CN105709481A - Self-flushing water-saving irrigation water filter - Google Patents

Self-flushing water-saving irrigation water filter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105709481A
CN105709481A CN201610122068.6A CN201610122068A CN105709481A CN 105709481 A CN105709481 A CN 105709481A CN 201610122068 A CN201610122068 A CN 201610122068A CN 105709481 A CN105709481 A CN 105709481A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
pressure
communicates
hydraulic pump
chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610122068.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105709481B (en
Inventor
李永奇
李宁
李静
段疆凤
游丽荣
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture Yongqi Water Saving Equipment Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture Yongqi Water Saving Equipment Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture Yongqi Water Saving Equipment Science & Technology Development Co Ltd filed Critical Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture Yongqi Water Saving Equipment Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610122068.6A priority Critical patent/CN105709481B/en
Publication of CN105709481A publication Critical patent/CN105709481A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105709481B publication Critical patent/CN105709481B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/11Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor with bag, cage, hose, tube, sleeve or like filtering elements
    • B01D29/31Self-supporting filtering elements
    • B01D29/35Self-supporting filtering elements arranged for outward flow filtration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/60Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor integrally combined with devices for controlling the filtration
    • B01D29/606Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor integrally combined with devices for controlling the filtration by pressure measuring
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/62Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D29/64Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element
    • B01D29/6438Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element nozzles
    • B01D29/6446Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element nozzles with a rotary movement with respect to the filtering element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/62Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D29/66Regenerating the filter material in the filter by flushing, e.g. counter-current air-bumps

Abstract

The invention discloses a self-flushing water-saving irrigation water filter which comprises a shell (12), a water inlet (11), a water outlet (14) and a backwash drain outlet (15). A cylindrical filter screen (13) is arranged in the shell (12), a hollow pipe shaped central pipe (21) is arranged in the filter screen (13), two ends of the central pipe (21) are respectively connected to the water inlet (11) and the backwash drain outlet (15), the central pipe (21) is movable, 2-4 groups of water outlet nozzles (22) are arranged on the central pipe (21) and extend to the inner wall position of the filter screen (13) on the pipe wall of the central pipe (21) around the central pipe (21) in the mode of a parabola accuracy middle ray, and nozzle openings of the water outlet nozzles (22) are close to the inner wall of the filter screen (13) and are in axial elongated shapes. Compared with the prior art, the self-flushing water-saving irrigation water filter has a good self-cleaning effect, and a maintenance period of the filter can be greatly prolonged.

Description

From flushing water-saving irrigation water filter
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of filter, particularly a kind of from flushing water-saving irrigation water filter.
Background technology
Well strainer used by drip irrigation and spray irrigation in current water-saving agriculture, uses after date to be required for being carried out certain.Owing in field irrigation, usage frequency is very high, therefore mostly adopting the filter with backwashing function, mainly by current, screen cloth is carried out back flush, developing result is not good.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of self-cleaning effective from flushing water-saving irrigation water filter.
It is an object of the invention to be realized by following structure: include at least one housing (12), housing (12) is provided with water inlet (11), outlet (14) and sewage backwash mouth (15), water inlet (11), outlet (14) and sewage backwash mouth (15) are equipped with valve (4), it is characterized in that: in housing (12), be provided with the drainage screen (13) of cylindrical tubular, housing (12) is separated into inner chamber and stops up (16) and exocoel (17) by this drainage screen (13), and, described water inlet (11) and sewage backwash mouth (15) are arranged on the housing (12) at the cylindrical center axis both ends of drainage screen (13), the central canal (21) of hollow tubular it is provided with between water inlet (11) and sewage backwash mouth (15), the two ends of central canal (21) are connected to water inlet (11) and sewage backwash mouth (15) is upper and rotatable, central canal (21) is provided with 2-4 group faucet (22), this 2-4 group faucet (22) around central canal (21) on central canal (21) tube wall parabolically or radial line be stretched over drainage screen (13) inwall place, faucet (22) mouthpiece presses close to drainage screen (13) inwall and in axial strip.
Further, the present invention is preferably provided with automatic controller, this automatic controller comprises central controller CPU, central controller CPU is provided with several signal output parts and signal input part, stop up at described inner chamber in (16) and exocoel (17) and be equipped with at least one pressure transducer Q, and described pressure transducer Q is connected to the signal input part of central controller CPU, described water inlet (11), valve (4) on outlet (14) and sewage backwash mouth (15) is electromagnetic valve or electrodynamic valve, the signal output part controlling end connection central controller CPU of electromagnetic valve or electrodynamic valve.
Further, for being applicable to also can guarantee that the control plant running of the present invention away from the region of civil power, the present invention is preferably provided with electromotor (53) and accumulator, described central canal (21) is provided with the drive mechanism (51) linked with central canal (21), this drive mechanism (51) is connected with electromotor (53) rotor and drives electromotor (53) to work, and electromotor (53) electricity power is stored in accumulator.
Further, above-mentioned electromotor (53) is preferably generating/electric integral machine, it is provided with switching controller between electromotor (53) and accumulator, normal operation carries out generating electricity and being stored in accumulator by electric power as electromotor, then rotates as motor-driven central canal (21) when backwash.
Further, it is preferably provided with high-pressure water chamber (33) and high-pressure hydraulic pump (31), by being connected communicating pipe (32) between high-pressure water chamber (33) with high-pressure hydraulic pump (31), described high-pressure water chamber (33) stops up (16) and communicates with inner chamber, high-pressure hydraulic pump (31) communicates with exocoel (17), or described high-pressure water chamber (33) communicates with exocoel (17), high-pressure hydraulic pump (31) stops up (16) and communicates with inner chamber.High-pressure water chamber (33) can be arranged at housing (12) outward, it is possible to the inner chamber being arranged in housing (12) stops up in (16).
Compared with prior art, self-cleaning of the present invention is effective, can be greatly prolonged the maintenance period of filter.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of Figure 1A A section.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 3.
In figureShown in, 11 is water inlet, and 12 is housing, 13 is drainage screen, and 14 is outlet, and 15 is sewage backwash mouth, 16 stop up for inner chamber, and 17 is exocoel, manage centered by 21,22 is faucet, and 31 is high-pressure hydraulic pump, and 32 is communicating pipe, 33 is high-pressure water chamber, and 4 is valve, and 51 is drive mechanism, 52 is variator, and 53 is electromotor.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1: referenceFig. 1-2, for the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 1Figure, including housing 12, water inlet 11, outlet 14 and sewage backwash mouth 15, water inlet 11, outlet 14 and sewage backwash mouth 15 are equipped with valve 4, it is characterized in that: in housing 12, be provided with the drainage screen 13 of cylindrical tubular, housing 12 is separated into inner chamber and stops up 16 and exocoel 17 by this drainage screen 13, and, described water inlet 11 and sewage backwash mouth 15 are arranged on the housing 12 at cylindrical center axis both ends of drainage screen 13, the central canal 21 of hollow tubular it is provided with between water inlet 11 and sewage backwash mouth 15, the two ends of central canal 21 are connected on water inlet 11 and sewage backwash mouth 15 and rotatable, central canal 21 is provided with 2-4 group faucet 22, the present embodiment is provided with two groups, these two groups of faucets 22 around central canal 21 on central canal 21 tube wall parabolically or radial line be stretched over drainage screen 13 inwall place, faucet 22 mouthpiece presses close to drainage screen 13 inwall and in axial strip, drainage screen 13 and inwall maintain a certain distance, general 5-20 millimeter is advisable, described lonizing radiation can for cut or tangent with central canal 21 outer wall mutually.
Producing motive force during faucet 22 normal operation on the one hand promotes central canal 21 rotate and scan whole drainage screen 13 inwall, the current of ejection can effectively remove drainage screen 13 inwall, prevent or delay drainage screen 13 to block, then can produce suction during backwash and siphon away the dirt of drainage screen 13 inwall, to reach backwash effect.
Housing 12 is externally provided with high-pressure water chamber 33 and high-pressure hydraulic pump 31, and by being connected communicating pipe 32 between high-pressure water chamber 33 with high-pressure hydraulic pump 31, described high-pressure water chamber 33 stops up 16 with inner chamber and communicates, and high-pressure hydraulic pump 31 communicates with exocoel 17.
Certain described high-pressure water chamber 33 also can communicate with exocoel 17, and high-pressure hydraulic pump 31 stops up 16 with inner chamber and communicates, and during use, high-pressure hydraulic pump 31 directly extracts inner chamber and stops up the water of 16 and enter high-pressure water chamber 33, enters back into exocoel 17 by high-pressure water chamber 33 and carries out backwash.
Certainly, the inner chamber that high-pressure water chamber 33 may also set up in housing 12 stops up in 16.
The present embodiment is additionally provided with automatic controller, this automatic controller comprises central controller CPU, central controller CPU is provided with several signal output parts and signal input part, stop up at described inner chamber and 16 and exocoel 17 are equipped with at least one pressure transducer Q, and described pressure transducer Q is connected to the signal input part of central controller CPU, valve 4 on described water inlet 11, outlet 14 and sewage backwash mouth 15 is the signal output part controlling end connection central controller CPU of electromagnetic valve or electrodynamic valve, electromagnetic valve or electrodynamic valve.
In actual use, it is possible to arrange plural housing 12, by as a whole for plural housing 12 concurrent integration, one of them housing 12 carries out obtaining with water of backwash from the outlet 14 of another housing 12, it is ensured that the water yield of backwash and quality.
Embodiment 2: referenceFig. 3, for the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 2FigureCompared with embodiment 1, difference in this case is that: central canal 21 is provided with 3 groups of faucets 22, these 3 groups of faucets 22 around central canal 21 on central canal 21 tube wall parabolically shape be stretched over drainage screen 13 inwall place, faucet 22 mouthpiece presses close to drainage screen 13 inwall and in axial strip.
Embodiment 3: referenceFig. 3, for the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 2Figure, compared with embodiment 1, difference in this case is that: be provided with electromotor 53 and accumulator, described electromotor 53 is generating/electric integral machine, it is provided with switching controller between electromotor 53 and accumulator, described central canal 21 is provided with and the drive mechanism 51 of central canal 21 linkage, the drive mechanism 51 of the present embodiment is power transmission shaft, variator 52 it is additionally provided with between power transmission shaft and electromotor 53, this drive mechanism 51 is connected with electromotor 53 rotor by variator 52 and drives electromotor 53 to work, normal operation carries out generating electricity and being stored in accumulator by electric power as electromotor, then rotate as motor-driven central canal 21 when backwash.
Below being only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that above-mentioned preferred implementation is not construed as limitation of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention should be withClaimLimited range is as the criterion.For those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, it is also possible to make some improvements and modifications and also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. one kind from flushing water-saving irrigation water filter, including housing (12), water inlet (11), outlet (14) and sewage backwash mouth (15), water inlet (11), outlet (14) and sewage backwash mouth (15) are equipped with valve (4), it is characterized in that: in housing (12), be provided with the drainage screen (13) of cylindrical tubular, housing (12) is separated into inner chamber and stops up (16) and exocoel (17) by this drainage screen (13), and, described water inlet (11) and sewage backwash mouth (15) are arranged on the housing (12) at the cylindrical center axis both ends of drainage screen (13), the central canal (21) of hollow tubular it is provided with between water inlet (11) and sewage backwash mouth (15), the two ends of central canal (21) are connected to water inlet (11) and sewage backwash mouth (15) is upper and rotatable, central canal (21) is provided with 2-4 group faucet (22), this 2-4 group faucet (22) around central canal (21) on central canal (21) tube wall parabolically or radial line be stretched over drainage screen (13) inwall place, faucet (22) mouthpiece presses close to drainage screen (13) inwall and in axial strip.
2. according to claim 1 from flushing water-saving irrigation water filter, it is characterized in that: be provided with automatic controller, this automatic controller comprises central controller CPU, central controller CPU is provided with several signal output parts and signal input part, stop up at described inner chamber in (16) and exocoel (17) and be equipped with at least one pressure transducer Q, and described pressure transducer Q is connected to the signal input part of central controller CPU, described water inlet (11), valve (4) on outlet (14) and sewage backwash mouth (15) is electromagnetic valve or electrodynamic valve, the signal output part controlling end connection central controller CPU of electromagnetic valve or electrodynamic valve.
3. according to claim 1 and 2 from flushing water-saving irrigation water filter, it is characterized in that: be provided with electromotor (53) and accumulator, described central canal (21) is connected with electromotor (53) rotor and drives electromotor (53) to work.
4. according to claim 3 from flushing water-saving irrigation water filter, it is characterized in that: described electromotor (53) is generating/electric integral machine, it is provided with switching controller between electromotor (53) and accumulator, normal operation carries out generating electricity and being stored in accumulator by electric power as electromotor, then rotates as motor-driven central canal (21) when backwash.
5. according to claim 1 and 2 from flushing water-saving irrigation water filter, it is characterized in that: be provided with high-pressure water chamber (33) and high-pressure hydraulic pump (31), by being connected communicating pipe (32) between high-pressure water chamber (33) with high-pressure hydraulic pump (31), described high-pressure water chamber (33) stops up (16) and communicates with inner chamber, high-pressure hydraulic pump (31) communicates with exocoel (17), or described high-pressure water chamber (33) communicates with exocoel (17), high-pressure hydraulic pump (31) stops up (16) and communicates with inner chamber.
6. according to claim 3 from flushing water-saving irrigation water filter, it is characterized in that: be provided with high-pressure water chamber (33) and high-pressure hydraulic pump (31), by being connected communicating pipe (32) between high-pressure water chamber (33) with high-pressure hydraulic pump (31), described high-pressure water chamber (33) stops up (16) and communicates with inner chamber, high-pressure hydraulic pump (31) communicates with exocoel (17), or described high-pressure water chamber (33) communicates with exocoel (17), high-pressure hydraulic pump (31) stops up (16) and communicates with inner chamber.
7. according to claim 4 from flushing water-saving irrigation water filter, it is characterized in that: be provided with high-pressure water chamber (33) and high-pressure hydraulic pump (31), by being connected communicating pipe (32) between high-pressure water chamber (33) with high-pressure hydraulic pump (31), described high-pressure water chamber (33) stops up (16) and communicates with inner chamber, high-pressure hydraulic pump (31) communicates with exocoel (17), or described high-pressure water chamber (33) communicates with exocoel (17), high-pressure hydraulic pump (31) stops up (16) and communicates with inner chamber.
CN201610122068.6A 2016-03-03 2016-03-03 From flushing water-saving irrigation water filter Active CN105709481B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610122068.6A CN105709481B (en) 2016-03-03 2016-03-03 From flushing water-saving irrigation water filter

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610122068.6A CN105709481B (en) 2016-03-03 2016-03-03 From flushing water-saving irrigation water filter

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CN105709481B CN105709481B (en) 2017-06-27

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107930218A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-04-20 邵玉玲 A kind of flow-guiding structure, filter core and filtration apparatus

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2456775A1 (en) * 1974-11-30 1976-06-10 Espa Edelstahl Apparate Filter for liqs contg fibres - uses flow velocities and directions to prevent fibre deposition on sieve surface
CN101961572A (en) * 2010-09-11 2011-02-02 福建新大陆环保科技有限公司 Unpowered automatic cleaning laminated filter
CN202983391U (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-06-12 陈凤珠 Sucking-type blowdown filtering machine
CN203935674U (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-11-12 沙湾县国瑞机械制造有限公司 Filter
CN205391882U (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-07-27 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州永奇节水设备科技开发有限责任公司 From washing water conservation irrigation water filter

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2456775A1 (en) * 1974-11-30 1976-06-10 Espa Edelstahl Apparate Filter for liqs contg fibres - uses flow velocities and directions to prevent fibre deposition on sieve surface
CN101961572A (en) * 2010-09-11 2011-02-02 福建新大陆环保科技有限公司 Unpowered automatic cleaning laminated filter
CN202983391U (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-06-12 陈凤珠 Sucking-type blowdown filtering machine
CN203935674U (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-11-12 沙湾县国瑞机械制造有限公司 Filter
CN205391882U (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-07-27 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州永奇节水设备科技开发有限责任公司 From washing water conservation irrigation water filter

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107930218A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-04-20 邵玉玲 A kind of flow-guiding structure, filter core and filtration apparatus

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