CN105557062B - For the EPC enhancing close to service - Google Patents

For the EPC enhancing close to service Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105557062B
CN105557062B CN201480048266.1A CN201480048266A CN105557062B CN 105557062 B CN105557062 B CN 105557062B CN 201480048266 A CN201480048266 A CN 201480048266A CN 105557062 B CN105557062 B CN 105557062B
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China
Prior art keywords
wtru
prose
example
configured
session
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CN201480048266.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105557062A (en
Inventor
M·瓦特法
王冠宙
S·艾哈迈德
L-H·孙
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交互数字专利控股公司
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Priority to US201361842877P priority Critical
Priority to US61/842,877 priority
Priority to US201361880822P priority
Priority to US61/880,822 priority
Application filed by 交互数字专利控股公司 filed Critical 交互数字专利控股公司
Priority to PCT/US2014/045453 priority patent/WO2015003153A1/en
Publication of CN105557062A publication Critical patent/CN105557062A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105557062B publication Critical patent/CN105557062B/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/10Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on priority criteria
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W12/00Security arrangements, e.g. access security or fraud detection; Authentication, e.g. verifying user identity or authorisation; Protecting privacy or anonymity ; Protecting confidentiality; Key management; Integrity; Mobile application security; Using identity modules; Secure pairing of devices; Context aware security; Lawful interception
    • H04W12/04Key management, e.g. by generic bootstrapping architecture [GBA]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W36/00Hand-off or reselection arrangements
    • H04W36/0005Control or signalling for completing the hand-off
    • H04W36/0011Control or signalling for completing the hand-off for data session or connection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W36/00Hand-off or reselection arrangements
    • H04W36/0005Control or signalling for completing the hand-off
    • H04W36/0011Control or signalling for completing the hand-off for data session or connection
    • H04W36/0022Control or signalling for completing the hand-off for data session or connection for transferring sessions between adjacent core network technologies
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/80Services using short range communication, e.g. near-field communication [NFC], radio-frequency identification [RFID] or low energy communication
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W76/00Connection management
    • H04W76/20Manipulation of established connections
    • H04W76/23Manipulation of direct-mode connections
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/02Terminal devices
    • H04W88/06Terminal devices adapted for operation in multiple networks or having at least two operational modes, e.g. multi-mode terminals

Abstract

It discloses for reporting mobility event and/or the system reacted to mobility event, ways and means.Wireless transmitter/receiver unit (WTRU) may include processor, which is configured to be used at least partially for: establish with the 2nd WTRU close to service (ProSe) session;The generation of mobility event in cellular network is detected when the ProSe session is carrying out;One or more of type of type and ProSe session based on mobility event determines the type about the ProSe session action to be executed;And node in the cellular network is transmitted a notification to, wherein the notice includes the instruction about the ProSe session action to be executed.Node can be evolved node B (eNB), close to one of server and mobility management entity (MME).Node can be the 2nd WTRU.

Description

For the EPC enhancing close to service

Cross reference to related applications

This application claims U.S. Provisional Patent Application No.61/842,877 filed on July 3rd, 2013 and in Septembers, 2013 U.S. Provisional Patent Application No.61/880 filed in 20 days, 822 equity, each of which content entirely through reference side Formula is hereby incorporated by.

Background technique

Within a wireless communication network, such as in mobile network, wireless transmitter/receiver unit (WTRU) can be used various logical Believe agreement and network node communication.One or more WTRU in WTRU can be communicated directly with neighbouring WTRU, for example, with very Close another WTRU communication and/or with close to server communication.It can be from a kind of radio access technologies close to wireless device (RAT) another RAT is changed to.

Summary of the invention

It discloses for reporting mobility event and/or the system reacted to mobility event, ways and means.Example Such as, wireless transmitter/receiver unit (WTRU) may be configured to establish close service (ProSe) session with the 2nd WTRU, The generation that mobility event in cellular network is detected when ProSe session carries out, is based on mobility event type and ProSe conversation class One or more of type is determined will execute by the type of the movement executed for ProSe session, and based on identified Node of the movement into cellular network transmit notice.For example, the notice may include the movement to execute about ProSe session Instruction.The node can be evolved node B (eNB), close to server, mobility management entity (MME) and/or in honeycomb Other nodes in core network.In one example, the node for receiving the notice can be involved in the ProSe session Two WTRU.

It is logical that WTRU may be configured to transmit this in one or more of RRC information, NAS message or application layer messages Know.For example, WTRU may be configured to transmit the notice via application layer control plane to application server.The WTRU can be matched It is set to and transmits the notice to MME, and the notice may include mobility event information.WTRU may be configured to receive mobility Order.WTRU may be configured to transmit notice when WTRU receives the mobility order.WTRU may be configured to transmit Notice, which includes the instruction for how continuing ProSe session in terms of mobility event.For example, WTRU can indicate this ProSe session will continue via WLAN (WLAN) (such as Wi-Fi).For example, ProSe session can be in mobility event Continue when including changing between system via WLAN.

It includes continuing the notice of the instruction of ProSe session via internet that WTRU, which may be configured to transmission,.For example, ProSe session can continue via internet when mobility event corresponds to circuit switched fallback (CSFB).WTRU can be by It is configured to the notice that transmission includes the instruction of instruction pause ProSe session.For example, ProSe session can be in mobility event pair It should be suspended in some situations of CSFB.In one example, WTRU may be configured to mobility event correspond to by Transmission includes the notice of the instruction of pause ProSe session when system changes between the RAT caused by CSFB.WTRU may be configured to Such as transmission includes the notice of the instruction of pause ProSe session when switching (HO) between mobility event corresponds to PLMN.WTRU Transmission includes the notice of the instruction of pause ProSe session when may be configured to the HO between mobility event corresponds to RAT.WTRU It may be configured to the notice of such as instruction of the transmission including pause ProSe session when mobility event corresponds to HO in RAT. WTRU may be configured to for example send via radio access network (RAN) node of such as evolved node B for ProSe meeting The session management of words is requested.

The example of mobility event includes the request for executing the circuit switched fallback (CSFB) for voice call, radio Switch between change or public land mobile network (PLMN) between the system switched between access technology (RAT).

Can the generation based on mobility event and for ProSe session execute movement example include pause ProSe Session continues ProSe session using WLAN, continues the session etc. via internet.WTRU may be configured to transmission more than one A notice, such as multiple notices can be sent from multiple applications.As an example, the notice from some different applications can In succession by sending to indicate to apply specific action for what is taken about pending or ongoing mobility event.

Detailed description of the invention

Figure 1A is the system diagram that can be implemented within the example communication system of one or more disclosed embodiments;

Figure 1B is example wireless transmitter/receiver unit (WTRU) used in the communication system that can show in figure 1A System diagram;

Fig. 1 C is example radio access network and example core network used in the communication system that can show in figure 1A System diagram;

Fig. 1 D is example radio access network and example core network used in the communication system that can show in figure 1A System diagram;

Fig. 1 E is example radio access network and example core network used in the communication system that can show in figure 1A System diagram;

Fig. 2 is the exemplary figure for showing end user's equipment (WTRU) and arriving WTRU communication;

Fig. 3 be show one or more WTRU communicated via radio access network (RAN) (such as e node B) it is exemplary Figure;

Fig. 4 is the exemplary figure shown with the consistent safe code key level of embodiment;

Fig. 5 is the flow chart for dispatching the example technique of ProSe connection;

Fig. 6 is to show the example for being used to indicate the flag bit that corresponding MAC-SDU is used in the header of ProSe portfolio Diagram;

Fig. 7 shows the example for the dedicated bearer establishing techniques initiated of the MME close to connection;

Fig. 8 shows the example of the foundation of the ProSe communication path via eNB, the dedicated bearer initiated including PCRF;

Fig. 9 shows another example of the foundation of the ProSe communication path via eNB, dedicated the holding including PCRF initiation It carries.

Specific embodiment

The detailed description of illustrated embodiment is described referring now to the drawings.Although detailed this description provides that may implement Thin example, it should be noted that these details are schematical and are in no way intended to limit scope of the present application.

Figure 1A is the figure in the example communication system 100 that one or more disclosed embodiments wherein can be implemented.It is logical Letter system 100 can be to multiple wireless users and provide the more of content, such as the transmission of voice, data, video, message, broadcast etc. Access system.Communication system 100 can make multiple wireless users by system resource (including wireless bandwidth) share and access these Content.For example, one or more channel access methods, such as CDMA (CDMA) can be used in communication system 100, the time-division is more Location (TDMA), frequency division multiple access (FDMA), orthogonal FDMA (OFDMA), Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA) etc..

As shown in Figure 1A, communication system 100 may include wireless transmitter/receiver unit (WTRU) 102a, 102b, 102c, And/or 102d (it usually or is on the whole referred to as WTRU 102), radio access network (RAN) 103/104/105, core net 106/107/109, public switch telephone network (PSTN) 108, internet 110 and other networks 112.Although it is understood that Disclosed embodiment considers any amount of WTRU, base station, network and/or network element.WTRU 102a,102b, Each of 102c, 102d can be arranged to any kind of equipment for being operated and/or being communicated in wireless environments.Make For example, WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c, 102d can be configured to send and/or receive wireless signal, and may include using Family equipment (UE), base station, fixation or moving user unit, pager, cellular phone, personal digital assistant (PDA), intelligence electricity Words, laptop, net book, personal computer, wireless sensor, consumption electronic product etc..

Communication system 100 can also include base station 114a and base station 114b.Each of base station 114a, 114b can be It is configured to wirelessly dock at least one of WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c, 102d one or more in order to access Communication network, such as any kind of equipment of core net 106/107/109, internet 110 and/or network 112.As showing Example, base station 114a, 114b can be base transceiver station (BTS), node B, the node B (e node B) of evolution, home node-b, Family e node B, site controller, access point (AP), wireless router etc..Although each of base station 114a, 114b are retouched State as individual element, it should be understood that, base station 114a, 114b may include any amount of interconnection base station and/or Network element.

Base station 114a can be a part of RAN 103/104/105, and RAN 103/104/105 can also include other bases It stands and/or network element (not shown), such as base station controller (BSC), radio network controller (RNC), relay node etc.. It can configure base station 114a and/or base station 114b to that wireless signal, the area are sent and/or received within specific geographical area Domain can be referred to as cell (not shown).Cell can also be divided into cell sector.For example, with the associated cell of base station 114a Three sectors can be divided into.Therefore, in one embodiment, base station 114a may include three transceivers, i.e., one Transceiver is used for a sector of cell.In another embodiment, multiple-input and multiple-output can be used in base station 114a (MIMO) technology, therefore multiple transceivers can be used for each sector of cell.

Base station 114a, 114b can be by air interfaces 115/116/117 and WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c, 102d One or more communication, the air interface 115/116/117 can be any suitable wireless communication link (for example, Radio frequency (RF), microwave, infrared (IR), ultraviolet light (UV), visible light etc.).Any suitable radio access technologies can be used (RAT) Lai Jianli air interface 115/116/117.

More specifically, as described above, communication system 100 can be multi-access systems, and one or more can be used Channel access scheme, such as CDMA, TDMA, FDMA, OFDMA, SC-FDMA etc..For example, the base in RAN 103/104/105 Such as Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) terrestrial radio access can be used in stand 114a and WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c (UTRA) wideband CDMA (WCDMA) Lai Jianli air interface 115/116/ can be used in radio technology, the radio technology 117.WCDMA may include the communication protocol of such as HSPA (HSPA+) of high-speed packet access (HSPA) and/or evolution.HSPA It may include high-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA) and/or High Speed Uplink Packet access (HSUPA).

In one embodiment, the land UMTS of such as evolution can be used in base station 114a and WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c Ground is wirelessly electrically accessed the radio technology of (E-UTRA), which can be used long term evolution (LTE) and/or advanced LTE (LTE-A) Lai Jianli air interface 115/116/117.

In one embodiment, such as IEEE 802.16 can be used in base station 114a and WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c (that is, World Interoperability for Microwave Access, WiMax (WiMAX)), CDMA2000, CDMA20001X, CDMA2000EV-DO, tentative standard 2000 (IS-2000), tentative standard 95 (IS-95), tentative standard 856 (IS-856), global system for mobile communications (GSM), GSM The radio technology of the enhanced data rates (EDGE) of evolution, GSM EDGE (GERAN) etc..

Base station 114b in Figure 1A may, for example, be wireless router, home node-b, family e node B or access point, And any RAT appropriate can be used to facilitate the wireless connection in regional area, the regional area is, for example, business field Institute, house, vehicle, campus etc..In one embodiment, base station 114b and WTRU 102c, 102d can be implemented for example The radio technology of IEEE 802.11 establishes WLAN (WLAN).In another embodiment, base station 114b and The radio technology of such as IEEE 802.15 can be used to establish wireless personal area network (WPAN) in WTRU102c, 102d.Another In kind of embodiment, base station 114b and WTRU 102c, 102d can be used based on cellular RAT (for example, WCDMA, CDMA2000, GSM, LTE, LTE-A etc.) Lai Jianli picocell or Femto cell.As shown in Figure 1A, base station 114b can have Have to internet 110 and is directly connected to.Therefore, base station 114b can not need to be linked into via core net 106/107/109 Internet 110.

RAN 103/104/105 can be communicated with core net 106/107/109, and the core net 106/107/109 can be with One or more offer voices, data, application and/or base into WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c, 102d are provided In any kind of network of voice (VoIP) service of Internet protocol etc..It is exhaled for example, core net 106/107/109 can provide It is control, billing of services, the service based on shift position, prepaid call, internet connection, video distribution etc. and/or executes Enhanced security feature, such as user authentication.Although being not shown in Figure 1A, it should be understood that RAN103/104/105 and/or core Heart net 106/107/109 can carry out directly from using with other RAN of the identical RAT of RAN 103/104/105 or different RAT Or indirectly communication.For example, other than being connected to and the RAN 103/104/105 of E-UTRA radio technology is used, core Heart net 106/107/109 can also be communicated with another RAN (not shown) of gsm radio technology is used.

Core net 106/107/109 can function as WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c, 102d are linked into PSTN 108, because The gateway of special net 110 and/or other networks 112.PSTN 108 may include providing the electricity of plain old telephone service (POTS) Road switched telephone network.Internet 110 may include the whole world of the interconnected computer networks and equipment using common communicating protocol System, the agreement for example have transmission control protocol (TCP), User Datagram Protocol (UDP) in TCP/IP Internet protocol group With Internet protocol (IP).Network 112 may include by other service providers possess and/or run wired or wireless communication Network.For example, network 112 may include the core net for being connected to one or more RAN, which can be used and RAN 103/104/105 identical RAT or different RAT.

Some or all of WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c, 102d in communication system 100 may include multi-mode energy Power, i.e. WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c, 102d may include for being led in different radio chain Lu Shangyu different networks Multiple transceivers of letter.For example, WTRU 102c shown in Figure 1A can be configured to communicate with base station 114a, the base station 114a can be used based on cellular radio technology, and communicate with base station 114b, and IEEE can be used in the base station 114b 802 radio technologies.

Figure 1B is the exemplary system diagram of WTRU 102.As shown in Figure 1B, WTRU 102 may include processor 118, transmitting-receiving Letter machine 120, speaker/microphone 124, keyboard 126, display/touch tablet 128, irremovable is deposited at transmitting/receiving element 122 Reservoir 130, removable memory 132, power supply 134, global positioning system (GPS) chipset 136 and other peripheral equipments 138. It should be understood that WTRU 102 can be when keeping consistent with embodiment, any sub-portfolio including aforementioned components.And And the node that embodiment considers base station 114a and 114b and/or base station 114a and 114b and can indicate (such as but does not limit to In transceiver station (BTS), node B, site controller, access point (AP), home node-b, evolved home node-b (e node B), Home evolved Node B (HeNB), Home evolved Node B gateway and agent node etc.) may include Figure 1B describe and Some or all of elements described herein.

Processor 118 can be general processor, application specific processor, conventional processors, digital signal processor (DSP), Multi-microprocessor, one or more microprocessors associated with DSP core, controller, microcontroller, specific integrated circuit (ASIC), field programmable gate array (FPGA) circuit, the integrated circuit (IC) of any other type, state machine etc..Processing Device 118 can be performed Signal coding, data processing, power control, input/output processing and/or run on WTRU 102 wirelessly Any other function in environment.Processor 118 may be coupled to transceiver 120, and the transceiver 120 can be coupled to hair Penetrate/receiving element 122.Although Figure 1B describes processor 118 and transceiver 120 is individual component, it should be appreciated that , processor 118 and transceiver 120 can be integrated in together in Electronic Packaging or chip.

Transmitting/receiving element 122, which can be configured as, sends signal to base station by air interface 115/116/117 (for example, base station 114a), or signal is received from base station (for example, base station 114a).For example, in one embodiment, emitting/connecing Receiving element 122 can be configured as sending and/or receiving the antenna of RF signal.In another embodiment, transmitting/reception Element 122 can be configured as sending and/or receiving the transmitter/detector of such as IR, UV or visible light signal.Another In kind embodiment, transmitting/receiving element 122, which can be configured as, sends and receives both RF and optical signal.It should be appreciated that hair Penetrate/receiving element 122 can be configured as transmission and/or receive wireless signal any combination.

In addition, though transmitting/receiving element 122 is described as individual element in fig. ib, but WTRU102 may include Any number of transmitting/receiving element 122.More specifically, such as MIMO technology can be used in WTRU 102.Therefore, in one kind In embodiment, WTRU 102 may include for sending and receiving the two of wireless signal by air interface 115/116/117 A or more transmitting/receiving element 122 (for example, mutiple antennas).

Transceiver 120 can be configured as modulation will by signal that transmitting/receiving element 122 is sent and/or demodulation by 122 received signal of transmitting/receiving element.As mentioned above, WTRU 102 can have multi-mode ability.Therefore transmitting-receiving letter Machine 120 may include the multiple transceivers for communicating WTRU 102 via the RAT of multiple such as UTRA and IEEE 802.11.

The processor 118 of WTRU 102 may be coupled to following equipment, and it is defeated user can be received from following equipment Enter data: speaker/microphone 124, keyboard 126 and/or display/touch tablet 128 are (for example, liquid crystal display (LCD) is shown Unit or Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display unit).Processor 118 can also export user data to loudspeaker/Mike Wind 124, keyboard 126 and/or display/touch tablet 128.In addition, processor 118 can be from any kind of memory access appropriate Ask information, and can store data into any kind of memory appropriate, for example, non-removable memory 130 and/or Removable memory 132.Non-removable memory 130 may include random access memory (RAM), read-only memory (ROM), The memory devices of hard disk or any other type.Removable memory 132 may include Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) card, note Recall stick, secure digital (SD) storage card etc..In other embodiments, processor 118 can be from not having geographically On WTRU 102, such as the memory access information on server or home computer (not shown), and can be with It stores data in the memory.

Processor 118 can receive electric energy from power supply 134, and can be configured as distribution and/or control to WTRU The electric energy of other component in 102.Power supply 134 can be any suitable equipment powered to WTRU 102.For example, power supply 134 may include one or more dry cells (for example, ni-Cd (NiCd), nickel zinc (NiZn), ni-mh (NiMH), lithium ion (Li-ion) etc.), solar battery, fuel cell etc..

Processor 118 is also coupled to GPS chip group 136, and the GPS chip group 136, which can be configured as, provides pass Location information (for example, longitude and latitude) in 102 current location WTRU.In addition, except from GPS chip group 136 information or Alternatively, WTRU 102 can be received by air interface 115/116/117 from base station (for example, base station 114a, 114b) Location information and/or its position is determined based on the timing from two or more neighbor base station received signals.It should be appreciated that WTRU 102 can obtain location information by any location determining method appropriate when keeping the consistency of embodiment.

Processor 118 is also coupled to other peripheral equipments 138, and the peripheral equipment 138 may include one or more It is multiple that bells and whistles, function and/or the software and/or hardware modules of wired or wireless connection are provided.For example, peripheral equipment 138 It may include accelerometer, electronic compass, satellite transceiver, digital camera (for photo or video), universal serial bus (USB) port, vibratory equipment, television transceiver, Earphone with microphone, bluetoothModule, frequency modulation (FM) are wireless Electric unit, digital music player, media player, video game machine module, explorer etc..

Fig. 1 C is the system diagram of the RAN 103 and core net 106 according to embodiment.As mentioned above, RAN 103 can It is communicated by air interface 115 with WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c using UTRA radio technology.RAN 103 can also and core Heart net 106 communicates.As shown in Figure 1 C, RAN103 may include node B 140a, 140b, 140c, node B 140a, 140b, Each of 140c includes one or more receipts for being communicated by air interface 115 with WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c Sender.Each of node B 140a, 140b, 140c can be associated with the specific cell (not shown) in RAN 103.RAN 103 can also include RNC 142a, 142b.It should be understood that RAN 103 is when keeping the consistency of embodiment, it can be with Including any number of node B and RNC.

As shown in Figure 1 C, node B 140a, 140b can be communicated with RNC 142a.In addition, node B 140c can be with RNC 142b communication.Node B 140a, 140b, 140c can be communicated with RNC 142a, 142b respectively by Iub interface.RNC 142a, 142b can be in communication with each other by Iur interface.Each of RNC 142a, 142b can be arranged to control each of its connection Node B 140a, 140b, 140c.In addition, each of RNC 142a, 142b can be configured to perform or support other function Can, such as open sea wharf, load control, admission control, packet scheduling, switching control, macro-diversity, security function, data Encryption etc..

Core net 106 shown in Fig. 1 C may include Media Gateway (MGW) 144, mobile switching centre (MSC) 146, clothes Business GPRS Support Node (SGSN) 148, and/or Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN) 150.Although each quilt of aforementioned components It is described as the part of core net 106, it should be appreciated that any one of these elements can be core network operators Entity possess and/or run.

RNC 142a in RAN 103 can be connected to the MSC 146 in core net 106 by IuCS interface.MSC 146 It can connect to MGW 144.MSC 146 and MGW 144 can be provided to WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c to circuit-switched network The access of (such as PSTN 108), in order to logical between WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c and conventional land line traffic equipment Letter.

RNC 142a in RAN 103 can also be connected to the SGSN 148 in core net 106 by IuPS interface.SGSN 148 can connect to GGSN 150.SGSN 148 and GGSN 150 can be provided to grouping and be handed over to WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c The access of switching network (such as internet 110), in order to the communication between WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c and IP enabled device.

As described above, core net 106 may also connect to network 112, network 112 may include by other service providers Other wired or wireless networks for possessing and/or runing.

Fig. 1 D is the system diagram of the RAN 104 and core net 107 according to embodiment.As mentioned above, RAN 104 can It is communicated by air interface 116 with WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c using E-UTRA radio technology.RAN 104 can also be with Core net 107 communicates.

RAN 104 may include e node B 160a, 160b, 160c, but it is understood that, RAN 104 may include any The e node B of quantity and keep the consistency with various embodiments.Each of eNB 160a, 160b, 160c may include one Or more transceiver for being communicated with WTRU102a, 102b, 102c by air interface 116.In a kind of embodiment In, MIMO technology can be used in e node B 160a, 160b, 160c.Therefore, mutiple antennas can be used for example in e node B 160a To send wireless signal to WTRU 102a and/or receive from it wireless signal.

Each of e node B 160a, 160b, 160c can be associated with specific cell (not shown), and can be configured For processing wireless resource management decision, handover decisions, user's scheduling in uplink and/or downlink etc..Such as figure Shown in 1D, e node B 160a, 160b, 160c can be in communication with each other by X2 interface.

Core net 107 shown in Fig. 1 D may include mobility management entity (MME) 162, gateway 164 and/or Packet data network (PDN) gateway 166.Although each of foregoing units is described as a part of core net 107, should manage It solves, any one in these units can be possessed and/or be runed by the entity other than core network operators.

MME 162 can be connected to each of e node B 160a in RAN 104,160b, 160c via S1 interface, And it can be used as control node.For example, MME 162 can be responsible for authenticating the user of WTRU102a, 102b, 102c, bearing activation/ Deactivate, WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c initial attachment during selection particular service gateway etc..MME 162 can be with Control plane function is provided, for other RAN in RAN 104 and use such as other of GSM or WCDMA radio technology Switch between (not shown).

Gateway 164 can be connected to via S1 interface e node B 160a in RAN 104,160b, 160c it is each It is a.Gateway 164 usually can be to/from WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c routing and forwarding user data packets.Gateway 164 can also be performed other function, such as user plane are anchored during switching between eNB, when down link data is for WTRU Trigger paging, management when 102a, 102b, 102c are available and store WTRU 102a, the context (context) of 102b, 102c etc. Deng.

Gateway 164 may be also connected to PDN Gateway 166, and PDN Gateway 166 can be to WTRU102a, 102b, 102c The access of packet switching network (such as internet 110) is provided, in order to WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c and IP enabled device Between communication.

Core net 107 can be in order to the communication with other networks.For example, core net 107 can to WTRU102a, 102b, 102c provides the access to circuit-switched network (such as PSTN 108), in order to WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c and traditional land Communication between ground route communication equipment.For example, core net 107 may include IP gateway (such as IP multimedia subsystem (IMS) Server), or communicate, the IP gateway is as the interface between core net 107 and PSTN 108.In addition, core net 107 The access to network 112 can be provided to WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c, which may include being provided by other services Other wired or wireless networks that quotient possesses and/or runs.

Fig. 1 E is the system diagram of the RAN 105 and core net 109 according to embodiment.RAN 105 can be using IEEE The access service network that 802.16 radio technologies are communicated by air interface 117 with WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c (ASN).As discussed further below, the different function entity of WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c, RAN 105 and core net 109 Between link can be defined as reference point.

As referring to figure 1E, RAN 105 may include base station 180a, 180b, 180c and ASN gateway 182, it is to be understood that It is that RAN 105 may include any number of base station and ASN gateway and be consistent with embodiment.Base station 180a, 180b, Each of 180c can be associated with specific cell (not shown) in RAN 105 and may include one or more by aerial The transceiver that interface 117 is communicated with WTRU102a, 102b, 102c.In one embodiment, base station 180a, 180b, 180c MIMO technology can be used.Therefore, base station 180a for example using mutiple antennas come to WTRU102a send wireless signal, or from its Receive wireless signal.Base station 180a, 180b, 180c can provide mobile management function to ps domain, such as calling switching (handoff) touching Hair, tunnel foundation, provided for radio resources management, business classification, service quality (QoS) strategy execution etc..ASN gateway 182 can be with It serves as service hub, and duty pager, cache user data (profile), is routed to core net 109 etc..

Air interface 117 between WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c and RAN 105, which can be defined as, implements IEEE 802.16 the R1 reference point of specification.In addition, each of WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c can establish logic with core net 109 Interface (not shown).Logic interfacing between WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c and core net 109 can be defined as R2 reference point, It can be used for certification, authorization, (host) configuration management of IP host and/or mobile management.

Communication link between each of base station 180a, 180b, 180c can be defined as include convenient for WTRU switching and The R8 reference point for the agreement that data shift between base station.Communication link between base station 180a, 180b, 180c and ASN gateway 182 can To be defined as R6 reference point.R6 reference point may include for promoting based on each pass with WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c The agreement of the mobile management of the mobility event of connection.

As referring to figure 1E, RAN 105 can connect to core net 109.Communication chain between RAN 105 and core net 109 Road can be defined as including the R3 reference point for example convenient for data transfer and the agreement of mobility management capabilities.Core net 109 can To include mobile IP home agent (MIP-HA) 184, certification, authorization, charging (AAA) server 186 and gateway 188.Although preceding The each element stated is described as the part of core net 109, it should be appreciated that any one in these elements can be by not It is that the entities of core network operators possesses and/or runs.

MIP-HA can be responsible for IP address management, and WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c can be made in different ASN and/or not With the internetwork roaming of core net.MIP-HA 184 can provide packet switching network (such as because of spy to WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c Net 110) access, to promote the communication between WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c and IP enabled device.Aaa server 186 can be with It is responsible for user authentication and supports user service.Gateway 188 can promote and other network interworkings.For example, gateway 188 can be to WTRU102a, 102b, 102c provide circuit-switched network (such as PSTN 108) access, with promote WTRU102a, 102b, Communication between 102c and conventional land line traffic equipment.In addition, gateway 188 can be mentioned to WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c It is supplied to the access of network 112, network 112 may include other the wired or nothings for being possessed and/or being runed by other service providers Gauze network.

Although not showing in fig. ie, it should be appreciated that RAN 105 can connect to other ASN, and core net 109 can connect to other core nets.Communication link between RAN 105 and other ASN can be defined as R4 reference point, can To include the ambulant agreement for coordinating WTRU 102a, 102b, 102c between RAN 105 and other ASN.Core net Communication link between 109 and other core nets can be defined as R5 reference point, may include promote local core net and by Access the agreement of the intercommunication between core net.

Fig. 2, which is depicted, shows the exemplary figure that direct wireless transmitter/receiver unit (WTRU) arrives WTRU communication.Fig. 3 describes The example that one or more WTRU are communicated via radio access network (RAN) (such as evolved node B (eNB)) is shown Figure.Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 is all shown can be by the WTRU of the participation ProSe session different types of ProSe communication technology used Example (for example, direct communication and/or the RAN node by base station, node B, eNB etc. are communicated).

As shown in Fig. 2, they can be able to use directly if the equipment of such as WTRU1201 and WTRU2202 are closer to each other Mode data path is connect to be communicated.Fig. 2 shows the Direct Model data path in, WTRU1201 and WTRU2202 can To directly communicate with each other and be considered " connection " (such as after suitable process (such as certification)).WTRU1201 With WTRU2202 can in the data path for communication do not include 203,204 and SGW/PGW of eNB 205 in the case where into Row communication.Term " direct ProSe communication " used herein, which can refer to without using other network nodes, routes the WTRU of communication Between communication (such as participate in ProSe session WTRU between have direct air interface).

As shown in Figure 3, if the equipment of such as WTRU1301 and WTRU2302 are closer to each other, they can be able to use The data path of localized routing is communicated.In the data path of the localized routing for example shown in Fig. 3, WTRU1301 and WTRU2302 is connected to each other by eNB 303, does not need data by other nodes in core net to route (for example, being not required to It is related to service or packet gateway).In another example, data path can be routed by gateway, not need to be related to Packet gateway.Term " indirect ProSe communication " used herein, which can refer to using at least one network node, routes communication Communication between WTRU, but ProSe communication can not had to be related to the external network for example, by internet by routing indirectly Route the packet gateway (for example, PDN Gateway) of communication.Therefore, indirect ProSe communication can pass through one or more 3GPP networks Node (such as RAN node, S-GW etc.) is routed, and the communication does not have to the external network (example being sent to except 3GPP network Such as, without being routed to the external network of such as internet by P-GW/PDN-GW).

Framework shown in Fig. 2 and 3 can be used for implementing based on optimal close service path for data exchange.

In Internet protocol (IP) data exchange between one or more users, WTRU can be via such as internet Network is communicated.But communication (such as the data path routed by cellular core network can be related to) via internet It can cause in one or more WTRU from signaling and/or routing excessive when obtaining close.In this case, the number between WTRU It can be enhanced according to path.For example, the data path between WTRU can be enhanced it is possible thereby to for example be connect using LTE radio Mouth or WLAN RAT directly establish IP connection (such as can be carried out as illustrated in fig. 2).In one example, data road Diameter can be by routing data road via radio access network (RAN) (such as via evolved node B (eNB)) between WTRU Diameter and be enhanced, without being related to other core net nodes shown in such as Fig. 3.Although showing two in Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 WTRU, but one group of WTRU can be participated in close to session.It can be with for another example close to the enhanced data path of service Be the RAN being related in cellular network and gateway but do not include other cellular core network nodes (such as packet gateway) (such as Its bigger network that typically could interface to such as internet) data path.

Mobility event (such as predictable mobility event) can to interrupt existing close to session.It can close to session To be related to one or more nodes, such as in the case where group communication.Close to session can be related to one or more WTRU and/ Or close to the communication between server (pServer).PServer can be able to carry out other based on close communication session It is involved in the discovery of WTRU.PServer can be involved in the control based on close communication session.For that can occur Mobility event (switching or rollback for example, event between system, such as from RAT to another RAT), do not notify other Node or participation may cause close to session and interrupted suddenly based on close service.Although can not used into one close to application Step is attempted to rebuild the session in the case where acting, but the reconstruction may continue to failure, because being likely difficult to according to mobile sexual behavior Part properly re-routes the communication.If do not taken after mobility event occurs movement (such as via for example because Another network of spy's net continues the session via another RAT etc.), then it can discover close to the user of WTRU involved in session To the service experience of difference.The communication party being related to can be informed that mobility event and/or may be the response of node therewith.

WTRU may be configured to execute for one or more pending mobility to be handled or considered close to ession for telecommunication The process of event.It can be movable between one or more WTRU close to session.It can be related in the system close to session Other nodes (for example, close to server).Close to server can be included in evolution block core (EPC) network neutralize/ Or interface is to EPC network.For example, may be configured to communicate with mobility management entity (MME) close to server.Close to service Device may be coupled to other nodes (for example, via direct interface or via the communication path routed) in EPC.Close to service Device can be connected to one or more EPC nodes, such as MME via internet.MME can be related to close in session, such as In the case where WTRU belongs to different public land mobile network (PLMN).It can be related to such as during the foundation close to session The EPC node of MME.

Various mobility events can be influenced close to session.For example, close to a WTRU in WTRU involved in session It is known that or have found that it is likely that influence ProSe session pending mobility event.As an example, in ProSe session wherein One WTRU can request execute for voice call circuit switched fallback (CSFB) and/or system between change (such as due to Switch between RAT).Based on determining that mobility event just occurring or will occur, WTRU may be configured to trigger notice to connecing Each of entity involved in nearly session entity.For example, the notice can be sent to the node (example for being responsible for establishing session Such as close to server, MME, another core net node, one or more RAN nodes) and/or for the IP number close to session According to node involved in exchange (such as WTRU, eNB etc.).

WTRU may include processor, be configured at least partly for establishes and the 2nd WTRU close to service (ProSe) session.WTRU may be configured to establish the ProSe session with the 2nd WTRU, the inspection when ProSe session is carrying out The generation of the mobility event in cellular network is surveyed, one of mobility event type and ProSe conversation type or more are based on Person determines type about the ProSe session action to be executed, and based on determining action to be executed to honeycomb Node in network transmits notice.For example, the notice may include the instruction about ProSe session action to be executed.It should Node can be evolved node B (eNB), close in server, mobility management entity (MME) and/or cellular core network Other nodes.In one example, the node for receiving the notice can be the 2nd WTRU involved in ProSe session.

When used here as when, send instruction about mobility event or notice may refer to instruction mobility event will Occur or has occurred and that and/or indicate according to pending mobility event action to be executed.For example, WTRU can determine that it will Change is between executing system to execute CSFB.WTRU can send other WTRU of mobility event being indicated in the session, This may include indicate mobility event generation and/or may include WTRU send according to pending mobility event will be by another One equipment execute movement (such as with keep close to session continue and/or limit as caused by active termination ProSe session take Business is interrupted).

WTRU (such as may be configured to send close to WTRU involved in session) includes about pending mobility event Information be indicated to close to the side in session participant (involved party) or in many ways to promote resource coordination.It is mobile Sexual behavior part may include change between such as system as caused by CS service (such as CSFB or supplement service), switching in RAT (HO), switching between RAT, HO between PLMN (such as using HO in RAT or between RAT), Wi-Fi unloading (such as flow grade or carrying in IP The PDN connection of each of grade or mobile PDN connection), the Cell Change Order of network assistance etc..As an example, in order to describe, Mobility event is considered when the processing for initiating mobility event starts, which includes for mobile sexual behavior The request of part, for mobility event initiate request, mobility event initiation, pending mobility event and/or mobility The completion etc. of event.Here it is so-called it is ambulant may include for the request of mobility event, for mobile sexual behavior The request of the initiation of part, the initiation of mobility event, pending mobility and/or completion of mobility event etc..

WTRU may be configured to conclude that there are mobility events when certain measurement reports can be sent.For example, WTRU can be concluded that when certain measurement reports that indication signal intensity drops in given threshold value can be sent and/or work as needle There are mobility events when can be sent to the measurement report of the particular measurement event configured by lower level (such as RRC). WTRU can determine that mobility event is occurring or will occur based on mobility message is received.Mobility message can wrap RRC information, switching command are included, such as RRC connection reconfiguration sets message (including the mobility information IE from eNB) etc..It can be by Registration for close to service WTRU can send notification to one or more of other nodes, wherein the WTRU with this Other a little nodes are established close to service.For example, can be registered for can be once for CSFB close to the WTRU of service Pending request (such as due to mobile voice/supplement service request for initiating (MO) and/or Mobile Termination (MT)) just sends notice To one or more of other nodes, wherein the WTRU is established with these other nodes close to service.It is registered use In close to service may include in activity close in session, with for close to the ability serviced, approached by network advertisement Service is supported and/or is allowed for WTRU, has already registered with close to one or more of server etc..It indicates pending or comes The notice of the mobility event faced can for example be sent out via NAS message, radio resource control (RRC) message or via application Send (such as notifying as application layer data).

WTRU may be configured to for example, sending mobile sexual behavior to application server via application layer control or user plane The instruction that part has been triggered or will be triggered.In one example, application server can be based on the movement from WTRU Sexual behavior part notifies to trigger to the notice participated in close to one or more WTRU in other WTRU of session.In an example In, application server can be given and be participated in close to one in other WTRU of session based on other logics, event and/or configuration triggering The notice of a or multiple WTRU.Application layer-triggered can be used to participating in close to one in other WTRU of session in application server The notice of a or multiple WTRU.Application server can notify mobility event to close to server.It can be incited somebody to action close to server The notice is forwarded to the side or multi-party in participant, such as connects via in participant and/or close to what is supported between server Mouth (for example, NAS, IP etc.).MME can be notified close to server.MME can notify to can be close to a part of session its His node.

WTRU may be configured to send the instruction about pending mobility event to MME.MME can be received from WTRU and be closed In the instruction of pending mobility event.MME can identify the Indigenous knowledge (local of the MME about pending mobility event knowledge).MME for example can identify Indigenous knowledge in the CSFB request for handling Mobile Termination.MME can be saved to other Point sends the instruction about the pending mobility event.Other nodes can include but is not limited to can to participate in close to session its His MME, close to server, eNB, LGW etc..Finger of the NAS message to the transmission of other nodes about mobility event can be used in MME Show.MME can be to the instruction sent close to server about pending mobility event.MME can be used close to server to send Instruction come to other equipment/side (such as close to other WTRU and/or application server in session) send about may send out The ambulant instruction of raw possibility.Finger can be used based on the Indigenous knowledge of the mobility event about WTRU close to server Show with to other equipment/side (such as close to other WTRU and/or application server in session) send about may occur The ambulant instruction of possibility.It can be via can support close to server and application server the two nodes close to server Between communication interface to application server send indicate.

WTRU may be configured to the instruction sent close to server about pending mobility event.It can close to server To receive the instruction about pending mobility event from WTRU.It can be sent close to server to other nodes about mobile sexual behavior The instruction that part occurs.For example, eNB changes between can ordering WTRU execution system.WTRU can be received from eNB for executing system Between the order that changes.ENB may be noted that other WTRU close to session that can be participated in the WTRU, can answer for the WTRU With the mobility event.ENB can send other WTRU and/or network for being indicated to the participation session of pending mobility event In other nodes.For example, eNB, which can send RRC information, gives other WTRU.ENB can indicate to participate in RRC information close The WTRU of session just undergoes mobility event.If crossing over multiple eNB close to session, eNB can be sent about mobile sexual behavior What part occurred is indicated to other eNB for participating in this close to session.ENB can be sent to MME about mobility order and/or movement The instruction of sexual behavior part.MME can take action to notify mobility event to participation close to other WTRU of session.MME It can send and indicate to other WTRU via new and/or existing S1AP message.ENB can be for example directed to MME transmission can The instruction for the one or more mobility events in mobility event that can occur.ENB for example can may know that WTRU at it Between other WTRU at least one close to session (for example, directly WTRU to WTRU transmit, via eNB close to session Deng) when to MME send the instruction that occurs about the mobility event.ENB can eNB can issue mobility order it is rear to MME sends the instruction occurred about mobility event.ENB can be before eNB can issue mobility order for example based on it The instruction occurred about mobility event can be sent from the received measurement report of WTRU to MME.These measurement reports can make Obtaining mobility order will be issued by eNB.

WTRU may be configured to for example via can directly or via network node send NAS and/or RRC information to Other WTRU send the instruction occurred about mobility event.In one example, WTRU can pass through via MME and/or eNB NAS message sends the instruction occurred about mobility event to other WTRU.In one example, WTRU can be logical via eNB It crosses RRC information and sends the instruction occurred about mobility event to other WTRU.WTRU can via NAS and/or RRC information to MME and/or eNB sends the instruction occurred about mobility event.MME and/or eNB can for example disappear via NAS and/or RRC It ceases to send to other WTRU and notify.

WTRU is configured to the type of mobility event about taking one or more movements close to session And/or instruction will be acted by other equipment or the one or more of node execution.For example, from LTE network entity (for example, assuming that can To support via LTE close to service) it can be suspended close to session to change between the pending system of another RAT, terminate Or continue (for example, via internet, via WLAN etc.).It can be taken when mobility event is pending one or more possible Movement.Such as when mobility event is pending, it can suspend close to service.Participate in wherein one or more sections of mobility event Point can be informed that the type of the mobility event and/or mobility event.

In one example, the instruction that WTRU is sent can specifically include action to be executed.The instruction that WTRU is sent It may include that the instruction of mobility event type and receiving node can be wanted based on the determination of the type for the mobility event being instructed to The type for the movement being taken.WTRU can be based on (such as type (such as the direct ProSe meeting of ProSe session of different standard Words, indirect ProSe session, direct ProSe session type (such as via RAN routing, via S-GW routing etc.))), answer Type (such as public safety applications, game type applications, chat application etc.), the type of mobility event are (for example, eNB Interior switching, switching between eNB, switching, CSFB between switching, RAT in RAT, for CSFB, PLMN change for the service of supplement etc.) select Suitable movement.For example, wherein ProSe communication passes through RAN node (example if ProSe session is indirect ProSe communication session Such as eNB) it is routed, and the type of mobility event implies that the RAN node serviced WTRU changes (for example, cutting RAT Change, switching etc. between eNB), then WTRU, which can be determined, terminates the ProSe session.If RAN node will not change, WTRU can Continue the session with determination or suspends the session finite time to complete mobility event.

The type of mobility event can be depicted as describing different types of mobile process, such as since CSFB causes RAT between, between PLMN, in RAT etc..Receiving node can be close to server, MME, WTRU, eNB etc..According to mobility event Type, receiving node can the determination type of action to be taken.In one example, receiving node can determine that service is answered When being suspended.In one example, WTRU can to close in session participant and/or equipment to send include being taken The instruction of the type of movement.WTRU can send the instruction including the movement to be taken of receiving node.The movement can describe to connect Receive node can do anything.For example, pause movement can notify receiving node to suspend the session but not delete the upper and lower of the session Text.The session can be suspended a period of time.The instruction that WTRU is sent may include the period corresponding to the pause.For example, When receiving the instruction that should suspend ProSe service, receiving node can be true based on the timer value for including in the instruction Surely suspend length.In one example, blocking period timer length value can be set or be pre-configured with.Timer can be by User is arranged.The length of timer can be arranged by operator.

Node or equipment can keep ProSe session context when receiving the instruction of ProSe session pause, at least directly Until timer expires.For example, WTRU can be received from another WTRU since mobility event will suspend the finger of ProSe session Show.The instruction may include timer length.The timer can be set when receiving the instruction by receiving WTRU.If counting When device expire before without continue or rebuild ProSe session, then ProSe context can be deleted by receiving WTRU.For example, pause ProSe session can be kept, until timer expire and/or until receive delete the context (example is explicitly indicated Such as during the period of timer) until.The instruction for suspending ProSe session can be by close to server, MME, application service Device or the initiation entity that can send the instruction etc. are sent.

WTRU is configured to mobility event and to restore ProSe session.In one example, ProSe session can be resumed after the WTRU for participating in mobility event is returned.The WTRU of return may be configured to Other entities send the new instruction for restoring ProSe session.For example, the mobility event of the instruction can be completed and be triggered The WTRU of associated mobile process, which can send WTRU to node and return and can restore the second of the session, to be referred to Show.WTRU can include instruction for restoring the signal of ProSe session to sending close to server.It can lead to close to server Know that its other party and/or the equipment WTRU return and/or session restores.WTRU can be locally configured and/or have by network, MME, eNB, close to the configuration of the offers such as server.WTRU can have the configuration for different ProSe sessions.WTRU can have There is the configuration for different movements, these difference movements can be according to the configuration pin for given ProSe session to different type Mobility event be performed.For example, given ProSe configuration can indicate whether the session is temporary during mobility event Stop and/or whether specific application is suspended (such as foundation applies (per application)) during mobility event.User Rule can be set, the rule can define whether session can be suspended.Such as the rule can according to application and by Definition.

WTRU may be configured to continue to approach service via WLAN (such as WLAN is directly or via AP).WTRU can be by It is configured to continue to approach service via WLAN during mobility event and/or when mobility is predicted.It can for example move It include for indicating that the session can be moved to the movement of WLAN to participant in the instruction of dynamic sexual behavior part.Mobility event (such as changing between system) may be used as continuing the triggering close to session for (such as via WLAN).It is related to mobility event The WTRU of connection can indicate one or more WLAN parameters, these WLAN parameters can be used for continuing via WLAN the session and/ Or session is continued.The parameter can be preconfigured and/or for network entity (such as MME, close to server etc.) institute Know.Network entity can be forwarded for example during instruction network entity can to other nodes (such as can be related to other WTRU) the parameter sent.Receiving WTRU can be used the notice received and/or parameter to continue the session by WLAN.

WTRU may be configured to continue to approach service via internet.WTRU is configured to certain form of Mobility event to determine the given ProSe session of termination.For example, certain class mobility event (such as CSFB) can trigger WTRU terminates certain form of ProSe session (such as removing ProSe context) and/or (such as passing through internet) continues other The ProSe session of type.Mobile process can be related to the foundation of new bearer and/or connect with the PDN of WTRU and/or can be by being Uniting, the IP address provided is associated to have reusing for carrying.One or more received mobility event instructions of WTRU can So that WTRU modifies packet filter, the IP grouping of the thus session can be held by can be provided to the connection of internet It carries to send.

In addition to send mobility event instruction and/or for pending mobility event and the instruction of the movement to be taken it Outside, WTRU may be configured to send the second instruction about ProSe session.For example, second instruction can be sent by WTRU with Instruction before cancellation.In an example, if first indicates that (example occurs for the mobility event in the future by WTRU based on prediction Such as based on measurement) it sends, then mobility event can keep not being performed and/or terminating not occur.WTRU then can It can continue to refer to close to the second of session to send notice after determining that the mobility event of prediction no longer threatens service disruption Show.For example, if there is that can not be held with suspended CSFB request, radio link failure or due to lower level failure Change between row system etc., then the mobility event predicted can keep not being performed and/or can continue close to session.

Receiving node (such as the WTRU for receiving mobility event instruction) is configured to the reception of instruction to adopt Take one or more movements.It is received that the movement taken by receiving node may or may not be explicitly comprised in receiving node In mobility event instruction.It can be when receiving the instruction about mobility event, (for example, such as referring to for example, receiving WTRU Show and indicated in message, via action message element etc.) execute the movement of triggering.Instruction about mobility event can be from another One WTRU, MME, eNB is received close to server etc..In one example, reception WTRU, which may be configured to determination, to be adopted The movement taken, even if the type for the movement that notification message does not have explicit instruction to be taken.For example, being received for given application WTRU can be determined when receiving mobility event instruction by establishing and/or modifying one associated with ProSe session Or multiple carryings etc. by internet continue the session.WTRU may be configured to come based on each application in mobility Taken during event with close to the related movement of session.WTRU can take different move for each of application application Make.WTRU can have matching for the movement for describing to take when WTRU receives such instruction for each application It sets.

WTRU may be configured to be provided by network (such as MME, eNB or close to server) about when mobility event can The rule and/or configuration which can take act when being pending and/or positive generation.It can be for each application definition rule And/or configuration.The movement to be taken can depend on mobile process and have occurred and that, carry out or be expected to send out It is raw.For example, WTRU can suspend session if mobility event is carrying out, and if mobility event has been expected Occur, then WTRU can attempt to continue the session via internet.

WTRU and/or network (such as MME, eNB or close to server) can call one based on each application Or multiple movements.When mobility event can be pending and/or positive generation, WTRU and/or network can be used and retouch here The one or more options in the option for the movement that can be taken stated.In one example, it is applied for one, WTRU Session can be suspended, and for the second application, WTRU can be determined to be switched to WLAN or be continued the session by internet.One In a example, close to server it is contemplated that WTRU is to be not useable for approaching service.It can be for example due to moving close to server Dynamic property causes WTRU to leave (such as between RAT in the case where mobility) period from WTRU and/or application server and/or MME Receive the ambulant instruction about WTRU.Can be predetermined or determining operator by the holding of the context of WTRU close to server Period.

WTRU may be configured to determine the right times for sending the instruction about mobility event.For example, sending The time of instruction can depend on the type of mobility event.WTRU may be configured to for example in its reception mobility order When, when changing between its decision executes system due to the order from RAN, and/or in its decision due to the local in WTRU The instruction is sent when determining and executing change between system.WTRU can be sent when sending CSFB request about ambulant finger Show.In one example, WTRU can send expansion service request to MME to request the mobile CSFB that initiates to request or receive movement The CSFB of termination is requested.

If MME sends the instruction to ProSe WTRU, MME can the transmission when it becomes to know pending mobility event The instruction.For example, MME is receiving to come from WTRU after receiving CSFB request if mobile process corresponds to CSFB CSFB request after, provided from surveyed position from mobile switching centre (MSC) and/or on gateway (SG) interface in MME Source (VLR) obtain CSFB request after etc., the instruction can be sent.MME can change (example between it notifies eNB execution system Such as due to CSFB) when thereto one or more nodes send the instruction.ENB can its can issue mobility order to Refer to when WTRU (such as switching or RRC release with redirection or Cell Change Order) to MME and/or other WTRU transmission Show.WTRU for example can know pending urgent call via the emergency by PS or the emergency by CS at it When send instruction request.For example, if other nodes know urgent call, then other nodes can send instruction request.One In a example, MME can send instruction request when WTRU requests urgent call.Urgent call can be for emergency CSFB or IMS emergency bearer service etc..

In one example, WTRU (such as about CSFB) may be configured to send expansion service request to receive or refuse Exhausted CSFB request or the mobile initiation request of request.WTRU (such as about CSFB) may be configured to include being held in instruction It is capable, for its it is ongoing wherein one or more close to session movement.The movement can be included in can be by In the NAS message that WTRU is sent for CSFB.MME can for example based on include information in the instruction from WTRU take it is dynamic Make to handle close to session (for example, terminate, suspend, be moved to internet etc.).The instruction can illustrate termination close to session Request.MME, which can have, can notify the rule close to session how is handled for each application.WTRU can be configured At including movement for each application in each instruction.WTRU is configured to application type and sends one or more A (such as different) instruction is acted to be treated differently close to session.The recipient of the instruction can based on the application come Receive different type of action.Multiple instructions can be sent to a WTRU, for example, wherein each instruction can define it is each The type of action of application.WTRU can receive multiple instructions, wherein each instruction can define the type of action of each application.

WTRU may be configured to reregister with when it returns to LTE network close to server.In one example, If WTRU is executed in LTE, HO, WTRU be may be configured to when it returns to LTE network between HO and/or RAT between-PLMN It reregisters with close to server.WTRU can reregister with MME.MME can notify that the WTRU returns to this close to server In system.The return of WTRU can trigger close to server and its any close mark that can be supplied to WTRU is reassigned.It connects Nearly server can notify other nodes WTRU to return.Other nodes can include but is not limited to that other WTRU, other are close Server, application server etc..It can notify other nodes that can restart close to service close to server.For example, if WTRU and Idle mode signaling between network reduce (ISR) be it is movable, then WTRU can execute tracking area update (TAU) with to MME notifies its return.MME may be configured to the return close to server notice WTRU.If approached during HO between RAT Session is switched to WLAN, and WTRU may be configured to session such as being configured based on carrier policy, network instruction, WTRU LTE is switched back into from WLAN.

WTRU may be configured to detection mobility event.WTRU may be configured to determine pending and/or occur Mobility event type.In one example, WTRU may be configured to determine whether mobility event is since CS takes Change between system caused by being engaged in.WTRU may be configured to determine whether mobility event is to change between the system as caused by CSFB Become.WTRU may be configured to determine whether mobility event is to change between servicing caused system due to CS supplement.WTRU can To be configured to determine whether mobility event is HO in RAT.WTRU may be configured to determine mobility event whether be HO between RAT.WTRU may be configured to determine whether mobility event is HO between PLMN.WTRU may be configured to determine movement Whether sexual behavior part is HO between the PLMN having in RAT.WTRU may be configured to determine whether mobility event is between RAT HO between the PLMN of HO.WTRU may be configured to determine whether mobility event is Wi-Fi unloading.WTRU may be configured to really Determine whether mobility event is to flow the Wi-Fi unloading at grade in IP.WTRU may be configured to determine mobility event whether be Wi-Fi unloading at carrying grade.WTRU may be configured to determine whether mobility event is each in mobile PDN connection The Wi-Fi of a PDN connection is unloaded.WTRU may be configured to determine mobility event whether be network assistance cell change life It enables.

WTRU may be configured to determine the type of the ProSe session implied by mobility event.WTRU can be configured It whether is direct ProSe session at determining ProSe session.WTRU may be configured to determine whether ProSe session is indirect ProSe session.

WTRU may be configured to determine the type of application involved in ProSe session.WTRU may be configured to determine Using whether being chat application.WTRU may be configured to determine whether application is game application.WTRU may be configured to really Whether fixed application is search application.WTRU may be configured to determine whether application is mail applications.WTRU may be configured to Determine whether application is social media application.WTRU may be configured to determine whether application is news application.

WTRU may be configured to determine for the movement to be taken of application involved in ProSe session.WTRU can be by It is configured to whether the movement that determination to be taken will suspend ProSe session.For example, if mobility event is CSFB, then WTRU can be with It is configured to determine whether the movement to be taken will suspend ProSe session.For example, if mobility event is since CSFB causes RAT between, WTRU may be configured to whether the movement that determination to be taken will suspend ProSe session.For example, if mobile sexual behavior Part is switched between PLMN, then WTRU may be configured to whether the movement that determination to be taken is ProSe session to be suspended.Such as such as Fruit mobility event is switched between RAT, then whether the movement that WTRU may be configured to that determination to be taken will suspend ProSe meeting Words.For example, if mobility event is that whether switching, the then movement that WTRU may be configured to that determination to be taken will suspend in RAT ProSe session.WTRU may be configured to whether the movement that determination to be taken will continue ProSe session via WLAN.Such as such as Fruit mobility event is changed between system, then whether the movement that WTRU may be configured to that determination to be taken will continue via WLAN ProSe session.WTRU may be configured to whether the movement that determination to be taken is to continue ProSe session via internet.Example If WTRU may be configured to whether the movement that determination to be taken will continue via internet if mobility event is CSFB ProSe session.WTRU may be configured to whether the movement that determination to be taken will terminate ProSe session.

WTRU may be configured to the node that determination will be notified the movement taken for ProSe session.WTRU can be by It is configured to determine whether to notify eNB for the movement to be taken of ProSe session.For example, if ProSe session is indirect ProSe session, WTRU may be configured to determine whether to notify eNB for the movement to be taken of ProSe session.WTRU can Whether should be notified close to server with being configured to determine for the movement to be taken of ProSe session.WTRU can be configured At determining whether should to notify close to server for the movement to be taken of ProSe session, for example, if the movement to be taken is If terminating ProSe session.WTRU may be configured to determine whether to notify to want close to server for ProSe session The movement taken, for example, if if the movement to be taken will suspend ProSe session.WTRU may be configured to determine whether to answer When notice close to server be directed to the movement to be taken of ProSe session, for example, if the movement to be taken be will via WLAN after If continuous ProSe session.WTRU may be configured to determine whether to notify to take close to server for ProSe session Movement, for example, if the movement to be taken is if continuing ProSe session via internet.WTRU may be configured to really It is fixed whether to notify close to server for the movement to be taken of ProSe session, for example, if the application being related to is social matchmaker If body is applied.For example, if the application being related to is news application, then WTRU may be configured to determine whether to notify to connect Nearly server is directed to the movement to be taken of ProSe session.For example, if the application being related to is game application, then WTRU can be matched It is set to and determines whether to notify close to server for the movement to be taken of ProSe session.For example, if between ProSe session is ProSe session is connect, then WTRU may be configured to determine whether to notify to take close to server for the ProSe session Movement.WTRU may be configured to determine whether to notify MME for the movement to be taken of ProSe session.For example, if ProSe session is indirect ProSe session, then WTRU may be configured to determine whether to notify MME for the ProSe session The movement to be taken.WTRU may be configured to determine whether to notify one or more WTRU to adopt for ProSe session The movement taken.For example, if the movement to be taken is to suspend and/or terminate the application that ProSe session and ProSe session are related to It is chat application, then WTRU may be configured to determine whether to notify one or more WTRU to adopt for ProSe session The movement taken.For example, if the movement to be taken is to suspend and/or terminate to answer involved in ProSe session and ProSe session With being game application, then WTRU may be configured to determine whether to notify one or more WTRU to want for ProSe session The movement taken.For example, if ProSe session is direct ProSe session, then WTRU may be configured to determine whether to lead to Know close to server for the movement to be taken of ProSe session.

Can be defined at one or more grades congestion control and/or mitigate with allow efficient resource distribution to realize with ProSe communicates related signaling.One grade can refer to the congestion based on access point name (APN).WTRU can (such as via NAS signaling) there are the notice of congestion (such as in congestions based on APN) at specific APN for reception.WTRU may be configured to It receives Backoff timer (backoff timer).WTRU may be configured to avoid sending during the service life of Backoff timer The session management of APN corresponding to congestion or other NAS request (such as until Backoff timer expires).WTRU can be by It is configured to be avoided when Backoff timer is currently running for corresponding APN request carrying foundation and/or bearing modification process.

For example, WTRU may be configured to that request is avoided to build for adapting to may cause when Backoff timer is just run The change of the IP session of vertical new bearer.New bearer may include carrying associated with APN.WTRU may be configured to avoid sending out The session management for the signaling that may relate to whereabouts APN is sent to request.WTRU, which may be configured to avoid sending following session management, to be asked It asks, i.e. session management request may relate to the signaling that whereabouts may be coupled to the grouped data network gateway (PDN GW) of APN. But if there is close to service, may cause inefficient congestion control and/or mitigation using the Backoff timer based on APN, Such as because the data via communications such as eNB, MME can be related to close to service, but it is not directed to APN.The WTRU of modification is returned It moves back, such as WTRU may be configured to the case where sending close to session request (such as when APN congestion), can be used for controlling and gather around Plug and/or mitigation portfolio.

For example, fallback mechanism can be used for handling WTRU movement in the mode that timer is just running Shi Yigeng granularity.As One example, MME and/or SGSN can indicate the rollback and/or APN congestion of Internet service during APN congestion.WTRU can To receive the instruction that retracts.WTRU can avoid sending during the back-off period of instruction the request for the APN for implying congestion, still WTRU can still be allowed to send the session management request for close to service.Rollback instruction (such as using in NAS message grade The code at place) and/or message can indicate WTRU whether can send management request.WTRU can be allowed to send for close The session management of session is requested, this can be related to the network node other than PDN GW, such as MME close to session.WTRU is allowed to exist It is sent during back-off period and resource is arranged to MME based on close request and handles session management request while WTRU being prevented to taste It tries into APN, can permit the further congestion for continuing ProSe session while avoiding at PDN GW (such as APN).

WTRU may be configured to receive instruction from MME and/or SGSN, which includes Backoff timer, in the rollback It can permit one or more services (such as close service) during timer.MME and/or SGSN can indicate rollback timing Device can not allow other one or more services, such as PDN GW access during the Backoff timer.WTRU can be matched It is set to reception fallback mechanism, which may include instruction, which includes still being allowed to during back-off period The type that message is sent.For example, instruction can describe transmission strategy/process subset and/or the subset of NAS signaling can not be by Allow, and other signaling/processes can be allowed to.For example, MME, SGSN and/or other CN nodes can indicate for example for the moment It can forbid certain transmission in section.For example, can be can permit with the data transmission in no thoroughfare user face through control plane It transmits (such as other control planes in NAS or RRC), or vice versa.WTRU may be configured to from MME, SGSN and/or Other CN nodes receive instruction.MME, SGSN and/or other CN nodes can also be provided in the instruction with retract instruction and/or The list of the associated application of backing method.It indicates and/or orders to can be adapted for network (such as NAS or RRC) for example, retracting Description and/or according to being locally configured in WTRU and/or set application and/or service set.Rollback can be adapted for Non- ProSe service signaling.WTRU may be configured to execute ProSe signaling during back-off period.

WTRU may be configured to for example transmit mark on the radio to broadcast the support to specific application example And/or code.Code can be it is dedicated or correspond to specific application.WTRU is configured to have near discovery and just hold The WTRU of the example of row specific application simultaneously detects broadcast code.For example, the code may include that (such as being embedded in code) closes In user and/or the information for the application being executed on WTRU associated with the user.For example it is assumed that being the user of XX Using the application of referred to as test application (TestApplication), the code transmitted on the radio can be decoded and be solved It is translated into XX@TestApplication, can indicate that WTRU is just running TestApplication application and is being somebody's turn to do The user name using user of TestApplication is XX.WTRU may be configured to receive the code.WTRU can be matched It is set to using the code to detect and may just run other WTRU of the specific usernames/application combination.WTRU can have one Or multiple apply is running.As an example, WTRU may be configured to execute on the radio code n times transmission (such as its Middle N corresponds to the integer of N number of application in WTRU).WTRU can execute n times transmission to allow other WTRU for example using wide Method is broadcast and found which application and user found just executing on the WTRU.WTRU can be for example based on user and/or fortune Battalion quotient's preference and include each application priority level.Use for radio resource, the WTRU for executing multiple applications can be with Undergo the competition between multiple applications.It undergoes the WTRU of the competition between multiple resources to may be configured to triggering to use for wide Broadcast the trial of the radio resource of particular code.For example, the particular code of WTRU broadcast can indicate the positive competition nothing of multiple applications The mark of the application of line electric resources and/or instruction competition radio resource.

Use priority determines when using radio when WTRU may be configured to the code when broadcast for discovery Resource.WTRU can have limited resource for transmitting code and/or mark on the radio, so that other WTRU can It was found that WTRU may wish to participate in close to application needed for session.WTRU can have multiple applications, such as it can be configured For the transmission mark on radio resource and/or code to allow other WTRU to find.WTRU may be configured to transmission application Specific identifier and/or code, for example, by realize it is effective in a manner of allow WTRU thus to meet user to application using limited resources Demand.WTRU may be configured to be sequentially transmitted can be specific to the mark of application.WTRU may be configured to NAS layers of transmission and disappear Breath provides the list of the mark to be broadcasted to lower level (such as RRC).WTRU may be configured to using the lower level come with Orderly fashion broadcasts lower mark, until the list runs out.This sequentially can be supplied to lower level by NAS.

WTRU is configured to user's setting using NAS layers, and the NAS layers can have for broadcasting about application Different code and/or instruction priority.For example, user can have the resource for application to use via user interface Priority.User can carry out ranking to the application with certain priority.WTRU may be configured to by by lower level Corresponding mark is transmitted with higher frequency to transmit the higher application of ranking.For example, WTRU transmission be ranked as it is excellent with highest The transmission frequency of the application of first grade can be twice of the transmission frequency of the application with lower priority.WTRU can be similarly Handle the one or more application with same priority.When broadcast identification, WTRU can broadcast the mark of equal priority Know.WTRU can be with broadcast identification n times, and wherein N can be configuring in WTRU and/or via NAS, RRC, ANDSF, OTA etc. By the integer of network configuration.WTRU can broadcast the mark belonged to compared with low precedence.Application identities can be with one or more Mode is divided priority.

WTRU be configured to network strategy, subscription, using supplier setting etc. from network (such as MME, eNB, Close to server) priority level of the reception about each application.For example, can be that can have to connect for broadcasting using supplier The more resources of nearly correlated identities apply payment expense (premium).User can be received because changing default priority level Take.

WTRU may be configured to when WTRU may expect to change the priority level of application to network (such as eNB, MME Or close to server) send instruction.In one example, WTRU can be in the priority level that it may expect to change its application (because network must be ratified using limited resources according to the request and/or change of WTRU, such as authorizing priority change In the case of) when to network send indicate.WTRU may be configured to send priority list to network, and instruction WTRU wishes to assign To the relative priority for the application listed.WTRU can wait the response for carrying out automatic network.Request can be ratified or be disapproved to network Priority level.WTRU may be configured to receive the approval for resource changing from network or disapprove.It is preferential at NAS The change of grade can trigger the priority level updated to RRC notice.WTRU may be configured to for example using NAS, RRC or its His higher level signaling message (including but not limited to ANDSF, OMA DM, OTA, SMS etc.) and network exchange are for each application Priority level.

Priority level and/or rule can be in local plmn or different in visited PLMN according to WTRU.It is interviewed PLMN and/or it is local close to server (such as in visited PLMN) can obtain the preference of local plmn and can make about How the final decision of application (such as when WTRU in visited PLMN) is prioritized.Visited PLMN can provide priority list To WTRU.WTRU may be configured to receive the priority list from visited PLMN.WTRU can local use priority list, Such as to distribute the broadcast resource of each application.

WTRU may be configured to for example inhibit one whithin a period of time based on user's setting via user interface Or it is multiple using radio resource.WTRU may be configured to for example according to from close to server and/or network (such as ENB, MME etc.) new instruction determine whithin a period of time inhibit one or more application use radio resource.WTRU can be by It is configured to change it for the priority of application.WTRU may be configured to every N seconds change, and it is primary for priority of application, Wherein N can be it is being determined by network, being provided via NAS message, being provided via RRC information, match in advance in WTRU It is setting, be supplied to via ANDSF, OMA DM, SMS etc. WTRU etc. integer.WTRU may be configured to execute in WTRU excellent It waits for a period of time before the change of first grade.

WTRU may be configured to the load balance that Internet resources are executed between one or more WTRU.It is one or more WTRU can lose by the network coverage due to one or more, for example, one or more of reasons can be by Change between the system caused by CS service (such as CSFB or supplement service), HO between HO, PLMN between switching (HO), RAT in RAT (such as using HO in RAT or between RAT), Wi-Fi unloading (such as flow grade in IP or carry every at grade or in mobile PDN connection One PDN connection), the Cell Change Order of network assistance etc..WTRU (such as public safety WTRU) may be configured to be used as For the relaying for covering outer WTRU.Relaying WTRU can be in the network coverage.Relaying WTRU may be used as the master in WTRU group WTRU.Relaying WTRU may be used as can be in the bridge between the WTRU under the control of relaying WTRU.Relaying WTRU can pass through Trunk information is between the WTRU of a part that can be group as bridge.One or more relaying WTRU can be made With.For example, the first relaying WTRU may be configured to control (such as trunk information is to and from) one or more WTRU, thus the One relaying WTRU can cannot handle and/or permit new WTRU.First relaying WTRU may be configured to perhaps wishing quasi- Perhaps connection WTRU sends resource (such as temporary) not available instruction.Second relaying WTRU can reside in the first relaying WTRU Near may know that in region, but connects WTRU and may be unaware that the second relaying WTRU.Second relaying WTRU can have pair The performance and/or ability that the connection WTRU is permitted.First relaying WTRU can recommend to connect WTRU and (such as come in WTRU) to second relaying WTRU, such as it is possible thereby to relaying WTRU between (such as first relaying WTRU and second relaying WTRU Between) realize load balance.

Relaying WTRU may be configured to permit and/or control some number of possible WTRU for needing to service.First relaying WTRU may be configured to the connection WTRU for recommending to can request that allowance to the second neighbouring relaying WTRU, such as to realize load Balance and/or avoid congestion.First relaying WTRU is known that the 2nd WTRU as the second relaying WTRU.First relaying WTRU May be configured to identification may be used as the 2nd WTRU of the second relaying WTRU.First relaying WTRU may be configured to identify And/or response second relays the ability of WTRU permitted to connection WTRU.First relaying WTRU can be to the second relaying WTRU indicates that it can recommend connection WTRU to the second relaying WTRU.Second relaying WTRU can reply asking for the first relaying WTRU It asks.First relaying WTRU can indicate that it can request to permit to another WTRU to connection WTRU.First relaying WTRU can be to Connection WTRU indicates its 2nd WTRU connection that can be attempted and recommend.First relaying WTRU can provide one or more parameters Promote the connection with the second relaying WTRU to connection WTRU.Second relaying WTRU can be helped to the first relaying WTRU offer The WTRU of allowance is helped to obtain the parameter for the service that it can be requested.First WTRU can receive the parameter from the second relaying WTRU. The parameter may include that can for example be verified by the second relaying WTRU to ensure that the connection WTRU of request allowance be effective WTRU Password, the lower level configuration for connection, WLAN parameter (such as in the case where WLAN connection) etc..Relaying WTRU with connect The message exchanged between WTRU may be implemented as NAS and/or RRC information.

ENB may be configured to promote dispatching communication associated with ProSe connection.In the ProSe link road including eNB In diameter, eNB may be configured to receive by the data radio carrying (DRB) between two WTRU and/or forwarding is using number According to grouping.Communication path can be formed and not have to be related to other core net nodes.ENB can be for example by executing deep packet (DPI) is checked to distinguish ProSe data and other application business.ENB can be held when DRB can be exclusively used in non-ProSe communication Row DPI.ENB can ProSe business can on identical DRB (such as other application data can with other application data mixing To be routed via core net) Shi Zhihang DPI.In order to avoid (for eNB, DPI is perhaps that undesirable processing is negative to DPI Load), eNB can use dedicated DRB for ProSe business.

ENB may be configured to initiate the creation of the dedicated DRB for ProSe business.This is dedicated (such as it is new, newborn ) DRB can due to (such as from WTRU's) for ProSe application service request and be created.Dedicated (such as new, It is newborn) DRB can be created to be moved to business from the path common Evolved Packet Core (EPC) and be related to the ProSe of eNB Path.The creation of dedicated DRB can be executed, and is not had to using each of the canonical process for establishing EPS carrying process.Example It such as, is not using QoS metric configuration (such as priority bit rate (PBR) or the bucket size duration established for carrying (BSD, Bucket Size Duration) etc.) before EPC QoS frame, but the qos parameter for ProSe DRB can be with Leave eNB implementation for.ENB perhaps cannot be guaranteed the optimal setting of QoS metric, such as because eNB may be unaware that ProSe application Priority relationship between QoS demand and/or ProSe business and other application business.

In one example, one or more core net (CN) nodes may be configured to realize that WTRU to WTRU is dedicated holds It carries and establishes.For example, WTRU to WTRU dedicated bearer can be asked to network transmission to close to connection in WTRU in other situations It is established when asking.MME may be configured to receive from WTRU for the request close to connection.MME, which may be configured to establish, to be referred to To the carrying for perhaps wanting to set up two or more WTRU close to connection.Core net node except MME can initiate to mark Quasi- dedicated bearer establishment process.The nodes such as MME may be configured to introduce logic, technology and can in various network nodes and The corresponding signaling exchanged between WTRU is to establish WTRU to WTRU dedicated bearer.WTRU to WTRU dedicated bearer can be by approaching WTRU is used to exchange direct WTRU to WTRU data.

MME may be configured to for example receive request of at least one of which close to WTRU to connection is positioned proximate in MME When to close to server send for close to connection request.MME can be used network-based dedicated bearer establishment process and build Found the dedicated bearer.MME can establish for the dedicated bearer close to service and/or based on building from the response close to server Vertical dedicated bearer.In some instances, it can be used close to service for the non-dedicated carrying close to service and therefore based on net The dedicated bearer establishment process of network can not support the foundation for the dedicated bearer close to service.It in other examples, can be with Dedicated bearer is established to balance and promote ProSe business close to service for one or more.

ENB may be configured to scheduling ProSe connection.ENB may be configured to promote for the dedicated of ProSe connection The use of DRB.Any QoS metric and/or priority for ProSe DRB can be set in CN node other than eNB.ENB can To be configured to receive any QoS metric and/or priority that are used for ProSe DRB from CN node.ENB, which can be used, to be come from The instruction of WTRU is to determine priority and/or resource authorization for ProSe DRB.WTRU can indicate dispatching requirement.ENB can To receive dispatching requirement from WTRU.

Corresponding logic channel can be configured as single logic channel group (LCG), for example, if dedicated DRB be created with For the ProSe connection via eNB.Logic channel for ProSe business and the logic channel for other non-ProSe business (such as not being identical LCG) can be configured in different LCG.It can be in identical DRB via multiple ProSe business of eNB Above, it is carried out simultaneously on separated DRB etc..Corresponding logic channel can be configured in different LCG and/or in identical LCG, For example, if respective logical channels are on separated DRB.For example, if respective logical channels can be configured in identical LCG In, then may exist the limitation in the space LCG ID.

Buffer status reporting (BSR) can be for example by assigning dedicated LCG ID to react ProSe to ProSe logic channel The buffer size of business.ENB may be configured to for example by assigning dedicated LCG ID come authorization resources to ProSe logic channel To BSR etc..

WTRU may be configured to communicate using long BSR format via eNB scheduling ProSe.Long BSR format can indicate BSR includes the buffer size of various LCG.In BSR the sequence of LCG ID can indicate respective logical channels priority (such as when When using long BSR format).WTRU may be configured to building BSR and/or place the LCG of ProSe channel at the beginning of BSR ID, such as in the case where WTRU considers that ProSe business is higher priority.For example, if WTRU consider ProSe business be compared with Low priority, then WTRU may be configured to the end that the LCG ID of ProSe channel is placed on to BSR.

WTRU may be configured to be dispatched using short BSR format and communicate via the ProSe of eNB.Short BSR may include (example Such as can only include) buffer size of ProSe channel.Short BSR, which can be used, for example, in ProSe business, to be considered than other business Guarantee that ProSe business can be scheduled before other business in the case where having higher priority.Short BSR can be employed to ensure that ProSe business can be scheduled before other business, even if when that can be standardized according to current MAC and use long BSR.

Dedicated DRB can be configured for communicating via the ProSe of eNB.Other DRB may exist.Resource point between DRB With can be according to rule and/or parameter, such as when there is scheduling authorization from eNB.

ENB is configured to priority level and allocates resources to ProSe and non-ProSe business.WTRU can be incited somebody to action ProSe service identification is higher priority.WTRU can indicate the priority of ProSe business in BSR.The tune of ProSe business The buffer size (" a ") for the ProSe channel that degree authorization size is reported before being greater than.WTRU may be configured to distribution " a " It measures and gives ProSe channel.WTRU may be configured to the remainder of distribution resource to other logic channels, such as by following Bgical channel priority (LCP) process in 36.321 file of 3GPP TS.It can be with for the scheduling authorization size of ProSe business Less than the buffer size (" a ") for the ProSe channel reported before.WTRU may be configured to distribution one or more or all tune The resource of degree gives ProSe channel.

ProSe service identification can be lower priority by WTRU.WTRU can indicate the excellent of ProSe business in BSR First grade.Such as by following the LCP process in 36.321 file of 3GPP TS, it can satisfy one or more or all logic letters The priority bit rate in road (for example including the ProSe channel).WTRU may be configured to implement the PBR of ProSe channel.eNB It may be configured to be formed the PBR of ProSe channel.

After the PBR for meeting one or more or all channels, one or more resources can retain.WTRU can example The LCP process in 36.321 file of 3GPP TS is such as followed to distribute resource in interchannel.For example, can be according to the preferential of channel Grade assigns resource to channel.

Fig. 5 shows the flow chart of the example technique of the scheduling for ProSe connection.In 500, eNB can be from WTRU And/or network receives uplink grant.In 501, eNB determines ProSe priority level.If eNB determines ProSe priority It is compared with low precedence, in 503, WTRU can follow LCP to distribute resource in all interchannels.If ProSe priority It is higher level, in 502, eNB determines whether the uplink grant size of resource is greater than the buffer size of ProSe.If ENB determines that the uplink grant size of resource is less than the buffer size of ProSe business, and in 505, WTRU can be by all moneys Distribute to ProSe business in source.If eNB determines that the uplink grant size of resource is greater than the buffer size of ProSe, 504 In, the resource authorization of the buffer size of report can be distributed to ProSe by WTRU.If eNB is determined to be had separately in resource authorization Outer remaining resource, can follow LCP in 506, WTRU to distribute these remaining resources in other interchannels.ENB can be by It is configured in logic channel configuration signal include instruction, such as so that WTRU understands which logic channel can be exclusively used in ProSe business.

ENB may be configured to identify the stream for ProSe business using dedicated DRB.Using for ProSe business Dedicated DRB can make eNB avoid using deep packet inspection (DPI) for ProSe business.For example, ProSe applied business can It is carried with being carried initially through EPC, EPC carrying can carry ProSe and non-ProSe application data.ProSe business can be through The path ProSe is transferred to by eNB.ENB perhaps cannot reconfigure the dedicated DRB for ProSe business, such as due in addition Signaling or if the business may be switched back to the common path EPC.

Fig. 6 shows example in the header with flag bit, and it is to use which, which is used to indicate corresponding MAC-SDU, In ProSe business.ProSe business can share identical DRB and/or EPS carrying with other non-ProSe business.WTRU can To be configured to indicate that UL transmission is for ProSe and/or non-ProSe data.WTRU can protocol stack random layer (such as In IP, PDCP, RLC, MAC or combinations thereof) in include the instruction.For example, WTRU can be in the corresponding matchmaker for being directed to the logic channel The instruction is added in body access control (MAC) sub-header.Certain reserved flag bit can be used in WTRU.For example, such as institute in Fig. 6 Show, " P " flag bit in 601, header can serve to indicate that corresponding MAC Service Data Unit (SDU) for ProSe industry Business.In Fig. 6,600 be the example of Medium Access Control (MAC) Protocol Data Unit.If resource exists, MAC PDU600 is can be generated in MAC layer.? In Fig. 6, MAC PDU may include the pending data that can be used for transmission and/or BSR MAC control element (CE).MAC PDU can be with Including MAC header, zero or more MAC Service Data Unit (MAC SDU), zero or more MAC control element (CE).MAC header All there is variable-size with MAC SDU.MAC PDU header includes one or more MAC PDU sub-header.Each sub-header is corresponding In MAC SDU and/or MAC control element.MAC PDU sub-header includes six header fields R 606, P 601, E 602, LCID 603, F 605 and L 604.MAC PDU sub-header can have and corresponding MAC SDU, the identical sequence of MAC control element. LCID field 603 is Logical Channel ID field.LCID field can identify the logic channel example of corresponding MAC SDU, corresponding MAC The type of control element is believed for downlink sharied signal channel (DL-SCH), uplink shared channel (UL-SCH) and multicast The filling in road (MCH).

RLC entity may insure that RLC-PDU includes the RLC- of the non-link (non-concatenated) of ProSe data SDU and other non-ProSe RLC-SDU, such as to guarantee that a MAC-SDU is carried and other application data point on identical LC The ProSe data (such as only ProSe data) opened.One or more instruction can be added to can entity (such as PDCP, RLC and/or MAC entity) between in the primitive (primitive) that uses, such as with help these layers of identification ProSe data with it is non- ProSe data.PDCP for example just can carry ProSe application data to entity (RLC) instruction PDCP SDU at least below. PDCP can by define (such as this purpose before undefined) primitive (such as new primitive) of these interlayers come Instruction PDCP SDU is just carrying ProSe application data.Other primitive can be defined between other layers.Primitive can be used for DL And/or UL business.For example, RLC can turn when rlc layer knows that the data of reception and/or processing are for ProSe data It to the PDCP layer instruction data is to be used for ProSe data when (such as by using new primitive) hair data.

WTRU may be configured to execute comprising ProSe data or non-ProSe data (such as only ProSe or non-ProSe number According to) transmission.It is also non-ProSe application that it is for ProSe that WTRU, which can indicate to transmit (Tx) to eNB,.ENB may be configured to It is also non-ProSe application that identification (such as can know always) Tx, which is for ProSe,.

Fig. 7, which is shown, to be for example used for when MME can be received from at least one of which WTRU that is related to close to connection request The example for the dedicated bearer establishing techniques that the MME of the close connection is initiated.MME may be configured to initiate ProSe local path Carrying is established.WTRU can be sent for the request close to connection to network.MME can be received from WTRU for close connection The request.MME may be configured to be set to point to the carrying for perhaps wanting to set up two or more WTRU close to connection. MME can be established when MME is received from wherein one or more WTRU for participating in ProSe session close to connection request via eNB For the ProSe communication path close to connection.

In Fig. 7, in ECM connection mode and that can be had been found that in 707, WTRU1701 and WTRU2702 This.WTRU2702 can be had been found that in 707, WTRU1701.NAS request can be sent to MME 704 in 708, WTRU1701 And/or MO ProSe connection request.NAS request and/or MO ProSe connection request may include WTRU1701 ProSeID and IP address and/or it can be used for the other parameters of the session, the ProSeID of WTRU2702 and/or application identities.NAS request and/ Or MO ProSe connection request can indicate that WTRU1701 may desire to establish ProSe session with WTRU 702.The message may be used also With include WTRU ProSe PDN connection link load identification (LBI, linked bearer identity), and/or WTRU IP session between 701 and WTRU702 business polymerization description (TAD, traffic aggregate description) and/ Or the QoS of request.The execution of ProSe server 706 can be requested to the authorization of the session (for example, being directed in 709, MME 704 The ProSeID and/or application identities of WTRU1701 and WTRU2702).710, ProSe server 706 can be to MME 704 Notice is that WTRU1701 and WTRU2702 authorizes the session for given application.ProSe server 706 can be returned and is used for The business polymerization description (TAD) of communication between WTRU1701 and WTRU2702 and/or required QoS.MME 704 can be based on The QoS needed for TAD/ of the 707 received information architectures for WTRU1701 and WTRU2702.MME 704 can be used by WTRU1701 is supplied to the IP address of the WTRU2702 of MME 704 to obtain the LBI of the corresponding PDN connection for WTRU2702. In 711, MME 704 communication path can be established via eNB 703.The connection path can based on being locally configured and/or WTRU1701 and WTRU2702 can be serviced the knowledge at identical eNB703.The connection path can be based on from ProSe The instruction, etc. of server 706.712, MME 704 can be used step described in such as 3GPP TS 23.401 (such as 5.4.5-1 save step 2-4 and 5.4.1-1 section step 10-12) come begin setting up be directed toward SGW/PGW 705 carrying.Step 712 can be later for realizing via the conversation continuity in foundation structure path.MME704 can add indicator and hold to GTP-C Resource Commands are carried to indicate that strategy and charge execute function (PCEF) and/or bearing binding and event reporting function (BBERF), by This bearing binding function can create new bearer.Request message can be set by sending S1AP E-RAB in 713, MME 704 Continue to establish the S1 carrying for being directed toward eNB 703 to eNB 703.MME 704 may include " mapping ID ", can indicate that this holds Load is for the communication path via eNB 703.NAS PDU (activating dedicated EPS bearer context request) can be by eNB 703 It is sent to WTRU2702.RRC connection, which can be sent, in 714, eNB 703 reconfigures message to WTRU2702 to establish for passing through By the radio bearer of the communication path of eNB 703.WTRU2702 can reconfigure completion by transmission RRC connection to complete The process.ENB 703 can complete the foundation of S1 carrying by sending S1AP E-RAB setting response message.MME 704 can To complete to be directed toward the foundation of the carrying of SGW/PGW 705, such as described in 23.401 file of 3GPP TS, such as 5.4.1-1 the step 10-12 saved.It can be responded with NAS message (such as ProSe connection receives) in 715, MME 704 WTRU1701, the NAS message may include ProSeID, IP address, other parameters and/or application identities of WTRU2702 etc..? 716, MME 704 can be set the carrying for WTRU1701, such as described in 712,713 and 714.MME 704 can provide the same or similar " the mapping ID " provided in 713 with MME 705, such as use in the request setting of eNB 703 When the E-RAB of WTRU1701." mapping ID " can be used to map from the received data of the carrying of a WTRU by eNB 703 To the carrying of another WTRU.The communication path via eNB 703 can be enabled.It can be opened in 717, WTRU1701 and WTRU2702 The dynamic communication path via eNB 703.

Fig. 8 shows the example of the foundation of the ProSe communication path via eNB comprising the PCRF that PCRF is executed is initiated Dedicated bearer initiate.MME, which can be sent, to be established the request of ProSe communication path and can connect to close to server, such as in MME When receiving one of them request for being positioned proximate to connect close to WTRU.Network-based dedicated bearer can be used to establish Journey (such as based on from response close to server and as shown in the call flow diagram of Fig. 8) Lai Jianli dedicated bearer.TMME and ProSe server docks in the foundation of ProSe communication path.

In fig. 8,808, WTRU1801 and WTRU2802 can in ECM connection mode and have been found that each other. WTRU1801 can have found WTRU2802.NAS request can be sent in 809, WTRU1801, and (such as MO ProSe connection is asked Ask) to MME 804.NAS request message may include WTRU1801 by be used for the session ProseID and IP address and/or Other parameters, the ProseID of WTRU2802, and/or application identities etc..NAS request can indicate WTRU1801 may desire to WTRU2802 establishes ProSe session.ProSe server 806 can be requested to execute the authorization for the session in 810, MME 804 (for example, ProseID and/or application identities etc. for WTRU1801 and WTRU2802).811, ProSe server 806 can To authorize the ProSe session for given application to the notice of MME 804 for WTRU1801 and WTRU2802.ProSe server 806 Can such as via between ProSe server 806 and PCRF 807 defined interface Rx or new interface to PCRF 807 send message.In 812, PCRF 807 ProSe connection request can be received from ProSe server 806.PCRF 807 can be with Using for the strategy close to connection.PCRF 807 can trigger building for the dedicated bearer for WTRU1801 and WTRU2802 It is vertical.IP CAN session modification process can be initiated in 813, PCRF 807, such as thus PDN GW can request IP CAN to carry Signaling and/or start for establish be used for WTRU2802 dedicated bearer process.PCRF 807 can be repaired in IP CAN session Change and/or to the ProSe ID in the similar message of PGW 805 including WTRU2802.ProSe ID include/ProSe instruction can To notify that the dedicated bearer is for close connection to CN node.It, can be such as that described in 712,713 and the 714 of Fig. 7 814 Sample establishes dedicated bearer.712,713 and 714 suitable for 814, eNB 803 can be used for as described above The mapping ID in the path eNB.It can be sent to PCRF 807 815, such as after being established for the dedicated bearer of WTRU2802 IP session modification is completed.IP CAN session modification process can be initiated in 816, PCRF807, such as thus PDN GW can be requested IP CAN carrier signaling and/or start for establish be used for WTRU1801 dedicated bearer process.PCRF 807 can be in IP CAN session modification and/or in the similar message of PGW 805 include WTRU1801 ProSe ID.ProSe ID include and/ Or ProSe instruction can notify that the dedicated bearer is for close connection to CN node.It, can be such as 712, the 713 of Fig. 7 817 With establish dedicated bearer like that described in 714.712,713 and 714 suitable for 817, eNB 803 is available for The mapping ID in the path eNB.It can be sent to PCRF 807 818, such as after being established for the dedicated bearer of WTRU1801 IP session modification is completed.NAS message (such as ProSe connection receive) can be used in 819, MME 804 to respond WTRU1801, The NAS message may include ProseID, IP address and/or other parameters and/or application identities of WTRU2802 etc..820, WTRU1801 and WTRU2802 can start the communication path via eNB 803.

Fig. 9 shows another example of the foundation of the ProSe communication path via eNB comprising PCRF is initiated dedicated Carrying.ProSe server 906 can be application server/function in internet, such as wherein MME 904 and ProSe is serviced Interface between device 906 can lack.ProSe server 906 can be that 3GPP is controlled and/or be located at except network-control. In Fig. 9, in ECM connection mode and it can be had been found that each other in 908, WTRU1901 and WTRU2902. WTRU1901 can have found WTRU2902.In 909, WTRU1901 can directly (such as passing through application layer signaling) be sent MO ProSe connection request is to ProSe server 906.The message may include that WTRU1901 will be used for the session ProseID and/or IP address and/or other parameters, the ProseID of WTRU2902, and/or application identities etc..910, PCRF 907 can receive ProSe connection request from ProSe server 906.PCRF 907 can be using the plan for the close connection Slightly.PCRF 907 can trigger the foundation of the dedicated bearer for WTRU1901 and WTRU2902.911, it to be used for WTRU1901 With the dedicated bearer of WTRU2902 can for example by application as described in referring to Fig. 8 813,814,815,816,817,818, 819 and 820 are established like that.

ProSe server can via between ProSe server and PCRF Rx interface and/or new interface contact PCRF, such as when ProSe server receives the request for establishing ProSe session.Such as in order to approach service, such as Fig. 9 Shown, the foundation of the dedicated bearer for WTRU1 and WTRU2 can be initiated in ProSe server contact PCRF.

The IP address of WTRU can be used to find PCRF, such as shown in figs. 8 and 9 in ProSe server. ProSe server can know the IP address of WTRU by the ProSe server or be found by ProSe registration process PCRF.ProSe server can receive the address WTRU1/WTRU2IP in the 810 of Fig. 8.AF (such as ProSe server) can be with WTRU1/WTRU2 is identified based on the ProSe ID of WTRU1/WTRU2.It can be sent in IP-CAN session establishment with signal ProSe ID.Diameter route agent can be used to understand ProSe ID in AF (such as ProSe server).

The dedicated bearer that the dedicated bearer trigger process and/or PCRF described herein that MME described here is initiated are initiated Signaling procedure can be applied to direct WTRU to WTRU carrying setting.MME perhaps can not send mapping ID to eNB.MME can be with Instruction and/or some form of instruction are sent to notify eNB to establish direct WTRU to WTRU carrying.

Security process and signaling for direct WTRU to WTRU NAS communication can be used for that ProSe is promoted to communicate and reduce Portfolio and congestion.NAS agreement can be operated in a secure manner for the communication between WTRU and MME.In one example, right In based on close service, WTRU may be configured to directly send NAS message to other WTRU to establish and/or maintain ProSe session.WTRU may be configured to implement direct WTRU to WTRU NAS communication in a secure manner.It can be built for user face It stands and supports safety.It can terminate and/or activate user face security configuration after communicated and/or reception SMC.With Family face security context may operate between WTRU and eNB.It participates in being used for NAS and AS between the WTRU of ProSe session The secure communications of layer can be used for reducing portfolio and congestion to promote ProSe to communicate.

WTRU may be configured to determine the code key of the support for NAS and/or AS layers of safety and/or the mark of algorithm Know.The configuration that WTRU can be used for NAS and/or AS layers of safety based on it determines the proper security for ProSe communication Hereafter or a part of security context.A part of security context can be the relevant ginseng of one or more safeties Number.For example, WTRU may be configured to send the peace supported including WTRU when being registered in a network using Attach Request message The instruction of the type of full property algorithm.For example, WTRU can be sent can be included in about the security algorithm or parameter of support Instruction in WTRU capability information element (IE), WTRU network capabilities IE can be a part of Attach Request message. Network (such as MME) can select at least one safety to calculate based on the security algorithm that WTRU is indicated in attach request Method.Network (such as MME) can guarantee that WTRU supports selected security algorithm.It is logical that WTRU is configured to ProSe Letter selects the security algorithm different from the security algorithm that network selects for NAS safety.In one example, network (example Such as MME) it can indicate that the security algorithm will be used for direct ProSe communication by WTRU.Network, which can provide, to be provided to The ProSe safety information of WTRU.WTRU can receive the ProSe safety information from network.WTRU can exchange ProSe peace Full property information.WTRU may belong to different PLMN.

WTRU may be configured at NAS layers be direct WTRU to WTRU ProSe communication activation safety.For example, MME It may be configured to initiate SMC process for example after selecting proper security algorithm when via 3GPP network communication.MME can To be configured to indicate the mark of selected algorithm to WTRU.WTRU may be configured to receive the mark including selected algorithm from MME The instruction of knowledge.WTRU to WTRU is communicated, WTRU may be configured to initiate SMC process to indicate the selected algorithm, such as For the safe NAS communication between WTRU.WTRU may be configured to initiate in rrc layer and/or select safety, so as to control plane And/or user face can be used for direct WTRU to WTRU communication.

If there is at least two ProSe sessions are used for WTRU, then NAS and/or AS layers of safety may be influenced.For example, example If such as ProSe session between different WTRU, can be directed to different NAS and/or AS layers of different ProSe session establishments Safety.

For example, for ProSe safety code key can according to WTRU, according to ProSe session and/or according to application and by Association.These rules can influence secure communication and different ProSe contexts can lead to the different safeties used Framework.

Direct WTRU to WTRU security processes can be used for that ProSe is promoted to communicate and reduce congestion to allow and ProSe Related signaling is communicated to continue and be not disrupted.Term " security context " can refer at least one safety code key and/or At least one safety code key combines at least one security algorithm.Security context can be adapted for NAS safety and/or AS safety (such as control or user face, or both).

Fig. 4 shows the example of the level of the safety code key in WTRU and network.Non-Access Stratum can be supported in LTE (NAS) and/or access layer (AS) safety.Referred to as K can be used in WTRU and mobility management entity (MME)ASME403 it is secret Key.KASME403 can be for the code key for communicating and obtaining associated with access security management entity (ASME).KASME 403 Can be certification and code key agreement (AKA) during in local subscriber server (HSS) and WTRU from such as password code key (CK) 412 and/or integrality code key (IK) 402 derived from intermediate code key.KASME403 can be used as evolved packet system (EPS) A part of Ciphering Key (AV) is sent from HSS.KASME403 can use the evolution of MME distribution secret during AKA process Key set identifier (eKSI) is identified.MME can undertake the effect of ASME in EPS.It can be from KASME403 generation NAS and AS are secret Key.NAS code key can be generated by WTRU and/or MME.Such as WTRU and MME can be generated by executing NAS verification process NAS code key.

K 401 can be stored in the code key in the universal subscriber identification module (USIM) of WTRU.KeNB406 can be The basis eNB code key.KeNB411 can be for example when WTRU is converted to ECM connection status in MME and WTRU from KASME 403 Derived intermediate code key, or during switching by WTRU and target eNB from KeNB* derived intermediate code key.KeNB* it can be eNB Switching transformation code key.KeNB* it can be and for example executing level (KeNB) or when the export of vertical code key during switching in source eNB and Derived intermediate code key in WTRU.KeNBIt * can be at target eNB for exporting KeNB.NH 406 can be in MME and WTRU Derived intermediate code key, for providing forwarding safety and/or being forwarded to eNB via S1-MME interface.KNASint405 can be with It is the derived integrality code key for being used for NAS data protection in MME and WTRU.KNASenc404 can be in MME and WTRU The encryption code key of the derived NAS signaling for NAS data protection.KUPenc409 can be derived in eNB and WTRU be used for The encryption code key for user face of user face data protection.KUPint410 can be derived in eNB and WTRU use The integrality code key for user face of family face data protection.KRRCint408 can be derived in eNB and WTRU be used for The integrality code key of RRC data protection.KRRCenc407 can be derived the adding for RRC data protection in eNB and WTRU Close code key.

WTRU may be configured to for example execute safety profile order (SMC) process after code key generation.WTRU can Promote the agreement to algorithm for secure communication to use the SMC process.WTRU may be configured to make using the algorithm NAS code key K is calculated to inputNASencAnd KNASint.WTRU can be in rrc layer operational process (such as SMC process etc.).WTRU can To calculate RRC integrality and/or encryption code key for user and/or control plane.Encryption can not be enforceable.Integrality can To be enforceable.WTRU may be configured in NAS layers of execution SMC process.It can by the SMC process that WTRU is executed at NAS layers With unrelated with the SMC process executed in rrc layer by WTRU.WTRU and network can send safety profile in WTRU and complete message It is equal after SMC process to start secure communication after MME.WTRU can for example pacify after RRC grades of SMC process is completed Control (RRC) message and/or user plane information are sent entirely.

Security context can be used for ProSe communication by WTRU, realizing for NAS layers, AS layers and user face and/or The safe ProSe of control plane etc. is communicated.

WTRU may be configured to using identical security context and/or can be by for the algorithm with network communication It is reused for ProSe communication.For example, network can guarantee NAS the and/or AS safety for non-ProSe communication of WTRU It hereafter can be also used for ProSe communication.In one example, WTRU can again (such as may be only by NAS security context NAS security context) for the ProSe communication between WTRU.WTRU can again use 3GPP NAS security context In NAS safety.3GPP NAS security context for NAS safety can be the safety between WTRU and MME. The AS security context different from the AS security context for being used for non-ProSe communication can be used for ProSe session by WTRU. AS security context for non-ProSe communication can be the safety between WTRU and eNB.WTRU can again pacify AS Full property context (such as only AS security context) is for the ProSe communication between WTRU.WTRU can be again by 3GPP AS Security context is used for AS safety.3GPP AS security context for AS safety can be between WTRU and eNB Safety.WTRU can use the NAS security context different from the NAS security context for being used for non-ProSe communication In ProSe session.NAS security context for non-ProSe communication can be the safety between WTRU and MME.

WTRU may be configured to the individual security context having to be close to service definition.HHS can be more It is used newly in the WTRU security context close to service.WTRU can be updated for the WTRU safety close to service (such as USIM) Property context.WTRU can by from the WTRU for the different security context of the ProSe security context that uses of communication It is communicated for 3GPP.3GPP communication for NAS agreement can be between WTRU and MME.For user face and/or control plane etc. 3GPP communication can be between WTRU and eNB.

WTRU may be configured to using the security parameters that can be defined to use for each WTRU and/or up and down Text.For example, can support the WTRU of communication can have one of ProSe security context set (such as may only one Set).Security parameters and/or context can be for each PLMN's.For example, WTRU can bet when in different PLMN Different security contexts is used when volume.The PLMN that WTRU can be registered to can be provided to WTRU will be same or like Security context used in PLMN.WTRU may be configured to receive from PLMN will be used in the same or like PLMN Security context.The security context that WTRU is used can be related with the PLMN for the WTRU that can be registered to PLMN.

WTRU may be configured to using can be defined to for each using security parameters and/or up and down Text.For example, WTRU can be for example when participating in the ProSe communication for application using different, known and/or configurable Security context.WTRU perhaps cannot exchange the security parameters for user face about each application.WTRU can be through Known by configuration about each application security context to be used.WTRU can via with another WTRU and/or network Security parameters are known about each application security context to be used before equal exchanges.For example, WTRU can be by It is configured to receive order and/or configuration from MME, ProSe server, ANDSF or another node comprising will be about each application The security context used.In one example, WTRU can NAS message (such as attachment receive, tracking area update (TAU) receive etc.) in from MME reception will be about each configuration using security context.NAS message can be about every A application is indicated with multiple security contexts, such as it includes list of application and to be used that MME can be sent to WTRU The instruction of corresponding security context.WTRU may be configured to receive from MME and indicate, which includes list of application and will be by The corresponding security context used.WTRU is configured to accept or refuses the letter in the instruction for including MME transmission Breath.

WTRU may be configured to be used as public safety WTRU, and different security contexts can be only used for public Safe WTRU and/or application.

Source MME may be configured to selection security context.Such as between PLMN/MME, source MME can forward choosing The security context selected is to target MME and/or gives target WTRU.Source MME can for example reach an agreement on the code key set with WTRU Security context is selected later.The security context can be passed to target WTRU by source MME or target MME.

First WTRU may be configured to the 2nd WTRU of certification.First and second WTRU may be configured to for example pass through solution Code expression formula code executes implicit authentication.

Security context for ProSe can be selected to achieve safe ProSe communication.ProSe communication can be Direct WTRU to WTRU communication.ProSe communication can be WTRU to eNB to WTRU communication.WTRU can have and multiple WTRU Multiple ProSe sessions.In one example, WTRU couples of the WTRU that may belong in ProSe session may be configured to Another WTRU or eNB for participating in ProSe session negotiate security context (such as code key and/or algorithm), such as thus control Face and/or user face ProSe communication can be safe.

WTRU may be configured to the instruction that the security capabilities including WTRU are sent to network.The instruction can for example exist It is sent in NAS message when being registered to network (such as attach request or TAU request).The instruction may include the safety of WTRU The ability for supporting safe ProSe to communicate of sexuality and WTRU.Security capabilities may include for WTRU ProSe it is logical The security context (such as code key and/or algorithm) of the support of letter, for example, about each PLMN, about each application etc..Peace Full sexuality may include information, which for example can be in the form of new IE, and WTRU can include that this is new in NAS message IE (such as ProSe security capabilities IE can be defined).The instruction can be the part of existing IE, such as WTRU network capabilities IE.Security capabilities may include the ability for WTRU and/or eNB and/or generally indicate.For example, WTRU can indicate it Use the preference for the difference used in ProSe session and/or same security context.WTRU may be configured to send out Send following instruction, the instruction include by be used for the identical security context of security context that non-ProSe is communicated and be used for The preference of ProSe.It includes the finger according to each application for preference of security context etc. that WTRU, which may be configured to transmission, Show.Security capabilities can independently using or in any combination used.

WTRU may be configured to for example when being registered to network and/or in any NAS process and/or any NAS message Period, indicate its for example about it is each application, each PLMN for security context preference and/or be directed to NAS and/or The preference of AS safety.

MME may be configured to indicate to WTRU (such as NAS and/or AS safety and to be used for for ProSe communication User face and/or control plane) security context.MME can will be used for by using any NAS message to WTRU instruction The security context of ProSe communication.For example, MME can registration response (such as attachment receive and/or TAU receive) and/or Instruction will the security context used in ProSe communication in other any NAS messages.MME can have be locally configured and/ Or carrier policy.MME can be used be locally configured and/or carrier policy come determine will be used for ProSe communication safety Context.HSS may include the information about the security context that will be used for ProSe communication.MME can be for example in WTRU The information about the security context that will be used for ProSe communication is downloaded when being registered to system.HSS for example can subscribe to letter To MME push about the letter that will be used for the security context that ProSe is communicated when breath can change for the WTRU registered Breath.

WTRU may be configured to determine the security context for ProSe in a static manner.WTRU can be configured At the security context determined in a dynamic fashion for ProSe.In one example, during the setting of ProSe session, WTRU may be configured to when ProSe session is being set (for example, if one or more when ProSe session is arranged WTRU is involved or is implied) agreement safety in utilization context.

Initiate WTRU may be configured to include WTRU can be used for give ProSe session security context collection It closes.WTRU can send NAS message to MME for establishing ProSe session.NAS message may include for establishing ProSe meeting The security context of words.Security context can be based on the configuration in WTRU.Security context can be based on can be from The received instruction of network.For example, WTRU may be configured to the set using the security context communicated for ProSe.It closes In the security context communicated for ProSe, WTRU can be locally configured or be configured by MME or be configured via ANDSF etc..

MME may be configured to select subset security context from the security context of proposition.MME can be configured At for example in the request for the set setting ProSe session for receiving safety in utilization context from source WTRU from the safety of proposition Property context select subset security context.MME may be configured to for example based on according to subscriber profiles, foundation target WTRU, according to application, and/or according to can be by the local MME configuration of PLMN that target WTRU is serviced etc. come from the safety of proposition Context selects subset security context.MME can be verified with another entity (such as ProSe server) to select safety Context.MME can be with the application of another entity (such as ProSe server) checking request.MME can be by security context Set be forwarded to ProSe server.MME can choose security context to be used.MME can be based on application type And/or target WTRU PLMN etc. selects security context to be used.MME can request network entity (such as ProSe clothes It is engaged in device) the selection security context such as application type based on instruction, the mark of WTRU and/or service PLMN.ProSe server It can be based on selecting security context according to the configuration of carrier policy.ProSe server can indicate selection to MME Security context.MME can be received from ProSe server and be indicated, which includes having selectable security context Instruction.Source MME can contact the target MME of positive service goal WTRU.Source MME may include the safety for being source WTRU selection The set of property context.Target MME can be according to being locally configured, test according to ProSe server and/or another network entity Card to select security context for the session.Target MME can received to at least one security context collection Selection is used for the security context of the session when request of the ProSe session of conjunction.Target MME can be from source MME and/or source It is selected in the subset for the security context that WTRU can be supported.Target MME can indicate be used for target WTRU The set of the security context of ProSe session.Target MME can send NAS message to target WTRU.NAS message can wrap Include the security context that can be used by target WTRU.NAS message can indicate the termination or pending termination of ProSe session.MME It can include the set of possible security context in the NAS message for being sent to target WTRU, target WTRU can be from the collection It is selected in conjunction.Target WTRU may be configured to selection security context, may insure from source MME and/or source It is selected in the security context supported in WTRU.One or more or each node may be configured to indicate whether to prop up Hold security context.WTRU or MME can be by the NAS message and/or instruction for being sent to target WTRU or target MME Comprising the security context, to indicate that source node can support indicated security context.

WTRU is configured to that selection security context is locally configured in WTRU.WTRU may be configured to Such as one receive (such as directly receive from MME or another WTRU) to having coming at least one security context ProSe session request is based in WTRU and selection security context is locally configured.WTRU can be based on source and target WTRU Between the security context supported jointly select security context.WTRU can receive with such as one (such as from MME or Another WTRU is directly received) to the ProSe session request come in at least one security context, it is based on source and mesh The security context supported jointly between WTRU is marked to select security context.WTRU can be based on for example using class Type, PLMN ID, public safety WTRU, public safety applications etc. select security context.WTRU can be in selected safety Hereafter the MME, another WTRU and/or the node that are transmitted across termination request are responded.MME can for example MME (such as from WTRU peace selected to source WTRU and/or MME instruction when the response of the selection at least one security context) is received Full property context.Source MME can notify the selected security context to source WTRU.Source MME can be used new and/or existing NAS message notify source WTRU.

One or more or each node (such as source WTRU, source MME, target WTRU, target MME, source ProSe server And/or target ProSe server) it can may include encipherment protection to the desired security context of another entity instruction, complete Whole property protection or the two.

Node may be configured to safety of the activation for ProSe communication.Node for example can consider to be chosen Safety is activated when the security context selected.For example, WTRU may be configured to operation certification when WTRU is registered to system Process.WTRU can run verification process in order to authenticate network and WTRU each other.WTRU can run verification process with for So that network and WTRU is reached an agreement on and is used for the code key set of safety.WTRU can run SMC process.WTRU can run SMC mistake Journey is with selection algorithm.Node for example can think that safety is activated after WTRU runs SMC process.NAS message can To be that safety is protected.WTRU can run SMC process for example safely to protect RRC information and/or user face at AS layers Data.Such as in ProSe communication, WTRU can directly exchange NAS message and/or user face data.WTRU can not know When and/or how safety is activated.WTRU can not know which node is responsible for activating safety.

Node may be configured to for example once security context selected to be considered as security context to be to be activated 's.Node may be configured to for example think safety in the selection for making security context (such as statically and/or dynamically) Property context is activated.

Node may be configured to for example think that security context is to be activated after it can run SMC process by WTRU 's.WTRU can be in NAS and/or AS layers of operation SMC process.SMC process can activate or help to activate security context.Hair The SMC process be directed toward and terminate WTRU can be run by playing WTRU.Initiating WTRU can have allowed in (such as clearly existing) network Operation direction terminates the SMC mistake of WTRU after ProSe session occurs and/or after it can have selected for security context Journey.SMC process can be a part for the initial request for requesting ProSe session that WTRU can be sent to network.For example, Source WTRU can may include SMC message and/or SMC IE to the NAS message that its MME is sent.Similar in selection safety Hereafter, SMC message and/or SMC ID for example can be forwarded to target WTRU via target MME.Target WTRU can be to source WTRU sends response, which can indicate the response (for example, safety profile response) to SMC, can tie to the response of SMC The beam selection and/or the activation of security context and protection.SMC process can directly be run by terminating WTRU.Terminating WTRU can For example to run SMC process before terminating WTRU and responding its MME.If terminate WTRU the WTRU from source receive for into The MT request of the ProSe session come, then SMC process can be run before terminating WTRU and responding its MME by terminating WTRU.Such as one Denier receive for ProSe session termination request, target WTRU can run the SMC process with source WTRU with select and/ Or activation security context.Target WTRU can respond MT request.Target WTRU can be for example in target WTRU operation and source Receive MT request after the SMC process of WTRU.Target WTRU can be for example, if SMC procedure failure or time-out be then refused MT and are asked It asks.

Although describing feature and element above with specific combination, it will appreciated by the skilled person that Each feature or element individually can be combined use using or with other features and element.In addition, described herein Method can realize that may include can to the computer by computer or processor execution with computer program, software or firmware It reads in medium.The example of computer-readable medium includes that electronic signal (being transmitted by wired or wireless connection) is and computer-readable Storage medium.The example of computer readable storage medium includes, but is not limited to, read-only memory (ROM), random access memory Device (RAM), register, buffer storage, semiconductor memory devices, magnetic medium (such as internal hard drive and removable magnetic Disk), magnet-optical medium and optical medium (such as CD-ROM disk and digital versatile disc (DVD)).Processor with software context is for real Existing RF transceiver, is used for WTRU, UE, terminal, base station, RNC or any master computer.

Claims (14)

1. a kind of side being used for other one or more WTRU direct communications implemented by wireless transmitter receiver unit (WTRU) Method, this method comprises:
The WTRU executes at least two applications communicated using direct ProSe to carry out with other one or more of WTRU Communication, at least two application include the first application and the second application;
The WTRU determines the first grouping that will be transmitted for first application and will be transmitted for second application Second packet;
The WTRU is based on first application to the first grouping first priority of distribution and based on second application The second priority is distributed to the second packet, first priority is higher than second priority;
The WTRU determines that first grouping and the second packet are just competing identical radio resource;
The WTRU is higher than the priority of the second packet based on the priority of first grouping and makes first grouping Compared to the second packet prioritised transmission;And
The WTRU directly transmits described to other one or more of WTRU during the first direct ProSe transmission opportunity One is grouped and inhibits the transmission of the second packet, until subsequent direct ProSe transmission opportunity is arrived.
2. according to the method described in claim 1, wherein, it is associated with first priority based on first grouping and incite somebody to action First code distributes to first grouping, and it is associated with second priority based on the second packet and by second Code distributes to the second packet.
3. according to the method described in claim 1, wherein, the WTRU is based on first grouping and the second packet phase After transmission that is more associated than with higher priority and completing first grouping, in the subsequent direct ProSe transmission The second packet is directly transmitted to other one or more of WTRU during chance.
4. according to the method described in claim 1, wherein, the WTRU is used as other one or more of WTRU and Cellular Networks The relaying of network communication.
5. according to the method described in claim 1, wherein, the priority level of direct ProSe communication packet transmission is at application layer It is assigned.
6. according to the method described in claim 5, wherein, the priority level based on application layer can be changed by the WTRU Become.
7. according to the method described in claim 1, wherein, being communicated according to the direct ProSe received from evolved node B (eNB) Configuration, first grouping are transmitted to other one or more of WTRU.
8. a kind of wireless transmitter receiver unit (WTRU), which includes processor, which is configured to:
Execute to apply using at least two that direct ProSe communicate and be communicated with other WTRU with one or more, it is described extremely Few two applications include the first application and the second application;
Second point that determines the first grouping that will be transmitted for first application and will be transmitted for second application Group;
Based on first application to the first grouping first priority of distribution and based on second application to described the Two grouping the second priority of distribution, first priority are higher than second priority;
Determine that first grouping and the second packet are just competing identical radio resource;
Priority based on first grouping is higher than the priority of the second packet and makes first grouping compared to institute State second packet prioritised transmission;And
First grouping is directly transmitted simultaneously to other one or more of WTRU during the first direct ProSe transmission opportunity The transmission for inhibiting the second packet, until subsequent direct ProSe transmission opportunity is arrived.
9. WTRU according to claim 8, wherein based on it is described first grouping it is associated with first priority and incite somebody to action First code distributes to first grouping, and it is associated with second priority based on the second packet and by second Code distributes to the second packet.
10. WTRU according to claim 8, wherein the processor is configured to based on first grouping and institute State second packet compared to higher priority it is associated and complete it is described first grouping transmission after, it is described then it is straight The second packet is directly transmitted to other one or more of WTRU during connecing ProSe transmission opportunity.
11. WTRU according to claim 8, wherein the WTRU be configured for it is one or more of other The relaying of WTRU and cellular network communication.
12. WTRU according to claim 8, wherein the priority level of direct ProSe communication packet transmission is at application layer It is assigned.
13. WTRU according to claim 12, wherein the priority level based on application layer can be changed by the WTRU Become.
14. WTRU according to claim 8, wherein communicated according to the direct ProSe received from evolved node B (eNB) Configuration, first grouping are transmitted to other one or more of WTRU.
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