CN105746472A - High-ground-clearance multifunctional plant protection machine - Google Patents

High-ground-clearance multifunctional plant protection machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105746472A
CN105746472A CN201610135257.7A CN201610135257A CN105746472A CN 105746472 A CN105746472 A CN 105746472A CN 201610135257 A CN201610135257 A CN 201610135257A CN 105746472 A CN105746472 A CN 105746472A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plant protection
supporting leg
double
supporting
vehicle frame
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610135257.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105746472B (en
Inventor
蒋蘋
石毅新
郭宇翔
胡文武
陈文凯
魏刚
Original Assignee
湖南农业大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 湖南农业大学 filed Critical 湖南农业大学
Priority to CN201610135257.7A priority Critical patent/CN105746472B/en
Publication of CN105746472A publication Critical patent/CN105746472A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105746472B publication Critical patent/CN105746472B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • A01M7/0032Pressure sprayers
    • A01M7/0042Field sprayers, e.g. self-propelled, drawn or tractor-mounted
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C17/00Fertilisers or seeders with centrifugal wheels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0089Regulating or controlling systems

Abstract

The invention provides a high-ground-clearance multifunctional plant protection machine. The high-ground-clearance multifunctional plant protection machine comprises a frame, a supporting leg which is mounted on the frame along the inclined direction of 45 degrees, and a walking system connected with the supporting leg, wherein the supporting leg comprises a double-parallelogram mechanism connected with the frame, a supporting box body hinged to the end part of the double-parallelogram mechanism, and a supporting stand column connected with the supporting box body; the supporting stand column is connected with the walking system; the double-parallelogram mechanism is driven by a hydraulic oil cylinder; when the oil cylinder is retracted, a connection end of the supporting box body of the double-parallelogram mechanism moves upwards; the whole supporting leg is retracted towards the frame along the inclined direction of 45 degrees; meanwhile, the wheel distance of the machine is reduced and the shaft distance is reduced; when the oil cylinder stretches, the connection end of the supporting box body of the double-parallelogram mechanism moves downwards; and when a rod part of the mechanism is prone to be a horizontal state, the oil cylinder stretches to the maximum position; and meanwhile, the wheel distance of the machine and the shaft distance are in a maximum-value state. The high-ground-clearance multifunctional plant protection machine has the advantages of compact structure, complete functions, stable working, wide applicable range, strong cruising ability, convenience in operation and high working efficiency.

Description

A kind of high-clearance equipment for plant protection
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery, especially a kind of high-clearance equipment for plant protection.
Background technology
At present, on crop pest control, application equipment is based on Mini-Machine in China, and manual index machinery is occupied an leading position, and motor-driven equipment for plant protection is popularized less.The formulation rate of manual equipment for plant protection is big, and uneven, not precisely, causes most crops pesticide residues index exceeding standards at present, has a strong impact on crop and sell and people's lives food safety.And the large-scale equipment for plant protection of the existing research of China to be primarily adapted for use in farm working on farm land be main, be directed to paddy field, south on operation effectiveness and working performance, all there is bigger problem.
Therefore; promote reasonable and safe dispenser idea; promote peasant to produce high-quality, safe and healthy crops eat for consumer; development of new high-clearance Multifunctional plant protection machinery is for peasant; reduce formulation rate; prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control cost and dispenser impact on ecological environment is greatly lowered; to improving crop pest control technique in using agriculture chemical level, increase crop yield, improve agricultural product quality and safety, ensureing people's health and promote China's modern agricultural production sustainable development, tool is of great significance.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides the high-clearance equipment for plant protection of a kind of working stability, wide accommodation, simple operation.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of high-clearance equipment for plant protection, including vehicle frame, it is installed on the supporting leg on vehicle frame along oblique 45 degree of directions, and the running gear being connected with supporting leg, supporting leg includes the double, two parallel-crank mechanisms being connected with vehicle frame, what be articulated with double, two parallel-crank mechanism end turns to supporting box, with the supporting leg column turning to supporting box to be connected, supporting leg column connects running gear, double, two parallel-crank mechanisms are driven by hydraulic jack, when oil cylinder shrinks, double, two parallel-crank mechanisms turn to supporting box link up, whole supporting leg shrinks along oblique 45 degree of directions towards vehicle frame, now facility wheelspan reduces, wheelbase reduces;Oil cylinder stretch time, double; two parallel-crank mechanisms turn to supporting box end descending, when mechanism's rod member tends to level, oil cylinder extends to maximum position, and facility wheelspan now, wheelbase are in maximum state.
Preferably, supporting leg column connects a middle steering drive axle, and middle steering drive axle connects steering motor, and steering motor realizes turning to of running gear by middle steering drive axle, supporting leg column.
Preferably, vehicle frame upper end is provided with dynamical system, and dynamical system is oil-engine driven full hydraulic system.
Preferably, vehicle frame upper end is provided with control operating platform, is used for controlling work in every and each action of overall facility for driver.
Preferably, vehicle frame upper end is provided with fertilization system, including fertilizing box and screw feeding dish, the granular organic fertilizer uniform broadcasting in fertilizing box is gone out by screw feeding dish, completes fertilising operation.
Preferably, vehicle frame upper end is provided with pesticide spraying system, including medicine-chest, delivery system, spray rod system, spray rod system is folded in three formula, the each two side spray bars in left and right, both sides spray boom utilizes and is hingedly connected on middle spray boom, and adopts the stretching, extension that Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder realizes spray boom to fold.
Preferably, middle spray boom is connected to two upper rails in left and right, makes spray rod system along lower guideway voluntarily according to plant height, can adjust spray boom height.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
High-clearance equipment for plant protection can pass through leg system, it is achieved the wheelspan of facility, wheelbase numerical value change simultaneously, are adjusted by wheelspan, to realize facility conversion between Different Crop line space;While wheelspan change, double; two parallel-crank mechanisms of supporting leg can make the wheelbase of facility that correspondence change occurs, and namely wheelspan increases, and wheelbase also increases, thus ensureing the facility stability in the large in different wheelspan situations.
High-clearance equipment for plant protection has high-clearance, and can according to crop growth stage and growing way, and from Row sum-equal matrix, minimum ground clearance arbitrarily can adjust between 1.1-1.6m.
High-clearance equipment for plant protection integrates the spray plant protection project such as medicine, fertilising, and can simultaneously operation, it may be achieved a tractor serves several purposes, improves efficiency, reduction cost.
In sum, present configuration is compact, multiple functional, working stability, wide accommodation, and flying power is strong, simple operation, and working performance is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the supporting leg front view of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the supporting leg rearview of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the complete machine front view of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the complete machine left view of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the complete machine shaft side figure of the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and example, the present invention will be further described.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 2, high-clearance equipment for plant protection supporting leg by wheel 1, drive motor 2, supporting leg column 3, turn to supporting box 4, intermediate support plate 5, middle steering drive axle 6, steering motor ring flange 7, turn to the structures such as side plate 8, steering motor 9, oil cylinder connecting rod 10, double; two parallel-crank mechanism 11, oil cylinder supporting seat 12, gripper shoe 13 to form outward.
High-clearance equipment for plant protection supporting leg can realize walking, supports, turns to, the function such as wheelbase, wheelspan adjustment.Complete machine is because adopting all-hydraulic output, and therefore supporting leg wheel running gear, by driving motor 2 direct drive of wheel 1, it is achieved facility are normally walked and operation walking.Supporting leg column 3 lower end and running gear are rigidly connected, and upper end is connected with turning to supporting box 4 spline, turn to supporting box 4 hinged with double; two parallel-crank mechanisms 11, it is achieved the support to overall facility simultaneously.Steering motor 9 is bolted on steering motor ring flange 7, and utilizes middle steering drive axle 6, supporting leg column 3 to realize the transmission of steering moment.Wheelspan, wheelbase adjustment drive double; two parallel-crank mechanism 11 to realize work mainly through hydraulic jack 17, and double; two parallel-crank mechanism 11 two ends are connected on vehicle frame and supporting box;When hydraulic jack 17 shrinks, the support case link of double; two parallel-crank mechanisms is up, and whole supporting leg, along oblique 45 degree of directions, shrinks towards vehicle frame, and now facility wheelspan reduces, and wheelbase reduces;When hydraulic jack 17 stretches, double; two parallel-crank mechanism supporting box ends are descending, and when mechanism's rod member tends to level, oil cylinder extends to maximum position, and facility wheelspan now, wheelbase are in maximum state.
High-clearance Multifunctional plant protection locomotive frame upper end is mainly provided with dynamical system 19, controls the structures such as operating platform 20, seat 21, fertilizing box 22, screw feeding dish 23, medicine-chest 24, side spray boom 25.Dynamical system 19 is oil-engine driven full hydraulic system, provides power resources for overall facility;Driver can pass through to control operating platform 20 and control work in every and each action of overall facility;Screw feeding dish is passed through in the fertilising operation of fog machine, and by the granular organic fertilizer in fertilizing box, uniform broadcasting is gone out, and completes fertilising operation.
The medicine-chest 24 of high-clearance Multifunctional plant protection locomotive frame tail end, delivery system 28, spray rod system etc. combine and can complete spray medicine operation; and spray boom is folded in three formula; the each two side spray booms 25 in left and right; both sides spray boom utilizes and is hingedly connected on middle spray boom 27; and adopting the stretching, extension that Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder realizes spray boom to fold, middle spray boom 27 is connected to two upper rails 26 in left and right, makes the spray rod system can along lower guideway 30; voluntarily according to plant height, adjust spray boom height;Middle spray boom is directly arranged in vehicle frame tail end, to avoid the structures such as supporting leg for the interference of herbal sprinkling;Three sections of spray booms all can realize individually essence amount by valve and delivery system 28 and spray control.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
High-clearance equipment for plant protection can pass through leg system, it is achieved the wheelspan of facility, wheelbase numerical value change simultaneously, are adjusted by wheelspan, to realize facility conversion between Different Crop line space;While wheelspan change, double; two parallel-crank mechanisms of supporting leg can make the wheelbase of facility that correspondence change occurs, and namely wheelspan increases, and wheelbase also increases, thus ensureing the facility stability in the large in different wheelspan situations.
High-clearance equipment for plant protection has high-clearance, and can according to crop growth stage and growing way, and from Row sum-equal matrix, minimum ground clearance arbitrarily can adjust between 1.1-1.6m.
High-clearance equipment for plant protection integrates the spray plant protection project such as medicine, fertilising, and can simultaneously operation, it may be achieved a tractor serves several purposes, improves efficiency, reduction cost.
In sum, present configuration is compact, multiple functional, working stability, wide accommodation, and flying power is strong, simple operation, and working performance is high.

Claims (7)

1. a high-clearance equipment for plant protection, it is characterized in that, including vehicle frame, it is installed on the supporting leg on vehicle frame along oblique 45 degree of directions, and the running gear being connected with supporting leg, supporting leg includes the double, two parallel-crank mechanisms being connected with vehicle frame, what be articulated with double, two parallel-crank mechanism end turns to supporting box, with the supporting leg column turning to supporting box to be connected, supporting leg column connects running gear, double, two parallel-crank mechanisms are driven by hydraulic jack, when oil cylinder shrinks, double, two parallel-crank mechanisms turn to supporting box link up, whole supporting leg shrinks along oblique 45 degree of directions towards vehicle frame, now facility wheelspan reduces, wheelbase reduces;Oil cylinder stretch time, double; two parallel-crank mechanisms turn to supporting box end descending, when mechanism's rod member tends to level, oil cylinder extends to maximum position, and facility wheelspan now, wheelbase are in maximum state.
2. high-clearance equipment for plant protection according to claim 1; it is characterized in that; supporting leg column connects a middle steering drive axle, and middle steering drive axle connects steering motor, and steering motor realizes turning to of running gear by middle steering drive axle, supporting leg column.
3. high-clearance equipment for plant protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that vehicle frame upper end is provided with dynamical system, dynamical system is oil-engine driven full hydraulic system.
4. high-clearance equipment for plant protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that vehicle frame upper end is provided with control operating platform, is used for controlling work in every and each action of overall facility for driver.
5. high-clearance equipment for plant protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that vehicle frame upper end is provided with fertilization system, including fertilizing box and screw feeding dish, is gone out the granular organic fertilizer uniform broadcasting in fertilizing box by screw feeding dish, completes fertilising operation.
6. high-clearance equipment for plant protection according to claim 1; it is characterized in that; vehicle frame upper end is provided with pesticide spraying system; including medicine-chest, delivery system, spray rod system; spray rod system is folded in three formula; the each two side spray bars in left and right, both sides spray boom utilizes and is hingedly connected on middle spray boom, and adopts the stretching, extension that Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder realizes spray boom to fold.
7. high-clearance equipment for plant protection according to claim 6, it is characterised in that middle spray boom is connected to two upper rails in left and right, makes spray rod system along lower guideway voluntarily according to plant height, can adjust spray boom height.
CN201610135257.7A 2016-03-10 2016-03-10 A kind of high-clearance equipment for plant protection Active CN105746472B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610135257.7A CN105746472B (en) 2016-03-10 2016-03-10 A kind of high-clearance equipment for plant protection

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610135257.7A CN105746472B (en) 2016-03-10 2016-03-10 A kind of high-clearance equipment for plant protection

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105746472A true CN105746472A (en) 2016-07-13
CN105746472B CN105746472B (en) 2018-06-29

Family

ID=56332887

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610135257.7A Active CN105746472B (en) 2016-03-10 2016-03-10 A kind of high-clearance equipment for plant protection

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105746472B (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106627752A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-05-10 湖南农业大学 Steering system for plant protection machine four-wheel independent drive chassis
CN106665541A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-05-17 湖南农业大学 High-ground-clearance full-hydraulic parameter adaptive multifunctional plant protection machine
CN107000528A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-08-01 深圳市大疆创新科技有限公司 Vehicle and its chassis structure
CN107161002A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-09-15 燕山大学 A kind of four-bar mechanism regulates and controls the ground gap adjustable sprayer chassis of wheelspan
WO2018090649A1 (en) * 2016-11-17 2018-05-24 江苏大学 Multi-ground-clearance self-steering mechanism

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BRPI0502378A (en) * 2004-06-15 2006-02-07 John Deere Fabriek Horst Bv Agricultural, forestry and horticulture machine
CN202528770U (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-11-14 洛阳市博马农业工程机械有限公司 Front axle device regulating ground-clearance and wheel tread of tractor
CN103121377A (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-05-29 现代农装科技股份有限公司 High ground clearance self-propelled chassis with adjustable wheel tread and wheel tread adjusting method of tractor
CN103802897A (en) * 2014-03-16 2014-05-21 吴志海 Full-hydraulic multifunctional integrated machine for applying pesticide and fertilizer to farmland
CN203633376U (en) * 2013-11-07 2014-06-11 石河子大学 Chassis for self-propelled boom sprayer with ultrahigh ground clearance
US20150034736A1 (en) * 2013-07-30 2015-02-05 Winfield Solutions, Llc High clearance adjustable sprayer
CN204322928U (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-05-13 许昌远方工贸有限公司 The stepless adjustable vehicle drive system of a kind of cross-country traveling ability, wheelspan
CN204634843U (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-16 刘军光 A kind of variable bracing frame of wheelspan from walking pesticide spray truck
CN205390134U (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-27 湖南农业大学 Multi -functional plant protection in highland crack machine

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BRPI0502378A (en) * 2004-06-15 2006-02-07 John Deere Fabriek Horst Bv Agricultural, forestry and horticulture machine
CN202528770U (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-11-14 洛阳市博马农业工程机械有限公司 Front axle device regulating ground-clearance and wheel tread of tractor
CN103121377A (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-05-29 现代农装科技股份有限公司 High ground clearance self-propelled chassis with adjustable wheel tread and wheel tread adjusting method of tractor
US20150034736A1 (en) * 2013-07-30 2015-02-05 Winfield Solutions, Llc High clearance adjustable sprayer
CN203633376U (en) * 2013-11-07 2014-06-11 石河子大学 Chassis for self-propelled boom sprayer with ultrahigh ground clearance
CN103802897A (en) * 2014-03-16 2014-05-21 吴志海 Full-hydraulic multifunctional integrated machine for applying pesticide and fertilizer to farmland
CN204322928U (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-05-13 许昌远方工贸有限公司 The stepless adjustable vehicle drive system of a kind of cross-country traveling ability, wheelspan
CN204634843U (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-16 刘军光 A kind of variable bracing frame of wheelspan from walking pesticide spray truck
CN205390134U (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-27 湖南农业大学 Multi -functional plant protection in highland crack machine

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018090649A1 (en) * 2016-11-17 2018-05-24 江苏大学 Multi-ground-clearance self-steering mechanism
GB2571670A (en) * 2016-11-17 2019-09-04 Univ Jiangsu Multi-ground-clearance self-steering mechanism
WO2018129643A1 (en) * 2017-01-10 2018-07-19 深圳市大疆创新科技有限公司 Vehicle and chassis structure thereof
CN107000528A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-08-01 深圳市大疆创新科技有限公司 Vehicle and its chassis structure
CN106665541B (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-11-03 湖南农业大学 A kind of all-hydraulic parameter adaptive equipment for plant protection of high-clearance
CN106627752B (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-12-01 湖南农业大学 Steering for fog machine four motorized wheels chassis
CN106627752A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-05-10 湖南农业大学 Steering system for plant protection machine four-wheel independent drive chassis
CN106665541A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-05-17 湖南农业大学 High-ground-clearance full-hydraulic parameter adaptive multifunctional plant protection machine
CN107161002A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-09-15 燕山大学 A kind of four-bar mechanism regulates and controls the ground gap adjustable sprayer chassis of wheelspan

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105746472B (en) 2018-06-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4683969A (en) Dimensionally-adjustable straddle-type crop-working vehicle
CN201709101U (en) Crawler-type small scale multi-functional chassis for crops relay intercropping
CN103329878B (en) New-concept intelligent multifunctional spaying machine chassis
DE102014104417B3 (en) Soil cultivation device with harrow or leveling device
CN102668758A (en) Travelling type automatic multifunctional field operation machine
CN103144539B (en) Four-wheel-drive bow-type steering multipurpose tractor
DE10346818A1 (en) Self-propelled mower for green fodder has at least two front mower units, two additional units being mounted on telescopic, swiveling arms on section of vehicle between front and rear axles
CN204090854U (en) A kind of directed chemical sprayer
CN207151125U (en) A kind of agricultural fertilizer pesticide applying vehicle suitable for complicated landform
CN201781887U (en) Self-propelled high-clearance spray-lance spraying machine
CN204634300U (en) A kind of self-propelled remote-control wheat machine for covering mulch film, fertilizing
CN103802897B (en) A kind of full-hydraulic multifunctional farmland dispenser fertilization all-in-one machine
CN103004313B (en) Full hydraulically-driven two-dimensional translational elevating agricultural frame
CN203985727U (en) High for a kind of agricultural chemicals, liquid manure spreader, width automatic adjustable sprays medicine bracing frame
CN104070958B (en) A kind of vehicle chassis arrangement for adjusting height and apply the vehicle of this device
CN203801554U (en) High-ground-clearance track type multifunctional plant protector
CN204191111U (en) Adjusting ground clearance four-wheel-drive bow-type field management power platform
CN2884827Y (en) Girder supported agricultural working machine
CN109221062A (en) A kind of self-propelled double rod lifting multi-angle sprinkling Insecticide sprayer
CN104813903A (en) Saline-alkali soil movable spray irrigating machine
CN105746474A (en) Four-wheel-drive pesticide mist spray vehicle
CN203194380U (en) Self-walking adjustable boom sprayer
CN203633376U (en) Chassis for self-propelled boom sprayer with ultrahigh ground clearance
CN203985726U (en) A kind of agricultural chemicals, liquid fertilizer height and width automatic adjustable spraying machine
CN201957442U (en) Self-propelled grapes special spray machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant