CN105484316A - Movable efficient rainwater collecting and cleaning device - Google Patents

Movable efficient rainwater collecting and cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105484316A
CN105484316A CN201610028870.9A CN201610028870A CN105484316A CN 105484316 A CN105484316 A CN 105484316A CN 201610028870 A CN201610028870 A CN 201610028870A CN 105484316 A CN105484316 A CN 105484316A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
staving
rainwater
fan
collection
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610028870.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王恒松
高香琴
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guizhou Education University
Original Assignee
Guizhou Education University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guizhou Education University filed Critical Guizhou Education University
Priority to CN201610028870.9A priority Critical patent/CN105484316A/en
Publication of CN105484316A publication Critical patent/CN105484316A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • E03B3/03Special vessels for collecting or storing rain-water for use in the household, e.g. water-butts
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/281Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using inorganic sorbents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/001Runoff or storm water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The invention discloses a movable efficient rainwater collecting and cleaning device. The device is composed of a cylinder body (1), a rainwater collection fan (2) and a cylinder lid (3), wherein the rainwater collection fan (2) is in the shape of funnel, the cylinder lid (3) is of a window blind type and is concave downwards, and the rainwater collection fan (2) is connected to the top end of the cylinder body (1) which is covered with the cylinder lid (3); a water outlet pipe connector (4) is installed on the bottom of the cylinder body (1). The device has the advantages of being simple in structure, convenient to use, durable, low in cost, capable of storing water efficiently, low in rainwater evaporation rate, good in rainwater collection effect, capable of purifying rainwater and the like. The device can effectively collect and purify natural rainwater, and has important practical significance in solving the problem of water deficiency in the karst region, providing domestic water which can be used directly and improving the livelihood of people.

Description

A kind of movable high-efficiency collection rainwater and cleaning apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rain collector, particularly a kind of movable high-efficiency collection rainwater and cleaning apparatus.
Background technology
Water is a kind of resource of preciousness, because the deterioration of environment and the mankind are to natural pollution, clean water source is fewer and feweri, the phenomenon of global ubiquity lack of water, the country of China's water resource critical shortage especially, water resource of per capita is only world occupancy volume per person's 1/4.And rainwater is as a kind of clean energy, always by people are ignored, especially in karst, because carbonate rock joint fissure enriches, Karst Filter Zone makes earth's surface moisture holding capacity low, engineering water shortage is serious, how scientificlly and effectively collects it and be used just to seem especially meaningful.At present, in rainwater season, people adopt reinforced concrete earth-dammed reservoir by rainwater storage usually, but its complicated construction technique, operation many (formwork, tie up reinforcing bar, build, maintenance etc.), construction period is long, construction is comparatively large by the impact of season, weather, and cost is high, and due to rainwater evaporation fast, the rainwater accumulated is reduced, fails effectively to reach the object collecting rain.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide the movable high-efficiency collection rainwater and cleaning apparatus that a kind of cost is lower, rainwater evaporation rate is low, collection rain is effective, easy to use, thus overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, form the another kind of high-efficiency water-saving approach in karst.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of movable high-efficiency collection rainwater and cleaning apparatus, this device by staving, collection rain fans and bung is formed, and integrate rain and fan as infundibulate, bung is shutter form and recessed down; Collection rain fan is connected to the top of staving, and bung covers on staving; In the bottom of staving, outlet pipe interface is installed.
In above-mentioned movable high-efficiency collection rainwater and cleaning apparatus, preferably, filtration sterilizing layer is installed in described staving, is provided with the fixing card of filtration sterilizing layer for fixing filtration sterilizing layer at the inwall of staving.
In aforesaid movable high-efficiency collection rainwater and cleaning apparatus, described filtration sterilizing layer is preferably designed as 7 layers, and first floor is liver moss layer, and the second layer is pine needle layer, and third layer to layer 5 is quartz sand layer, and layer 6 is active carbon layer, and layer 7 is spongy layer.
In aforesaid movable high-efficiency collection rainwater and cleaning apparatus, described collection rain fan is made up of in funnel shaped collection rain fan body a slice entirety, the centroclinal angle of surrounding of collection rain fan is preferably 15 ~ 30 degree, and the angle that the circumferential middle concave in edge four of bung enters is preferably 10 ~ 30 degree.
In aforesaid movable high-efficiency collection rainwater and cleaning apparatus, described collection rain fan can also be to be enclosed along staving surrounding by the fan-shaped collection rain fan body of multi-disc to form, the centroclinal angle of collection rain fan surrounding is 15 ~ 30 degree, and the angle that the circumferential middle concave in edge four of bung enters is 10 ~ 30 degree.
In aforesaid movable high-efficiency collection rainwater and cleaning apparatus, described staving can be cuboid, square, the various shape such as cylinder or gengon of hollow.
Beneficial effect: compared with prior art, the present invention has following characteristics:
1, slow, the efficient retaining of lower, the rainwater evaporation rate of cost, collection rain are effective.Compared with traditional reinforced concrete earth-dammed reservoir, investment cost required for the present invention is less and water storage effect good, rainwater along have inclination angle collection rain fan and bung shutter expeditiously by rainwater-collecting in staving, and utilize the bung covered on staving, can suppress the evaporation rate of rainwater, what extend rainwater harvests the time, reduces the evaporation rate of rainwater, improve rainwater resources utilization rate, thus reach efficient water storage function.The Karst Mountain Areas that the present invention is being leaked as sieve, rain can be met and collect retaining, " release " utilization when needing, to necessarily be improved with aqueous condition of rural area, for alleviate karst lack water problem and directly available living water use is provided, improving People's livelihood has important practical significance.
2, structure is simple, light, easy to use, durable in use.Structure of the present invention is simple, does not have complicated processing step, easily makes, and staving of the present invention, collection rain fan and bung adopt the polypropylene of regeneration to make, cost of manufacture is low, light, has the active set hydrospace of 98%, and there is very high supporting capacity, durable in use, be not easy to damage.The present invention can move use out of doors, can at will place as required, flexible and convenient to use.
3, accumulation water quality is good, clean, and the rainwater after purification can be done manual labour drinking water.Test display, rainwater pH value lower (being about 5.6), is placed on roof by the present invention, and collected rainwater filters multiple filtration and the sterilization of sterilizing layer in staving, and water cleanliness factor is out good, can use as Drinking Water; The present invention be placed in arable land, collected rainwater, as irrigation water, can not be used in staving and arrange filtration sterilizing layer, and such cost can be lower.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is bucket body structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is bung top view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is bung lateral view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is another kind of structural representation of the present invention.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further illustrated.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1: as shown in Figure 1, be made up of staving 1, collection rain fan 2 and bung 3, staving 1 is the cylinder of hollow, and staving 1, collection rain fan 2 and bung 3 all adopt the polypropylene of regeneration to make.Integrate rain fan 2 as infundibulate, be connected to the top of staving 1, connect rainwater for collection; Collection rain fan 2 to be enclosed along staving 1 surrounding by four fan-shaped collection rain fan bodies to form, and the centroclinal angle of surrounding of collection rain fan 2 is 15 ~ 30 degree; Bung 3 covers on staving 1, and bung 3 adopts shutter form and (as shown in Figure 3,4) recessed down, is convenient to spilling water in staving 1, and the angle that the circumferential middle concave in edge four of bung 3 enters is 10 ~ 30 degree.In the bottom of staving 1, outlet pipe interface 4 is installed, is convenient to external water pipe.For purifying water, being provided with at staving 1 internal upper part 1/4th place and filtering sterilizing layer 3, fixing card 5(as shown in Figure 2 at the inwall of the staving 1 filtration sterilizing layer be provided with for fixing this filtration sterilizing layer 3).Filter that sterilizing layer 3 arranges 7 layers altogether, thickness is 20cm, first floor is liver moss layer, and thickness is 2cm, and the second layer is pine needle layer, thickness is 2cm, and third layer to layer 5 is quartz sand layer, and every layer thickness is 4cm, and layer 6 is active carbon layer, thickness is 2cm, and layer 7 is spongy layer, and thickness is 2cm.
Embodiment 2: be made up of staving 1, collection rain fan 2 and bung 3, staving 1 is the cylinder of hollow, staving 1, collection rain fan 2 and bung 3 all adopt the polypropylene of regeneration to make.Integrate rain fan 2 as infundibulate, be connected to the top of staving 1, connect rainwater for collection; Collection rain fan 2 to be enclosed along staving 1 surrounding by four fan-shaped collection rain fan bodies to form, and the centroclinal angle of surrounding of collection rain fan 2 is 15 ~ 30 degree; Bung 3 covers on staving 1, and bung 3 adopts shutter form and recessed down, is convenient to spilling water in staving 1, and the angle that the circumferential middle concave in edge four of bung 3 enters is 10 ~ 30 degree.In the bottom of staving 1, outlet pipe interface 4 is installed, is convenient to external water pipe.Do not arrange in staving 1 as different from Example 1 and filter sterilizing layer 3.
Embodiment 3: as shown in Figure 5, be made up of staving 1, collection rain fan 2 and bung 3, staving 1 is the cylinder of hollow, and staving 1, collection rain fan 2 and bung 3 all adopt the polypropylene of regeneration to make.Integrate rain fan 2 as infundibulate, be connected to the top of staving 1, connect rainwater for collection; Collection rain fan 2 is made up of in funnel shaped collection rain fan body a slice entirety, and the centroclinal angle of surrounding of collection rain fan 2 is 15 ~ 30 degree; Bung 3 covers on staving 1, and bung 3 adopts shutter form and recessed down, is convenient to spilling water in staving 1, and the angle that the circumferential middle concave in edge four of bung 3 enters is 10 ~ 30 degree.In the bottom of staving 1, outlet pipe interface 4 is installed, is convenient to external water pipe.For purifying water, be provided with at staving 1 internal upper part 1/4th place and filter sterilizing layer 3, the filtration sterilizing layer be provided with for fixing this filtration sterilizing layer 3 at the inwall of staving 1 fixes card 5.Filter that sterilizing layer 3 arranges 7 layers altogether, thickness is 20cm, first floor is liver moss layer, and thickness is 2cm, and the second layer is pine needle layer, thickness is 2cm, and third layer to layer 5 is quartz sand layer, and every layer thickness is 4cm, and layer 6 is active carbon layer, thickness is 2cm, and layer 7 is spongy layer, and thickness is 2cm.
Embodiment 4: be made up of staving 1, collection rain fan 2 and bung 3, staving 1 is the cylinder of hollow, staving 1, collection rain fan 2 and bung 3 all adopt the polypropylene of regeneration to make.Integrate rain fan 2 as infundibulate, be connected to the top of staving 1, connect rainwater for collection; Collection rain fan 2 is made up of in funnel shaped collection rain fan body a slice entirety, and the centroclinal angle of surrounding of collection rain fan 2 is 15 ~ 30 degree; Bung 3 covers on staving 1, and bung 3 adopts shutter form and recessed down, is convenient to spilling water in staving 1, and the angle that the circumferential middle concave in edge four of bung 3 enters is 10 ~ 30 degree.In the bottom of staving 1, outlet pipe interface 4 is installed, is convenient to external water pipe.Do not arrange in staving 1 as different from Example 3 and filter sterilizing layer 3.
Embodiments of the present invention are not limited to above-described embodiment, and the various changes made under the prerequisite not departing from present inventive concept all belong within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. packaged type efficiently collects rainwater and a cleaning apparatus, it is characterized in that: this device is fanned (2) and bung (3) by staving (1), collection rain and formed, and integrates rain and fans (2) as infundibulate, and bung (3) is recessed down for shutter form; Collection rain fan (2) is connected to the top of staving (1), and bung (3) covers on staving (1); In the bottom of staving (1), outlet pipe interface (4) is installed.
2. movable high-efficiency collection rainwater according to claim 1 and cleaning apparatus, is characterized in that: be provided with in described staving (1) and filter sterilizing layer (3), is provided with filters the fixing card (5) of sterilizing layer at the inwall of staving (1).
3. movable high-efficiency collection rainwater according to claim 2 and cleaning apparatus, is characterized in that: described filtration sterilizing layer (3) totally 7 layers, and first floor is liver moss layer, the second layer is pine needle layer, third layer to layer 5 is quartz sand layer, and layer 6 is active carbon layer, and layer 7 is spongy layer.
4. movable high-efficiency collection rainwater according to claim 1 and cleaning apparatus, it is characterized in that: described collection rain fan (2) is made up of in funnel shaped collection rain fan body a slice entirety, the centroclinal angle of surrounding of collection rain fan (2) is 15 ~ 30 degree, and the angle that the circumferential middle concave in edge four of bung (3) enters is 10 ~ 30 degree.
5. movable high-efficiency collection rainwater according to claim 1 and cleaning apparatus, it is characterized in that: described collection rain fan (2) to be enclosed along staving (1) surrounding by the fan-shaped collection rain fan body of multi-disc to form, the centroclinal angle of surrounding of collection rain fan (2) is 15 ~ 30 degree, and the angle that the circumferential middle concave in edge four of bung (3) enters is 10 ~ 30 degree.
6. movable high-efficiency collection rainwater according to claim 1 and cleaning apparatus, is characterized in that: cuboid, square, cylinder or gengon that described staving (1) is hollow.
CN201610028870.9A 2016-01-18 2016-01-18 Movable efficient rainwater collecting and cleaning device Pending CN105484316A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610028870.9A CN105484316A (en) 2016-01-18 2016-01-18 Movable efficient rainwater collecting and cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610028870.9A CN105484316A (en) 2016-01-18 2016-01-18 Movable efficient rainwater collecting and cleaning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105484316A true CN105484316A (en) 2016-04-13

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105951976A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-09-21 陶栋梁 Micro-power shower backwash closestool system
CN109121829A (en) * 2018-08-03 2019-01-04 深圳市诚朗科技有限公司 It is a kind of to have both the ornamental sponge Urban Ecology Landscape wall with environmental greening

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CN201962724U (en) * 2011-03-07 2011-09-07 丁亚欣 Convenient type rainwater collector
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RU131366U1 (en) * 2012-08-02 2013-08-20 Частное предприятие "Интекст" Litter bin
CN204482733U (en) * 2014-12-27 2015-07-22 舒城县永林养殖专业合作社 A kind of cultivating water box cover plate
CN105239630A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-13 中国矿业大学 System and method for returning rainwater to earth
CN205329766U (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-06-22 贵州师范大学 High -efficient collection rainwater device of movable

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU2006203090A1 (en) * 2005-07-19 2007-02-08 Connovation Limited A filtration device
WO2009030963A1 (en) * 2007-09-06 2009-03-12 Ivan Simic Animal accumulation watering place
CN101555065A (en) * 2008-04-10 2009-10-14 天津瑞海达环保科技有限公司 Method by utilizing Chinese pine needles as biological filling for biological deodorization in sewage disposal
CN201479695U (en) * 2009-09-16 2010-05-26 杜光浒 Automatic water storage drip irrigation emitter
CN201558584U (en) * 2009-11-16 2010-08-25 柳晓涓 Rainwater collection and filtration box
JP2012057319A (en) * 2010-09-07 2012-03-22 Moki Seisakusho:Kk Rainwater collecting device
CN201962724U (en) * 2011-03-07 2011-09-07 丁亚欣 Convenient type rainwater collector
CN102515363A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-06-27 李学麒 Aquatic artificial wetland capable of purifying water, and manufacturing method thereof
RU131366U1 (en) * 2012-08-02 2013-08-20 Частное предприятие "Интекст" Litter bin
CN202936843U (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-05-15 余姚市人民政府阳明街道办事处 Fire protection water storage tank
CN204482733U (en) * 2014-12-27 2015-07-22 舒城县永林养殖专业合作社 A kind of cultivating water box cover plate
CN105239630A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-13 中国矿业大学 System and method for returning rainwater to earth
CN205329766U (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-06-22 贵州师范大学 High -efficient collection rainwater device of movable

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105951976A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-09-21 陶栋梁 Micro-power shower backwash closestool system
CN105951976B (en) * 2016-06-08 2018-05-08 陶栋梁 Microkinetic shower is backwashed toilet system
CN109121829A (en) * 2018-08-03 2019-01-04 深圳市诚朗科技有限公司 It is a kind of to have both the ornamental sponge Urban Ecology Landscape wall with environmental greening

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Application publication date: 20160413