CN105310866A - Multifunctional axillary crutch - Google Patents

Multifunctional axillary crutch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105310866A
CN105310866A CN201510884157.XA CN201510884157A CN105310866A CN 105310866 A CN105310866 A CN 105310866A CN 201510884157 A CN201510884157 A CN 201510884157A CN 105310866 A CN105310866 A CN 105310866A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axil
telescoping mechanism
pipe
turns
functional
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Granted
Application number
CN201510884157.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105310866B (en
Inventor
玄东吉
谭诗逸
宋英焕
申允德
李振哲
李勇
成泰洪
任明
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Wenzhou University
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Wenzhou University
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Priority to CN201510884157.XA priority Critical patent/CN105310866B/en
Publication of CN105310866A publication Critical patent/CN105310866A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H3/02Crutches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H3/02Crutches
    • A61H3/0277Shock absorbers therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H3/02Crutches
    • A61H3/0277Shock absorbers therefor
    • A61H2003/0283Shock absorbers therefor using elastomeric material

Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional axillary crutch. The multifunctional axillary crutch is characterized in that the crutch comprises a crutch head (1), a damping mechanism, a lower telescoping mechanism, a knee joint rotating mechanism, a folding mechanism, a middle telescoping mechanism, a hip joint rotating mechanism, an upper telescoping mechanism and an axillary support (13) which are sequentially connected from bottom to top; the lower telescoping mechanism is connected with the knee joint rotating mechanism through a lower locking mechanism, the hip joint rotating mechanism is connected with the upper telescoping mechanism through an upper locking mechanism, and a handle (18) is arranged on the side portion of the middle telescoping mechanism. By the adoption of the multifunctional axillary crutch, disabled people in lower limbs can be assisted in walking at a normal gait to the greatest extent, and other secondary injuries are avoided to a certain degree.

Description

A kind of multi-functional axil turns
Technical field
the present invention relates to a kind of people with disability's aid, particularly a kind of multi-functional axil turns.
Background technology
the Second China National Sample Survey on Disability report the test shows, in the people with disability of China's deformity of limbs, the number using walking stick and axil to turn accounts for 49% of the disabled population's total amount using appurtenance.But traditional axil turns and is generally double fork lever structure, not only volume comparatively greatly, in addition not easily, and function singleness, only has secondary row stop & go function.When user uses general axil to turn walking, namely under the abnormal gait of crutch gait, there will be that health shakiness, step-length are improper, the harmful effect such as too much of consuming energy, also may cause other secondary injuries.
Summary of the invention
the object of the invention is to, provide a kind of multi-functional axil to turn.The present invention can assist lower limb the disabled farthest to carry out normal gait walking, avoids other secondary injuries to a certain extent.
technical scheme of the present invention: a kind of multi-functional axil turns, it is characterized in that: comprise connect successively from the bottom to top cane head, damping, lower telescoping mechanism, knee joint place rotating mechanism, fold mechanism, middle telescoping mechanism, hip joint place rotating mechanism, upper telescoping mechanism and axil holder, described lower telescoping mechanism is connected through lower retaining mechanism with knee joint place rotating mechanism, described hip joint place rotating mechanism is connected through upper retaining mechanism with upper telescoping mechanism, and described middle telescoping mechanism sidepiece is provided with handle.
during aforesaid multi-functional axil turns, described damping comprises connector and connection tube, and connector and connection tube are fixed on the bottom of lower telescoping mechanism through symmetrically arranged two caging bolts, and the end of described connection tube arranges cane head; The lower end of described lower telescoping mechanism is provided with projection, is provided with lower spring between projection and connector.
during aforesaid multi-functional axil turns, described lower telescoping mechanism comprises the lower pipe that lower end has hollow out, is set with setting of casing outside lower pipe, is provided with circular shell fragment between pipe and setting of casing down.
during aforesaid multi-functional axil turns, described knee joint place rotating mechanism comprises lower fixed block and lower spill spin block, connects between lower fixed block and lower spill spin block through lower shaft.
during aforesaid multi-functional axil turns, described fold mechanism comprises folded piece, and folded piece is connected with knee joint place rotating mechanism through hinge.
during aforesaid multi-functional axil turns, described middle telescoping mechanism comprises middle pipe, is set with middle sleeve outside middle pipe, is provided with circular shell fragment between middle pipe and middle sleeve.
during aforesaid multi-functional axil turns, described hip joint place rotating mechanism comprises spill spin block and upper fixed block, connects between upper spill spin block and upper fixed block through upper axle.
during aforesaid multi-functional axil turns, described upper telescoping mechanism comprises pipe, is set with sleeve pipe outside upper pipe, is provided with circular shell fragment between upper pipe and upper sleeve pipe.
during aforesaid multi-functional axil turns, described lower retaining mechanism comprises the block be fixed on through set bolt on lower telescoping mechanism, and block is connected with middle spring, also comprises the air spring be arranged in lower telescoping mechanism, air spring one end extend out to outside cane head, and the other end is connected with knee joint place rotating mechanism.
during aforesaid multi-functional axil turns, described upper retaining mechanism comprises and being arranged in stretching structure and the gag lever post be connected with hip joint place rotating mechanism, and gag lever post is provided with spring.
compared with prior art, the present invention passes through organic connections such as rotating mechanism, retaining mechanism, telescoping mechanism, damping and fold mechanisms, auxiliary lower limb the disabled farthest carries out normal gait walking effectively, avoids other secondary injuries to a certain extent.The present invention is based on traditional axil to turn and innovated and improve, not only have effectively achieved the function of walk help product, and structure is ingenious, volume is moderate, be convenient for carrying.
Accompanying drawing explanation
fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
fig. 2 is the structural representation of the latter half of the present invention;
fig. 3 is case of bending schematic diagram of the present invention;
fig. 4 is folded state schematic diagram of the present invention.
being labeled as in accompanying drawing: 1-cane head; 2-caging bolt; 3-lower spring; Manage under 4-; 5-setting of casing; Fixed block under 6-; Spill spin block under 7-; 8-folded piece; Manage in 9-; 10-middle sleeve; The upper spill spin block of 11-; The upper fixed block of 12-; The holder of 13-axil; The upper sleeve pipe of 14-; The upper pipe of 15-; The upper spring of 16-; The upper axle of 17-; 18-handle; 19-hinge; 20-lower shaft; 21-connector; 22-connection tube; 23-air spring; 24-set bolt; 25-block; Spring in 26-.
Detailed description of the invention
below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further illustrated, but not as the foundation limited the present invention.
embodiment.A kind of multi-functional axil turns, form as illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: comprise connect successively from the bottom to top cane head 1, damping, lower telescoping mechanism, knee joint place rotating mechanism, fold mechanism, middle telescoping mechanism, hip joint place rotating mechanism, upper telescoping mechanism and axil holder 13, described lower telescoping mechanism is connected through lower retaining mechanism with knee joint place rotating mechanism, described hip joint place rotating mechanism is connected through upper retaining mechanism with upper telescoping mechanism, and described middle telescoping mechanism sidepiece is provided with handle 18.
described damping comprises connector 21 and connection tube 22, and connector 21 and connection tube 22 are fixed on the bottom of lower telescoping mechanism through symmetrically arranged two caging bolts 2, and the end of described connection tube 22 arranges cane head 1; The lower end of described lower telescoping mechanism is provided with projection, is provided with lower spring 3 between projection and connector 21.
described lower telescoping mechanism comprises the lower pipe 4 that lower end has hollow out, is set with setting of casing 5 outside lower pipe 4, is provided with circular shell fragment between lower pipe 4 and setting of casing 5.Described connector 21 and connection tube 22 are fixed on the lower end of lower pipe 4, and described projection is also arranged on lower pipe.
described knee joint place rotating mechanism comprises lower fixed block 6 and lower spill spin block 7, connects between lower fixed block 6 and lower spill spin block 7 through lower shaft 20.Lower fixed block 6 is fixed on setting of casing 5.
described fold mechanism comprises folded piece 8, and folded piece 8 is connected with knee joint place rotating mechanism through hinge 19.Folded piece 8 is connected with lower spill spin block 7 through hinge 19.
described middle telescoping mechanism comprises middle pipe 9, is set with middle sleeve 10 outside middle pipe 9, is provided with circular shell fragment between middle pipe 9 and middle sleeve 10.Middle pipe 9 is connected with folded piece 8.
described hip joint place rotating mechanism comprises spill spin block 11 and upper fixed block 12, connects between upper spill spin block 11 and upper fixed block 12 through upper axle 17.Upper spill spin block 11 is connected with middle sleeve 10.
described upper telescoping mechanism comprises pipe 15, is set with sleeve pipe 14 outside upper pipe 15, is provided with circular shell fragment between upper pipe 15 and upper sleeve pipe 14.
described lower retaining mechanism comprises the block 25 be fixed on through set bolt 24 on lower telescoping mechanism, block 25 is connected with middle spring 26, also comprise the air spring 23 be arranged in lower telescoping mechanism, air spring 23 one end extend out to outside cane head 1, and the other end is connected with knee joint place rotating mechanism.
described upper retaining mechanism comprises and being arranged in stretching structure and the gag lever post be connected with hip joint place rotating mechanism, and gag lever post is provided with spring 16.
lower fixed block 6, lower spill spin block 7 and upper spill spin block 11 in described two place's rotating mechanisms (knee joint place rotating mechanism and hip joint place rotating mechanism), upper fixed block 12 there is respectively corresponding screwed hole, bolt can be screwed into two place's screwed holes, just rotating mechanism can be locked, axil is turned as common integral type axil turns.
described upper and lower spill spin block 11, all establishes a breach on 7, gag lever post, air spring snap in breach just can lock rotating mechanism.The cambered design of this breach also can lead to gag lever post, air spring, limits the backwards rotation of rotating mechanism to a certain extent.
described telescoping mechanism carries out corresponding adjustment for thigh, shank, the upper part of the body respectively.Trocar sheath 5,10,14 are connected by two circular shell fragments with interior pipe 4,9,15, and by pressing the mode of hoodle, carry out flexible adjustment.
described connector 21 and connection tube 22 are fixed by two symmetrical caging bolts 2 and are connected, and cane head 1 is installed on connection tube 22.Described lower pipe 4 end portion is by hollow out, and fixed connecting piece 21 is stuck in hollow part with two pieces of bolts 2 of connection tube 22, plays a part to connect with spacing.A small boss is welded in described lower pipe 4 lower end, and lower spring 3 is installed between connector 21 and small boss, plays damping, buffering effect.
described handle 18 is arranged on middle sleeve 19, and position is adjustable.Middle sleeve 19 is provided with locating hole, and has certain intervals between locating hole, can need to adjust handle 18 position according to use.
described folded piece 8 is provided with pin hole with lower spill spin block 7.When user use axil turn time, first straight pin is inserted pin hole, with limit upper folded piece and with upper part motion; When axil turns idle, take out straight pin, just axil inflection can be stacked and put.
executive mode of the present invention is as follows:
when axil turns as general expression, when being screwed into the screwed hole on two rotating mechanisms by bolt, two rotating mechanisms are fixed, and axil turns as upright ordinary canes.
when axil turns as cluster, axil is turned and is bundled in human body lower limbs.In human walking procedure, when when driving phase, foot contacts to earth, air spring 23 moves, and namely the other end of air spring 23 snaps in lower spill spin block 7 breach gradually, and the lower spring 3 at damping place is compacted gradually, play the protective effect of damping, buffering, now, knee joint place rotating mechanism is locked; Meanwhile, axil holder 13 pressurized, upper pipe 15 and upper sleeve pipe 14 move down, and upper spring 16 is compacted, and the gag lever post be fixedly connected with upper pipe 15 snaps in upper spill spin block 11 breach gradually, and now, hip joint place rotating mechanism is locked, and axil turns in erectility, and supports human body weight.When in recovery phase, human body lower limbs is not by External Force Acting, and axil turns and is in active state, and namely lower spring 3, middle spring 26 and upper spring 16 reset, and joint part rotating mechanism is free to rotate, thus completes a walking cycle.Case of bending of the present invention as shown in Figure 3.
as shown in Figure 4, described folded piece 8 is provided with pin hole with lower spill spin block 7 to folded state of the present invention.When user uses axil to turn, first straight pin is inserted pin hole, to limit upper folded piece and with the motion of upper part, to avoid the folding situation that meets accident; When axil turns idle, take out straight pin, just axil inflection can be stacked and put.

Claims (10)

1. a multi-functional axil turns, it is characterized in that: comprise connect successively from the bottom to top cane head (1), damping, lower telescoping mechanism, knee joint place rotating mechanism, fold mechanism, middle telescoping mechanism, hip joint place rotating mechanism, upper telescoping mechanism and axil holder (13), described lower telescoping mechanism is connected through lower retaining mechanism with knee joint place rotating mechanism, described hip joint place rotating mechanism is connected through upper retaining mechanism with upper telescoping mechanism, and described middle telescoping mechanism sidepiece is provided with handle (18).
2. multi-functional axil according to claim 1 turns, it is characterized in that: described damping comprises connector (21) and connection tube (22), connector (21) and connection tube (22) are fixed on the bottom of lower telescoping mechanism through symmetrically arranged two caging bolts (2), and the end of described connection tube (22) arranges cane head (1); The lower end of described lower telescoping mechanism is provided with projection, is provided with lower spring (3) between projection and connector (21).
3. multi-functional axil according to claim 1 turns, and it is characterized in that: described lower telescoping mechanism comprises the lower pipe (4) that lower end has hollow out, is set with setting of casing (5) outside lower pipe (4), is provided with circular shell fragment between lower pipe (4) and setting of casing (5).
4. multi-functional axil according to claim 1 turns, and it is characterized in that: described knee joint place rotating mechanism comprises lower fixed block (6) and lower spill spin block (7), connects between lower fixed block (6) and lower spill spin block (7) through lower shaft (20).
5. multi-functional axil according to claim 1 turns, and it is characterized in that: described fold mechanism comprises folded piece (8), and folded piece (8) is connected with knee joint place rotating mechanism through hinge (19).
6. multi-functional axil according to claim 1 turns, and it is characterized in that: described middle telescoping mechanism comprises middle pipe (9), is set with middle sleeve (10) outside middle pipe (9), is provided with circular shell fragment between middle pipe (9) and middle sleeve (10).
7. multi-functional axil according to claim 1 turns, and it is characterized in that: described hip joint place rotating mechanism comprises spill spin block (11) and upper fixed block (12), connects between upper spill spin block (11) and upper fixed block (12) through upper axle (17).
8. multi-functional axil according to claim 1 turns, and it is characterized in that: described upper telescoping mechanism comprises pipe (15), is set with sleeve pipe (14) outside upper pipe (15), is provided with circular shell fragment between upper pipe (15) and upper sleeve pipe (14).
9. the multi-functional axil according to any one of claim 1-8 turns, it is characterized in that: described lower retaining mechanism comprises the block (25) be fixed on through set bolt (24) on lower telescoping mechanism, block (25) is connected with middle spring (26), also comprise the air spring (23) be arranged in lower telescoping mechanism, air spring (23) one end extend out to cane head (1) outward, and the other end is connected with knee joint place rotating mechanism.
10. the multi-functional axil according to any one of claim 1-8 turns, and it is characterized in that: described upper retaining mechanism comprises and being arranged in stretching structure and the gag lever post be connected with hip joint place rotating mechanism, and gag lever post is provided with spring (16).
CN201510884157.XA 2015-12-04 2015-12-04 A kind of multi-functional armpit is turned Active CN105310866B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106039670A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-26 温州大学 Martial art crutch and placement device thereof
CN108836760A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-11-20 芜湖明凯医疗器械科技有限公司 A kind of protection crutch of Orthopaedic nursing walk help
CN111035541A (en) * 2018-10-11 2020-04-21 杨进松 Joint degeneration assistor
EP3673884A1 (en) * 2018-12-31 2020-07-01 Chin-Sung Yang Assistant apparatus for degenerative joint
US11141344B2 (en) 2018-12-27 2021-10-12 Chin-Sung Yang Assistant apparatus for degenerative joint

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3335735A (en) * 1965-09-14 1967-08-15 Elizabeth L Colegrove Crutch
CN2489762Y (en) * 2001-06-15 2002-05-08 宋家明 Portable folding expansion crutch
CN2593769Y (en) * 2003-01-06 2003-12-24 安建江 Sticks for disabled individuals
CN2766822Y (en) * 2004-11-15 2006-03-29 惠州安东五金塑胶电子有限公司 Walking stick
DE202009003218U1 (en) * 2009-03-05 2010-09-23 Gaft, Leonid Unterarmgehstütze
CN202802080U (en) * 2012-10-12 2013-03-20 盛明 Walking stick for orthopedic nursing
CN104337671A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-02-11 温州医科大学附属第二医院 Foldable walking stick

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3335735A (en) * 1965-09-14 1967-08-15 Elizabeth L Colegrove Crutch
CN2489762Y (en) * 2001-06-15 2002-05-08 宋家明 Portable folding expansion crutch
CN2593769Y (en) * 2003-01-06 2003-12-24 安建江 Sticks for disabled individuals
CN2766822Y (en) * 2004-11-15 2006-03-29 惠州安东五金塑胶电子有限公司 Walking stick
DE202009003218U1 (en) * 2009-03-05 2010-09-23 Gaft, Leonid Unterarmgehstütze
CN202802080U (en) * 2012-10-12 2013-03-20 盛明 Walking stick for orthopedic nursing
CN104337671A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-02-11 温州医科大学附属第二医院 Foldable walking stick

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106039670A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-26 温州大学 Martial art crutch and placement device thereof
CN106039670B (en) * 2016-05-20 2018-04-13 温州大学 A kind of wushu turns
CN108836760A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-11-20 芜湖明凯医疗器械科技有限公司 A kind of protection crutch of Orthopaedic nursing walk help
CN111035541A (en) * 2018-10-11 2020-04-21 杨进松 Joint degeneration assistor
US11141344B2 (en) 2018-12-27 2021-10-12 Chin-Sung Yang Assistant apparatus for degenerative joint
EP3673884A1 (en) * 2018-12-31 2020-07-01 Chin-Sung Yang Assistant apparatus for degenerative joint

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Application publication date: 20160210

Assignee: Pingyang Intelligent Manufacturing Research Institute of Wenzhou University

Assignor: Wenzhou University

Contract record no.: X2020330000096

Denomination of invention: A multifunctional armpit crutch

Granted publication date: 20170531

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Record date: 20201122

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