CN105657889A - Tunnel lighting system - Google Patents

Tunnel lighting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105657889A
CN105657889A CN201511027234.6A CN201511027234A CN105657889A CN 105657889 A CN105657889 A CN 105657889A CN 201511027234 A CN201511027234 A CN 201511027234A CN 105657889 A CN105657889 A CN 105657889A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tunnel
brightness
illumination
model
hole
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201511027234.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢文杰
薛雪
匡付华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Das Intellitech Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Das Intellitech Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenzhen Das Intellitech Co Ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Das Intellitech Co Ltd
Priority to CN201511027234.6A priority Critical patent/CN105657889A/en
Publication of CN105657889A publication Critical patent/CN105657889A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS FOR ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES, IN GENERAL
    • H05B45/00Circuit arrangements for operating light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • H05B45/10Controlling the intensity of the light

Abstract

The invention relates to a tunnel lighting system. The system comprises an illuminance detector for acquiring a brightness value in/out of a tunnel, a control device connected with the illuminance detector and used for receiving the brightness value, analyzing and processing in combination with a built-in model and giving out a light-dimming instruction according to an analyzed and processed result, and a lighting loop connected with the control device and used for receiving the light-dimming instruction to adjust the brightness of the lighting loop, thereby enabling the lighting brightness in the tunnel to adapt to the brightness of the external natural light. Through the adoption of the technical scheme provided by the invention, the demand-based lighting of the tunnel of the high-speed road is realized, the brightness is dynamically adjusted in real time, the energy consumption of the lighting system is maximally reduced, the energy source is saved and the cost is lowered.

Description

A kind of tunnel illuminating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to tunnel lighting field, more specifically, it relates to a kind of tunnel illuminating system.
Background technology
China is the country that tunnel is maximum in the world, by the end of the year 2009, highway in China tunnel length has increased to 3942 kilometers, wherein speciality tunnel 190 place amounts to 821 kilometers, long tunnel 905 place amounts to 1500 kilometers, and China has become one of country that vcehicular tunnel is maximum, with fastest developing speed, situation is the most complicated in the world. Having benefited from improving constantly of LED technology nearly ten years, the decline gradually of price, country vigorously supports, and tunnel LED illumination develop rapidly, domestic many important tunnel illuminating engineerings all employ LED illumination. The Department of Science and Technology starts " ten ten thousand, cities " LED street lamp Applied D emonstration city scheme in 2009, covers domestic flourishing city such as 21, Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Wuhan etc., and this plan at present enters subordinate phase, will build 2,000,000 demonstration LED street lamp in 50 cities. The use value of LED in vcehicular tunnel is also approved gradually, and the provinces and cities such as current Shaanxi, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Guangdong have all carried out the pilot application of LED tunnel illumination.
But the singularity understanding deficiency owing to tunnel is thrown light on, LED/light source itself is also in development, LED tunnel illumination has occurred many realistic problems, as light declines greatly, fitting structure is unreasonable, and maintaining uniform illumination is poor, tunnel illumination " zebra effect ", " black hole effect " and " white hole effect " is serious, have impact on driving safety.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, it is provided that a kind of tunnel illuminating system.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of tunnel illuminating system of structure.
In tunnel illuminating system of the present invention, comprising:
Luminance detector, for gathering the brightness value inside and outside hole, tunnel;
Operating device, is connected with described luminance detector, for receiving described brightness value, carries out analyzing and processing in conjunction with built-in model, sends light modulation instruction according to the result of analyzing and processing;
Lighting loop, is connected with described operating device, receives described light modulation instruction, the brightness of adjustment lighting loop, and the brightness of illumination in hole is adapted with the brightness of extraneous natural light.
Preferably, described luminance detector has at least four, lays respectively at the entrance section in tunnel, transition section, outlet section and outside 200 meters of of distance tunnel entrances.
Preferably, described operating device comprises center of the centralized monitor, master station's controller and lamp controller.
Preferably, described built-in model comprises luma prediction model in forecasting traffic flow model, aerodynamics model, Pollutants Diffusion model, hole.
Preferably, described lighting loop comprises basic illuminating line and strengthens illuminating line; Wherein basic illumination refer to for ensure driving institute in tunnel must illumination, add strong illumination and refer to the illumination required for elimination gangway " white hole " and " black hole " effect.
Preferably, described system also comprises wagon flow quantity sensor and vehicle speed sensor.
Implement the tunnel illuminating system of the present invention, there is following useful effect: the illumination as required realizing freeway tunnel, brightness Real-time and Dynamic is regulated, reduces the energy consumption of lighting system to greatest extent, the energy-conservation energy and reducing costs.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described, in accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the module diagram of the tunnel illuminating system of the present invention.
Embodiment
In order to make the object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail. It is to be understood that specific embodiment described herein is only for explaining the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention.
The present invention discloses a kind of freeway tunnel LED intelligent illumination system based on " thing networking ", comprise operating device, sensor, communication equipment and controlled equipment, sensor imports in operating device after gathering controlled equipment operating parameter and surrounding enviroment parameter and calculates steering order according to fuzzy operation model, controls controlled equipment work.
Above-mentioned operating device comprises center of the centralized monitor, master station's controller and lamp controller, and described sensor comprises brightness and illumination sensor, wagon flow quantity sensor and vehicle speed sensor.
As shown in Figure 1, at the tunnel illuminating system of the present invention, it is characterised in that, comprising: luminance detector 101, operating device 102, lighting loop 103. Wherein:
Luminance detector 101, for gathering the brightness value inside and outside hole, tunnel. Luminance detector has at least four, lays respectively at the entrance section in tunnel, transition section, outlet section and outside 200 meters of of distance tunnel entrances. Described system also comprises wagon flow quantity sensor and vehicle speed sensor.
Operating device 102, is connected with luminance detector 101, for receiving brightness value, carries out analyzing and processing in conjunction with built-in model, sends light modulation instruction according to the result of analyzing and processing. Operating device comprises center of the centralized monitor, master station's controller and lamp controller. Built-in model comprises luma prediction model in forecasting traffic flow model, aerodynamics model, Pollutants Diffusion model, hole.
This system can on the real-time collection basis of the front-end information such as the traffic flow character to the traffic operating mode in weather condition, the luminance of outer caves, tunnel and section and tunnel, in conjunction with the historical data in database, adopt intelligent fuzzy controller, Intelligent management module and adaptive control system, intelligentized real-time decision-making is provided to highway tunnel illumination, reach the object of safety, environmental protection and energy consumption optimum on the whole, fill up the blank of existing tunnel facility in real-time energy source optimization technology.
Lighting loop 103, is connected with operating device 102, receives light modulation instruction, the brightness of adjustment lighting loop, and the brightness of illumination in hole is adapted with the brightness of extraneous natural light.Lighting loop comprises basic illuminating line and strengthens illuminating line; Wherein basic illumination refer to for ensure driving institute in tunnel must illumination, add strong illumination and refer to the illumination required for elimination gangway " white hole " and " black hole " effect. Basic illuminating line in tunnel should lay 3 loops, light fixture is divided into 1A, 1B, 1C staggered access circuit, add strong illumination and should lay 3 loops, light fixture is divided into 2A, 2B, 2C staggered access circuit, the benefit of such wiring is after a distribution line breaks down, the illumination of whole bar branch road can not be affected, but also be conducive to light modulation. Wherein basic illumination refer to for ensure driving institute in tunnel must illumination, add strong illumination and refer to the illumination required for elimination gangway " white hole " and " black hole " effect.
Tunnel Lighting control, it it is the illumination detector by arranging inside and outside tunnel, according to the light intensity inside and outside the tunnel detected, traffic flow and wagon flow speed, after fuzzy operation, control the strengthening segment near gangway, tunnel and adapt to the intensity of illumination of section, after fuzzy operation, the intensity of illumination of section and outlet section in the middle of tunnel is controlled according to traffic flow and wagon flow speed, make officer can adapt to the intensity variation inside and outside tunnel as early as possible, eliminate because of the visual angle obstacle caused by light intensity change, minimizing accident barrier occurs, reduce energy consumption, extend light fixture work-ing life.
The control mode of the tunnel illuminating system of the present invention is divided into sequential control mode that Non-follow control, segmentation carry out and the full automatic control mode three kinds according to the brightness value self-control lighting loop inside and outside hole. Total, tunnel Lighting control carries out stepped control according to weather condition, illumination, speed and volume of traffic stream.
(1) manual control mode
It is divided into local hand control mode and remote manual control mode; Local Non-follow control is realized by the operation button on on-the-spot energy saving control cabinet for lighting, just needs managerial personnel to arrive on-site manual control loop brightness when long-range upper computer or network of communication generation fault. Remote manual controls to realize on lighting system workstation.
(2) subsection timing sequence control mode
Subsection timing sequence control is each light distribution loop adopting sequential control device control tunnel illumination, opens or close corresponding lighting loop according to Different periods in a day. This kind of mode can be complete existing on lighting system workstation, when automatic controlling functions is malfunctioning, can be used as a kind of supplementary Energy Saving Control temporarily, also needs operator to arrange according to weather condition outside hole, season, brightness at any time.
(3) control with an automatic light meter
Calculate the illumination of each section according to GB, the conversion relation that road surface is cement concrete pavement, mean flow rate and average illumination is got: 13lx/cd.m-2; It is calculated as follows:
1, entrance section illumination=entrance section brightness * 13=0.0035*4000*13=1820lx
2, TR1 brightness=0.3 �� 140=42cd/m2; Illumination=546lx
3, TR2 brightness=0.1 �� 140=14cd/m2; Illumination=182lx
4, TR3 brightness=0.035 �� 140=4.9cd/m2; Illumination=63.7lx
5, middle section brightness=4.5cd/m2; Illumination=58.5lx
6, outlet section brightness=5 �� 4.5=22.5cd/m2; Illumination=292.5lx.
The automatic control mode of tunnel illumination is then utilize luminance detector to gather the luminance parameter inside and outside hole, tunnel respectively, after contrast treatment, steering order is issued on energy saving control cabinet for lighting by lighting system workstation, energy-saving control cabinet performs the brightness regulating lighting loop, and the brightness that is bright and extraneous natural light of the illumination in hole is adapted.
In the variable of control automatically, except luminance parameter, also wagon flow amount, the speed of a motor vehicle, VI/CO parameter are incorporated in algorithm model, as the subsidiary conditions generating steering order curve, to reach not only safety but also energy-conservation best effect.
For control with an automatic light meter, the adaptation curve of officer and distance depend on difference and the speed of a motor vehicle of brightness inside and outside hole, generally take a parking sighting distance. Entrance section in tunnel entrances place and tunnel, transition section, outlet section arranges luminance detector, luminance detector sets the road being arranged on from hole, tunnel from as the safe braking distance of scanning frequency degree, namely the brightness in the 200 meters of scopes in distance center, hole, tunnel is measured, entrance section, transition section and the outlet section that remaining luminance detector is arranged on respectively in tunnel, automatically brightness values in the hole detected is sent into workstation and is analyzed by luminance detector, data are after treatment, issue light modulation instruction by workstation, form a closed-loop control. Brightness regulation scope should be provided with the upper limit and lower value, and wherein the lower value of brightness is the minimum brightness value ensureing driving safety, and the higher limit of brightness refers to eliminate " zebra effect ", the minimum brightness value of " black hole effect " and " white hole effect "; When adopting real-time control program photodetector generation fault, after monitor workstation detects trouble signal, activating sequential control strategy, system proceeds to sequential control.
In the variable of control automatically, except luminance parameter, also wagon flow amount, the speed of a motor vehicle, VI/CO parameter are incorporated in algorithm model, as the subsidiary conditions generating steering order curve, to reach not only safety but also energy-conservation best effect.
The automatic control mode of tunnel illumination utilizes luminance detector to gather the luminance parameter inside and outside hole, tunnel respectively, the required brightness value real-time luminosity value of collection and model calculated is after contrasting and carry out PID arithmetic process, steering order is issued on energy saving control cabinet for lighting by lighting system workstation, energy-saving control cabinet performs the brightness regulating lighting loop, and the brightness that is bright and extraneous natural light of the illumination in hole is adapted.
Wherein energy-saving control cabinet is to whole bar illuminating line, employing be the LED power module central current supply supporting hot plug, and reserved redundant power module, when, after certain power supply module damage, redundant power module starts to run automatically, ensures the normal operation of illuminating line. Because support hot plug, also without the need to cutting off the electricity supply when changing module.
Being appreciated that, above embodiment only have expressed the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but therefore can not be interpreted as the restriction to patent scope of the present invention; It should be appreciated that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, it is possible to above-mentioned technology feature being carried out independent assortment, it is also possible to make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection scope of the present invention; Therefore, all equivalents of doing with the claims in the present invention scope and modification, all should belong to the covering scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a tunnel illuminating system, it is characterised in that, comprising:
Luminance detector, for gathering the brightness value inside and outside hole, tunnel;
Operating device, is connected with described luminance detector, for receiving described brightness value, carries out analyzing and processing in conjunction with built-in model, sends light modulation instruction according to the result of analyzing and processing;
Lighting loop, is connected with described operating device, receives described light modulation instruction, the brightness of adjustment lighting loop, and the brightness of illumination in hole is adapted with the brightness of extraneous natural light.
2. tunnel illuminating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, described luminance detector has at least four, lays respectively at the entrance section in tunnel, transition section, outlet section and outside 200 meters of of distance tunnel entrances.
3. tunnel illuminating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, described operating device comprises center of the centralized monitor, master station's controller and lamp controller.
4. tunnel illuminating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, described built-in model comprises luma prediction model in forecasting traffic flow model, aerodynamics model, Pollutants Diffusion model, hole.
5. tunnel illuminating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, described lighting loop comprises basic illuminating line and strengthens illuminating line; Wherein basic illumination refer to for ensure driving institute in tunnel must illumination, add strong illumination and refer to the illumination required for elimination gangway " white hole " and " black hole " effect.
6. tunnel illuminating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, described system also comprises wagon flow quantity sensor and vehicle speed sensor.
CN201511027234.6A 2015-12-30 2015-12-30 Tunnel lighting system Pending CN105657889A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105657889A true CN105657889A (en) 2016-06-08

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106572581A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-04-19 浙江大学 Highway tunnel lamp control and energy consumption monitoring system based on area controllers
CN106993363A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-28 乐山职业技术学院 Lighting Control Assembly for vcehicular tunnel
CN107124798A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-09-01 山西省交通科学研究院 A kind of freeway tunnel intelligent dimming method and system based on many reference amounts
CN107454721A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-12-08 佛山职业技术学院 A kind of self-induction light modulation tunnel illuminating system and its dimming controlling method
CN107864541A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-03-30 北京工业大学 Tunnel illumination intelligent dimming method
CN110139425A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-08-16 云南省交通科学研究院有限公司 Vcehicular tunnel wisdom illumination control apparatus and system
CN114245538A (en) * 2021-12-16 2022-03-25 中交国通公路工程技术有限公司 Tunnel illumination intelligent monitoring device and monitoring system thereof

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106572581A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-04-19 浙江大学 Highway tunnel lamp control and energy consumption monitoring system based on area controllers
CN106993363A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-28 乐山职业技术学院 Lighting Control Assembly for vcehicular tunnel
CN107124798A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-09-01 山西省交通科学研究院 A kind of freeway tunnel intelligent dimming method and system based on many reference amounts
CN107454721A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-12-08 佛山职业技术学院 A kind of self-induction light modulation tunnel illuminating system and its dimming controlling method
CN107454721B (en) * 2017-07-10 2019-06-04 佛山职业技术学院 A kind of self-induction light modulation tunnel illuminating system and its dimming controlling method
CN107864541A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-03-30 北京工业大学 Tunnel illumination intelligent dimming method
CN110139425A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-08-16 云南省交通科学研究院有限公司 Vcehicular tunnel wisdom illumination control apparatus and system
CN114245538A (en) * 2021-12-16 2022-03-25 中交国通公路工程技术有限公司 Tunnel illumination intelligent monitoring device and monitoring system thereof

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Application publication date: 20160608

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