CN105390980B - Overhead transmission line foreign matter removing method - Google Patents

Overhead transmission line foreign matter removing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105390980B
CN105390980B CN201510808209.5A CN201510808209A CN105390980B CN 105390980 B CN105390980 B CN 105390980B CN 201510808209 A CN201510808209 A CN 201510808209A CN 105390980 B CN105390980 B CN 105390980B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
transmission line
foreign matter
lifting
overhead transmission
power
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CN201510808209.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105390980A (en
Inventor
徐淇
宋旭
刘岳鑫
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Co Ltd
Changzhou Power Supply Co of Jiangsu Electric Power Co
Original Assignee
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Co Ltd
Changzhou Power Supply Co of Jiangsu Electric Power Co
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Application filed by State Grid Corp of China SGCC, State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Co Ltd, Changzhou Power Supply Co of Jiangsu Electric Power Co filed Critical State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Priority to CN201510808209.5A priority Critical patent/CN105390980B/en
Publication of CN105390980A publication Critical patent/CN105390980A/en
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Publication of CN105390980B publication Critical patent/CN105390980B/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G1/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines
    • H02G1/02Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for overhead lines or cables

Abstract

The invention provides an overhead transmission line foreign matter removing method. The method is implemented by an overhead transmission line foreign matter removing device and auxiliary tools. The method comprises the steps of: 1, installing a lifting pulley; 2, installing auxiliary ropes; 3, lifting the overhead transmission line foreign matter removing device and enabling the overhead transmission line foreign matter removing device to be on a line; 4, dragging the overhead transmission line foreign matter removing device to the right place; 5, removing foreign matters; 6, turning off the power; and 7, withdrawing the device from the line. According to the principle of the method, a burn-red resistance wire is utilized to carry out hot cutting and removing on the foreign matters on the power transmission line. According to the invention, a power cut of the line is not needed, various kinds of foreign matters on the power transmission line can be removed clearly, effectively and thoroughly, the foreign matter removing efficiency is high, and the effect is good; in addition, the operation is convenient, time is saved, labor is saved and the work efficiency is improved.

Description

Overhead transmission line foreign matter sweep-out method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of overhead transmission line foreign matter sweep-out method.
Background technology
Electric power transmission line runs for a long time in natural environment, and easy lash foreign matter, such as wind scrape reason by similar agriculture Power transmission line is wrapped in foreign matters such as booth plastics, sunshade net, braid over braid, the advertising cloth of advertisement, kite and kite drawstrings Lu Shang, after these foreign matters drench with rain or make moist, insulating properties are poor, easily cause the generation of the accidents such as transmission line of electricity tripping operation, short circuit, seriously Affect electrical network power supply safety.Tradition is to the method that electric line foreign matter is removed will by operating personnel on the premise of line outage Driving is hung on transmission pressure, is then sitting on driving to be moved at foreign matter and is removed foreign matter, has both affected power supply, operation people on bar Member is wasted time and energy and dangerous property.
In recent years, in the case where transmission line of electricity does not have a power failure the foreign matter on circuit is carried out by corresponding device or instrument There is application the method for removing more.Overhead transmission line foreign matter sweep-out method common at present generally has two classes:One class is with insulation Various cuttings, the cutter head of pulling class that action bars is arranged plus insulating bar head, the hand-held insulating bar of operating personnel is utilized Various cutter heads carry out cutting to the foreign matter on circuit and pull to remove foreign matter, and such as Authorization Notice No. is CN 202423996U, authorizes It is the Chinese patent literatures such as CN 104064985A that notification number is CN 202034707, application publication number;The common of such device lacks Point is that operation is more time-consuming, and the foreign matter on the inefficient and distant circuit of shaft tower of adjusting the distance is difficult to process;It is another Class is to install various cutter head class break-in tools additional on the device that can be moved on transmission line of electricity to be purged foreign matter, such as applies for public Cloth number is CN 103441448A, application publication number is the Chinese patent literatures such as CN 103944108A;It passes through can be in transmission of electricity The device moved on circuit, solves the foreign matter adjusted the distance in first kind device on the distant circuit of shaft tower reluctant Problem, but this class device remains and carries out cutting type removing to the foreign matter on circuit by various cutter heads, still exists such as One class device is not high to foreign matter elimination efficiency, effect on driving birds is not good the problems such as.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is:On the premise of a kind of transmission line of electricity is provided without the need for having a power failure, using overhead transmission line foreign matter Remove device and aid implemented, it is easy to operate, time saving and energy saving and the various foreign matters on transmission line of electricity can be carried out safety, Fast, the overhead transmission line foreign matter sweep-out method thoroughly removed.
The technical scheme is that:The overhead transmission line foreign matter sweep-out method of the present invention, it is different by overhead transmission line Thing remove device and aid are implemented, and above-mentioned overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus include installing cabinet, link plate, 2 rollings Wheel and circuit unit;Above-mentioned installation cabinet is provided with 3 lifting hole(eyelet)s and 3 towing pads;Link plate is provided with and 3 lifting hole(eyelet)s for installing cabinet 3 lifting hole(eyelet)s being engaged;3 lifting hole(eyelet)s of link plate are engaged totally 3 suspension centres of composition 1 to 3 with 3 lifting hole(eyelet)s for installing cabinet;2 rollings Wheel is fixedly installed between the upper end and link plate for installing cabinet, power transmission line is mounted during for using and is moved on power transmission line;Circuit Component includes being fixedly mounted on to be installed cabinet and the conductive supporting bar group on link plate, is fixedly mounted in conductive supporting bar group for heat Cutting power transmission line on foreign matter resistance wire, be arranged on installation cabinet in for resistance wire the battery of working power is provided, peace is arranged on Control the relay KA of resistance wire on/off, be arranged in installation cabinet for the action of control relay KA for execution in dress cabinet Receiver of remote-control sytem, hand-held transmit wirelessly the remote control transmitter of on/off commands to receiver of remote-control sytem and be arranged on installation cabinet On power switch;Above-mentioned aid includes that edge pull rope and lifting pulley are thoroughly done away with lifting apparatus, insulated sling, 2;
Foreign matter sweep-out method is comprised the following steps:
1. lifting pulley is installed:1 operating personnel selects suitable shaft tower on the overhead transmission line for needing to remove foreign matter, takes Band lifting pulley and insulated sling step on bar, and lifting pulley is first fixedly mounted on the top of shaft tower, then by insulated sling on ground Hang under the cooperation of face operating personnel and take lifting apparatus, then insulated sling hangs down to ground;
2. auxiliary ropes are installed:Ground Operation personnel are according to the suitable suspension centre of electric power line pole tower type selecting by insulated sling Lower end be fixedly connected with selected suspension centre;2 are selected in 3 towing pads for installing cabinet, the one end for thoroughly doing away with edge pull rope by 2 It is fixedly connected with 2 towing pads of selected installation cabinet;
3. overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus lifting is reached the standard grade:Open the power supply of overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus Switch, operating personnel is different by overhead transmission line using insulated sling and lifting pulley under the cooperation of Ground Operation personnel on bar Thing remove device is hung to after power transmission line horizontal level, and operating personnel is using the built on stilts electric line foreign matter of lifting apparatus adjustment on bar The position of remove device, 2 insulating cords of Ground Operation personnel control are matched, by overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus 2 rollers are articulated on power transmission line;
4. the traction of overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus is in place:Ground Operation personnel thoroughly do away with edge pull rope by frame using 2 Empty electric line foreign matter remove device is drawn on power transmission line at foreign matter place, and Ground Operation personnel are with remote control transmitter to remote control Receiver sends and turns on the power order, and remote control transmitter receives control relay KA after order and obtains the electricity that resistance wire is connected in electric work Source;
5. foreign matter is removed:After resistance wire is powered 20 seconds, it is built on stilts defeated that surface personnel thoroughly does away with the traction of edge pull rope using 2 Electric line foreign body eliminating apparatus are purged using red resistance wire is burnt to the foreign matter on power transmission line;It is easy to operate, time saving and energy saving
6. complete powered-down:After foreign matter is removed and finished on circuit, Ground Operation personnel are with remote control transmitter to receiver of remote-control sytem Send and close power command, remote control transmitter receives the power supply of control relay KA action off resistance silk after order;
7. withdraw:On bar operating personnel and Ground Operation personnel work in coordination overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus and Lifting apparatus fetch ground;Operating personnel carries lifting pulley lower beam, the end of job on bar.
Further scheme is:Above-mentioned step 2. in, if electric power line pole tower is straight line pole, selected suspension centre is No. 1 suspension centre that overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus center of gravity is located.
Further scheme is:Above-mentioned step 2. in, if electric power line pole tower be strain rod tower, according to strain rod tower The size of corner selectes No. 2 or No. 3 suspension centres.
Further scheme is:The installation cabinet of above-mentioned overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus includes front side board, left side Plate, right plate, epipleural, base plate and back side panel;
Front side board and left plate are square plate body part;The bottom of left plate be sequentially provided with from front to back the first towing pad, Second towing pad and the 3rd towing pad;The plate body that right plate is square for main body, the width and height of right plate are all higher than left side Plate;The bottom of right plate is sequentially provided with from front to back the 4th towing pad, the 5th towing pad and the 6th towing pad;The top of right plate Centre position is sequentially provided with from front to back the first lifting hole(eyelet), the second lifting hole(eyelet) and the 3rd lifting hole(eyelet);Before and after the middle and upper part position of right plate It is respectively provided on two sides with first and lifts hole and second and lifts hole;The upper end front side of right plate is provided with integral with main body and projects forward In the mounting ear of main body;2 roller shaft installing holes are provided with before and after the upper part of right plate;
Epipleural is trapezoidal plate body part, and the low back of epipleural hangs down with the top margin for being located at left side and positioned at the base on right side Directly connect;The Attacking Midfielder of epipleural and the angle positioned between the base on right side are acute angle;The width of the top margin positioned at left side of epipleural Degree is identical with the width of left plate;The width on the base positioned at right side of epipleural is identical with the width of the main body of right plate;It is right The top of side plate is located on the plane of epipleural place;The anterior right side of epipleural is provided with the wire of upward and downward insertion and passes through hole;
The structure of base plate is identical with epipleural, and the lower surface of base plate is higher than each towing pad of left plate and respectively leading for right plate Draw hole;Back side panel is square plate body part;The height of back side panel is identical with front side board.
Further scheme is:Above-mentioned installs the wire pressing plate that cabinet also includes arranging, and wire pressing plate is rectangular short Plate, one end face is provided with conductor wire trough.
Further scheme is:The material of above-mentioned installation cabinet is the epoxy resin board of insulation.
Further scheme is:The plate that the link plate of above-mentioned overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus is rectangle for main body Body;It is sequentially provided with the 4th lifting hole(eyelet), the 5th lifting hole(eyelet) and the 6th lifting hole(eyelet) on link plate from front to back;2 are provided with before and after the upper part of link plate Roller shaft installing hole;The anterior upside of link plate is provided with wire by hole;Link plate upper end front side be provided with it is integral with main body and to Before protrude from the second mounting ear of main body.
Further scheme is:The conductive supporting bar group of the circuit unit of above-mentioned overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus It is round bar including the first conducting rod;Second conducting rod, the 3rd conducting rod and the 4th conducting rod, the first conducting rod is round bar;Second Conducting rod, the 3rd conducting rod and the 4th conducting rod are L-shaped bar;The material of each conducting rod is copper.
Further scheme is:The front end of the head end of the resistance wire of above-mentioned circuit unit and the 4th conducting rod is fixed and is connected Connect;The end of resistance wire is fixedly connected with the front end of the first conducting rod;The centre of resistance wire is conductive with the 3rd conducting rod and the 4th The front end of bar is respectively fixedly connected with;So that the frame-shaped construction that resistance wire is open on the left of composition in conductive supporting bar group.
Further scheme is:Above-mentioned circuit unit also includes fuse FU, the charging for charging for battery Mouth and the relay indicating light for indicating resistance wire working condition.
Further scheme is:The battery of the offer working power of above-mentioned circuit unit includes the chargeable of series connection First battery U1 and the second battery U2.
Further scheme also has:Above-mentioned circuit unit also includes resistance wire wire;Above-mentioned relay KA has line Circle, normally opened contact J1 and normally-closed contact J2;One end of above-mentioned resistance wire wire is conductive with the 4th be fixedly mounted on link plate Bar is electrically connected;The other end of resistance wire wire from install cabinet epipleural wire by hole introduce installation cabinet in relay KA Normally opened contact J1 electrical connection;One section of resistance wire wire is fixed on the left side of the right plate for installing cabinet by wire pressing plate.
The present invention has positive effect:The overhead transmission line foreign matter sweep-out method of the present invention, can be on power transmission line Various foreign matters carry out it is clean, effective, thoroughly remove, remove foreign matter efficiency high, effect good;It is easy to operate, time saving and energy saving, carry High efficiency;Have a power failure without the need for transmission line of electricity, in the case of powered can operation, transmission line of electricity can be prevented effectively from and had a power failure the life that brings Produce inconvenience living and loss.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the external structure schematic diagram of overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is structural representation when observing from the right back of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the circuit diagram of the circuit unit of overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is that the aids such as lifting apparatus of the present invention, insulated sling and insulation pull rope are defeated with built on stilts The schematic diagram of the annexation of electric line foreign body eliminating apparatus;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the lifting apparatus in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of connection-peg in Fig. 5.
Reference in above-mentioned accompanying drawing is as follows:
Cabinet 1, front side board 11, left plate 12, the first towing pad 12-1, the second towing pad 12-2, the 3rd towing pad 12- are installed 3, right plate 13, the 4th towing pad 13-1, the 5th towing pad 13-2, the 6th towing pad 13-3, the first lifting hole(eyelet) 13-4, the second lifting hole(eyelet) 13-5, the 3rd lifting hole(eyelet) 13-6, first lift hole 13-7, and second lifts hole 13-8, mounting ear 13-9, epipleural 14, wire pressing plate 15,
Link plate 2, the 4th lifting hole(eyelet) 21, the 5th lifting hole(eyelet) 22, the 6th lifting hole(eyelet) 23, the second mounting ear 24,
Roller 3,
Circuit unit 4, conductive supporting bar group 41, the first conducting rod 41-1, the second conducting rod 41-2, the 3rd conducting rod 41- 3, the 4th conducting rod 41-4, resistance wire 42, resistance wire wire 43, charging inlet 44, power switch 45, receiver of remote-control sytem 46 is distant Control transmitter 47, relay indicating light 48, the first battery U1, the second battery U2, relay KA, normally opened contact J1 are normally closed to touch Point J2, fuse FU,
Lifting apparatus 5, plug connector 51, body 51-1, protuberance 51-2, shank 51-3, connecting portion 51-4, connecting bolt Hole 51-4-1, connector 52, insulating bar 53,
Insulated sling 6,
Insulation pull rope 7.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description the present invention is further detailed explanation.
(Embodiment 1)
See Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, the overhead transmission line foreign matter sweep-out method of the present embodiment is clear using overhead transmission line foreign matter Except device and aid are implemented, overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus are mainly by installation cabinet 1, link plate 2, roller 3 and circuit Component 4 is constituted.
Cabinet 1 is installed mainly to be made up of front side board 11, left plate 12, right plate 13, epipleural 14, base plate and back side panel, The material for installing cabinet 1 is the epoxy resin board of insulation.
Front side board 11 and left plate 12 are square plate body part;The bottom middle of front side board 11 is provided with indicator lamp installation Hole;The middle and lower part of left plate 12 is provided with charging inlet installing hole and power switch installing hole;The bottom of left plate 12 is from front to back It is sequentially provided with the first towing pad 12-1, the second towing pad 12-2 and the 3rd towing pad 12-3.The height of left plate 12 is more than front side The height of plate 11.
The plate body that right plate 13 is square for main body, the width and height of right plate 13 are all higher than left plate 12;Right plate 13 bottom is sequentially provided with from front to back the 4th towing pad 13-1, the 5th towing pad 13-2 and the 6th towing pad 13-3;Right plate 13 upper middle position is sequentially provided with from front to back the first lifting hole(eyelet) 13-4, the second lifting hole(eyelet) 13-5 and the 3rd lifting hole(eyelet) 13-6;Right side It is respectively provided on two sides with first and lifts hole 13-7 and second before and after the middle and upper part position of plate 13 and lifts hole 13-8;Right plate 13 it is upper End front side is provided with mounting ear 13-9 that is integral with main body and protruding from main body forward.2 are provided with before and after the upper part of right plate 13 Individual roller shaft installing hole.
Epipleural 14 is trapezoidal plate body part, the low back of epipleural 14 and the top margin and the bottom positioned at right side that are located at left side Side vertical connection;The Attacking Midfielder of epipleural 14 and the angle positioned between the base on right side are acute angle, and 30 are preferably adopted in the present embodiment Degree angle.The width of the top margin positioned at left side of epipleural 14 is identical with the width of left plate 12;Epipleural 14 positioned at right side The width on base is identical with the width of the main body of right plate 13;The top of right plate 13 is located on the place plane of epipleural 14. The anterior right side of epipleural 14 is provided with the wire of upward and downward insertion and passes through hole.
The overall structure of base plate is identical with epipleural 14, and the lower surface of base plate is higher than each towing pad and the right side of left plate 12 Each towing pad of plate 13.Back side panel is square plate body part;The height of back side panel is identical with front side board 11.
The front end for installing cabinet 1 is arranged to ramp structure, its objective is that on the one hand device traveling process when in use can be reduced In air or wind resistance, on the other hand can be prevented effectively from the abnormal contact installed on cabinet 1 and power transmission line.
Cabinet 1 is installed and is equipped with wire pressing plate 15, wire pressing plate 15 is rectangular short slab, and one end face is provided with conduction Line trough.
The plate body that link plate 2 is rectangle for main body, is sequentially provided with from front to back the 4th lifting hole(eyelet) 21, the 5th lifting hole(eyelet) on link plate 2 22 and the 6th lifting hole(eyelet) 23;2 roller shaft installing holes are provided with before and after the upper part of link plate 2;And install when link plate 2 the 4th lifting hole(eyelet) 21st, the first lifting hole(eyelet) 13-4, the second lifting hole(eyelet) 13-5 and the 3rd lifting hole(eyelet) 13-6 of the 5th lifting hole(eyelet) 22 and the 6th lifting hole(eyelet) 23 and right plate 13 It is relative respectively;Wherein, the suspension centre that the 4th lifting hole(eyelet) 21 of link plate 2 is constituted with the first lifting hole(eyelet) 13-4 of right plate 13 is this device center of gravity The position at place;2 roller shaft installing holes of link plate 2 are relative respectively with 2 roller shaft installing holes of right plate 13;Link plate 2 Anterior upside is provided with wire by hole.The upper end front side of link plate 2 is provided with integral with main body and protrudes from the second of main body forward Mounting ear 24;Second mounting ear 24 of link plate 2 is corresponding with the mounting ear 13-9 of the right plate 13 for installing cabinet 1.
Roller 3 is provided with 2,2 rollers 3 by 2 roller shaft installing holes of its roller shaft and the right plate 13 for installing cabinet 1 with And 2 roller shaft installing holes of link plate 2 are engaged, it is fixedly mounted between the right plate 13 and link plate 2 for installing cabinet 1.
No. 1 suspension centre that first lifting hole(eyelet) 13-4 of the aforesaid right plate 13 for installing cabinet 1 and the 4th lifting hole(eyelet) 21 of link plate 2 are constituted For the center of gravity position of device, it is applied to straight line pole;If shaft tower is strain rod tower, according to the big of strain rod tower corner It is little to select using No. 2 suspension centres being made up of the second lifting hole(eyelet) 13-5 of right plate 13 and the 5th lifting hole(eyelet) 22 of link plate 2, or by installation cabinet No. 3 suspension centres that 3rd lifting hole(eyelet) 13-6 of 1 right plate 13 and the 6th lifting hole(eyelet) 23 of link plate 2 are constituted.Enable this device conveniently Ground adapts to the lifting of the different application scenario such as straight line pole or strain rod tower on transmission line of electricity, strengthens its adaptability.
Circuit unit 4 is mainly opened by conductive supporting bar group 41, resistance wire 42, resistance wire wire 43, charging inlet 44, power supply Close 45, receiver of remote-control sytem 46, remote control transmitter 47, relay indicating light 48, the first battery U1, the second battery U2, relay KA and fuse FU is constituted.
Conductive supporting bar group 41 includes the first conducting rod 41-1, the second conducting rod 41-2, the 3rd conducting rod 41-3 and the 4th Conducting rod 41-4, the first conducting rod 41-1 are round bar;Second conducting rod 41-2, the 3rd conducting rod 41-3 and the 4th conducting rod 41-4 It is L-shaped bar;The material of each conducting rod is copper.First conducting rod 41-1 is fixedly installed on the top of the front side board 11 for installing cabinet 1 Left side and forward extend out;Second conducting rod 41-2 by the minor face of its L-shaped be vertically fixed on install cabinet 1 right plate 13 on and second The long side of the L-shaped of conducting rod 41-2 forward extends out;Second conducting rod 41-2 and the first conducting rod 41-1 are at grade;3rd Conducting rod 41-3 is vertically fixed on the mounting ear 13-9 of the right plate 13 for installing cabinet 1 by the minor face of its L-shaped, the 3rd conducting rod The long side of the L-shaped of 41-3 forward extends out;4th conducting rod 41-4 is vertically fixed on the second installation of link plate 2 by the minor face of its L-shaped On ear 24, and the long side of the L-shaped of the 4th conducting rod 41-4 forward extends out;3rd conducting rod 41-3 and the 4th conducting rod 41-4 On same plane.
The head end of resistance wire 42 is fixedly connected with the front end of the 4th conducting rod 41-4;The end of resistance wire 42 is conductive with first The front end of bar 41-1 is fixedly connected;Distinguish with the front end of the 3rd conducting rod 41-3 and the 4th conducting rod 41-4 the centre of resistance wire 42 It is fixedly connected, so that the frame-shaped construction that resistance wire 42 is open on the left of composition in conductive supporting bar group 41;Resistance wire 42 is left With the mounting of power transmission line when side opening is easy to device to install, power transmission line passes through from the frame-shaped construction of electricity group silk 42 when using, electricity Resistance silk 42 carries out thermal cutting to the foreign matter on power transmission line simultaneously when working from upper and lower and 3, the right direction, it is thus possible to transmission of electricity Various foreign matters on line carry out it is clean, effective, thoroughly remove, remove foreign matter efficiency high, effect good.
One end of resistance wire wire 43 electrically connects with the 4th conducting rod 41-4;The other end of resistance wire wire 43 passes through link plate 2 wire is introduced behind hole by the wire of hole and the epipleural 14 for installing cabinet 1 and installed inside cabinet 1;Resistance wire wire 43 One section of wire pressing plate 15 arranged by installation cabinet 1 be fixed on install cabinet 1 right plate 13 left side on so that resistance 43 superposed one sections of wire of silk is tensioned to the upside of link plate 2 and installs between the upside of the right plate 13 of cabinet 1, it is to avoid use When hinder.
Charging inlet 44 and power switch 45 are accordingly fixedly mounted on respectively the charging inlet peace of the left plate 12 for installing cabinet 1 In dress hole and power switch installing hole;Relay indicating light 48 is fixedly mounted on the indicator lamp installing hole of the front side board 11 for installing cabinet 1 It is interior;Receiver of remote-control sytem 46, the first battery U1, the second battery U2, relay KA and fuse FU are in installation cabinet 1 Portion.
First battery U1 and the second battery U2 are rechargeable battery, are charged using charging inlet 44, make Device can Reusability, it is to avoid change the trouble of battery.
Charging inlet 44 has positive pole and negative pole;Relay KA has coil, normally opened contact J1 and normally-closed contact J2, remote control Receiver 46 has power input positive pole, power input negative pole, power output end and radio communication end;Charging inlet 44 The common junction electricity of one end of the positive pole and fuse FU of normally-closed contact J2 and the first battery U1 that positive pole passes through relay KA Connection;The other end of fuse FU is conllinear with one end of the normally opened contact J1 of relay KA and power switch 45;Relay KA Normally opened contact J1 Jing resistance wires wire 43 and the 4th conducting rod 41-4 electrically connect with one end of resistance wire 42;Resistance wire 42 it is another One end the first conducting rod 41-4 is electrically connected with one end of relay indicating light 48;The other end of relay indicating light 48 and the second electric power storage The negative pole of pond U2 and the negative pole of charging inlet 44 are conllinear;The other end of power switch 45 and the power input of receiver of remote-control sytem 46 Proper pole electrical connection;The power input negative pole of receiver of remote-control sytem 46, the positive pole of the second battery U2 and the first battery U1 Negative pole it is conllinear;The power output end of receiver of remote-control sytem 46 is electrically connected with the coil of relay KA;Receiver of remote-control sytem 46 it is wireless Communication ends and the radio communication of remote control transmitter 47.Remote control transmitter 47 has open and close button, and when using, receiver of remote-control sytem 46 connects The open and close command signal of remote control transmitter 47 is received, corresponding control relay KA obtains electric and dead electricity;So that the normally opened of relay KA touches Disconnect when closure, dead electricity when point J1 obtains electric, so as to accordingly be switched on or switched off the power supply of resistance wire 42.
Aforesaid overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus, its operation principle when in use is to use the power on heating afterwards Resistance wire cutting the foreign matter on power transmission line, powered for resistance wire by chargeable battery, by remote control and relay The break-make of control resistance wire power supply.
Referring to Fig. 4 to Fig. 6, the overhead transmission line foreign matter sweep-out method of the present embodiment, its defeated assistant engineer tool when implementing Including lifting apparatus 5, insulated sling 6, insulation pull rope 7 and lifting pulley(It is not drawn in accompanying drawing).
Lifting apparatus 5 are mainly made up of plug connector 51, connector 52 and insulating bar 53.Plug connector 51 is steel one Part.Plug connector 51 is mainly integrally made up of body 51-1, protuberance 51-2, shank 51-3 and connecting portion 51-4;Body 51-1 For the curved strip plate body part in lower surface;Protuberance 51-2 is thickness and body 51-1 identical plate body parts, protuberance 51- 2 the left and right two ends of body 51-1 be respectively provided with respectively 1 and with the upper surface integrally connected of body 51-1;Shank 51-3 is by leading Body portion and the round platform portion one positioned at upper end are constituted;The main part of shank 51-3 is cylinder, and the upper end of shank 51-3 sets It is to be easy to grafting when using to count into round table-like purpose.Shank 51-3 respectively sets respectively on the upper surface of 2 protuberance 51-2 There is 1;Connecting portion 51-4 is square plate body part, and connecting portion is provided with link bolt hole 51-4-1, and connecting portion 51-4 is by thereon End and the lower surface middle part integrally connected of body 51-1.
The upper end of connector 52 is fixedly connected with the connecting portion 51-4 of plug connector 51;The lower end of connector 52 and insulation operation Bar 53 is fixedly connected.
When using, the first support of 2 shank 51-3 of the plug connector 51 of lifting apparatus 5 and the right plate 13 of installation cabinet 1 Lift hole 13-7 and second and lift hole 13-8 grafting cooperations;Insulation pull rope 7 arranges 2, and 2 eradication edge pull ropes 7 are optionally 2 tractions in the 4th towing pad 13-1, the 5th towing pad 13-2 and the 6th towing pad 13-3 of right plate 13 of cabinet 1 is installed In hole;Insulated sling 6 arranges 1, insulated sling 6 optionally tie up to the first lifting hole(eyelet) 13-4 of the right plate 13 for installing cabinet 1, the 4th lifting hole(eyelet) 21 in 1 hole and link plate 2 in the middle of two lifting hole(eyelet) 13-5 and the 3rd lifting hole(eyelet) 13-6, the 5th lifting hole(eyelet) 22 and the 6th lifting hole(eyelet) In 1 hole that the lifting hole(eyelet) selected with the right plate 13 for installing cabinet 1 is corresponding in the middle of 23.
Insulated sling 6 is used to be hung to overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus by the lifting pulley being arranged on shaft tower Need to remove near the power transmission line of foreign matter, then it is with lifting apparatus 5 that overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus are enterprising in power transmission line Row is adjusted, installs in place, and 2 eradication edge pull ropes 7 are used to coordinate the overhead transmission line foreign matter of the present embodiment with lifting apparatus 5 The installation of remove device is in place and after device is in place, and staff draws the overhead transmission line foreign matter of the present embodiment on ground Remove device is advanced on power transmission line.
The side of overhead transmission line foreign matter is removed using aforesaid overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus and aid Method, mainly includes the following steps that:
1. lifting pulley is installed:After 1 operating personnel selects suitable shaft tower on the overhead transmission line for needing to remove foreign matter, Carry lifting pulley and insulated sling 6 steps on bar, lifting pulley is first fixedly mounted on the top of shaft tower, then by insulated sling 6 Hang under the cooperation of Ground Operation personnel and take lifting apparatus 5, then insulated sling 6 hangs down to ground.
2. auxiliary ropes are installed:By the lower end of insulated sling 6 through install cabinet 1 right plate 13 the first lifting hole(eyelet) 13-4 and Fasten after 4th lifting hole(eyelet) 21 of link plate 2;Edge pull ropes 7 are thoroughly done away with the 4th towing pad 13-1 of the right plate 13 for installing cabinet 1 by 2 and Each tie-down 1 is distinguished on 6th towing pad 13-3;
In this step, insulated sling 6 ties up to the composition of the 4th lifting hole(eyelet) 21 of the first lifting hole(eyelet) 13-4 of right plate 13 and link plate 2 No. 1 suspension centre is the center of gravity position of device, and it is applied to straight line pole;If shaft tower is strain rod tower, according to strain rod tower The size of corner is selected using 2 be made up of the second lifting hole(eyelet) 13-5 of right plate 13 and the 5th lifting hole(eyelet) 22 of link plate 2 of installation cabinet 1 Number suspension centre, or No. 3 suspension centres being made up of the 3rd lifting hole(eyelet) 13-6 of right plate 13 and the 6th lifting hole(eyelet) 23 of link plate 2 of installation cabinet 1.
3. overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus lifting is reached the standard grade:Open the power supply of overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus Switch 45, operating personnel using insulated sling 6 and lifts pulley by overhead transmission line under the cooperation of Ground Operation personnel on bar Road foreign body eliminating apparatus be hung to after power transmission line horizontal level, the insulating bar 53 of the hand-held lifting apparatus 5 of operating personnel on bar, The right plate 13 that 2 shank 51-3 of the plug connector 51 of lifting apparatus 5 insertion is installed cabinet 1 first lifts hole 13-7 and the Two lift in the 13-8 of hole, using the position of the built on stilts electric line foreign matter remove device of the adjustment of lifting apparatus 5, Ground Operation personnel control 2 insulating cords 7 of system cooperate with operating personnel on bar, and 2 rollers 3 of overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus are articulated in On power transmission line.
4. the traction of overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus is in place:Ground Operation personnel thoroughly do away with edge pull rope 7 by frame using 2 Empty electric line foreign matter remove device is drawn on power transmission line at foreign matter place, and Ground Operation personnel are with remote control transmitter 47 to distant Control receiver 46 sends and turns on the power order, and remote control transmitter 47 receives control relay KA after order and obtains electric so that relay KA Normally opened contact J1 closures, the power on of resistance wire 42, relay indicating light 48 lights.
5. foreign matter is removed:After resistance wire 42 is powered 20 seconds(Now resistance wire 42 has burnt red), surface personnel utilizes 2 Thoroughly do away with the built on stilts electric line foreign matter remove device of the traction of edge pull rope 7 to enter the foreign matter on power transmission line using red resistance wire 42 is burnt Row is removed;
6. complete powered-down:After foreign matter is removed and finished on circuit, Ground Operation personnel are with remote control transmitter 47 to remote control reception Device 46 sends closes power command, and remote control transmitter 47 receives control relay KA dead electricity after order and causes that relay KA's is normally opened Contact J1 disconnects, and the power-off of resistance wire 42 cooling, relay indicating light 48 extinguishes.
7. withdraw:On bar operating personnel and Ground Operation personnel work in coordination overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus and Lifting apparatus fetch ground;Operating personnel carries lifting pulley lower beam, the end of job on bar.
Above example is the explanation of the specific embodiment to the present invention, rather than limitation of the present invention, relevant technology The technical staff in field without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, can also make various conversion and change and obtain To the technical scheme of corresponding equivalent, therefore the technical scheme of all equivalents should be included into the patent protection model of the present invention Enclose.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of overhead transmission line foreign matter sweep-out method, it is characterised in that:By overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus and auxiliary Execution of instrument, described overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus is helped to include cabinet is installed(1), link plate(2), 2 rollers(3)And electricity Road component(4);Described installation cabinet(1)It is provided with 3 lifting hole(eyelet)s and 3 towing pads;Link plate(2)It is provided with and cabinet is installed(1)3 3 lifting hole(eyelet)s that individual lifting hole(eyelet) is engaged;Link plate(2)3 lifting hole(eyelet)s with install cabinet(1)3 lifting hole(eyelet)s be engaged composition 1 to No. 3 totally 3 Individual suspension centre;2 rollers(3)It is fixedly installed on installation cabinet(1)Upper end and link plate(2)Between, power transmission line is mounted during for using And move on power transmission line;Circuit unit(4)Including being fixedly mounted on installation cabinet(1)And link plate(2)On conductive supporting bar group (41), be fixedly mounted on conductive supporting bar group(41)The upper resistance wire for being used for foreign matter on thermal cutting power transmission line(42), be arranged on peace Dress cabinet(1)It is interior for resistance wire(42)The battery of working power is provided, installation cabinet is arranged on(1)It is interior to control resistance wire for performing (42)The relay KA of on/off, it is arranged on installation cabinet(1)The interior receiver of remote-control sytem for the action of control relay KA(46)、 It is hand-held to receiver of remote-control sytem(46)The remote control transmitter of wireless transmission on/off commands(47)And it is arranged on installation cabinet(1)On Power switch(45);Described aid includes lifting apparatus(5), insulated sling(6), 2 thoroughly do away with edge pull ropes(7)And Lifting pulley;
Foreign matter sweep-out method is comprised the following steps:
1. lifting pulley is installed:1 operating personnel selects suitable shaft tower, carrying to hang on the overhead transmission line for needing to remove foreign matter Dress pulley and insulated sling(6)Bar is stepped on, lifting pulley is first fixedly mounted on the top of shaft tower, then by insulated sling(6) Hang under the cooperation of Ground Operation personnel and take lifting apparatus(5), then by insulated sling(6)Hang down to ground;
2. auxiliary ropes are installed:Ground Operation personnel are according to the suitable suspension centre of electric power line pole tower type selecting by insulated sling(6) Lower end be fixedly connected with selected suspension centre;Cabinet is being installed(1)3 towing pads in select 2, by 2 thoroughly do away with edge pull ropes(7) One end and selected installation cabinet(1)2 towing pads be fixedly connected;
3. overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus lifting is reached the standard grade:Open the power switch of overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus (45), operating personnel utilizes insulated sling under the cooperation of Ground Operation personnel on bar(6)With lifting pulley by overhead transmission line Road foreign body eliminating apparatus are hung to after power transmission line horizontal level, and operating personnel utilizes lifting apparatus on bar(5)Adjustment overhead power transmission The position of circuit foreign body eliminating apparatus, 2 insulating cords of Ground Operation personnel control(7)It is matched, overhead transmission line is different 2 rollers of thing remove device(3)It is articulated on power transmission line;
4. the traction of overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus is in place:Ground Operation personnel thoroughly do away with edge pull rope using 2(7)Will be built on stilts Electric line foreign matter remove device is drawn on power transmission line at foreign matter place, Ground Operation personnel's remote control transmitter(47)Xiang Yao Control receiver(46)Transmission turns on the power order, remote control transmitter(47)Receive control relay KA after order and obtain electric work connection Resistance wire(42)Power supply;
5. foreign matter is removed:Resistance wire(42)After being powered 20 seconds, surface personnel thoroughly does away with edge pull rope using 2(7)Hitch frame Empty electric line foreign matter remove device is using the red resistance wire of burning(42)Foreign matter on power transmission line is purged;
6. complete powered-down:After foreign matter is removed and finished on circuit, Ground Operation personnel's remote control transmitter(47)To receiver of remote-control sytem (46)Send and close power command, remote control transmitter(47)Receive control relay KA action off resistance silk after order(42)'s Power supply;
7. withdraw:Operating personnel and Ground Operation personnel work in coordination overhead transmission line foreign body eliminating apparatus and lift on bar Device(5)Fetch ground;Operating personnel carries lifting pulley lower beam, the end of job on bar.
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CN105655922B (en) * 2016-03-29 2017-06-30 河北工业大学 The combined type automatic dirt cleaning device of Medial & Low Voltage Power Network overhead transmission line

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