CN105563300A - Rotary elastomer and grinding-polishing equipment - Google Patents

Rotary elastomer and grinding-polishing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105563300A
CN105563300A CN201610014825.8A CN201610014825A CN105563300A CN 105563300 A CN105563300 A CN 105563300A CN 201610014825 A CN201610014825 A CN 201610014825A CN 105563300 A CN105563300 A CN 105563300A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grinding
polishing
elastomer
revolution
polishing device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610014825.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金滩
卢安舸
郭宗福
吴耀
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Hunan University
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Hunan University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hunan University filed Critical Hunan University
Priority to CN201610014825.8A priority Critical patent/CN105563300A/en
Publication of CN105563300A publication Critical patent/CN105563300A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B37/00Lapping machines or devices; Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B37/00Lapping machines or devices; Accessories
    • B24B37/11Lapping tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B37/00Lapping machines or devices; Accessories
    • B24B37/34Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power

Abstract

The invention discloses a grinding-polishing device and grinding-polishing equipment for a rotary elastomer. The grinding-polishing device for the rotary elastomer comprises a hub used for being installed on a rotary shaft, an annular elastic body wrapping the periphery of the hub, and a grinding component or a polishing component fixed on the periphery of the elastic body. The grinding-polishing equipment comprises a machine tool body and the grinding-polishing device for the rotary elastomer, wherein the machine tool body comprises a base and a slide table capable of moving in a front-and-back direction; a rotary workbench is installed on the slide table; and a spindle box capable of moving in up-and-down and left-and-right directions is arranged above the rotary workbench, a spindle head of the spindle box is connected with the grinding-polishing device for the rotary elastomer, and a drive device used for driving the hub to rotate is installed on the rotary elastomer. The grinding-polishing device and the grinding-polishing equipment for the rotary elastomer, which are disclosed by the invention, have the characteristics that computer control can be realized, a grinding-polishing speed is high, grinding abrasive grains are consolidated, a grinding-polishing track is complex, a removal function is ideal, and the like.

Description

A kind of revolution elastomer and polishing grinding equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of revolution elastomer and polishing grinding equipment, belong to grinding, polissoir technical field.
Background technology
Lapping and polishing processing is that various solid material surface realizes super accurate, the only resource that surface roughness is extremely low of size ultraprecise, shape, is also the best approach of below elimination top layer materials processing defect, damage.It is applied widely that lapping and polishing is processed, and can be competent at the Ultra-precision Turning of various complex profile.Especially for the processing of the various difficult-to-machine material Complex Surface Parts used in optics, electronic information field, lapping and polishing technique plays irreplaceable effect.
Tradition grinding and polishing process technology many employings loose abrasive low speed processing mode, there is the shortcomings such as precision stability is lower, process velocity is low, greatly have impact on the productivity ratio of precision component, especially in the processing of large-scale freeform optics surface part, the time of grinding and polishing processing has accounted for the major part of whole process time, process a hundreds of hours at least product used time, the several months at most.
For now widely used annular grinding and polishing mode at a slow speed, forms of motion mostly is and grinds dish rotation, workpiece is relative to the form of grinding dish rotation and revolution, though technique is relatively simple, but it is undesirable to there is removal function, be suitable for workpiece face type single, be difficult to be adapted to complex-curved processing, workpiece size, workpiece rotational frequency, grind dish rotating speed and have the shortcomings such as strict restriction; For the external new air bag polishing equipment adopted; its structure is more complicated; on bulb-type rubbing head, the abrasive particle radius of gyration is less; grinding and polishing speed is lower; working (machining) efficiency is improved not obvious; though be suitable for processed complex profile part, when processing big-and-middle-sized ultraprecise part, efficiency is lower, and when using, processing cost is very high.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcoming that working (machining) efficiency is low, processing cost is high, machining accuracy retentivity is not high that current polishing grinding equipment exists, the present invention aims to provide a kind of revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device and revolution elastomer polishing grinding equipment, this polishing grinding equipment has can realize computer control, the features such as high grinding and polishing speed, grinding abrasive particle consolidation, grinding and polishing track are complicated, removal function ideal.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device, its design feature is, comprises the wheel hub for being contained in rotating shaft, surrounds the elastic body of the annular in hub periphery, and the grinding element be fixed on elastic body periphery or polishing element.
According to embodiments of the invention, further optimization can also be done to the present invention, below for optimizing the rear technical scheme formed:
Preferably, described grinding element is grinding pellet or sand paper; Described polishing element is polishing pad.
Preferably, described elastic body is the annular element that inflatable structure or elastomeric material are made.
As several concrete fixed form, described grinding element or polishing element are fixed on elastic body's outer surface by the form of inlaying or paste.
Preferably, described wheel hub side is provided with and drives the pivotal drive unit of described wheel hub by rotating shaft.
Based on same inventive concept, present invention also offers a kind of revolution elastomer polishing grinding equipment, it comprises machine body and above-mentioned revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device; Described machine body comprises base, this base is provided with and can moves forward and backward slide unit; The rotary table for placing workpiece to be processed described slide unit is equipped with; The main spindle box that can move up and down is provided with above described rotary table, the main tapping of this main spindle box is connected with described revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device, described revolution elastomer is equipped with and drives the pivotal drive unit of described wheel hub, the elastomeric grinding element of this revolution or polishing element are contacted with the upper surface of described workpiece to be processed when the work of revolution.
Described base is equipped with column, and this column is equipped with can the crossbeam that moves up and down of column relatively, and this crossbeam is equipped with can the described main spindle box that moves left and right of crossbeam relatively.
Preferably, the main tapping of described main spindle box is connected with the connection handle being contained in described revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device top, this connection handle bottom is connected with a grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal, described revolution elastomer is arranged on this grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal by transmission mechanism, this grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal is equipped with and drives the pivotal motor of described wheel hub.
Further, collector ring is equipped with in described connection handle bottom; The inner ring of described collector ring can rotate with connection handle, and the outer ring of this collector ring is connected with the collector ring fixed mount be contained on main spindle box.Thus, described collector ring inner ring is connected with connection handle lower circumference, and rotates thereupon.Outer ring is connected with collector ring fixed mount, and collector ring fixed mount is connected with main spindle box.
In order to adapt to grinding or the polishing of Complex Surface Part, the elastomeric cross-sectional circumferential contouring of described revolution comprises the arc of certain curvature.
Above structure, polishing grinding equipment of the present invention comprises machine body and revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device.The top connection handle of revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device is connected with main spindle box bottom main tapping on machine body.Above machine body lower base, slide unit is provided with rotary table.Trade union college is on rotary table, and on workpiece, work surface contacts with revolution elastomer bottom.This revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device bottom is provided with grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal, and motor is installed on grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal.Revolution elastomer is installed on grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal by transmission mechanism, and transmission mechanism is connected with motor.Grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal top is connected with connection handle bottom.This revolution elastomer is provided with elastic body outside wheel hub, and elastic body can be inflation form or solid form.Outside can inlay, pastes, be provided with grinding pellet, sand paper or polishing polishing pad.Described revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device rotates under main tapping drives.Described revolution elastomer, by transmission mechanism, is rotated by driven by motor.Described rotary table can drive workpiece to turn round.Slide unit can drive rotary table translation.Described main spindle box can move up and down under the effect of column upper pillar stand transmission mechanism with crossbeam.Main spindle box can move left and right under the effect of crossbeam entablature transmission mechanism.Described grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal is connected with connection handle endoporus by flange, collet, nut.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention turns round elastomer structure or material on elastomer grinding and polishing device and has certain elasticity, itself and absorption surface area and contact can regulate, thus it is controlled to realize material removing rate.Further, add and abrasive particle can be made man-hour to have certain deformability, can be good at the non-imposed processing realizing grinding and polishing processing middle ideal; Outer elastomeric surface is inlayed, paste, be provided with grinding pellet, sand paper or polishing pad, can complete lapping and polishing two procedures in same equipment, and during attrition process, abrasive material consolidation, overcomes the defect that free abrasive grinding exists; Whole revolution elastomer polishing grinding equipment is installed on machine body, grinding and polishing device can revolve round the sun and can along main shaft axial feed under the drive of main shaft, the contact with certain pressure is formed with workpiece, revolution elastomer can at a high speed revolution under driven by motor, and workpiece can swivel feeding and translation feeding under the drive of turntable and slide unit.The compound of above-mentioned motion, together form desirable between abrasive particle and workpiece, complicated, uniform, without the grinding and polishing movement locus repeated, and it is ideal to remove function; The close contact of curved profile and workpiece outside revolution elastomer, can realize the controllable high-efficiency grinding and polishing processing of complex curved surface parts.The present invention is safe and reliable, and flexibility degree is high, and grinding and polishing device also can be installed on Multi-axle verticle lathe and use.By the control of computer program, can meet the grinding and polishing processing of current difficult-to-machine material, Complex Surface Part, and process velocity is high, crudy is stablized.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure principle chart of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is overall structure front view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is overall structure left view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is overall structure top view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device 3-D view of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device front view of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device left view of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device top view of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is revolution elastomer structure view of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the left view of Fig. 9.
In the drawings
1-machine body, 2-turns round elastomer grinding and polishing device, 3-workpiece, 4-collector ring fixed mount, 11-base, 12-column, 121-stand column transmission mechanism, 13-crossbeam, 131-beam transmission mechanism, 14-main spindle box, 141-main tapping, 15-rotary table, 16-slide unit, 21-turns round elastomer, 211-elastic body, 212-wheel hub, 213-grinds pellet, sand paper or polishing pad, 22-connection handle, 221-nut, 23-collector ring, 24-grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal, 25-motor, 26-transmission mechanism, 27-flange, 28-collet.
Detailed description of the invention
A kind of revolution elastomer polishing grinding equipment, as Figure 1-Figure 4, comprise machine body 1 and revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device 2, described revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device 2 top is connected with main tapping 141 by connection handle 22, can rotate under main tapping 141 drives.Above machine body 1 lower base 11, slide unit 16 is provided with rotary table 15.Workpiece 3 is installed on rotary table 15, and on workpiece 3, work surface contacts with revolution elastomer 21 bottom.Rotary table 15 can drive workpiece 3 to turn round.Slide unit 16 can drive rotary table 15 translation.Main spindle box 14 can move up and down under the effect of column 12 upper pillar stand transmission mechanism 121 with crossbeam 13.Main spindle box 14 can move left and right under the effect of crossbeam 13 entablature transmission mechanism 131.
As shown in Figure 5-Figure 8.This revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device 2 bottom is provided with grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal 24, motor 25 is installed on grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal 24, revolution elastomer 21 is installed on grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal 24 by transmission mechanism 26, and transmission mechanism 26 is connected with motor 25.Revolution elastomer 21 passes through transmission mechanism 26, by motor 25 driven rotary.Grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal 24 top is connected with connection handle 22 bottom endoporus by flange 27, collet 28, nut 221.Collector ring 23 inner ring is connected with connection handle 22 lower circumference, and rotates thereupon.Outer ring is connected with collector ring fixed mount 4, and collector ring fixed mount 4 is connected with main spindle box 14.
As shown in Figure 9.This revolution elastomer 21 is provided with elastic body 211 outside wheel hub 212, and elastic body 211 can be inflation form or solid form, and outside can be inlayed, paste, be provided with grinding pellet, sand paper 213 or polishing polishing pad 213.Revolution elastomer 21 cross-sectional circumferential contouring, by camber line and the rectilinear(-al) with certain curvature, can adapt to grinding or the polishing of Complex Surface Part.
Composition graphs 5, wherein θ c represent that revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device 2 take Z axis as the motion of rotating shaft, the rotary motion that machine tool chief axis is fixed a cutting tool can be regarded as; H represents independent, additional kinematic axis, and play reference role, the course of work of the present invention is as follows: the motor on revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device 2 drives revolution elastomer to rotate with certain speed; Meanwhile, main tapping drives whole polishing grinding equipment to rotate, and crossbeam drives main spindle box to be fed to desired location along main-shaft axis direction to surface of the work; Workpiece turns round under the drive of rotary table.Machining path suitable between workpiece and revolution elastomer is set, complicated, uniform grinding and polishing track can be formed between revolution elastomer and workpiece, and then complete the processing on the whole surface of workpiece.The position that on polishing grinding equipment lower end revolution elastomer curved profile, certain is corresponding on workpiece contacts, because revolution elastomer has certain elasticity, its surface is made to form the grinding and polishing contact area with definite shape, size with surface of the work, and keeping certain contact, contact area area (contact) can by adjustable elastic body air pressure inside or elastomeric material and main spindle's parameter change.Above-mentioned each machined parameters all can change under control of a computer program, therefore, by suitable controlling mechanism, can adapt to the grinding and polishing processing of Complex Surface Part.
The content that above-described embodiment is illustrated should be understood to these embodiments only for being illustrated more clearly in the present invention, and be not used in and limit the scope of the invention, after having read the present invention, the amendment of those skilled in the art to the various equivalent form of value of the present invention has all fallen into the application's claims limited range.

Claims (10)

1. a revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device, it is characterized in that, comprising the wheel hub (212) for being contained in rotating shaft, surrounding the elastic body (211) of the annular on wheel hub (212) periphery, and the grinding element be fixed on elastic body (211) periphery or polishing element.
2. revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described grinding element is grinding pellet or sand paper; Described polishing element is polishing pad.
3. revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the annular element that described elastic body (211) makes for inflatable structure or elastomeric material.
4. revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described grinding element or polishing element are fixed on elastic body (211) outer surface by the form of inlaying or paste.
5. according to the revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device one of claim 1-4 Suo Shu, it is characterized in that, described wheel hub (212) side is provided with and drives described wheel hub (212) pivotal drive unit by rotating shaft.
6. turn round an elastomer polishing grinding equipment, it is characterized in that, comprise machine body (1) and the revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device (2) as described in one of claim 1-5; Described machine body (1) comprises base (11), this base (11) is provided with the slide unit (16) that can move forward and backward; The rotary table (15) for placing workpiece to be processed (3) described slide unit (16) is equipped with; Described rotary table (15) top is provided with the main spindle box (14) that can move up and down, the main tapping (141) of this main spindle box (14) is connected with described revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device (2), described revolution elastomer (21) is equipped with and drives described wheel hub (212) pivotal drive unit, the grinding element of this revolution elastomer (21) or polishing element are contacted with the upper surface of described workpiece to be processed (3) when the work of revolution.
7. revolution elastomer polishing grinding equipment according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, column (12) described base (11) is equipped with, this column (12) is equipped with can the crossbeam (13) that moves up and down of column (12) relatively, and this crossbeam (13) is equipped with can the described main spindle box (14) that moves left and right of crossbeam (13) relatively.
8. revolution elastomer polishing grinding equipment according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, the main tapping (141) of described main spindle box (14) is connected with the connection handle (22) being contained in described revolution elastomer grinding and polishing device (2) top, this connection handle (22) bottom is connected with grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal (24), described revolution elastomer (21) is arranged in this grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal (24) by transmission mechanism (26), this grinding and polishing mechanism pedestal (24) is equipped with and drives described wheel hub (212) pivotal motor (25).
9. revolution elastomer polishing grinding equipment according to claim 8, is characterized in that, collector ring (23) is equipped with in described connection handle (22) bottom; The inner ring of described collector ring (23) can rotate with connection handle (22), and the outer ring of this collector ring (23) is connected with the collector ring fixed mount (4) be contained on main spindle box (14).
10. according to the revolution elastomer polishing grinding equipment one of claim 6-9 Suo Shu, it is characterized in that, the cross-sectional circumferential contouring of described revolution elastomer (21) comprises the arc of certain curvature.
CN201610014825.8A 2016-01-08 2016-01-08 Rotary elastomer and grinding-polishing equipment Pending CN105563300A (en)

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CN108637874A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-10-12 厦门大学 Three Degree Of Freedom sphere rotation type grinding and polishing device
CN110411801A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-11-05 北京融通创维科技发展有限公司 Soil sampling making apparatus and its soil subpackage apparatus

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108637874A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-10-12 厦门大学 Three Degree Of Freedom sphere rotation type grinding and polishing device
CN110411801A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-11-05 北京融通创维科技发展有限公司 Soil sampling making apparatus and its soil subpackage apparatus

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