CN105715519A - Fan system utilizing latent heat of vaporization to achieve pressurization - Google Patents

Fan system utilizing latent heat of vaporization to achieve pressurization Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105715519A
CN105715519A CN201610071873.0A CN201610071873A CN105715519A CN 105715519 A CN105715519 A CN 105715519A CN 201610071873 A CN201610071873 A CN 201610071873A CN 105715519 A CN105715519 A CN 105715519A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
vaporization
fan
fluid
centrifugal fan
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610071873.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
娄伟
娄山
Original Assignee
娄伟
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 娄伟 filed Critical 娄伟
Priority to CN201610071873.0A priority Critical patent/CN105715519A/en
Publication of CN105715519A publication Critical patent/CN105715519A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B41/00Pumping installations or systems specially adapted for elastic fluids
    • F04B41/06Combinations of two or more pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D25/00Pumping installations or systems
    • F04D25/16Combinations of two or more pumps Producing two or more separate gas flows
    • F04D25/166Combinations of two or more pumps Producing two or more separate gas flows using fans
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/58Cooling; Heating; Diminishing heat transfer
    • F04D29/582Cooling; Heating; Diminishing heat transfer specially adapted for elastic fluid pumps
    • F04D29/5826Cooling at least part of the working fluid in a heat exchanger
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/70Suction grids; Strainers; Dust separation; Cleaning
    • F04D29/701Suction grids; Strainers; Dust separation; Cleaning especially adapted for elastic fluid pumps
    • F04D29/703Suction grids; Strainers; Dust separation; Cleaning especially adapted for elastic fluid pumps specially for fans, e.g. fan guards
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/70Suction grids; Strainers; Dust separation; Cleaning
    • F04D29/701Suction grids; Strainers; Dust separation; Cleaning especially adapted for elastic fluid pumps
    • F04D29/705Adding liquids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04FPUMPING OF FLUID BY DIRECT CONTACT OF ANOTHER FLUID OR BY USING INERTIA OF FLUID TO BE PUMPED; SIPHONS
    • F04F5/00Jet pumps, i.e. devices in which flow is induced by pressure drop caused by velocity of another fluid flow
    • F04F5/54Installations characterised by use of jet pumps, e.g. combinations of two or more jet pumps of different type

Abstract

The invention discloses a fan system utilizing latent heat of vaporization to achieve pressurization. The fan system comprises a low-temperature saturated air stream system and a high-temperature saturated air stream system, wherein the low-temperature saturated air stream system comprises a first air handling unit, a first centrifugal fan and multistage compressed air ducts; and the high-temperature saturated air stream system comprises a second air handling unit and a second centrifugal fan. The fan system has the advantage that the defects that the working efficiency is low and the air stream flow is hard to increase due to volume loss of a traditional fan are solved; the generation form of tornados in nature is imitated, when cold saturated air and hot saturated air are mixed, few vaporized water molecules are excluded out of the air, and the latent heat of vaporization is released; and the air is driven to flow through utilizing the energy of the latent heat of vaporization, and the energy of the latent heat of vaporization is obtained step by step, so that the fan efficiency is greatly improved, and the air flow velocity at outlets is increased.

Description

Utilize the blower fan system that the latent heat of vaporization is pressurizeed

Technical field

The present invention relates to blower fan system, especially relate to the blower fan system utilizing the latent heat of vaporization to pressurize.

Background technology

Current existing blower fan is to utilize the mode of machinery to make the air fluid in body obtain energy.For the most frequently used centrifugal fan, its main structural components is impeller and casing.Impeller in casing is installed in the rotating shaft dragged by prime mover, and when prime mover driven impeller rotates, the air fluid in casing just can obtain energy.Adopting above-mentioned mechanical system to make air obtain energy Flow mode, will necessarily there is the wind loss that air produces when flowing through casing and the mechanical friction loss of blower fan itself in air fluid while obtaining energy in casing;Meanwhile, structurally necessarily have between moving component and fixing parts during impeller work and there is gap, make air fluid from higher-pressure region by slot leakage to low-pressure area.Traditional above-mentioned blower fan, owing to being subject to the reason restrictions such as volumetric loss, is difficult to produce the air-flow of ultrahigh speed flowing, causes that blower fan work is inefficient, and air fluid design discharge is difficult to improve.

Summary of the invention

Present invention aim at providing a kind of blower fan system utilizing the latent heat of vaporization to pressurize.

For achieving the above object, the present invention takes following technical proposals:

The blower fan system utilizing the latent heat of vaporization to pressurize of the present invention, is made up of low temperature saturated air fluid system and high temperature saturated air fluid system;

Described low temperature saturated air fluid system includes the first air-treatment unit, the first centrifugal fan, multi-stage compression air channel;Described first air-treatment unit includes the first casing, is disposed on the adjustment valve of its inner chamber, filter, spray chamber, water fender from described first shell air inlet to air outlet;It is provided with high-pressure atomizing humidifier in described spray chamber;First shell air outlet is by pipeline and the connection of the first centrifugal fan air inlet, and the first centrifugal fan air outlet, plenum chamber air outlet are connected with multi-stage compression air channel;The air outlet of compressed air passages at different levels is connected mutually each through the air inlet of tubaeform collapsible tube with next stage compressed air passage;

Described high temperature saturated air fluid system includes the second air-treatment unit and the second centrifugal fan;Described second air-treatment unit includes the second casing, is disposed on the adjustment valve of its inner chamber, filter, heat exchanger, spray chamber, water fender from described second shell air inlet to air outlet;Being provided with high-pressure atomizing humidifier in described spray chamber, described high-pressure atomizing humidifier connects with external thermal source;Second shell air outlet is connected with described second centrifugal fan air inlet by pipeline, second centrifugal fan air outlet is communicated with hot blast conveying pipe road, described hot blast conveying pipe road has been respectively communicated with multiple branch pipe(tube), each branch pipe(tube) air outlet is mounted on each branch pipe(tube) by monolithic processor controlled motorized adjustment air-valve before being separately mounted to the loudspeaker contraction mouth of pipe of above-mentioned compressed air passage;Described plenum chamber connects with a corresponding branch pipe(tube) respectively with multi-stage compression air channel.

Being mounted on wind pressure sensor in compressed air passage every grade described, the signal output part of described each wind pressure sensor is connected with the signal input part of described single-chip microcomputer respectively.

The invention has the advantages that and solve that conventional fan is subject to inefficiency that the reasons such as volumetric loss cause, air fluid flow is difficult to the deficiency that improves.By the form that imitative nature tornado produces, have a small amount of vaporization hydrone by hot and cold different saturated air when being mixed be expelled from outside air and discharge the latent heat of vaporization, the energy utilizing the latent heat of vaporization promotes air flowing and obtains the energy mode of the latent heat of vaporization step by step, thus substantially increasing the efficiency of blower fan and the air-flow velocity at air outlet place.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention

As it is shown in figure 1, the blower fan system utilizing the latent heat of vaporization to pressurize of the present invention, it is made up of low temperature saturated air fluid system and high temperature saturated air fluid system.

Low temperature saturated air fluid system includes the first air-treatment unit and the first centrifugal fan 1;First air-treatment unit, by the first casing 2, is disposed on first volume damper the 3, first filter the 4, first spray chamber the 5, first water fender 6 of its inner chamber from the first casing 2 air inlet to air outlet;Being provided with the first high-pressure atomizing humidifier 7 in first spray chamber 5, the water inlet of the first high-pressure atomizing humidifier 7 is connected with external water source by water pump 8;First casing 2 air outlet is by pipeline and the connection of the first centrifugal fan 1 air inlet, first centrifugal fan 1 air outlet connects with plenum chamber 9, plenum chamber 9 air outlet is connected with multi-staged air fluid compression air channel by collapsible tube 10, and the present embodiment elects three grades of air fluid compressed air passages 11,12,13 as;The air outlet of air fluid compressed air passages at different levels is connected mutually each through the air inlet of tubaeform collapsible tube 14 with next stage air fluid compressed air passage, being mounted on wind pressure sensor 15 in every grade of air fluid compressed air passage, the signal output part of each wind pressure sensor 15 is connected with the signal input part of single-chip microcomputer respectively;

High temperature saturated air fluid system includes the second air-treatment unit and the second centrifugal fan 16;Second air-treatment unit includes the second casing 17, is disposed on the second of its inner chamber from the second casing 17 air inlet to air outlet and regulates valve the 18, second filter 19, heat exchanger the 20, second spray chamber the 21, second water fender 22;Being provided with the second high-pressure atomizing humidifier 23 in second spray chamber 21, the nozzle of the second high-pressure atomizing humidifier 23 is arranged towards the second casing 17 air inlet direction, and the water inlet of the second high-pressure atomizing humidifier 23 is connected with external thermal water source by heat-exchanger pump 24;Second casing 17 air outlet is by pipeline and the connection of the second centrifugal fan 16 air inlet, second centrifugal fan 16 air outlet is communicated with hot blast conveying pipe road 25, hot blast conveying pipe road has been respectively communicated with multiple branch pipe(tube), and the present embodiment elects four branch pipe(tube)s 26,27,28,29 as;Each branch pipe(tube) is mounted on by monolithic processor controlled motorized adjustment air-valve 30;Plenum chamber 9 is connected with branch pipe(tube) 26, and main air fluid compression air channel 11 is connected with branch pipe(tube) 27, and secondary air fluid compression air channel 12 is connected with branch pipe(tube) 28, and three grades of air fluid compressed air passages 13 are connected with branch pipe(tube) 29;The air outlet of each branch pipe(tube) is and arranges towards the air-flow direction in low temperature saturated air fluid system.

Operation principle of the present invention is summarized as follows:

First centrifugal fan is the wet saturated air under room temperature, title low temperature saturated air (relative humidity 100%) herein below.Second centrifugal fan is high temperature saturated air (relative humidity 100%).

During work, first centrifugal fan 1, second centrifugal fan 16 is opened, outside air enters in the first air-treatment unit by the first volume damper 3, the tap water water smoke ejected by the first high-pressure atomizing humidifier 7 in the first spray chamber 5 after the first filter 4 filters humidifies into low temperature saturated air, the first centrifugal fan 1 is entered through the first water fender 6, low temperature saturated air is pressed in plenum chamber 9 by the first centrifugal fan 1, a constant static-pressure is remained in plenum chamber 9, high humidity low temperature saturated air fluid is made slowly to flow through collapsible tube 10 and be compressed, static pressure becomes dynamic pressure and enters at a high speed in main air cryogen compressed air passage 11;While flowing through collapsible tube 10, the resistance of low temperature saturated air fluid and collapsible tube 10 wall strengthens, static pressure is greatly lowered, the branch pipe(tube) 26 now communicated with plenum chamber 9 ejects high temperature saturated air fluid and enters in plenum chamber 9, hot and cold saturated air fluid mixing makes thermal current temperature reduction, cause that the vaporization hydrone comprised in part high temperature saturated air fluid is precipitated, the latent heat of vaporization discharged becomes static energy in air flow, supplements the static energy that low temperature saturated air fluid consumes with collapsible tube 10 wall.In main air fluid compression air channel 11, due to the static pressure of latent heat of vaporization conversion, static pressure in main air fluid compression air channel 11 is made progressively stably to increase.For ensureing the proper flow of air fluid in high temperature saturated air fluid system, the Static prestressed-pile of main air fluid compression air channel 11 end is at the static pressure lower than plenum chamber 9, pressure signal is gathered by the wind pressure sensor 15 being arranged in main air fluid compression air channel 11, by the open amount of adjusting air valve 30 electronic on Single-chip Controlling branch pipe(tube) 26, it is adjusted branch pipe(tube) 26 and flows to the high temperature saturated air flow of plenum chamber 9.

The air fluid in the main air fluid compression air channel 11 tubaeform collapsible tube 14 through its air outlet place enters in secondary air fluid compression air channel 12, compressed when air fluid flows through tubaeform collapsible tube 14, static pressure becomes dynamic pressure and enters at a high speed in secondary air fluid compression air channel 12, equally, air fluid is when by tubaeform collapsible tube 14, the resistance of air fluid and tubaeform collapsible tube 14 wall strengthens, static pressure is greatly lowered, the branch pipe(tube) 27 now communicated with main air fluid compression air channel 11 ejects high temperature saturated air fluid and enters in main air fluid compression air channel 11, cold, hot saturated air fluid mixing makes thermal current temperature reduction, cause that the vaporization hydrone comprised in part high temperature saturated air fluid is precipitated, the latent heat of vaporization discharged becomes static energy in air flow, supplement the static energy that air fluid consumes with tubaeform collapsible tube 14 wall.The Static prestressed-pile of secondary air fluid compression air channel 12 end is at 100 ± 20Pa lower than main air fluid compression air channel 11 terminal pressure, pressure signal is gathered by the wind pressure sensor being arranged in secondary air fluid compression air channel 12, by the open amount of adjusting air valve electronic on Single-chip Controlling branch pipe(tube) 27, it is adjusted branch pipe(tube) 27 and flows to the high temperature saturated air flow in main air fluid compression air channel 11.

The air fluid in the secondary air fluid compression air channel 12 tubaeform collapsible tube through its air outlet place enters in three grades of air fluid compressed air passages 13, compressed when air fluid flows through tubaeform collapsible tube, static pressure becomes dynamic pressure and enters at a high speed in three grades of air fluid compressed air passages 13, equally, air fluid is when by the tubaeform collapsible tube at its air outlet place, the resistance of air fluid and tubaeform collapsible tube wall strengthens, static pressure is greatly lowered, the branch pipe(tube) 28 now communicated with secondary air fluid compression air channel 12 ejects high temperature saturated air fluid and enters in secondary air fluid compression air channel 12, cold, hot saturated air fluid mixing makes thermal current temperature reduction, cause that the vaporization hydrone comprised in part high temperature saturated air fluid is precipitated, the latent heat of vaporization discharged becomes static energy in air flow, supplement the static energy that air fluid consumes with the tubaeform collapsible tube wall in air outlet place, secondary air fluid compression air channel 12.The Static prestressed-pile of three grades of air fluid compressed air passage 13 ends is lower than secondary air fluid compression air channel 12 terminal pressure, pressure signal is gathered by the wind pressure sensor being arranged in three grades of air fluid compressed air passages 13, by the open amount of adjusting air valve electronic on Single-chip Controlling branch pipe(tube) 28, it is adjusted branch pipe(tube) 28 and flows to the high temperature saturated air flow in secondary air fluid compression air channel 12.

Certainly, the present invention, according to designing requirement, also can arrange the multi-staged air fluid compression air channels such as level Four, Pyatyi, to obtain required wind speed.

The present invention can supplement the on-way resistance in air fluid compressed air passage at different levels, compression port resistance by the latent heat of vaporization, and increase air-flow static pressure, air fluid is made to absorb the pressure energy that can be converted to by the latent heat of vaporization gradually through multi-staged air fluid compression air channel, until air fluid reaches the ultrahigh speed air-flow of designing requirement.

Claims (2)

1. the blower fan system utilizing the latent heat of vaporization to pressurize, it is characterised in that: it is made up of low temperature saturated air fluid system and high temperature saturated air fluid system;
Described low temperature saturated air fluid system includes the first air-treatment unit and the first centrifugal fan;Described first air-treatment unit includes the first casing, is disposed on the adjustment valve of its inner chamber, filter, spray chamber, water fender from described first shell air inlet to air outlet;It is provided with high-pressure atomizing humidifier in described spray chamber;First shell air outlet is by pipeline and the connection of the first centrifugal fan air inlet, and the first centrifugal fan air outlet connects with plenum chamber, and plenum chamber air outlet is connected with multi-stage compression air channel by collapsible tube;The air outlet of compressed air passages at different levels is connected mutually each through the air inlet of tubaeform collapsible tube with next stage compressed air passage;
Described high temperature saturated air fluid system includes the second air-treatment unit and the second centrifugal fan;Described second air-treatment unit includes the second casing, is disposed on the adjustment valve of its inner chamber, filter, heat exchanger, spray chamber, water fender from described second shell air inlet to air outlet;Being provided with high-pressure atomizing humidifier in described spray chamber, the water inlet of described high-pressure atomizing humidifier connects with external thermal source;Second shell air outlet is connected with described second centrifugal fan air inlet by pipeline, second centrifugal fan air outlet is communicated with hot blast conveying pipe road, described hot blast conveying pipe road has been respectively communicated with multiple branch pipe(tube), and described each branch pipe(tube) is mounted on by monolithic processor controlled motorized adjustment air-valve;Described plenum chamber connects with a corresponding branch pipe(tube) respectively with multi-stage compression air channel.
2. utilize the blower fan system that the latent heat of vaporization is pressurizeed according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: being mounted on wind pressure sensor in the compressed air passage every grade described, the signal output part of described each wind pressure sensor is connected with the signal input part of described single-chip microcomputer respectively.
CN201610071873.0A 2016-02-02 2016-02-02 Fan system utilizing latent heat of vaporization to achieve pressurization CN105715519A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102261708A (en) * 2011-06-10 2011-11-30 西安工程大学 Indirect-evaporative-cooling-based small and large environment energy-saving air conditioning system for spinning mill
CN102730779A (en) * 2012-07-24 2012-10-17 天津城市建设学院 Solar zero-liquid-discharge sea water desalting plant and method
CN104456792A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-03-25 西安工程大学 Large and small textile mill environment self-adaptation air conditioner with absorption refrigeration and evaporation cooling combined
CN104792065A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-07-22 上海伯涵热能科技有限公司 Heat pump system for heating drying medium and recovering waste heat in stepped mode
JP5778369B1 (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-16 隆逸 小林 Method for producing and using high-density air

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102261708A (en) * 2011-06-10 2011-11-30 西安工程大学 Indirect-evaporative-cooling-based small and large environment energy-saving air conditioning system for spinning mill
CN102730779A (en) * 2012-07-24 2012-10-17 天津城市建设学院 Solar zero-liquid-discharge sea water desalting plant and method
CN104456792A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-03-25 西安工程大学 Large and small textile mill environment self-adaptation air conditioner with absorption refrigeration and evaporation cooling combined
CN104792065A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-07-22 上海伯涵热能科技有限公司 Heat pump system for heating drying medium and recovering waste heat in stepped mode
JP5778369B1 (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-16 隆逸 小林 Method for producing and using high-density air

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Application publication date: 20160629