CN105457431A - Deep dehumidification, dust-removing and purification device - Google Patents

Deep dehumidification, dust-removing and purification device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105457431A
CN105457431A CN201510998220.2A CN201510998220A CN105457431A CN 105457431 A CN105457431 A CN 105457431A CN 201510998220 A CN201510998220 A CN 201510998220A CN 105457431 A CN105457431 A CN 105457431A
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China
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gas
vessel
purifying
liquid
dust
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CN201510998220.2A
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CN105457431B (en
Inventor
杨家华
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Jiangsu Hehai New Energy Technology Development Co ltd
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Jiangsu He Hai New Forms Of Energy Ltd Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/60Combinations of devices covered by groups B01D46/00 and B01D47/00

Abstract

The invention relates to a deep dehumidification, dust-removing and purification device. The deep dehumidification, dust-removing and purification device comprises a sound blasting device and a purification container, wherein the purification container is provided with a gas inlet and a gas outlet; gas passing through the gas inlet is mixed with a liquid medium which is blast into mist by the sound blasting device, and then the mixture enters the purification container; the purification container is internally provided with a filtering device which is available for the gas in the purification container to pass and capable of carrying out dust removal and filtering on the passing gas and a liquid distribution device which is used for distributing a treating solution on the filtering device; the treating solution is distributed on the filtering device in a liquid film form through the liquid distribution device, so that the gas can penetrate through; and the purification container is internally provided with a capturing device for capturing aerosol of the gas passing through the filtering device. With the adoption of the deep dehumidification, dust-removing and purification device, flue gas and water are sufficiently mixed through the sound blasting device and dust particles in the flue gas are removed, so that the dust content in the exhausted gas is less than or equal to 5mg/m<3>; and by matching the filtering device with the capturing device, the aerosol in the flue gas is completely captured, and harms to atmosphere and human health, caused by the fact that the exhausted gas contains the aerosol, are avoided.

Description

Degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device
Technical field
The present invention relates to gas processing device technical field, be specifically related to a kind of degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device.
Background technology
Existing is all generally adopt simple filter type to the fume treatment containing dust granules, just slightly filter down by dust granules in flue gas and be just directly discharged in air, some flue gas does not do filtration treatment and is just directly discharged to steathily in air yet, the former, although process dust granules, but still can contain a large amount of dust granules in flue gas, still can pollute, and the direct discharge of the latter can cause very large pollution to air and threaten health.Total and, the processing mode of existing flue gas has following defect:
1, the simple filter type of existing employing processes the flue gas containing dust granules, poor processing effect, in the flue gas of discharging or containing more dust granules, be discharged in air and still can produce larger pollution to air, do not meet the discharge ring guaranteed request of flue gas.
2, current fume treatment mode generally just filters the dust granules in flue gas, and do not do other and process further, the flue gas of discharge has certain temperature and humidity, is directly discharged into after in air and can produces " white mist " phenomenon, pollute.
3, the aerosol in flue gas is not processed in fume treatment, aerosol role in Atmospheric processes shows that aerosol not only has more impact to atmospheric visibility, sun scattering and radiation, atmospheric temperature etc., and because its particle diameter is little, surface area is large, for atmosphere environmental chemistry provides reaction bed, thus affect the various chemical actions of air, affect human health simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of reasonable in design, effectively can process dust granules in flue gas, and the degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device that can process aerosol in flue gas, avoid flue gas to discharge the pollution caused air.
The technical scheme realizing the object of the invention is as follows:
Degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device, comprise sonic boom device, there is the purifying vessel of confined space, purifying vessel is provided with and enters gas feed in container for extraneous gas, for the gas discharge outlet that gas in purifying vessel is discharged, the gas passed through from gas feed be enter in purifying vessel after vaporific liquid medium mixes by the explosion of sonic boom device, be provided with in purifying vessel and supply gas in purifying vessel pass through and the gas passed through carried out to the filter of dust removal and filtration, and Treatment Solution is arranged in the liquid distributor of filter, by liquid distributor, Treatment Solution is distributed in supplied gas on filter with form of liquid film to pass, the trap setting gas after filter being carried out to aerosol seizure is provided with in described purifying vessel.
Have employed technique scheme, pending saturated flue gas enters in purifying vessel from gas feed, before flue gas enters purifying vessel, pressure-air is utilized to be sucked by liquid medium (water) by sonic boom device, because supersonic speed produces sonic boom, liquid medium is broken and spray dry fog and form dense mist wall, and the dust in flue gas and water smoke collide, bond to assemble and form dust group, and dust group drops to bottom purifying vessel under gravity, reach the effect of dedusting, dust suppression; The flue gas entered in purifying vessel rises through filter, and by liquid distributor, Treatment Solution (LiBr concentrated solution) is carried out cloth liquid, filter forms liquid film, flue gas punctures receives liquid film, thus Treatment Solution and flue gas carry out sufficient caloic exchange, not only reduce the temperature of flue gas, and strong dehumidification process is effectively carried out to flue gas itself, also containing a large amount of aerosols in flue gas after dehumidifying, when flue gas is through trap setting, aerosol is caught by trap setting.Flue gas is fully mixed with water by sonic boom device by the present invention, is removed by the dust granules in flue gas, the dust content≤5mg/m in Exhaust Gas 3; And coordinating by filter and trap setting, thoroughly catch the aerosol in flue gas, avoid in Exhaust Gas containing the harm of aerosol to air and health.
Further, in order to catch the aerosol in flue gas to greatest extent and thoroughly, described trap setting comprises the deflection plate of several multiple spots bending, forms baffling passage, deflection plate is provided with curved rebate between adjacent baffle.When flue gas is between deflection plate, the setting due to rebate can form the speed stagnation district of flue gas, and is caught to greatest extent by the aerosol in flue gas under the influence of centrifugal force.Because aerosol has the kinetic characteristic of a very rule very easily to bond with impact surfaces when it collides exactly, utilize this characteristic, the effect of centrifugal inertia just can be utilized to be got rid of.
Further, described filter is at least one nanometer Air-oil mixing film dust removal and filtration plate.
Further, to be better combined with water to form dust group to make to send out in flue gas dust granules, described sonic boom device becomes diameter less than 10 μm by with the liquid medium explosion entering gas and vapor permeation in purifying vessel from gas feed.
Further, this purifier also comprises the circulation vessel for collecting liquid in above-mentioned purifying vessel, is provided with the enrichment facility concentrated the liquid entered in circulation vessel.
Further, described enrichment facility is the coil pipe be arranged in circulation vessel.
Further, the spray equipment for being carried out spraying on enrichment facility by the liquid collected from purifying vessel is provided with in described circulation vessel.
Further, the heat exchanger liquid entered from purifying vessel in circulation vessel and the liquid be back to purifying vessel from circulation vessel being carried out to exchange heat is provided with between described purifying vessel and circulation vessel.The function of heat exchanger is that LiBr weak solution and LiBr concentrated solution are carried out exchange heat, that part preheating is carried out to LiBr weak solution on the one hand, reduce the input quantity of auxiliary thermal source, two is the temperature reducing LiBr concentrated solution, thus reduce the exhaust temperature of flue gas, make the flue gas of discharge can not produce " white mist " phenomenon.
Further, in order to carry out filtration treatment to the liquid medium of discharging from purifying vessel, the liquid of discharging from purifying vessel enters circulation vessel after a dust collection purification.Dust in such liquid medium just can be collected in dust collection.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of trap setting in the present invention;
In accompanying drawing, 1 is sonic boom device, and 2 is purifying vessel, and 3 is gas feed, 4 is gas discharge outlet, and 5 is water circuit system, and 6 is filter, and 7 is liquid distributor, 8 is liquid distributor, and 9 is cloth liquid shower nozzle, and 10 is trap setting, and 11 is deflection plate, 12 is rebate, and 13 is circulation vessel, and 14 is enrichment facility, and 15 is spray equipment, 16 is return duct, and 17 is spray thrower, and 18 is heat exchanger, and 19 is dust collection, 20 is solution transfer pump, and 21 is delivery pump, and 22 is waste heat recovery chamber, and 23 for reclaiming coil pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the object of the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing of the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.Obviously, described embodiment is a part of embodiment of the present invention, instead of whole embodiments.Based on described embodiments of the invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art obtain under without the need to the prerequisite of creative work, all belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
As Fig. 1, 2, degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device, comprise sonic boom device 1, there is the purifying vessel 2 of confined space, purifying vessel is provided with and enters gas feed 3 in container for extraneous gas, for the gas discharge outlet 4 that gas in purifying vessel is discharged, wherein, sonic boom device can adopt ultrasonic atomization technique in prior art to realize being atomized the water in water circuit system 5, make the water after atomization and enter dust in the flue gas in purifying vessel from gas feed and be combined, sonic boom device becomes diameter less than 10 μm by with the liquid medium explosion entering gas and vapor permeation in purifying vessel from gas feed, the gas passed through from gas feed be enter in purifying vessel after vaporific liquid medium mixes by the explosion of sonic boom device, be provided with in purifying vessel and supply gas in purifying vessel pass through and the gas passed through carried out to the filter 6 of dust removal and filtration, filter is at least one nanometer Air-oil mixing film dust removal and filtration plate, or the filter be set together by multiple interlaced superposition is formed, nanometer Air-oil mixing film dust removal and filtration plate is application hydrophilic material on filter, increase filter to the absorption affinity of water, after making that filter adheres to current, reduce filter gap, produce nanochannel, thus reach smart deimpurity effect, can react in flue gas, dissolve, the impurity infiltrated all can be transferred in liquid efficiently and goes.Be provided with the liquid distributor 7 Treatment Solution being arranged in filter 6 in container handling, by liquid distributor, Treatment Solution be distributed in supplied gas on filter with form of liquid film and pass.Liquid distributor comprises liquid distributor 8, is communicated with the cloth liquid shower nozzle 9 of liquid distributor, and Treatment Solution to be entered in liquid distributor and is sprayed onto on filter by the effect of cloth liquid shower nozzle, thus forms liquid film in the filter bores of filter.
The trap setting 10 gas after filter being carried out to aerosol seizure is provided with in purifying vessel, trap setting comprises the deflection plate 11 of several multiple spots bending, form baffling passage between adjacent baffle, deflection plate is provided with curved rebate 12.In order to strengthen aerocolloidal capturing ability, a rebate is set in each bending place of deflection plate.
This purifier also comprises the circulation vessel 13 for collecting liquid in above-mentioned purifying vessel, is provided with the enrichment facility 14 concentrated the liquid entered in circulation vessel, and in enforcement, enrichment facility is the coil pipe be arranged in circulation vessel.The spray equipment 15 for being carried out spraying on enrichment facility by the liquid collected from purifying vessel is provided with in circulation vessel, spray equipment is made up of the spray thrower 17 be arranged on return duct 16 and return duct, is provided with the heat exchanger 18 liquid entered from purifying vessel in circulation vessel and the liquid be back to purifying vessel from circulation vessel being carried out to exchange heat between purifying vessel and circulation vessel.The liquid of discharging from purifying vessel enters circulation vessel after a dust collection 19 purifies.
Operation principle of the present invention is as follows: pending saturated flue gas is before being delivered to purifying vessel 2, sonic boom device 1 utilizes pressure-air the hydrone in water circuit system 5 to be broken into the small water smoke of diameter less than 10 μm, dust in flue gas and water smoke collide, bond and be gathered into dust group, and dust group drop to purifying vessel inner bottom part under gravity; LiBr concentrated solution sprays on the surface of filter 5 by liquid distributor 7 equably, forms Nanoscale channels.When flue gas is by filter 5, flue gas punctures Nanoscale channels, break through the liquid film that LiBr concentrated solution is formed, thus flue gas and LiBr concentrated solution carries out sufficient caloic exchange, the temperature of flue gas can not only be reduced, and strong dehumidification process is effectively carried out to flue gas itself.Also containing a large amount of aerosols in flue gas after cooling and dehumidifying, when flue gas is through trap setting 10, speed stagnation district can be formed, under the influence of centrifugal force the aerosol in flue gas is caught to greatest extent, discharging without the gas discharge outlet of aerocolloidal flue gas from purifying vessel without dust after purified treatment; LiBr weak solution containing dust granules bottom purifying vessel flows out from the bottom of clarifier, via dust-filtering collector 19, is filtered by the dust granules in solution and eliminates.Then LiBr weak solution to be delivered in circulation vessel by solution transfer pump 20 and spray on coil pipe.Pass into thermal source in coil pipe, like this under the effect of extraneous auxiliary thermal source, make LiBr weak solution evaporation and concentration, the LiBr concentrated solution of output has delivery pump 21 to send back in purifying vessel to carry out cloth liquid by liquid distributor, realize recycling again.Steam after evaporation rises to the waste heat recovery chamber 22 in circulation vessel, when there being other low-temperature receiver media to access in the recovery coil pipe 23 in waste heat recovery chamber, the condensation heat of steam fully can be recycled, and improves the utilization ratio of the energy.The function of the heat exchanger 18 in the present invention is that LiBr weak solution and LiBr concentrated solution are carried out exchange heat, that part preheating is carried out to LiBr weak solution on the one hand, reduce the input quantity of auxiliary thermal source, two is the temperature reducing LiBr concentrated solution, thus reduce the exhaust temperature of flue gas, make the flue gas of discharge can not produce " white mist " phenomenon.Following effect can be reached by the present invention:
1, the dust granules in flue gas can be removed by the present invention effectively, ensures the dust content≤5mg/m in Exhaust Gas 3;
2, the delivery temperature of the controlled tobacco curing gas of the present invention and humidity, ensures that the flue gas of discharging can not produce " white mist " phenomenon;
3, the present invention effectively can remove the aerosol in flue gas, and environment protecting is remarkable;
4, the present invention also carries function of recovering waste heat, can be used as other heat demand.

Claims (9)

1. degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device, it is characterized in that, this purifier comprises sonic boom device, there is the purifying vessel of confined space, purifying vessel is provided with and enters gas feed in container for extraneous gas, for the gas discharge outlet that gas in purifying vessel is discharged, the gas passed through from gas feed be enter in purifying vessel after vaporific liquid medium mixes by the explosion of sonic boom device, be provided with in purifying vessel and supply gas in purifying vessel pass through and the gas passed through carried out to the filter of dust removal and filtration, and Treatment Solution is arranged in the liquid distributor of filter, by liquid distributor, Treatment Solution is distributed in supplied gas on filter with form of liquid film to pass, the trap setting gas after filter being carried out to aerosol seizure is provided with in described purifying vessel.
2. degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described trap setting comprises the deflection plate of several multiple spots bending, forms baffling passage, deflection plate is provided with curved rebate between adjacent baffle.
3. degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described filter is at least one nanometer Air-oil mixing film dust removal and filtration plate.
4. degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described sonic boom device becomes diameter less than 10 μm by with the liquid medium explosion entering gas and vapor permeation in purifying vessel from gas feed.
5. degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, this purifier also comprises the circulation vessel for collecting liquid in above-mentioned purifying vessel, is provided with the enrichment facility concentrated the liquid entered in circulation vessel.
6. degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described enrichment facility is the coil pipe be arranged in circulation vessel.
7. degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device according to claim 5, is characterized in that, is provided with the spray equipment for being carried out spraying on enrichment facility by the liquid collected from purifying vessel in described circulation vessel.
8. degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, between described purifying vessel and circulation vessel, be provided with the heat exchanger liquid entered from purifying vessel in circulation vessel and the liquid be back to purifying vessel from circulation vessel being carried out to exchange heat.
9. degree of depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the liquid of discharging from purifying vessel enters circulation vessel after a dust collection purification.
CN201510998220.2A 2015-12-25 2015-12-25 Depth dehumidification dedusting and purifying device Active CN105457431B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105771525A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-07-20 苏州荣能环保科技有限公司 Immersion type flue gas dust removal device
CN112141969A (en) * 2020-10-13 2020-12-29 岳阳智博建筑工程有限公司 Lift for architectural decoration
CN112473292A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-03-12 南阳柯丽尔科技有限公司 Film manufacturing waste gas treatment system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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JP2006239693A (en) * 2006-06-05 2006-09-14 Sakamoto Shokai:Kk Wet dust collector
CN2902422Y (en) * 2006-03-10 2007-05-23 东莞市洛河神环保有限公司 Cyclone type waste gas treatment device
CN103349878A (en) * 2009-12-09 2013-10-16 有利创新科技有限公司 Dust arrester and method for removing dust particles from air

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2030901U (en) * 1988-04-23 1989-01-18 王明儒 High efficient liquid and membrane type cleaning device
CN2902422Y (en) * 2006-03-10 2007-05-23 东莞市洛河神环保有限公司 Cyclone type waste gas treatment device
JP2006239693A (en) * 2006-06-05 2006-09-14 Sakamoto Shokai:Kk Wet dust collector
CN103349878A (en) * 2009-12-09 2013-10-16 有利创新科技有限公司 Dust arrester and method for removing dust particles from air

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105771525A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-07-20 苏州荣能环保科技有限公司 Immersion type flue gas dust removal device
CN112473292A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-03-12 南阳柯丽尔科技有限公司 Film manufacturing waste gas treatment system
CN112141969A (en) * 2020-10-13 2020-12-29 岳阳智博建筑工程有限公司 Lift for architectural decoration

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Effective date of registration: 20220628

Address after: 213022 No.5 Qinling Road, Xinbei District, Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Jiangsu Hehai New Energy Technology Development Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 213000 No. 5, Qinling Road, Sanjing Industrial Park, Xinbei District, Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: JIANGSU HEHAI NEW ENERGY Co.,Ltd.