CN105749646A - Efficient smoke exhaust and dust removal device of electric metallurgical furnace - Google Patents

Efficient smoke exhaust and dust removal device of electric metallurgical furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105749646A
CN105749646A CN201610239578.1A CN201610239578A CN105749646A CN 105749646 A CN105749646 A CN 105749646A CN 201610239578 A CN201610239578 A CN 201610239578A CN 105749646 A CN105749646 A CN 105749646A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
framework
fixing
spring
drainage screen
hole
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CN201610239578.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
安双志
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Individual
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Priority to CN201610239578.1A priority Critical patent/CN105749646A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • B01D46/12Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces in multiple arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/30Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using loose filtering material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/025Other waste gases from metallurgy plants
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/0283Flue gases
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2267/00Multiple filter elements specially adapted for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D2267/30Same type of filters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2267/00Multiple filter elements specially adapted for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D2267/40Different types of filters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2267/00Multiple filter elements specially adapted for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D2267/60Vertical arrangement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2267/00Multiple filter elements specially adapted for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D2267/70Horizontal arrangement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2275/00Filter media structures for filters specially adapted for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D2275/20Shape of filtering material
    • B01D2275/204Special shapes of loose filter materials
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters
    • Y02A50/2351Atmospheric particulate matter [PM], e.g. carbon smoke microparticles, smog, aerosol particles, dust

Abstract

The invention discloses an efficient smoke exhaust and dust removal device of an electric metallurgical furnace.The efficient smoke exhaust and dust removal device comprises a gas exhaust device, a first filter device, a second filter device, a third filter device, a ball device, a pipeline device and a fourth filter device.The gas exhaust device comprises a first frame, a gas exhaust pipe, a first fan, a first pipeline, a first water pump, a second pipeline and a second valve, the first filter device comprises a first filter screen, first springs, a first ejector block and a first sponge block, the second filter device comprises a second frame, a third pipeline, a second valve, a positioning ring, a moving column, second springs and a second filter screen, the third filter device comprises a third frame, a fourth frame, first supports, a third filter screen and third springs, the ball device comprises first oblique rods, fourth springs, a fifth spring and a blocking ball, and the pipeline device comprises a connecting pipe, a third valve and a second support.The efficient smoke exhaust and dust removal device has the advantages that dust in smoke gas generated by the electric metallurgical furnace can be thoroughly removed, the smoke gas can be thoroughly purified, and accordingly environmental pollution due to direct emission of the smoke gas can be prevented.

Description

A kind of efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device
Technical field
The present invention relates to environmental technology field, particularly relate to a kind of efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device.
Background technology
At present, domestic metallurgy industry metallurgical electric furnace can produce substantial amounts of dust, flue gas when producing, and not only pollutes working environment, atmospheric environment causes great harm simultaneously.One of traditional dedusting method is to adopt dedusting fan to discharge, and another kind of method is to adopt final dusting cover dedusting, and it is low that both approaches all exists smoke evacuation, efficiency of dust collection, and investment greatly, does not reach the problem such as discharge standard of national requirements.
Accordingly, it is desirable to provide a kind of new technical scheme solves above-mentioned technical problem.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device that can effectively solve above-mentioned technical problem.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that
nullA kind of efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device,Described efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device includes air extractor、It is positioned at the first defecator of described air extractor、It is positioned at the second defecator on the right side of described air extractor、It is positioned at the 3rd defecator below described second defecator、It is positioned at the grounder device of described 3rd defecator、It is positioned at the plumbing installation below described 3rd defecator and is positioned at the 4th defecator on the left of described plumbing installation,Described air extractor includes the first framework、It is positioned at the exhaust tube on the left of described first framework、It is arranged at the first blower fan on described exhaust tube、It is positioned at the first pipeline above described first framework、It is arranged at the first water pump on described first pipeline、It is positioned at the second pipe below described first framework、It is arranged at the first valve on described second pipe,Described first defecator includes the first drainage screen、It is positioned at the first spring on the right side of described first drainage screen、It is positioned on the right side of described first spring first lean block and be positioned at described first and lean the first sponge block on the right side of block,Described second defecator includes the second framework、It is positioned at the 3rd pipeline above described second framework、It is arranged at the second valve on described 3rd pipeline、It is contained in the locating ring in described second framework、It is contained in the mobile post in described locating ring、It is positioned at the second spring below described mobile post、It is positioned at the second drainage screen below described second spring,Described 3rd defecator includes the 3rd framework、It is positioned at the 4th framework below described 3rd framework、It is positioned at the first support above described 3rd framework、It is contained in the 3rd drainage screen in described 3rd framework、It is positioned at the 3rd spring below described 3rd drainage screen、It is positioned at the plugging block below described 3rd spring,Described grounder device includes the first brace、It is positioned at the 4th spring below described first brace、It is arranged at the 5th spring on described first brace and is arranged at the blocking ball on described 5th spring,Described plumbing installation includes connecting tube、It is arranged at the 3rd valve in described connecting tube、It is positioned at the second support on the left of described connecting tube and the second brace,Described 4th defecator includes the 5th framework、It is positioned at the discharge pipe below described 5th framework、It is arranged at the 4th valve on described discharge pipe、It is contained in the second sponge block in described 5th framework、It is positioned at the 4th drainage screen on the left of described second sponge block、It is positioned at the 6th spring on the left of described 4th drainage screen、It is positioned at the 5th drainage screen on the left of described 6th spring、It is positioned at the baffle plate on the left of described 5th drainage screen、It is positioned at the heat radiation frame on the left of described baffle plate and is contained in the heating rod of described heat radiation frame.
Described first framework is hollow spherical, described first framework is provided with the first through hole, the second through hole, third through-hole and fourth hole, the right-hand member of described exhaust tube is directed at described first through hole and fixing with the outer surface of described first framework is connected, one end of described first pipeline is directed at described third through-hole and fixing with the outer surface of described first framework is connected, and one end of described second pipe is directed at described fourth hole and fixing with the outer surface of described first framework and is connected.
nullDescribed first drainage screen is hollow hemispherical,The left surface of described first drainage screen is fixing with the inner surface of described first framework to be connected,Described first drainage screen is positioned at the right side of described first through hole,Described first spring is provided with two,Described first spring is horizontal,The left end of described first spring is fixing with the right surface of described first drainage screen to be connected,The right-hand member of described first spring leans with described first that the left surface of block is fixing to be connected,Described first to lean block be cuboid,Described first leans block vertically places,Described first leans block acts against on the left surface of described first sponge block,Described first sponge block is hemispherical,The right surface of described first sponge block is fixing with the inner surface of described first framework to be connected,Described first sponge block is positioned at the left side of described second through hole,Described third through-hole is positioned at the top of described first sponge block.
nullDescribed second framework is hollow cylinder,Described second framework is vertically placed,One end of described 3rd pipeline is directed at described second through hole and fixing with the outer surface of described first framework is connected,The other end of described 3rd pipeline runs through the upper surface of described second framework and extends to the inside of described second framework,Described 3rd pipeline is fixing with described second framework to be connected,Described locating ring is cross section is the cylinder of annulus,Described locating ring is vertically placed,The outer surface of described locating ring is fixing with the inner surface of described second framework to be connected,The upper end of described mobile post is cone,The lower end of described mobile post is cylinder,Described mobile post is positioned at the lower section of described 3rd pipeline,The outer surface of described mobile post and the inner surface of described locating ring are slidably connected,Described second drainage screen is cylinder,Described second drainage screen horizontal positioned,The side of described second drainage screen is fixing with the inner surface of described second framework to be connected,Described second spring is provided with two,Described second spring is vertically placed,The upper end of described second spring is fixing with the lower surface of described mobile post to be connected,The lower end of described second spring is fixing with the upper surface of described second drainage screen to be connected.
nullDescribed 3rd framework is hollow round table-like,The upper surface of described 3rd framework is fixing with the lower surface of described second framework to be connected,Described 4th framework is hollow cylinder,Described 4th framework is vertically placed,The upper surface of described 4th framework is fixing with the lower surface of described 3rd framework to be connected,The lower surface of described 4th framework is provided with fifth hole,Described first support is provided with two and lays respectively at the left and right sides of described 3rd framework,Described first support is L-shaped,One end of described first support is fixing with the side of described second framework to be connected,The other end of described first support is fixing with described 3rd framework to be connected,Described 3rd drainage screen is cylinder,Described 3rd drainage screen horizontal positioned,The side of described 3rd drainage screen is fixing with the inner surface of described 3rd framework to be connected,The lower surface of described second framework is fixing with the upper surface of described 3rd drainage screen to be connected,Described 3rd spring is provided with two,Described 3rd spring is vertical shape,The upper end of described 3rd spring is fixing with the lower surface of described 3rd drainage screen to be connected,The lower end of described 3rd spring is fixing with described plugging block to be connected,Described plugging block is hemispherical,Described plugging block acts against on the inner surface of described 3rd framework.
The upper end of described first brace is fixing with the lower surface of described plugging block to be connected, the lower end of described first brace acts against on the inner surface of described 4th framework and is slidably connected with it, the lower end of described first brace is provided with the first groove, described 4th spring is provided with two, described 4th spring is vertical shape, the lower end of described 4th spring is fixing with the inner surface of described 4th framework to be connected, the upper end of described 4th spring is fixing with described first brace to be connected, the described 5th inclined shape of spring, the upper end of described 5th spring is fixing with the first brace to be connected, the lower end of described 5th spring is fixing with described blocking ball to be connected, described blocking ball is spherical, described blocking ball is positioned at the top of described fifth hole.
Described connecting tube is L-shaped, the upper end of described connecting tube is directed at described fifth hole and fixing with the lower surface of described 4th framework is connected, the described second inclined shape of brace, the upper end of described second brace is fixing with the left surface of described 4th framework to be connected, described second support is L-shaped, one end of described second support is fixing with the left surface of described 4th framework to be connected, and the other end of described second support is vertical shape.
nullDescribed 5th framework is hollow cuboid,Described 5th framework horizontal positioned,Described 5th framework is provided with the clematis stem hole on its right surface and is positioned at the 7th through hole of its lower surface,The left end of described connecting tube is directed at described clematis stem hole and fixing with the right surface of described 5th framework is connected,The lower end of described second brace and the second support is fixing with the upper surface of described 5th framework to be connected,Described discharge pipe is vertical shape,The upper end of described discharge pipe is directed at described 7th through hole and fixing with the lower surface of described 5th framework is connected,Described second sponge block is cuboid,The right surface of described second sponge block is fixing with the inner surface of described 5th framework to be connected,Described second sponge block is positioned at the left side in described clematis stem hole,Described 4th drainage screen is cuboid,Described 4th drainage screen is vertically placed,The left surface of described second sponge block is fixing with the right surface of described 4th drainage screen to be connected,The side of described 4th drainage screen and the inner surface of described 5th framework are slidably connected.
Described 5th drainage screen is cuboid, described 5th drainage screen is vertically placed, the side of described 5th drainage screen is fixing with the inner surface of described 5th framework to be connected, described 6th spring is provided with two, described 6th spring is horizontal, the right-hand member of described 6th spring is fixing with the left surface of described 4th drainage screen to be connected, the left end of described 6th spring is fixing with the right surface of described 5th drainage screen to be connected, described baffle plate is cuboid, described baffle plate is vertically placed, the side of described baffle plate is fixing with the inner surface of described 5th framework to be connected, described heat radiation frame is hollow cuboid, the left surface of described heat radiation frame is fixing with the inner surface of described 5th framework to be connected.
After adopting technique scheme, present invention have the advantage that
The efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device simple in construction of the present invention; easy to use; the flue gas that metallurgical electric furnace produces can be carried out udst separation thoroughly; prevent it from directly discharging pollution on the environment; protect the environment that we depend on for existence, and less costly, it is suitable for popularization and application; clean-up effect is notable, and purification efficiency is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the detailed description of the invention of the efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device of the present invention is described further:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device of the present invention;
Detailed description of the invention
As it is shown in figure 1, the present invention efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device includes air extractor 1, is positioned at the first defecator 2 of described air extractor 1, is positioned at the second defecator 3 on the right side of described air extractor 1, is positioned at the 3rd defecator 4 below described second defecator 3, is positioned at the grounder device 5 of described 3rd defecator 4, is positioned at the plumbing installation 6 below described 3rd defecator 4 and is positioned at the 4th defecator 7 on the left of described plumbing installation 6.
As it is shown in figure 1, described air extractor 1 includes the first framework 11, is positioned at the exhaust tube 12 on the left of described first framework 11, the first blower fan 13 of being arranged on described exhaust tube 12, be positioned at the first pipeline 14 above described first framework 11, the first water pump 15 of being arranged on described first pipeline 14, the first valve 17 of being positioned at the second pipe 16 below described first framework 11, being arranged on described second pipe 16.Described first framework 11 is in hollow spherical, described first framework 11 is provided with first through hole the 111, second through hole 112, third through-hole 113 and fourth hole 114, and described first through hole the 111, second through hole 112, third through-hole 113 and fourth hole 114 communicate with the inside of described first framework 11.The right-hand member of described exhaust tube 12 is directed at described first through hole 111 and fixing with the outer surface of described first framework 11 is connected so that the inside of described exhaust tube 12 communicates with the inside of described first framework 11.Described first blower fan 13 is for being pumped into the flue gas that metallurgical electric furnace produces in exhaust tube 12.One end of described first pipeline 14 is directed at described third through-hole 113 and fixing with the outer surface of described first framework 11 is connected so that the inside of described first pipeline 14 communicates with the inside of described first framework 11, and the other end of described first pipeline 14 is placed in pond.Described first water pump 15 is for being pumped into the water in pond in the first pipeline 14.One end of described second pipe 16 is directed at described fourth hole 114 and fixing with the outer surface of described first framework 11 is connected so that the inside of described second pipe 16 communicates with the inside of described first framework 11.Described first valve 17 is for controlling the flow of water in described second pipe 16.
As it is shown in figure 1, described first defecator 2 includes the first drainage screen 21, is positioned at the first spring 22 on the right side of described first drainage screen 21, is positioned at first on the right side of described first spring 22 and leans block 23 and is positioned at described first leans the first sponge block 24 on the right side of block 23.Described first drainage screen 21 is in hollow hemispherical, and the left surface of described first drainage screen 21 is fixed with the inner surface of described first framework 11 and is connected, and described first drainage screen 21 is positioned at the right side of described first through hole 11.Described first spring 22 is provided with two, and described first spring 22 is horizontal, and the right surface of the left end of described first spring 22 and described first drainage screen 21 is fixing to be connected, and the right-hand member of described first spring 22 leans the left surface of block 23 and fixes and be connected with described first.Described first leans block 23 in cuboid, and described first leans block 23 vertically places, and described first leans block 23 acts against on the left surface of described first sponge block 24.Described first sponge block 24 is in hemispherical, the right surface of described first sponge block 24 is fixing with the inner surface of described first framework 11 to be connected, described first sponge block 24 is positioned at the left side of described second through hole 112, described third through-hole 113 is positioned at the top of described first sponge block 24, and described fourth hole 114 is positioned at the lower section of described first sponge block 24.
As it is shown in figure 1, described second defecator 3 includes the second framework 31, is positioned at the 3rd pipeline 32 above described second framework 31, the second valve 33 being arranged on described 3rd pipeline 32, be contained in the locating ring 34 of described second framework 31, be contained in the mobile post 35 of described locating ring 34, be positioned at the second spring 36 below described mobile post 35, be positioned at the second drainage screen 37 below described second spring 36.Described second framework 31 is in hollow cylinder, and described second framework 31 is vertically placed, and the cross section of described second framework 31 is inverted concave shape.One end of described 3rd pipeline 32 is directed at described second through hole 112 and fixing with the outer surface of described first framework 11 is connected, the inside of described 3rd pipeline 32 is communicated with the inside of described first framework 11, the other end of described 3rd pipeline 32 runs through the upper surface of described second framework 31 and extends to the inside of described second framework 31, and described 3rd pipeline 32 is fixing with described second framework 31 to be connected.Described second valve 33 is for controlling the flow of gas in described 3rd pipeline 32.Described locating ring 34 is the cylinder of annulus in cross section, and described locating ring 34 is vertically placed, and the outer surface of described locating ring 34 is fixing with the inner surface of described second framework 31 to be connected.The upper end of described mobile post 35 is cone, the lower end of described mobile post 35 is cylinder, described mobile post 35 is positioned at the lower section of described 3rd pipeline 32, and the outer surface of described mobile post 35 and the inner surface of described locating ring 34 are slidably connected so that described mobile post 35 can move up and down.Described second drainage screen 37 is in cylinder, and described second drainage screen 37 horizontal positioned, the side of described second drainage screen 37 is fixing with the inner surface of described second framework 31 to be connected.Described second spring 36 is provided with two, and described second spring 36 is vertically placed, and the upper end of described second spring 36 is fixing with the lower surface of described mobile post 35 to be connected, and the lower end of described second spring 36 is fixing with the upper surface of described second drainage screen 37 to be connected.
As it is shown in figure 1, described 3rd defecator 4 includes the 3rd framework 41, is positioned at the 4th framework 42 below described 3rd framework 41, is positioned at the first support 43 above described 3rd framework 41, is contained in the 3rd drainage screen 44 of described 3rd framework 41, is positioned at the 3rd spring 45 below described 3rd drainage screen 44, is positioned at the plugging block 46 below described 3rd spring 45.Described 3rd framework 41 is in hollow round table-like, and the upper surface of described 3rd framework 41 is fixed with the lower surface of described second framework 31 and is connected so that the inside of described 3rd framework 41 communicates with the inside of described second framework 31.Described 4th framework 42 is in hollow cylinder, described 4th framework 42 is vertically placed, the cross section of described 4th framework 42 is concave shape, and the upper surface of described 4th framework 42 is fixing with the lower surface of described 3rd framework 41 to be connected, and the lower surface of described 4th framework 42 is provided with fifth hole 421.Described first support 43 is provided with two and lays respectively at the left and right sides of described 3rd framework 41, described first support 43 is L-shaped, one end of described first support 43 is fixing with the side of described second framework 31 to be connected, and the other end of described first support 43 is fixing with described 3rd framework 41 to be connected.Described 3rd drainage screen 44 is in cylinder, described 3rd drainage screen 44 horizontal positioned, the side of described 3rd drainage screen 44 is fixing with the inner surface of described 3rd framework 41 to be connected, and the lower surface of described second framework 31 is fixing with the upper surface of described 3rd drainage screen 44 to be connected.Described 3rd spring 45 is provided with two, and described 3rd spring 45 is in vertical shape, and the upper end of described 3rd spring 45 is fixing with the lower surface of described 3rd drainage screen 44 to be connected, and the lower end of described 3rd spring 45 is fixing with described plugging block 46 to be connected.Described plugging block 46 is in hemispherical, and described plugging block 46 acts against on the inner surface of described 3rd framework 41.
As it is shown in figure 1, described grounder device 5 includes the first brace 51, is positioned at the 4th spring 54 below described first brace 51, the 5th spring 53 being arranged on described first brace 51 and is arranged at the blocking ball 52 on described 5th spring 53.Described first brace 51 is provided with two and lays respectively at the left and right sides below described plugging block 46, the upper end of described first brace 51 is fixing with the lower surface of described plugging block 46 to be connected, the lower end of described first brace 51 acts against on the inner surface of described 4th framework 42 and is slidably connected with it, and the lower end of described first brace 51 is provided with the first groove 521.Described 4th spring 54 is provided with two, and described 4th spring 54 is in vertical shape, and the lower end of described 4th spring 54 is fixing with the inner surface of described 4th framework 42 to be connected, and the upper end of described 4th spring 54 is fixing with described first brace 51 to be connected.The described 5th inclined shape of spring 53, the upper end of described 5th spring 53 is fixing with the first brace 51 being positioned at left side to be connected, and the lower end of described 5th spring 53 is fixing with described blocking ball 52 to be connected.Described blocking ball 52 is in spherical, and described blocking ball 52 is positioned at the top of described fifth hole 421, and described blocking ball 52 can block described fifth hole 421.
As it is shown in figure 1, described plumbing installation 6 includes connecting tube 61, the 3rd valve 62 that is arranged in described connecting tube 61, be positioned at the second support 63 and the second brace 64 on the left of described connecting tube 61.Described connecting tube 61 is L-shaped, and the upper end of described connecting tube 61 is directed at described fifth hole 421 and fixing with the lower surface of described 4th framework 42 is connected so that the inside of described connecting tube 61 communicates with the inside of described 4th framework 42.Described 3rd valve 62 is for controlling the flow of gas in described connecting tube 61.The described second inclined shape of brace 64, the upper end of described second brace 64 is fixing with the left surface of described 4th framework 42 to be connected.Described second support 63 is L-shaped, and one end of described second support 63 is fixing with the left surface of described 4th framework 42 to be connected, and the other end of described second support 63 is vertical shape.
As shown in Figure 1, described 4th defecator 7 includes the 5th framework 71, it is positioned at the discharge pipe 72 below described 5th framework 71, it is arranged at the 4th valve 73 on described discharge pipe 72, it is contained in the second sponge block 74 in described 5th framework 71, it is positioned at the 4th drainage screen 75 on the left of described second sponge block 74, it is positioned at the 6th spring 76 on the left of described 4th drainage screen 75, it is positioned at the 5th drainage screen 77 on the left of described 6th spring 76, it is positioned at the baffle plate 78 on the left of described 5th drainage screen 77, it is positioned at the heat radiation frame 79 on the left of described baffle plate 78 and is contained in the heating rod 70 of described heat radiation frame 79.Described 5th framework 71 is in hollow cuboid, described 5th framework 71 horizontal positioned, described 5th framework 71 is provided with the clematis stem hole 711 on its right surface and is positioned at the 7th through hole 712 of its lower surface, described clematis stem hole 711 and the 7th through hole 712 communicate with the inside of described 5th framework 71, the left end of described connecting tube 61 is directed at described clematis stem hole 711 and fixing with the right surface of described 5th framework 71 is connected, the inside of described connecting tube 61 is communicated with the inside of described 5th framework 71, the lower end of described second brace 64 and the second support 63 is fixing with the upper surface of described 5th framework 71 to be connected.Described discharge pipe 72 is in vertical shape, and the upper end of described discharge pipe 72 is directed at described 7th through hole 712 and fixing with the lower surface of described 5th framework 71 is connected so that the inside of described discharge pipe 72 communicates with the inside of described 5th framework 71.Described second sponge block 74 is in cuboid, and the right surface of described second sponge block 74 is fixing with the inner surface of described 5th framework 71 to be connected, and described second sponge block 74 is positioned at the left side in described clematis stem hole 711.Described 4th drainage screen 75 is in cuboid, described 4th drainage screen 75 is vertically placed, the left surface of described second sponge block 74 is fixing with the right surface of described 4th drainage screen 75 to be connected, and the side of described 4th drainage screen 75 and the inner surface of described 5th framework 71 are slidably connected.Described 5th drainage screen 77 is in cuboid, and described 5th drainage screen 77 is vertically placed, and described 5th drainage screen 77 is vertically placed, and the side of described 5th drainage screen 77 is fixing with the inner surface of described 5th framework 71 to be connected.Described 6th spring 76 is provided with two, described 6th spring 76 is horizontal, the right-hand member of described 6th spring 76 is fixing with the left surface of described 4th drainage screen 75 to be connected, the left end of described 6th spring 76 is fixing with the right surface of described 5th drainage screen 77 to be connected, thus described 4th drainage screen 75 is played a supporting role.Described baffle plate 78 is in cuboid, and described baffle plate 78 is vertically placed, and the side of described baffle plate 78 is fixing with the inner surface of described 5th framework 71 to be connected, and described 7th through hole 712 is positioned at the right side of described baffle plate 78.Described heat radiation frame 79 is in hollow cuboid, and the cross section of described heat radiation frame 79 is in the concave shape being sidelong, and the left surface of described heat radiation frame 79 is fixing with the inner surface of described 5th framework 71 to be connected, and described heat radiation frame 79 adopts Heat Conduction Material to make.Described heating rod 70 is contained in described heat radiation frame 79, and described heating rod 70 is electrically connected with the power supply so that described heating rod 70 can produce heat.
As shown in Figure 1, when the efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device of the described present invention uses, first the first blower fan 13 is started, the flue gas that metallurgical electric furnace produces is made to be drawn in exhaust tube 12, then into, in the first framework 11, starting the first water pump 15 simultaneously so that the water in pond is drawn in the first pipeline 14, it is then passed through third through-hole 113 and soaks the first sponge block 24, so that the first sponge block 24 is better to the clean-up effect of air.The flue gas now entered in the first framework 11 moves through the backward right side of filtration of the first drainage screen 21, first drainage screen 21 is played a supporting role by described first spring 22, then air is filtered by the first sponge block 24, described first leans block 23 acts against on described first sponge block 24, first sponge block 24 is compressed, and then making the density of the first sponge block 24 bigger so that it is filter effect is better.It is then passed through the air after the first sponge block 24 filters and enters in the 3rd pipeline 32, then the second valve 33 is opened, the air in the 3rd pipeline 32 is made to enter in the second framework 31, then due to the effect of air pressure, mobile post 35 is moved down, until the side of mobile post 35 no longer contacts with the inner surface of described locating ring 34, so that air is discharged from the gap between described mobile post 35 and described locating ring 34, move then downward, and enter in the 3rd framework 41 after the filtration of the second drainage screen 37 and after the filtration of the 3rd drainage screen 44.When the air pressure in the 3rd pipeline 32 reduces, described mobile post 35 restores to the original state under the effect of the second spring 36, thus preventing impurity from entering in the 3rd framework 41 and the 4th framework 42.The gas entered in the 3rd framework 41 pushes down on plugging block 46, plugging block 46 is moved down, described 3rd spring 45 is stretched, described first brace 51 moves down, described 4th spring 54 is compressed, due to the 5th inclined shape of spring 53, the 5th spring 53 is made to promote blocking ball 52 to the right, blocking ball 52 is made no longer to block fifth hole 421, when described plugging block 46 moves down, it no longer acts against on the inner surface of described 3rd framework 41, thus air can enter into the lower section of plugging block 46 in the space between plugging block 46 and the 4th framework 42, can further reduce the solid particle in air to a certain extent.nullEnter in connecting tube 61 through the first groove 521 and fifth hole 421 then into the air below plugging block 46,Open the 3rd valve 62,Air in connecting tube 61 is entered in the 5th framework 71,It is moved to the left after being then passed through the filtration of the second sponge block 74 and the 4th drainage screen 75,Described 4th drainage screen 75 is played a supporting role by described 6th spring 76,Then air enters in discharge pipe 72 after the filtration of the 5th drainage screen 77,Then the 4th valve 73 is opened,Air in discharge pipe 72 is discharged,Start heating rod 70 simultaneously,By dispelling the heat, its heat is distributed in the 5th framework 71 by frame 79,Moisture in air is evaporated,When the water yield in the first framework 11 is more,The first valve 17 can be opened,Water in first framework 11 is discharged through second pipe 16.So far, the efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device use procedure of the present invention is described.
The above; being only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any those skilled in the art are in the technical scope that the invention discloses; change can be readily occurred in or replace, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with described scope of the claims.

Claims (9)

  1. null1. an efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device,It is characterized in that: described efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device includes air extractor、It is positioned at the first defecator of described air extractor、It is positioned at the second defecator on the right side of described air extractor、It is positioned at the 3rd defecator below described second defecator、It is positioned at the grounder device of described 3rd defecator、It is positioned at the plumbing installation below described 3rd defecator and is positioned at the 4th defecator on the left of described plumbing installation,Described air extractor includes the first framework、It is positioned at the exhaust tube on the left of described first framework、It is arranged at the first blower fan on described exhaust tube、It is positioned at the first pipeline above described first framework、It is arranged at the first water pump on described first pipeline、It is positioned at the second pipe below described first framework、It is arranged at the first valve on described second pipe,Described first defecator includes the first drainage screen、It is positioned at the first spring on the right side of described first drainage screen、It is positioned on the right side of described first spring first lean block and be positioned at described first and lean the first sponge block on the right side of block,Described second defecator includes the second framework、It is positioned at the 3rd pipeline above described second framework、It is arranged at the second valve on described 3rd pipeline、It is contained in the locating ring in described second framework、It is contained in the mobile post in described locating ring、It is positioned at the second spring below described mobile post、It is positioned at the second drainage screen below described second spring,Described 3rd defecator includes the 3rd framework、It is positioned at the 4th framework below described 3rd framework、It is positioned at the first support above described 3rd framework、It is contained in the 3rd drainage screen in described 3rd framework、It is positioned at the 3rd spring below described 3rd drainage screen、It is positioned at the plugging block below described 3rd spring,Described grounder device includes the first brace、It is positioned at the 4th spring below described first brace、It is arranged at the 5th spring on described first brace and is arranged at the blocking ball on described 5th spring,Described plumbing installation includes connecting tube、It is arranged at the 3rd valve in described connecting tube、It is positioned at the second support on the left of described connecting tube and the second brace,Described 4th defecator includes the 5th framework、It is positioned at the discharge pipe below described 5th framework、It is arranged at the 4th valve on described discharge pipe、It is contained in the second sponge block in described 5th framework、It is positioned at the 4th drainage screen on the left of described second sponge block、It is positioned at the 6th spring on the left of described 4th drainage screen、It is positioned at the 5th drainage screen on the left of described 6th spring、It is positioned at the baffle plate on the left of described 5th drainage screen、It is positioned at the heat radiation frame on the left of described baffle plate and is contained in the heating rod of described heat radiation frame.
  2. 2. efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described first framework is hollow spherical, described first framework is provided with the first through hole, the second through hole, third through-hole and fourth hole, the right-hand member of described exhaust tube is directed at described first through hole and fixing with the outer surface of described first framework is connected, one end of described first pipeline is directed at described third through-hole and fixing with the outer surface of described first framework is connected, and one end of described second pipe is directed at described fourth hole and fixing with the outer surface of described first framework and is connected.
  3. null3. efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device according to claim 2,It is characterized in that: described first drainage screen is hollow hemispherical,The left surface of described first drainage screen is fixing with the inner surface of described first framework to be connected,Described first drainage screen is positioned at the right side of described first through hole,Described first spring is provided with two,Described first spring is horizontal,The left end of described first spring is fixing with the right surface of described first drainage screen to be connected,The right-hand member of described first spring leans with described first that the left surface of block is fixing to be connected,Described first to lean block be cuboid,Described first leans block vertically places,Described first leans block acts against on the left surface of described first sponge block,Described first sponge block is hemispherical,The right surface of described first sponge block is fixing with the inner surface of described first framework to be connected,Described first sponge block is positioned at the left side of described second through hole,Described third through-hole is positioned at the top of described first sponge block.
  4. null4. efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device according to claim 3,It is characterized in that: described second framework is hollow cylinder,Described second framework is vertically placed,One end of described 3rd pipeline is directed at described second through hole and fixing with the outer surface of described first framework is connected,The other end of described 3rd pipeline runs through the upper surface of described second framework and extends to the inside of described second framework,Described 3rd pipeline is fixing with described second framework to be connected,Described locating ring is cross section is the cylinder of annulus,Described locating ring is vertically placed,The outer surface of described locating ring is fixing with the inner surface of described second framework to be connected,The upper end of described mobile post is cone,The lower end of described mobile post is cylinder,Described mobile post is positioned at the lower section of described 3rd pipeline,The outer surface of described mobile post and the inner surface of described locating ring are slidably connected,Described second drainage screen is cylinder,Described second drainage screen horizontal positioned,The side of described second drainage screen is fixing with the inner surface of described second framework to be connected,Described second spring is provided with two,Described second spring is vertically placed,The upper end of described second spring is fixing with the lower surface of described mobile post to be connected,The lower end of described second spring is fixing with the upper surface of described second drainage screen to be connected.
  5. null5. efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device according to claim 4,It is characterized in that: described 3rd framework is hollow round table-like,The upper surface of described 3rd framework is fixing with the lower surface of described second framework to be connected,Described 4th framework is hollow cylinder,Described 4th framework is vertically placed,The upper surface of described 4th framework is fixing with the lower surface of described 3rd framework to be connected,The lower surface of described 4th framework is provided with fifth hole,Described first support is provided with two and lays respectively at the left and right sides of described 3rd framework,Described first support is L-shaped,One end of described first support is fixing with the side of described second framework to be connected,The other end of described first support is fixing with described 3rd framework to be connected,Described 3rd drainage screen is cylinder,Described 3rd drainage screen horizontal positioned,The side of described 3rd drainage screen is fixing with the inner surface of described 3rd framework to be connected,The lower surface of described second framework is fixing with the upper surface of described 3rd drainage screen to be connected,Described 3rd spring is provided with two,Described 3rd spring is vertical shape,The upper end of described 3rd spring is fixing with the lower surface of described 3rd drainage screen to be connected,The lower end of described 3rd spring is fixing with described plugging block to be connected,Described plugging block is hemispherical,Described plugging block acts against on the inner surface of described 3rd framework.
  6. 6. efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the upper end of described first brace is fixing with the lower surface of described plugging block to be connected, the lower end of described first brace acts against on the inner surface of described 4th framework and is slidably connected with it, the lower end of described first brace is provided with the first groove, described 4th spring is provided with two, described 4th spring is vertical shape, the lower end of described 4th spring is fixing with the inner surface of described 4th framework to be connected, the upper end of described 4th spring is fixing with described first brace to be connected, the described 5th inclined shape of spring, the upper end of described 5th spring is fixing with the first brace to be connected, the lower end of described 5th spring is fixing with described blocking ball to be connected, described blocking ball is spherical, described blocking ball is positioned at the top of described fifth hole.
  7. 7. efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described connecting tube is L-shaped, the upper end of described connecting tube is directed at described fifth hole and fixing with the lower surface of described 4th framework is connected, the described second inclined shape of brace, the upper end of described second brace is fixing with the left surface of described 4th framework to be connected, described second support is L-shaped, one end of described second support is fixing with the left surface of described 4th framework to be connected, and the other end of described second support is vertical shape.
  8. null8. efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device according to claim 7,It is characterized in that: described 5th framework is hollow cuboid,Described 5th framework horizontal positioned,Described 5th framework is provided with the clematis stem hole on its right surface and is positioned at the 7th through hole of its lower surface,The left end of described connecting tube is directed at described clematis stem hole and fixing with the right surface of described 5th framework is connected,The lower end of described second brace and the second support is fixing with the upper surface of described 5th framework to be connected,Described discharge pipe is vertical shape,The upper end of described discharge pipe is directed at described 7th through hole and fixing with the lower surface of described 5th framework is connected,Described second sponge block is cuboid,The right surface of described second sponge block is fixing with the inner surface of described 5th framework to be connected,Described second sponge block is positioned at the left side in described clematis stem hole,Described 4th drainage screen is cuboid,Described 4th drainage screen is vertically placed,The left surface of described second sponge block is fixing with the right surface of described 4th drainage screen to be connected,The side of described 4th drainage screen and the inner surface of described 5th framework are slidably connected.
  9. 9. efficient metallurgical electric furnace smoke-discharging dust-eliminating device according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described 5th drainage screen is cuboid, described 5th drainage screen is vertically placed, the side of described 5th drainage screen is fixing with the inner surface of described 5th framework to be connected, described 6th spring is provided with two, described 6th spring is horizontal, the right-hand member of described 6th spring is fixing with the left surface of described 4th drainage screen to be connected, the left end of described 6th spring is fixing with the right surface of described 5th drainage screen to be connected, described baffle plate is cuboid, described baffle plate is vertically placed, the side of described baffle plate is fixing with the inner surface of described 5th framework to be connected, described heat radiation frame is hollow cuboid, the left surface of described heat radiation frame is fixing with the inner surface of described 5th framework to be connected.
CN201610239578.1A 2016-04-15 2016-04-15 Efficient smoke exhaust and dust removal device of electric metallurgical furnace Pending CN105749646A (en)

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CN105311919A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-02-10 张萍 Electric wire burning gas purification treatment device
CN105477944A (en) * 2016-01-21 2016-04-13 金思思 Air purifying device facilitating clearing of dust
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CN104971557A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-10-14 黄斌 Purifier capable of effectively reducing solid particles in air
CN105311919A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-02-10 张萍 Electric wire burning gas purification treatment device
CN105477944A (en) * 2016-01-21 2016-04-13 金思思 Air purifying device facilitating clearing of dust
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Application publication date: 20160713