CN105536413A - Adjustable long-flow purification equipment aiming at polluted fluid and working method of adjustable long-flow purification equipment - Google Patents

Adjustable long-flow purification equipment aiming at polluted fluid and working method of adjustable long-flow purification equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105536413A
CN105536413A CN201610063606.9A CN201610063606A CN105536413A CN 105536413 A CN105536413 A CN 105536413A CN 201610063606 A CN201610063606 A CN 201610063606A CN 105536413 A CN105536413 A CN 105536413A
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cleanser
liquid
fluid
combustion engine
main body
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CN201610063606.9A
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CN105536413B (en
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段洪池
赵孔全
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段洪池
赵孔全
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/60Combinations of devices covered by groups B01D46/00 and B01D47/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D15/00Separating processes involving the treatment of liquids with solid sorbents; Apparatus therefor
    • B01D15/08Selective adsorption, e.g. chromatography
    • B01D15/10Selective adsorption, e.g. chromatography characterised by constructional or operational features
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/77Liquid phase processes
    • B01D53/78Liquid phase processes with gas-liquid contact
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N9/00Electrical control of exhaust gas treating apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02DCONTROLLING COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02D11/00Arrangements for, or adaptations to, non-automatic engine control initiation means, e.g. operator initiated
    • F02D11/02Arrangements for, or adaptations to, non-automatic engine control initiation means, e.g. operator initiated characterised by hand, foot, or like operator controlled initiation means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02DCONTROLLING COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02D9/00Controlling engines by throttling air or fuel-and-air induction conduits or exhaust conduits
    • F02D9/08Throttle valves specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of such valves in conduits
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/02Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/02Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material
    • F23J15/04Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material using washing fluids
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/01Engine exhaust gases
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2610/00Adding substances to exhaust gases
    • F01N2610/14Arrangements for the supply of substances, e.g. conduits
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2610/00Adding substances to exhaust gases
    • F01N2610/14Arrangements for the supply of substances, e.g. conduits
    • F01N2610/1453Sprayers or atomisers; Arrangement thereof in the exhaust apparatus
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/40Engine management systems

Abstract

The invention provides adjustable long-flow purification equipment aiming at polluted fluid. The adjustable long-flow purification equipment is characterized by comprising an inlet, a filtering cavity main body inner core and an outlet, wherein the polluted fluid enters from the inlet, passes through the filtering cavity main body inner core and then is discharged from the outlet. A working method comprises the following steps: (1) inputting the polluted fluid into the filtering cavity main body inner core from the inlet, and filtering and purifying; intercepting and adsorbing pollutants into a polluted grain remaining network pipe and a hole path thereof, which can be clamped into a filtering core body; (2) filtering the polluted fluid through the filtering cavity main body inner core and then discharging the fluid from the outlet. The adjustable long-flow purification equipment provided by the invention has the advantages that an existing hard and soli-state gas-proof, waterproof and oil-proof filtering material is made into a shape capable of improving the filtering effect as much as possible, so that the polluted fluid can be repeatedly filtered for a plurality of times when flowing under certain pressure, and the pollutants in the polluted fluid can be filtered and adsorbed repeatedly grade by grade, and furthermore, the aim of purifying to reach the standard is realized.

Description

A kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid and method of work thereof
(1) technical field:
The invention belongs to field of Environment Protection, especially belong to a kind of utilize active carbon, carbon fiber, porous magnetic and other the present and the futures new-create rigid solid form and can be made into the filtering material of various shape, in order to the equipment that purifies contaminated air, contaminated water and contaminated oil plant and other contaminated fluid and method of work, i.e. a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid and method of work thereof.
(2) technical background:
As everyone knows, curbing environmental pollution is the worldwide task of top priority, especially PM2.5 particle the rising violently of concentration in atmosphere, seriously damage the healthy of the mankind, the significantly raising of CO2 content in an atmosphere exceedes record high, Global Temperature is raised, extreme climate phenomenon is all over the world caused to occur frequently, huge property loss and personal injury is caused to the world community people, therefore the present inventor have found one and fundamentally administers the technical thought and method that atmosphere CO 2 pollutes and PM2.5 pollutes, and applied for patent of invention on August 25th, 2014, its technical name is: " utilizing air cleaning facility and the method for work thereof of liquid reducer ".But this technology existing also has following shortcoming: 1, foregoing invention equipment is only limitted to for air-polluting purification; 2, take space in car body when being applied on car comparatively large for foregoing invention equipment, is exactly specifically a part of space having tied up car afterbody storage tank, decreases a part of usage space.
(3) summary of the invention:
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid and method of work thereof, it can solve the deficiencies in the prior art, fine particle in fine particle in effective removing contamination gas, the fine particle in contaminated water, poisonous substance and contaminated oil body, reaches the object that contaminated air, water and oil three kinds of fluids and other various contaminated fluids are purified.Can according to the difference being cleaned object pollution degree, the length of adjustable operative body system, guarantee that clean-up effect is up to standard, can according to the difference of pollutant component, the chemicals of coupling difference in functionality, contaminated air is reached and can breathe standard, sewage is made to reach standard of can swimming, contaminated cooking oil (being commonly called as waste oil) is purified to can as the standard manufacturing hydrocarbon oil feedstock, make the oil purification of engine pollution lubricating to being downgraded to the standard that can be used in compared with carrying out lubrication work in low-speed running machinery, can make other contaminated fluid purification to artificial formulate certain standard.
Technical scheme of the present invention: a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid, is characterized in that it comprises import, filter chamber main body inner core and outlet; Contaminated-fluid has outlet to discharge after passing into filter chamber main body inner core by import;
Described filter chamber main body inner core forms by clamping filtering core and can clamp filtering core bracing frame, the described filtering core bracing frame that clamps is arranged at core inner in filter chamber main body, describedly clamps filtering core and can clamp filtering core bracing frame clamp-type and coordinate and install; The described filtering core that clamps is made up of the gasproof of active carbon, carbon fiber, porous magnetic or other hard solid state, filtering material that is water-fast, oil resistant.
The described filtering core inside that clamps has been provided with dirty grain and has retained network pipe.
Described filter chamber main body inner core is installed in filter chamber main body cover and forms fluid purification chamber body; Described filter chamber main body cover is arranged contaminated-fluid enter pipe and bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe, respectively with import with export corresponding.
Described import department arranges fluid and enters pressue device.
It is with the adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump among the pressure of appropriateness injection filter cavity main body by contaminanted fluid that described fluid enters pressue device.
Described import department arranges fluid net agent injection apparatus.
Described fluid net agent injection apparatus adopts cleanser nozzle for liquid or electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid, and described cleanser nozzle for liquid or electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid are connected with cleanser liquid storage bin by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump.
Described fluid net agent injection apparatus adopts cleanser liquid jet suction line, and described cleanser liquid jet suction line is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin.
Described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump, cleanser liquid high-pressure pump are connected with power supply with X button by starting, and cleanser liquid thermosistor is connected with power supply.
Described import is connected with the external-combustion engine chimney of external-combustion engine, and outlet is connected with external-combustion engine air intake duct.
Described power plant ultra-large type external-combustion engine chimney is connected with the import of some groups of filter chamber main body inner cores; When described external-combustion engine chimney is connected with the import of two groups of filter chamber main body inner cores, the junction of external-combustion engine chimney and two groups of imports arranges waste gas and commutates and keep off door, and waste gas commutation gear door enters with waste gas the handle that commutates and is connected; When described external-combustion engine chimney is connected with the import of two groups of filter chamber main body inner cores, the connection confluce of external-combustion engine chimney and two imports arranges waste gas and commutates and keep off door;
Described import department arranges adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump and cleanser nozzle for liquid, and described cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump, arranges cleanser liquid thermosistor in described cleanser liquid storage bin; Described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump is connected with civil power terminal plate with X button by starting with cleanser nozzle for liquid, and cleanser liquid thermosistor is connected with civil power terminal plate.
Between described filter chamber main body cover by filter chamber main body cover turn round mediator connect.
Described import is connected with the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe of internal combustion engine, outlet and internal-combustion engine vent-pipe, and internal-combustion engine vent-pipe can enter intake lines of combustion engines to plenum with mode of jet by exhaust commutation valve;
The described import department be connected with internal-combustion engine vent-pipe arranges electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid; Described electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with simple computer, and simple computer is connected with the Speed sensing device of internal combustion engine; Described electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump; In described cleanser liquid storage bin, cleanser liquid thermosistor is set;
Or, the described import department be connected with internal-combustion engine vent-pipe is connected with blast pipe with the liquid outlet jet suction-type rake angle form of cleanser liquid jet suction line, described cleanser liquid jet suction line arranges cleanser liquid on-off switch and cleanser liquid measure hole, and described cleanser liquid on-off switch is connected with the second electric expansion bar by cleanser liquid on-off switch handle;
Described internal-combustion engine vent-pipe outlet arranges with intake lines of combustion engines parallel join place and is vented the valve that commutates, and exhaust commutation valve is connected with the first electric expansion bar by exhaust commutation valve handlebar;
Described simple computer, cleanser liquid high-pressure pump, the first electric expansion bar, the second electric expansion bar are connected with battery with X button by starting, and cleanser liquid thermosistor is connected with battery.
Described internal combustion engine arranges lubricant sump cock of water drain, and lubricant sump cock of water drain is connected with cock of water drain handle; The air inlet of internal combustion engine arranges air inlet adjustment valve, and air inlet adjustment valve is connected with pedal by air inlet adjustment bracing wire.
Described import is connected with the purification waste water discharge opening not up to standard of purification wastewater disposal basin not up to standard, import department arranges cleanser nozzle for liquid, described cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump, arranges cleanser liquid thermosistor in described cleanser liquid storage bin; Described cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with civil power terminal plate with X button by starting, and cleanser liquid thermosistor is connected with civil power terminal plate.
Described import is connected with the outlet polluting oil storage tank, import department arranges adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump and cleanser nozzle for liquid, described cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump, arranges cleanser liquid thermosistor in described cleanser liquid storage bin; Described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump is connected with civil power terminal plate with X button by starting with cleanser nozzle for liquid, and cleanser liquid thermosistor is connected with civil power terminal plate; Described outlet is connected with the inlet port of purification oil storage tank; For clean oil is separated at the bottom of tip case with precipitated impurities and contamination precipitation accumulates annular groove bottom described purification oil storage tank, contamination precipitation accumulates annular groove and arranges precipitated impurities fluid draw-off cock.
The outlet that described import and villa or residential cell sewage discharge front sedimentation basin is connected, import department arranges adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump and cleanser nozzle for liquid, described cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump, arranges cleanser liquid thermosistor in described cleanser liquid storage bin; Described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump is connected with civil power terminal plate with X button by starting with cleanser nozzle for liquid, and cleanser liquid thermosistor is connected with civil power terminal plate.
Described import is connected by polluted river water inlet port with polluted river water.
Described import is connected with pollution Hu Tangshui, and import department arranges adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump, and described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump is connected with civil power terminal plate with X button by starting.
For a method of work for the adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment of contaminated-fluid, it is characterized in that it comprises the following steps:
(1) contaminated-fluid inputs in-core in filter chamber main body by import and carries out filtration, purification, and dirt is blocked and is adsorbed onto the dirty grain that can clamp in filtering core and retains network pipe and Kong Luzhong thereof;
(2) contaminated-fluid is discharged by outlet after filter chamber main body inner core filters.
Described contaminated-fluid enters in-core in filter chamber main body after mixing with the fog sprayed by cleanser nozzle for liquid; Described cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with the cleanser liquid storage bin filling it up with cleanser liquid, and the after-purification agent liquid that switches on power is transported to cleanser nozzle for liquid by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump and is sprayed.
When described import is connected with the chimney of small-sized and medium-sized external-combustion engine, the exhaust chimney of a bifurcated is set from the outlet of external-combustion engine chimney, moves commutation handle, the switch of the import of the waste gas commutation gear gate control two groups of filter chamber main body inner cores be attached thereto, start after this equipment carries out work, when pollution waste gas is inhaled into, fog through the ejection of cleanser nozzle for liquid mixes with it, make the particle in waste gas with in cleanser containing the moisture of cleanser mix increase weight, become greatly, easy chaining adheres to, make it when passing by filter chamber main body inner core, dirt is just blocked and is adsorbed onto the dirty grain that can clamp in filtering core and retains network pipe and Kong Luzhong thereof and retain, clean waste gas sends into external-combustion engine air intake duct by pipeline after being cleaned fluid discharge pipe discharge, forms the closed cycle that air participates in burning, and the carbon dioxide in synergistic purification waste gas participates in burning together again, when by the clamped filtering core that uses to stain thing retain saturated time, need to change, under the state that external-combustion engine works on, waste gas commutation gear door is entered commutation handle by handling waste gas, waste gas is turned to towards another cleaning equipment for subsequent use, while external-combustion engine is worked on, filter cavity main body saturated for pollutant is quit work, pull down filter chamber main body inner core, the clamped filtering core more renewed, wait for that clamped filtering core dirt absorption in previous equipment is saturated rear when needing the clamped filtering core more renewed, capable startup is taken over job again.
When described import is connected with the chimney of power plant ultra-large type external-combustion engine, when replacing can clamp filtering core, the switch valve-closing that can clamp filtering core equipment is changed by needing, this device powers down is quit work, carry out afterwards clamping more changing jobs of filtering core, the state of whole ultra-large type external combustion function maintenance work.
When described import is connected with the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe of internal combustion engine, first internal combustion engine start is got up, carry out hot range of driving sequence, then startup and X button is pressed, when now pollution waste gas enters pipe by the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe contaminated-fluid be discharged in filter chamber main body, owing to starting cleanser liquid high-pressure pump simultaneously, cleanser liquid high-pressure pump is just inhaled cleanser liquid and is pressurizeed and deliver to electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid and spray into contaminated-fluid and enter in pipe in cleanser liquid storage bin, by waste gas humidifying, the particle water suction in waste gas is made to become large, thus filter and be adsorbed in and can clamp in filtering core, be purified and make particle retain among filtering core, simultaneously, the signal that engine speed changes is passed to simple computer by the Speed sensing device be attached on IC engine airframe, simple computer passes to electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid by being converted into the signal controlling spray liquid measure how many immediately, when rotating speed is low, capacity is just few, Speed sensing signal is just low, adjust the cleanser liquid of flow nozzle ejection just few so control electricity, during rotating speed height, capacity is just large, Speed sensing signal is just high, electricity adjusts the cleanser liquid of flow nozzle ejection just many, when using in such cases, containing the moisture of cleanser in cleanser liquid, by the particle humidifying in exhaust, thus become large, main compound is become particle, all become toughness, thus filter and be adsorbed onto and can clamp in filtering core, waste gas is made to obtain the purification greatly reducing particle, just as the dust in air inlet filter filtered air, exhaust is made to obtain purification on physical composition.
When described import is connected with the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe of internal combustion engine, upon start up, waste gas is that being decreased in a part of waste gas by filter chamber main body of dry type is contained by sulfur oxide when discharging, the PM2.5 fine particle of the composition such as phosphorous oxide, but can not be thoroughly clean, so just have some to pollute to air after discharging, when after internal combustion engine start stable car, when pressing startup and X button, due to the effect of cleanser liquid, exhaust is made to obtain purification, make the action of electric expansion bar simultaneously, handling exhaust commutation valve handlebar makes exhaust commutation valve close the outlet of the external combustion gas of internal-combustion engine vent-pipe, make the waste gas of these high purifications connect exhaust simultaneously and proceed to charge jet transition conduit, and the mode of communicating that waste gas proceeds to air inlet transition conduit and intake lines of combustion engines is fluidic communication method, so the waste gas purified just with Exhaust Pressure itself to plenum.
When described import is connected with the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe of internal combustion engine, control cleanser liquid with half mechanical system or pure mechanical system enter and mix with pollution waste gas: after internal combustion engine start stable car, press startup and X button, first electric expansion bar and the second electric expansion bar stretch out simultaneously, first electric expansion lever operation exhaust commutation valve handlebar makes exhaust commutation valve connect exhaust while the external exhaust pathway of closedown internal-combustion engine vent-pipe and proceeds to charge jet transition conduit, to plenum, this is also a kind of heat energy recovery and a kind of emulsifying combustion simultaneously, because the second electric expansion lever operation cleanser liquid on-off switch handle makes cleanser liquid on-off switch open, make cleanser liquid jet suction line by spraying cleanser liquid in the internal combustion engine blast pipe of cleanser liquid measure hole, when rotating speed is low, capacity is little, jet power is low, the cleanser liquid sprayed into is just few, during rotating speed height, capacity is large, jet power is high, the cleanser liquid injected is just many, with the pore size in cleanser liquid measure hole adjust cleanser liquid volume number.
When described import is connected with the purification waste water discharge opening not up to standard of purification wastewater disposal basin not up to standard, the contaminated-fluid that waste water not up to standard relies on potential energy to enter filter chamber main body enters pipe, through filter chamber main body inner core to useless water purification not up to standard, make it rise to criterion of acceptability, discharge from bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe.
Described waste water not up to standard with delivered to cleanser nozzle for liquid by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump sucking-off supercharging and then spray into the cleanser liquid that contaminated-fluid enters in pipe and mix, be purified.
When described import is connected with pollution oil storage tank, contaminated-fluid enters pipe and stretches in pollution oil storage tank, with adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump, contaminated oil is sent in filter chamber main body, after filtration the filtration of cavity main body inner core, then enter in purification oil storage tank through bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe and store; Described purification oil storage tank is made by transparent material, it is the sharp formula shape of inwardly protuberance at the bottom of case, be called that clean oil is separated with precipitated impurities at the bottom of tip case, the halfway impurity of purification filtering and moisture and clean oil layering, making impurity and moisture flow to precipitation accumulates in annular groove, then release from precipitated impurities fluid draw-off cock, pollution oil plant is purified thoroughly.
Described import and sewage discharge sedimentation basin when being connected, and contaminated-fluid enters pipe and stretches into sewage and discharge in sedimentation basin, discharge after with adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump sanitary sewage supercharging being sent into the filtration of cavity main body inner core after filtration in filter chamber main body.
When described import is connected with contaminated river, filter cavity main body is fixed on the bank in the direction in face of current, utilize the power of river flowing water, polluted river water is made to enter in filter cavity main body by polluted river water inlet port, through filtration and the absorption of filter chamber main body inner core, discharge from bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe 7 after being purified.
When described import is connected with the contaminated pool, lake sewage, filter cavity main body concentrates the Hu Tang bank being fixed on contaminated, by adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump, contaminated lake water is sucked supercharging, send in filter cavity main body, enter again lake water from bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe after carrying out filtration, purification by filter chamber main body inner core, the sewage pollution degree in lake water is desalinated.
Operation principle of the present invention: describedly fill it up with cleanser liquid in cleanser liquid case, what is for the contaminated composition of fluid object exactly, add corresponding cleanser liquid, such as, in this fluid, sulfur content is main component, the main component of The cleanser liquid should be just desulfurizing agent, if lead tolerance is main component in this fluid, the main component of The cleanser liquid should be just deleading reagent, if carbonated is main component in this fluid, then cleanser should be then the feldspar aqueous solution, ordinary circumstance is containing multiple pollutant in a kind of contaminated-fluid, its cleanser can apply wide spectrum, if do not accomplish wide spectrum, should be the cleanser liquid that filling can purify major pollutants.
Required power supply connected by described battery or civil power terminal plate, is exactly switch on power from battery or civil power terminal plate by drawing, connected by each power device of system, enables to start operation;
Described contaminated gas, water body, oil body or other kinds enter the carrying out repeatedly continued of multilayer special type filtering core in fluid purification cavity main body and filter, say that the one in the middle of by three kinds or other kind of contaminated-fluid injects this equipment, carry out the filtration repeatedly continued of long flow process Zigzag type, discharged by cleaning fluid outlet after cleannes are up to standard;
If described clean-up performance is not up to standard, multiple fluid purification chamber body can be connected, extend filtration, purification workflow, make it up to standard.After the fluid of discharging from cleaning fluid outlet is detected, find that cleannes are not up to standard exactly, one or more fluid purification chamber body can be reconnected, increase purification process length, make clean-up effect obtain degree up to standard.
Technique effect of the present invention and superiority: 1, the present invention makes a kind of basis purification cavity equipment, this purification cavity can used aloned, also can multiple series connection use, be characterized in the gasproof utilizing existing hard solid state, water-fast, a kind of shape increasing filter effect as far as possible made by the filtering material of oil resistant, series of symmetric formula is arranged in fluid purification chamber body equipment, can by filtration many times repeatedly when contaminanted fluid is flowed through under a certain pressure, make pollutant contained by self through being repeatedly filtered absorption step by step, just be cleaned once through one-level, in one or more purification cavity, the relay-type of overanxious core body filters and is retained by dirt, finally complete purification object up to standard, 2, the present invention is in order to increase filter efficiency, can according to the difference of purification object, prepare the cleanser for this kind of pollutant component, some filtering materials are inherently containing certain specific aim purification speciality, if complete machine filtering material used is corresponding with pollutant contained by the contaminated fluid that will carry out purifying, then can not use cleanser, also can complete purification task, 3, the present invention realizes external-combustion engine waste gas and pollutes the absolute zero of aerial air, the saturated filtering core of the dirt changed can be handled as follows, one is that directly feeding take gangue as the brickmaking machine charging aperture of raw material, be mixed into the material that gangue becomes brickmaking together, or continue again after making it cleaning by cleaning procedure to use, the dirt washed down is mixed is stirred in brickmaking together in brick producing material, more convenient, more economically weighs decision how to process, 4, when the present invention is used for internal-combustion engines exhaust gas purifying, owing to containing heat energy in these cleaning exhaust gas, and itself is primarily of carbon dioxide gas and steam composition, carbon dioxide can combustion heat release after mixing with the fuel oil sprayed into, steam can combustion heat release by igniting in the combustion chamber of the high heat of high pressure, so energy-conservation, the two is total to energy-conservation about 35%, because although the waste gas of discharging when starting have passed through the purification to a certain degree of filter cavity main body, but not absolute purification, although after pressing startup and X button, air during obtaining groundwork participates in the closed cycle of burning, absolute zero during achieving groundwork is polluted, but also need after one day startup and X button to press closedown with the mode work 3-5 minute removing emulsifying combustion in work, reach little content of the casing internal moisture content the same with before repacking, thus internal works is corroded less, protection engine interior part, so just by starting, when removing emulsifying combustion before of short duration stable car and end-of-job is not the working stage of closed cycle, this little time period directly enters waste gas in air containing pollutant component, no pollution can not be accomplished, but the groundwork time is the closed cycle that air participates in burning, that absolute zero is polluted, the two is added is that Relative Zero is polluted, because emulsifying combustion makes more steam enter casing internal, mix with the lubricating oil of casing internal, be progressively deposited to the bottom accumulation of casing, regularly release these moisture and corroded less to protect the inner body of engine, 5, the present invention with half mechanical system or pure mechanical system control cleanser liquid enter and mix with internal combustion engine institute pollution discharging waste gas time, the mechanical system adopted is simple and reliable, easy to use, and maintenance is easy, cheap, easily promotes, 6, the contaminated waste oil after various engine lubricating oil life cycle completes is purified, lubricant pollution waste oil collecting after being used by these engines gets up, after utilizing this equipment to carry out purifying, decolouring, the machinery that can be used for general low-speed running does off-oil and uses, purification, owing to frying the contaminated various edible oils such as use, makes it to become the basic material manufacturing Used in Diesel Engines oil, 7, utilize the present invention to keep river flowing water, the water on the pool, lake cleans, the present invention is the technology maintaining water environment purification under the prerequisite keeping blowdown industry to exist, the temperature range that 8, should keep according to the concrete condition determination cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 of this kind of cleanser liquid when applying cleanser liquid, 9, dirty grain filtering core and inside built can be clamped and retain network pipe, the tube wall that dirty grain retains network pipe can increase filter area to improve filter efficiency, the space of pipe bucket can retain dirt and more be filled in the speed that can not re-use to reduce other filtering surface, increases the service life, fluid purification cavity turns round mediator, and this mediator can make fluid purification cavity can turn the curved of multiple angles when extending and using to carry out Rational Matching, the device compositions such as the control system under cleaning fluid outlet and various application occasions, 10, this device can not only for contaminated air, can also for contaminated water and and contaminated oil plant and other contaminanted fluid carry out purified treatment, can carry out purification work to multiple contaminated fluid, 11, to accomplish in the use of combustion motor more convenient, its main points to reduce the volume of main cleaning equipment, the less space in enging cabin or outside cabin and type space of turning round can be arranged into, namely to occupy little space and by special case can be utilized to design, and easy to maintenance, thus when supporting the use on other equipment of various use internal combustion engine, this matching method can be used equally, reach few space, skilful use space and keep in repair convenient object.
(4) accompanying drawing illustrates:
The purification chamber body structural representation of Fig. 1 designed by the present invention;
The structural framing schematic diagram that Fig. 2 utilizes this equipment clean external-combustion engine to be vented involved by the present invention;
The structural framing schematic diagram that Fig. 3 utilizes this equipment clean ultra-large type external-combustion engine to be vented involved by the present invention;
Fig. 4 utilizes the structural framing schematic diagram of this equipment clean I. C. engine exhaust for this Fa Ming Suo Wataru;
The pollution waste gas schematic diagram that Fig. 5 discharges with half mechanical system or pure mechanical system cleaning internal combustion engines for the present invention is involved;
The structural framing schematic diagram of the waste water not up to standard that Fig. 6 utilizes this equipment clean chemical plant to discharge involved by the present invention;
Fig. 7 utilizes this equipment clean to pollute the structural framing schematic diagram of oil plant set by the present invention;
Fig. 8 utilizes the structural framing schematic diagram of this equipment clean villa and community life sewage involved by the present invention;
Fig. 9 utilizes the structural framing schematic diagram of the contaminated little river of this equipment clean involved by the present invention;
Figure 10 utilizes the structural framing schematic diagram of the pool, this equipment clean contaminated lake sewage involved by the present invention;
Figure 11 is that dirty grain retains network pipe and is produced on the structural representation that can clamp filtering core inside.
Accompanying drawing parts check mark literal interpretation is as follows:
Wherein: 1 is filter cavity main body, 2 is filter chamber main body cover, 3 is filter chamber main body inner core, 4 for can clamp filtering core, 5 for can clamp filtering core support, 6 enter pipe for contaminated-fluid, 7 is bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe, 8 is external-combustion engine, 9 is external-combustion engine chimney, 10 for starting and X button, 11 is cleanser liquid high-pressure pump, 12 is cleanser nozzle for liquid, 13 is adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump, 14 is cleanser liquid storage bin, 15 is civil power terminal plate, 16 to turn round mediator for filter chamber main body cover, 17 enter commutation handle for waste gas, 18 is waste gas commutation gear door, 19 is external-combustion engine air intake duct, 20 is cleanser liquid thermosistor, 21 is internal combustion engine, 22 is intake lines of combustion engines, 23 is internal-combustion engine vent-pipe, 24 is air inlet adjustment valve, 25 is air inlet adjustment bracing wire, 26 is pedal, 27 is the first electric expansion bar, 28 is exhaust commutation valve, 29 is exhaust commutation valve handlebar, 30 proceed to charge jet transition conduit for exhaust, 31 is lubricant sump cock of water drain, 32 is cock of water drain handle, 33 is battery, 34 is simple computer, 35 is Speed sensing device, 36 is electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid, 37 is the second electric expansion bar, 38 is cleanser liquid on-off switch handle, 39 is cleanser liquid on-off switch, 40 is cleanser liquid measure hole, 41 is cleanser liquid jet suction line, 42 is purification wastewater disposal basin not up to standard, 43 is purification waste water discharge opening not up to standard, 44 is sedimentation basin before villa or residential cell sewage are discharged, 45 for polluting oil storage tank, 46 is purification oil storage tank, 47 are separated with precipitated impurities at the bottom of tip case for clean oil, 48 is contamination precipitation accumulation annular groove, 49 is precipitated impurities fluid draw-off cock, 50 is polluted river water, 51 is polluted river water inlet port, 52 for polluting Hu Tangshui, 53 retain network pipe for dirty grain.
(5) detailed description of the invention:
Embodiment: a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment (see Fig. 1 to Figure 11) for contaminated-fluid, is characterized in that it comprises import, filter chamber main body inner core 3 and outlet; Contaminated-fluid has outlet to discharge after passing into filter chamber main body inner core 3 by import;
Described filter chamber main body inner core 3 forms by clamping filtering core 4 and can clamp filtering core bracing frame 5, describedly clamp filtering core bracing frame 5 to be arranged at filter chamber main body inner core 3 inner, describedly clamp filtering core 4 and filtering core bracing frame 5 clamp-type can be clamped coordinate and install; The described filtering core 4 that clamps is made up of the gasproof of active carbon, carbon fiber, porous magnetic or other hard solid state, filtering material that is water-fast, oil resistant.
Described filtering core 4 inside that clamps has been provided with dirty grain and has retained network pipe 53.(see Figure 11)
Described filter chamber main body inner core 3 is installed in filter chamber main body cover 2 and forms fluid purification chamber body 1; Described filter chamber main body cover 2 is arranged contaminated-fluid and enters pipe 6 and bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe 7, respectively with import and export corresponding.(see Fig. 1)
Described import department arranges fluid and enters pressue device.
It is with the adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13 among the pressure of appropriateness injection filter cavity main body 1 by contaminanted fluid that described fluid enters pressue device.(see Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Figure 10)
Described import department arranges fluid net agent injection apparatus.
Described fluid net agent injection apparatus adopts cleanser nozzle for liquid 12 (see Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8) or electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid 36 (see Fig. 4), and described cleanser nozzle for liquid 12 or electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid 36 are connected (see Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8) with cleanser liquid storage bin 14 by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump 11.
Described fluid net agent injection apparatus adopts cleanser liquid jet suction line 41, and described cleanser liquid jet suction line 41 is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin 14.(see Fig. 5)
In described cleanser liquid storage bin 14, cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 is set.(see Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8)
Described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13, cleanser liquid high-pressure pump 11 are connected with power supply with X button 10 by starting, and cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 is connected with power supply.(see Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8)
Described import is connected with the external-combustion engine chimney 9 of external-combustion engine 8, and outlet is connected with external-combustion engine air intake duct 19.(see Fig. 2, Fig. 3)
Described power plant ultra-large type external-combustion engine chimney 9 is connected with the import of some groups of filter chamber main body inner cores 3; When described external-combustion engine chimney 9 is connected with the import of two groups of filter chamber main body inner cores 3, the junction of external-combustion engine chimney 9 and two groups of imports arranges waste gas and commutates and keep off door 18, and waste gas commutation gear door 18 enters with waste gas the handle 17 that commutates and is connected; When described external-combustion engine chimney 9 is connected with the import of two groups of filter chamber main body inner cores 3, the connection confluce of external-combustion engine chimney 9 and two imports arranges waste gas and commutates and keep off door 18;
Described import department arranges adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13 and cleanser nozzle for liquid 12, and described cleanser nozzle for liquid 12 is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin 14 by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump 11, arranges cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 in described cleanser liquid storage bin 14; Described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13 is connected with civil power terminal plate 15 with X button 10 by starting with cleanser nozzle for liquid 12, and cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 is connected with civil power terminal plate 15.(see Fig. 2, Fig. 3)
Connected by the filter chamber main body cover mediator 16 that turns round between described filter chamber main body cover 2.(see Fig. 2, Fig. 3)
Described import is connected with the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe 23 of internal combustion engine 21, and outlet is connected with internal-combustion engine vent-pipe 23, and internal-combustion engine vent-pipe 23 can enter intake lines of combustion engines 22 to plenum with mode of jet by exhaust commutation valve 28; (see Fig. 4, Fig. 5)
The described import department be connected with internal-combustion engine vent-pipe 23 arranges electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid 36; Described electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid 36 is connected with simple computer 34, and simple computer 34 is connected with the Speed sensing device 35 of internal combustion engine 21; Described electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid 36 is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin 14 by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump 11; In described cleanser liquid storage bin 14, cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 is set; (see Fig. 4)
Or, the described import department be connected with internal-combustion engine vent-pipe 23 is connected with blast pipe 23 with the liquid outlet jet suction-type rake angle form of cleanser liquid jet suction line 41, described cleanser liquid jet suction line 41 arranges cleanser liquid on-off switch 39 and cleanser liquid measure hole 40, and described cleanser liquid on-off switch 39 is connected with the second electric expansion bar 37 by cleanser liquid on-off switch handle; (see Fig. 5)
Described internal-combustion engine vent-pipe 23 outlet arranges with intake lines of combustion engines 22 parallel join place and is vented the valve 28 that commutates, and exhaust commutation valve 28 is connected with the first electric expansion bar 27 by being vented commutation valve handlebar; (see Fig. 4, Fig. 5)
Described simple computer 34, cleanser liquid high-pressure pump 11, first electric expansion bar 27, second electric expansion bar 37 are connected with battery 33 with X button 10 by starting, and cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 is connected with battery 33.(see Fig. 4, Fig. 5)
Described internal combustion engine 21 arranges lubricant sump cock of water drain 31, and lubricant sump cock of water drain 31 is connected with cock of water drain handle 32; The air inlet of internal combustion engine 21 arranges air inlet adjustment valve 24, and air inlet adjustment valve 24 is connected with pedal 26 by air inlet adjustment bracing wire 25.(see Fig. 4, Fig. 5)
Described import is connected with the purification waste water discharge opening 43 not up to standard of purification wastewater disposal basin 42 not up to standard, import department arranges cleanser nozzle for liquid 12, described cleanser nozzle for liquid 12 is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin 14 by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump 11, arranges cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 in described cleanser liquid storage bin 14; Described cleanser nozzle for liquid 12 is connected with civil power terminal plate 15 with X button 10 by starting, and cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 is connected with civil power terminal plate 15.(see Fig. 6)
Described import is connected with the outlet polluting oil storage tank 45, import department arranges adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13 and cleanser nozzle for liquid 12, described cleanser nozzle for liquid 12 is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin 14 by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump 11, arranges cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 in described cleanser liquid storage bin 14; Described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13 is connected with civil power terminal plate 15 with X button 10 by starting with cleanser nozzle for liquid 12, and cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 is connected with civil power terminal plate 15; Described outlet is connected with the inlet port of purification oil storage tank 46; Bottom described purification oil storage tank 46 for clean oil to be separated with precipitated impurities at the bottom of tip case 47 and contamination precipitation accumulates annular groove 48, contamination precipitation accumulation annular groove 48 arranges precipitated impurities fluid draw-off cock.(see Fig. 7)
The outlet that described import and villa or residential cell sewage discharge front sedimentation basin 44 is connected, import department arranges adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13 and cleanser nozzle for liquid 12, described cleanser nozzle for liquid 12 is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin 14 by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump 11, arranges cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 in described cleanser liquid storage bin 14; Described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13 is connected with civil power terminal plate 15 with X button 10 by starting with cleanser nozzle for liquid 12, and cleanser liquid thermosistor 20 is connected with civil power terminal plate 15.(see Fig. 8)
Described import is connected by polluted river water inlet port 51 with polluted river water 50.(see Fig. 9)
Described import is connected with the pollution pool, lake water 52, and import department arranges adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13, and described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13 is connected with civil power terminal plate 15 with X button 10 by starting.(see Figure 10)
For a method of work for the adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment of contaminated-fluid, its feature comprises the following steps:
(1) contaminated-fluid is inputted in filter chamber main body inner core 3 by import and carries out filtration, purification, and dirt is blocked and is adsorbed onto the dirty grain that can clamp in filtering core 4 and retains network pipe 53 and Kong Luzhong thereof;
(2) contaminated-fluid is discharged by outlet after filter chamber main body inner core 3 filters.
Described contaminated-fluid enters in filter chamber main body inner core 3 after mixing with the fog sprayed by cleanser nozzle for liquid 12; Described cleanser nozzle for liquid 12 is connected with the cleanser liquid storage bin 14 filling it up with cleanser liquid, and the after-purification agent liquid that switches on power is transported to cleanser nozzle for liquid 12 by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump 11 and is sprayed.
When described import is connected with the chimney 9 of small-sized and medium-sized external-combustion engine 8, arrange the exhaust chimney of a bifurcated from the outlet of external-combustion engine chimney 9, move commutation handle 17, the waste gas be attached thereto commutation gear door 18 controls the switch of the import of two groups of filter chamber main body inner cores 3, start after this equipment carries out work, when pollution waste gas is inhaled into, the fog sprayed through cleanser nozzle for liquid 12 mixes with it, particle in waste gas mixed with the moisture in cleanser increase weight, become large, easily chaining adhere to, its targetedly cleanser make the compound in waste gas become particulate solid, that easily the company of extension adheres to equally, making these particles when passing by filter chamber main body inner core 3, being just blocked and being adsorbed onto the dirty grain that can clamp in filtering core 4 and retaining network pipe 53 and Kong Luzhong thereof and retain, clean waste gas sends into external-combustion engine air intake duct 19 by pipeline after being cleaned fluid discharge pipe 7 discharge, forms the closed cycle that air participates in burning, and the carbon dioxide in synergistic purification waste gas participates in burning together again, when by the clamped filtering core 4 that uses to stain thing retain saturated time, need to change, under the state that external-combustion engine works on, waste gas commutation gear door 18 is entered commutation handle 17 by handling waste gas, waste gas is turned to towards another cleaning equipment for subsequent use, while external-combustion engine is worked on, filter cavity main body 1 saturated for pollutant is quit work, pull down filter chamber main body inner core 3, the clamped filtering core more renewed 4, when waiting for the clamped filtering core 4 dirt absorption saturated rear the clamped filtering core needing more to renew 4 in previous equipment, capable startup is taken over job again.
When described import is connected with the chimney 9 of power plant ultra-large type external-combustion engine 8, when replacing can clamp filtering core 4, the switch valve-closing that can clamp filtering core 4 equipment is changed by needing, this device powers down is quit work, carry out afterwards clamping more changing jobs of filtering core 4, the state of whole ultra-large type external combustion function maintenance work.
When described import is connected with the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe 23 of internal combustion engine 21, first internal combustion engine 21 is started up, carry out hot range of driving sequence, then startup and X button 10 is pressed, when now pollution waste gas enters pipe 6 by internal-combustion engine vent-pipe 23 contaminated-fluid be discharged in filter chamber main body 1, owing to starting cleanser liquid high-pressure pump 11 simultaneously, cleanser liquid high-pressure pump 11 is just inhaled cleanser liquid and is pressurizeed and deliver to electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid 36 and spray into contaminated-fluid and enter in pipe 6 in cleanser liquid storage bin 14, by waste gas humidifying, the particle water suction in waste gas is made to become large, thus filter and be adsorbed in and can clamp in filtering core 4, be purified and make particle retain among filtering core, simultaneously, the signal that engine speed changes is passed to simple computer 34 by the Speed sensing device 35 be attached on internal combustion engine 21 body, simple computer 34 passes to electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid 36 by being converted into the signal controlling spray liquid measure how many immediately, when rotating speed is low, capacity is just few, Speed sensing signal is just low, adjust the cleanser liquid of flow nozzle ejection just few so control electricity, during rotating speed height, capacity is just large, Speed sensing signal is just high, electricity adjusts the cleanser liquid of flow nozzle ejection just many, when using in such cases, moisture in cleanser liquid, by the particle humidifying in exhaust, thus become large, become toughness, thus filter and be adsorbed onto and can clamp in filtering core 4, waste gas is made to obtain the purification greatly reducing particle, cleanser in cleanser liquid makes the compound in waste gas become particulate solid, filter to be adsorbed onto to clamp in filtering core 4 equally, just as the dust in air inlet filter filtered air, exhaust is made to obtain purification on physical composition.
When described import is connected with the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe 23 of internal combustion engine 21, upon start up, waste gas is that being decreased in a part of waste gas by filter chamber main body 1 of dry type is contained by sulfur oxide when discharging, the PM2.5 fine particle of the composition such as phosphorous oxide, but can not be thoroughly clean, so just have some to pollute to air after discharging, when after internal combustion engine start stable car, when pressing startup and X button 10, due to the effect of cleanser liquid, exhaust is made to obtain further purification, make electric expansion bar 27 action simultaneously, handling exhaust commutation valve handlebar 29 makes exhaust commutation valve 28 close the outlet of the external combustion gas of internal-combustion engine vent-pipe 23, make the waste gas of these high purifications connect exhaust simultaneously and proceed to charge jet transition conduit 30, and the mode of communicating that waste gas proceeds to air inlet transition conduit 30 and intake lines of combustion engines 22 is fluidic communication method, so the waste gas purified just with Exhaust Pressure itself to plenum.
When described import is connected with the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe 23 of internal combustion engine 21, control cleanser liquid with half mechanical system or pure mechanical system enter and mix with pollution waste gas: after internal combustion engine start stable car, press startup and X button 10, first electric expansion bar 27 and the second electric expansion bar 37 stretch out simultaneously, first electric expansion bar 27 manipulation exhaust commutation valve handlebar 29 makes exhaust commutation valve 28 connect exhaust while the external exhaust pathway of closedown internal-combustion engine vent-pipe 23 and proceeds to charge jet transition conduit 30, to plenum, this is also a kind of heat energy recovery and a kind of emulsifying combustion simultaneously, because cleanser liquid on-off switch handle 38 handled by the second electric expansion bar 37, cleanser liquid on-off switch 39 is opened, make cleanser liquid jet suction line 41 by spraying cleanser liquid in cleanser liquid measure hole 40 internal combustion engine blast pipe 23, when rotating speed is low, capacity is little, jet power is low, the cleanser liquid sprayed into is just few, during rotating speed height, capacity is large, jet power is high, the cleanser liquid injected is just many, with the pore size in cleanser liquid measure hole 40 adjust cleanser liquid volume number.
When described import is connected with the purification waste water discharge opening 43 not up to standard of purification wastewater disposal basin 42 not up to standard, the contaminated-fluid that waste water not up to standard relies on potential energy to enter filter chamber main body 1 enters pipe 6, through filter chamber main body inner core 3 to useless water purification not up to standard, make it rise to criterion of acceptability, discharge from bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe 7.
Described waste water not up to standard with delivered to cleanser nozzle for liquid 12 by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump 11 sucking-off supercharging and then spray into the cleanser liquid that contaminated-fluid enters in pipe 6 and mix, be purified after the filtration, purification flow process of cavity main body inner core 3 after filtration.
When described import is connected with pollution oil storage tank 45, contaminated-fluid enters pipe 6 and stretches in pollution oil storage tank 45, with adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13, contaminated oil is sent in filter chamber main body 1, the filtration of cavity main body inner core 3 after filtration, then enters in purification oil storage tank 46 through bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe 7 and stores; Described purification oil storage tank 46 is made by transparent material, it is the sharp formula shape of inwardly protuberance at the bottom of case, be called that clean oil to be separated at the bottom of tip case 47 with precipitated impurities, the halfway impurity of purification filtering and moisture and clean oil layering, making impurity and moisture flow to precipitation accumulates in annular groove 48, then release from precipitated impurities fluid draw-off cock 49, pollution oil plant is purified more thoroughly.
Described import and sewage discharge sedimentation basin 44 when being connected, and contaminated-fluid enters pipe 6 and stretches into sewage and discharge in sedimentation basin 44, discharge after with adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13 sanitary sewage supercharging being sent into the filtration of cavity main body inner core 3 after filtration in filter chamber main body 1.
When described import is connected with contaminated river, filter cavity main body 1 is fixed on the bank in the direction in face of current, utilize the power of river flowing water, polluted river water 50 is made to enter in filter cavity main body 1 by polluted river water inlet port 51, through filtration and the absorption of filter chamber main body inner core 3, discharge from bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe 7 after being purified.
When described import is connected with the contaminated pool, lake sewage, filter cavity main body 1 concentrates the Hu Tang bank being fixed on contaminated, by adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump 13, contaminated lake water is sucked supercharging, send in filter cavity main body 1, enter again lake water from bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe 7 after carrying out filtration, purification by filter chamber main body inner core 3, the sewage pollution degree in lake water is desalinated.

Claims (14)

1., for an adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid, it is characterized in that it comprises import, filter chamber main body inner core and outlet; Contaminated-fluid has outlet to discharge after passing into filter chamber main body inner core by import;
Described filter chamber main body inner core forms by clamping filtering core and can clamp filtering core bracing frame, the described filtering core bracing frame that clamps is arranged at core inner in filter chamber main body, describedly clamps filtering core and can clamp filtering core bracing frame clamp-type and coordinate and install; The described filtering core that clamps is made up of the gasproof of active carbon, carbon fiber, porous magnetic or other hard solid state, filtering material that is water-fast, oil resistant.
2. a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid according to claim 1, is characterized in that the described filtering core inside that can clamp has been provided with dirty grain and retains network pipe.
3. a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid according to claim 1, is characterized in that described filter chamber main body inner core is installed in filter chamber main body cover and forms fluid purification chamber body; Described filter chamber main body cover is arranged contaminated-fluid enter pipe and bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe, respectively with import with export corresponding.
4. a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid according to claim 1, is characterized in that described import department arranges fluid and enters pressue device; It is with the adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump among the pressure of appropriateness injection filter cavity main body by contaminanted fluid that described fluid enters pressue device;
Or described import department arranges fluid net agent injection apparatus; Described fluid net agent injection apparatus adopts cleanser nozzle for liquid or electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid, and described cleanser nozzle for liquid or electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid are connected with cleanser liquid storage bin by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump; Or described fluid net agent injection apparatus adopts cleanser liquid jet suction line, and described cleanser liquid jet suction line is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin.
5. a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid according to claim 1, is characterized in that arranging cleanser liquid thermosistor in described cleanser liquid storage bin.
6. a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid according to claim 1, is characterized in that described import is connected with the external-combustion engine chimney of external-combustion engine, and outlet is connected with external-combustion engine air intake duct;
When described external-combustion engine chimney is power plant ultra-large type external-combustion engine chimney, power plant ultra-large type external-combustion engine chimney is connected with the import of some groups of filter chamber main body inner cores; When described external-combustion engine chimney is connected with the import of two groups of filter chamber main body inner cores, the junction of external-combustion engine chimney and two groups of imports arranges waste gas and commutates and keep off door, and waste gas commutation gear door enters with waste gas the handle that commutates and is connected; When described external-combustion engine chimney is connected with the import of two groups of filter chamber main body inner cores, the connection confluce of external-combustion engine chimney and two imports arranges waste gas and commutates and keep off door;
Described import department arranges adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump and cleanser nozzle for liquid, and described cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump, arranges cleanser liquid thermosistor in described cleanser liquid storage bin; Described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump is connected with civil power terminal plate with X button by starting with cleanser nozzle for liquid, and cleanser liquid thermosistor is connected with civil power terminal plate.
7. a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid according to claim 1, is characterized in that being connected by the filter chamber main body cover mediator that turns round between described filter chamber main body cover.
8. a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described import is connected with the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe of internal combustion engine, outlet is connected with internal-combustion engine vent-pipe, and internal-combustion engine vent-pipe can enter intake lines of combustion engines to plenum with mode of jet by exhaust commutation valve;
The described import department be connected with internal-combustion engine vent-pipe arranges electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid; Described electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with simple computer, and simple computer is connected with the Speed sensing device of internal combustion engine; Described electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump; In described cleanser liquid storage bin, cleanser liquid thermosistor is set;
Or, the described import department be connected with internal-combustion engine vent-pipe is connected with blast pipe with the liquid outlet jet suction-type rake angle form of cleanser liquid jet suction line, described cleanser liquid jet suction line arranges cleanser liquid on-off switch and cleanser liquid measure hole, and described cleanser liquid on-off switch is connected with the second electric expansion bar by cleanser liquid on-off switch handle;
Described internal-combustion engine vent-pipe outlet arranges with intake lines of combustion engines parallel join place and is vented the valve that commutates, and exhaust commutation valve is connected with the first electric expansion bar by exhaust commutation valve handlebar;
Described simple computer, cleanser liquid high-pressure pump, the first electric expansion bar, the second electric expansion bar are connected with battery with X button by starting, and cleanser liquid thermosistor is connected with battery.
9. a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid according to claim 8, it is characterized in that described internal combustion engine arranges lubricant sump cock of water drain, lubricant sump cock of water drain is connected with cock of water drain handle; The air inlet of internal combustion engine arranges air inlet adjustment valve, and air inlet adjustment valve is connected with pedal by air inlet adjustment bracing wire.
10. a kind of adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described import is connected with the purification waste water discharge opening not up to standard of purification wastewater disposal basin not up to standard, import department arranges cleanser nozzle for liquid, described cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump, arranges cleanser liquid thermosistor in described cleanser liquid storage bin; Described cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with civil power terminal plate with X button by starting, and cleanser liquid thermosistor is connected with civil power terminal plate;
Or, described import is connected with the outlet polluting oil storage tank, import department arranges adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump and cleanser nozzle for liquid, and described cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump, arranges cleanser liquid thermosistor in described cleanser liquid storage bin; Described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump is connected with civil power terminal plate with X button by starting with cleanser nozzle for liquid, and cleanser liquid thermosistor is connected with civil power terminal plate; Described outlet is connected with the inlet port of purification oil storage tank; For clean oil is separated at the bottom of tip case with precipitated impurities and contamination precipitation accumulates annular groove bottom described purification oil storage tank, contamination precipitation accumulates annular groove and arranges precipitated impurities fluid draw-off cock;
Or, the outlet that described import and villa or residential cell sewage discharge front sedimentation basin is connected, import department arranges adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump and cleanser nozzle for liquid, described cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with cleanser liquid storage bin by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump, arranges cleanser liquid thermosistor in described cleanser liquid storage bin; Described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump is connected with civil power terminal plate with X button by starting with cleanser nozzle for liquid, and cleanser liquid thermosistor is connected with civil power terminal plate;
Or described import is connected by polluted river water inlet port with polluted river water;
Or described import is connected with pollution Hu Tangshui, and import department arranges adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump, described adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump is connected with civil power terminal plate with X button by starting.
11. 1 kinds, for the method for work of the adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment of contaminated-fluid, is characterized in that it comprises the following steps:
(1) contaminated-fluid inputs in-core in filter chamber main body by import and carries out filtration, purification, and dirt is blocked and is adsorbed onto the dirty grain that can clamp in filtering core and retains network pipe and Kong Luzhong thereof;
(2) contaminated-fluid is discharged by outlet after filter chamber main body inner core filters.
12., according to a kind of described in claim 11 method of work of the adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid, is characterized in that described contaminated-fluid enters in-core in filter chamber main body after mixing with the fog sprayed by cleanser nozzle for liquid; Described cleanser nozzle for liquid is connected with the cleanser liquid storage bin filling it up with cleanser liquid, and the after-purification agent liquid that switches on power is transported to cleanser nozzle for liquid by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump and is sprayed.
13. according to a kind of described in claim 11 method of work of the adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid, when it is characterized in that described import is connected with the chimney of small-sized and medium-sized external-combustion engine, the exhaust chimney of a bifurcated is set from the outlet of external-combustion engine chimney, move commutation handle, the switch of the import of the waste gas commutation gear gate control two groups of filter chamber main body inner cores be attached thereto, start after this equipment carries out work, when pollution waste gas is inhaled into, fog through the ejection of cleanser nozzle for liquid mixes with it, particle in waste gas mixed with the moisture in cleanser increase weight, become large, easily chaining adhere to, make it when passing by filter chamber main body inner core, dirt is just blocked and is adsorbed onto the dirty grain that can clamp in filtering core and retains network pipe and Kong Luzhong thereof and retain, clean waste gas sends into external-combustion engine air intake duct by pipeline after being cleaned fluid discharge pipe discharge, forms the closed cycle that air participates in burning, and the carbon dioxide in synergistic purification waste gas participates in burning together again, when by the clamped filtering core that uses to stain thing retain saturated time, need to change, under the state that external-combustion engine works on, waste gas commutation gear door is entered commutation handle by handling waste gas, waste gas is turned to towards another cleaning equipment for subsequent use, while external-combustion engine is worked on, filter cavity main body saturated for pollutant is quit work, pull down filter chamber main body inner core, the clamped filtering core more renewed, wait for that clamped filtering core dirt absorption in previous equipment is saturated rear when needing the clamped filtering core more renewed, capable startup is taken over job again,
When described import is connected with the chimney of power plant ultra-large type external-combustion engine, when replacing can clamp filtering core, the switch valve-closing that can clamp filtering core equipment is changed by needing, this device powers down is quit work, carry out afterwards clamping more changing jobs of filtering core, the state of whole large-scale external combustion function maintenance work;
When described import is connected with the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe of internal combustion engine, first internal combustion engine start is got up, carry out hot range of driving sequence, then startup and X button is pressed, when now pollution waste gas enters pipe by the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe contaminated-fluid be discharged in filter chamber main body, owing to starting cleanser liquid high-pressure pump simultaneously, cleanser liquid high-pressure pump is just inhaled cleanser liquid and is pressurizeed and deliver to electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid and spray into contaminated-fluid and enter in pipe in cleanser liquid storage bin, by waste gas humidifying, the particle water suction in waste gas is made to become large, thus filter and be adsorbed in and can clamp in filtering core, be purified and make particle retain among filtering core, simultaneously, the signal that engine speed changes is passed to simple computer by the Speed sensing device be attached on IC engine airframe, simple computer passes to electric tune amount cleanser nozzle for liquid by being converted into the signal controlling spray liquid measure how many immediately, when rotating speed is low, capacity is just few, Speed sensing signal is just low, adjust the cleanser liquid of flow nozzle ejection just few so control electricity, during rotating speed height, capacity is just large, Speed sensing signal is just high, electricity adjusts the cleanser liquid of flow nozzle ejection just many, when using in such cases, moisture in cleanser liquid, by the particle humidifying in exhaust, thus become large, become toughness, thus filter and be adsorbed onto and can clamp in filtering core, waste gas is made to obtain the purification greatly reducing particle, just as the dust in air inlet filter filtered air, exhaust is made to obtain purification on physical composition,
When described import is connected with the purification waste water discharge opening not up to standard of purification wastewater disposal basin not up to standard, the contaminated-fluid that waste water not up to standard relies on potential energy to enter filter chamber main body enters pipe, through filter chamber main body inner core to useless water purification not up to standard, make it rise to criterion of acceptability, discharge from bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe;
Described waste water not up to standard with delivered to cleanser nozzle for liquid by cleanser liquid high-pressure pump sucking-off supercharging and then spray into the cleanser liquid that contaminated-fluid enters in pipe and mix, be purified;
When described import is connected with pollution oil storage tank, contaminated-fluid enters pipe and stretches in pollution oil storage tank, with adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump, contaminated oil is sent in filter chamber main body, after filtration the filtration of cavity main body inner core, then enter in purification oil storage tank through bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe and store; Described purification oil storage tank is made by transparent material, it is the sharp formula shape of inwardly protuberance at the bottom of case, be called that clean oil is separated with precipitated impurities at the bottom of tip case, the halfway impurity of purification filtering and moisture and clean oil layering, making impurity and moisture flow to precipitation accumulates in annular groove, then release from precipitated impurities fluid draw-off cock, pollution oil plant is purified thoroughly;
Described import and sewage discharge sedimentation basin when being connected, and contaminated-fluid enters pipe and stretches into sewage and discharge in sedimentation basin, discharge after with adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump sanitary sewage supercharging being sent into the filtration of cavity main body inner core after filtration in filter chamber main body;
When described import is connected with contaminated river, filter cavity main body is fixed on the bank in the direction in face of current, utilize the power of river flowing water, polluted river water is made to enter in filter cavity main body by polluted river water inlet port, through filtration and the absorption of filter chamber main body inner core, discharge from bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe 7 after being purified;
When described import is connected with the contaminated pool, lake sewage, filter cavity main body concentrates the Hu Tang bank being fixed on contaminated, by adjustable speed fluid pressurized pump, contaminated lake water is sucked supercharging, send in filter cavity main body, enter again lake water from bodies for purifying fluids discharge pipe after carrying out filtration, purification by filter chamber main body inner core, the sewage pollution degree in lake water is desalinated.
14. according to a kind of described in claim 13 method of work of the adjustable long flow process cleaning equipment for contaminated-fluid, when it is characterized in that described import is connected with the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe of internal combustion engine, upon start up, waste gas is that being decreased in a part of waste gas by filter chamber main body of dry type is contained by sulfur oxide when discharging, the PM2.5 fine particle of the composition such as phosphorous oxide, but can not be thoroughly clean, so just have some to pollute to air after discharging, when after internal combustion engine start stable car, when pressing startup and X button, due to the effect of cleanser liquid, exhaust is made to obtain purification, make the action of electric expansion bar simultaneously, handling exhaust commutation valve handlebar makes exhaust commutation valve close the outlet of the external combustion gas of internal-combustion engine vent-pipe, make the waste gas of these high purifications connect exhaust simultaneously and proceed to charge jet transition conduit, and the mode of communicating that waste gas proceeds to air inlet transition conduit and intake lines of combustion engines is fluidic communication method, so the waste gas purified just with Exhaust Pressure itself to plenum,
When described import is connected with the internal-combustion engine vent-pipe of internal combustion engine, control cleanser liquid with half mechanical system or pure mechanical system enter and mix with pollution waste gas: after internal combustion engine start stable car, press startup and X button, first electric expansion bar and the second electric expansion bar stretch out simultaneously, first electric expansion lever operation exhaust commutation valve handlebar makes exhaust commutation valve connect exhaust while the external exhaust pathway of closedown internal-combustion engine vent-pipe and proceeds to charge jet transition conduit, to plenum, this is also a kind of heat energy recovery and a kind of emulsifying combustion simultaneously, because the second electric expansion lever operation cleanser liquid on-off switch handle makes cleanser liquid on-off switch open, make cleanser liquid jet suction line by spraying cleanser liquid in the internal combustion engine blast pipe of cleanser liquid measure hole, when rotating speed is low, capacity is little, jet power is low, the cleanser liquid sprayed into is just few, during rotating speed height, capacity is large, jet power is high, the cleanser liquid injected is just many, with the pore size in cleanser liquid measure hole adjust cleanser liquid volume number.
CN201610063606.9A 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 A kind of adjustable long flow cleaning equipment and its method of work for contaminated-fluid Active CN105536413B (en)

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CN1623034A (en) * 2002-03-08 2005-06-01 赫鲁·普拉桑塔·维贾亚 Knocked-down air filter for internal combustion engine
CN2583084Y (en) * 2002-12-16 2003-10-29 宜兴鹏鹞阳光环保有限公司 Columnar hollow filtering material for water treatment
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN110892146A (en) * 2017-07-17 2020-03-17 德尔福知识产权有限公司 High-pressure fuel pump
CN110892146B (en) * 2017-07-17 2021-09-14 德尔福知识产权有限公司 High-pressure fuel pump

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