CN105696741B - A kind of Shockproof brick - Google Patents

A kind of Shockproof brick Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105696741B
CN105696741B CN201610069418.7A CN201610069418A CN105696741B CN 105696741 B CN105696741 B CN 105696741B CN 201610069418 A CN201610069418 A CN 201610069418A CN 105696741 B CN105696741 B CN 105696741B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
brick
shockproof brick
shockproof
shell
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201610069418.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105696741A (en
Inventor
黄惠玲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Yiding New Building Materials Co., Ltd.
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Quanzhou Huianmin Commerce And Trade Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610069418.7A priority Critical patent/CN105696741B/en
Publication of CN105696741A publication Critical patent/CN105696741A/en
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Publication of CN105696741B publication Critical patent/CN105696741B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/92Protection against other undesired influences or dangers
    • E04B1/98Protection against other undesired influences or dangers against vibrations or shocks; against mechanical destruction, e.g. by air-raids

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of Shockproof brick, it is characterised in that the Shockproof brick is hole hollow brick, and the Shockproof brick is provided with a Baltimore groove, and the Baltimore groove is located at the middle part of Shockproof brick, and the groove is each parallel when each with Shockproof brick;The size of the Baltimore groove is:240mm × 115mm × 100mm, the size of the Shockproof brick is:500mm × 350mm × 250mm, the Shockproof brick is made up of stalk, shell, cement, flyash, quartz ball, marble powder, aluminium powder, bentonite, slag, gangue, chalky soil, lime, shale, clay, steel fibre, river sand, sawdust, epoxy resin.Shockproof brick of the present invention makes short time limit, energy consumption is small, tolerance is strong, compression strength is big.

Description

A kind of Shockproof brick
Technical field
The invention belongs to building material technical field, and in particular to a kind of Shockproof brick.
Background technology
American scientist and engineering scientist mark Ka Sipei once said that the earth seemed one big shake table in 1985, The building of different structure is tested on its different earthquake zone, what is had does not fall, and what is had collapses.The target of researcher, Seek to build the house that does not collapse and mitigate the purpose of calamity to reach.The statistics in its city is particularly from earthquake zone Show that the URBAN EARTHQUAKE seventies causes 90% house collapse, death accounts for more than 90%;The eighties is 80% house collapse, dead Number accounts for 80%;To the nineties, house collapse and dead ratio are 60%~70%, can also be lower.Though these statistics are Roughly, or even the destruction situation of the nineties of violent earthquake several times can not be reflected, but it can highlightedly react Antiseismic building and set The huge raising of meter and construction quality, receives the remarkable result that fourth mitigates injures and deaths and property loss really.
Chinese patent CN200910117099.2 discloses a kind of manufacture method of anti-seismic light wall body brick, is by shale (haydite accounts for 60%~70%, and shale accounts for 15%~20%, coal ore by a certain percentage for (clay), haydite, coal ore, sawdust powder Account for 7.5%~10%, sawdust powder accounts for 7.5%~10%) add water stir after carry out squeezing type and be pressed into cuboid fragment of brick, by length Cube fragment of brick is sintered kiln discharge at a temperature of 900 DEG C~1300 DEG C, and the invention has:Insulation, sound insulation, anti-seismic performance height etc. Advantage.But the invention fragment of brick needs to be fired, energy consumption is big, make long in time limit.
Chinese patent CN201210136754.0 discloses a kind of core shell structure high-strength anti-shock type baking-free ceramicite, its preparation side Method and its application, the haydite include kernel and the shell being wrapped in outside the kernel, consisting of according to following weight percentage Component:Building solid castoff 77.73%~86.73%;Foam ball 0.23%~0.43%;Portland cement 12.95% ~16.95%;Silicon powder 2.59%~3.39%;Compound organic bond 1.10%~1.50%;Wherein, the foam ball is made For kernel, remaining component makees shell, and the invention obtains building solid castoff and packaging waste fully as regenerated resources Utilization, the baking-free ceramicite that the building concrete that light weight, intensity are high, anti-seismic performance is strong gathers materials has been made, dirt is effectively reduced Dye, turns waste into wealth, while building cost is reduced, with high social value and economic value.But the invention product is built Material compression strength and tolerance are poor, influence using effect.
Therefore urgent need exploitation is a kind of makes the Shockproof brick that short time limit, energy consumption are small, tolerance is strong, compression strength is big, to solve Above mentioned problem.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned prior art defect, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of Shockproof brick, using high intensity matter The light material of amount is rationally processed, and efficiently solves above mentioned problem.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention takes following technical scheme:
A kind of Shockproof brick, is hole hollow brick, and Shockproof brick is located at the middle part of Shockproof brick provided with a Baltimore groove, Baltimore groove, Groove is each parallel when each with Shockproof brick;The size of Baltimore groove is:240mm × 115mm × 100mm, the size of Shockproof brick is: 500mm × 350mm × 250mm, Shockproof brick is by stalk, shell, cement, flyash, quartz ball, marble powder, aluminium powder, swelling Soil, slag, gangue, chalky soil, lime, shale, clay, steel fibre, river sand, sawdust, epoxy resin composition;The group of Shockproof brick Into including following weight parts:5 parts~10 parts of stalk, 5 parts~10 parts of shell, 40 parts~60 parts of cement, 4 parts~6 parts of flyash, stone 4 parts~6 parts of English pearl, 5 parts~10 parts of marble powder, 4 parts~6 parts of aluminium powder, 5 parts~10 parts of bentonite, 5 parts~10 parts of slag, coal 5 parts~10 parts of spoil, 4 parts~6 parts of chalky soil, 4 parts~6 parts of lime, 5 parts~10 parts of shale, 4 parts~6 parts of clay, steel fibre 4 Part~6 parts, 4 parts~6 parts of river sand, 4 parts~6 parts of sawdust, 10 parts~20 parts of epoxy resin.
Further, stalk is the stalk for being ground into particle diameter 1mm~3mm.
Further, shell is the shell of 20 μm~30 μm of particle diameter.
Further, shale is particle diameter 20mm~30mm shale.
Further, steel fibre is that length is 1mm~3mm, the steel fibre of 20 μm~30 μm of diameter.
Further, the composition of Shockproof brick includes following weight parts:5 parts of stalk, 6 parts of shell, 46 parts of cement, flyash 4 Part, 5 parts of quartz ball, 7 parts of marble powder, 6 parts of aluminium powder, 8 parts of bentonite, 9 parts of slag, 10 parts of gangue, 6 parts of chalky soil, lime 5 Part, 8 parts of shale, 4 parts of clay, 6 parts of steel fibre, 5 parts of river sand, 4 parts of sawdust, 12 parts of epoxy resin.
According to it is another object of the present invention to provide a kind of preparation method of Shockproof brick, concretely comprise the following steps:
Step S01 dispensings:By shell, cement, flyash, quartz ball, marble powder, aluminium powder, bentonite, slag, bastard coal Stone, chalky soil, lime, shale, clay, steel fibre, river sand are well mixed, and the water for obtaining the quality such as compound, plus compound is mixed Close uniform, then add sawdust, stalk, epoxy resin, and stir, obtain non-solidifying material;
Step S02 shapes:By non-solidifying material be placed on 500mm × 350mm × 250mm be main body, Baltimore groove be 240mm × Shaped in 115mm × 100mm model, solidification, the shockproof brick product shaped are placed naturally.
Further, the mode being well mixed in step S01 is to use cement mixer stir process 30 minutes.
Further, the mode stirred in step S01 is to use cement mixer stir process 20 minutes.
Further, the model in step S02 is the wooden form that inner side is cased with plastic sheeting.
It is an advantage of the invention that:
(1) Shockproof brick of the invention does not ftracture;Compression strength is high, anti-seismic performance is good, and excellent combination property meets national mark It is accurate;It is wear-resistant, can directly it carry, pile, high yield rate;
(2) energy-saving and emission-reduction, energy consumption is low, prevents the pollution of the environment, and ecological, environmental protective reduces production cost;
(3) simple production process, easy to make, with short production cycle, production cost is low, is conducive to large-batch industrial to give birth to Production.
Embodiment
Specific embodiment of the invention given below, for being described in further detail to the present invention.
Experimental method in following embodiments, is conventional method unless otherwise specified.
Embodiment 1
Shockproof brick:(unit:kg)
Shell 60, cement 460, flyash 40, quartz ball 50, the marble powder of particle diameter 3mm 23 μm of stalk 50, particle diameter 70th, aluminium powder 60, bentonite 80, slag 90, gangue 100, chalky soil 60, lime 50, shale 80, clay 40, length be 2mm, The steel fibre 60 that 23 μm of diameter, river sand 50, sawdust 40, epoxy resin 120.
It is prepared via a method which:
By shell, cement, flyash, quartz ball, marble powder, aluminium powder, bentonite, slag, gangue, chalky soil, stone Ash, shale, clay, steel fibre, river sand are well mixed, and obtain compound, plus 1560kg water is well mixed, and uses cement mixer Stir process 30 minutes, then adds sawdust, stalk, epoxy resin, with cement mixer stir process 20 minutes, is not coagulated Gu material;Then will non-solidifying material to be placed on 500mm × 350mm × 250mm be that main body, Baltimore groove are 240mm × 115mm × 100mm Inner side be cased with being shaped in the wooden form of plastic sheeting, placement naturally solidifies, the shockproof brick product shaped.
Embodiment 2
Shell 50, cement 400, flyash 40, quartz ball 40, the marble powder of particle diameter 1mm 20 μm of stalk 50, particle diameter 50th, aluminium powder 40, bentonite 50, slag 50, gangue 50, chalky soil 40, lime 40, shale 50, clay 40, length are 1mm, directly The steel fibre 40 that 20 μm of footpath, river sand 40, sawdust 40, epoxy resin 100.
It is prepared via a method which:
By shell, cement, flyash, quartz ball, marble powder, aluminium powder, bentonite, slag, gangue, chalky soil, stone Ash, shale, clay, steel fibre, river sand are well mixed, and obtain compound, plus 1210kg water is well mixed, and uses cement mixer Stir process 30 minutes, then adds sawdust, stalk, epoxy resin, with cement mixer stir process 20 minutes, is not coagulated Gu material;Then will non-solidifying material to be placed on 500mm × 350mm × 250mm be that main body, Baltimore groove are 240mm × 115mm × 100mm Inner side be cased with being shaped in the wooden form of plastic sheeting, placement naturally solidifies, the shockproof brick product shaped.
Embodiment 3
Shell 100, cement 600, flyash 60, quartz ball 60, the marble powder of particle diameter 3mm 30 μm of stalk 100, particle diameter 100th, aluminium powder 60, bentonite 100, slag 100, gangue 100, chalky soil 60, lime 60, shale 100, clay 60, length are 3mm, the steel fibre 60 of 30 μm of diameter, river sand 60, sawdust 60, epoxy resin 200.
It is prepared via a method which:
By shell, cement, flyash, quartz ball, marble powder, aluminium powder, bentonite, slag, gangue, chalky soil, stone Ash, shale, clay, steel fibre, river sand are well mixed, and obtain compound, plus 2040kg water is well mixed, and uses cement mixer Stir process 30 minutes, then adds sawdust, stalk, epoxy resin, with cement mixer stir process 20 minutes, is not coagulated Gu material;Then will non-solidifying material to be placed on 500mm × 350mm × 250mm be that main body, Baltimore groove are 240mm × 115mm × 100mm Inner side be cased with being shaped in the wooden form of plastic sheeting, placement naturally solidifies, the shockproof brick product shaped.
Embodiment 4
Shell 50, cement 500, flyash 50, quartz ball 50, the marble powder of particle diameter 2mm 25 μm of stalk 75, particle diameter 75th, aluminium powder 50, bentonite 75, slag 75, gangue 75, chalky soil 50, lime 50, shale 75, clay 50, length are 2mm, directly The steel fibre 50 that 25 μm of footpath, river sand 50, sawdust 50, epoxy resin 150.
It is prepared via a method which:
By shell, cement, flyash, quartz ball, marble powder, aluminium powder, bentonite, slag, gangue, chalky soil, stone Ash, shale, clay, steel fibre, river sand are well mixed, and obtain compound, plus 1600kg water is well mixed, and uses cement mixer Stir process 30 minutes, then adds sawdust, stalk, epoxy resin, with cement mixer stir process 20 minutes, is not coagulated Gu material;Then will non-solidifying material to be placed on 500mm × 350mm × 250mm be that main body, Baltimore groove are 240mm × 115mm × 100mm Inner side be cased with being shaped in the wooden form of plastic sheeting, placement naturally solidifies, the shockproof brick product shaped.
Experimental example 1
Using product of the embodiment of the present invention, the shockproof effect and other performance indications of product of the present invention are determined, and is used Common building brick is contrasted, and testing result is as follows:
The material property of table 1 is detected
Product of the embodiment of the present invention, which has to resist well, it can be seen from above-mentioned experimental result tears power and anti-impact force open, does Contracting value is far smaller than common building brick, and surface density is also smaller with brick than common building, and fire endurance is higher with brick than common building;Cause This, this experimental products can play good anti seismic efficiency, while there is the ability of second recovery to caused fire after earthquake.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention and experimental example are these are only, is not intended to limit the invention, for this area Technical staff for, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles of the invention, that is made appoints What modification, equivalent substitution, improvement etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of preparation method of Shockproof brick, it is characterised in that concretely comprise the following steps:
Step S01 dispensings:By 5 parts~10 parts of shell, 40 parts~60 parts of cement, 4 parts~6 parts of flyash, 4 parts~6 parts of quartz ball, 5 parts~10 parts of marble powder, 4 parts~6 parts of aluminium powder, 5 parts~10 parts of bentonite, 5 parts~10 parts of slag, 5 parts~10 parts of gangue, 4 parts~6 parts of chalky soil, 4 parts~6 parts of lime, 5 parts~10 parts of shale, 4 parts~6 parts of clay, 4 parts~6 parts of steel fibre, 4 parts of river sand ~6 parts are well mixed, and the water for obtaining the quality such as compound, plus compound is well mixed, and then adds 4 parts~6 parts of sawdust, stalk 5 parts~10 parts, 10 parts~20 parts of epoxy resin, and stir, non-solidifying material is obtained, wherein, the stalk is crushing granulating Footpath 1mm~3mm stalk, the shell is the shell of 20 μm~30 μm of particle diameter, and the shale is particle diameter 20mm~30mm page Rock, the steel fibre is that length is 1mm~3mm, the steel fibre of 20 μm~30 μm of diameter;
Step S02 shapes:It is that main body, Baltimore groove are 240mm × 115mm that non-solidifying material is placed on into 500mm × 350mm × 250mm Shaped in × 100mm model, solidification is placed naturally, the size shaped is:500mm × 350mm × 250mm is shockproof Brick product, wherein, the Shockproof brick is located at the middle part of Shockproof brick, each side of groove provided with a Baltimore groove, the Baltimore groove It is parallel with each side of Shockproof brick.
2. the preparation method of Shockproof brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the composition of the Shockproof brick includes following heavy Measure part:5 parts of stalk, 6 parts of shell, 46 parts of cement, 4 parts of flyash, 5 parts of quartz ball, 7 parts of marble powder, 6 parts of aluminium powder, bentonite 8 Part, 9 parts of slag, 10 parts of gangue, 6 parts of chalky soil, 5 parts of lime, 8 parts of shale, 4 parts of clay, 6 parts of steel fibre, 5 parts of river sand, saw Last 4 parts, 12 parts of epoxy resin.
3. the preparation method of Shockproof brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the side being well mixed in the step S01 Formula is to use cement mixer stir process 30 minutes.
4. the preparation method of Shockproof brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the side stirred in the step S01 Formula is to use cement mixer stir process 20 minutes.
5. the preparation method of Shockproof brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the model in the step S02 is inner side It is cased with the wooden form of plastic sheeting.
CN201610069418.7A 2016-02-02 2016-02-02 A kind of Shockproof brick Expired - Fee Related CN105696741B (en)

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CN105696741B true CN105696741B (en) 2017-11-07

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107344846A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-11-14 合肥万之景门窗有限公司 A kind of high-strength sintered structural clay tile and preparation method thereof
CN107445585A (en) * 2017-08-14 2017-12-08 徐州市恒基伟业建材发展有限公司 A kind of novel hollow tile composition
CN108191397A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-06-22 和县明生环保材料有限责任公司 A kind of production technology of high intensity Refuse air brick

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CA2797242A1 (en) * 2010-04-23 2011-10-27 Castagra Products, Inc. Fibrous plasticized gypsum composition
CN103979863A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-08-13 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Corrosion-resistance aerated brick and preparation method thereof
CN104276809A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-14 定远县绿苑新型建材有限公司 Abrasion-proof hollow brick containing purple sand shale
CN104496340A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-04-08 浙江大学 Concrete brick taking shell-animal shells as coarse aggregate and preparation method thereof
CN204510586U (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-07-29 银川上河图新技术研发有限公司 H shell-type earthquake-proof energy-saving brick

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2797242A1 (en) * 2010-04-23 2011-10-27 Castagra Products, Inc. Fibrous plasticized gypsum composition
CN103979863A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-08-13 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Corrosion-resistance aerated brick and preparation method thereof
CN104276809A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-14 定远县绿苑新型建材有限公司 Abrasion-proof hollow brick containing purple sand shale
CN104496340A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-04-08 浙江大学 Concrete brick taking shell-animal shells as coarse aggregate and preparation method thereof
CN204510586U (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-07-29 银川上河图新技术研发有限公司 H shell-type earthquake-proof energy-saving brick

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Effective date of registration: 20190822

Address after: 226400 Zhuyuan Village, Yuanzhuang Town, Rudong County, Nantong City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Jiangsu Yiding New Building Materials Co., Ltd.

Address before: Wang Chuan town of Huian County in Fujian province 362000 Quanzhou city after Xu Xu Village No. 27

Patentee before: QUANZHOU HUIANMIN COMMERCE AND TRADE CO., LTD.

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