上电后,发送查询有效地址数据包,然后与有效地址内各终端建立握手连接;握手连接建立后将握手终端地址记录为注册地址,然后对注册地址内的终端统一下发对时报文,再与注册地址内的充电粧终端进行数据通信;充电粧子站在数据通信之后,进入侦听状态,数据通信过程中以lmin为周期,依次执行序列1至序列19;查询一组有效地址极限耗时为:三次发送耗时50*3,一次等待耗时500,一次接受耗时150,共计800ms ;序列1至序列18最多耗时7.2S;其余52.8秒用于侦听数据;在侦听数据阶段,充电粧子站接收注册地址内的充电粧终端的突发报文和有效地址内的充电粧的注册中断数据包。 [0029] the present embodiment, the charging station on the makeup promoter, send queries valid address of the packet, and then establish a handshake with the terminals within the valid address; handshake established after the handshake terminal address recorded registered address and registered address Times of packets sent, then the terminal in the makeup of the charging terminal unified within the address registration data communication; standing after charging makeup sub data communication, enters the listening state, data communications lmin to cycle sequentially to execute a sequence of 19 sequence; query a set of valid addresses for the consuming limit: transmitting three Processed 3 * 50, 500 and a waiting time consuming, time consuming 150 to accept a total of 800ms; sequence of 1 to 18 will take up to 7.2 seconds sequence; the rest of 52.8 seconds listens for data; the data in the listening phase, charging the sub-station receives a registration makeup burst messages and charging makeup cosmetics charged in the effective address register address of the terminal in the interrupt packet.

[0030] 本实施方式中,充电粧终端上电后,等待充电粧子站发送查询注册地址包及握手通信包,握手通信成功的终端为正常链接终端;充电粧终端接收到查询注册地址包后,核对接收到的子站地址与设置的子站地址是否一致,不一致则丢包处理,地址一致,则准备进行握手通信;上电后未接收到查询注册地址包的终端为异常链接终端;接收到充电粧子站发送的握手数据包后,核对终端地址是否为本机地址;不是本机地址的数据丢包处理,是本机地址则发送握手回复报文,并且记录终端编码。 [0030] the present embodiment, after charging the makeup terminal waits a charging makeup slave station sends a query registered address packets and handshake communication packet, handshake terminal successful communication is a normal link terminal; charging makeup terminal after receiving the inquiry registered address packet, checking whether the received slave station address sub-station address coincides with the set, the packet loss process inconsistencies, addresses match, then ready for handshaking; not received after power to the terminal registered address query packet is abnormal linking terminal; receiving after charging makeup handshake slave station transmits data packets, check the terminal address is the host address; data not native address handling of packet loss, the local address is sending a handshake response message, and the terminal code recording.

[0031] 本实施方式中,充电粧子站的通信为,充电粧上电后,识别本粧设置信息,确认本机为充电粧子站。 [0031] The embodiment according to the present embodiment, the charging stations of the communication for a makeup, makeup charging power, the setting information identifying the present makeup, makeup that this product is a charging sub-station. 然后发送查询有效地址数据包。 2. Inquiry effective address of the packet.

[0032] 查询有效地址数据包内容,共计9个字节,包括: [0032] The effective address query packet contents, a total of nine bytes, comprising:

[0033] [0033]

Figure CN105762890AD00081

[0034]发送耗时50ms,间隔5S连续发送三次,然后发送握手连接报文。 [0034] 50ms transmission time consuming, 5S continuous transmission interval times, then sends handshake packets.

[0035] 握手连接报文包括数据包内容,共计15个字节,包括: [0035] The handshake packet includes packet content, a total of 15 bytes, comprising:

[0036] [0036]

Figure CN105762890AD00082

[0037]充电粧子站接收到对应终端地址的充电粧终端返回报文后,则与发送下一地址的握手报文并将此地址设为注册地址。 After [0037] the makeup drop charging terminal address corresponding to the received charging makeup terminal returns to the packet, and then transmits the handshake packet and the next address to the address registered address. 在5S内未接受到返回握手报文,则重发报文,最多发送3次。 5S is not received within the return handshake packets, the packet retransmission attempts, to send up to three times. 重发后仍未握手成功的,则发送下一个地址的握手数据包。 After retransmission has not successful handshake, the handshake packet transmits the next address. 握手之后下发对时报文。 Issued to shake hands after the Times article. [0038] 对时报文包括数据包内容,共计20个字节,包括: [0038] The instant message includes a packet content, a total of 20 bytes, comprising:

[0039] [0039]

Figure CN105762890AD00083

[0040] ~充电粧子站收到个充电粧终端返回校时成功后,开始数据通信过程,发送查询终^ 端的数据包。 [0040] - the slave station receives a successful makeup charging return correction makeup charging terminal starts data communication process, transmits the query packet terminating end ^. 若有对时失败的终端或者未对时终端,则10S后重发;3次仍对时失败的终端, 则在注册地址表内删除该充电粧地址,并且记录事件,生成S0E。 If the terminal fails or when the terminal is not on, then after a retransmission 10S; 3 times without failure of the terminal, deleting the charging makeup address in the register address table, and records the event, generated S0E.

[0041] 查询的终端数据的数据包,共计13个字节,包括: [0041] query terminal data packet, totaling 13 bytes, comprising:

[0042] [0042]

Figure CN105762890AD00091

[0043] 侦听数据时间段内,接收注册地址内的突发事件数据包;接受有效地址的终端中断响应包。 [0043] listening period data, emergency data packets received address register; effective address terminal receiving interrupt response packet.

[0044] 接收注册地址内的突发事件数据包后,记录突发事件生成S0E,并发送突发事件接收确认报文,共计13个字节,包括: [0044] After receiving the emergency packet data addresses in the register, generating S0E recording incidents, and transmits the received emergency confirmation message, a total of 13 bytes, comprising:

[0045] [0045]

Figure CN105762890AD00092

[0046] 接收到有效地址的终端中断响应包后,将此终端地址写入注册地址表内,并且发送注册确认数据包,共24个字节: [0046] Upon receiving a valid interrupt response packet address of the terminal, the terminal address of this register is written in the address table, and sends a registration acknowledgment packet, a total of 24 bytes:

[0047] [0047]

Figure CN105762890AD00093

[0049]发送注册去人数据包后,等待该终端地址发送对时确认报文。 [0049] After sending the registration packet to the person, the terminal waits for the acknowledgment packets are sent from the address pair. 若有对时失败的终端或者未对时终端,则10S后重发。 If the terminal fails or when the terminal is not on, then the retransmission 10S. 3次仍对时失败的终端,则在注册地址表内删除该充电粧地址,并且记录事件,生成SOE;当连续3个周期的数据通信内,注册地址内的终端未返回数据包,即将此地址从注册地址内删除;侦听数据时间段内若接受的到有效地址内的充电粧终端发送的注册请求,将会添加此充电粧终端地址为注册地址,在下一周期查询数据包内开始轮询此地址;非有效地址内的其他数据包,丢包处理。 For three times, the terminal fails, the deleted in the register the address table of the charging makeup address, and record the event, generating The SOE; when the data communication for three consecutive cycles, the terminal in the register address not return data packet, i.e. this address is deleted from the registered address; listening period if the registration request data terminal charging makeup within the effective address is sent to the receiving, the charge will be added to this makeup terminal address registered address, the next cycle begins wheel query packet this address inquiry; other packets in the non-valid address, the packet loss process.

[0050] 本实施方式中,充电粧上电后,识别本粧设置信息,确认本机为充电粧终端。 [0050] In the present embodiment, the charging power makeup, makeup recognize the setting information to confirm the machine makeup charging terminal. 等待查询有效地址数据包。 Wait for a query valid address of the packet. 收到查询有效地址数据包后,确认为对应的充电粧子站发送的数据包后,等待握手通信。 After receipt of a valid address inquiry packet acknowledgment packet corresponding to the sub-station transmits a charging makeup, waiting for handshaking.

[0051] 握手回复报文共有9个字节,包括: Γ00591 [0051] handshake response message to a total of nine bytes, including: Γ00591

Figure CN105762890AD00101

[0053]若在3min内没有没有收到对应的握手报文,则终端为异常链接终端。 [0053] If no handshake does not receive any message within 3min, the terminal end of the link is abnormal.

[0054]充电粧终端接收到充电粧子站发送的对时报文后,进行对时处理,然后发送对时确认报文;接受到对时报文后,各充电粧终端于在"l〇〇ms+终端编码*10m"后发送对时确认报文。 [0054] Charging terminal receives the charge makeup makeup slave station after an instant message is sent, to perform processing, and then transmits acknowledgment packet time; After receiving the instant message, each of the charging terminals in the makeup "+ terminal l〇〇ms after confirmation message is sent to coding * 10m ".

[0055] 对时确认报文共13字节,包括: [0055] The confirmation message of 13 bytes, comprising:

[0056] [0056]

Figure CN105762890AD00102

[0057] 对时之后的充电粧终端等待接收查询的终端数据的数据包,接收到数据包后核对终端地址;非本机终端地址的数据包丢包处理,确认为本机终端数据包, [0057] The makeup of the charging terminal data packets while waiting for receiving a query after the data terminal, the terminal address check packet is received; non-native terminal packet address handling of packet loss, packet acknowledgment-based terminal,

[0058]则发送本机数据包。 [0058] The machine then the packet is transmitted.

[0059]发送的终端数据包,共21字节,数据包内容为: [0059] The terminal transmits a packet, a total of 21 bytes, the packet contents:

[0060] [0060]

Figure CN105762890AD00103

[0061 ] 5min内未接收到充电粧子站发送的本机地址轮询数据包的终端为异常链接终端; 异常链接中,将会主动发射注册数据,工9个字节,注册数据包其内容包括: [0061] 5min to the terminal does not receive the local address of the poll packets transmitted charging makeup slave station is abnormal terminal link; unnatural links, it will be active transmitter data register, workers 9 bytes, which includes the registration packet :

[0062] [0062]

Figure CN105762890AD00111

[0064]发送注册数据包时,连续发射三次,间隔5S,其他送规则如下: [0064] When sending the registration packet, transmitting three successive, spaced 5S, other routing rule as follows:

[0065] [0065]

Figure CN105762890AD00112

[0066] 正常链接状态下的终端,在有突发报文产生时,将会主动发送突发报文,未接收到充电粧子站的确认报文情况下,5S发射一次,连续发射3次;突发事件数据包共有15个字节, 内容为: 「00671 Terminal under the [0066] link normal state, when there is a burst packets are generated, will burst sends packets, the makeup does not receive the charging stations of the acknowledgment packet case, 5S transmitted once, three times continuous emission; emergency packet has 15 bytes, says: "00671

Figure CN105762890AD00113

'[0068]本发明的保护范围包括但不限于以上实施方式,本发明的保护范围以权利要求书为准,任何对本技术做出的本领域的技术人员容易想到的替换、变形、改进均落入本发明的保护范围。 '[0068] the scope of the present invention include, but are not limited to the above embodiments alternative embodiment, the present invention in the scope of claims and their equivalents, made by any of the techniques of those skilled in the art will readily occur, modification, modifications are off the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. 1. 一种充电粧系统,其特征在于:包括公网、远程通信模块、充电粧子站、若干无线微功率模块和若干充电粧终端,所述充电粧子站和充电粧终端上都设置有无线微功率模块,所述充电粧子站的无线微功率模块还分别连接所有充电粧终端的无线微功率模块,所述充电粧子站上还设置有远程通信模块,用于连接公网。 A charging makeup system comprising: a public network, the remote communication module, a charging makeup slave station, a plurality of micro-power wireless module and a plurality of charging makeup terminal, said charging sub-stations are arranged on the makeup and makeup of the charging terminal with a wireless microphone a power module, the slave station wireless charging makeup micro-power charging module is further connected to all the wireless terminals makeup micro-power module, the makeup of the charging station is further provided with a sub-distance communication module for connection to the public network.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种充电粧系统,其特征在于:所述充电粧子站包括人机接口模块、充电输出接口、保护模块、核心控制模块、监控指示模块、主功率回路模块、电源输入接口、无线微功率模块、远程通信模块;所述核心控制模块分别与保护模块、监控指示模块、 主功率回路模块连接、远程通信模块、人机接口模块和无线微功率模块连接,所述主功率回路模块也与保护模块和监控指示模块连接,所述主功率回路模块还分别连接电源输入接口和充电输出接口;所述远程通信模块、人机接口模块和无线微功率模块还与充电输出接口连接,所述核心控制模块也与充电输出接口连接。 2. A charging system according to the makeup according to claim 1, wherein: the slave station includes a human makeup charging interface module, an output interface charging protection module, a core control module, monitoring module indicated, the main power circuit module, power input interface, micro-power wireless module, the remote communication module; said core protection module and control module, respectively, indicating the monitoring module, the main power circuit module is connected, the remote communication module, a human interface module and a wireless module connected to the micro-power, the main power circuit module is also connected with the protection module and the monitoring module indicating the main power circuit module further connected a charging power input interface and an output interface; the remote communication module, a human interface module and the wireless module further micro-power output and the charging interface, the core control module is also connected to the output interface charge.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种充电粧系统,其特征在于:所述充电粧终端包括人机接口模块、充电输出接口、保护模块、核心控制模块、监控指示模块、主功率回路模块、电源输入接口、无线微功率模块;所述核心控制模块分别与保护模块、监控指示模块、主功率回路模块连接、人机接口模块和无线微功率模块连接,所述主功率回路模块也与保护模块和监控指示模块连接,所述主功率回路模块还分别连接电源输入接口和充电输出接口;所述人机接口模块和无线微功率模块还与充电输出接口连接,所述核心控制模块也与充电输出接口连接。 3. The makeup A charging system according to claim 1, wherein: said charging terminal comprises a man-machine interface module makeup, charging an output interface, the protection module, the core control module, monitoring module indicated, the main power circuit module, power input interface, a wireless micro-power module; said core protection module and control module, respectively, indicating the monitoring module, connected to the main power circuit module, a human interface module and a wireless module connected to the micro-power, the main power circuit protection module and module is also indicating and monitoring module connected to a main power supply circuit module is further connected an input interface and an output interface charge; the human interface module and the wireless interface module further micro-power charging output to the core control module is also charged with the output interface connection.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种充电粧系统,其特征在于:所述无线微功率模块为433M无线RF射频模块,用于实现信息交互功能。 A charging system according to the makeup of claim 1, wherein: said wireless module is a micro-power RF wireless RF module 433M, information for realizing interactive function.
  5. 5. -种充电粧系统的微功率数据通信机制,其特征在于:充电粧子站的无线微功率模块为子站地址,充电粧终端的无线微功率模块地址为终端地址,充电粧子站内配置若干终端地址为有效地址,充电粧终端内配置子站地址为有效子站地址,通信流程步骤如下: A) 充电粧子站和充电粧终端上电,识别充电粧的设置信息,接着充电粧子站向充电粧终端发送查询有效地址数据包,充电粧终端确认是否为对应的充电粧子站发送的数据包, 若不是对应充电粧子站发送的数据包则丢包处理,若是对应充电粧子站发送的数据包则等待充电粧子站发送握手连接报文; B) 充电粧子站向充电粧终端发送握手连接报文,若充电粧终端没有收到握手连接报文则充电粧终端被标记为异常链接终端,若充电粧终端接收到充电粧子站发送的握手连接报文,则核对终端地址是否为本 5. - Microsatellite power data communication mechanism charging makeup system, wherein: the charging makeup slave station wireless micro-power module of the slave station address, the charging makeup terminal wireless micro-power module address as a terminal address, configure several terminals in the charging makeup substation address is a valid address, configure the sub-station address is valid sub-station address in the charging makeup terminal, the communication process steps follows: a) charging makeup sub-terminal power, identification charging makeup setting information station and charge makeup, then the charging makeup slave station to the charging makeup terminal Contact valid address of the packet, charge makeup terminal confirms whether the packet is transmitted to the corresponding charging makeup slave station, if not the corresponding data packet charging makeup slave station transmitted the packet loss process, if the corresponding data packet charging makeup slave station transmission waiting charging makeup slave station transmits handshake packets; B) charging makeup slave station transmits handshake packet to the charging makeup terminal, when charging makeup terminal does not receive the handshake packets charging makeup terminal is marked as abnormal end of the link, if the charging makeup terminal receiving the handshake charging makeup slave station transmits a connection packet, checking whether the present terminal address 机地址,若不是本机地址的数据包则丢包处理,若是本机地址的数据包则发送握手返回报文到对应的充电粧子站,充电粧子站与充电粧终端就成功建立握手连接,并将建立成功的握手终端地址记录为注册地址; C) 充电粧子站对注册地址内的充电粧终端发送对时报文,充电粧终端收到对时报文后开始对时,若对时失败则注册地址内删除对时失败的充电粧终端地址,并记录事件生成SOE,若对时成功则发送对时确认报文到充电粧子站,充电粧子站收到对时确认报文后则认为对时成功; D) 对时成功则充电粧子站与充电粧终端之间建立数据通信模式,进入正常链接状态; 充电粧子站发送查询终端的数据包,并进入侦听模式;充电粧终端接收查询终端的数据包后核对终端地址,若是非本机终端地址的数据包则做丢包处理,若是本机终端地址的数据包则发送本机 Slave address, if it is a data packet the local address of the packet loss process, if the packet address of the machine is sending a handshake returns the packet to the corresponding charging makeup slave station, charging makeup sub-station and the charging makeup terminal successfully establish a handshake, and will establish a successful handshaking terminal address recorded registered address; C) charging makeup slave station transmits an instant message, a charging makeup terminal when the instant message starts receiving the charging makeup terminals in the registered address, if the pair fails the registration address in the deletion of charge makeup terminal address failed, and event generation SOE, confirmation message to the charging makeup sub-station, charging makeup sub-station to confirm the receipt of the message is considered successful if it is sent on to success; D) for the successful charging between makeup sub-station and the charging makeup terminal establishing data communication mode, into the normal link state; charging makeup slave station transmits a data packet queries the terminal, and enters the listening mode; charging makeup terminal receives a query packet terminal after checking the terminal address, the packet if a terminal address non-native processing loss is done, if the present packet is sent to the address terminal native 数据包到充电粧子站; E)充电粧子站进入侦听模式则接收注册地址内的充电粧终端的突发事件数据包和接收有效地址的内的充电粧终端的终端中断响应包;接收到突发事件数据包后充电粧子站记录突发事件生成SOE并发送突发事件接收确认报文;接收到终端中断响应包后充电粧子站将此终端地址写入注册地址表内,并且发送注册确认数据包;若是接收到非有效地址内的其他数据包,则做丢包处理。 Packet to the charging makeup substation; E) charging makeup sub-station enters the listening mode the receiving terminal charging makeup terminal in the emergency packet and the received effective address charging makeup terminals within the registered address interrupt response packet; receiving projections after charging event packet sent makeup slave station generates SOE recording incidents and transmits a reception confirmation message emergencies; interrupt terminal after receiving the response packet drop charging makeup of this terminal address written in the address register, and sends a registration acknowledgment data packet; if other packets received in the non-valid address, then process do loss.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求5所述的一种充电粧系统的微功率数据通信机制,其特征在于:所述步骤D中充电粧子站的侦听模式为充电粧子站在据通信模式中以lmin为周期,依次执行各个充电粧终端。 The micro-power data communication mechanism 5 A charging system as claimed in claim makeup, wherein: said step (D) the charging stations of the listening mode makeup makeup stand charging mode to the data communication sub-cycle lmin sequentially performing each charging terminal makeup.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求5所述的一种充电粧系统的微功率数据通信机制,其特征在于:所述步骤B中充电粧子站接收到充电粧终端发送的握手返回报文后就会发送下一地址的握手连接报文并将此地址设为注册地址。 The next step will be sent to the slave station B received charging makeup makeup handshake charging terminal after transmitting reverse packet: according to a micro-power data communication system of the makeup of the charging mechanism according to claim 5, characterized in that handshake address this connection packets and address as registered address.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求5所述的一种充电粧系统的微功率数据通信机制,其特征在于:充电粧子站在侦听模式中接收到有效地址内的充电粧终端发送的注册请求,将会添加此充电粧终端为注册地址,在下一个周期查询数据包内开始轮询此地址。 The micro-power data communication mechanism 5 A charging system as claimed in claim makeup, wherein: the charging makeup standing child in listening mode registration request is received within the effective charge makeup terminal address transmitted will be added this makeup charging terminal is a registered address, the start address of the next polling cycle this query packet.
  9. 9. 根据权利要求5所述的一种充电粧系统的微功率数据通信机制,其特征在于:所述步骤D中充电粧终端若未接收到充电粧子站发送查询终端的数据包则就为异常链接终端,所述异常链接终端将会主动发射注册数据。 9. A micro-power data communication system of the makeup of the charging mechanism according to claim 5, wherein: said charging step D makeup makeup terminal if no slave station receives the charge packet transmission is to query the terminal is abnormal link terminal, said abnormal terminal will link active transmitter data register.
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