CN105414326A - Automatic production line for extruding nonferrous metal wire into cylindrical housing - Google Patents

Automatic production line for extruding nonferrous metal wire into cylindrical housing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105414326A
CN105414326A CN201610001637.1A CN201610001637A CN105414326A CN 105414326 A CN105414326 A CN 105414326A CN 201610001637 A CN201610001637 A CN 201610001637A CN 105414326 A CN105414326 A CN 105414326A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
station
blank
guide cylinder
wire rod
punch
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610001637.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105414326B (en
Inventor
叶光昱
崔连森
武剑
徐泽祥
王镇
Original Assignee
沧州惠邦机电产品制造有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201610001637.1A priority Critical patent/CN105414326B/en
Publication of CN105414326A publication Critical patent/CN105414326A/en
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Publication of CN105414326B publication Critical patent/CN105414326B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D35/00Combined processes according to or processes combined with methods covered by groups B21D1/00 - B21D31/00
    • B21D35/002Processes combined with methods covered by groups B21D1/00 - B21D31/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D22/00Shaping without cutting, by stamping, spinning, or deep-drawing
    • B21D22/20Deep-drawing
    • B21D22/22Deep-drawing with devices for holding the edge of the blanks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D24/00Special deep-drawing arrangements in, or in connection with, presses
    • B21D24/16Additional equipment in association with the tools, e.g. for shearing, for trimming
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D37/00Tools as parts of machines covered by this subclass
    • B21D37/18Lubricating, e.g. lubricating tool and workpiece simultaneously
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/006Feeding elongated articles, such as tubes, bars, or profiles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D45/00Ejecting or stripping-off devices arranged in machines or tools dealt with in this subclass
    • B21D45/02Ejecting devices
    • B21D45/04Ejecting devices interrelated with motion of tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J5/00Methods for forging, hammering, or pressing; Special equipment or accessories therefor
    • B21J5/06Methods for forging, hammering, or pressing; Special equipment or accessories therefor for performing particular operations
    • B21J5/08Upsetting

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic production line for extruding nonferrous metal wires into cylindrical housings, and relates to the technical field of metal housing manufacturing devices. The production line comprises a wire straightening shut-off mechanism, a secondary transmission coating mechanism, a blank sorting pushing mechanism, a mould punch forming mechanism, and a pushing stripping mechanism in sequence. Each mechanism is joined in sequence. Application apparatuses of the production line is few, power consumption is low, utilization rate of raw materials is high, and production cost is greatly reduced, and the production line has very high automation degree, and production is continuous.

Description

A kind of non-ferrous metal wire rod is squeezed into the automatic assembly line of cylindrical case

Technical field

The present invention relates to metal shell producing device technical field.

Background technology

In current plant produced and correlation technique data are introduced, diameter of phi 5-Φ 20 millimeters, the parts such as the sensor highly in 60 millimeters and capacitor case, processing technology is conventionally: raw material adopt hot-rolled and cold-rolled plate or band, forcing press makes of drawing or extrusion die, this kind of process application equipment is many, the consumption energy is many, raw-material utilization rate is 65%-70%, in order to overcome the high shortcoming of existing production technology cost, we adopt wire rod to make shell, and raw-material utilization rate reaches 96%.Such as: 1 ton of thickness is 0.4mm aluminium sheet, Φ 10 × 22 capacitor case 99.69 ten thousand can be made; 1 ton of diameter is Φ 9-Φ 9.5mm aluminum steel, makes same size capacitor case 147.24 ten thousand.In addition, analyze: sheet material or band from raw material manufacturer, rolling cost is about 1000 yuan per ton, and drawing 1 ton of wire rod cost is about 200 yuan.By contrast, the existing mode of production, production cost is high.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide the automatic assembly line that a kind of non-ferrous metal wire rod is squeezed into cylindrical case, and this production line application equipment is few, consumes the energy few, raw-material utilization rate is high, greatly reduce production cost, and there is very high automaticity, produce continuously.

For solving the problem, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is: a kind of non-ferrous metal wire rod is squeezed into the automatic assembly line of cylindrical case, this production line comprises wire rod straightening, cutting mechanism successively, secondary drive coating mechanism, blank go-on-go delivery device, mould punching shaping mechanism and propelling movement shedding mechanism, each mechanism described successively order is connected, described wire rod straightening, cutting mechanism comprises the guide cylinder for aligning wire rod and is positioned at the cutting knife of the guide cylinder port of export for cutting off, described secondary drive coating mechanism comprises the batch (-type) conveying conveyer belt accepted with the guide cylinder port of export, at the centrifugal vibrating bunker that the end of conveying conveyer belt is for smearing lubricant to blank, described cutting knife and conveying conveyer belt are by means of the first press motion, described blank go-on-go delivery device comprises tractive magnet charging tray for go-on-go blank and reciprocating scraping wings, the discharging opening of tractive magnet charging tray connects conveying slideway, the end of described conveying slideway is provided with reciprocating scraping wings, described mould punching shaping mechanism comprises four station punch, four station dies suitable with four station punch and make blank convert four station rotary clamps of station successively for clamping blank, described reciprocating scraping wings, four station rotary clamps, four station punch are synchronized with the movement under the driving of the second forcing press.

Preferably, described guide cylinder is horizontally disposed, aligning cylinder is provided with successively to the port of export from the entrance point of guide cylinder, first ball clamper, second ball clamper, the aligning passage in described aligning cylinder axle center and the endoporus of the first ball clamper and the second ball clamper align mutually, described aligning cylinder can move in the horizontal direction and have the first back-moving spring in its outer cover, described first back-moving spring is between aligning cylinder and guide cylinder, end and the deck contact internal walls being fixed on guide cylinder entrance point of described first back-moving spring, described first ball clamper is fixed in the first bearing, described second ball clamper is fixed in the second bearing, the inwall of described first bearing and guide cylinder is slidably connected, described second bearing is fixed at the outlet side of guide cylinder, the side of described first bearing contacts with the medial extremity of aligning cylinder and aligns cylinder horizontal movement for ejection, on the upside of described guide cylinder, outer wall is provided with opening, the first wedge moved back and forth up and down by means of the first forcing press is provided with above guide cylinder, first bearing is provided with the inclined-plane coordinated with the first wedge, described first wedge coordinates driving first bearing to move in the horizontal direction through the opening on guide cylinder with the inclined-plane on the first bearing, described cutting knife side is connected with the first elastomer, described first elastomer bottom is connected with the first briquetting, the described lower surface of the first briquetting flushes with the blade of cutting knife, described first elastomer is between cutting knife and the port of export of guide cylinder, load bearing seat is provided with in the below of briquetting, the second elastomer that top is connected with the second briquetting is provided with in the below of cutting knife, the blade of described cutting knife coordinates with the drift angle of load bearing seat and cuts wire rod, described first wedge, cutting knife, conveying conveyer belt is synchronized with the movement by means of the first forcing press.

Preferably, circulating structure is formed after described conveying conveyer belt walks around driving wheel, directive wheel and driven pulley respectively, conveying conveyer belt is evenly provided with pulp-collecting box along its bearing of trend, described driving wheel is connected with freewheel clutch, the rocking bar of described freewheel clutch is connected with the first forcing press by reciprocating pull bar, described centrifugal vibrating bunker is built with lubricant, and the sidewall of described centrifugal vibrating bunker is provided with discharge valve.

Preferably, described tractive magnet charging tray comprises the charging tray disk body at top, the charging tray support at middle part and the tractive magnet for driving charging tray disk body to rotate, the charging tray base of bottom, the inwall of described charging tray disk body is provided with the spiral material road spiraling and rise, be provided with in spiral material road and only allow a go-on-go block of specifying the blank of size to pass through, the outer wall that the terminal discharge mouth in described spiral material road is positioned at charging tray disk body is connected with conveying slideway, described conveying slideway is Zhi Liao road, the end of described conveying slideway is the reciprocating scraping wings for blank being pushed to mould punching shaping mechanism, described reciprocating scraping wings is moved by the second wedge be connected with the second forcing press.

Preferably, described four station punch are followed successively by the prefabricated punch of upsetting pressure, anti-extrusion punch, deburring punch and punch of leaving a blank in advance, described four station dies are followed successively by and that up and down align upsetting pressure prefabricated die suitable with four station punch, anti-extrusion die, deburring die and die of leaving a blank in advance, stripper is equipped with above the prefabricated die of described upsetting pressure and anti-extrusion die, the prefabricated die bottom of described upsetting pressure is also provided with knock-pin, the cross-shaped symmetrical clamp of described four station rotary clamps for being made up of four unit clamps, described unit clamp comprises two by means of the clip-on clamp of spring, the inner side edge of each clamp is equipped with two semicircular breach, four semicircular indentations on two clamps can be buckled into two full circle jaws mutually, two described full circle jaws are respectively the material folding mouth of end and the extension mouth at middle part, material folding mouth on described four unit clamps and the top mouth of four station dies align mutually, described four station punch are positioned on convex mould base, convex mould base is provided with the cone body rod simultaneously aligned mutually with four extension mouths on four unit clamps, described four unit clamps are by means of the vertical shaft rotating at center, four station punch often press down once then four unit clamps and namely rotate 90 degree and convert a station.

Preferably, described vertical shaft is connected with the first transmission shaft driven vertically arranged by Geneva wheel Geneva gear, described first power transmission shaft is in transmission connection by umbrella tooth and horizontally disposed second driving shaft, and described second driving shaft is connected by the centre-crank shaft of chain with the second forcing press.

Preferably, described propelling movement shedding mechanism comprises finished product scraping wings, material mouth place is leaked in the bottom that described finished product scraping wings is positioned at deburring die, and described finished product scraping wings moves by means of the 3rd wedge be connected with the second forcing press, and described finished product scraping wings is also connected with the second back-moving spring.

The beneficial effect adopting technique scheme to produce is: this production line achieves continuously uninterrupted production, and automaticity is very high, and adopts metal wire rod to be raw materials for production, and production cost is very low, and efficiency is high, and raw-material utilization rate is high.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of wire rod straightening cutting machine structure in the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of secondary drive coating mechanism in the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of blank go-on-go delivery device in the present invention;

Fig. 4 is mould punching shaping mechanism and the structural representation pushing shedding mechanism;

Fig. 5 is the plan structure schematic diagram of four station dies and four station rotary clamps;

Fig. 6 is the syndeton schematic diagram that the second forcing press drives vertical shaft rotating.

Wherein, 1, guide cylinder, 2, cutting knife, 3, conveying conveyer belt, 4, centrifugal vibrating bunker, 5, reciprocating scraping wings, 6, conveying slideway, 7, aligning cylinder, 8, first ball clamper, 9, second ball clamper, 10, first back-moving spring, 11, deck, 12, first bearing, 13, second bearing, 14, first wedge, 15, first elastomer, 16, first briquetting, 17, load bearing seat, 18, second briquetting, 19, second elastomer, 20, driving wheel, 21, directive wheel, 22, driven pulley, 23, pulp-collecting box, 24, freewheel clutch, 25, reciprocating pull bar, 26, discharge valve, 27, charging tray disk body, 28, charging tray support, 29, tractive magnet, 30, charging tray base, 31, spiral material road, 32, go-on-go block, 33, second wedge, 34, the prefabricated punch of upsetting pressure, 35, anti-extrusion punch, 36, deburring punch, 37, the prefabricated die of upsetting pressure, 38, anti-extrusion die, 39, deburring die, 40, stripper, 41, knock-pin, 42, clamp, 43, material folding mouth, 44, extension mouth, 45, convex mould base, 46, cone body rod, 47, vertical shaft, 48, first power transmission shaft, 49, umbrella tooth, 50, second driving shaft, 51, centre-crank shaft, 52, finished product scraping wings, 53, 3rd wedge, 54, second back-moving spring.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further detailed explanation: a kind of non-ferrous metal wire rod is squeezed into the automatic assembly line of cylindrical case as Figure 1-5, this production line comprises wire rod straightening, cutting mechanism successively, secondary drive coating mechanism, blank go-on-go delivery device, mould punching shaping mechanism and propelling movement shedding mechanism, each mechanism described successively order is connected, described wire rod straightening, cutting mechanism comprises the guide cylinder 1 for aligning wire rod and is positioned at the cutting knife 2 of guide cylinder 1 port of export for cutting off, described secondary drive coating mechanism comprises the batch (-type) conveying conveyer belt 3 accepted with guide cylinder 1 port of export, at the centrifugal vibrating bunker 4 that the end of conveying conveyer belt 3 is for smearing lubricant to blank, described cutting knife 2 and conveying conveyer belt 3 are by means of the first press motion, described blank go-on-go delivery device comprises tractive magnet charging tray for go-on-go blank and reciprocating scraping wings 5, the discharging opening of tractive magnet charging tray connects conveying slideway 6, the end of described conveying slideway 6 is provided with reciprocating scraping wings 5, described mould punching shaping mechanism comprises four station punch, four station dies suitable with four station punch and make blank convert four station rotary clamps of station successively for clamping blank, described reciprocating scraping wings 5, four station rotary clamps, four station punch are synchronized with the movement under the driving of the second forcing press.

As shown in Figure 1, guide cylinder 1 is horizontally disposed, aligning cylinder 7 is provided with successively from the entrance point of guide cylinder 1 to the port of export, first ball clamper 8, second ball clamper 9, the aligning passage in described aligning cylinder 7 axle center and the endoporus of the first ball clamper 8 and the second ball clamper 9 align mutually, described aligning cylinder 7 can move in the horizontal direction and have the first back-moving spring 10 in its outer cover, described first back-moving spring 10 is between aligning cylinder 7 and guide cylinder 1, end and deck 11 contact internal walls being fixed on guide cylinder 1 entrance point of described first back-moving spring 10, described first ball clamper 8 is fixed in the first bearing 12, described second ball clamper 9 is fixed in the second bearing 13, described first bearing 12 is slidably connected with the inwall of guide cylinder 1, described second bearing 13 is fixed at the outlet side of guide cylinder 1, the side of described first bearing 12 contacts with the medial extremity of aligning cylinder 7 and aligns cylinder 7 horizontal movement for ejection, on the upside of described guide cylinder 1, outer wall is provided with opening, the first wedge 14 moved back and forth up and down by means of the first forcing press is provided with above guide cylinder 1, first bearing 12 is provided with the inclined-plane coordinated with the first wedge 14, described first wedge 14 coordinates driving first bearing 12 to move in the horizontal direction through the opening on guide cylinder 1 with the inclined-plane on the first bearing 12, described cutting knife 2 side is connected with the first elastomer 15, described first elastomer 15 bottom is connected with the first briquetting 16, the lower surface of described first briquetting 16 flushes with the blade of cutting knife 2, described first elastomer 15 is between cutting knife 2 and the port of export of guide cylinder 1, load bearing seat 17 is provided with in the below of the first briquetting 16, the second elastomer 19 that top is connected with the second briquetting 18 is provided with in the below of cutting knife 2, the blade of described cutting knife 2 coordinates with the drift angle of load bearing seat 17 and cuts wire rod, described first wedge 14, cutting knife 2, conveying conveyer belt 3 is synchronized with the movement by means of the first forcing press.

Wire rod straightening, cutting mechanism specific operation process is: be first tucked into by metal wire rod inside the aligning passage aligning cylinder 7 from guide cylinder 1 one end, the use principle of ball clamper is, line body is merely able to when advancing in the endoporus of ball clamper advance to a direction, in time wanting heterodromous, ball wherein can produce very large clamping action to wire rod, make it can not counter motion, first inside artificial endoporus wire rod being tucked into simultaneously two ball clampers, first wedge 14 promotes the first bearing 12 and moves to the right when declining, the second ball clamper 9 wire gripper be now fixedly installed makes it not move right, and the first ball clamper 8 is equivalent to the relative first ball clamper 8 of wire rod to left movement when moving right, so the first ball clamper 8 can not hinder the relative motion of wire rod, when the first wedge 14 rises, first bearing 12 under the effect of the first back-moving spring 10 again to left movement, now the first ball clamper 8 just wire gripper simultaneously to left movement, because wire rod can not move right by counter ball clamper, so now the second ball clamper 9 also can not stop wire rod, wire rod is made to complete motion left, pumping like this along with the first wedge 14, wire rod just moves ahead so that identical size is a section, and stretch out from the port of export, cutting knife 2 acts in agreement with the first wedge 14 and the first forcing press, so often motion is cut off once downwards once joint cutting knife 2, wire rod gradually a section is cut off, first elastomer 15 is connected with cutting knife 2, along with it moves up and down, time downward then the first briquetting 16 pairs of wire rods carry out extruding fix, so that cutting knife 2 cuts off it.

As shown in Figure 2, conveying conveyer belt 3 forms circulating structure after walking around driving wheel 20, directive wheel 21 and driven pulley 22 respectively, conveying conveyer belt 3 is evenly provided with pulp-collecting box 23 along its bearing of trend, described driving wheel 20 is connected with freewheel clutch 24, the rocking bar of described freewheel clutch 24 is connected with the first forcing press by reciprocating pull bar 25, described centrifugal vibrating bunker 4 is built with lubricant, and the sidewall of described centrifugal vibrating bunker 4 is provided with discharge valve 26.

The specific operation process of secondary drive coating mechanism is, when wire rod i.e. blank from cutting knife 2 out time can fall conveying conveyer belt 3 pulp-collecting box 23 above, the driving wheel 20 of conveying conveyer belt 3 is connected with the first forcing press with reciprocating pull bar 25 by freewheel clutch 24, so conveying conveyer belt 3 intermittent movement can be made, realize a pulp-collecting box 23 and receive a blank, so blank can be delivered to inside centrifugal vibrating bunker 4 by conveying conveyer belt 3 one by one, centrifugal vibrating bunker 4 is prior art, it is eccentric vibrating, blank is coated with in inside and spreads lubricant, be beneficial to stamping procedure, difference part is to be provided with discharge valve 26 on the sidewall of centrifugal vibrating bunker 4, the blank lubricated can be sent by it.

As shown in Figure 3, tractive magnet charging tray comprises the charging tray disk body 27 at top, the charging tray support 28 at middle part and the tractive magnet 29 for driving charging tray disk body 27 to rotate, the charging tray base 30 of bottom, the inwall of described charging tray disk body 27 is provided with the spiral material road 31 spiraling and rise, be provided with in spiral material road 31 and only allow a go-on-go block 32 of specifying the blank of size to pass through, the outer wall that the terminal discharge mouth in described spiral material road 31 is positioned at charging tray disk body 27 is connected with conveying slideway 6, described conveying slideway 6 is Zhi Liao road, the end of described conveying slideway 6 is the reciprocating scraping wings 5 for blank being pushed to mould punching shaping mechanism, described reciprocating scraping wings 5 is moved by the second wedge 33 be connected with the second forcing press.

Tractive magnet charging tray is also prior art, charging tray disk body 27 is with spiral material road 31, in drive discharge tray disk body 27 high-speed rotation of tractive magnet 29, blank can enter into spiral material road 31 by centrifugal force, and advance along spiral material road 31, spiral material road 31 is provided with go-on-go block 32, different go-on-go blocks 32 passes through for allowing the blank of different size and number, and incongruent blank can be extruded in spiral material road 31, our go-on-go block 32 used once only allows a blank to pass through, finally enter into conveying slideway 6, and skid off from conveying slideway 6, be reciprocating scraping wings 5 at the end of conveying slideway 6, reciprocating scraping wings 5 is under the driving of the second forcing press by the second wedge 33, the same with the principle of the first bearing 12 and with spring with the first wedge 14, also achieve reciprocating motion, by next first the station place pushing four station dies to of the blank one slided, namely in the prefabricated die 37 of upsetting pressure.

As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, four station punch are followed successively by the prefabricated punch 34 of upsetting pressure, anti-extrusion punch 35, deburring punch 36 and punch of leaving a blank in advance, described four station dies are followed successively by and that up and down align upsetting pressure prefabricated die 37 suitable with four station punch, anti-extrusion die 38, deburring die 39 and die of leaving a blank in advance, stripper 40 is equipped with above the prefabricated die 34 of described upsetting pressure and anti-extrusion die 35, described upsetting pressure prefabricated die 34 bottom is also provided with knock-pin 41, the cross-shaped symmetrical clamp of described four station rotary clamps for being made up of four unit clamps, described unit clamp comprises two by means of the clip-on clamp 42 of spring, the inner side edge of each clamp 42 is equipped with two semicircular breach, four semicircular indentations on two clamps 42 can be buckled into two full circle jaws mutually, two described full circle jaws are respectively the material folding mouth 43 of end and the extension mouth 44 at middle part, material folding mouth 43 on described four unit clamps and the top mouth of four station dies align mutually, described four station punch are positioned on convex mould base 45, convex mould base 45 is provided with the cone body rod 46 simultaneously aligned mutually with four extension mouths 44 on four unit clamps, described four unit clamps rotate by means of the vertical shaft 47 at center, four station punch often press down once then four unit clamps and namely rotate 90 degree and convert a station.

First station is that upsetting pressure is prefabricated, blank is subject to punching press in the prefabricated die 37 of upsetting pressure, form block structure, when the prefabricated punch 34 of upsetting pressure extrudes complete rising time, blank is released by knock-pin 41, the blank bottom that also can stick in the prefabricated punch of upsetting pressure 34 is extracted together along with the prefabricated punch 34 of upsetting pressure sometimes, now just use stripper 40, stripper 40 is with the hole only allowing the prefabricated punch 34 of upsetting pressure to pass through, blank can not by this hole so can get off by strip from here, the effect of each cone body rod 46 is along with the decline of convex mould base can be inserted into inside each extension mouth 44, by two of unit clamp clamps 42 separately, and the length of each cone body rod 46 equals the length of each punch, so when punch extract blank out after blank arrive the position of material folding mouth 43 time cone body rod 46 just in time extract from extension mouth 44, now just in time material folding mouth 43 pairs of blanks clamp, after completing the upsetting pressure of first station, blank can be delivered to next station by the rotation along with unit clamp, i.e. anti-extrusion station, material folding mouth 43 clamps blank and arrives the suitable for reading of anti-extrusion die 38, now convex mould base 45 declines, the cone body rod 46 of this station declines and enters into inside extension mouth 44, unit clamp is opened, material folding mouth 43 unclamps and is fallen by blank, anti-extrusion punch 35 enters in anti-extrusion die 38 simultaneously, blank backward extrusion is become the shell structure of tubular, anti-extrusion die 38 top is equally with stripper 40, same principle, tubular blank is brought into deburring station by unit clamp again, the burr of outer shell barrel are cut away, spill from the bottom of deburring die 39 after cutting away, obtain finished product, finished product is released under the effect of finished product scraping wings 52, finished product scraping wings 52 is moved back and forth under the promotion of the 3rd wedge 53 by the second forcing press, simultaneously with the second back-moving spring 54, also be once release a finished product, reciprocating scraping wings 5 thus, four station rotary clamps, four station punch and finished product scraping wings 52 are all be synchronized with the movement under the driving of the second forcing press, often drive and once obtain a finished shell, realize successively producing, 4th station is reserved idle station, concave-convex mold can be added as required again to process.

As shown in Figure 6, vertical shaft 47 is in transmission connection by Geneva wheel Geneva gear and the first power transmission shaft 48 vertically arranged, described first power transmission shaft 48 is in transmission connection by umbrella tooth 49 and horizontally disposed second driving shaft 50, and described second driving shaft 50 is connected with the centre-crank shaft 51 of the second forcing press by chain.Push shedding mechanism and comprise finished product scraping wings 52, material mouth place is leaked in the bottom that described finished product scraping wings 52 is positioned at deburring die 39, described finished product scraping wings 52 moves by means of the 3rd wedge 53 be connected with the second forcing press, and described finished product scraping wings 52 is also connected with the second back-moving spring 54.Fig. 6 imbody vertical shaft 47 be how to realize under the drive of the second forcing press with other mechanisms synchronous, four station rotary clamps are made once to rotate 90 degree, mainly use Geneva wheel Geneva gear realization, i.e. Geneva mechanism, second forcing press centre-crank shaft 51 rotates a circle, realizes vertical shaft 47 and rotates 1/4th circular arcs.

The beneficial effect adopting technique scheme to produce is: this production line achieves continuously uninterrupted production, and automaticity is very high, and adopts metal wire rod to be raw materials for production, and production cost is very low, and efficiency is high, and raw-material utilization rate is high.

Claims (7)

1. a non-ferrous metal wire rod is squeezed into the automatic assembly line of cylindrical case, it is characterized in that: this production line comprises wire rod straightening, cutting mechanism successively, secondary drive coating mechanism, blank go-on-go delivery device, mould punching shaping mechanism and propelling movement shedding mechanism, each mechanism described successively order is connected, described wire rod straightening, cutting mechanism comprises the guide cylinder (1) for aligning wire rod and is positioned at the cutting knife (2) of guide cylinder (1) port of export for cutting off, described secondary drive coating mechanism comprises the batch (-type) conveying conveyer belt (3) accepted with guide cylinder (1) port of export, at the centrifugal vibrating bunker (4) that the end of conveying conveyer belt (3) is for smearing lubricant to blank, described cutting knife (2) and conveying conveyer belt (3) are by means of the first press motion, described blank go-on-go delivery device comprises tractive magnet charging tray for go-on-go blank and reciprocating scraping wings (5), the discharging opening of tractive magnet charging tray connects conveying slideway (6), the end of described conveying slideway (6) is provided with reciprocating scraping wings (5), described mould punching shaping mechanism comprises four station punch, four station dies suitable with four station punch and make blank convert four station rotary clamps of station successively for clamping blank, described reciprocating scraping wings (5), four station rotary clamps, four station punch are synchronized with the movement under the driving of the second forcing press.
2. a kind of non-ferrous metal wire rod according to claim 1 is squeezed into the automatic assembly line of cylindrical case, it is characterized in that: described guide cylinder (1) is horizontally disposed, aligning cylinder (7) is provided with successively from the entrance point of guide cylinder (1) to the port of export, first ball clamper (8), second ball clamper (9), the aligning passage in described aligning cylinder (7) axle center and the endoporus of the first ball clamper (8) and the second ball clamper (9) align mutually, described aligning cylinder (7) can move in the horizontal direction and have the first back-moving spring (10) in its outer cover, described first back-moving spring (10) is positioned between aligning cylinder (7) and guide cylinder (1), end and deck (11) contact internal walls being fixed on guide cylinder (1) entrance point of described first back-moving spring (10), described first ball clamper (8) is fixed in the first bearing (12), described second ball clamper (9) is fixed in the second bearing (13), described first bearing (12) is slidably connected with the inwall of guide cylinder (1), described second bearing (13) is fixed at the outlet side of guide cylinder (1), the side of described first bearing (12) contacts with the medial extremity of aligning cylinder (7) and aligns cylinder (7) horizontal movement for ejection, described guide cylinder (1) upside outer wall is provided with opening, the first wedge (14) moved back and forth up and down by means of the first forcing press is provided with in the top of guide cylinder (1), first bearing (12) is provided with the inclined-plane coordinated with the first wedge (14), described first wedge (14) coordinates driving first bearing (12) to move in the horizontal direction through the opening on guide cylinder (1) with the inclined-plane on the first bearing (12), described cutting knife (2) side is connected with the first elastomer (15), described first elastomer (15) bottom is connected with the first briquetting (16), the lower surface of described first briquetting (16) flushes with the blade of cutting knife (2), described first elastomer (15) is positioned between the port of export of cutting knife (2) and guide cylinder (1), load bearing seat (17) is provided with in the below of the first briquetting (16), the second elastomer (19) that top is connected with the second briquetting (18) is provided with in the below of cutting knife (2), the blade of described cutting knife (2) coordinates with the drift angle of load bearing seat (17) and cuts wire rod, described first wedge (14), cutting knife (2), conveying conveyer belt (3) is synchronized with the movement by means of the first forcing press.
3. a kind of non-ferrous metal wire rod according to claim 1 is squeezed into the automatic assembly line of cylindrical case, it is characterized in that: described conveying conveyer belt (3) walks around driving wheel (20) respectively, directive wheel (21) and driven pulley (22) form circulating structure afterwards, conveying conveyer belt (3) is evenly provided with pulp-collecting box (23) along its bearing of trend, described driving wheel (20) is connected with freewheel clutch (24), the rocking bar of described freewheel clutch (24) is connected with the first forcing press by reciprocating pull bar (25), described centrifugal vibrating bunker (4) is built with lubricant, the sidewall of described centrifugal vibrating bunker (4) is provided with discharge valve (26).
4. a kind of non-ferrous metal wire rod according to claim 1 is squeezed into the automatic assembly line of cylindrical case, it is characterized in that: described tractive magnet charging tray comprises the charging tray disk body (27) at top, the charging tray support (28) at middle part and the tractive magnet (29) for driving charging tray disk body (27) to rotate, the charging tray base (30) of bottom, the inwall of described charging tray disk body (27) is provided with the spiral material road (31) spiraling and rise, be provided with in spiral material road (31) and only allow a go-on-go block (32) of specifying the blank of size to pass through, the outer wall that the terminal discharge mouth of described spiral material road (31) is positioned at charging tray disk body (27) is connected with conveying slideway (6), described conveying slideway (6) is Zhi Liao road, the end of described conveying slideway (6) is the reciprocating scraping wings (5) for blank being pushed to mould punching shaping mechanism, described reciprocating scraping wings (5) is moved by the second wedge (33) be connected with the second forcing press.
5. a kind of non-ferrous metal wire rod according to claim 1 is squeezed into the automatic assembly line of cylindrical case, it is characterized in that: described four station punch are followed successively by the prefabricated punch of upsetting pressure (34), anti-extrusion punch (35), deburring punch (36) and punch of leaving a blank in advance, described four station dies are followed successively by and that up and down align upsetting pressure prefabricated die (37) suitable with four station punch, anti-extrusion die (38), deburring die (39) and die of leaving a blank in advance, the prefabricated die of described upsetting pressure (34) and anti-extrusion die (35) top are equipped with stripper (40), the prefabricated die of described upsetting pressure (34) bottom is also provided with knock-pin (41), the cross-shaped symmetrical clamp of described four station rotary clamps for being made up of four unit clamps, described unit clamp comprises two by means of the clip-on clamp of spring (42), the inner side edge of each clamp (42) is equipped with two semicircular breach, four semicircular indentations on two clamps (42) can be buckled into two full circle jaws mutually, two described full circle jaws are respectively the material folding mouth (43) of end and the extension mouth (44) at middle part, material folding mouth (43) on described four unit clamps aligns mutually with the top mouth of four station dies, described four station punch are positioned on convex mould base (45), convex mould base (45) is provided with the cone body rod (46) simultaneously aligned mutually with four extension mouths (44) on four unit clamps, described four unit clamps rotate by means of the vertical shaft (47) at center, four station punch often press down once then four unit clamps and namely rotate 90 degree and convert a station.
6. a kind of non-ferrous metal wire rod according to claim 5 is squeezed into the automatic assembly line of cylindrical case, it is characterized in that: described vertical shaft (47) is in transmission connection by Geneva wheel Geneva gear and the first power transmission shaft (48) vertically arranged, described first power transmission shaft (48) is in transmission connection by umbrella tooth (49) and horizontally disposed second driving shaft (50), and described second driving shaft (50) is connected with the centre-crank shaft (51) of the second forcing press by chain.
7. a kind of non-ferrous metal wire rod according to claim 5 is squeezed into the automatic assembly line of cylindrical case, it is characterized in that: described propelling movement shedding mechanism comprises finished product scraping wings (52), material mouth place is leaked in the bottom that described finished product scraping wings (52) is positioned at deburring die (39), described finished product scraping wings (52) is moved by means of the 3rd wedge (53) be connected with the second forcing press, and described finished product scraping wings (52) is also connected with the second back-moving spring (54).
CN201610001637.1A 2016-01-05 2016-01-05 A kind of non-ferrous metal wire rod is squeezed into the automatic assembly line of cylindrical case CN105414326B (en)

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