CN105364224B - A kind of tapping machine - Google Patents

A kind of tapping machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105364224B
CN105364224B CN201510898330.1A CN201510898330A CN105364224B CN 105364224 B CN105364224 B CN 105364224B CN 201510898330 A CN201510898330 A CN 201510898330A CN 105364224 B CN105364224 B CN 105364224B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
groove
tapping machine
rod
fixture
hole
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510898330.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105364224A (en
Inventor
刘自力
Original Assignee
重庆锐佳机械有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 重庆锐佳机械有限公司 filed Critical 重庆锐佳机械有限公司
Priority to CN201510898330.1A priority Critical patent/CN105364224B/en
Publication of CN105364224A publication Critical patent/CN105364224A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105364224B publication Critical patent/CN105364224B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of tapping machine, belongs to machining tool field, including tapping machine body and at least two transfer devices, the bottom of tapping machine body is base, and the two bottom sides of base are provided with groove, the first blind hole corresponding with groove is provided with the top of base;Each transfer device includes raising part, two fixtures and at least two walking parts, fixture is provided with U-shaped groove and embedded groove, projection is provided with the inside of one of side wall of U-shaped groove, another side wall is provided with through hole, rod member is equipped with through hole, is rotated in the side wall of embedded groove and is provided with gear;Raising part includes fixed plate, and the left and right ends of fixed plate are respectively embedded into the insertion groove of two fixtures, and the side of fixed plate is vertically provided with rack, rack and pinion engagement.By the way that transfer device is arranged on tapping machine body and rotates joystick, tapping machine body departs from ground and walking part contact ground, can carry out position transfer whenever and wherever possible.

Description

A kind of tapping machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to machining tool field, in particular to a kind of tapping machine.
Background technology
Tapping machine is a kind of lathe with screw tap machining internal thread, and it is a kind of most widely used internal thread machining machine Bed, according to national machinery standard, tapping machine series, which is formed, is divided into bench tapping machine, semi-automatic bench tapping machine, vertical tapping machine And Horizontal tap.
For the tapping machine of the types such as bench tapping machine, it may may require that carry out position movement in use, Prior art is shifted using equipment such as fork trucks, and this move mode is relatively complicated, also, in machining place It is interior, move that space is very small, and fork truck is difficult with.
The content of the invention
The invention provides a kind of tapping machine, improved above mentioned problem.
What the present invention was realized in:
A kind of tapping machine, including:
Tapping machine body, the bottom of the tapping machine body is base, and the base is provided with leg, the base and ground Gap between face be present, the two bottom sides of the base are provided with groove, and the bottom wall of the groove is zigzag, the base Top be provided with least two first blind hole corresponding with the groove, the spacing between jagged two teeth and two institutes The spacing stated between the axial line of the first blind hole is equal;
At least two transfer devices, each transfer device include raising part, two fixtures and at least two walkings Part, the fixture are internally provided with horizontal U-shaped groove, and the side of the remote base of the fixture is vertically arranged There is embedded groove, the base can be embedded in the U-shaped groove, and the inner side of one of side wall of the U-shaped groove is set There is the projection that can be embedded in the groove, another side wall is provided with through hole, and it can be embedded in by being equipped with the through hole In rod member in first blind hole, the top surface of the projection is corresponding with the zigzag of the groove for zigzag, and institute The length for stating groove is more than the length of the projection, is rotated in the side wall of the embedded groove and is provided with gear, the gear Length direction of the rotational axis line along the U-shaped groove is set, and is provided with the fixture for controlling the pinion rotation Joystick;
The raising part includes fixed plate, and the left and right ends of the fixed plate are respectively embedded into the described of two fixtures In embedded groove, the side of the fixed plate is vertically provided with rack, and the rack engages with the gear, and the walking part is set Put in the fixed plate.
The leg of tapping machine body causes gap between the bottom surface of base and ground be present, the convenient energy in mobile tapping machine It is enough that fixture is arranged on base.During installation, the U-shaped groove of fixture is directed at base and is caught in, adjusts the position of fixture To put, make projection corresponding with groove and move up fixture, projection is caught in groove, now, the bottom wall of U-shaped groove and wherein one Individual side wall is brought into close contact with base, gap between another side wall and the top surface of base is present, the position of adjustment rod member, is made bar Part is embedded in the first blind hole, and projection and rod member collective effect clamp base, and the position of fixture is fixed.The both sides of base are both needed to Transfer device is used, in order to enable tapping machine body raising and keep balance.
Embedded groove refers to the groove through fixture, and its cross section be U-shaped, fixed plate is vertically placed and from being embedded in groove Top be put into, rack and pinion engagement, press down on fixed plate, rack drives pinion rotation, i.e. fixed plate are along embedded groove Move downward, until walking part contacts with ground, walking part can be directional wheel, universal wheel etc., it is of course also possible to pass through craft Rotate gear etc. declines rack.
Pinion rotation is made by joystick, because the height of rack is constant, then gear rises along rack, i.e., fixture and Tapping machine body is risen overally, and after the completion of lifting process, joystick is fixed, and gear no longer rotates, tapping machine body After being disengaged with ground, part of only walking is contacted with ground and can walked, so as to realize the movement of tapping machine position.In order to Tapping machine body is more smoothly increased, the gear of multiple transfer devices can be made while rotated, certainly, a transfer device Two interior gears can rotate simultaneously, can also only make one of rotation, and in fixed plate uphill process, rack drives are in addition One pinion rotation.
Further, rotated in the side wall of the fixture and be provided with least two rollers being vertically arranged side by side, it is described Gear and the roller are separately positioned in the relative side wall of the embedded groove, the rotational axis line of the gear with it is described The rotational axis line of roller is parallel, and the side of the remote gear of the fixed plate contacts with the roller, when the fixation When plate moves up and down, the roller can roll in the fixed plate.
Roller rolls in fixed plate so that and slip of the fixed plate in embedded groove is more smooth, reduction frictional resistance, Reduce abrasion, effectively improve the service life of transfer device.
Further, the fixture is made up of two half being detachably connected, the relative side of two half Wall is provided with semi-cylindrical groove, and the semi-cylindrical groove in two half can form the through hole, one of them The side wall of the semi-cylindrical groove is provided with the second blind hole, and extrusion spring and depression bar are set in second blind hole;
The rod member is stepped round bar, and the rod member includes active section and manipulates section, and the diameter for manipulating section is more than The diameter of the active section, is provided with (the first back-moving spring between the manipulation section and the fixture, the active section slides It is arranged in the through hole;
Chute is provided with the side wall of the active section, the chute includes lock slots, the lead-over groove of head and the tail connection successively With action groove, the lock slots are laterally set, and the action groove is vertically arranged, and the depth of the lock slots is more than the action groove Depth, the depth of the lead-over groove is gradually reduced from one end close to the lock slots to the other end, the one of the lead-over groove Hold depth identical with the depth of the lock slots, the other end depth of the lead-over groove is identical with the depth of the action groove;
When pressing down on the manipulation section, the (the first back-moving spring compression, the depression bar slides simultaneously along the action groove Enter under the thrust of the extrusion spring in the lock slots, now, the active section is along the through hole slide downward And stretch into first blind hole;After rotating the rod member and the depression bar is slid into along the lock slots in the lead-over groove, The (the first back-moving spring promotes the rod member to rise, the depression bar is slided along the lead-over groove and enter it is described act in groove and Compress the extrusion spring.
It is to place extrusion spring and depression bar in the second blind hole and support depression bar that two half, which form a fixture, Firmly chute, two half are fixed after rod member is placed in through hole.Extrusion spring can apply certain active force to depression bar, Depression bar is propped up chute all the time and change in location can occur with the depth of chute.When the position of fixture is fixed and projection After in embedded groove, the manipulation section of rod member is pressed, rod member moves downward in through hole, and now, depression bar can be sliding in action groove Dynamic, the state of extrusion spring is constant, until depression bar is reached in lock slots, extrusion spring promotes depression bar to prop up lock slots, and depression bar makes Rod member can not continue to move downward and can not also depart from out of first blind hole, between projection and groove, rod member and the first blind hole it Between collective effect fixture is fixed on base.Now optimal state is the bottom that rod member props up the first blind hole, certainly, this It is not absolute, even if rod member does not prop up the bottom of the first blind hole, due to the effect of tapping machine self gravitation, still can makes Fixture is fixed on base.
When needing to unload fixture, it is only necessary to rod member is rotated around Pivot Point Center line by manipulating section, you can to slide depression bar Move to lead-over groove, then in the presence of (the first back-moving spring, rod member moves so as to depart from the first blind hole upwards.This structure Fixture is securely fixed on base, it is fixed after structure it is relatively stable, and install, dismantle etc. and be very square Just, labor intensity is effectively reduced, improves operating efficiency.
Further, it is detachably connected between two half by bolt.
Bolt make it that the dismounting between two half is very convenient, and manufacture installation cost is relatively low, Stability Analysis of Structures, effectively improves Operating efficiency.
Further, the through hole is screwed hole, and the rod member is bolt, and the rod member engages with the through hole whorl.
Screwed hole cooperates with bolt, when needing fixed disassembly part, it is only necessary to screw bolt, structure, operation It is relatively simple, but the rotating cycle of bolt is more.
Further, connected between the fixed plate and the walking part by quantity regulating part, the quantity regulating part Including housing, screw mandrel and half-nut, the half-nut is semi-circular, and the central angle of the half-nut is less than or equal to 180 °, institute Housing is stated as tubular and is arranged on the side of the fixed plate, the screw mandrel is rotatably supported in the enclosure interior, the screw mandrel One end be provided with rotational handle;
The side wall of the housing includes insert port, rotation mouth and the positioning port being sequentially communicated, and the insert port is positioned at described The top or oblique upper of housing, circumferentially disposed, the axial direction of the positioning port along the housing for rotating housing described in opening's edge Direction is arranged on the bottom of the housing;
The half-nut is fixedly connected with the walking part by connecting rod, and the half-nut can pass through the insert port Stretch into the housing and engaged with the screw mandrel, the width of the width for rotating mouth and the positioning port is respectively less than described half The length of nut, make it is described walking part around the screw mandrel rotates when, the connecting rod by it is described rotation mouth and entrance it is described fixed Position is intraoral, and when the connecting rod is located in the positioning port, the half-nut is located at the inwall of the screw mandrel and the housing Between, when rotating the screw mandrel, the half-nut can slide along direction where the axial line of the screw mandrel in the housing.
Half-nut can be half of nut or the nut less than half, be to be unloaded from screw mandrel Under.The oblique upper that insert port is located at housing is in order to not influence other walking part normal works when part is walked in dismounting, specifically For:In order that walking part is located at the bottom of housing, positioning port must be positioned at the bottom of housing, if insert port is set directly at into shell The bottom of body, cancel and rotate mouth and insert port is directly connected with positioning port, then when part is walked in installation, it is necessary to which base is lifted It could be installed, be difficult in actual use.And insert port is placed on to the oblique upper of housing, then it can not influence In the case of other walking part work, half-nut is put into housing by insert port, walking part is located at the outside of housing, makes row When walking the axial line rotation of part wire winding rod, half-nut is engaged with screw mandrel, and connecting rod is slided along mouth is rotated, and changes the position of walking part Put, until connecting rod is reached in positioning port, part of now walking contacts with ground, then makes walking part along calmly by rotary screw The direction movement of position mouth, realizes the installation of walking number of packages amount, unloading process is in contrast.Certainly, if half-nut reaches silk The end of bar, then screw mandrel can not be rotated further, can only rotate backward, in order that this problem is improved, can both increase silk The length of bar, make a certain distance be present between half-nut and the end of screw mandrel, conveying end can also be set in the end of housing Deng, conveying end can be similar with the set-up mode of insert port, between conveying end and positioning port can also use and rotate mouth structure Similar structure.
Further, the both ends of the screw mandrel by bearing rotating support in the housing.
Bearing make it that the rotation of screw mandrel is more smooth, reduces frictional resistance and frictional dissipation.
Further, it is provided with support plate on the housing, the support plate is bonded and removable by bolt with the fixed plate Unload connection.
Support plate is connected with fixed plate by bolt, the dismounting of housing is easier.
Further, in addition to the mechanism that is locked, the mechanism that is locked include fixed ring gear, fastening lid and second Back-moving spring, one end of the fixture are provided with the positioning section of tubulose, and the fixed ring gear and the fastening lid are arranged at The outside of the positioning section, the second back-moving spring are set in the outside of the positioning section, and the two of the second back-moving spring End is respectively held against the fixture and the fastening lid, and the outer circumference face of the fixed ring gear is provided with embedded groove, the control Handle processed is connected with the pinion rotation, and the joystick can be turned in the embedded embedded groove, and the fastening lid is set Shoulder hole is equipped with, the maximum inner diameter of the shoulder hole is more than the external diameter of the fixed ring gear, and the minimum diameter of the shoulder hole is small In the external diameter of the fixed ring gear, the step surface of the fastening lid can prop up described in the presence of the second back-moving spring Fixed ring gear, the joystick can extend into the fastening lid and solid in the presence of the fastening lid and the embedded groove It is fixed.
After using transfer device by tapping machine body lifting, because the Action of Gravity Field of tapping machine body, fixture are oriented The trend of lower motion, i.e. gear may rotate, so that tapping machine body drops, cause potential safety hazard.Therefore, use Joystick is fixed locking and fixing device, and after the position of joystick is fixed, gear can not rotate, therefore, gear and The relative position of rack keeps constant, avoids tapping machine body from dropping.Locking and fixing device can also use ratchet structure etc..
The specific locking mode of locking and fixing device is:After the completion of the position adjustments of tapping machine body, control hand is kept Handle is fixed, and pulls fastening lid, and fastening lid is directed away from fixing the direction movement of ring gear, second back-moving spring compression, fixed ring gear Expose, the structure of fixed ring gear is referred to fluted disc etc., i.e., the periphery of fixed ring gear has multiple embedded grooves, rotates control hand Handle, gradually change the angle between the axial line of joystick and the axial line of gear, until joystick is remote be hinged One end of point is embedded in embedded groove.Then fastening lid is unclamped, second back-moving spring promotes fastening lid close to ring gear is fixed, finally Fastening lid surrounds fixed ring gear, and the end of joystick is located in fastening lid, fastening lid and fixed ring gear collective effect, to control Handle processed carries out spacing, and joystick can not depart from, and because locking and fixing device connects with fixture, fixture remains stationary as, Then the position of joystick can not rotate, and then realize that gear can not rotate relative to fixture so that gear and rack Position fix, maintain the Stability Analysis of Structures of transfer device, drop, have caused by avoiding under the Action of Gravity Field of tapping machine body Effect reduces potential safety hazard.
Further, the step surface of the shoulder hole is provided with the expansion slot of ring-type, the joystick away from described One end of gear is stretched into the expansion slot.
If the length of joystick is longer, the end of joystick may prop up the platform of fastening lid after stretching into fastening lid Terrace, cause fastening lid can not be brought into close contact with fixed ring gear, and then cause locking and fixing device unstable.Set in shoulder hole After being equipped with expansion slot, even if joystick is longer, its end can be also stretched into expansion slot, and fastening lid can be with the side of fixed ring gear Wall is brought into close contact, and structure is more stable, effectively reduces potential safety hazard.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:By the way that transfer device is arranged on tapping machine body simultaneously Joystick is rotated, makes tapping machine body lifting, tapping machine body departs from ground and walking part contact ground, promotes tapping machine sheet Body can move it, so as to change its position, it is only necessary to which manually installed operation can be achieved, simple to operate, can be at any time Carry out position transfer everywhere, by site surrounding influenceed it is smaller.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is drilling machine schematic diagram provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 base partial sectional view;
Connection relationship diagram of the fixture with raising part that Fig. 3 is Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the right view of Fig. 1 fixture;
Fig. 5 is Fig. 4 sectional view;
Fig. 6 is Fig. 5 mechanism sectional view that is locked;
Fig. 7 is Fig. 4 half schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is Fig. 4 rod schematic representation;
Fig. 9 is Fig. 1 quantity regulating part schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is Fig. 9 close-up schematic view;
The half-nut and the connection relationship diagram of walking part that Figure 11 is Fig. 9.
Tapping machine body 101;Base 102;Leg 103;Groove 104;First blind hole 105;Raising part 106;Fixture 107;Walking part 108;Embedded groove 109;Projection 110;Through hole 111;Rod member 112;Gear 113;Joystick 114;Fixed plate 115;Rack 116;Roller 117;Half 118;Second blind hole 119;Active section 122;Manipulate section 123;(the first back-moving spring 124; Lock slots 125;Lead-over groove 126;Act groove 127;Quantity regulating part 128;Housing 129;Screw mandrel 130;Half-nut 131;Support plate 132;Rotational handle 133;Insert port 134;Rotate mouth 135;Positioning port 136;The mechanism that is locked 137;Fixed ring gear 138;Button Closing lid 139;Second back-moving spring 140;Positioning section 141;Expansion slot 142;U-shaped groove 143.
Embodiment
For the tapping machine of the types such as bench tapping machine, it may may require that carry out position movement in use, Prior art is shifted using equipment such as fork trucks, and this move mode is relatively complicated, also, in machining place It is interior, move that space is very small, and fork truck is difficult with.
In order that above mentioned problem is improved, the invention provides a kind of tapping machine, including tapping machine body and at least two Individual transfer device, the bottom of tapping machine body is base, and the two bottom sides of base are provided with groove, are provided with the top of base The first blind hole corresponding with groove;Each transfer device includes raising part, two fixtures and at least two walking parts, fixture Inside be " u "-shaped insertion groove, be provided with projection on the inside of one of side wall of fixture, another side wall is set There is through hole, rod member is equipped with through hole, is rotated in the side wall of fixture and is provided with gear;Raising part includes fixed plate, fixed plate Left and right ends be respectively embedded into the insertion groove of two fixtures, the side of fixed plate is vertically provided with rack, rack and tooth Wheel engagement.By the way that transfer device is arranged on tapping machine body and rotates joystick, make tapping machine body lifting, tapping machine Body departs from ground and walking part contact ground, promotes tapping machine body to move it, so as to change its position, it is only necessary to people Work installation operation can be achieved, simple to operate, can carry out position transfer whenever and wherever possible, by site surrounding influenceed compared with It is small.
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is Part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Therefore, below the detailed description of the embodiments of the invention to providing in the accompanying drawings be not intended to limit it is claimed The scope of the present invention, but be merely representative of the present invention selected embodiment.It is common based on the embodiment in the present invention, this area The every other embodiment that technical staff is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belong to the model that the present invention protects Enclose.
It should be noted that:Similar label and letter represents similar terms in following accompanying drawing, therefore, once a certain Xiang Yi It is defined, then it further need not be defined and explained in subsequent accompanying drawing in individual accompanying drawing.
In the description of the invention, it is necessary to explanation, term " " center ", " on ", " under ", "left", "right", " vertical ", The orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as " level ", " interior ", " outer " be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, or should Invention product using when the orientation usually put or position relationship, be for only for ease of the description present invention and simplify description, without It is instruction or implies that signified device or element there must be specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore not It is understood that as limitation of the present invention.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " etc. are only used for distinguishing description, and can not manage Solve to indicate or implying relative importance.
In the description of the invention, it is also necessary to explanation, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " setting ", " installation ", " connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected or be detachably connected, or one Connect body;Can be mechanical connection or electrical connection;Can be joined directly together, can also be indirect by intermediary It is connected, can is the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, on being understood with concrete condition State the concrete meaning of term in the present invention.
Fig. 1 is drilling machine schematic diagram provided in an embodiment of the present invention;Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 base partial sectional view;Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 Fixture and raising part connection relationship diagram;Fig. 4 is the right view of Fig. 1 fixture;Fig. 5 is Fig. 4 sectional view;Figure 6 be Fig. 5 mechanism sectional view that is locked;Fig. 7 is Fig. 4 half schematic diagram;Fig. 8 is Fig. 4 rod schematic representation;Fig. 9 is Fig. 1 Quantity regulating part schematic diagram;Figure 10 is Fig. 9 close-up schematic view;The connection of half-nut and walking part that Figure 11 is Fig. 9 Relation schematic diagram.
As Figure 1-Figure 11, the embodiments of the invention provide a kind of tapping machine, including tapping machine body 101 and at least two Individual transfer device.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the bottom of tapping machine body 101 is base 102, and the projection of base 102 in the horizontal plane can Think rectangle, leg 103 is provided with the bottom four corners of base 102, gap, base 102 between base 102 and ground be present Two bottom sides be provided with groove 104, the top of base 102 is provided with first blind hole 105 corresponding with groove 104, herein Correspondence be that position corresponds to up and down, be not to say that the two has mutual annexation etc.;The leg 103 of tapping machine body 101 So that gap between the bottom surface and ground of base 102 be present, it is convenient fixture 107 to be arranged on bottom in mobile tapping machine On seat 102.
As shown in figure 1, the quantity of transfer device is preferably two and is separately positioned on the left side and right side of base 102, often Individual transfer device includes 106, two fixtures 107 of raising part and walking part 108, herein preferably two walking parts 108, if having Need, can be increased, as shown in Figure 3-Figure 5, fixture 107 is internally provided with horizontal U-shaped groove 143, fixture The insertion groove 109 that the side of 107 remote base 102 is vertically provided with, U-shaped groove 143 and embedded groove 109 refer to run through The groove of fixture 107, its cross section are U-shaped, and base 102 can be embedded in U-shaped groove 143, U-shaped groove 143 one of them The projection 110 that can be embedded in groove 104 is provided with the inside of side wall, another side wall is provided with through hole 111, through hole 111 The rod member 112 that can be embedded in the first blind hole 105 is inside equipped with, is rotated in the side wall of embedded groove 109 and is provided with gear 113, Length direction of the rotational axis line of gear 113 along U-shaped groove 143 is set, and is provided with fixture 107 for controlling gear 113 joysticks 114 rotated.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 3, raising part 106 includes fixed plate 115, and the left and right ends of fixed plate 115 are respectively embedded into two In the insertion groove 109 of fixture 107, the side of fixed plate 115 is vertically provided with rack 116, and rack 116 is nibbled with gear 113 Close, walking part 108 is arranged in fixed plate 115.In order that gear 113 does not influence the miscellaneous part normal work in fixed plate, Fixed plate 115 can be designed to I-shaped.
The bottom wall of groove 104 and the top surface of projection 110 are zigzag, and the quantity of the first blind hole 105 is preferably two, when During the position relationship of the blind hole 105 of adjustment rod member 112 and first, the spacing between two fixtures can be made to change, so as to Adapt to the fixed plate 115 of different in width.
During installation, the U-shaped groove 143 of fixture 107 is directed at base 102 and is caught in, adjust the position of fixture 107, Making projection 110 corresponding with groove 104 and move up fixture 107, projection 110 is caught in groove 104, now, U-shaped groove 143 bottom wall and one of side wall are brought into close contact with base 102, are existed between the top surface of another side wall and base 102 Gap, the position of adjustment rod member 112, rod member 112 is set to be embedded in the first blind hole 105, projection 110 and the collective effect of rod member 112 will Base 102 is clamped, and the position of fixture 107 is fixed.The both sides of base 102 are required to use transfer device, in order to make tapping Machine body 101 being capable of raising and holding balance.
Fixed plate 115 vertically to be placed and is put into from the top of embedded groove 109, rack 116 engages with gear 113, to Lower pressing fixed plate 115, rack 116 rotate with moving gear 113, i.e., fixed plate 115 moves downward along embedded groove 109, until Walking part 108 contacts with ground, and walking part 108 can be directional wheel, universal wheel etc., it is of course also possible to pass through hand-turning tooth Wheel 113 etc. declines rack 116.
Gear 113 is rotated by joystick 114, because the height of rack 116 is constant, then gear 113 is along rack 116 Rise, i.e. fixture 107 and tapping machine body 101 rises overally, and after the completion of lifting process, joystick 114 is fixed, gear 113 are no longer rotated, and after tapping machine body 101 disengages with ground, part 108 of only walking is contacted with ground and can gone Walk, so as to realize the movement of tapping machine position.In order that tapping machine body 101 more smoothly rises, multiple transfers can be made The gear 113 of mechanism rotates simultaneously, and certainly, two gears 113 in a transfer device can rotate simultaneously, can also only make One of to rotate, in the uphill process of fixed plate 115, rack 116 drives another gear 113 to rotate.In order that fixed plate 115 can stablize, and gear 113 can be two, and one of them is driving link, and another is rotated under the drive of rack 116, It is of course also possible to the part for being not provided with gear 113 for being embedded in groove 109 is set to be bonded with fixed plate.
Rotated as the preferred scheme of the embodiment, in the side wall of fixture 107 and be provided with least two and vertically set side by side The roller 117 put, the quantity of roller 117 is preferably two, and gear 113 is separately positioned on the phase of embedded groove 109 with roller 117 To side wall on, the rotational axis line of gear 113 is parallel with the rotational axis line of roller 117 and in the horizontal plane, fixed plate The side of 115 remote gear 113 contacts with roller 117, and when fixed plate 115 moves up and down, roller 117 can be in fixed plate Rolled on 115.
Roller 117 rolls in fixed plate 115 so that and slip of the fixed plate 115 in embedded groove 109 is more smooth, Reduce frictional resistance, reduce abrasion, effectively improve the service life of transfer device.
The mechanism of rod member 112 is varied, as long as can realize that rod member 112 is stretched into the first blind hole 105, passes through projection 110 and the collective effect of rod member 112 base 102 is stepped up, for example, the structure of rod member 112 and through hole 111 can use but not It is limited to following scheme:
The first scheme, through hole 111 are screwed hole, and rod member 112 is bolt, and rod member 112 engages with the screw thread of through hole 111, spiral shell Pit cooperates with bolt, when needing fixed disassembly part 107, it is only necessary to screws bolt, structure, operation are more simple It is single, but the rotating cycle of bolt is more, it is more troublesome during operation.
As shown in fig. 7, another implementation as the embodiment, what fixture 107 was detachably connected by two Half 118 forms, it is preferable that is detachably connected between two half 118 by bolt, bolt causes between two half 118 Dismounting it is very convenient, manufacture installation cost it is relatively low, Stability Analysis of Structures, effectively improve operating efficiency.
As shown in fig. 7, the relative side wall of two half 118 is provided with semi-cylindrical groove, half in two half 118 Cylindrical groove can form through hole 111, and the side wall of one of semi-cylindrical groove is provided with the second blind hole 119, the second blind hole 119 Interior setting extrusion spring and depression bar;
As shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 8, rod member 112 is stepped round bar, and rod member 112 includes active section 122 and manipulates section 123, behaviour The diameter of vertical section 123 is more than the diameter of active section 122, manipulates and is provided with (the first back-moving spring between section 123 and fixture 107 124, active section 122 is slidably arranged in through hole 111.
As shown in figure 8, being provided with chute in the side wall of active section 122, chute includes the lock slots of head and the tail connection successively 125th, lead-over groove 126 and action groove 127, lock slots 125 are laterally set, and action groove 127 is vertically arranged, the depth of lock slots 125 More than the depth of action groove 127, the depth of lead-over groove 126 is gradually reduced from one end close to lock slots 125 to the other end, transition One end depth of groove 126 is identical with the depth of lock slots 125, the other end depth of lead-over groove 126 and the depth phase for acting groove 127 Together.
When pressing down on manipulation section 123, (the first back-moving spring 124 is compressed, and depression bar slides along action groove 127 and in extruding bullet Enter under the thrust of spring in lock slots 125, now, active section 122 is along the slide downward of through hole 111 and stretches into the first blind hole In 105;After revolving rod 112 makes depression bar be slid into along lock slots 125 in lead-over groove 126, (the first back-moving spring 124 promotes rod member 112 rise, and depression bar slides along lead-over groove 126 and enters in action groove 127 and compress extrusion spring.
It is to place extrusion spring and depression bar simultaneously in the second blind hole 119 that two half 118, which form a fixture 107, Depression bar is propped up chute, fix two half 118 after rod member 112 is placed in through hole 111.Extrusion spring can be to depression bar Apply certain active force, depression bar is propped up chute all the time and change in location can occur with the depth of chute.Work as fixation The position of part 107 fix and projection 110 be embedded in groove 104 in after, press rod member 112 manipulation section 123, rod member 112 is in through hole Moved downward in 111, now, depression bar can slide in action groove 127, and the state of extrusion spring is constant, until depression bar reaches In lock slots 125, extrusion spring promotes depression bar to prop up lock slots 125, depression bar cause rod member 112 can not continue to move downward also without Method departs from out of first blind hole 105, and collective effect makes between projection 110 and groove 104, between the blind hole 105 of rod member 112 and first Fixture 107 is fixed on base 102.Now optimal state is the bottom that rod member 112 props up the first blind hole 105, certainly, this It is not absolute, even if rod member 112 does not prop up the bottom of the first blind hole 105, due to the effect of tapping machine self gravitation, still So fixture 107 can be made to be fixed on base 102.
When needing to unload fixture 107, it is only necessary to rod member 112 is rotated around Pivot Point Center line by manipulating section 123, you can Depression bar is set to slide into lead-over groove 126, then in the presence of (the first back-moving spring 124, rod member 112 moves so as to depart from upwards First blind hole 105.This structure enables fixture 107 to be securely fixed on base 102, and the structure after fixing is more steady It is fixed, and install, dismantle etc. very convenient, effectively reduce labor intensity, raising operating efficiency.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 9-Figure 11, as the preferred scheme of the embodiment, lead between fixed plate 115 and walking part 108 Cross quantity regulating part 128 to connect, quantity regulating part 128 includes housing 129, screw mandrel 130 and half-nut 131, and half-nut 131 is half Annular, the central angle of half-nut 131 are less than or equal to 180 °, and housing 129 is tubular and is arranged on the side of fixed plate 115, excellent Selection of land, support plate 132 is provided with housing 129, support plate 132 is bonded with fixed plate 115 and is detachably connected by bolt, passes through spiral shell Bolt connects support plate 132 and fixed plate 115, and the dismounting of housing 129 is easier;Screw mandrel 130 is rotatably supported in housing 129 Portion, one end of screw mandrel 130 are provided with rotational handle 133, it is preferable that the both ends of screw mandrel 130 are by bearing rotating support in shell In body 129, bearing make it that the rotation of screw mandrel 130 is more smooth, reduces frictional resistance and frictional dissipation.
As shown in Figure 10, the side wall of housing 129 includes insert port 134, rotation mouth 135 and the positioning port 136 being sequentially communicated, Insert port 134 is located at the top or oblique upper of housing 129, in order that the size of insert port 134 is more suitable, can make half-nut 131 central angle is less than 90 °, rotates mouth 135 along the circumferentially disposed of housing 129, axial direction of the positioning port 136 along housing 129 It is arranged on the bottom of housing 129;The bar hole that mouth 135 refers to connect insert port 134 with positioning port 136 is rotated, and it is non-self It can rotate, play a part of transition.
Half-nut 131 is fixedly connected with walking part 108 by connecting rod, and half-nut 131 can stretch into through insert port 134 Engaged in housing 129 and with screw mandrel 130, the width of the width and positioning port 136 that rotate mouth 135 is respectively less than the length of half-nut 131 Degree, when making the rotation of the wire winding rod 130 of walking part 108, connecting rod is by rotating mouth 135 and entering in positioning port 136, when connecting rod position When in positioning port 136, half-nut 131 is located between screw mandrel 130 and the inwall of housing 129, during rotary screw rod 130, half-nut 131 can slide along direction where the axial line of screw mandrel 130 in housing 129.
Half-nut 131 can be half of nut or the nut less than half, be in order to can be from screw mandrel Unloaded on 130.The oblique upper that insert port 134 is located at housing 129 is to not influence other walkings when part 108 is walked in dismounting The normal work of part 108, it is specially:In order that walking part 108 is located at the bottom of housing 129, positioning port 136 must be positioned at housing 129 bottom, if insert port 134 to be set directly to the bottom of housing 129, cancel and rotate mouth 135 and make insert port 134 direct Connected with positioning port 136, then when part 108 is walked in installation, it is necessary to which lifting base 102 could be installed, and actually used In be difficult to.And insert port 134 is placed on to the oblique upper of housing 129, then it can be worked not influenceing other walking parts 108 In the case of, half-nut 131 is put into housing 129 by insert port 134, walking part 108 is located at the outside of housing 129, makes When the axial line of the walking wire winding rod 130 of part 108 rotates, half-nut 131 is engaged with screw mandrel 130, and connecting rod is slided along mouth 135 is rotated It is dynamic, change the position of walking part 108, until connecting rod is reached in positioning port 136, part 108 of now walking contacts with ground, then Direction of the walking part 108 along positioning port 136 is moved by rotary screw 130, the installation of the walking quantity of part 108 is realized, tears open Unload process in contrast.Certainly, if half-nut 131 reaches the end of screw mandrel 130, screw mandrel 130 can not be rotated further, only It can rotate backward, in order that this problem is improved, can both increase the length of screw mandrel 130, make half-nut 131 and screw mandrel A certain distance be present between 130 end, conveying end etc., conveying end and insert port can also be set in the end of housing 129 134 set-up mode can be similar, and the knot similar with rotating the structure of mouth 135 can also be used between conveying end and positioning port 136 Structure.
As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, the preferred scheme as the embodiment, fixture 107 also include the mechanism 137 that is locked, The mechanism that is locked 137 includes fixed ring gear 138, fastening lid 139 and second back-moving spring 140, and one end of fixture 107 is set There is the positioning section 141 of tubulose, fixed ring gear 138 and fastening lid 139 are arranged at the outside of positioning section 141, second back-moving spring 140 are set in the outside of positioning section 141, and the both ends of second back-moving spring 140 are respectively held against fixture 107 and fastening lid 139, Gu The outer circumference face of fixed tooth ring 138 is provided with embedded groove, and joystick 114 is rotatablely connected with gear 113, the energy of joystick 114 Enough turn in embedded embedded groove, fastening lid 139 is provided with shoulder hole, and the maximum inner diameter of shoulder hole is more than fixed ring gear 138 External diameter, the minimum diameter of shoulder hole are less than the external diameter of fixed ring gear 138, and the step surface of fastening lid 139 can reset bullet second Prop up fixed ring gear 138 in the presence of spring 140, joystick 114 can extend into fastening lid 139 and in fastening lid 139 and embedding Enter fixed in the presence of groove.
It is fixed due to the Action of Gravity Field of tapping machine body 101 after using transfer device by the lifting of tapping machine body 101 Part 107 has the trend moved downward, i.e. gear 113 may rotate, so that tapping machine body 101 drops, causes to pacify Full hidden danger.Therefore, joystick 114 is fixed using locking and fixing device, after the position fixation of joystick 114, tooth Wheel 113 can not rotate, and therefore, the relative position of gear 113 and rack 116 keeps constant, avoids tapping machine body 101 from dropping. Locking and fixing device can also use ratchet structure etc..
The specific locking mode of locking and fixing device is:After the completion of the position adjustments of tapping machine body 101, control is kept Handle 114 is fixed, and pulls fastening lid 139, and fastening lid 139 is directed away from fixing the direction movement of ring gear 138, second back-moving spring 140 compressions, fixed ring gear 138 expose, and the structure of fixed ring gear 138 is referred to fluted disc etc., i.e., the periphery of fixed ring gear 138 With multiple embedded grooves, joystick 114 is rotated, makes the folder between the axial line of joystick 114 and the axial line of gear 113 Angle gradually changes, until one end of the remote pin joint of joystick 114 is embedded in embedded groove.Then fastening lid 139 is unclamped, Second back-moving spring 140 promotes fastening lid 139 to surround fixed ring gear 138 close to fixed ring gear 138, final fastening lid 139, control The end of handle 114 processed is located in fastening lid 139, fastening lid 139 and the fixed collective effect of ring gear 138, joystick 114 is entered Row is spacing, and joystick 114 can not depart from, and because locking and fixing device and fixture 107 connect, fixture 107 remains stationary as, Then the position of joystick 114 can not rotate, and then realize that gear 113 can not rotate relative to fixture 107 so that tooth The position of wheel 113 and rack 116 is fixed, and is maintained the Stability Analysis of Structures of transfer device, is avoided the Action of Gravity Field in tapping machine body 101 Dropped caused by lower, effectively reduce potential safety hazard.
As shown in Figure 6, it is preferable that the step surface of shoulder hole is provided with the expansion slot 142 of ring-type, joystick 114 it is remote One end from gear 113 is stretched into expansion slot 142.
If the length of joystick 114 is longer, the end of joystick 114 may prop up after stretching into fastening lid 139 The step surface of fastening lid 139, cause fastening lid 139 can not be brought into close contact with fixed ring gear 138, and then cause locking and fixing device It is unstable.After expansion slot 142 is provided with shoulder hole, even if joystick 114 is longer, its end can also stretch into expansion slot In 142, fastening lid 139 can be brought into close contact with the side wall of fixed ring gear 138, and structure is more stable, effectively reduces potential safety hazard.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, for the skill of this area For art personnel, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles of the invention, that is made any repaiies Change, equivalent substitution, improvement etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. tapping machine, it is characterised in that including:
    Tapping machine body, the bottom of the tapping machine body are base, and the base is provided with leg, the base and ground it Between gap be present, the two bottom sides of the base are provided with groove, and the bottom wall of the groove is zigzag, the top of the base Portion is provided with least two first blind hole corresponding with the groove, the spacing between jagged two teeth with two described the Spacing between the axial line of one blind hole is equal;
    At least two transfer devices, each transfer device include raising part, two fixtures and at least two walking parts, institute State the horizontal U-shaped groove that is internally provided with of fixture, the side of the remote base of the fixture is vertically provided with embedding Enter groove, the base can be embedded in the U-shaped groove, and energy is provided with the inside of one of side wall of the U-shaped groove The projection being enough embedded in the groove, another side wall are provided with through hole, and one can be embedded by being equipped with the through hole Rod member in individual first blind hole, the top surface of the projection are corresponding with the zigzag of the groove and described recessed for zigzag The length of groove is more than the length of the projection, is rotated in the side wall of the embedded groove and is provided with gear, the rotation of the gear Length direction of the axial line along the U-shaped groove is set, and the control for controlling the pinion rotation is provided with the fixture Handle processed;
    The raising part includes fixed plate, and the left and right ends of the fixed plate are respectively embedded into the insertion of two fixtures In groove, the side of the fixed plate is vertically provided with rack, and the rack engages with the gear, and the walking part is arranged on In the fixed plate.
  2. 2. tapping machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that rotated in the side wall of the fixture and be provided with least two The individual roller being vertically arranged side by side, the gear are separately positioned in the relative side wall of the embedded groove with the roller, The rotational axis line of the gear is parallel with the rotational axis line of the roller, the side of the remote gear of the fixed plate Contacted with the roller, when the fixed plate moves up and down, the roller can roll in the fixed plate.
  3. 3. tapping machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fixture is by two half being detachably connected groups Relative side wall into, two half is provided with semi-cylindrical groove, the semi-cylindrical groove in two half The through hole can be formed, the side wall of one of them semi-cylindrical groove is provided with the second blind hole, is set in second blind hole Put extrusion spring and depression bar;
    The rod member is stepped round bar, and the rod member includes active section and manipulates section, and the diameter for manipulating section is more than described The diameter of active section, (the first back-moving spring is provided between the manipulation section and the fixture, the active section, which slides, to be set In the through hole;
    Chute is provided with the side wall of the active section, the chute includes the lock slots of head and the tail connection, lead-over groove successively and moved Make groove, the lock slots are laterally set, and the action groove is vertically arranged, and the depth of the lock slots is more than the depth of the action groove Degree, the depth of the lead-over groove are gradually reduced from one end close to the lock slots to the other end, and one end of the lead-over groove is deep Degree is identical with the depth of the lock slots, and the other end depth of the lead-over groove is identical with the depth of the action groove;
    When pressing down on the manipulation section, the (the first back-moving spring compression, the depression bar slides and in institute along the action groove State and enter under the thrust of extrusion spring in the lock slots, now, the active section is along the through hole slide downward and stretches Enter in first blind hole;It is described after rotating the rod member and the depression bar is slid into along the lock slots in the lead-over groove (the first back-moving spring promotes the rod member to rise, and the depression bar slides along the lead-over groove and enters in the action groove and make institute State extrusion spring compression.
  4. 4. tapping machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that detachably connected by bolt between two half Connect.
  5. 5. tapping machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the through hole is screwed hole, and the rod member is bolt, institute Rod member is stated to engage with the through hole whorl.
  6. 6. tapping machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that pass through quantity between the fixed plate and the walking part Regulating part connects, and the quantity regulating part includes housing, screw mandrel and half-nut, and the half-nut is semi-circular, the half-nut Central angle be less than or equal to 180 °, the housing is tubular and is arranged on the side of the fixed plate, and the screw mandrel rotates branch Support is provided with rotational handle in the enclosure interior, one end of the screw mandrel;
    Insert port, rotation mouth and positioning port, the insert port that the side wall of the housing includes being sequentially communicated are located at the housing Top or oblique upper, it is described rotate opening's edge described in housing circumferentially disposed, axial direction of the positioning port along the housing It is arranged on the bottom of the housing;
    The half-nut is fixedly connected with the walking part by connecting rod, and the half-nut can stretch into through the insert port Engaged in the housing and with the screw mandrel, the width of the width for rotating mouth and the positioning port is respectively less than the half-nut Length, make it is described walking part around the screw mandrel rotates when, the connecting rod by it is described rotation mouth and entrance the positioning port It is interior, when the connecting rod is located in the positioning port, the half-nut between the screw mandrel and the inwall of the housing, When rotating the screw mandrel, the half-nut can slide along direction where the axial line of the screw mandrel in the housing.
  7. 7. tapping machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the both ends of the screw mandrel are existed by bearing rotating support In the housing.
  8. 8. tapping machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that support plate, the support plate and institute are provided with the housing State fixed plate fitting and be detachably connected by bolt.
  9. 9. tapping machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fixture also includes the mechanism that is locked, described The mechanism that is locked includes fixed ring gear, fastening lid and second back-moving spring, one end of the fixture and is provided with determining for tubulose Position section, the fixed ring gear and the fastening lid are arranged at the outside of the positioning section, and the second back-moving spring is set in The outside of the positioning section, the both ends of the second back-moving spring are respectively held against the fixture and the fastening lid, described solid The outer circumference face of fixed tooth ring is provided with embedded groove, and the joystick is connected with the pinion rotation, the joystick energy Enough turn in the embedded embedded groove, the fastening lid is provided with shoulder hole, and the maximum inner diameter of the shoulder hole is more than described The external diameter of fixed ring gear, the minimum diameter of the shoulder hole are less than the external diameter of the fixed ring gear, the step surface of the fastening lid The fixed ring gear can be propped up in the presence of the second back-moving spring, the joystick can extend into the fastening lid It is interior and fixed in the presence of the fastening lid and the embedded groove.
  10. 10. tapping machine according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the step surface of the shoulder hole is provided with the expansion of ring-type Groove is opened up, one end of the remote gear of the joystick is stretched into the expansion slot.
CN201510898330.1A 2015-12-07 2015-12-07 A kind of tapping machine CN105364224B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510898330.1A CN105364224B (en) 2015-12-07 2015-12-07 A kind of tapping machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510898330.1A CN105364224B (en) 2015-12-07 2015-12-07 A kind of tapping machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105364224A CN105364224A (en) 2016-03-02
CN105364224B true CN105364224B (en) 2018-01-26

Family

ID=55367124

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510898330.1A CN105364224B (en) 2015-12-07 2015-12-07 A kind of tapping machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105364224B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111069859B (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-12-01 武昌船舶重工集团有限公司 Processing method of annular base

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002154011A (en) * 2000-11-16 2002-05-28 Mizuno Seisakusho:Kk Horizontally moving tapping machining device
KR100938837B1 (en) * 2008-04-07 2010-01-26 전상동 Automatic tapping machine for soft material
CN201223978Y (en) * 2008-06-26 2009-04-22 卫华集团有限公司 Threading apparatus
KR101031188B1 (en) * 2009-02-06 2011-04-26 전상동 Apparatus for inspecting tapping
CN103706894A (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-04-09 江苏博固机电有限公司 Modified electric tapper
CN104209601B (en) * 2013-06-05 2016-08-10 昆山金群力精密组件有限公司 Full-automatic link tapping equipment
CN204308347U (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-05-06 重庆市合川区环宇配件厂 Mobile model tapping machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105364224A (en) 2016-03-02

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
DK2922779T3 (en) Grip device for handling reinforcement baskets for a wind turbine tower segment
KR101434279B1 (en) Kickstand of furniture
CN207932757U (en) A kind of rotary cable winding and arranging device
CN107035629B (en) A kind of wind power plant convenient for safeguarding
CN108372501A (en) A kind of robot and its working method
CN107044624A (en) A kind of stage lamp box apparatus
CN107651579B (en) A kind of mobile adjustable lifting workbench
CN207144607U (en) Lift electric pole formula and make somebody a mere figurehead temporary electricity cable unit
CN107838682A (en) A kind of novel building decorative plates polishing punching all-in-one
CN107717909A (en) A kind of lift workbench for Making mold
CN106195836B (en) Electric adjustable goes up and down street lamp
CN105905709B (en) Cable automatic drawing line apparatus
CN105600704B (en) A kind of liftable inclination adjusting device based on flexible piece and spherical bearing
CN104167687A (en) Tool for live-line replacement of suspension insulator and using working method thereof
CN204102636U (en) Easy-to-mount cable runs hold down gag
CN207601633U (en) A kind of electronic information engineering discipline testing stand
CN203845435U (en) Jacking turntable device
CN107504338A (en) The rotatable lifting support of display
CN107568936A (en) A kind of multifunctional desk with increase and decrease storage space
CN105033314A (en) Drilling machine
US20070158627A1 (en) Motorized lift for electronic display device
CN206036555U (en) Point touch screen all around rotation stops device promptly
CN107350690B (en) A kind of automobile door protection panel welding tooling
CN106564309A (en) Intelligent stamping equipment for industrial production
CN105414278A (en) Automatic pipe coiling machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant