CN105421761A - Aluminum alloy formwork trapezoid cross section profile and unit formwork structure of aluminum alloy formwork - Google Patents

Aluminum alloy formwork trapezoid cross section profile and unit formwork structure of aluminum alloy formwork Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105421761A
CN105421761A CN201510730417.8A CN201510730417A CN105421761A CN 105421761 A CN105421761 A CN 105421761A CN 201510730417 A CN201510730417 A CN 201510730417A CN 105421761 A CN105421761 A CN 105421761A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
aluminum alloy
trapezoid
formwork
longitudinal
frame
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CN201510730417.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105421761B (en
Inventor
孙涛
杨少林
陈晓东
王立营
于光
张磊
张平平
史一剑
包海明
Original Assignee
中国建筑股份有限公司
北京中建柏利工程技术发展有限公司
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Priority to CN201510730417.8A priority Critical patent/CN105421761B/en
Publication of CN105421761A publication Critical patent/CN105421761A/en
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Publication of CN105421761B publication Critical patent/CN105421761B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G9/00Forming or shuttering elements for general use
    • E04G9/02Forming boards or similar elements
    • E04G9/06Forming boards or similar elements the form surface being of metal
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16SCONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS IN GENERAL; STRUCTURES BUILT-UP FROM SUCH ELEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • F16S1/00Sheets, panels, or other members of similar proportions; Constructions comprising assemblies of such members
    • F16S1/10Composite members, e.g. with ribs or flanges attached

Abstract

The invention discloses an aluminum alloy formwork trapezoid cross section profile and a unit formwork structure of an aluminum alloy formwork. The aluminum alloy formwork trapezoid cross section profile is an integrally-formed aluminum alloy abnormal-shaped plate and is composed of a groove body and a group of longitudinal reinforcing ribs, wherein the groove is formed by a rectangular panel and two opposite longitudinal side frames on the back face of the panel, and the longitudinal reinforcing ribs are evenly distributed at the bottom of the groove body. The unit formwork structure of the aluminum alloy formwork comprises the aluminum alloy formwork trapezoid cross section profile, transverse side frames, transverse reinforcing ribs and corner reinforcing blocks. The aluminum alloy formwork trapezoid cross section profile and the unit formwork structure of the aluminum alloy formwork, the structure is clear, forming is easy, later-period machining amount of the formwork is small, the machining cost is reduced, it can be ensured that the formwork is low in weight, safe to use and long in service life, the construction efficiency is improved, standardized, systematic and industrial production is easier, formwork assembly and disassembly are fast, easy and convenient, installation is firm and reliable, the construction efficiency is high, and the construction cost is low.

Description

A kind of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section section bar and unit template structure thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to all aluminium alloy template section bar used and unit template structure thereof in the construction of a kind of building structure mould bases.
Background technology
In building trade, all aluminium alloy template has become a kind of hot technology in current construction formwork industry as integrated formwork for placing system.All aluminium alloy template section bar is most basic constituent material in all aluminium alloy template system, and the research in all aluminium alloy template section bar cross section, design, sizing, processing, production are directly connected to the aspect such as construction application, construction effect, convenience for construction, construction speed, construction safety, construction cost of template system.
At present, in domestic all aluminium alloy template system, template section bar specification divides according to template section bar breadth of section, key dimension is 100mm, 150mm, 200mm, 250mm, 300mm, 400mm, 450mm, 600mm, wherein using 600mm cross section as main section bar width specifications, the consumption of other specification templates can be reduced, thus improve the standardization level of job site, alleviate the manipulation strength of constructor.But be limited by extrudate production equipment performance requirement, 600mm section bar cross section is mainly large aluminum profile manufacturer and processes, on market, most 600mm specification section bar adopts jigsaw structure to make, and proposes certain difficulty requirement to the post-production of template.Meanwhile, due to the disconnection of stencil design and section bar Cross section Design, a lot of 600mm template section bar project organizations yield rate after stencil-type material forming is low, uses and there is very large impact, increase engineering cost for template cost and later stage.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section section bar and unit template structure thereof, existing large scale all aluminium alloy template be solved, exist and make difficult forming, cost high weight is large, cross section structure is unreasonable, stressed unreasonable, the technical problem that security performance can not be guaranteed.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section section bar, be integrated extruded aluminium alloys heterotype profiled sheet, this aluminium alloys heterotype profiled sheet is the cell body formed by longitudinal side frame three that rectangular panel is relative with two of back side of panel, and the longitudinal reinforced rib that the bottom land of this cell body is arranged is formed, described longitudinal reinforced rib arranges between two parties together or is divided equally in cell body space and arranges more than twice, longitudinal reinforced rib and longitudinal side frame contour isometric, the cross section of longitudinal reinforced rib is the special-shaped quadrangle of hollow, this special-shaped quadrangle is approximate trapezoid, two trapezoidal waist infoldings make trapezoidal upper base and two waists at a right angle, trapezoidal going to the bottom is connected with the back side of panel, go to the bottom and to be connected by chamfering with two waists.
A kind of unit template structure of aluminum alloy mould plate, comprise above-described aluminium alloys heterotype profiled sheet, horizontal ribs, cross side frame and bight boss, the cross section of described horizontal ribs is C shape, comprise base plate, side plate and top board, the termination of described top board is given prominence to side plate and is bent downwardly formation flanging, described horizontal ribs and longitudinal reinforced rib contour, both intersection area is composed of a fixed connection grid, two ends and longitudinal side frame of horizontal ribs are connected and fixed, and base plate and the back side of panel of horizontal ribs are connected and fixed.
Described horizontal ribs is longitudinally distributed on panel, the horizontal ribs of per pass all by being fixed on the waist both sides of longitudinal reinforced rib, one group of short rib of the alignment that is in line forms, the shape at link position place and the outline of waist of short rib and longitudinal reinforced rib adapt.
The C shape opening of described horizontal ribs is towards identical or different.
Described bight boss is trapezoidal boss, and two trapezoidal hypotenuses (are fixedly connected on the bight that longitudinal side frame, cross side frame and trapezoidal panel intersect between two respectively.
The lateral surface of described longitudinal side frame is concave inward structure, and interval has first module splicing hole along its length.
The lateral surface of described cross side frame is concave inward structure, and interval has second unit splicing hole along its length.
Described concave inward structure is trapezoidal or rectangle.
Described aluminium alloys heterotype profiled sheet, cross side frame, horizontal ribs and bight boss are welding when connecting between two.
The lateral dimension of the unit template structure of this aluminum alloy mould plate arranges longitudinal reinforced rib 1 when being 250mm-300mm, arranges longitudinal reinforced rib 2 when lateral dimension is 450mm-600mm.
Compared with prior art the present invention has following characteristics and beneficial effect:
Aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section section bar in the present invention, reasonable, shaping simple, the guarantee designing requirement of cross section structure, be made up of longitudinal side frame, panel, longitudinal reinforced rib, all aluminium alloy standard form structure forms gridding structure by aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section section bar, cross side frame, horizontal ribs simultaneously, in work progress, directly form vertical applied force form of structure, be better applicable to current all aluminium alloy template back arris formula and strengthen structure.Structure of the present invention is clear and definite, simply shaping, template post-production amount is little, cut down finished cost and can ensure that template is lightweight, use safety, life-span are long, improve efficiency of construction, be easier to standardization, architecture, suitability for industrialized production, make formwork assembling and disassembling rapidly easy, install firm, efficiency of construction is high, construction cost is low.
Longitudinal reinforced rib in the present invention and horizontal ribs are respectively the approximate trapezoid of hollow and I-shaped, and breadth of section 600mm, bottom is connected with panel, adopts disposable extruded.The second moment of area in cavity type cross section is large, changes vertical supporting into by stressed for the load of template, and cavity type Cross section Design reduces section bar Unit Weight simultaneously.Frame adopts outside concave design, reduces frictional force, provide and move back modular space, facilitate form removable when being convenient to template removing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described in detail.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section of the present invention section bar.
Fig. 2 is the cross section structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the unit template structure of aluminum alloy mould plate of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the side-looking structural representation of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of horizontal ribs.
Fig. 6 is the cross section structure schematic diagram of Fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of bight boss.
Reference numeral: the longitudinal side frame of 1-aluminium alloys heterotype profiled sheet, 1.1-, 1.11-first module splicing hole, 1.2-longitudinal reinforced rib, 1.21-waist, 1.22-upper base, 1.23-are gone to the bottom, the horizontal ribs of 1.3-rectangular panel, 2-, 2.1-base plate, 2.2-side plate, 2.3-top board, 2.31-flanging, 3-cross side frame, 3.1-second unit splicing hole, 4-bight boss, 5-chamfering.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment is see shown in Fig. 1-2, a kind of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section section bar, be integrated extruded aluminium alloys heterotype profiled sheet 1, this aluminium alloys heterotype profiled sheet 1 is the cell body formed by longitudinal side frame 1.1 three that rectangular panel 1.3 is relative with two of back side of panel, and the longitudinal reinforced rib 1.2 that the bottom land of this cell body is arranged is formed, described longitudinal reinforced rib 1.2 arranges between two parties together or is divided equally in cell body space and arranges more than twice, longitudinal reinforced rib 1.2 is contour isometric with longitudinal side frame 1.1, the cross section of longitudinal reinforced rib 1.2 is the special-shaped quadrangle of hollow, this special-shaped quadrangle is approximate trapezoid, two trapezoidal waist 1.21 infoldings make trapezoidal upper base 1.22 and two waists at a right angle, trapezoidal going to the bottom 1.23 is connected with the back side of panel, go to the bottom and 1.23 to be connected by chamfering 5 with two waists.
Shown in Fig. 3-4, a kind of unit template structure of aluminum alloy mould plate, comprise above-described aluminium alloys heterotype profiled sheet 1, horizontal ribs 2, cross side frame 3 and bight boss 4, the cross section of described horizontal ribs 2 is C shape, comprise base plate 2.1, side plate 2.2 and top board 2.3, the termination of described top board 2.3 is given prominence to side plate 2.2 and is bent downwardly and forms flanging 2.31, described horizontal ribs 2 is contour with longitudinal reinforced rib 1.2, both intersection area is composed of a fixed connection grid, two ends and longitudinal side frame 1.1 of horizontal ribs 2 are connected and fixed, the base plate 2.1 of horizontal ribs 2 is connected and fixed with back side of panel.
Described horizontal ribs 2 is longitudinally distributed on panel, the horizontal ribs 2 of per pass all by being fixed on waist 1.21 both sides of longitudinal reinforced rib 1.2, one group of short rib of the alignment that is in line forms, the shape at the link position place of short rib and longitudinal reinforced rib 1.2 and the outline of waist 1.21 adapt.
In the present embodiment, longitudinal reinforced rib 1.2 be arranged in parallel twice, and horizontal ribs 2 be arranged in parallel seven roads, 20 short ribs totally.The horizontal ribs in seven roads is longitudinally uniform.
Shown in Fig. 4 and 7, described bight boss 4 is trapezoidal boss, and two trapezoidal hypotenuses 4.1 are fixedly connected on the bight that longitudinal side frame 1.1, cross side frame 3 and trapezoidal panel 1.3 intersect between two respectively.
The lateral surface of described longitudinal side frame 1.1 is concave inward structure, and interval has first module splicing hole 1.11 along its length.
The lateral surface of described cross side frame 3 is concave inward structure, and interval has second unit splicing hole 3.1 along its length.
Described concave inward structure is trapezoidal or rectangle.The present invention is trapezoidal.
The diameter in splicing hole is 16.5mm, so that when model sheetinstallat, is fixed by connecting.
Described aluminium alloys heterotype profiled sheet 1, cross side frame 3, horizontal ribs 2 and bight boss 4 are welding when connecting between two.Ensure that template can bear the construction load in concrete construction.
The lateral dimension of the unit template structure of this aluminum alloy mould plate arranges longitudinal reinforced rib 1 when being 250mm-300mm, arranges longitudinal reinforced rib 2 when lateral dimension is 450mm-600mm.
Longitudinal side frame height 65mm, thickness 8mm, trapezoidal indent 2.5mm, the indent design principal security of frame reduces the contact area between Form board frame when form removal, ensure that template is removed smoothly.The upper end width of described longitudinal reinforced rib is 20mm, lower end width width 50mm, height 61mm, wall thickness 3mm.Rectangular panel thickness is 4mm.
Described aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section section bar is by aluminium alloy extruded shaping, and extruded length, according to processing template specification, does not limit by structure.Described cross side frame is extruded by shape of peripheral frame, and cross side frame is same with longitudinal side frame is provided with trapezoidal concave inward structure, but is highly 61.5mm.Described horizontal ribs is extruded by cross rib section bar, with aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section section bar by set size carry out installation fix.Described bight boss is by aluminium sheet punch forming.
As calculated and finite element analysis, this template is when using as wall form, story height scope meets design requirement when being no more than 3.6m completely, its cross rib is arranged as the horizontal ribs of uniform 7 groups of 21 C shapes, the horizontal ribs of C shape and frame and longitudinal reinforced rib are welded and fixed, and adopt that staggered intermittent is soldered to be connect with rectangular panel.The upper and lower symmetric design of C shape cross rib can be used as handle use when template carrying or dismounting template.This template width size 600mm, height 2400mm, single form weight is no more than 28kg, can realize a dead lift in constructing.

Claims (10)

1. an aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section section bar, be integrated extruded aluminium alloys heterotype profiled sheet (1), it is characterized in that: this aluminium alloys heterotype profiled sheet (1) is the cell body formed by longitudinal side frame (1.1) three that rectangular panel (1.3) is relative with two of back side of panel, and the longitudinal reinforced rib (1.2) that the bottom land of this cell body is arranged is formed, described longitudinal reinforced rib (1.2) arranges between two parties together or is divided equally in cell body space and arranges more than twice, longitudinal reinforced rib (1.2) is contour isometric with longitudinal side frame (1.1), the cross section of longitudinal reinforced rib (1.2) is the special-shaped quadrangle of hollow, this special-shaped quadrangle is approximate trapezoid, trapezoidal two waists (1.21) infolding makes trapezoidal upper base (1.22) and two waists at a right angle, trapezoidal go to the bottom (1.23) are connected with the back side of panel, go to the bottom (1.23) and two waists are connected by chamfering (5).
2. one kind comprises the unit template structure of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section according to claim 1 section bar, it is characterized in that: also comprise horizontal ribs (2), cross side frame (3) and bight boss (4), the cross section of described horizontal ribs (2) is C shape, comprise base plate (2.1), side plate (2.2) and top board (2.3), the termination of described top board (2.3) is given prominence to side plate (2.2) and is bent downwardly and forms flanging (2.31), described horizontal ribs (2) is contour with longitudinal reinforced rib (1.2), both intersection area is composed of a fixed connection grid, two ends and longitudinal side frame (1.1) of horizontal ribs (2) are connected and fixed, the base plate (2.1) of horizontal ribs (2) is connected and fixed with back side of panel.
3. the unit template structure of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section according to claim 2 section bar, it is characterized in that: described horizontal ribs (2) is longitudinally distributed on panel, the horizontal ribs (2) of per pass all by being fixed on waist (1.21) both sides of longitudinal reinforced rib (1.2), one group of short rib of the alignment that is in line forms, the shape at the link position place of short rib and longitudinal reinforced rib (1.2) and the outline of waist (1.21) adapt.
4. the unit template structure of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section according to claim 2 section bar, is characterized in that: the C shape opening of described horizontal ribs (2) is towards identical or different.
5. the unit template structure of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section according to claim 2 section bar, it is characterized in that: described bight boss (4) is trapezoidal boss, two trapezoidal hypotenuses (4.1) are fixedly connected on the bight that longitudinal side frame (1.1), cross side frame (3) and trapezoidal panel (1.3) intersect between two respectively.
6. the unit template structure of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section according to claim 2 section bar, is characterized in that: the lateral surface of described longitudinal side frame (1.1) is concave inward structure, and interval has first module splicing hole (1.11) along its length.
7. the unit template structure of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section according to claim 2 section bar, is characterized in that: the lateral surface of described cross side frame (3) is concave inward structure, and interval has second unit splicing hole (3.1) along its length.
8. the unit template structure of the aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section section bar according to claim 6 or 7, is characterized in that: described concave inward structure is trapezoidal or rectangle.
9. the unit template structure of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section according to claim 2 section bar, is characterized in that: be welding when described aluminium alloys heterotype profiled sheet (1), cross side frame (3), horizontal ribs (2) and bight boss (4) connect between two.
10. the unit template structure of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section according to claim 2 section bar, it is characterized in that: longitudinal reinforced rib 1 is set when the lateral dimension of the unit template structure of this aluminum alloy mould plate is 250mm-300mm, longitudinal reinforced rib 2 is set when lateral dimension is 450mm-600mm.
CN201510730417.8A 2015-11-02 2015-11-02 A kind of aluminum alloy mould plate trapezoid cross section section bar and its unit template structure CN105421761B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107023157A (en) * 2017-02-01 2017-08-08 金美华 The convenient lightweight building template carried and connected

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2006057145A1 (en) * 2004-11-25 2006-06-01 Mitsuo Sasaki Form structure
CN201162344Y (en) * 2008-03-11 2008-12-10 成都市将军碑建筑模板有限公司 Wide surface combination steel form plate
CN203213583U (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-09-25 湖北焜博金属模板有限责任公司 Aluminum alloy wall column floor template
CN103850433A (en) * 2012-12-04 2014-06-11 深圳市特辰科技股份有限公司 Aluminium alloy building formwork
CN203977851U (en) * 2014-07-19 2014-12-03 梁尧忠 Aluminum alloy pattern plate for building

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2006057145A1 (en) * 2004-11-25 2006-06-01 Mitsuo Sasaki Form structure
CN201162344Y (en) * 2008-03-11 2008-12-10 成都市将军碑建筑模板有限公司 Wide surface combination steel form plate
CN103850433A (en) * 2012-12-04 2014-06-11 深圳市特辰科技股份有限公司 Aluminium alloy building formwork
CN203213583U (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-09-25 湖北焜博金属模板有限责任公司 Aluminum alloy wall column floor template
CN203977851U (en) * 2014-07-19 2014-12-03 梁尧忠 Aluminum alloy pattern plate for building

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107023157A (en) * 2017-02-01 2017-08-08 金美华 The convenient lightweight building template carried and connected

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