CN105404005A - Head-mounted display for augmented reality - Google Patents

Head-mounted display for augmented reality Download PDF

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CN105404005A
CN105404005A CN 201510929844 CN201510929844A CN105404005A CN 105404005 A CN105404005 A CN 105404005A CN 201510929844 CN201510929844 CN 201510929844 CN 201510929844 A CN201510929844 A CN 201510929844A CN 105404005 A CN105404005 A CN 105404005A
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user
head
augmented reality
image
head mount
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CN 201510929844
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Chinese (zh)
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蒯正玲
周三龙
翟婷婷
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合肥虔视光电科技有限公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/01Head-up displays
    • G02B27/017Head mounted
    • G02B27/0172Head mounted characterised by optical features
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/01Head-up displays
    • G02B27/0101Head-up displays characterised by optical features
    • G02B2027/0138Head-up displays characterised by optical features comprising image capture systems, e.g. camera
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/01Head-up displays
    • G02B27/017Head mounted
    • G02B2027/0178Eyeglass type, eyeglass details G02C

Abstract

The invention discloses a head-mounted display for augmented reality. The head-mounted display comprises an optical part configured to inject imaging light to eye pupils of a user to form a picture; a support part which supports the optical part and is worn on the head of the user; and a shooting part configured to shoot a 360-degree panorama image by taking the user as a center and transmitting the image to the optical part. The head-mounted display for augmented reality has the following advantages: by use of the principle of multiple reflection, images on such image sources as an OLED, an LCOS and the like are projected to human eyes, at the same time, light from an external environment is not shielded from penetration into the human eyes, and thus the head-mounted display has a see-through feature.

Description

用于増强现实的头戴显示器 Head-mounted displays for the enlargement of the strong reality

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种头戴显示器,尤其是用于增强现实的头戴显示器。 [0001] The present invention relates to a head mount display, in particular for augmented reality head-mounted display.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 人们在日常生活中通过人体各个感官,尤其是眼睛获得外部大量外部环境信息,这些信息传入到大脑后大脑对其进行处理,然后得出决策指导人体行为方式。 [0002] people in their daily lives through the various senses human body, especially the eyes get a lot of outside external environment information, which passed to the brain after the brain processes it, and then come to the decision-making guide human behavior. 时至今日,夕卜部的信息越来越多元,只用人脑来处理已经稍显不够,于是人们就开始随身携带平板电脑、手机等电子产品以帮助自己处理日渐增多的信息。 Today, the Ministry of Information Xi Bu more and more diverse, only slightly human brain has to deal with is not enough, so people began to carry tablet PCs, mobile phones and other electronic products to help them deal with the growing number of information. 但是,这些设备仍然有着一些功能上和用户体验上的限制。 However, these devices still have some limited functionality on and user experience. 试想,如果我们能够把移动信息处理设备直接戴在眼睛前,这些设备获得外部信息后直接对其进行处理,然后将处理得到的结果直接显示于人眼前,它将更方便快捷地指导人们的行动与决策,这就是可穿戴式智能设备头戴显示器。 Just think, if we can put a mobile information processing device worn directly in front of your eyes, these external devices to obtain information directly process them, and then deal with the results obtained directly displayed in front of people, it will be more convenient and efficient to guide people's actions and decision-making, which is wearable smart devices head-mounted displays.

[0003] 头戴显示器根据其应用场合可以分为两种。 [0003] The head-mounted display which can be divided into two kinds of application. 一种是用于增强现实(AugmentedReality)的穿透式(See-through)显示器,另一种是用于虚拟现实(Virtual Reality)的非穿透式(Non-see-through)显示器。 One is used to enhance the transmissive reality (AugmentedReality) a (See-through) display, and the other is used for virtual reality (Virtual Reality) non-transmissive (Non-see-through) displays. 当用户佩戴增强现实的头戴式显示器时,可以观察到头戴显示器内部像源上的图像,同时还可以看到外部环境;该像源上的图像可以是对外部环境的补充与说明,能够提升用户的判断力,方便用户的生活。 When a user wears augmented reality head-mounted display, a head mount can be observed inside the display image on the source image, and can also see an external environment; an image on the image source may be supplemented with the description of the external environment, can be enhance the user's discretion, user-friendly life. 用户佩戴虚拟现实显示器时,外部场景光线不能够穿透设备进入人眼,只能观察到内部像源上显示的图像,故称其为“非穿透式显示器”;其特点在于其光学系统视场角很大,对该图像加以严格的设定,就可以在人眼前营造出具体的场景,使得用户有沉浸于该环境中的感觉。 When the user wears virtual reality display, light can not penetrate the external scene into the eye the device can only be observed as an image displayed on an internal source, so called "non-transmissive display"; characterized in that the optical system depends large field angle, the image is set to be strict, you can create a specific scene in front of people, so that users have immersed in this environment feel.

[0004] 中国专利“头戴式显示器”(CN 103217791 A)提出了一种包括显示部、支撑部和输入操作单元的头戴式显示器,此显示器是一种眼镜式的装置,可实现显示装置的可穿戴化,能够在人眼前显示预设的图像。 [0004] Chinese patent "head mounted display" (CN 103217791 A) proposes a head-mounted display comprising a display portion, a support portion and an input operating unit, which is a glasses type display apparatus, the display device can be realized wearable technology, preset image can be displayed in front of people. 头戴显示器的核心在于其光学系统,即如何实现光线从像源进入人眼而又不遮挡外部环境光线。 The core of the head mount display in its optical system, i.e., how the light from the image source into the eye without external shield ambient light. 该装置利用的是全息衍射光栅偏折光线和导光板传播光线的方式,实现了装置的“可穿透式显示”特性。 The apparatus utilizes the hologram diffraction grating deflects the light guide plate and the light propagation mode, achieved a "transmissive display can be" device characteristics.

[0005] 美国专利“WEARABLE DISPLAY APPARARUS”(US20150192777A1)提出了一种利用光波导传播光线的头戴显示器,此显示器同样也是一种眼镜式的装置,除了其特有的外形工业设计、控制电路和算法,其光学系统中的像源斜置于光波导侧边,发出的光线在导光板中经过几次平面镜的反射,最终由一块非球面对称的反射面反射进入人眼。 [0005] U.S. Pat "WEARABLE DISPLAY APPARARUS" (US20150192777A1) proposes a light propagating the optical waveguide of the head-mounted display, this is also an eyeglass-type display apparatus, in addition to its unique shape industrial design, control circuits, and algorithm , as the source of its optical system disposed oblique sides of the optical waveguide, the light emitted after several reflecting plane mirror, and ultimately by a symmetric aspheric reflective surface reflecting light entering the light guide plate in the eye. 实现了该装置的“可穿透式显示”的特性。 The device implements "may transmissive display" features.

[0006] 在“ The use of opt ical waveguides in Head Up Di sp 1 ay (HUD)applicati〇nS”(SPIE 87360E 1 2013)中提出了使用两块或者一块光波导作为光线传输介质,在光波导中加入全息元件用来控制光束的传播方向,并提出使用LED照射下的数字微透镜器件作为光源和投影图像源,能够极大地减小头戴式显示器等此类装置的体积与复杂度,提高光线传播过程中的衍射效率和投影图像的对比度。 [0006] In the proposed "The use of opt ical waveguides in Head Up Di sp 1 ay (HUD) applicati〇nS" (SPIE 87360E 1 2013) using one or two light waveguide as a transmission medium, the optical waveguide the hologram element is added to control the propagation direction of the beam, and a digital micro-lens device proposed in the illumination using an LED as a light source and a projection image source, capable of greatly reducing the volume and complexity of such a head-mounted display device and the like, to improve the light diffraction efficiency and contrast of the projected image during propagation.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种用于增强现实的头戴显示器,利用多次反射原理,将诸如0LED和LC0S等像源上的图像投射入人眼,同时不遮挡外部环境的光线进入人眼的具有see-through特性。 [0007] The present invention is to solve the technical problem of providing a head-mounted display for augmented reality, using the principle of multiple reflection, the image is projected into the eye and LC0S 0LED other sources such as, but not to block the external environment the light entering the human eye having see-through characteristic.

[0008] 本发明是通过以下技术方案来实现的。 [0008] The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions.

[0009] 一种用于增强现实的头戴显示器,包括: [0009] A method for augmented reality head-mounted display, comprising:

[0010] 光学部件,设置为将成像光线射入用户眼瞳内构成画面的配置; [0010] The optical member, arranged to image light incident on the user's eye pupil configuration screen configuration;

[0011] 摄像部件,设置为以用户为中心摄取360°的全景镜像并输送至上述光学部件的配置; [0011] the imaging member is set to a user-centered pickup 360 ° panoramic image and conveyed to the configuration of the optical member;

[0012] 支撑部件,支撑上述光学部件、上述摄像部件并佩戴在用户头部。 [0012] support member supporting the optical member, and the imaging device worn on the user's head.

[0013] 进一步地,上述光学部件包括: [0013] Further, the optical member comprising:

[0014] 像源,接收摄像部件的信号并发出光线; [0014] the image source, the imaging signal receiving means and emit light;

[0015] 折光棱镜,接收上述像源发出的光线并将光线射入用户眼瞳内构成画面。 [0015] refractive prism receives the light emitted from the image source and the light incident on the eye pupil user configuration screen.

[0016] 进一步地,上述折光棱镜包括: [0016] Further, the refraction prism comprises:

[0017] 平面折返面,上述像源发出的光线被上述平面折返面折射进入折光棱镜; [0017] folded flat surface, like the above-described light source is emitted from the flat folded refractive surface refracts into prism;

[0018] 多个反射面,进入上述折光棱镜内的光线由多个上述反射面以及上述平面折返面多次折叠反射后,由上述平面折返面折射射入用户眼瞳内。 [0018] The plurality of reflection surfaces, the light entering the refractive prism and a plurality of the reflecting surface of the planar folded surface folded after multiple reflection, refracted by the incident surface of the flat folded users eye pupil.

[0019] 进一步地,多个上述反射面为自由曲面的非常规曲面。 [0019] Further, a plurality of the reflecting surface of the free curved surface unconventional.

[0020] 进一步地,多个上述反射面为非球面、自由曲面、扩展双二次曲面中的任意一种或任意多种。 [0020] Further, a plurality of aspherical reflecting surfaces, the free surface, any one or any more extended biquadratic RECONSTRUCTION.

[0021] 进一步地,上述光学部件还包括: [0021] Further, the optical member further comprises:

[0022] 补偿镜,与上述折光棱镜无间隙拼合构成前后表面相互平行的光学镜,外部环境的光线通过上述补偿镜以及上述折光棱镜射入用户眼瞳内。 [0022] compensation mirror, and the refractive prism without a gap above the split surfaces parallel to each other before and after the configuration of the optical mirror, the light in the external environment via the compensation mirror and said refractive prism user enters the eye pupil.

[0023] 进一步地,上述支撑部件包括: [0023] Further, the support member comprising:

[0024]镜框; [0024] frame;

[0025] 鼻托,设置在上述镜框正前方; [0025] The nose pad, provided on the front frame;

[0026] 耳挂,设置在上述镜框后防的两端。 [0026] The ear hook provided at both ends of the frame of defense.

[0027] 进一步地,上述摄像部件包括多个摄像头,多个上述摄像头固定在上述支撑部件并覆盖以用户为中心摄取360°的全景。 [0027] Further, the imaging member comprises a plurality of cameras, the plurality of cameras is fixed to the support member and covering the panoramic user-centered uptake of 360 °.

[0028] 进一步地,用于增强现实的头戴显示器还包括控制电路,上述控制电路装载操作系统并与上述摄像部件、光学部件连接。 [0028] Further, for augmented reality head mount display further comprises a control circuit, the control circuit is connected to load the operating system and the imaging member, the optical member.

[0029] 进一步地,用于增强现实的头戴显示器还包括人机交互模块,上述人机交互模块包括: [0029] Further, the head mount display for augmented reality interactive module further comprises the interactive module comprising:

[0030] 面向用户眼瞳的触摸屏; [0030] for a user's eye pupil a touch screen;

[0031] 操作按键; [0031] The operation key;

[0032] 系统开关键。 [0032] the key to open the system.

[0033] 进一步地,用于增强现实的头戴显示器还包括给予用于增强现实的头戴显示器用电单元供电的电源模块。 [0033] Further, for augmented reality head mount display further comprises administering to a power module for augmented reality display headgear power supply unit.

[0034] 本发明的有益效果: [0034] Advantageous effects of the invention:

[0035] 1、本发明提出了一种用于增强现实的头戴显示器,具有可穿透式显示的性质,使用者在观察到重现三维图像的同时,还能看到人眼前方的环境。 [0035] 1, the present invention provides a method for enhancing reality of the head mount display having transmissive properties can be displayed to a user while reproducing the observed three-dimensional image, but also to see the sight side of the environment .

[0036] 2、本发明提出了一种新型的光学系统用于将像源上图像传递进佩戴者眼睛。 [0036] 2, the present invention provides a novel optical system for transmitting image on the source image into the wearer's eye. 该光学系统更为简洁有效,不需要很复杂的透镜系统。 The optical system is more simple and effective, does not require complex lens system.

[0037] 3、本发明在实现双通道显示的同时,还集成了360°全景拍摄摄像机,可以使用户看到自己背后的情景。 [0037] 3, while the present invention is a dual-channel display, the integrated camera 360 ° panoramic photographing, the user can see the scene behind themselves.

[0038] 4、本发明将触摸屏置于眼镜上,不需要其他的附加人机交互设备。 [0038] 4, the present invention is placed on the touch screen glasses, no other additional interactive device.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0039] 图1为本发明用于增强现实的头戴显示器的总体结构示意图; [0039] Figure 1 is a schematic view of the invention for the overall structure of the head mount display enhanced reality;

[0040] 图2为本发明用于增强现实的头戴显示器其中折光棱镜与补偿镜分开时的结构示意图; [0040] FIG. 2 for the head mount display of the present invention, a schematic structural view of the prism and the refractive separate compensation mirror wherein enhanced reality;

[0041]图3为本发明用于增强现实的头戴显示器其中折光棱镜与补偿镜整体的结构示意图。 [0041] FIG 3 Wearing the present invention wherein a schematic view of the entire display real refractive prism enhanced compensation mirror.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0042] 下面根据附图和实施例对本发明作进一步详细说明。 [0042] The following figures and examples further illustrate the present invention in detail.

[0043] 图1为本发明用于增强现实的头戴显示器的总体结构示意图,参照图1,本发明,用于增强现实的头戴显示器,包括了光学部件、支撑部件、摄像部件、控制电路、人机交互模块、电源模块。 [0043] Figure 1 is an overall schematic view of the invention for the head mount display enhanced reality, with reference to FIG. 1, the present invention is, for augmented reality display headgear, comprising an optical member, a support member, the imaging member, the control circuit , human-computer interaction module, power supply module.

[0044] 对于支撑部件,包括镜框101,鼻托102和耳挂103,镜框101眼镜为所有其他功能模块的承载物体,加装了用来承载其他功能模块的支撑架,其外形类似于一般近视眼镜的工业设计,具体形状结构并无特殊要求,并不属于本发明所要解决的技术问题。 [0044] the support member comprises a frame 101, 102 and the nose pad earhook 103, spectacle frame 101 carrying objects for all other functional modules of the installation of the support frame for carrying other functional modules, which is similar to the general shape myopia glasses industrial design, the particular shape of the structure is not particularly required, it does not belong to the technical problem to be solved by the present invention.

[0045] 鼻托102设置在镜框101的正前方,通过鼻托102将镜框的前端固定在用户鼻梁,在本实施案例中鼻托102为整体式结构,同样也可设置为两瓣式结构,同镜框101类似,其具体形状结构并无特殊要求,并不属于本发明所要解决的技术问题。 [0045] The nose pad 102 is provided in front of the frame 101, the front end of the frame through the nosepiece 102 is fixed to the user nose, in the present embodiment is a case nose pad unitary structure 102, also may be provided as two structure, Similarly with the frame 101, the specific shape of the structure is not particularly required, it does not belong to the technical problem to be solved by the present invention.

[0046] 耳挂103有两个,分别设置在镜框101后面的两端,用于将镜框101的后端固定在用户的耳上。 [0046] There are two earhook 103, respectively provided at both ends of the rear frame 101, a rear end frame 101 is fixed to the ear of the user.

[0047] 对于摄像部件,其设置为以用户为中心摄取360°的全景镜像并输送至上述光学部件的配置,具体地,其包括多个摄像头,多个摄像头固定在支撑部件并覆盖以用户为中心摄取360°的全景,对于摄像头的数量可根据用户需求以及产品设定等因素综合考虑,只需满足覆盖以用户为中心摄取360°的全景即可。 [0047] For the imaging member, which is provided to the user uptake panoramic image 360 ​​° as a center, and conveyed to the configuration of the optical member, in particular, comprising a plurality of cameras, a plurality of cameras fixed to the support member and covered with a user 360 ° panorama center intake, for the number of cameras may be considered according to user needs, and other factors to set the product, just to meet the user-centric cover a 360 ° panoramic view can be taken.

[0048] 在本实施案例中,摄像头共设置有四个,即摄像头401、摄像头402、摄像头403、摄像头404,其中摄像头401、摄像头402设置在用户视角的右前侧、左前侧,即固定在镜框101的右前侧、左前侧,摄像头403、摄像头404设置在用户视角的左后侧、右后侧,即固定在左后侧的耳挂、右后侧的耳挂。 [0048] In the present embodiment case, the camera were provided with four, i.e., the camera 401, camera 402, camera 403, camera 404, which camera 401, the camera 402 disposed at the front right side of the user perspective, front left side, i.e., fixed to the frame front right side, front left side, the camera 403, the camera 404 is disposed on the rear side 101 of the left-user perspective, right rear, i.e. fixed earhook left rear, right rear earhook.

[0049]四个摄像头有着较大的视场角,其所处的位置和朝向需要经过一定特殊的设计,从而可以对外部环境360°全景拍摄。 [0049] The four camera has a large angle of view, its position and orientation of which takes some special design, so that an external environment can be taken to the 360 ​​° panorama. 用户可以将脑后摄像头拍摄的图像传递给像源,进而被眼镜观察到。 Users behind an image can be captured by the camera is transmitted to an image source, and thus to be viewing glasses. 摄像头拍摄的图像和视频还可以存储下来甚至经过无线设备传播给其他的设备。 Images taken by a camera and video down may also be stored even spread to other devices via a wireless device.

[0050] 对于控制电路,在本实施案例中共设置两个,分别设置在左、右侧,即为控制电路302、控制电路301,控制电路分别与摄像部件以及光学部件连接。 [0050] the control circuit, in the case of the present embodiment is provided CCP two, are disposed on the left, right, that is, the control circuit 302, a control circuit 301, a control circuit connected to the imaging member and an optical member, respectively. 其中装载有操作系统,可设置为Android等操作系统,可以运行外部应用,拓展该头戴显示器的功能,其主要用于控制信息流的获取的传播。 Wherein the operating system is loaded, and the like may be set as Android operating system can run external applications, expanding the head mount display function, which is mainly used to control the flow of information acquired propagation.

[0051] 对于光学部件,在本实施案例中光学部件共设置有两个,分别固定在镜框101的前端鼻托102的两侧,即为光学部件2L、光学部件2R,光学部件2L、光学部件2R关于鼻托102对称设置,在此仅对光学部件2L作说明,光学部件2R与此相同。 [0051] For the optical member, in the present embodiment in case the optical member is provided with a total of two, each fixed bracket 102 on both sides of the nose at the front end of the frame 101, i.e. the optical member 2L, an optical component 2R, optical members 2L, the optical member 2R disposed symmetrically about the nose pads 102, here only the optical member as described 2L, 2R and the same optical component.

[0052] 光学部件2L包括:像源201、折光棱镜210、补偿镜207。 [0052] 2L optical component comprising: an image source 201, the refractive prism 210, compensation mirror 207.

[0053] 像源201,由控制电路驱动,接收摄像部件的信号并发出光线。 [0053] The image source 201, a drive control circuit, the image pickup means and the received signal rays. 折光棱镜210,接收像源201发出的光线并将光线射入用户眼瞳内构成画面。 Refraction prism 210, the image source 201 receives light emitted by the light incident on the screen configuration and the user eye pupil. 补偿镜207,与折光棱镜210无间隙拼合构成前后表面相互平行的光学镜,外部环境的光线通过补偿镜207以及折光棱镜射210入用户眼瞳内。 Compensation glass 207, the prism 210 front and rear refractive surface without gaps parallel to each other constitute a split optics, the light in the external environment and by compensating for the refractive lens 207 exit prism 210 into eye pupil user.

[0054] 具体对于折光棱镜210,其包括:平面折返面206,像源201发出的光线被平面折返面206折射进入折光棱镜;多个反射面,进入折光棱镜210内的光线由多个反射面以及平面折返面206多次折叠反射后,由平面折返面206折射射入用户眼瞳内。 [0054] Particularly for refraction prism 210, comprising: a folded planar surface 206, the light emitted from the image source 201 is folded flat surface 206 refracts into prism refraction; a plurality of reflection surfaces, the refractive light entering the prism 210 by a plurality of reflecting surfaces after the folded-back surface 206 and a planar folding multiple reflection, refraction, the user enters the eye pupil plane by the folded-back surface 206.

[0055] 平面折反面对光线既折射又反射,反射时要求光线入射角要大于其全反射角,实现光线的全反射。 [0055] Anti-facing planar light off both reflected and refracted, when the angle of incidence reflected light required for greater than a total reflection angle, total reflection of light.

[0056] 多个反射面为非球面、自由曲面、扩展双二次曲面中的任意一种或任意多种,同时这三个反射面镀有半透半反膜,保证它们在反射像源上光线的同时,外部光线可以正常透过。 [0056] a plurality of aspherical reflecting surfaces, the free curved surface, quadric bis extend any one or any more, while the three reflecting surfaces coated with a transflective film, to ensure that their source in the reflection image while light, external light permeable properly.

[0057] 在本实施案例中,反射面共设置有三个,即第一反射面202、第二反射面203以及第三反射面204,具体数量设置主要是根据产品尺寸以及规格而定,并无具体数量限定。 [0057] In the case of the present embodiment, a total reflection surface is provided with three, i.e., a first reflecting surface 202, the second reflecting surface 203 and a third reflecting surface 204, the specific number is set mainly according to the product dimensions and specifications, the no defining a specific number.

[0058] 在本实施案例中光学部件2L的具体过程:控制电路驱动像源201发出光线209,光线209首先被平面折反面206折射进入折光棱镜210,然后被第一反射面202反射,反射后的光线再次与平面折反面206相交而被全反射,之后光线被第二反射面203反射,然后光线再一次被平面折反面206全反射,全反射后的光线被第三反射面204反射,最后光线被平面折反面206折射后进入人眼入用户眼瞳205。 [0058] In the case of the present embodiment of the optical member 2L specific process: a drive control circuit 209 as the light source 201 emits light 209 is first folded back plane refractive prism 206 refracts into 210, is then reflected by the first reflecting surface 202, the reflected light 206 back off again intersects plane is totally reflected light is then reflected by the second reflecting surface 203, and the light is again folded back plane 206 is totally reflected, the light is totally reflected reflected by the third reflecting surface 204, and finally after the light is refracted plane 206 folded back into the eye 205 into eye pupil user. 为了实现外部环境光线208无像差地进入人眼,补偿镜207和折光棱镜210拼和后光学系统近于呈长方体,保证前后表面平行。 In order to achieve the external ambient light 208 enters the eye without aberration, compensation mirror 207 and refractive prism 210 and the optical system to fight nearly rectangular parallelepiped, parallel front surface guaranteed. 补偿镜207所采用的材料和折光棱镜210相同,保证外部光线能够无像差地进入用户眼瞳205。 207 same as the material used and the refractive prism compensation mirror 210, to ensure that no external light can enter the user eye pupil aberration 205.

[0059] 像源201尺寸较小,对角线尺寸在1英寸以下,其分辨率可高可低。 [0059] The image source 201 is small size, diagonal size of 1 inch, the resolution can be high or low. 若只需要显示一些文字类的简单信息,100x100左右的分辨率足矣;若需要显示诸如图片和视频这样的复杂信息,则需要分辨率足够高的微显示器,可以是OLED、LC0S或IXD等像源。 If only you need to show some simple text information category, about 100x100 resolution enough; if desired display of complex information such as pictures and videos, a sufficiently high resolution is required microdisplay, and the like may be OLED, LC0S image or IXD source.

[0060] 本实施案例的光学部件,出瞳大小为8mm,视场角为28°,出瞳距为15mm,所用像源对角线尺寸为0.7英寸左右。 [0060] The optical member according to the present embodiment case, the size of the exit pupil of 8mm, the viewing angle of 28 °, the pupil distance of 15mm, are used as source diagonal dimension of about 0.7 inches.

[0061] 对于人机交互模块,其包括面向用户眼瞳的触摸屏501、操作按键502、系统开关键503。 [0061] For interactive module, which includes a touch screen 501 for the user's eye pupil, an operation key 502, key system 503 to open. 此时可以将此头戴显示器看作是戴在头上的手机,和普通手机所区别的是显示屏幕就在眼前,触摸屏501和显示屏幕分开,位于镜框101的右侧。 This can now be seen as a head mounted display worn on the head of the phone, and the difference is ordinary mobile phone in front of the display screen, the touch screen 501 and display screen separate from the right side of the frame 101.

[0062] 触摸屏501设置在镜框101,能够提高系统的便捷性,一方面方便了人机交互,另一方面使头戴显示器不需要其他的附加输入设备。 [0062] The touch screen 501 is provided in the frame 101, can improve the convenience of the system, on the one hand to facilitate the man-machine interaction, on the other hand that the head mount display does not require other additional input devices.

[0063] 操作按键502以Android系统标准为菜单键、主页键和返回键。 [0063] In the operation key 502 Android system standard menu key, Home key and back key. 这些与控制电路中装载的操作系统相关。 The operating system associated with the load control circuit. 目前的Android系统已经不再需要操作按键而用虚拟按键代替了,所以完全可以将这里的操作按键与触摸屏合并,换为尺寸更大的触摸屏。 The current Android operating system is no longer needed with the virtual keys and buttons instead, you can be here merger operation buttons and the touch screen, for a larger size touch screen.

[0064] 对于人机交互模块,此部分并不是本发明所必须的,并非本发明所要解决的核心技术问题,在此提及主要是展示本发明所要保护产品的功能全面性。 [0064] For the necessary interactive module, this is not part of the present invention, the core technology is not a problem to be solved by the invention, mentioned here mainly to show the present invention to protect the product's comprehensive functionality.

[0065] 对于电源模块,包含有电芯、供电电路以及充电接口,其为现有技术,在本实施案例中电源模块设置有两个,即电源模块601和电源模块602,负责整个系统的电量供应,将其置于镜框101后方能够平衡系统的配重,提高头戴显示器的佩戴舒适度。 [0065] For the power module includes batteries, a power supply circuit and a charging interface, which is a prior art, in the case of the present embodiment is provided with two power modules, i.e., the power module 601 and power module 602, the entire system is responsible for electricity supply, the frame 101 placed behind the counterweight to balance the system, the head mount display improved wearing comfort.

[0066] 本发明,用于增强现实的头戴显示器,提出了一种用于增强现实的头戴显示器,具有可穿透式显示的性质,使用者在观察到重现三维图像的同时,还能看到人眼前方的环境;提出了一种新型的光学系统用于将像源上图像传递进佩戴者眼睛。 [0066] The present invention, for enhancing reality head-mounted display, is also proposed a method for augmented reality head mount display having transmissive properties can be displayed to a user while reproducing the observed three-dimensional image, You can see the front side of the human environment; a novel optical system for transmitting image on the source image into the wearer's eye. 该光学系统更为简洁有效,不需要很复杂的透镜系统;在实现双通道显示的同时,还集成了360°全景拍摄摄像机,可以使用户看到自己背后的情景;将触摸屏置于眼镜上,不需要其他的附加人机交互设备。 The optical system is more simple and effective, does not require very complex lens system; while dual-channel display, also integrates the camera 360 ° panoramic photographing, the user can see the scene behind themselves; the glasses placed on the touch screen, No other additional human Interface device.

[0067] 上述实施例只为说明本发明的技术构思及特点,其目的在于让熟悉此领域技术的人士能够了解本发明内容并加以实施,并不能以此限制本发明的保护范围。 [0067] Examples of the above-described embodiments illustrate the technical concept and features of the invention, its object is to only allow those of skill in the art to understand and implement the present invention, and should not limit the scope of this invention. 凡根据本发明精神实质所作的等效变化或修饰,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围内。 Where an equivalent changes or modifications made from the spirit of the present invention, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1.一种用于增强现实的头戴显示器,其特征在于,包括:光学部件,设置为将成像光线射入用户眼瞳内构成画面的配置;摄像部件,设置为以用户为中心摄取360°的全景镜像并输送至所述光学部件的配置;支撑部件,支撑所述光学部件、所述摄像部件并佩戴在用户头部。 1. A method for augmented reality head-mounted display, characterized by comprising: an optical means arranged to image light incident on the configuration screen in the user's eye pupil configuration; an imaging member is set to a user-centered pickup 360 ° panoramic image and conveyed to the configuration of the optical member; a support member supporting the optical member, the imaging member and worn on the user's head.
2.根据权利要求1所述的用于增强现实的头戴显示器,其特征在于,所述光学部件包括:像源,接收摄像部件的信号并发出光线;折光棱镜,接收所述像源发出的光线并将光线射入用户眼瞳内构成画面。 The augmented reality for the head mount display 1, wherein said optical member comprises: an image source, image pickup means receiving a signal and emit light; refractive prism receiving the image emitted by the source configuration window and the light beam incident on eye pupil user.
3.根据权利要求2所述的用于增强现实的头戴显示器,其特征在于,所述折光棱镜包括:平面折返面,所述像源发出的光线被所述平面折返面折射进入折光棱镜;多个反射面,进入所述折光棱镜内的光线由多个所述反射面以及所述平面折返面多次折叠反射后,由所述平面折返面折射射入用户眼瞳内。 3. The AR according to claim 2 of the head mount display, wherein said refractive prism comprising: a folded planar surface, the image rays emitted by the source is refracted into the planar face folded refraction prism; after a plurality of reflecting surfaces, the light entering the prism of the refractometer by a plurality of planar reflective surface and the folded surface folded repeatedly reflected, refracted by the incident surface of the planar folded users eye pupil.
4.根据权利要求3所述的用于增强现实的头戴显示器,其特征在于,多个所述反射面为自由曲面的非常规曲面。 4. The AR according to claim 3, the head mount display, wherein a plurality of said curved reflecting surface is a free curved surface unconventional.
5.根据权利要求4所述的用于增强现实的头戴显示器,其特征在于,多个所述反射面为非球面、自由曲面、扩展双二次曲面中的任意一种或任意多种。 5. The AR according to claim 4, wherein the head mount display, wherein the plurality of aspherical reflecting surfaces, the free surface, any one or any more extended biquadratic RECONSTRUCTION.
6.根据权利要求2所述的用于增强现实的头戴显示器,其特征在于,所述光学部件还包括:补偿镜,与所述折光棱镜无间隙拼合构成前后表面相互平行的光学镜,外部环境的光线通过所述补偿镜以及所述折光棱镜射入用户眼瞳内。 According to claim augmented reality head mount display according to 2, wherein said optical means further comprises: compensation mirror, parallel to the front and rear surfaces constituting each split optics of the refractive prism without a gap, the outer ambient light by the compensation mirror and said refractive prism user enters the eye pupil.
7.根据权利要求1所述的用于增强现实的头戴显示器,其特征在于,所述支撑部件包括:镜框;鼻托,设置在所述镜框正前方;耳挂,设置在所述镜框后防的两端。 After ear hook, disposed in the frame; frame; nose pad provided in front of the frame: according to claim augmented reality the head mount display 1, wherein said support member comprises both ends of the defense.
8.根据权利要求1所述的用于增强现实的头戴显示器,其特征在于,所述摄像部件包括多个摄像头,多个所述摄像头固定在所述支撑部件并覆盖以用户为中心摄取360°的全景。 According to claim augmented reality the head mount display 1, wherein said imaging member comprises a plurality of cameras, said plurality of cameras in the fixed support member and covering the user-centered pickup 360 panoramic °.
9.根据权利要求1所述的用于增强现实的头戴显示器,其特征在于,用于增强现实的头戴显示器还包括控制电路,所述控制电路装载操作系统并与所述摄像部件、光学部件连接。 According to claim augmented reality the head mount display 1, characterized in that, for augmented reality display headgear further includes control circuitry, the control circuitry and load the operating system and the imaging member, the optical connection member.
10.根据权利要求1所述的用于增强现实的头戴显示器,其特征在于,用于增强现实的头戴显示器还包括人机交互模块,所述人机交互模块包括:面向用户眼瞳的触摸屏;操作按键;系统开关键。 10. The AR according to claim 1 of the head mount display, wherein a head mount display for augmented reality interactive module further includes a human-machine interaction module comprising: a user for eye pupil a touch screen; an operation key; open key system.
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