CN105501476B - A kind of stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine - Google Patents

A kind of stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105501476B
CN105501476B CN201510932884.9A CN201510932884A CN105501476B CN 105501476 B CN105501476 B CN 105501476B CN 201510932884 A CN201510932884 A CN 201510932884A CN 105501476 B CN105501476 B CN 105501476B
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China
Prior art keywords
pressure
vaccum
stiff aphid
roller
negative
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Active
Application number
CN201510932884.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105501476A (en
Inventor
计思贵
张立猛
谷星慧
任永明
任珂成
赵进龙
杨海林
杨硕媛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yuxi Qike Biological Prevention And Control Technology Development Co Ltd
YUNAN TOBACCO Co YUXI BRANCH
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Yuxi Qike Biological Prevention And Control Technology Development Co Ltd
YUNAN TOBACCO Co YUXI BRANCH
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Priority to CN201510932884.9A priority Critical patent/CN105501476B/en
Publication of CN105501476A publication Critical patent/CN105501476A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B1/00Packaging fluent solid material, e.g. powders, granular or loose fibrous material, loose masses of small articles, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, or jars
    • B65B1/04Methods of, or means for, filling the material into the containers or receptacles
    • B65B1/16Methods of, or means for, filling the material into the containers or receptacles by pneumatic means, e.g. by suction

Abstract

The present invention relates to Pest Management of Tobacco field, specifically a kind of stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine, described stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine is made up of frame, electric controller, air pump, negative-pressure air valve, malleation air valve, tracheae, bearing, bearing block, pressure-vaccum roller, blowpipe, micromachine, conserving case, blanking box, nc sliding table, stiff aphid bucket;The present invention can realize that the automatic ration before being delivered to stiff aphid seedling is dispensed automatically, improve production efficiency, simultaneously according to stiff aphid life it is tender and lovely small and weak the characteristics of, positive/negative-pressure gas is preserved to stiff aphid quantitative separating, it will not be preferably to utilize the anti-work service that eliminates aphis of stiff aphid seedling by mechanical wounding during packing is preserved to make stiff aphid.

Description

A kind of stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to Pest Management of Tobacco field, specifically a kind of stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine.
Background technology
To actively push forward cured tobacco production green bio countermeasure system construction, make great efforts to create " green, ecology, high-quality, safety, The Sustainable Development of Tobacco Leaf production environment of environmental protection ", aphidius gifuensis anti-eliminate aphis technology, promoter can be taken by preventing and treating fulminant cigarette aphid Work breeds release aphid parasite, carries out aphid parasite large-scaled propugation and stiff aphid seedling delivers the work of control in field aphid.Carrying out stiff aphid seedling When delivering anti-eliminate aphis, stiff aphid is the material base of aphidius gifuensis existence, and its quality and quantity largely determines cigarette The growth of aphid parasite population quantity.When discharging into honeybee method using receipts honeybee bag, quantitative separating need to be carried out to stiff aphid seedling into distribution after bag It is tender and lovely small and weak yet with stiff aphid life to being delivered, easily it is damaged when carrying out mechanization packing, so as to influence The quality of stiff aphid seedling, it is therefore, many in the prior art to be packaged using manual types, inefficiency and there is human error, wave Take substantial amounts of man power and material.
In view of the above-mentioned problems, being necessary to design a kind of stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine, it can automatically realize and stiff aphid seedling is carried out Automatic ration packing before dispensing, improves production efficiency, while the characteristics of stiff aphid life is tender and lovely small and weak is directed to, in packing process Middle carry out rational Design on Plane, is preferably to utilize the anti-work service that eliminates aphis of stiff aphid seedling.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention can realize that the automatic ration before being delivered to stiff aphid seedling is dispensed automatically, Improve production efficiency, while according to stiff aphid life it is tender and lovely small and weak the characteristics of, positive/negative-pressure gas is preserved to stiff aphid quantitative separating, makes deadlock Aphid will not be preferably to utilize the anti-work service that eliminates aphis of stiff aphid seedling by mechanical wounding during packing is preserved.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention proposes following technical scheme:
A kind of stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine, described stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine by by frame, electric controller, Air pump, negative-pressure air valve, malleation air valve, tracheae, bearing, bearing block, pressure-vaccum roller, blowpipe, micromachine, conserving case, blanking box, number Control slide unit, stiff aphid bucket composition;Wherein, electric controller, air pump, negative-pressure air valve, malleation air valve, gas are provided with the support body of frame Pipe;Rack table is provided with bearing, bearing block, pressure-vaccum roller, blowpipe, micromachine, conserving case, blanking box, nc sliding table, stiff aphid Bucket;Electric controller is used to control air pump, micromachine, nc sliding table logical action each other;Air pump is arranged on frame ground Portion is connected with negative-pressure air valve, malleation air valve, tracheae, is produced positive/negative-pressure gas and is sent to pressure-vaccum roller inner chamber;For opening, cutting off just The negative pressure valve and positive valve of negative pressure are connected on tracheae, and tracheae is connected to pressure-vaccum roller one end, and gas is inputted in pressure-vaccum roller;Branch Seat is arranged in frame, installed above to have bearing block, pressure-vaccum roller, micromachine, blowpipe, stiff aphid bucket, and bearing block two ends, which are installed, blows Suction roll, pressure-vaccum roller one end is connected with tracheae, and the other end is connected with micromachine;Blowpipe is arranged on below pressure-vaccum roller, stiff aphid bucket peace On bearing, blanking box is arranged in frame, and conserving case is placed in inside, and nc sliding table is arranged in frame, for that will preserve Box, which is pushed, to advance.
Preferably, be provided with described conserving case aperture be used for dispense preserve deadlock aphid.
Preferably, described blowpipe is arranged on below pressure-vaccum roller, just to the axle center hole on pressure-vaccum roller.
Preferably, the size diameter of described pressure-vaccum roller is 30-100mm.
Preferably, the described pressure-vaccum roll shaft heart is drilled with for being passed through positive/negative-pressure gas, pressure-vaccum is bored in the cylindrical circumferential direction of roller Aperture is simultaneously connected with axle center hole, and bottom is equipped with filter screen.
Preferably, the scope of described air pump positive/negative-pressure in the course of the work is set according to pressure-vaccum power size requirements
Preferably, being provided with stiff aphid bucket above pressure-vaccum roller.
Preferably, a diameter of 6-20mm of pressure-vaccum aperture, pressure-vaccum aperture pressure-vaccum roller is at axial arranged 2-10.
The invention has the characteristics that:
1st, the present invention carries out rational Design on Plane during packing, can realize automatically automatic before being delivered to stiff aphid seedling Quantitative separating is preserved, and is overcome the defect that traditional stiff aphid seedling manual type is quantitatively encapsulated, is improved production efficiency,
2nd, the present invention is dispensed to stiff aphid using positive/negative-pressure gas and preserved, and makes stiff aphid will not be by during packing is preserved Mechanical wounding, can effectively protect tender and lovely small and weak stiff aphid life, improve the stiff aphid quality delivered.
3rd, the present invention is beneficial to above the adjustment of packing production line, its pressure-vaccum roller the circumference being provided with stiff aphid bucket, pressure-vaccum roller Upper pressure-vaccum aperture is gone in stiff aphid bucket, and aperture negative pressure gas when swing aperture is just to lower section conserving case, is born in stiff aphid inlet hole Calm the anger shut-off, be blown into stiff aphid in conserving case by blowpipe while positive pressure gas is opened;The pressure-vaccum roll shaft heart is drilled with for being passed through positive/negative-pressure The axle center hole of gas, pressure-vaccum aperture is bored on roller excircle and is connected with axle center hole, bottom is equipped with filter screen;By on pressure-vaccum roller The arrangement number and pressure-vaccum orifice size of pressure-vaccum aperture are adjusted, to adapt to the demand of different production lines.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the pressure-vaccum roller of the present invention.
In figure:1- frames, 2- electric controllers, 3- air pumps, 4- negative-pressure air valves, 5- malleations air valve, 6- tracheaes, 7- bearings, 8- bearing blocks, 9- pressure-vaccums roller, 10- blowpipes, 11- micromachines, 12- conserving cases, 13- blanking boxes, 14- nc sliding tables, 15- deadlock aphids Bucket.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention and accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Ground is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on this Embodiment in invention, the every other reality that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Example is applied, the scope of protection of the invention is belonged to.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the machine by frame 1, electric controller 2, air pump 3, negative-pressure air valve 4, malleation air valve 5, tracheae 6, Bearing 7, bearing block 8, pressure-vaccum roller 9, blowpipe 10, micromachine 11, conserving case 12, blanking box 13, nc sliding table 14 and stiff aphid bucket 15 compositions;Electric controller 2, air pump 3, negative-pressure air valve 4, malleation air valve 5, tracheae 6, bearing 7, bearing are installed in frame 1 Seat 8, pressure-vaccum roller 9, blowpipe 10, micromachine 11, conserving case 12, blanking box 13, nc sliding table 14 and stiff aphid bucket 15.Electrical control Device 2 is used to control air pump 3, micromachine 11, nc sliding table 14 logical action each other.Air pump 3 be arranged on bottom of the frame with Negative-pressure air valve 4, malleation air valve 5, tracheae 6 are connected, and are produced positive/negative-pressure gas and are sent to pressure-vaccum roller inner chamber.Negative pressure valve 4 and positive valve 5 are connected on tracheae 6, for opening, cutting off positive and negative air-pressure.Tracheae 6 is connected to the one end of pressure-vaccum roller 9, and gas is inputted into pressure-vaccum roller In.Bearing 7 (left and right) is arranged in frame, installed above to have bearing block 8, pressure-vaccum roller 9, micromachine 11, blowpipe 10, stiff aphid bucket 15.The two ends of bearing block 8 are installed by pressure-vaccum roller 9.The one end of pressure-vaccum roller 9 is connected with tracheae 6, and the other end is connected with micromachine 11.Blowpipe 10 are arranged on below pressure-vaccum roller, just to the pressure-vaccum aperture on pressure-vaccum roller 9, and stiff aphid is dispensed using positive/negative-pressure gas and preserved, makes deadlock Aphid can will not effectively be protected tender and lovely small and weak stiff aphid life during packing is preserved by mechanical wounding.
Stiff aphid bucket 15 is arranged on bearing 7.Be provided with conserving case 12 aperture be used for dispense preserve deadlock aphid.Blanking box 13 is installed In frame 1, conserving case 12 is placed in inside.Nc sliding table 14 is arranged in frame 1, for conserving case 13 to be pushed into advance.
The axle center of pressure-vaccum roller 9 is drilled with the circular hole for being passed through positive/negative-pressure gas, and pressure-vaccum aperture and and axle center are bored on roller excircle Fig. 2 is shown in hole connection, and pressure-vaccum aperture sucks stiff aphid quantitative design aperture size as needed, and pressure-vaccum aperture size has quantified stiff aphid Quantity is dispensed, the small hole number of pressure-vaccum requires to design according to packing speed, and pressure-vaccum aperture is big-and-middle for two ends on the tube wall of pressure-vaccum roller Between small daraf(reciprocal of farad) your structure, can effectively prevent and treat blockings, protection deadlock aphid live body.
The circumference aperture that the top of pressure-vaccum roller 9 is provided with stiff aphid bucket 15, pressure-vaccum roller is gone in stiff aphid bucket 15, aperture negative pressure gas By in stiff aphid inlet hole, when rotation 180 degree aperture is just to lower section conserving case 12, negative pressure air to close breaks, while positive pressure gas is opened deadlock Aphid is blown into conserving case 10 by blowpipe.
The operation principle of the present invention:
Electric controller 2 is opened, air pump 3, micromachine 11, nc sliding table 14 are powered.Micromachine 11 drives pressure-vaccum roller 9 Rotation, opens negative pressure valve 4, transtracheal 6, air pump 3 are conveyed into the axle center hole of pressure-vaccum roller 9 to be provided with negative-pressure gas, the circumference of pressure-vaccum roller 9 Aperture is connected with cavity, and negative-pressure air-flow is formed in aperture, and when aperture is rotated in stiff aphid bucket 15, stiff aphid is sucked aperture by negative pressure gas In, aperture bottom prevents stiff aphid to be inhaled into axis hole equipped with nylon filter, and the stiff aphid quantitative design aperture of suction is big as needed Small, aperture size has quantified the stiff aphid quantity of dress.When pressure-vaccum roller rotates 180 degree, when aperture is just to lower section conserving case 12, negative pressure valve is certainly Dynamic to close, while positive valve is automatically opened up, pressure-vaccum roller 9 is passed through barotropic gas, and the stiff aphid in aperture is blown into by blowpipe 10 In the hole of conserving case 12, gone out while nc sliding table 14 will be equipped with the stiff automatic push of aphid conserving case 13, complete a quantitative separating and protect Cycle of deposit.
The present invention can realize that the automatic ration before being delivered to stiff aphid seedling is dispensed automatically, production efficiency be improved, while root According to stiff aphid life it is tender and lovely small and weak the characteristics of, positive/negative-pressure gas to stiff aphid dispense preserve, make stiff aphid packing preserve during will not It is preferably to utilize the anti-work service that eliminates aphis of stiff aphid seedling by mechanical wounding.
Finally, above example and accompanying drawing are merely illustrative of the technical solution of the present invention and unrestricted, although by above-mentioned The present invention is described in detail for embodiment, it is to be understood by those skilled in the art that can in form and carefully Various changes are made to it on section, without departing from claims of the present invention limited range.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine, it is characterised in that:Described stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine mainly include frame, Electric controller, air pump, negative-pressure air valve, malleation air valve, tracheae, bearing, bearing block, pressure-vaccum roller, blowpipe, micromachine, preservation Box, blanking box, nc sliding table, stiff aphid bucket;Wherein, provided with electric controller, air pump, negative-pressure air valve, just on the support body of frame Pressure valve, tracheae;Rack table is provided with bearing, bearing block, pressure-vaccum roller, blowpipe, micromachine, conserving case, blanking box, numerical control Slide unit, stiff aphid bucket;Electric controller is used to control air pump, micromachine, nc sliding table logical action each other;Air pump is installed It is connected in bottom of the frame with negative-pressure air valve, malleation air valve, tracheae, produces positive/negative-pressure gas and be sent to pressure-vaccum roller inner chamber;For beating The negative pressure valve and positive valve for opening, cutting off positive and negative air-pressure are connected on tracheae, and tracheae is connected to pressure-vaccum roller one end, and gas input is blown In suction roll;Bearing is arranged in frame, installed above to have bearing block, pressure-vaccum roller, micromachine, blowpipe, stiff aphid bucket, bearing block two Pressure-vaccum roller is installed at end, and pressure-vaccum roller one end is connected with tracheae, and the other end is connected with micromachine;Blowpipe is arranged on below pressure-vaccum roller, Stiff aphid bucket is arranged on bearing, and blanking box is arranged in frame, and conserving case is placed in inside, and nc sliding table is arranged in frame, is used Advance in conserving case is pushed, the pressure-vaccum roll shaft heart is drilled with the axle center hole for being passed through positive/negative-pressure gas, and pressure-vaccum is bored on roller excircle Aperture is simultaneously connected with axle center hole, and bottom is equipped with filter screen, and pressure-vaccum aperture is the daraf(reciprocal of farad) of big at both ends and small in middle on the tube wall of pressure-vaccum roller Be provided with your structure, conserving case hole be used for dispense preserve stiff aphid, described blowpipe is arranged on pressure-vaccum roller lower section, just to pressure-vaccum roller On pressure-vaccum aperture.
2. a kind of stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The size of described pressure-vaccum roller For diameter 30-100 mm.
3. a kind of stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Deadlock is installed above pressure-vaccum roller Aphid bucket.
4. a kind of stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:A diameter of 6- of pressure-vaccum aperture 20 mm, pressure-vaccum aperture pressure-vaccum roller is at axial arranged 2-10.
CN201510932884.9A 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 A kind of stiff aphid automatic quantitative packaging machine Active CN105501476B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109197782B (en) * 2018-08-08 2021-03-02 云南省烟草公司玉溪市公司 Method for collecting, selecting, quantitatively subpackaging, storing and releasing stiff aphids
CN110963099A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-07 广州市鹰图智能科技有限公司 Gallnut aphid quantitative racking machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101947867A (en) * 2010-08-27 2011-01-19 常德金鹏印务有限公司 Device for automatically eliminating unqualified products produced by web-fed rotary die-cutting machine
CN102090183A (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-06-15 云南省烟草公司曲靖市公司 Multifunctional automatic integrated seed tray-loading seeder
CN203261689U (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-11-06 湖南农业大学 Air-suction rotary drum type small-size-seed sowing device
CN104843462A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-08-19 中国农业大学 Automatic feeding device for nondestructive testing of leafy vegetables

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6681550B1 (en) * 2002-08-13 2004-01-27 Aylward Enterprises, Inc. Apparatus and methods for filling containers with pills
WO2009021171A1 (en) * 2007-08-09 2009-02-12 Aylward Enterprises, Llc Packaging apparatus for handling pills and associated method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101947867A (en) * 2010-08-27 2011-01-19 常德金鹏印务有限公司 Device for automatically eliminating unqualified products produced by web-fed rotary die-cutting machine
CN102090183A (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-06-15 云南省烟草公司曲靖市公司 Multifunctional automatic integrated seed tray-loading seeder
CN203261689U (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-11-06 湖南农业大学 Air-suction rotary drum type small-size-seed sowing device
CN104843462A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-08-19 中国农业大学 Automatic feeding device for nondestructive testing of leafy vegetables

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