CN105440378A - Insulating material for power distribution system - Google Patents

Insulating material for power distribution system Download PDF

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CN105440378A
CN105440378A CN201510315153.XA CN201510315153A CN105440378A CN 105440378 A CN105440378 A CN 105440378A CN 201510315153 A CN201510315153 A CN 201510315153A CN 105440378 A CN105440378 A CN 105440378A
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parts
material
insulating material
prepared
zinc borate
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CN201510315153.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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杨文涛
曹政
秦承胜
王明强
杨法伟
王倩倩
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国网山东省电力公司临沂供电公司
国家电网公司
国网山东费县供电公司
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Priority to CN201510315153.XA priority Critical patent/CN105440378A/en
Publication of CN105440378A publication Critical patent/CN105440378A/en

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Abstract

The present invention belongs to the field of power materials, and discloses an insulating material for a power distribution system. The insulating material is prepared from the following raw materials: hydrogenated nitrile rubber, polyvinyl chloride, ethylene-propylene-diene rubber, polypropylene resin, triallyl cyanurate, aluminium nitride, egg shells, attapulgite, stearic acid, zinc borate, fiberglass, borax, triphenyl phosphate, oleamide, magnesium oxide, and aluminium hydroxide. The insulating material disclosed by the present invention is good in flame retardancy, excellent in mechanical properties and good in anti-corrosive property, and thus is suitable for making a cable insulation layer. In addition, the insulating material is used in a wide range, so that the service life of the cable is prolonged.

Description

[0001] -种用于配电系统的绝缘材料 [0001] - the insulating material for the seed distribution system

技术领域 FIELD

[0002] 本发明属于电力材料领域,具体涉及一种用于配电系统的绝缘材料。 [0002] The present invention belongs to the field of power material, particularly relates to an insulating material for a power distribution system.

[0003] [0003]

背景技术 Background technique

[0004] 配电系统将电力系统中从降压配电变电站(高压配电变电站)出口到用户端的这一段系统称为配电系统。 [0004] The power distribution system from the step-down outlet system distribution substation (substation high voltage distribution) of this section to the client system is called the power distribution system. 配电系统是由多种配电设备(或元件)和配电设施所组成的变换电压和直接向终端用户分配电能的一个电力网络系统。 Distribution system is a combination of the power distribution devices (or elements) and distribution facility composed of a voltage and power conversion system network distributing electrical energy directly to the end user.

[0005] 电缆是配电系统中的重要组成部分,近年来随着生产生活电线电缆的运用日益发展和普及,电线电缆的需要量增加很快,而且随着经济的发展,对其材料的要求也越来越高,它要求柔软、耐磨、耐腐蚀以及耐高低温等性能。 [0005] is an important part of the cable distribution system in recent years with the use of wire and cable production and living and growing popularity, wire and cable requirements increase rapidly, and with the economic development, its material requirements increasingly high, it requires flexibility, wear and corrosion resistance, and high and low temperature properties.

[0006] 而无论从机械性、热火化学耐受性以及灾害防护角度考虑,电缆外层绝缘材料在防护内部原料受损以维持其正常运行方面均起到至关重要的作用,在具体应用过程中,电缆外层绝缘材料必须能都抵抗日晒、UV辐射、臭氧老化、化学药品侵蚀,同时在意外灾害情况下仍能保证或暂时保证其正常运行,随着电气火灾事故的频繁发生,电线电缆的阻燃问题逐渐引起世界各国的重视;电缆燃烧时释放出大量烟雾和有毒的、腐蚀性的气体是火灾中危险因素,在火灾中妨碍了人们的安全撤离和灭火工作,使生命财产遭到严重损失,同时随着通讯事业、汽车工业和计算机工业的发展,特别是航空导线、汽车用线、高温仪表电缆、 石油钻井平台电缆等许多场合,越来越需要使用阻燃、热稳定性能好、热变形温度高的电缆外层绝缘材料。 [0006] regardless of the mechanical properties, heat resistance and chemical resistance viewpoint of disaster protection, the cable outer insulating material inside the protective material to maintain its normal operating damaged respects play a crucial role in the specific application process the cable outer insulation material must all resist the sun, UV radiation, ozone aging, chemical erosion, while still guarantee or temporarily ensure their normal operation in case of unexpected disasters, with the electrical fire accidents occur frequently, wires retardant cable problem of growing importance around the world; the release of the cable burn a lot of smoke and toxic, corrosive gas fire is a risk factor, hampering the safe evacuation of people and fire fighting in the fire, was the life and property to serious losses, and with the development of communications, automotive and computer industries, especially aerospace wire, automotive wire, high-temperature instrumentation cables, cables and other oil drilling platforms on many occasions, more and more need to use flame-retardant, thermal stability good, high heat distortion temperature of the cable outer insulation.

[0007] [0007]

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明的目的是解决现有技术中用于配电系统的绝缘材料的诸多缺陷,经过大量试验和探索,改变现有的原料组成及制备方法,提供一种于用于配电系统的绝缘材料,该绝缘材料具备较好的绝缘性能、耐腐蚀性能、阻燃性能以及机械性能;上述绝缘材料的制备工艺简单,适合大规模工业化生产。 [0008] The object of the present invention is to solve the prior art insulating material distribution system for many defects, after a lot of experiments and explorations, to change the existing feed composition and method of preparation, there is provided a power distribution system in a insulating material, the insulating material having good insulation properties, corrosion resistance, flame retardancy and mechanical properties; simple preparation process of the insulating material, suitable for large scale industrial production.

[0009] 为了实现上述目的,本发明的技术方案通过如下方式来实现的: 一种用于配电系统的绝缘材料,其由如下原料制备而成: 氢化丁腈橡胶,聚氯乙烯,三元乙丙橡胶,聚丙烯树脂,三聚氰酸三烯丙酯,氮化铝,鸡蛋壳,坡缕石,硬脂酸,硼酸锌,玻璃纤维,硼砂,磷酸三苯酯,油酸酰胺,氧化镁,氢氧化铝。 [0009] To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention are achieved by the following manner: an insulating material for a power distribution system, which is prepared from raw materials in the following: hydrogenated nitrile rubber, polyvinyl chloride, tri- ethylene propylene rubber, a polypropylene resin, a triallyl cyanurate, aluminum nitride, egg shell, attapulgite, stearic acid, zinc borate, glass fiber, borax, triphenyl phosphate, oleic acid amide, oxide magnesium aluminum hydroxide.

[0010] 具体地,其由如下重量份的原料制备而成: 氢化丁腈橡胶20-25份,聚氯乙烯15-17份,三元乙丙橡胶12-15份,聚丙烯树脂10-12 份,三聚氰酸三烯丙酯7-9份,氮化铝6-8份,鸡蛋壳5-7份,坡缕石4-6份,硬脂酸3-5份, 硼酸锌3-5份,玻璃纤维3-4份,硼砂2-3份,磷酸三苯酯2-3份,油酸酰胺1-2份,氧化镁1-2份,氢氧化铝1-2份。 [0010] Specifically, prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 20-25 parts of hydrogenated nitrile rubber, polyvinyl chloride, 15-17 parts, 12-15 parts of EPDM, polypropylene resin 10-12 parts of cyanuric triallyl parts 7-9, 6-8 parts aluminum nitride, egg shell parts 5-7, 4-6 parts attapulgite, 3-5 parts of stearic acid, zinc borate 3- 5 parts, parts of glass fibers 3-4, 2-3 parts of borax, 2-3 parts of triphenyl phosphate, oleamide parts 1-2, 1-2 parts of magnesium oxide, aluminum hydroxide 1-2 parts.

[0011] 优选地,氮化铝、硼酸锌、氧化镁以及氢氧化铝的粒径均控制在1〇〇目;玻璃纤维的直径为10-20UH1,长度为30-50um。 [0011] Preferably, aluminum nitride, zinc borate, magnesium oxide, and particle size of the aluminum hydroxide are controlled 1〇〇 mesh; diameter glass fibers 10-20UH1, a length of 30-50um.

[0012] 上述绝缘材料的制备方法包括如下步骤: 步骤1)制备物料1 :将鸡蛋壳、坡缕石以及硼砂依次添加到破碎机中进行破碎,然后进行研磨,获得粒径为100目的粉末,即为物料1 ; 步骤2)制备物料2 :将氮化铝、硬脂酸、玻璃纤维以及油酸酰胺投入到搅拌反应器中, 200转/min搅拌lOmin,然后加热到70°C,保温3min,最后降至30°C,得到物料2 ; 步骤3)制备物料3 :将氢化丁腈橡胶,聚氯乙烯,三元乙丙橡胶,聚丙烯树脂,三聚氰酸三烯丙酯以及磷酸三苯酯,混合均匀,加入密炼机,密炼时间为5分钟,密炼温度为90°C,得到物料3 ; 步骤4)制备绝缘材料:将物料1、物料2、物料3、硼酸锌、氧化镁以及氢氧化铝依次投入到离心机中,1200转/min离心搅拌3分钟,混合均匀后,进入双螺杆挤出机挤压成熔融状态,待混料完全熔融后挤出到注塑机中,注塑成型即得。 [0012] The method of preparing the insulating material comprises the following steps: Step 1) Material 1: sequentially adding the egg shell, attapulgite and borax to the crusher is crushed, then milled to obtain a particle size of 100 mesh powder, 1 is the material; preparing step 2) material 2: aluminum nitride, stearic acid, oleic acid amide, and glass fibers into a stirred reactor, 200 rev / min stirring for lOmin, then heated to 70 ° C, 3min insulation , and finally down to 30 ° C, to obtain material 2; prepared in step 3) material 3: a hydrogenated nitrile rubber, polyvinyl chloride, EPDM, polypropylene resins, cyanuric acid and triallyl phosphate, tris phenyl ester, mixed, added to mixer, mixing time was 5 minutes, the mixing temperature of 90 ° C, to give material 3; step 4) preparation of insulating material: the material 1, material 2, the material 3, zinc borate, magnesium oxide, and aluminum hydroxide sequentially into the centrifuge, 1200 rpm / min centrifugation stirring for 3 minutes, mixed evenly into the twin screw extruder, extruded into a molten state, until completely melted compounding extruder into an injection machine injection molding to obtain.

[0013] 本发明取得的有益效果主要包括: 油酸酰胺可以减少树脂等在加工过程中的内摩擦薄膜和传送设备之间摩擦,简化对最终产品的操作,降低树脂颗粒成型熔融黏度,改进流动性。 [0013] Advantageous effects of the present invention achieves the following: oleic acid amide can reduce the friction between the frictional transmission apparatus and a resin film or the like during processing, to simplify the operation of the final product, reduce the melt viscosity of the resin particle formation, improve flow sex. 三聚氰酸三烯丙酯能显著提高产品的强度、刚性和耐热性能,可使制品在250°C左右长期使用。 Triallyl cyanuric acid can significantly improve the strength, rigidity and heat resistance of the product, long product can be used at 250 ° C. 三元乙丙橡胶是乙烯、丙烯和少量的非共辄二烯烃的共聚物,耐臭氧、耐热、耐候等耐老化性能优异。 EPDM is ethylene, propylene and a small amount of non-conjugated diene copolymer noir, excellent ozone resistance, heat resistance, weatherability and other anti-aging properties. 氢化丁腈橡胶具良好的耐热性能,优良的耐化学腐蚀性能(对氟利昂、酸、碱的具有良好的抗耐性),优异的耐臭氧性能,较高的抗压缩永久变形性能。 Hydrogenated nitrile rubber having good heat resistance, excellent chemical resistance (for freon, acids, bases has good resistance to), excellent ozone resistance, high resistance to compression set. 玻璃纤维优点是绝缘性好、耐热性强、抗腐蚀性好, 机械强度高。 The advantage is a glass fiber insulation, heat resistance, good corrosion resistance, high mechanical strength. 鸡蛋壳属于生活废弃物,本发明对其进行了有效利用,原料低廉,提高了机械性能,变废为宝,一举两得。 Belong to domestic waste egg shell, the present invention is its efficient use, inexpensive raw materials, improved mechanical properties, recycling Po, do both. 氮化铝是良好的耐热冲击材料,其稳定性好、强度高、导热性好、 热膨胀系数小,但是其与橡胶基体的相容性差,本发明对其进行了改性,使得氮化铝的表面得到了改善,其团聚趋势减弱,其与橡胶基体之间的相容性增强,提高了绝缘材料的机械性能、耐热老化性能以及耐磨性能;本发明制备的绝缘材料具备绝缘性能、耐腐蚀性能、阻燃性能以及机械性能,可应用于电缆外层绝缘材料;本发明制备工艺简单,适合大规模工业化生产。 Aluminum nitride material is a good thermal shock, good stability, high strength, good thermal conductivity, thermal expansion coefficient, but the rubber matrix poor compatibility, the present invention be modified so that the aluminum nitride the surface was improved, which reduced agglomeration tendency, the compatibility between the reinforcement and the rubber matrix which improves the mechanical properties of the insulating material, heat aging resistance and wear resistance; an insulating material prepared according to the invention includes an insulating property, corrosion resistance, flame retardancy and mechanical properties, can be applied to the cable outer insulating material; simple preparation process of the present invention, suitable for large scale industrial production.

[0014] [0014]

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0015] 为了使本技术领域的人员更好地理解本申请中的技术方案,下面将结合本申请具体实施例,对本发明进行更加清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本申请一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0015] In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the technical solution of the present application, will be combined with the application specific embodiments of the present invention will be more clearly and fully described, obviously, the described embodiments are merely present Example application portion, but not all embodiments. 基于本申请中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有作出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都应当属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present disclosure, one of ordinary skill in this art All other embodiments without creative work obtained, it shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0016] 实施例1 一种用于配电系统的绝缘材料,其由如下重量份的原料制备而成: 氢化丁腈橡胶20份,聚氯乙烯15份,三元乙丙橡胶12份,聚丙烯树脂10份,三聚氰酸三烯丙酯7份,氮化铝6份,鸡蛋壳5份,坡缕石4份,硬脂酸3份,硼酸锌3份,玻璃纤维3 份,硼砂2份,磷酸三苯酯2份,油酸酰胺1份,氧化镁1份,氢氧化铝1份。 [0016] an insulating material for a power distribution system in an embodiment, which is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 20 parts hydrogenated nitrile rubber, 15 parts of polyvinyl chloride, 12 parts of EPDM, poly 10 parts of acrylic resin, triallyl cyanuric acid 7 parts, 6 parts of aluminum nitride, 5 parts of egg shells, palygorskite 4 parts, 3 parts of stearic acid, 3 parts of zinc borate, 3 parts of glass fibers, borax 2 parts, 2 parts of triphenyl phosphate, 1 part of oleic acid amide, 1 part of magnesium oxide, 1 part of aluminum hydroxide.

[0017] 所述氮化铝、硼酸锌、氧化镁以及氢氧化铝的粒径均控制在100目;玻璃纤维的直径为10um,长度为30um。 [0017] The aluminum nitride, zinc borate, magnesium oxide, and particle size of the aluminum hydroxide are controlled 100 mesh; diameter glass fibers 10um, length 30um.

[0018] 上述绝缘材料的制备方法包括如下步骤: 步骤1)制备物料1 :将鸡蛋壳、坡缕石以及硼砂依次添加到破碎机中进行破碎,然后进行研磨,获得粒径为100目的粉末,即为物料1 ; 步骤2)制备物料2 :将氮化铝、硬脂酸、玻璃纤维以及油酸酰胺投入到搅拌反应器中, 200转/min搅拌lOmin,然后加热到70°C,保温3min,最后降至30°C,得到物料2 ; 步骤3)制备物料3 :将氢化丁腈橡胶,聚氯乙烯,三元乙丙橡胶,聚丙烯树脂,三聚氰酸三烯丙酯以及磷酸三苯酯,混合均匀,加入密炼机,密炼时间为5分钟,密炼温度为90°C,得到物料3 ; 步骤4)制备绝缘材料:将物料1、物料2、物料3、硼酸锌、氧化镁以及氢氧化铝依次投入到离心机中,1200转/min离心搅拌3分钟,混合均匀后,进入双螺杆挤出机挤压成熔融状态,待混料完全熔融后挤出到注塑机中,注塑成型即得。 [0018] The method of preparing the insulating material comprises the following steps: Step 1) Material 1: sequentially adding the egg shell, attapulgite and borax to the crusher is crushed, then milled to obtain a particle size of 100 mesh powder, 1 is the material; preparing step 2) material 2: aluminum nitride, stearic acid, oleic acid amide, and glass fibers into a stirred reactor, 200 rev / min stirring for lOmin, then heated to 70 ° C, 3min insulation , and finally down to 30 ° C, to obtain material 2; prepared in step 3) material 3: a hydrogenated nitrile rubber, polyvinyl chloride, EPDM, polypropylene resins, cyanuric acid and triallyl phosphate, tris phenyl ester, mixed, added to mixer, mixing time was 5 minutes, the mixing temperature of 90 ° C, to give material 3; step 4) preparation of insulating material: the material 1, material 2, the material 3, zinc borate, magnesium oxide, and aluminum hydroxide sequentially into the centrifuge, 1200 rpm / min centrifugation stirring for 3 minutes, mixed evenly into the twin screw extruder, extruded into a molten state, until completely melted compounding extruder into an injection machine injection molding to obtain.

[0019] 实施例2 一种用于配电系统的绝缘材料,其由如下重量份的原料制备而成: 氢化丁腈橡胶25份,聚氯乙烯17份,三元乙丙橡胶15份,聚丙烯树脂12份,三聚氰酸三烯丙酯9份,氮化铝8份,鸡蛋壳7份,坡缕石6份,硬脂酸5份,硼酸锌5份,玻璃纤维4 份,硼砂3份,磷酸三苯酯3份,油酸酰胺2份,氧化镁2份,氢氧化铝2份。 [0019] 2 insulating material for power distribution system according to an embodiment, which is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 25 parts hydrogenated nitrile rubber, 17 parts of polyvinyl chloride, 15 parts of EPDM, poly 12 parts of acrylic resin, triallyl cyanurate three parts 9, 8 parts of aluminum nitride, 7 parts of egg shells, palygorskite 6 parts, 5 parts of stearic acid, 5 parts of zinc borate, 4 parts of glass fibers, borax 3 parts, 3 parts of triphenyl phosphate, 2 parts of amide oleate, 2 parts of magnesium oxide, 2 parts of aluminum hydroxide.

[0020] 所述氮化铝、硼酸锌、氧化镁以及氢氧化铝的粒径均控制在100目;玻璃纤维的直径为20um,长度为50um。 [0020] The aluminum nitride, zinc borate, magnesium oxide, and particle size of the aluminum hydroxide are controlled 100 mesh; 20um diameter glass fibers, a length of 50um.

[0021] 上述绝缘材料的制备方法包括如下步骤: 步骤1)制备物料1 :将鸡蛋壳、坡缕石以及硼砂依次添加到破碎机中进行破碎,然后进行研磨,获得粒径为100目的粉末,即为物料1 ; 步骤2)制备物料2 :将氮化铝、硬脂酸、玻璃纤维以及油酸酰胺投入到搅拌反应器中, 200转/min搅拌lOmin,然后加热到70°C,保温3min,最后降至30°C,得到物料2 ; 步骤3)制备物料3 :将氢化丁腈橡胶,聚氯乙烯,三元乙丙橡胶,聚丙烯树脂,三聚氰酸三烯丙酯以及磷酸三苯酯,混合均匀,加入密炼机,密炼时间为5分钟,密炼温度为90°C,得到物料3 ; 步骤4)制备绝缘材料:将物料1、物料2、物料3、硼酸锌、氧化镁以及氢氧化铝依次投入到离心机中,1200转/min离心搅拌3分钟,混合均匀后,进入双螺杆挤出机挤压成熔融状态,待混料完全熔融后挤出到注塑机中,注塑成型即得。 [0021] The method of preparing the insulating material comprises the following steps: Step 1) Material 1: sequentially adding the egg shell, attapulgite and borax to the crusher is crushed, then milled to obtain a particle size of 100 mesh powder, 1 is the material; preparing step 2) material 2: aluminum nitride, stearic acid, oleic acid amide, and glass fibers into a stirred reactor, 200 rev / min stirring for lOmin, then heated to 70 ° C, 3min insulation , and finally down to 30 ° C, to obtain material 2; prepared in step 3) material 3: a hydrogenated nitrile rubber, polyvinyl chloride, EPDM, polypropylene resins, cyanuric acid and triallyl phosphate, tris phenyl ester, mixed, added to mixer, mixing time was 5 minutes, the mixing temperature of 90 ° C, to give material 3; step 4) preparation of insulating material: the material 1, material 2, the material 3, zinc borate, magnesium oxide, and aluminum hydroxide sequentially into the centrifuge, 1200 rpm / min centrifugation stirring for 3 minutes, mixed evenly into the twin screw extruder, extruded into a molten state, until completely melted compounding extruder into an injection machine injection molding to obtain.

[0022] 实施例3 本发明制备的绝缘材料的性能测试: 1.实施例和实施例2制备的绝缘材料的机械性能抗腐蚀性能以及绝缘性能较好,具体检测结果可见表1,其中绝缘材料层的厚度均为2mm : 表1 2.抗腐蚀性能测试:将试验材料浸泡到10%的氯化钠溶液中100天,各主要性能参数测定,见表2 :试验材料浸泡到10%的硫酸溶液中100天,各主要性能参数测定,见表3。 [0022] Example 3 Preparation of insulating material performance test of the present invention: Example 1. The mechanical properties of the insulating material and prepared in Example 2 corrosion resistance and good insulation properties, particularly the detection results can be seen in Table 1, wherein the insulating material 2mm thickness of the layer are: 1 table 2. corrosion resistance test: the test material soaked in a 10% sodium chloride solution to 100 days, and each of the main performance parameters of table 2: test material was immersed in 10% sulfuric acid solution of 100 days, the major performance parameters measured (Table 3).

[0023] 表2 结论:本发明绝缘材料绝缘阻燃性能好,力学性能优异,并且具备较好的耐腐蚀性能, 适用于电缆绝缘外层,并且适用范围广泛,大大延长了电缆的使用寿命。 [0023] Table 2 Conclusions: The present invention is good insulation, flame retardant properties, excellent mechanical properties, and have good corrosion resistance, suitable for cable insulation layer, and the wide scope of application, greatly extending the life of the cable.

[0024] 以上结合具体的实施方式对本发明进行了描述,但本领域技术人员应该清楚,这些描述都是示例性的,并不是对本发明保护范围的限制。 [0024] with reference to specific embodiments of the present invention has been described, it should be apparent to those skilled in the art, these descriptions are exemplary, not limiting the scope of the present invention. 本领域技术人员可以根据本发明的精神和原理对本发明做出各种变型和修改,这些变型和修改也在本发明的范围内。 Those skilled in the art can make various variations and modifications of the invention in accordance with the spirit and principles of the invention, such variations and modifications are scope of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. 一种用于配电系统的绝缘材料,其特征在于,所述绝缘材料由如下原料制备而成: 氢化丁腈橡胶,聚氯乙烯,三元乙丙橡胶,聚丙烯树脂,三聚氰酸三烯丙酯,氮化铝,鸡蛋壳,坡缕石,硬脂酸,硼酸锌,玻璃纤维,硼砂,磷酸三苯酯,油酸酰胺,氧化镁,氢氧化铝。 An insulation material for a power distribution system, wherein said insulating material is prepared from the following raw materials in: hydrogenated nitrile rubber, chlorinated polyethylene, EPDM, polypropylene resin, melamine triallyl aluminum nitride, egg shell, attapulgite, stearic acid, zinc borate, glass fiber, borax, triphenyl phosphate, oleic acid amide, magnesium oxide, aluminum hydroxide.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的绝缘材料,其特征在于,所述绝缘材料由如下重量份的原料制备而成: 氢化丁腈橡胶20-25份,聚氯乙烯15-17份,三元乙丙橡胶12-15份,聚丙烯树脂10-12 份,三聚氰酸三烯丙酯7-9份,氮化铝6-8份,鸡蛋壳5-7份,坡缕石4-6份,硬脂酸3-5份, 硼酸锌3-5份,玻璃纤维3-4份,硼砂2-3份,磷酸三苯酯2-3份,油酸酰胺1-2份,氧化镁1-2份,氢氧化铝1-2份。 2. The insulating material according to claim 1, wherein said insulating material is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 20-25 parts of hydrogenated nitrile rubber, polyvinyl chloride, 15-17 parts of ternary B 12-15 parts of propylene rubbers, 10-12 parts of a polypropylene resin, triallyl cyanurate three parts 7-9, 6-8 parts aluminum nitride, egg shell parts 5-7, 4-6 parts of attapulgite , 3-5 parts of stearic acid, zinc borate parts 3-5, 3-4 parts of glass fibers, borax parts 2-3, 2-3 parts of triphenyl phosphate, 1-2 parts of oleic acid amide, magnesium 1- 2 parts of aluminum hydroxide 1-2 parts.
3. 根据权利要求2所述的绝缘材料,其特征在于,所述氮化铝、硼酸锌、氧化镁以及氢氧化铝的粒径均为100目;所述玻璃纤维的直径为10-20um,长度为30-50um。 3. The insulation material according to claim 2, wherein the particle size of the aluminum nitride, zinc borate, magnesium oxide and aluminum hydroxide are 100 mesh; diameter of the glass fiber is 10-20um, length 30-50um.
4. 根据权利要求2或3所述的绝缘材料,其特征在于,所述绝缘材料的制备方法包括如下步骤: 步骤1)制备物料1 :将鸡蛋壳、坡缕石以及硼砂依次添加到破碎机中进行破碎,然后进行研磨,获得粒径为100目的粉末,即为物料1 ; 步骤2)制备物料2 :将氮化铝、硬脂酸、玻璃纤维以及油酸酰胺投入到搅拌反应器中, 200转/min搅拌lOmin,然后加热到70°C,保温3min,最后降至30°C,得到物料2 ; 步骤3)制备物料3 :将氢化丁腈橡胶,聚氯乙烯,三元乙丙橡胶,聚丙烯树脂,三聚氰酸三烯丙酯以及磷酸三苯酯,混合均匀,加入密炼机,密炼时间为5分钟,密炼温度为90°C,得到物料3 ; 步骤4)制备绝缘材料:将物料1、物料2、物料3、硼酸锌、氧化镁以及氢氧化铝依次投入到离心机中,1200转/min离心搅拌3分钟,混合均匀后,进入双螺杆挤出机挤压成熔融状态,待混料完全熔融 Insulation material according to claim 2 or claim 3, wherein said insulating material production method comprising the following steps: Step 1) Preparation of Material 1: sequentially adding the egg shell, attapulgite and borax to the crusher are crushed and then milled to obtain a particle size of 100 mesh powder, i.e. a material; prepared in step 2) material 2: aluminum nitride, stearic acid, oleic acid amide, and glass fibers into a stirred reactor, 200 rev / min stirring for lOmin, then heated to 70 ° C, insulation 3min, and finally down to 30 ° C, to obtain material 2; prepared in step 3) material 3: a hydrogenated nitrile rubber, polyvinyl chloride, ethylene propylene diene rubber , polypropylene resins, cyanuric acid, triphenyl phosphite and triallyl mixed uniformly, added to mixer, mixing time was 5 minutes, the mixing temperature of 90 ° C, to give material 3; step 4) preparation of insulation material: the material 1, material 2, the material 3, zinc borate, magnesium oxide and aluminum hydroxide sequentially into the centrifuge, 1200 rpm / min centrifugation for 3 minutes, mixed, pressed into the twin-screw extruder a molten state, mixing until completely melted 挤出到注塑机中,注塑成型即得。 Extruded into an injection molding machine to obtain an injection molding.
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Cited By (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105968471A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-09-28 安徽华能电缆集团有限公司 Waterproofing insulated cable sheath and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5559169A (en) * 1994-12-15 1996-09-24 Cabot Corporation EPDM, HNBR and Butyl rubber compositions containing carbon black products
CN103756156A (en) * 2013-09-24 2014-04-30 青岛三立新源电器有限公司 High strength and high temperature resistance electric cable insulation material
CN104558864A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-04-29 无为县华祥电缆材料有限公司 Modified ethylene propylene diene monomer insulating cable material

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5559169A (en) * 1994-12-15 1996-09-24 Cabot Corporation EPDM, HNBR and Butyl rubber compositions containing carbon black products
CN103756156A (en) * 2013-09-24 2014-04-30 青岛三立新源电器有限公司 High strength and high temperature resistance electric cable insulation material
CN104558864A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-04-29 无为县华祥电缆材料有限公司 Modified ethylene propylene diene monomer insulating cable material

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105968471A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-09-28 安徽华能电缆集团有限公司 Waterproofing insulated cable sheath and preparation method thereof

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