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CN105383457A - Brake pedal assembly for FSC racing bicycle - Google Patents

Brake pedal assembly for FSC racing bicycle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105383457A
CN105383457A CN 201510953310 CN201510953310A CN105383457A CN 105383457 A CN105383457 A CN 105383457A CN 201510953310 CN201510953310 CN 201510953310 CN 201510953310 A CN201510953310 A CN 201510953310A CN 105383457 A CN105383457 A CN 105383457A
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CN
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
pedal
brake
braking
bicycle
force
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201510953310
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陆海
张更娥
范毅
禤旭旸
梁巍
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南宁学院
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60TVEHICLE BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF; BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF, IN GENERAL; ARRANGEMENT OF BRAKING ELEMENTS ON VEHICLES IN GENERAL; PORTABLE DEVICES FOR PREVENTING UNWANTED MOVEMENT OF VEHICLES; VEHICLE MODIFICATIONS TO FACILITATE COOLING OF BRAKES
    • B60T7/00Brake-action initiating means
    • B60T7/02Brake-action initiating means for personal initiation
    • B60T7/04Brake-action initiating means for personal initiation foot actuated
    • B60T7/06Disposition of pedal

Abstract

The invention provides a brake pedal assembly for an FSC racing bicycle. A front brake master pump and a rear brake master pump are fixed to supporting plates on the two sides of the base respectively, push rod forks are fixed to piston rods of the front brake master pump and the rear brake master pump respectively, the push rod forks are fixed to the two ends of a braking force balance rod, and the braking force balance rod is arranged on the middle-lower part of a pedal arm; the lower end of the pedal arm is movably arranged on the supporting plates on the two sides of the base through supporting bolts, and the upper end of the pedal arm is fixedly provided with a pedal. By means of the brake pedal assembly, a driver can adjust the allocation proportion of front braking force and rear braking force at any time through a rotary knob, so that the braking force of the four wheels of the racing bicycle is uniform, rapid adjustment can be achieved without parking and detaching a bicycle body, if brake oil of any pipe leaks, the braking pedal exceeds the normal braking stroke and contacts an overstroke switch, an engine extinguishes automatically, and it is guaranteed that the racing bicycle can slow down and conduct parking as soon as possible.

Description

一种FSG赛车的刹车踏板总成 One kind of FSG racing brake pedal assembly

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种FSC赛车的刹车踏板总成。 [0001] The present invention relates to a brake pedal assembly FSC car.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]中国大学生方程式汽车大赛(简称“中国FSC”)是一项由高等院校汽车工程或汽车相关专业在校学生组队参加的汽车设计与制造比赛。 [0002] Chinese Formula Student car race (referred to as "China FSC") is an automotive engineering from the universities or auto-related professional students team up to participate in the design and manufacture of automotive competition. 各参赛车队按照赛事规则和赛车制造标准,在一年的时间内自行设计和制造出一辆在加速、制动、操控性等方面具有优异表现的小型单人座休闲赛车,能够成功完成全部或部分赛事环节的比赛。 All participating teams according to race rules and racing manufacturing standards, to design and produce in a year's time in acceleration, terms of braking, handling and other small single-seater racing has excellent leisure performance, can be completed successfully or part of the race part of the game. 而赛车的刹车系统作为赛车的一个操纵安全系统,对赛车的性能影响较大,而比赛规则明确规定赛车在紧急制动时四个车轮应该能够同时抱死而不跑偏,这样以平价赛车有足够的制动力,这样的要求对赛车却是一个严重的技术难题,如果制动不达标,将不能上赛道行驶。 The car's braking system as a racing steering safety system, a large impact on the performance of the car, and clearly defined rules of the game racing during emergency braking four wheels should be able to simultaneously lock without deviation, so the car has to parity sufficient braking force, such a requirement on the car but it is a serious technical problem, if the brake is not compliance, will not be on the racetrack. 而制动系统的设计和布置决定了赛车的行驶操纵稳定性和驾驶安全性。 The design and layout of the brake system determines the running car steering stability and driving safety.

[0003] 为了保证能够有足够大的制动力制动抱死车轮,而且又要能够方便快捷地调节前后制动力分配,使得每个车轮同时抱死。 [0003] To ensure that a sufficiently large braking force locking the wheels, but also have to be able to quickly and easily adjust the front-rear braking force distribution, so that each of the wheels lock simultaneously.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了一种FSC赛车的刹车踏板总成,该FSC赛车的刹车踏板总成通过让前后制动力分配可调,并且是通过软轴布置于仪表板旁边进行调节,不需要停车拆开车身进行调节,达到快速调节的效果,而且在驾驶员经过制动试验感受之后自己进行调节,达到能够精确的掌握赛车制动力分配情况,调节更精确。 [0004] In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a car brake pedal assembly FSC, FSC the car by the brake pedal assembly is adjustable so that the front and rear braking force distribution, and is disposed through the flexible shaft next to the instrument panel adjusted, disassembled vehicle body does not need to stop adjustment, adjustment to achieve rapid results, but after the driver to adjust the brake feel test themselves, to be able to accurately grasp the car power distribution system, a more accurate adjustment.

[0005] 本发明通过以下技术方案得以实现。 [0005] The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions.

[0006] 本发明提供的一种FSC赛车的刹车踏板总成,包括踏板、踏板臂、推杆叉、制动力平衡杆、支撑螺栓、底座、前刹车总栗和后刹车总栗;所述前刹车总栗和后刹车总栗分别固定于底座两侧的支撑板上,且所述前刹车总栗和后刹车总栗的活塞杆上均固定设置有推杆叉,所述推杆叉分别固定于制动力平衡杆的两端,所述制动力平衡杆通过轴承安装在踏板臂的中下部;所述踏板臂的下端通过支撑螺栓活动安装在底座两侧的支撑板上,上端固定设置有踏板。 [0006] A brake pedal assembly FSC race provided by the present invention, including a pedal, a pedal arm, a push rod yoke, the braking force Ping Heng pole, a support bolt, the base, the front brake and the rear brake total total Li Li; the front total and rear brake brake total Li Li are fixed to both sides of the base support plate and the front brake piston rod and the rear brake total total Li Li are fixed to the push rod is provided with a fork, said fork respectively fixed pusher the braking force at both ends of the stabilizer bar, the Ping Heng bar braking force in the lower portion of the pedal arm mounted by bearings; the lower end of the pedal arm on both sides of the support plate is mounted on a base by supporting bolts activity, provided with a pedal fixed to the upper end .

[0007] 所述底座的肋板上部还固定设置有制动开关,且制动开关的开关臂朝踏板臂方向放置。 [0007] The rib portion of the base plate is further provided with a brake switch is fixed, and the brake switch is placed in the switching arm toward the direction of the pedal arm.

[0008] 所述底座的肋板下部还固定安装有超行程保护开关。 [0008] The lower portion of the base plate is also fixedly mounted with a rib overtravel protection switch.

[0009] 所述制动力平衡杆的一端还固定连接有制动力调节软轴,制动力调节软轴的另一端与调节旋钮连接。 End [0009] The braking force of the Ping Heng bar is also fixed to the flexible shaft connected to a braking force adjustment, the other end of the braking force adjustment knob connected to the flexible shaft.

[0010] 所述调节旋钮固定安装于赛车的仪表板旁。 [0010] The adjusting knob fixedly mounted next to the car dashboard.

[0011] 本发明的有益效果在于:驾驶员能够通过旋钮随时调节前后制动力分配比例,使得赛车制动力四轮均匀,可以达到不需停车不需拆卸车身进行快速调节,能够在刹车时点亮刹车灯,如果发生任意一条管路制动油发现意外渗漏的情况,制动踏板就会超出正常制动行程碰触超行程开关,使发动机自动熄火,保证赛车尽快减速停车。 [0011] Advantageous effects of the present invention is that: the driver can always adjust knob rear braking force distribution ratio, so that the braking force of the car even four, can be achieved without stopping quickly adjusted without dismantling the vehicle body, can be illuminated when the brakes brake lights, if any one line accidental leakage of the brake oil discovery occurs, the brake pedal will touch beyond the normal brake stroke overtravel switch the engine off automatically, as soon as possible to ensure that the car deceleration stop.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0012] 图1是本发明的结构示意图; [0012] FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention;

[0013] 图中:1-踏板,2-踏板臂,3-推杆叉,4-制动力平衡杆,5-支撑螺栓,6_制动力调节软轴,7-调节旋钮,8-底座,81-肋板,9-前刹车总栗,10-连接螺栓,11-后刹车总栗,12-超行程保护开关,13-制动开关。 [0013] FIG: 1- pedal, the pedal arm 2-, 3- pusher forks, 4- braking force Ping Heng bar, 5-studs, braking force adjustment flexible shaft 6_, 7-knob, 8 base, 81- ribs, front brake total Li 9-, 10- connecting bolts, the total brake Li 11-, 12- overtravel protection switch, 13 a brake switch.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0014] 下面进一步描述本发明的技术方案,但要求保护的范围并不局限于所述。 [0014] The following further aspect of the present invention is described, but the scope of the claims is not limited to the.

[0015] 如图1所示的一种FSC赛车的刹车踏板总成,包括踏板1、踏板臂2、推杆叉3、制动力平衡杆4、支撑螺栓5、底座8、前刹车总栗9和后刹车总栗11 ;所述前刹车总栗9和后刹车总栗11分别固定于底座8两侧的支撑板上,且所述前刹车总栗9和后刹车总栗11的活塞杆上均固定设置有推杆叉3,所述推杆叉3分别固定于制动力平衡杆4的两端,所述制动力平衡杆4通过轴承安装在踏板臂2的中下部;所述踏板臂2的下端通过支撑螺栓5活动安装在底座8两侧的支撑板上,上端固定设置有踏板1。 [0015] A FSC car shown in Figure 1 the brake pedal assembly includes a pedal 1, the pedal arm 2 and the push rod fork 3, a braking force Ping Heng pole 4, the support bolt 5, the base 8, the front brake 9 total Li Li and the rear brake 11 total; the total of the front brake and the rear brake 9 Li Li total 11 are fixed to the support plate 8 on both sides of the base, and the front brake and the rear brake 9 total Li Li total piston rod 11 are fixed on fork 3 is provided with a push rod, the push rod yoke 3 are fixed to both ends of the braking force of the Ping Heng bar 4, the braking power Ping Heng bar in the lower portion 4 through a bearing mounted in the pedal arm 2; the pedal arm 2 the lower mounting bolt 5 is supported by the support plate 8 activity in both sides of the base, fixed to the upper end of the pedal 1 is provided. 踏板1固定在刹车踏板臂2的上端,为踏板1提供一个较大面积的踩踏区域。 The upper end of the brake pedal 1 is fixed to the pedal arm 2, a larger area of ​​the pedal 1 depressed region. 踏板臂2下端通过支撑螺栓5栓活动连接在底座8的前端,踏板臂2可以围绕支撑螺栓5转动,而且踏板臂2在保证有足够的强度和刚度的前提下采用镂空处理,能够减轻重量。 2 the lower end of the pedal arm are connected by support bolt 5 bolt activities at the front end, the pedal arm base 8 is 2 may be around the support bolt 5 is rotated, and the pedal arm 2 A hollow handle in ensuring sufficient strength and rigidity of the premise, it is possible to reduce the weight. 所述制动力平衡杆4通过关节轴承连接在制动踏板臂2的中下部,起到阻力臂短的作用,能够放大脚部的踩踏力达到足够大的制动力效果。 The braking force Ping Heng pole 4 is connected by a joint bearing in the lower portion of the brake pedal arm 2, plays the role of the short arm of the resistance, it is possible to enlarge the leg treading force reaches a sufficiently large braking effect.

[0016] 所述底座8的肋板81上部还固定设置有制动开关13,且制动开关13的开关臂朝踏板臂2方向放置。 The upper rib 81 [0016] fixed to the base 8 is further provided with a brake switch 13, and the brake pedal 2 toward the direction of the switch arm switching arm 13 is placed. 制动开关13固定在底座的肋板81上,布置于刹车踏板臂2后端,其开关臂由刹车踏板臂2后部推动,达到踩踏刹车时制动开关打开的状态。 Brake switch 13 is fixed on the base plate 81 of the rib disposed at the rear end of the brake pedal arm 2, which switching arm is pushed by the rear brake pedal arm 2, the brake switch is ON when the depression reaches the brake.

[0017] 所述底座8的肋板81下部还固定安装有超行程保护开关12。 The [0017] ribs 81 are also fixed to the base 8 is attached to the lower overtravel protection switch 12. 超行程保护开关12固定在底座8的肋板81的下部,布置于刹车踏板臂后端,位置比制动开关靠后,正常情况下与刹车踏板臂2不接触保持一定的距离,当某个管路中的制动液渗漏,踏板1就会失去一边刹车总栗的反作用力,使得刹车踏板臂2行程超过正常刹车范围碰触到超行程保护开关,导致发动机系统熄火并在另一个没有泄露制动液的系统制动力作用下使赛车尽快停车,避免事故发生。 Overtravel protection switch 12 is fixed to the lower rib 81 of the base 8 is disposed at the rear end of the brake pedal arm, a position rearward than the rear brake switch 2 is not normally in contact with the brake pedal arm to maintain a certain distance, when a leakage of brake fluid conduit, one side of the brake pedal 1 will lose the total Li reaction force, so that the stroke of the brake pedal arm 2 exceeds the range of normal braking touches overtravel protection switch, results in the engine system and the other not stall the system braking force of the brake fluid leaks under the car park as soon as possible, to avoid accidents.

[0018] 所述制动力平衡杆4的一端还固定连接有制动力调节软轴6,制动力调节软轴6的另一端与调节旋钮7连接。 [0018] The braking force Ping Heng pole 4 is also fixedly connected at one end with a braking force adjustment flexible shaft 6, the other end of the flexible shaft braking force adjustment knob 6 and 7. 制动力平衡杆4两边都有螺纹,制动力平衡杆4通过销与推杆叉3固定连接,通过销将踏板1的力传递给推杆叉3。 Braking force Ping Heng on both sides threaded rod 4, the braking force Ping Heng bar with the push rod 4 by the fork pin 3 is fixedly connected by a pin to transfer force to the pedal tappet fork 3. 制动力调节软轴6 —端连接在制动力平衡杆4的一端,另一端连接有调节旋钮7,调节旋钮7安装在赛车的仪表板旁边,只要转动调节旋钮7,转动力就可以通过制动力调节软轴6带动制动力调节杆4转动,使得在其左右的插销带着活塞推杆叉在螺纹力作用下左右移动,达到调节前后刹车总栗活塞推杆相对刹车踏板臂间的距离的作用。 Braking force adjustment flexible shaft 6 - simply by turning the adjusting end is connected to 7, the rotary knob rotational force by braking force can Ping Heng pole 4 at one end and the other end is connected to adjustment knob 7, the knob 7 is mounted next to the car's dashboard, adjusting the flexible shaft 6 rotatably driven braking force adjustment lever 4, so that with the latch in its left and right fork ram piston to move around under the thread force, the front and rear brakes to regulate the total Li piston push rod relative to the distance between the brake pedal arm .

[0019] 本发明在保证足够前后制动力的前提下,提出一种FSC赛车可调制动力分配的刹车踏板总成,能够让前后制动力分配可调,并且是通过软轴布置于仪表板旁边进行调节,不需要停车拆开车身进行调节,达到快速调节的效果,而且在驾驶员经过制动试验感受之后自己进行调节,达到能够精确的掌握赛车制动力分配情况,调节更精确。 [0019] In the present invention back and forth to ensure sufficient braking force premise, can be modulated to provide a power distribution FSC car brake pedal assembly, it can be made adjustable so that the power distribution before and after, and is disposed through the flexible shaft next to the instrument panel adjusting, does not require disassembly of the vehicle body adjustable stop, adjustment to achieve rapid results, but after the driver to adjust the brake feel test themselves, to be able to accurately grasp the car power distribution system, a more accurate adjustment.

[0020] 综上所述,本发明具有以下有益效果:快速制动力分配调节,使得赛车制动力四轮均匀,能达到使刹车灯点亮的功能,具有制动液渗漏发动机熄火保护功能。 [0020] In summary, the present invention has the following advantages: quick adjusting braking force distribution, the braking force that the car four evenly, so that the brake lamp lighting can achieve the function of having the engine stall brake fluid leakage protection.

Claims (5)

1.一种FSC赛车的刹车踏板总成,包括踏板(1)、踏板臂(2)、推杆叉(3)、制动力平衡杆(4)、支撑螺栓(5)、底座(8)、前刹车总栗(9)和后刹车总栗(11),其特征在于:所述前刹车总栗(9)和后刹车总栗(11)分别固定于底座(8)两侧的支撑板上,且所述前刹车总栗(9)和后刹车总栗(11)的活塞杆上均固定设置有推杆叉(3),所述推杆叉(3)分别固定于制动力平衡杆(4)的两端,所述制动力平衡杆(4)通过轴承安装在踏板臂(2)的中下部; 所述踏板臂(2)的下端通过支撑螺栓(5)活动安装在底座(8)两侧的支撑板上,上端固定设置有踏板(1)。 A FSC car brake pedal assembly comprising a pedal (1), the pedal arm (2), a fork pusher (3), the braking force Ping Heng bar (4), a support bolt (5), the base (8), total Li front brake (9) and the rear brake total Li (11), characterized in that: said front brake total Li (9) and the rear brake total Li (11) are fixed to the support plate (8) on both sides of the base , and the total Li on the front brake (9) and the rear brake total Li (11) are fixed to a piston rod is provided with a fork pusher (3), the push rod yoke (3) are fixed to the braking force Ping Heng bar ( 4) at both ends, the brake force Ping Heng bar (4) by a bearing mounted in the lower portion of the pedal arm (2); a lower end of the pedal arm (2) via supporting bolts (5) movably mounted on the base (8) both sides of the support plate, fixed to an upper end provided with a pedal (1).
2.如权利要求1所述的FSC赛车的刹车踏板总成,其特征在于:所述底座(8)的肋板(81)上部还固定设置有制动开关(13),且制动开关(13)的开关臂朝踏板臂(2)方向放置。 2. FSC car brake pedal assembly according to claim 1, wherein: said base (8) of the rib (81) is also fixed to an upper portion provided with a brake switch (13), and a brake switch ( 13) the switching arm towards the pedal arm (2) direction is placed.
3.如权利要求1或2所述的FSC赛车的刹车踏板总成,其特征在于:所述底座(8)的肋板(81)下部还固定安装有超行程保护开关(12)。 FSC racing or the brake pedal assembly 12 as claimed in claim, wherein: said base (8) of the rib (81) has a lower portion fixedly mounted further overtravel protection switch (12).
4.如权利要求1或2所述的FSC赛车的刹车踏板总成,其特征在于:所述制动力平衡杆(4)的一端还固定连接有制动力调节软轴(6),制动力调节软轴(6)的另一端与调节旋钮(7)连接。 4. FSC car brake pedal assembly of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: one end of the braking force Ping Heng bar (4) is fixedly connected with a further braking force adjustment flexible shaft (6), the braking force adjustment the other end of the flexible shaft (6) connected to the adjusting knob (7).
5.如权利要求4所述的FSC赛车的刹车踏板总成,其特征在于:所述调节旋钮(7)固定安装于赛车的仪表板旁。 5. The car 4 FSC said brake pedal assembly as claimed in claim, wherein: said adjusting knob (7) fixedly mounted next to the car dashboard.
CN 201510953310 2015-12-18 2015-12-18 Brake pedal assembly for FSC racing bicycle CN105383457A (en)

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乔军奎,等: "FSAE方程式赛车制动系统的设计", 《汽车工程学报》 *
邓召文,唐俊祥: "FSAE赛车制动系统优化设计", 《汽车实用技术》 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105946577A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-09-21 姚建龙 Emergency parking device, system and method

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