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CN105334717B - A method for quartz watches waveform of the drive circuit counterclockwise along rows using needle - Google Patents

A method for quartz watches waveform of the drive circuit counterclockwise along rows using needle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105334717B
CN105334717B CN 201510760322 CN201510760322A CN105334717B CN 105334717 B CN105334717 B CN 105334717B CN 201510760322 CN201510760322 CN 201510760322 CN 201510760322 A CN201510760322 A CN 201510760322A CN 105334717 B CN105334717 B CN 105334717B
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CN 201510760322
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105334717A (en )
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范耀荣
黄训松
苏方中
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福建上润精密仪器有限公司
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种利用电路波形驱动石英手表顺逆时针行针的方法,包括以下步骤:驱动石英手表转动的驱动波形由两个输出端OUT1、OUT2输出;当石英手表顺时针方向转动时:输出端OUT1先输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms的脉冲。 The present invention relates to a method of using a waveform of the drive circuit quartz watch counterclockwise along the row of needles, comprising the steps of: quartz watch driven by a rotating drive waveform two output terminals OUT1, OUT2 output; when rotated clockwise quartz watches: Output a first output terminal OUT1 of the voltage amplitude is + 1.5V, pulse width of 5.9ms. 当石英手表逆时针方向转动时:输出端OUT1先输出一个电压幅值为+0.8V~+1.0V、脉宽为0.2ms的脉冲,接着间隔0.4ms后,输出端OUT1输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为0.2ms的脉冲,接着输出端OUT1输出一个电压幅值为‑1.5V、脉宽为4.9ms的脉冲;接下来输出端OUT1在相反方向输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms脉冲。 When rotated counterclockwise quartz watches: first output terminal OUT1 outputs a voltage amplitude of + 0.8V ~ + 1.0V, pulse width 0.2ms and 0.4ms interval Subsequently, the output terminal OUT1 outputs a voltage amplitude + 1.5V, pulse width 0.2ms, and then the output terminal OUT1 outputs a voltage amplitude of -1.5 V, a pulse width of 4.9ms; next output terminal OUT1 in a direction opposite to a voltage magnitude +1.5 V, a pulse width of 5.9ms. 本发明的驱动波形可以实现石英手表机芯顺、逆方向时针转动行针,从而实现按照功能要求顺时针和逆时针行针。 Drive waveform according to the present invention may be implemented quartz watch movement forward, reverse the direction of the line pin rotates counterclockwise, thereby achieving functional requirements row needle clockwise and counterclockwise.

Description

一种利用电路波形驱动石英手表顺逆时针行针的方法 A method for quartz watches waveform of the drive circuit counterclockwise along rows using needle

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及一种石英手表顺逆时针行针方法,特别是一种利用电路波形驱动石英手表顺逆时针行针的方法。 [0001] relates to a quartz watch counterclockwise along the line pin method, the method of the present invention is in particular a waveform of the drive circuit using a quartz watch counterclockwise along the row of needles.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]现在石英手表机芯只能单一输出单向顺时针驱动波形,无法实现顺、逆时针转动行针,即显示时分秒针无法实现按功能要求的顺时针和逆时针行针。 [0002] Now quartz watch movement driven clockwise one-way only a single output waveform can not be achieved smoothly, the line pin is rotated counterclockwise, i.e., second hand display division can not be achieved by the clockwise and counterclockwise row needle functional requirements. 现有的石英手表机芯包括控制电路、步进电机、各个传动齿轮组成的传动轮系。 Conventional quartz watch movement including a control circuit, a stepping motor drive train, each of the drive gears. 控制电路带动步进电机转动,步进电机带动传动轮系,传动轮系带动时针、分针、秒针转动。 The control circuit to drive the stepping motor to rotate the stepping motor to drive the drive train, the drive train driving hour, minute and second hands is rotated.

[0003]参考图1,定子片是步进电机的一个部件,定子片上设有两个启动角18。 [0003] Referring to FIG 1, a stator plate is a member of the stepping motor, the firing angle 18 is provided on the two stator laminations. 现有的定子片一般是针对顺时针行针的石英手表,现有定子片上侧设有第一凹部20,现有定子片下侧设有第二凹部21,该第一凹部20和第二凹部21的连线一般称为常位磁轴线22,该常位磁轴线22通过定子片的导磁极腔17的中心,一般顺时针行针的定子片两个启动角18连线的位置在常位磁轴线22绕导磁极腔17中心逆时针旋转40°左右(参照图1中所示)。 Conventional stator sheet is directed generally clockwise row needle quartz watch, it is provided on the side of a first conventional stator laminations recess 20, with side 21, and the second recess portion 20 of the first recess of the second recess portion of the stator under the existing sheet 21 is generally called a connection position orthotopic magnetic axis 22, the normally-bit magnetic pole axis 22 through the central lumen 17 of the guide piece of the stator, the stator is generally clockwise row needle firing angle two substrate connection 18 in orthotopic magnetic pole turned about axis 22 rotates counterclockwise around the central lumen 17 40 ° (as shown in FIG. 1).

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004]本发明目的是提供一种利用电路波形驱动石英手表顺逆时针行针的方法,以克服现有技术中存在的现在石英手表机芯只能单向顺时针转动,无法顺、逆时针转动行针的问题。 [0004] The object of the present invention to provide a method of driving circuit waveforms quartz watch counterclockwise along the needle from the row, now quartz watch movement to overcome the prior art can only be rotated clockwise one-way, not smooth, counterclockwise rotation of the needle row problems.

[0005]本发明采用如下技术方案:一种利用电路波形驱动石英手表顺逆时针行针的方法,其特征是:包括以下步骤: [0005] The present invention adopts the following technical solution: A method for quartz watches waveform of the drive circuit counterclockwise along the needle from the row, characterized in that: comprising the steps of:

[0006]驱动石英手表转动的驱动波形由两个输出端0UTU0UT2输出; [0006] quartz watch driven by a rotating drive waveform output 0UTU0UT2 two output terminals;

[0007]当石英手表顺时针方向转动时,输出以下驱动波形: [0007] When quartz wristwatch is rotated in the clockwise direction, the driving waveforms output:

[0008] A.输出端OUT1先输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,转子的磁钢顺时针转动180°,完成半圈转动;在距输出端0UT1输出第一个脉冲〇• 5S时,输出端OUT2输出-1 • 5V、脉宽为5.9ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,转子的磁钢继续顺时针转动180°,完成一圈转动; [0008] A. first output terminal OUT1 outputs a voltage amplitude of + 1.5V, pulse width 5.9ms, and the stator pole pieces and sex stepping motor rotor repel each other, clockwise rotation of the rotor magnet 180 ° complete semi-circle rotation; 0UT1 output at a first pulse from the square • 5S output terminal, an output terminal OUT2 -1 • 5V, pulse width 5.9ms, the pole pieces of the stator and the rotor of the same sex stepping motor each rejection, continued clockwise rotation of the rotor magnet 180 °, completes one rotation;

[0009] B.输出端0UT1以Is为周期,输出电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms的脉冲;输出端0UT2以Is为周期,输出电压幅值为-1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms的脉冲;从而驱动石英手表顺时针不断转动; [0009] B. Is to the output terminal 0UT1 cycle, the amplitude of the output voltage + 1.5V, pulse width 5.9ms; an output terminal 0UT2 Is in a cycle of the output voltage amplitude of -1.5 V, a pulse width 5.9ms pulse; thereby driving continued clockwise rotation of the quartz watch;

[0010]当石英手表逆时针方向转动时,输出以下驱动波形: [0010] When quartz wristwatch is rotated counterclockwise, the driving waveforms output:

[0011] ⑴输出端0UT1先输出一个电压幅值为+〇• 8V〜+1.0V、脉宽为0.2ms的脉冲,确认磁钢位置,使磁钢抖动一次,并不产生转动;接着间隔0.4ms后,输出端0UT1输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为〇.2ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,使磁钢向顺时针方向转动40°角度;接着输出端0UT1输出一个电压幅值为-1.5V、脉宽为4.9ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极异性相互吸引,使磁钢逆时针方向转动80°;接下来输出端OUT 1在相反方向输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,继续推动磁钢逆时针转动140°;完成半圈转动; [0011] ⑴ output terminal 0UT1 first output voltage amplitude of a square + • 8V~ + 1.0V, pulse width 0.2ms, confirming the position of the magnet, so that a jitter magnet, does not produce rotation; then interval 0.4 after the MS, a voltage output terminal 0UT1 output amplitude of + 1.5V, pulse width of the pulse 〇.2ms, sex pole stepping motor rotor and stator pieces are mutually exclusive, so that the magnet is rotated 40 ° clockwise angle ; an output terminal 0UT1 then outputs a voltage amplitude of -1.5 V, a pulse width of 4.9ms, the stepping motor stator and the pole piece to attract the opposite sex of the rotor to each other, so that the magnet is rotated counterclockwise 80 °; next output terminal OUT 1 outputs a voltage amplitude in the opposite direction is + 1.5V, pulse width 5.9ms pulse, sex pole stepping motor rotor and stator pieces are mutually exclusive, continue to push the magnet is rotated counterclockwise 140 °; half turn completed rotation;

[0012] (2)在距输出端0UT1输出第一个脉冲0.5S时,输出端0UT2先输出一个电压幅值为- 0.8V〜-1.0V、脉宽为0 • 2ms的脉冲,确认磁钢位置,使磁钢抖动一次,并不产生转动;接着间隔0• 4ms后,输出端0UT2输出一个电压幅值为-1 • 5V、脉宽为0 • 2ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,使磁钢向顺时针方向转动40°角度;接着输出端0UT2输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为4.9ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极异性相互吸引, 使磁钢逆时针方向转动80°;接下来输出端0UT2在相反方向输出一个电压幅值为-1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,继续推动磁钢逆时针转动140°;完成~'圈转动; [0012] (2) when the output of the first pulse 0.5S 0UT1 from the output terminal, an output terminal 0UT2 a first output voltage amplitude is - 0.8V~-1.0V, 0 • 2ms pulse width of a pulse, to confirm magnet position, so that a jitter magnet, does not produce rotation; then after the interval 0 • 4ms, outputs a voltage output terminal 0UT2 amplitude -1 • 5V, 0 • 2ms pulse width of a pulse, the stepping motor and the stator sheet sex rotor poles repel each other, so that the magnet is rotated 40 ° angle in a clockwise direction; an output terminal 0UT2 then outputs a voltage amplitude of + 1.5V, pulse width 4.9ms, the stator and the rotor sheet stepping motor heterosexual poles attract each other, so that the magnet is rotated counterclockwise 80 °; 0UT2 next output terminal outputting a voltage amplitude of -1.5 V, a pulse width of 5.9ms pulse in the opposite direction, the stator pole pieces and the rotor of the stepping motor sex mutually exclusive, continue to push the magnet is rotated counterclockwise 140 °; complete ~ 'ring is rotated;

[0013] ⑶输出端0UT1以Is为周期,输出步骤⑴中的脉冲;输出端0UT2以Is为周期,输出步骤⑵中的脉冲;使转子能以不断逆时针转动,实现机芯逆时针转动显示功能。 [0013] ⑶ Is output terminal 0UT1 to a cycle of the pulse output step ⑴; Is to the output terminal 0UT2 cycle, the pulse output step ⑵; enables the rotor to continue counter-clockwise, counterclockwise movement achieve display Features.

[0014] 优选的,该方法采用以下石英手表机芯,该石英手表机芯包括步进电机、各个传动齿轮组成的传动轮系和线路板,步进电机包括定子片、转子、感应线圈和铁芯,所述感应线圈绕在所述铁芯外侧,所述定子片与所述铁芯连接,所述转子装配于所述定子片内,所述转子与所述传动轮系传动连接,所述线路板上设有可控制所述转子顺、逆时针行针转动的集成电路,所述集成电路与所述感应线圈连接,所述定子片设有导磁极腔,导磁极腔上设有两个启动角,所述转子设于所述导磁极腔内,所述转子包括中轴、磁钢和转子齿轮,所述转子齿轮和磁钢从上到下依次设置在中轴上。 [0014] Preferably, the method uses the quartz watch movement, of the quartz watch movement comprises a stepper motor, a transmission gear train and the drive gears of each board, the stepping motor includes a stator plate, the rotor, the induction coil and the iron core, said induction coil wound outside the core, the stator core is connected to said sheet, said rotor mounted on said stator plate, said rotor and said drive train drivingly connected to the the circuit board is provided along the rotor may be controlled, counterclockwise rotation of the needle row of integrated circuit connected to said induction coil, said stator pole piece provided with a guide cavity, the guide is provided with two poles chamber firing angle, the rotor poles provided in the guide cavity, said rotor comprises a central axis, a rotor magnet and a gear, the gear and the rotor magnet are sequentially disposed from top to bottom in the shaft.

[0015] 优选的,所述线路板上设有用于切换功能的功能切换开关,该功能切换开关与所述集成电路连接。 [0015] Preferably, the circuit board is provided with a function for switching the function switch, the switch function is connected to the integrated circuit.

[0016] 上述对本发明结构和方法的描述可知,和现有技术相比,本发明具有如下优点:本发明的驱动波形可以实现石英手表机芯顺、逆方向时针转动行针,从而实现按照功能要求顺时针和逆时针行针。 [0016] The foregoing description of the structure and method of the present invention found that, as compared to the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages: the driving waveform according to the present invention may be a quartz watch movement forward, clockwise rotation of the reverse direction to achieve the needle row, so as to realize the function according requirements clockwise and counterclockwise line pin. 本发明采用的石英手表机芯结构简单、设计巧妙。 Simple quartz watch movement structure employed in the present invention, cleverly designed. 本发明设计的功能切换开关可以切换石英手表机芯顺时针和逆时针转动。 The present invention is designed to switch the function can be switched quartz watch movement clockwise and counterclockwise rotation.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1为石英手表机芯的定子片结构示意图。 [0017] FIG. 1 is a schematic structure of a stator plate of the quartz watch movement.

[0018] 图2为本发明石英手表机芯的结构示意图。 [0018] FIG. 2 is a schematic structure of a quartz watch movement of the present invention.

[0019] 图3为本发明的顺时针驱动波形示意图。 Clockwise [0019] Figure 3 is a driving waveform diagram of the invention.

[0020]图4为本发明的逆时针驱动波形示意图。 Counterclockwise [0020] Figure 4 is a driving waveform diagram of the invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0021] 下面参照附图说明本发明的具体实施方式。 [0021] BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DETAILED EMBODIMENTS The present invention will be described.

[0022] 参照图2,一种利用电路波形驱动石英手表顺逆时针行针的方法,该方法采用以下石英手表机芯,该石英手表机芯包括步进电机10、各个传动齿轮组成的传动轮系(图中未示出)和线路板11。 Transmission wheel [0022] Referring to FIG 2, a circuit driving waveform quartz watch counterclockwise along line using a needle, the method uses the quartz watch movement, including movement of the quartz watch 10, each composed of a stepping motor drive gear train (not shown) and the circuit board 11. 步进电机10包括定子片101、转子102、感应线圈103和铁芯104。 Stepper motor 10 includes a stator plate 101, rotor 102, the induction coil 103 and the core 104. 所述感应线圈1〇3绕在所述铁芯104外侧,所述定子片101与所述铁芯1〇4连接,所述转子102装配于所述定子片101内。 1〇3 said induction coil wound outside the core 104, the stator core sheet 101 and the connecting 1〇4, the rotor 102 fitted to the inner sheet 101 of the stator. 所述转子102与所述传动轮系传动连接,所述传动轮系带动时针、分针和秒针转动。 The rotor 102 is connected to the gear drive train, the drive train driving hour, minute and second hands rotation. 所述线路板11上设有可控制所述转子102顺、逆时针行针转动的集成电路12,该集成电路12可发出驱动波形。 The circuit board 11 is provided with the rotor 102 may be controlled along, counterclockwise rotation of the needle rows 12 of the integrated circuit, the integrated circuit 12 may issue a driving waveform. 所述集成电路12与所述感应线圈103连接。 The integrated circuit 12 is connected to the induction coil 103. 所述定子片1〇1设有导磁极腔17,导磁极腔17上设有两个启动角18。 The stator pole piece 1〇1 provided with a guide chamber 17, 18 is provided with two firing angle chamber 17 on the guide pole. 所述转子102设于所述导磁极腔17内。 The rotor 102 disposed in the cavity 17 of the guide pole. 所述转子102包括中轴14、磁钢16和转子齿轮15,所述转子齿轮15和磁钢16从上到下依次设置在中轴上,磁钢16具有磁极,与定子片101在导磁极腔内同性排斥或者异性相吸。 The rotor 102 includes a central axis 14, the gear 15 and the rotor magnet 16, the rotor gear 15 and magnet 16 disposed in the top to bottom axis, magnet 16 has a magnetic pole, the stator pole piece 101 in the guide opposites attract or repel cavity of the same sex. 本发明使用的定子片101的结构可参考图1所示,与现有技术中的一致,本领域技术人员通晓,钐钴烧材料烧结的永磁体的磁钢16经充磁后的磁极是不变的,磁刚16的磁极连线的常位与定子片101 的第一凹部20和第二凹部21的中心连线相垂直。 Sheet structure of the stator 101 used in the present invention may be illustrated with reference to FIG, consistent with the prior art, one skilled in the art are familiar, samarium cobalt magnet 16 is a sintered material burned by the permanent magnet poles of the magnetization is not change, just the center pole 16 of the magnetic connection of the stator plate 101 orthotopic first recess 20 and second recess 21 is perpendicular to the connection.

[0023]所述线路板11上设有用于切换功能的功能切换开关(图中未示出),该功能切换开关与所述集成电路12连接。 Function is provided for switching the function selector switch (not shown) on [0023] the circuit board 11, the function switch 12 is connected with the integrated circuit.

[0024] 一种利用电路波形驱动石英手表顺逆时针行针的方法(本方法数值前带的“+”, 符号,不代表数值正负性,该符号只代表方向正反极性),包括以下步骤: Method [0024] A waveform of the drive circuit using a quartz watch counterclockwise along the row of needles (the value before the process with the "+" sign, does not mean that positive and negative values, the positive and negative sign represents the direction of polarity), comprising the following steps:

[0025] 驱动石英手表转动的驱动波形由两个输出端0Un、0UT2输出; [0025] quartz watch driven by the rotation of two driving waveforms output terminals 0Un, 0UT2 output;

[0026] 参考图3,当石英手表顺时针方向转动时,按照以下步骤输出驱动波形: [0026] Referring to FIG 3, when a quartz watch is rotated in a clockwise direction, driving waveforms according to the steps of output:

[0027] A.输出端OUT1先输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,转子的磁钢顺时针转动180°,完成半圈转动;在距输出端0UT1输出第一个脉冲0.5S时,输出端0UT2输出-1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,转子的磁钢继续顺时针转动180°,完成一圈转动; [0027] A. first output terminal OUT1 outputs a voltage amplitude of + 1.5V, pulse width 5.9ms, and the stator pole pieces and sex stepping motor rotor repel each other, clockwise rotation of the rotor magnet 180 ° complete semi-circle is rotated; when the output of the first pulse 0.5S 0UT1 from the output terminal, an output terminal 0UT2 output -1.5 V, a pulse width of 5.9ms, the stator pole pieces and sex stepping motor rotor repel each other, continued clockwise rotation of the rotor magnet 180 °, completes one rotation;

[0028] B.输出端0UT1以Is为周期,输出电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms的脉冲;输出端0UT2以Is为周期,输出电压幅值为-1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms的脉冲;从而驱动石英手表顺时针不断转动。 [0028] B. Is to the output terminal 0UT1 cycle, the amplitude of the output voltage + 1.5V, pulse width 5.9ms; an output terminal 0UT2 Is in a cycle of the output voltage amplitude of -1.5 V, a pulse width 5.9ms pulse; thereby driving continued clockwise rotation of the quartz watch.

[0029] 参考图4,当石英手表逆时针方向转动时,按照以下步骤输出驱动波形: [0029] Referring to FIG 4, when the quartz watches is rotated counterclockwise, the driving waveforms output in the following steps:

[0030] ⑴输出端OUT1先输出一个电压幅值为+0.8V〜+1.0V、脉宽为0.2ms的脉冲,确认磁钢位置,使磁钢抖动一次,并不产生转动;接着间隔0.4ms后,输出端0UT1输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为0.2ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,使磁钢向顺时针方向转动40°角度;接着输出端0UT1输出一个电压幅值为-1.5V、脉宽为4.9ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极异性相互吸引,使磁钢逆时针方向转动80°;接下来输出端0UT1在相反方向输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,继续推动磁钢逆时针转动140 °;完成半圈转动; [0030] ⑴ first output terminal OUT1 outputs a voltage amplitude + 0.8V~ + 1.0V, pulse width 0.2ms, confirming the position of the magnet, so that a jitter magnet, does not produce rotation; then 0.4ms interval after the output terminal 0UT1 output a voltage amplitude of + 1.5V, pulse width of 0.2ms, sex pole stepping motor rotor and stator pieces are mutually exclusive, so that the magnet is rotated clockwise angle of 40 °; then an output terminal 0UT1 output voltage amplitude of -1.5 V, a pulse width of 4.9ms, the stepping motor stator and the pole piece to attract the opposite sex of the rotor to each other, so that the magnet is rotated counterclockwise 80 °; next output terminal 0UT1 in the opposite direction of the output amplitude of a voltage + 1.5V, pulse width 5.9ms pulse, sex pole stepping motor rotor and stator pieces are mutually exclusive, continue to push the magnet is rotated counterclockwise 140 °; rotation of half turn completed;

[0031] (2)在距输出端0UT1输出第一个脉冲0.5S时,输出端OUT2先输出一个电压幅值为- 0.8V〜-1_0V、脉宽为0.2ms的脉冲,确认磁钢位置,使磁钢抖动一次,并不产生转动;接着间隔0.4ms后,输出端OUT2输出一个电压幅值为-1.5V、脉宽为0.2ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,使磁钢向顺时针方向转动40°角度;接着输出端OUT2输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为4.9ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极异性相互吸引, 使磁钢逆时针方向转动80°;接下来输出端0UT2在相反方向输出一个电压幅值为-1.5V、脉宽为5 • 9ms脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,继续推动磁钢逆时针转动140°;完成一圈转动。 [0031] (2) when the output of the first pulse 0.5S 0UT1 from the output terminal, the output terminal OUT2 to the output voltage amplitude of a - 0.8V~-1_0V, 0.2ms pulse width, it was confirmed magnet position, a magnet so that the jitter does not produce rotation; 0.4ms interval and then, the output terminal OUT2 a voltage amplitude of -1.5 V, a pulse width of 0.2ms, the pole pieces of the stator and the rotor of the same sex stepping motor each repel the magnet is rotated 40 ° angle in a clockwise direction; then the output terminal OUT2 is a voltage amplitude + 1.5V, pulse width 4.9ms, the stepping motor stator and the pole piece to attract the opposite sex of the rotor to each other, that the magnet is rotated counterclockwise 80 °; 0UT2 next output terminal outputting a voltage amplitude in the opposite direction is -1.5 V, the pulse width is 5 • 9ms, the stator pole pieces and sex stepping motor rotor repel each other, continue to drive magnet is rotated counterclockwise 140 °; completes one rotation.

[0032] ⑶输出端0UT1以Is为周期,输出步骤⑴中的脉冲;输出端OUT2以Is为周期,输出步骤(2)中的脉冲;使转子能以不断逆时针转动,实现机芯逆时针转动显示功能。 [0032] ⑶ Is output terminal 0UT1 to a cycle of the pulse output step ⑴; Is output terminal OUT2 to a cycle of the pulse (2) in the output step; enables the rotor to continue counter-clockwise, counterclockwise movement achieved rotation display.

[〇〇划本发明的驱动波形可以实现石英手表机芯顺、逆方向獅娜糊于此,凡糊此 [Thousand and designated driving waveform according to the present invention may be implemented quartz watch movement forward, backward direction thereto lion Na paste, this paste where

Claims (1)

1. 一种利用电路波形驱动石英手表顺逆时针行针的方法,其特征是:该方法采用以下石英手表机芯,该石英手表机芯包括步进电机、各个传动齿轮组成的传动轮系和线路板,步进电机包括定子片、转子、感应线圈和铁芯,所述感应线圈绕在所述铁芯外侧,所述定子片与所述铁芯连接,所述转子装配于所述定子片内,所述转子与所述传动轮系传动连接,所述线路板上设有可控制所述转子顺、逆时针行针转动的集成电路,所述集成电路与所述感应线圈连接,所述定子片设有导磁极腔,导磁极腔上设有两个启动角,所述转子设于所述导磁极腔内,所述转子包括中轴、磁钢和转子齿轮,所述转子齿轮和磁钢从上到下依次设置在中轴上;所述线路板上设有用于切换功能的功能切换开关,该功能切换开关与所述集成电路连接;该方法包括以下步骤: 驱动石英手表转 1. A method for quartz watches waveform of the drive circuit counterclockwise along the needle from the row, characterized in that: the method uses the quartz watch movement, of the quartz watch movement comprising a stepping motor drive train, and each of the drive gears circuit board, a stepping motor includes a stator plate, the rotor, the induction coil and the core, the induction coil wound outside the core, the stator core is connected to said sheet, said rotor mounted on the stator plate inside, said rotor and said drive train drivingly connected to the control circuit board may be provided along the rotor, the needle is rotated counterclockwise row of integrated circuit connected to said induction coil, said the stator pole piece provided with a guide cavity, the guide is provided with two poles firing angle chamber, a rotor chamber disposed within the guide pole, the rotor comprises a central axis, a rotor magnet and a gear, the gear and the magnetic rotor steel from top to bottom is provided in the shaft; said wiring board is provided with a function for switching the switch function, the switch function is connected to the integrated circuit; the method comprising the steps of: quartz watch rotation drive 动的驱动波形由两个输出端0UT1、0UT2输出; 当石英手表顺时针方向转动时,输出以下驱动波形: A. 输出端0UT1先输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,转子的磁钢顺时针转动180°,完成半圈转动;在距输出端0UT1 输出第一个脉冲0.58时,输出端01^2输出-1.5¥、脉宽为5.91^的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,转子的磁钢继续顺时针转动180°,完成一圈转动; B. 输出端0UT1以Is为周期,输出电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms的脉冲;输出端OUT2以1 s为周期,输出电压幅值为-1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms的脉冲;从而驱动石英手表顺时针不断转动; 当石英手表逆时针方向转动时,输出以下驱动波形: ⑴输出端0UT1先输出一个电压幅值为+0.8V〜1.0V、脉宽为0 • 2ms的脉冲,确认磁钢位置,使磁钢抖动一次,并不产生 0UT1,0UT2 movable driving waveform outputted from two output terminals; when quartz watches is rotated in the clockwise direction, the output driving waveforms: A. output terminal 0UT1 a first output voltage amplitude is + 1.5V, pulse width of 5.9ms pulse, the stator pole pieces and sex stepping motor rotor repel each other, rotated 180 ° clockwise the rotor magnet, rotates a half turn completed; when the output from the first output terminal 0UT1 0.58 a pulse, the output terminal outputs 2 ^ 01 -1.5 ¥, pulse width ^ 5.91, sex stepping motor stator pole pieces and the rotor repel each other, the rotor magnet continued clockwise 180 °, the completion of one rotation; B. is is to output terminal 0UT1 cycle, the output voltage amplitude is + 1.5V, pulse width 5.9ms; an output terminal OUT2 to 1 s cycle, the output voltage amplitude of -1.5 V, a pulse width of 5.9ms; thereby driving the quartz watch cis continued clockwise rotation; quartz watches when rotated counterclockwise, the driving waveforms output: ⑴ output terminal 0UT1 a first output voltage amplitude + 0.8V~1.0V, 0 • 2ms pulse width of a pulse, to confirm the position of the magnet, the magnet shake once, does not produce 转动;接着间隔0.4ms后,输出端0UT1输出一个电压幅值为+ 1.5V、脉宽为0.2ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,使磁钢向顺时针方向转动40°角度;接着输出端0UT1输出一个电压幅值为-1_5V、脉宽为4.9ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极异性相互吸引,使磁钢逆时针方向转动80°;接下来输出端0UT1在相反方向输出一个电压幅值为+1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,继续推动磁钢逆时针转动140°;完成半圈转动; ⑵在距输出端0UT1输出第一个脉冲〇. 5S时,输出端0UT2先输出一个电压幅值为-〇. 8V 〜-1.0V、脉宽为0_2ms的脉冲,确认磁钢位置,使磁钢抖动一次,并不产生转动;接着间隔0.4ms后,输出端OUT2输出一个电压幅值为-1.5V、脉宽为〇.2ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,使磁钢向顺时 Rotation; then after an interval of 0.4ms, a voltage output terminal 0UT1 output amplitude of + 1.5V, pulse width 0.2ms, and the stator pole pieces and sex stepping motor rotor repel each other, so that the magnet in the clockwise direction the rotation angle of 40 °; then a voltage output terminal 0UT1 amplitude -1_5V, 4.9ms pulse width, the stepping motor stator and the pole piece to attract the opposite sex of the rotor to each other, so that the magnet is rotated counterclockwise 80 °; Next, the output terminal 0UT1 output voltage amplitude in the opposite direction is a + 1.5V, pulse width 5.9ms pulse, the stator pole pieces and sex stepping motor rotor repel each other, continue to push the magnet is rotated counterclockwise 140 °; complete rotation of a half turn; ⑵ 0UT1 output from the first output terminal when a square pulse 5S, 0UT2 first output terminal outputting a voltage amplitude of -〇 8V ~-1.0V, pulse width 0_2ms to confirm the position of the magnet. the primary magnet jitter, does not produce rotation; 0.4ms interval and then, the output terminal OUT2 a voltage amplitude of -1.5 V, the pulse width of the pulse 〇.2ms, stepping motor and rotor pole pieces of the stator when same-sex mutually exclusive, to shun the magnet 针方向转动40°角度;接着输出端0UT2输出一个电压幅值为+1 • 5V、脉宽为4• 9ms的脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极异性相互吸引,使磁钢逆时针方向转动8〇°;接下来输出端0UT2在相反方向输出一个电压幅值为-1.5V、脉宽为5.9ms脉冲,步进电机的定子片和转子的磁极同性相互排斥,继续推动磁钢逆时针转动140°;完成一圈转动; ⑶输出端0UT1以Is为周期,输出步骤⑴中的脉冲;输出端0UT2以Is为周期,输出步骤(2)中的脉冲;使转子能以不断逆时针转动,实现机芯逆时针转动显示功能。 40 ° angle of the direction of rotation of the needle; then outputs a voltage output terminal 0UT2 amplitude +1 • 5V, a pulse width of 4 • 9ms, the stepping motor stator and the pole piece to attract the opposite sex of the rotor to each other, so that magnet counterclockwise Rotate 8〇 [deg.]; next output terminal 0UT2 output a voltage amplitude in the opposite direction is -1.5 V, a pulse width of 5.9ms, the stator pole pieces and sex stepping motor rotor repel each other, continue to push the magnet against rotated counterclockwise 140 °; completed one rotation; ⑶ is to the output terminal 0UT1 cycle, an output pulse in step ⑴; is output terminal 0UT2 to a cycle of the pulse (2) in the output step; counterclockwise so that the rotor can continue to rotation, counterclockwise rotation movement to achieve the display function.
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CN104467345A (en) * 2013-09-20 2015-03-25 卡西欧计算机株式会社 Stepping motor and timepiece provided with stepping motor

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CN1070272A (en) * 1991-09-03 1993-03-24 杭州手表厂 Method for reversing hands of quartz watch by alternate double-peak pulses
CN102109811A (en) * 2009-12-28 2011-06-29 精工电子有限公司 Stepping motor control circuit and analogue electronic watch
CN102780436A (en) * 2011-05-09 2012-11-14 精工电子有限公司 Stepping motor control circuit and analogue electronic timepiece
CN104467345A (en) * 2013-09-20 2015-03-25 卡西欧计算机株式会社 Stepping motor and timepiece provided with stepping motor
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