CN105545105B - A kind of mechanical code lock - Google Patents

A kind of mechanical code lock Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105545105B
CN105545105B CN201610111804.8A CN201610111804A CN105545105B CN 105545105 B CN105545105 B CN 105545105B CN 201610111804 A CN201610111804 A CN 201610111804A CN 105545105 B CN105545105 B CN 105545105B
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China
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holder
plate
lock
bar
password
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CN105545105A (en
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李瑞群
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李瑞群
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B37/00Permutation or combination locks; Puzzle locks
    • E05B37/02Permutation or combination locks; Puzzle locks with tumbler discs or rings arranged on a single axis, each disc being adjustable independently of the others

Abstract

The present invention relates to mechanical lock technical field, discloses a kind of mechanical code lock.The mechanical code lock, including panel, door lock opener, cipher lock structure and bottom plate, the door lock opener includes handle, power transmission shaft, reseting plate, supporting plate, flat board, pushing block A and pushing block B, the cipher lock structure includes dial, depression bar, holder, combination disk, lock collar and dead bolt, the present invention uses theory of mechanics, realize and do not have to key but apply the digital effect opened the door, safety is simple and direct;Coded lock of the present invention can prevent password to be tested, and can accordingly increase password position bayonet lock quantity according to customer demand, so as to increase the digit of password, have high confidentiality and security.

Description

A kind of mechanical code lock
Technical field
The present invention relates to mechanical lock technical field, more particularly to a kind of mechanical code lock.
Background technology
Mechanical lock must have security, stability as safety precaution product.Security can be weighed in terms of two:One It is resistant to the deliberately violence damage such as destruction, mischief and premeditated sled, brill.Second, precautionary technology is opened, standard machinery lock is prevented The poor ability that technology is opened.Sometimes, because exception occurs in the stability of mechanical lock, when frequently appearing in lock should open Do not open, phenomena such as not closing during the closing, bring many troubles.
At present, bunch of keys are always worn during people's trip, as again car key, office key, house keys (are divided into Several classes such as family, study, bedroom) etc., big and small to add up 6~8 keys at least, at most 10 above key.Key is selected in enabling Easily disarrayed during spoon, take cumbersome, operation extremely inconvenience.Force open the door or force open the door if key loss, cause to change Men Huansuo, be stranded Disturb daily life.
For these reasons, mechanical code lock is widely applied, and the rotary disk type mechanical coded lock in coded lock is being protected Widely used in dangerous cabinet, file cabinet, antitheft door, warehouse gate and mechanical jam mechanism.The advantages of this coded lock is not have to key Spoon, without power supply, without battery, simple to operate;Due to being full mechanical and simple in construction, quite severe outside can be born Environment, solid reliable, use range is wide.But standard machinery coded lock be easier to be tested out by experienced illegal unlock person it is close Code data, therefore more serious potential safety hazard be present.
The content of the invention
The goal of the invention of the present invention is:For above-mentioned problem, there is provided a kind of mechanical code lock.The machine of the present invention Tool coded lock is full mechanical, without key and unlocking cipher can be prevented to be tested.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of mechanical code lock, including panel, door lock opener, cipher lock structure and bottom plate,
The door lock opener includes handle, power transmission shaft, reseting plate, flat board, pushing block A and pushing block B, the handle It is fixed on through power transmission shaft on panel, power transmission shaft passes through panel and bottom plate;Supporting plate vertical surrounding bottom plate surrounding, flat board with Bottom plate is parallel, and the side of flat board and supporting plate vertical connection;From bottom plate along power transmission shaft rearwardly direction, pushing block A and push away Motion block B is socketed with power transmission shaft successively from front to back, and the middle part of the pushing block A other ends and pull bar is socketed, and pull bar is close to supporting plate It is socketed with elastomeric element A on the outside of one end and is positioned in the opening of the supporting plate vertical with bottom plate;The pushing block B other ends, which are provided with, leads To groove, guide groove progressive additive from top to bottom;
The cipher lock structure includes dial, depression bar, holder reel, combination disk, lock collar and dead bolt, dial and is located at face The front of plate, the rear end of dial extends to panel back, and dial is connected with panel rotation in annular shape, panel with Sleeve is provided between bottom plate, along the direction of dial central axis in sleeve, be sequentially arranged at intervals with from the front to the back depression bar, Holder reel, combination disk, the outer sheath of combination disk are provided with lock collar, wherein, the depression bar front end and the circular groove of scale disk center are slided Dynamic connection, elastic component is installed between depression bar front end and panel, elastic component is enclosed on the outside of depression bar, and depression bar rear end passes through panel and and thick stick Linkage A connections, the leverage A are L-type, and the rear end in the middle part of the master arm that L-type leverage is laterally set with depression bar connects Connect, passive arm includes longitudinally disposed thimble;The central shaft of the holder reel passes through bottom plate, and holder along password disk center One section outer sheath flexible part of the central shaft of reel between combination disk and bottom plate, towards axle center on the excircle of holder reel Direction be evenly equipped with several holder grooves, be provided with holder in holder groove, the scale on the position and dial of holder is one by one Matching, during password indicator graduation lines assigned scale being threaded on panel, the position of thimble rotate to assigned scale start bit On the inside of the holder of matching, and holder is ejected when depression bar is pressed, one end of holder is protruded from holder reel;The password Direction on the excircle of disk towards axle center is evenly equipped with several bayonet lock grooves, and bayonet lock is arranged with from front to back in each bayonet lock groove And elastic component, bayonet lock correspond with holder, bayonet lock front end protrudes from combination disk, and is located at when holder protrudes from holder reel and pushes up The dead astern of the prominent one end of son, bayonet lock are divided into password position bayonet lock and non-password position bayonet lock, the position of password position bayonet lock with it is set Password matches in the position of dial, and the password position bayonet lock rear portion or front and rear are provided with projection C, non-password position card Sell middle part or middle part and projection C is provided with upper bit;The lock collar is provided with several teeth groove, and teeth groove corresponds and is located at card The outside at rear portion is sold, and the projection C of password position bayonet lock is extend into teeth groove;
Reseting plate one end is installed between panel and bottom plate by leverage B and transmission axis connection, and the other end is located at The surface of holder reel;Dividing plate is provided with through between the center shaft rear end and bottom plate of the holder reel of bottom plate, dividing plate one end is consolidated Due on bottom plate, guide groove of the other end provided with the projection B, the pushing block B parallel with bottom plate is placed in projection B and the bottom of dividing plate Between plate;Lock collar upper end is provided with fixture, and fixture passes through bottom plate and pull bar other end vertical connection, fixture and dead bolt phase Even, dead bolt is positioned on flat board.
The present invention operation principle be:When needing to unlock, according to the unlocking cipher set(Assuming that unlocking cipher is only set Put one digit number), rotation scale, a scale on dial correspond to the one-bit digital of unlocking cipher, assigned scale revolved Password indicator graduation lines on to panel, the now position of thimble rotation accordingly to the holder matched with assigned scale start bit Inner side, a down-pressed pole is pressed, depression bar backward, and promotes leverage A, and longitudinally disposed thimble will on leverage A passive arms Holder ejection in holder groove, the dead astern of prominent holder one end are corresponding with the front end of password position bayonet lock;When being pressed downward During handle, handle drive drive axis, power transmission shaft drive pushing block B be rotated up because pushing block B guide groove with to Upper rotation and progressive additive, and then are contacted with the projection B on dividing plate, will be with projection B as pushing block B is rotated further up Connected dividing plate and holder reel opposed bottom is pulled back, and prominent holder is pressed in password position by holder reel to while pusher On bayonet lock, the elastic component behind the bayonet lock of password position is squeezed to be compressed backward, is moved rearwards password position bayonet lock, password position bayonet lock Projection C no longer stick lock collar;While when pushing block B is rotated pushing block A can be driven to be rotated up, pushing block A is rotated same When pull bar relative support plate is pulled outwardly, pull bar drives lock collar to rotate simultaneously, because password position bayonet lock projection C no longer sticks lock Disk, therefore lock collar can rotate, and so as to which dead bolt be pulled outwardly, and then lock be opened.
When password bad, password indicator graduation lines in rotation scale to panel simultaneously depress depression bar, and thimble will push up Holder ejection in sub-trenches, because password bad, the dead astern of prominent holder one end and the front end of non-password position bayonet lock Corresponding, when being pressed downward handle, prominent holder is pressed on the bayonet lock of non-password position, the elastic component behind the bayonet lock of non-password position by Compressed to after being pressed against, be moved rearwards non-password position bayonet lock, rather than password position bayonet lock is middle part or middle part and set with upper bit Projection C is equipped with, after its original does not block lock collar, rather than password position bayonet lock is moved rearwards, projection C is extend into teeth groove, so as to The rotation of lock collar 24 is limited, even if now pull bar is pulled outwardly lock collar, lock collar can not also rotate because of being stuck, and can not make lock Open.
After password bad, need to reset coded lock can just re-start unlocking, and the process of reset is to lift handle, Make to be pressed downward reseting plate using leverage B while drive axis, be pressed on directly over holder reel, then rotating scale Disk one week, makes the holder that holder reel has been released be returned in reel, completes to reset.
The present invention can set the password of not isotopic number as needed, it is only necessary to be placed according to the password digit of setting identical The password position bayonet lock of quantity, and password position bayonet lock is positioned in the bayonet lock groove for representing respective digital;When need change password When, password position bayonet lock and non-password position bayonet lock are replaced mutually accordingly.
Further, the holder includes top bar A and top bar B, and top bar A is arranged at the close central axis one of holder groove Hold and extend upwardly to outside holder groove, top bar B is pushed up on bar B by introversion with top bar A vertical connections and in holder groove Groove A and groove B are arranged at intervals with outside, flexible positioning piece is provided with above groove B, when depression bar is pressed, flexible positioning piece Blocking groove A makes top bar B one end fixation protrude from holder reel.
Further, the pushing block A and one end of transmission axis connection are also associated with catch, and the catch includes connecting rod And prerotation vane, connecting rod one end are connected with transmission axis connection, the other end with the lower end of prerotation vane, prerotation vane is arranged on guide groove Outside and match with guide groove, guide groove can slide up and down along prerotation vane, the thickness of prerotation vane and the thickness of guide groove lower end It is identical.
The present invention sets the stroke for acting as control holder reel of catch in certain scope, when handle continues downwards When being pressed onto to a certain degree, projection B is blocked in the lower end of prerotation vane, and then blocks dividing plate, so that holder axle can not opposed bottom again Move backward, control the stroke of holder reel.
Further, the pushing block B is provided with the projection A parallel with power transmission shaft, the biography close to the side of power transmission shaft Pushing block C is also socketed with moving axis behind pushing block B, is from top to bottom arranged at intervals with pushing block C excircle and promotes bar A Promoted with promoting bar B, projection A to be arranged between bar A and promotion bar B, when handle is not pressed, promote bar A to connect with projection A Touch, when handle is pressed, promote bar B to be rotated up promoting projection A to be rotated up.
Further, the leverage A includes master arm, the strong point and passive arm, the master arm and passive arm institute The angle of formation is 60 ~ 170 °;Wherein, the master arm is the pad of square, and pad is provided centrally with through hole, after depression bar End is connected through through hole and with master arm;The strong point includes elastomeric element C and nut, the passive arm include thimble and with The thimble fixing end of thimble connection, thimble fixing end is parallel with pad, and is connected by nut with pad, and pad and thimble are consolidated Elastomeric element C is provided between fixed end, elastomeric element C is enclosed on the outside of nut, and thimble and the junction of thimble fixing end are provided with Rotating shaft, rotating shaft link together passive arm and the protuberance of dial annular shape rear end, and the free end of thimble is arranged on holder Groove is close to the inner side of central axis one end.
Leverage A of the present invention operation principle is:Rotation scale, the rotating shaft of dial drive the thimble on passive arm Rotate, make the free end of thimble with and dial on the holder that matches one by one of scale align;When depression bar is pressed, with depression bar The master arm of connection(That is pad)Compress backward, elastomeric element C compression passive arm on thimble fixing end, now passive arm along Axis of rotation, rotational angle can be 60 ~ 170 °, and the inner side of holder groove is produced in the thimble free end on passive arm, by corresponding to Holder ejects;When unclamping depression bar, elastomeric element C resets, and the free end of thimble, which resets, returns back to top sub-trenches close to central axis one The inner side at end.Thimble is released using lever principle, reduces the abrasion of inner body, improves precision and the work of coded lock Accuracy.
Further, the leverage B includes partition and two springs, one end of partition upper end with spring A respectively It is connected with the lower end of spring B, the middle part of the other end and reseting plate is fixed on bottom plate by fixture, and partition is connected with spring A One end be arranged on above power transmission shaft, spring A lower end is fixed on the inside of bottom plate, the upper end of spring B and one end phase of reseting plate Even, the other end of reseting plate is arranged on the top of holder reel, has screw rod to pass through on the inside of spring B, and lower end and the partition of screw rod are slided Dynamic connection, the upper end of screw rod passes reseting plate, and screw rod upper end is socketed the locating part of restricted reseting plate travel distance.
Leverage B of the present invention operation principle is drive axis, the connection end of partition and spring is jacked up upwards, bullet Spring B jacks up one end of reseting plate upwards, and walking contacts the other end of reseting plate with holder reel downwards, you can by holder by pushing back Holder groove.
Further, the one end of the pad away from passive arm is fixed with resetting block, free end and the holder ditch of resetting block Groove is in contact close to central axis one end, and one end that resetting block touches with holder trench intersection is in ramped shaped.
The present invention set resetting block act as when holder top is back among holder groove by reseting plate, prevent reseting plate Holder ejection is arrived outside holder groove, the free end of ramped shaped can reduce the contact area of resetting block and holder, avoid resetting Holder is caused to damage when piece resets holder.
Further, the floor rear being connected with lock collar fixture is additionally provided with positive stop strip, and the positive stop strip is with drawing Bar is parallel, and is fixed on floor rear by positive stop strip fixture;The flexible part G of one end outer sheath of positive stop strip, works as machinery When coded lock is closed, the other end of positive stop strip heads on the side of lock collar fixture rear end.
The present invention sets the effect for acting as fine setting of positive stop strip, on the gear for ensureing lock collar and the bayonet lock for going deep into teeth groove Rubs mutually or collision when projection C will not be because of micro- rotation and be damaged.
Further, elastomeric element E, elastomeric element E one end and pushing block A are also associated with the middle part of the pushing block A Middle part connection, the other end is positioned in the opening of the supporting plate vertical with bottom plate.
The elastomeric element E of the present invention plays a part of to buffer and resetted to help power transmission shaft to reset.
Further, the flexible part F of one end outer sheath that the pull bar is connected with lock collar fixture.
The present invention set elastomeric element F on the one hand can ensure lock collar gear can complete return, can not loosen, it is another Aspect when pulling lock collar from cushioning effect, prevent because exert oneself it is excessive break internal bayonet lock and gear.
The tested principle of the anti-password of the present invention is:
(1)Clutch structure:Assuming that dial and depression bar are part A, holder reel is part B, and coded lock and lock collar are C portions Point, when rotation scale and compression depression bar, the holder of holder reel is ejected, and part A and part B work, is in C portion Released state;And when the holder being pushed out presses bayonet lock backward, part B and C portion work, with part A for released state, this Kind clutch state can prevent others by the collision of gear and bayonet lock to test password;To test password again, then must weigh Newly resetted, add the security of coded lock.
(2)The positive stop strip of plate outer side is the effect of fine setting, and the gear and the projection C of bayonet lock for ensureing lock collar will not be because of micro- rotations Blocked mutually when turning, so as to be also prevented from others by the friction or collision of gear and bayonet lock to test password.
In summary, by adopting the above-described technical solution, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1)The mechanical code lock scientific structure design of the present invention is reasonable, novel and unique, is hardly damaged and easy to maintenance;
(2)The present invention uses theory of mechanics, realizes the effect for not having to key but applying numeral to open the door, simple and direct, the product of safety It is of fine quality to get over;The defects of overcoming existing lock body to need to use key switch door, while also solution switch gate is cumbersome or loses key institute band The various problems come;
(3)The present invention has high security, and it prevents password quilt by the positive stop strip of clutch structure and plate outer side Test, greatly improve the security performance of mechanical rotation plate cipher lock;
(4)The present invention can accordingly increase password position bayonet lock quantity according to customer demand, close so as to increase the digit of password Code bit number is more, and the possibility that it is combined is also more, and with the raising of coded lock precision, password digit can arbitrarily increase, Thus the combined number of the password of the present invention is very more, has extensive selectivity and confidentiality, is not easy to be extracted easily.
Brief description of the drawings
Examples of the present invention will be described by way of reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1 is embodiment panel construction front view;
Fig. 2 is embodiment base arrangement unlocking condition rearview;
Fig. 3 is embodiment base arrangement blocking rearview;
Fig. 4 is embodiment lever construction and reseting plate connection diagram;
Fig. 5 is embodiment lock collar and pull bar connection diagram;
Fig. 6 is embodiment holder reel structure top view;
Fig. 7 is embodiment cipher lock structure top view;
Fig. 8 is embodiment cipher lock structure axial sectional view;
Fig. 9 is embodiment lock collar structure top view;
Figure 10 is embodiment cipher lock structure sectional view;
Figure 11 is embodiment holder structure chart.
Wherein, 1- panels, 2- handles, 3- dials, 4- depression bars, 5- power transmission shafts, 6- pushing block A, 7- elastomeric elements E, 8- Pull bar, axle, 14- dividing plates, the 15- of 9- pushing block C, 10- projection A, 11- pushing block B, 12- projection B, 13- holder reels are spacing Bar, 16- dead bolts, 17- spring A, 18- spring B, 19- reseting plates, 20- partitions, 21- holders reel, 22- holders, 23- combination disks, 24- lock collars, 25- master arms, 26- thimbles, 27- resetting blocks, 28- passwords position bayonet lock, the non-password position bayonet locks of 29-, 30- fixtures, 31- bottom plates, 32- supporting plates, 33- catch, 34- elastomeric element F, 35- flat board, 36- elastomeric element C, 37- passive arm, 38- elasticity Keeper, 39- tops bar A, 40- top bar B, 41- groove A, 42- groove B.
Embodiment
All features disclosed in this specification, or disclosed all methods or during the step of, except mutually exclusive Feature and/or step beyond, can combine in any way.
This specification(Including any accessory claim, summary)Disclosed in any feature, unless specifically stated otherwise, Replaced by other equivalent or with similar purpose alternative features.I.e., unless specifically stated otherwise, each feature is a series of An example in equivalent or similar characteristics.
A kind of mechanical code lock, including panel 1, door lock opener, cipher lock structure and bottom plate 31,
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 3, door lock opener bag handle 2, power transmission shaft 5, reseting plate 19, supporting plate 32, flat board 35, promotion Block A6 and pushing block B11, handle 2 are fixed on panel 1 through power transmission shaft 5, and power transmission shaft 5 passes through panel 1 and bottom plate 31;Supporting plate For 32 vertical surroundings in the surrounding of bottom plate 31, flat board 35 is parallel with bottom plate 31, and the side of flat board 35 and the vertical connection of supporting plate 32; It is socketed, pushes away with power transmission shaft 5 successively from front to back from bottom plate 31 along the rearwardly direction of power transmission shaft 5, pushing block A6 and pushing block B11 The motion block A6 other ends are connected with pull bar 8, and pull bar 8 is provided with elastomeric element A close to one end of supporting plate 32 and is positioned over supporting plate On 32;The pushing block B11 other ends are provided with guide groove, guide groove progressive additive from top to bottom;
As shown in Fig. 5 ~ 10, cipher lock structure includes dial 3, depression bar 4, holder reel 21, combination disk 23, the and of lock collar 24 Dead bolt 16, dial 3 are located at the front of panel 1, and the rear end of dial 3 is extended to behind panel 1, and make dial in annular shape 3 are rotatablely connected with panel 1, sleeve are provided between panel 1 and bottom plate 31, along the side of the central axis of dial 3 in sleeve To being sequentially arranged at intervals with depression bar 4, holder reel 21, combination disk 23 from the front to the back, the outer sheath of combination disk 23 is provided with lock collar 24, wherein, the circular groove of the front end of depression bar 4 and the center of dial 3 is slidably connected, and elastic component is provided between the front end of depression bar 4 and panel 1, Elastic component is enclosed on the outside of depression bar 4, and the rear end of depression bar 4 is connected through panel 1 and with leverage A, and leverage A is L-type, L-type thick stick It is connected in the middle part of the master arm that linkage is laterally set with the rear end of depression bar 4, passive arm 37 includes longitudinally disposed thimble 26;Holder The central shaft of reel 21 passes through bottom plate 31 along the center of combination disk 23, and the central shaft of holder reel 21 is located at combination disk 23 and bottom One section of flexible part of outer sheath between plate 31, several holders are evenly equipped with towards the direction in axle center on the excircle of holder reel 21 Groove, holder groove is interior to be provided with holder 22, and the position of holder 22 matches, assigned scale is revolved one by one with the scale on dial 3 During password indicator graduation lines on to panel 1, the position of thimble 26 is rotated to the holder 22 matched with assigned scale start bit Side, and eject holder 22 when depression bar 4 is pressed, one end of holder 22 is protruded from holder reel 21;Outside combination disk 23 Direction on circumference towards axle center is evenly equipped with several bayonet lock grooves, and bayonet lock and elasticity are arranged with from front to back in each bayonet lock groove Part, bayonet lock correspond with holder 22, and bayonet lock front end protrudes from combination disk 23, and when being located at holder 22 and protruding from holder reel 21 Holder 22 protrudes the dead astern of one end, and bayonet lock is divided into password position bayonet lock 28 and non-password position bayonet lock 29, the position of password position bayonet lock 28 To put and match with set password in the position of dial 3, the rear portion of password position bayonet lock 28 or front and rear are provided with projection C, The middle part of non-password position bayonet lock 29 or middle part and projection C is provided with upper bit;Lock collar 24 is provided with several teeth groove, and teeth groove is one by one The outside at bayonet lock rear portion is correspondingly arranged at, and the projection C of password position bayonet lock 28 is extend into teeth groove;
As shown in figure 4, the one end of reseting plate 19 is connected by leverage B with power transmission shaft 5, and it is installed on panel 1 and bottom plate Between 31, the other end is located at the surface of holder reel 21;Through the center shaft rear end and bottom plate of the holder reel 21 of bottom plate 31 Dividing plate 14 is provided between 31, the one end of dividing plate 14 is fixed on bottom plate 31, and the other end is provided with the projection B12 parallel with bottom plate 31, pushes away Motion block B11 guide groove is placed between the projection B12 and bottom plate 31 of dividing plate 14;The upper end of lock collar 24 is provided with fixture 30, fixed Part 30 is connected with the other end of pull bar 8 through bottom plate 31 by nut vertical connection, fixture 30 with dead bolt 16, and dead bolt 16 is positioned over On flat board 35, the one end of dead bolt 16 is provided with hook piece, and fixture 30 is flexibly connected by hooking piece with dead bolt 16.
Further, as shown in Figure 10, holder 22 includes top bar A39 and top bar B40, and top bar A39 is arranged at holder groove Close central axis one end and extend upwardly to outside holder groove, top bar B40 and top bar A39 vertical connections and be located at holder In groove, push up and be arranged at intervals fluted A41 and groove B42 on bar B40 from inside to outside, be provided with above groove B42 flexibly positioned Part 38, when depression bar 4 is pressed, flexible positioning piece 38, which blocks groove A41, makes top bar B40 one end fixation protrude from holder reel 21。
Further, as shown in figures 2 and 3, pushing block A6 is also associated with catch 33, catch with one end that power transmission shaft 5 is connected 33 include connecting rod and prerotation vane, and connecting rod one end is connected with power transmission shaft 5, and the other end is connected with the lower end of prerotation vane, prerotation vane It is arranged on the outside of guide groove and matches with guide groove, guide groove can slides up and down along prerotation vane, and the thickness of prerotation vane is with leading Thickness to groove lower end is identical.
Further, as shown in figures 2 and 3, pushing block B11 is provided with parallel with power transmission shaft 5 close to the side of power transmission shaft 5 Projection A, be also socketed with 9 excircle behind pushing block B11 on power transmission shaft 5 be from top to bottom arranged at intervals with promote bar A and Promote bar B, projection A to be arranged to promote between bar A and promotion bar B, when handle is not pressed, promote bar A to connect with projection A Touch, when handle is pressed, promote bar B to be rotated up promoting projection A to be rotated up.
Further, as shown in Figure 10, leverage A includes master arm, the strong point and passive arm 37, master arm with it is passive The angle that arm 37 is formed is 60 ~ 170 °;Wherein, master arm is the pad 25 of square, and pad 25 is provided centrally with through hole, pressure The rear end of bar 4 is connected through through hole and with master arm;The strong point includes elastomeric element C36 and nut, and passive arm 37 includes thimble 26 and the thimble fixing end that is connected with thimble 26, thimble fixing end is parallel with pad 25, and is connected by nut with pad 25, pad Elastomeric element C36, elastomeric element C36 are provided between the fixing end of piece 25 and thimble 26 and is enclosed on nut outside, thimble 26 and top The junction of pin fixing end is provided with rotating shaft, and the protuberance of passive arm 37 and 3 circular rear end of dial is connected to one by rotating shaft Rise, the free end of thimble 26 is arranged on holder groove close to the inner side of central axis one end.
Further, as shown in figure 4, leverage B includes partition 20 and two springs, one end of partition 20 respectively with bullet Spring A17 upper end is connected with the lower end of spring B 18, and bottom plate 31 is fixed in the middle part of the other end and reseting plate 19 by fixture On, partition 20 is arranged on above power transmission shaft 5 with spring A17 one end being connected, and the inner side of bottom plate 31 is fixed in spring A17 lower end, The upper end of spring B 18 is connected with one end of reseting plate 19, and the other end of reseting plate 19 is arranged on the top of holder reel 21, spring There is screw rod to pass through on the inside of B18, lower end and the partition 20 of screw rod are slidably connected, and the upper end of screw rod passes reseting plate 19, and on screw rod End is socketed the locating part of the restricted travel distance of reseting plate 19.Locating part may be configured as nut, and locating part act as preventing again The other end of bit slice 19 overwalks downwards, causes holder reel 21 to shift or damage;After power transmission shaft reset, spring A17 Partition 20 is pulled downward on, partition 20 pulls downward on one end of reseting plate 19 by spring B 18, makes the other end of reseting plate 19 upward Lift, so as to no longer extrude holder 22.
Further, as shown in Figure 10, the one end of pad 25 away from passive arm 37 is fixed with resetting block 27, resetting block 27 Free end is in contact with holder groove close to central axis one end, and one end that resetting block 27 touches with holder trench intersection is in slope Shape.
Further, as shown in figures 2 and 3, the rear side of bottom plate 31 being connected with lock collar fixture is additionally provided with positive stop strip 15, limits Position bar 15 is parallel with pull bar 8, and is fixed on the rear side of bottom plate 31 by positive stop strip fixture;Bullet is cased with the outside of one end of positive stop strip 15 Property part G, when mechanical code lock is closed, the other end of positive stop strip 15 heads on the side 30 of lock collar fixture rear end.
Further, as shown in figures 2 and 3, it is also associated with elastomeric element E7 in the middle part of pushing block A6, the one of elastomeric element E7 End is connected with pushing block A6 middle part, and the other end is positioned in the opening of the supporting plate 32 vertical with bottom plate 31.
Further, as shown in figures 2 and 3, the flexible part of one end outer sheath that pull bar 8 is connected with lock collar fixture 30 F34。
The projection C of bayonet lock can be set to circular, triangle or it is square in one kind.As shown in Figure 10, in figure right side bayonet lock For password position bayonet lock 20, the projection C of password position bayonet lock 20 is extend into teeth groove, so as to limit the rotation of lock collar 24;When holder 22 When pressing down on bayonet lock, spring compresses backward, and bayonet lock moves backward, the middle part of password position bayonet lock 28 is not provided with the position of protuberance Teeth groove is directed at, teeth groove is unobstructed to realize rotation.
The application method of coded lock of the present invention is:First confirm that coded lock is in reset state, then basis is set Unlocking cipher, rotation scale 3, a scale on dial 3 correspond to the one-bit digital of unlocking cipher, by assigned scale The password indicator graduation lines being threaded on panel 1, a numeral is often rotated, press a down-pressed pole 4, until password rotation is finished and pressed After down-pressed pole 4, squeeze grip 2, now, if the password of input is correct, it can unlock;If password bad, can not unlock.
The present invention unlocking principle be:When needing to unlock, according to the unlocking cipher set(Assuming that unlocking cipher is only set Put one digit number), rotation scale 3, a scale on dial 3 correspond to the one-bit digital of unlocking cipher, by assigned scale The password indicator graduation lines being threaded on panel 1, the rotating shaft of dial 3 drive the thimble 26 on passive arm 37 to rotate, make thimble 26 Free end with and dial 3 on the holder 22 that matches one by one of scale align, press a down-pressed pole 4, depression bar 4 backward, and pushes away Dynamic leverage A, the master arm being connected with depression bar 4(That is pad)Compress backward, the thimble on elastomeric element C compression passive arms 37 26 fixing ends, now for passive arm 37 along axis of rotation, rotational angle can be 60 ~ 170 °, and the thimble 26 on passive arm 37 is freely The inner side of holder groove is produced at end, heads on bar A39, and top bar A39 outwards ejects bar B40, and cause flexible positioning piece 38 blocks recessed Groove A41 makes top bar B40 one end fixation protrude from holder reel 21;The dead astern of prominent one end of holder 22 and password position bayonet lock 28 front end is corresponding;When squeeze grip 2, handle 2 drives power transmission shaft 5 to rotate, and power transmission shaft 5 drives pushing block C9 to rotate, and pushes away Promotion bar A on motion block C9 promotes projection A10, and projection A10 drives pushing block B11 to be rotated up, because pushing block B11 guiding Groove is contacted with the projection B12 on dividing plate 14 with being rotated up and progressive additive, with pushing block B11 further up Rotate, the dividing plate 14 being connected with projection B12 and the opposed bottom 31 of holder reel 21 are pulled back, holder reel 21 is to the same of pusher When prominent holder 22 is pressed on the front end of password position bayonet lock 28, the elastic component behind password position bayonet lock 28 is squeezed backward Compression, is moved rearwards password position bayonet lock 28, the middle part of password position bayonet lock 28 is not provided with the position alignment teeth groove of protuberance, password The projection C of position bayonet lock 28 no longer sticks lock collar 24;While when pushing block B11 is rotated pushing block A6 can be driven to be rotated up, pushed away The relative support plate 32 of pull bar 8 is pulled outwardly by motion block A6 while rotation, and pull bar 8 drives lock collar 24 to rotate simultaneously, because password position The projection C of bayonet lock 28 no longer sticks lock collar 24, and teeth groove is unobstructed to realize rotation, therefore lock collar 24 can rotate, so as to by dead bolt 16 It is pulled outwardly, and then lock is opened.
When password bad, it is necessary to when unlocking again, need first to reset coded lock, the process of reset is by handle 2 Lift, then rotation scale 3 one weeks.The principle of reset be handle 2 lift, power transmission shaft 5 moves upwards, make partition 20 with The connection end of spring jacks up upwards, and spring B jacks up one end of reseting plate 19, the other end walking downwards of reseting plate 19 and top upwards Sub- reel 21 contacts, and holder 22 is pressed into the sub-trenches that return back to top, top bar B40 flexible positioning piece 38 blocks groove B42;Resetting block 27 Prevent reseting plate 19 from ejecting holder 22 outside holder groove.
The invention is not limited in foregoing embodiment.The present invention, which expands to, any in this manual to be disclosed New feature or any new combination, and disclose any new method or process the step of or any new combination.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of mechanical code lock, including panel, door lock opener, cipher lock structure and bottom plate, it is characterised in that
The door lock opener includes handle, power transmission shaft, reseting plate, supporting plate, flat board, pushing block A and pushing block B, described Handle is fixed on panel through power transmission shaft, and power transmission shaft passes through panel and bottom plate;Supporting plate vertical surrounding bottom plate surrounding, put down Plate is parallel with bottom plate, and the side of flat board and supporting plate vertical connection;From bottom plate along power transmission shaft rearwardly direction, pushing block A And pushing block B is socketed with power transmission shaft successively from front to back, the middle part of the pushing block A other ends and pull bar is socketed, and pull bar is close to support It is socketed with elastomeric element A on the outside of one end of plate and is positioned in the opening of the supporting plate vertical with bottom plate;The pushing block B other ends are opened There is a guide groove, guide groove progressive additive from top to bottom;
The cipher lock structure includes dial, depression bar, holder reel, combination disk, lock collar and dead bolt, dial and is located at panel Front, the rear end of dial extends to panel back, and dial is connected with panel rotation in annular shape, in panel and bottom plate Between be provided with sleeve, along the direction of dial central axis in sleeve, be sequentially arranged at intervals with depression bar, holder from the front to the back Reel, combination disk, the outer sheath of combination disk are provided with lock collar, wherein, the circular groove of the depression bar front end and scale disk center, which slides, to be connected Connect, elastic component is installed between depression bar front end and panel, elastic component is enclosed on the outside of depression bar, and depression bar rear end passes through panel and and Lever machine Structure A connections, the leverage A are L-type, are connected in the middle part of the master arm that L-type leverage is laterally set with the rear end of depression bar, quilt Swing arm includes longitudinally disposed thimble;The central shaft of the holder reel passes through bottom plate, and holder reel along password disk center One section outer sheath flexible part of the central shaft between combination disk and bottom plate, towards the side in axle center on the excircle of holder reel To several holder grooves are evenly equipped with, holder is provided with holder groove, the position of holder matches one by one with the scale on dial, During password indicator graduation lines assigned scale being threaded on panel, the position of thimble is rotated to being matched with assigned scale start bit On the inside of holder, and holder is ejected when depression bar is pressed, one end of holder is protruded from holder reel;Outside the combination disk Direction on circumference towards axle center is evenly equipped with several bayonet lock grooves, and bayonet lock and elasticity are arranged with from front to back in each bayonet lock groove Part, bayonet lock correspond with holder, and bayonet lock front end protrudes from combination disk, and are located at holder when holder protrudes from holder reel and protrude The dead astern of one end, bayonet lock are divided into password position bayonet lock and non-password position bayonet lock, and the position of password position bayonet lock exists with set password The position of dial matches, and the password position bayonet lock rear portion or front and rear are provided with projection C, non-password position bayonet lock middle part Or middle part and projection C is provided with upper bit;The lock collar is provided with several teeth groove, and teeth groove corresponds and is located at bayonet lock rear portion Outside, and the projection C of password position bayonet lock is extend into teeth groove;
Reseting plate one end is installed between panel and bottom plate by leverage B and transmission axis connection, and the other end is located at holder The surface of reel;Dividing plate is provided with through between the center shaft rear end and bottom plate of the holder reel of bottom plate, dividing plate one end is fixed on On bottom plate, the other end provided with the projection B, the pushing block B parallel with bottom plate guide groove be placed in dividing plate projection B and bottom plate it Between;Lock collar upper end is provided with fixture, and fixture is connected through bottom plate and pull bar other end vertical connection, fixture with dead bolt, Dead bolt is positioned on flat board.
2. mechanical code lock according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The holder includes top bar A and top bar B, top bar A It is arranged at close central axis one end of holder groove and extends upwardly to outside holder groove, top bar B and top bar A vertical connections And in holder groove, push up and be arranged at intervals fluted A and groove B on bar B from inside to outside, it is fixed to be provided with elasticity above groove B Position part, when depression bar is pressed, flexible positioning piece, which blocks groove A, makes top bar B one end fixation protrude from holder reel.
3. mechanical code lock according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The pushing block A and the one of transmission axis connection End is also associated with catch, and the catch includes connecting rod and prerotation vane, connecting rod one end and transmission axis connection, and the other end is with being oriented to The lower end of piece is connected, and prerotation vane is arranged on the outside of guide groove and matched with guide groove, and guide groove can glide along prerotation vane Dynamic, the thickness of prerotation vane is identical with the thickness of guide groove lower end.
4. mechanical code lock according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The pushing block B is set close to the side of power transmission shaft It is equipped with the projection A parallel with power transmission shaft, is also socketed with pushing block C on the power transmission shaft behind pushing block B, pushing block C's is outer From top to bottom it is arranged at intervals with to promote bar A and promote bar B, projection A to be arranged on circumference and promotes between bar A and promotion bar B, works as handle When hand is not pressed, promote bar A to be in contact with projection A, when handle is pressed, promote bar B to be rotated up promoting projection A upward Rotate.
5. mechanical code lock according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The leverage A includes master arm, the strong point And passive arm, the master arm are 60 ~ 170 ° with the angle that passive arm is formed;Wherein, the master arm is the pad of square, Pad is provided centrally with through hole, and the rear end of depression bar is connected through through hole and with the rear end of depression bar;The strong point includes elasticity Part C and nut, the passive arm include thimble and the thimble fixing end being connected with thimble, and thimble fixing end is parallel with pad, And be connected by nut with pad, elastomeric element C is provided between pad and the fixing end of thimble, elastomeric element C is enclosed on nut Outside, the junction of thimble and thimble fixing end are provided with rotating shaft, and rotating shaft is by passive arm and the protrusion of dial annular shape rear end Portion links together, and the free end of thimble is arranged on holder groove close to the inner side of central axis one end.
6. mechanical code lock according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The leverage B includes partition and two bullets Spring, one end of partition are connected with spring A upper end and the lower end of spring B respectively, pass through fixation in the middle part of the other end and reseting plate Part is fixed on bottom plate, and partition is arranged on above power transmission shaft with spring A one end being connected, and spring A lower end is fixed in bottom plate Side, the upper end of spring B are connected with one end of reseting plate, and the other end of reseting plate is arranged on the top of holder reel, spring B inner side There is screw rod to pass through, lower end and the partition of screw rod are slidably connected, and the upper end of screw rod passes reseting plate, and the socket of screw rod upper end is restricted The locating part of reseting plate travel distance.
7. mechanical code lock according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The one end of the pad away from passive arm is fixed with Resetting block, the free end of resetting block are in contact with holder groove close to central axis one end, and resetting block and holder trench intersection Tactile one end is in ramped shaped.
8. mechanical code lock according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The floor rear is additionally provided with positive stop strip, institute It is parallel with pull bar to state positive stop strip, and floor rear is fixed on by positive stop strip fixture;One end outer sheath of positive stop strip is flexible Part G, when mechanical code lock is closed, the other end of positive stop strip heads on the side of lock collar fixture rear end.
9. mechanical code lock according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Elasticity is also associated with the middle part of the pushing block A Part E, elastomeric element E one end are connected with pushing block A middle part, and the other end is positioned over the opening of the supporting plate vertical with bottom plate On.
10. mechanical code lock according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The pull bar be connected with lock collar fixture one Hold the flexible part F of outer sheath.
CN201610111804.8A 2016-02-26 2016-02-26 A kind of mechanical code lock Active CN105545105B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201033972Y (en) * 2006-04-26 2008-03-12 李强 Mechanical cipher lock head
CN201908490U (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-07-27 宁波永发集团有限公司 Rotating disc type combination lock being convenient to change password
CN203394185U (en) * 2013-07-19 2014-01-15 黄祥青 Simple password modifying structure for rotating disc type coded lock
CN103573040A (en) * 2012-07-27 2014-02-12 黎国豪 Padlock with fully integrated dual locking system
CN205400299U (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-07-27 李瑞群 Mechanical coded lock

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9416563B1 (en) * 2007-10-12 2016-08-16 Zephyr Lock Llc Combination lock with rotary latch

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201033972Y (en) * 2006-04-26 2008-03-12 李强 Mechanical cipher lock head
CN201908490U (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-07-27 宁波永发集团有限公司 Rotating disc type combination lock being convenient to change password
CN103573040A (en) * 2012-07-27 2014-02-12 黎国豪 Padlock with fully integrated dual locking system
CN203394185U (en) * 2013-07-19 2014-01-15 黄祥青 Simple password modifying structure for rotating disc type coded lock
CN205400299U (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-07-27 李瑞群 Mechanical coded lock

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