CN105675062A - Electric power tower pole fault remote monitoring scheme and device - Google Patents

Electric power tower pole fault remote monitoring scheme and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105675062A
CN105675062A CN201610203523.5A CN201610203523A CN105675062A CN 105675062 A CN105675062 A CN 105675062A CN 201610203523 A CN201610203523 A CN 201610203523A CN 105675062 A CN105675062 A CN 105675062A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
data
module
tower bar
power tower
tower pole
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610203523.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐惠勇
钮鑫
温凯瑞
井文丽
董娜
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China University of Geosciences Beijing
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China University of Geosciences Beijing
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China University of Geosciences Beijing filed Critical China University of Geosciences Beijing
Priority to CN201610203523.5A priority Critical patent/CN105675062A/en
Publication of CN105675062A publication Critical patent/CN105675062A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link

Abstract

The invention provides an electric power tower pole fault remote monitoring scheme and device. An electric power tower pole is equipped with a monitoring device to realize remote monitoring of tower pole inclination angle, power transmission line suspension angle and three-phase voltage, and the data is sent to a control center; and the controls center establishes a corresponding database and an algorithm to process the data so as to judge whether the tower pole has fault, thereby saving human and material resources consumed in manual troubleshooting, and greatly improving fault reaction speed and troubleshooting efficiency.

Description

A kind of power tower bar fault remote monitoring scheme and device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of power tower bar fault remote monitoring scheme and device, the problem such as tilt, electric wire pendency angle is abnormal, phase voltage is abnormal mainly for tower bar and be monitored.
Background technology
Along with developing rapidly of China's electric utility, transmission line of electricity coverage is increasingly wider, and wiring becomes increasingly complex, and as the important node ensureing transmission line of electricity normal operation, the malfunction monitoring of power tower bar is always the most important thing. On the one hand, in the urban area of power tense, line density is big, and tower bar quantity is many, makes an inspection tour maintenance workload huge; On the other hand, at the high-voltage power tower bar of the Special zone such as countryside, wilderness, upland meadow, due to a varied topography, dangerous, patrol route is long, not only increases working time and the intensity of tour personnel, it is also possible to jeopardize personal safety.
In addition, staff needs to carry with some circuit data in tour process, in order to inquiring about in tour process, also needing to carry extensive work apparatus, for instance mobile phone, photographing unit, GPS locator, transmitter receiver etc., instrument is many, troublesome poeration, burden also weighs. The working method of current domestic commonly used manual patrol hand-made paper medium recording, this mode also exists the problems such as tour cycle length, labor intensity is big, risk factor is high, and there is tour blind area. Also have some areas to adopt helicopter aerophotographic method, take helicopter and patrol and examine along the line, adopt video camera and other Detection Techniques that tower bar is checked, although this mode motility is high, broad view, but cost is big, and have certain flight hidden danger.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to, design set of device also proposes a kind of scheme and remotely monitors power tower bar malfunction, and is accurately positioned fault tower bar position when fault occurs.
For realizing object above, by the following technical solutions: installing monitoring device on power tower bar, this device uses single-chip microcomputer to be controlled, and has economy and reliability concurrently. The pendency radian of tower bar inclination angle and power transmission line is measured by angular transducer, each phase voltage monitored by voltameter, and utilize GPRS communicator to transmit data to the control centre in a distant place, these data and normal parameter are compared by control centre, if beyond normal range, then trigger fault early warning the tower bar corresponding to abnormal data generate a Trouble Report, it is achieved the monitoring in real time of fault and quickly reply.
This programme has the advantage that one is that real-time is high, and Monitoring Data is sent to control centre in real time, it is possible to find and position fault tower bar in the very first time; Two is good economy performance, adopts GPRS technology to carry out data transmission, utilizes existing network, saves the investment building wireless communication networks;Three is that malfunction monitoring is comprehensive, contains power tower bar, power transmission line, phase voltage etc. multiple it may happen that the part of fault, it is possible to monitor most fault.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment will be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the premise not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is monitoring structure drawing of device;
Fig. 2 is weight function curve example;
Fig. 3 is remote supervision system programme diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further described.
Monitoring device (Fig. 1) is mainly used in measuring and transmit the angle of inclination of power tower bar, the power transmission line pendency parameter such as radian and phase voltage in real time; therefore the measurement module being made up of two angular transducers and three voltameters (being used for measuring each phase voltage) is mainly included; the supply module being made up of solaode and charging circuit; GPRS communication module and single chip control module, in addition with the field such as lightning protection, protection against the tide design protection.
It is responsible for receiving the control centre of data to need to set up corresponding data base and deposit the monitoring numbering of device, positional information and each device and send the data etc. of coming, and coding judges data whether it is normal, as shown in Figure 3. Initially set up system model:
u = Σ i = 1 5 y ( A i ) | A i - A i 0 | , i = 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 - - - ( 1 )
Wherein A1For tower bar measurement of dip angle value, A2For power transmission line overhanging corner measured value, A3,A4,A5For each phase voltage. Ai0(i=1,2,3,4,5) represent the ideal value corresponding to each parameter, y (Ai) representing the weight function that each parameter is corresponding, its function curve all can be set to shown in Fig. 2, yi0Represent corresponding parameter AiCritical weights, more than yi0Show this abnormal parameters. The ideal value of each parameter can be adjusted accordingly according to the difference of the physical conditions such as tower bar type, geographical environment, and weight function can be manually set according to parameter change rate, so that each y (Ai)|Ai-A0| ideal value keep roughly equal. The measure of correspondence is taked according to the u value size finally obtained. U value is more little, it was shown that surveyed data are closer to ideal value, and tower bar is in normal condition, otherwise, then illustrate that data measured and ideal value deviation are bigger, it is necessary to overhaul. According to practical situation, u can be divided into multiple section, for three sections:
As u≤u1Time, each parameter is normal, and staff carries out regular maintenance;
Work as u1<u≤u2Time, it was shown that there occurs minor failure, staff carries out emergent maintenance;
Work as u > u2Time, it was shown that there occurs catastrophe failure, personnel's emergency service of should arranging work immediately.
According to above scheme, design specific procedure flow process is as it is shown on figure 3, step is as follows:
1. control centre sets u1,u2,Ai0, y (Ai), yi0, i=1,2,3,4,5.
2. the measurement data A from monitoring device is received1,A2,A3,A4,A5, calculate the weights y (A of correspondence respectivelyi)。
3. substitute into formula (1) and calculate u value, if u≤u1, return 2.; If u1 is <u≤u2, trigger minor failure early warning and turn 4.; If u > u2, trigger catastrophe failure early warning and turn 4..
4. y (A is comparedi) and corresponding yi0, export and all make y (Ai)>yi0The corresponding A set upiValue.
Staff will retrieve the positional information of corresponding monitoring device according to program output from data base, and according to exceptional value AiPreliminary judgement failure cause, thus realizing quickly finding fault, fault point.
It is understood that the system structure shown in figure is not intended that the restriction to system, it is possible to include ratio and illustrate more or less of equipment, or combine some equipment, or different deployed with devices.
Above; being only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any those familiar with the art is in the technical scope that the invention discloses; change can be readily occurred in or replace, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with scope of the claims.

Claims (5)

1. a power tower bar fault remote monitoring scheme, it is characterized in that, build system model, the algorithm that structure is corresponding judges whether all parameters that power tower bar monitoring device transmits are in normal condition, and all exceptional values are exported, as the reference of staff's maintenance.
2. power tower bar according to claim 1 monitoring device, it is characterized in that, including measurement module (1), supply module (2), data transmission module (3) and control module (4), wherein control module (4) and be responsible for processing the data of measurement module (1) gained and transfer data to control centre by data transmission module (3).
3. measurement module according to claim 2 (1), it is characterized in that, measure the angular transducer 1 (5) of tower bar inclined degree, measure the angular transducer 2 (6) of power transmission line pendency radian and measure the voltameter (7) of phase voltage.
4. supply module according to claim 2 (2), it is characterised in that the charging circuit (9) based on solaode (8), are used for powering to monitoring device.
5. data transmission module according to claim 2 (3), it is characterised in that use GPRS communication module (10) to send data to control centre by wireless public network.
CN201610203523.5A 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Electric power tower pole fault remote monitoring scheme and device Pending CN105675062A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610203523.5A CN105675062A (en) 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Electric power tower pole fault remote monitoring scheme and device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610203523.5A CN105675062A (en) 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Electric power tower pole fault remote monitoring scheme and device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105675062A true CN105675062A (en) 2016-06-15

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106643651A (en) * 2016-11-07 2017-05-10 合肥同想信息技术有限公司 A GPRS-based inclination detection system for electric power transmission line supports
CN106679626A (en) * 2016-12-25 2017-05-17 杭州博烁晟斐智能科技有限公司 Method and system for monitoring inclination and collapse of iron communication tower in real time
CN107449453A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-12-08 国家电网公司 Comprehensive monitor system based on electric force pole tower

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101989767A (en) * 2010-10-13 2011-03-23 中电国科(北京)科技有限公司 Comprehensive measuring and controlling device of high voltage pole tower
CN102042885A (en) * 2010-10-08 2011-05-04 电子科技大学 Device for monitoring state of power transmission line tower-line system
CN102104989A (en) * 2010-12-24 2011-06-22 南京财经大学 Wireless sensor network system for monitoring real-time data of power grid
CN203444465U (en) * 2013-08-24 2014-02-19 国家电网公司 Integrated intelligent monitoring system of wire
CN103776492A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-07 国家电网公司 OPGW condition monitoring system
CN203798381U (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-08-27 中国南方电网有限责任公司超高压输电公司检修试验中心 Power transmission equipment online monitoring system
CN204514385U (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-29 国家电网公司 Transmission tower inclination supervisory system
CN204946279U (en) * 2015-09-16 2016-01-06 国家电网公司 Based on Fusion electric power line pole tower abnormity early warning device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102042885A (en) * 2010-10-08 2011-05-04 电子科技大学 Device for monitoring state of power transmission line tower-line system
CN101989767A (en) * 2010-10-13 2011-03-23 中电国科(北京)科技有限公司 Comprehensive measuring and controlling device of high voltage pole tower
CN102104989A (en) * 2010-12-24 2011-06-22 南京财经大学 Wireless sensor network system for monitoring real-time data of power grid
CN203444465U (en) * 2013-08-24 2014-02-19 国家电网公司 Integrated intelligent monitoring system of wire
CN203798381U (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-08-27 中国南方电网有限责任公司超高压输电公司检修试验中心 Power transmission equipment online monitoring system
CN103776492A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-07 国家电网公司 OPGW condition monitoring system
CN204514385U (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-29 国家电网公司 Transmission tower inclination supervisory system
CN204946279U (en) * 2015-09-16 2016-01-06 国家电网公司 Based on Fusion electric power line pole tower abnormity early warning device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106643651A (en) * 2016-11-07 2017-05-10 合肥同想信息技术有限公司 A GPRS-based inclination detection system for electric power transmission line supports
CN106679626A (en) * 2016-12-25 2017-05-17 杭州博烁晟斐智能科技有限公司 Method and system for monitoring inclination and collapse of iron communication tower in real time
CN107449453A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-12-08 国家电网公司 Comprehensive monitor system based on electric force pole tower
CN107449453B (en) * 2017-07-24 2019-08-23 国家电网公司 Comprehensive monitor system based on electric force pole tower

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