CN105292470A - Unmanned aerial vehicle for power line detection - Google Patents

Unmanned aerial vehicle for power line detection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105292470A
CN105292470A CN201510843206.5A CN201510843206A CN105292470A CN 105292470 A CN105292470 A CN 105292470A CN 201510843206 A CN201510843206 A CN 201510843206A CN 105292470 A CN105292470 A CN 105292470A
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described
arm
provided
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circle
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CN201510843206.5A
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CN105292470B (en
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李万
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李万
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Abstract

The invention discloses an unmanned aerial vehicle for power line detection. The unmanned aerial vehicle comprises a remote control unmanned aerial vehicle, a rotatable camera arranged on the bottom surface of the remote control unmanned aerial vehicle, and a circuit device arranged inside the remote control unmanned aerial vehicle, wherein the circuit device comprises a main-control device and a communication module for receiving a flight command signal and transmitting a monitor signal; the communication module and the camera are in signal connection with the main-control device separately; the unmanned aerial vehicle further comprises a power supply module which is arranged inside the remote control unmanned aerial vehicle and used for providing power for the circuit device; the communication module comprises an antenna pivoted to the bottom of the remote control unmanned aerial vehicle. Through the special antenna structure design and the external hanging antenna, the communication quality when the unmanned aerial vehicle is used for line detection is greatly improved, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle detection precision and accuracy are greatly improved.

Description

A kind of electric power circuit detects unmanned plane

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of electric power circuit and detect unmanned plane.

Background technology

Robot airplane is called for short " unmanned plane ", and english abbreviation is " UAV ", is the not manned aircraft utilizing radio robot to handle with the process controller provided for oneself.Unmanned plane is actually the general designation of unmanned vehicle, can be divided into: this several large class of depopulated helicopter, unmanned fixed-wing aircraft, unmanned multi-rotor aerocraft, unmanned airship, unmanned parasol from technical standpoint definition.Without driving compartment on unmanned plane, but the equipment such as autopilot, process controller is installed.On ground, naval vessels or machine tool command and control station personnel by equipment such as radars, it is followed the tracks of, locates, remote control, remote measurement and digital communication.Utilize unmanned plane to carry out the various electrical equipment inspections of transmitting electricity, so that power monitoring department pinpoints the problems and safeguards in time, ensure the normal operation of power transmission network.Unmanned plane test mode has efficiently, fast, reliably, cost is low, not by the advantage of regional impact, but unmanned plane of the prior art is much built-in antenna, when the movement aloft of such unmanned plane, its communication quality has serious impact, if need the communication quality of unmanned plane to have good performance in addition, just need to improve antenna, make the electric property of antenna more excellent, such as return loss, gain, frequency limit etc., thus obtain special quality signal of communication, thus reach unmanned plane to the precision of wireline inspection and accuracy, and the Primary communication frequency range applying wireless antenna communication on an electronic device is at present 2.4GHz and 5GHz, therefore performance of antenna should be given prominence to the key points these two important communication frequency sections.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is to overcome above-described shortcoming, provide a kind of precision and the higher a kind of electric power circuit of accuracy to detect unmanned plane.

For achieving the above object, concrete scheme of the present invention is as follows: a kind of electric power circuit detects unmanned plane, includes remotely pilotless machine, is provided with the rotating camera of remotely pilotless machine bottom surface;

Also include the circuit arrangement being located at remotely pilotless machine inside, described circuit arrangement includes master control set, for receiving the communication module of flight orders signal and monitoring of emission signal, described communication module and camera are connected with master control set signal respectively;

Also include the power module for powering to circuit arrangement be located in remotely pilotless machine; Described logical module includes antenna, and described antenna is articulated in remotely pilotless motor spindle.

Wherein, described antenna includes insulation cylinder, is provided with multiple antenna stack in described insulation cylinder, and described antenna stack is provided with communication oscillator, and be provided with isolation layer between two antenna stacks, described isolation layer is provided with division board; The surface of described insulation cylinder is also coated with anti oxidation layer; The bottom of described insulation cylinder is also provided with pole, and described pole is provided with for saying that insulation cylinder is articulated in the axis hole on use equipment.

Wherein, described communication oscillator comprises circular pcb board, each pcb board is provided with six micro-strip oscillator unit around arc distances such as centers, described each micro-strip oscillator unit includes leg-of-mutton circle arm, and every bar limit of described circle arm all extends internally the first arc radiation arm of arc and the second arc radiation arm; The radius of described second arc radiation arm is greater than the first arc radiation arm; Also include the arc isolation arm extended internally out from every bar limit, the radius of described arc isolation arm is greater than the second arc radiation arm, and the width of described arc isolation arm is from two ends to the reduction gradually at center; Described arc isolation arm is made up of semiconductor material; The base of described circle arm is provided with insulation strip, and described insulation strip is dielectric, and the base of circle arm disconnects by it; Be equipped with the 3rd radiation arm between the arm of arc isolation between two, one end of described 3rd radiation arm is provided with the ring radiation arm of annular arrangement, and described ring radiation arm is located at the angle place of circle arm; The other end of described 3rd radiation arm is provided with the 4th arc radiation arm of arc, and the radius of three the 4th arc radiation arms in described each circle arm is identical, and a composition circle; The center of described circle arm is provided with a signal feed hole, and described signal feed hole is of coupled connections with three the 4th arc radiation arm feeds respectively; The bottom surface of described pcb board is also provided with the welding hole corresponding with signal feed hole; Described 3rd radiation arm is provided with the aperture of multiple equidistant setting; The edge of described pcb board is provided with a circle conductive arm, and described conductive arm and each circle feed are of coupled connections; A coupling disk is provided with in pcb board end face, the pcb board back side is provided with Ba Lun pillar, described Ba Lun pillar electrically conducts with the disk that is coupled, and the free end of described Ba Lun pillar is provided with capacitive coupling oscillator arms, and described capacitive coupling oscillator arms includes three in fan-shaped sub-arm;

Described division board is a metal circular plate, and described division board is provided with the triangle through hole corresponding with six micro-strip oscillator unit around arc distances such as centers; Described triangle through hole is identical with the size of circle arm.

Wherein, if the quantity of aperture is N, the length of described 3rd radiation arm is Lmm, and the radius of described ring radiation arm is Kmm, then K=L/N.

Wherein, the quantity of described aperture is six.

Wherein, the angle of described leg-of-mutton circle arm is fillet.

Wherein, described circle arm is equilateral triangle, and the inner edge length of side of described circle arm is 20mm.

Wherein, the distance of described capacitive coupling oscillator arms and pcb board is 15mm.

Wherein, the outside of described circle arm is zig-zag limit.

Wherein, also include the heat detector for detecting thermal source, described heat detector is located at remotely pilotless motor spindle and is connected with master control set signal;

Wherein, also include the solar panel being located at remotely pilotless machine top, described solar panel is used for assisting electric energy supplement to power module;

Wherein, also include for storing the memory storage detecting data, described memory storage is connected with master control set signal;

Beneficial effect of the present invention is: by particular antenna structure design and external hanging type antenna, and communication quality during unmanned plane detection line is improved greatly, and therefore its precision detected and accuracy increase greatly.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of circuit arrangement of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the section drawing of antenna of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the birds-eye view of communication oscillator of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the upward view of communication oscillator of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the lateral plan of communication oscillator of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the birds-eye view of division board of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of micro-strip oscillator unit of the present invention;

Fig. 9 is the return loss test pattern of this antenna when there is division board;

Figure 10 is the isolation performance testing figure of this antenna when there is division board;

Directional pattern when Figure 11 is this antenna 2.4GHz;

Directional pattern when Figure 12 is this antenna 5.0GHz;

Description of reference numerals in Fig. 1 to Figure 12:

A1-remotely pilotless machine; A2-camera; A3-solar panel; A4-heat detector;

D1-insulation cylinder; D2-antenna stack; D3-isolation layer; D4-pole;

P1-PCB plate; P2-division board; P3-Ba Lun pillar; P4-capacitive coupling oscillator arms; P11-conductive arm; P12-welding hole; P21-triangle through hole;

K1-encloses arm; K2-insulation strip; K3-first arc radiation arm; K4-second arc radiation arm; K5-ring radiation arm; K6-arc isolation arm; K7-the 3rd radiation arm; K8-aperture; K9-the 4th arc radiation arm.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further detailed explanation, is not practical range of the present invention is confined to this.

As shown in Figures 1 to 12, a kind of electric power circuit described in the present embodiment detects unmanned plane, includes remotely pilotless machine A1, is provided with the rotating camera A2 of remotely pilotless machine A1 bottom surface; Also include the circuit arrangement being located at remotely pilotless machine A1 inside, described circuit arrangement includes master control set, for receiving the communication module of flight orders signal and monitoring of emission signal, described communication module is connected with master control set signal respectively with camera A2; Also include the power module for powering to circuit arrangement be located in remotely pilotless machine A1; Described logical module includes antenna, and described antenna is articulated in bottom remotely pilotless machine A1.The circuit image information of taking photo by plane is sent to the reception computer of monitor staff by camera A2 in real time by communication module; The antenna of communication module is for receiving flight orders signal and monitoring of emission signal; Power module includes battery; The antenna of this external hanging type improves signal communication quality.The present invention also redesigns the concrete structure of antenna in addition, concrete described antenna includes insulation cylinder D1, multiple antenna stack D2 is provided with in described insulation cylinder D1, described antenna stack D2 is provided with communication oscillator, be provided with isolation layer D3 between two antenna stack D2, described isolation layer D3 is provided with division board P2; The surface of described insulation cylinder D1 is also coated with anti oxidation layer; The bottom of described insulation cylinder D1 is also provided with pole D4, and described pole D4 is provided with for saying that insulation cylinder D1 is articulated in the axis hole on use equipment.

A kind of electric power circuit described in the present embodiment detects unmanned plane, described communication oscillator comprises circular pcb board P1, each pcb board P1 is provided with six micro-strip oscillator unit around arc distances such as centers, described each micro-strip oscillator unit includes leg-of-mutton circle arm K1, and every bar limit of described circle arm K1 all extends internally the first arc radiation arm K3 of arc and the second arc radiation arm K4; The radius of described second arc radiation arm K4 is greater than the first arc radiation arm K3; Also include the arc isolation arm K6 extended internally out from every bar limit, the radius of described arc isolation arm K6 is greater than the second arc radiation arm K4, and the width of described arc isolation arm K6 is from two ends to the reduction gradually at center; Described arc isolation arm K6 is made up of semiconductor material; The base of described circle arm K1 is provided with insulation strip K2, and described insulation strip K2 is dielectric, and the base of circle arm K1 disconnects by it; Be equipped with a 3rd radiation arm K7 between the arm of arc isolation between two K6, one end of described 3rd radiation arm K7 is provided with the ring radiation arm K5 of annular arrangement, and described ring radiation arm K5 is located at the angle place of circle arm K1; The other end of described 3rd radiation arm K7 is provided with the 4th arc radiation arm K9 of arc, and the radius of three the 4th arc radiation arm K9 in described each circle arm K1 is identical, and a composition circle; The center of described circle arm K1 is provided with a signal feed hole, and described signal feed hole is of coupled connections with three the 4th arc radiation arm K9 feeds respectively; The bottom surface of described pcb board P1 is also provided with the welding hole P12 corresponding with signal feed hole; Described 3rd radiation arm K7 is provided with the aperture K8 of multiple equidistant setting; The edge of described pcb board P1 is provided with a circle conductive arm P11, and described conductive arm P11 and each circle feed are of coupled connections; A coupling disk is provided with in pcb board P1 end face, the pcb board P1 back side is provided with Ba Lun pillar P3, described Ba Lun pillar P3 electrically conducts with the disk that is coupled, and the free end of described Ba Lun pillar P3 is provided with capacitive coupling oscillator arms P4, and described capacitive coupling oscillator arms P4 includes three in fan-shaped sub-arm;

Described division board P2 is a metal circular plate, and described division board P2 is provided with the triangle through hole P21 corresponding with six micro-strip oscillator unit around arc distances such as centers; Described triangle through hole P21 is identical with the size of circle arm K1.

By being not less than the microstrip circuit structure design of 500 times, and by under being not less than 500 l-G simulation tests and parameter adjustment, the division board P2 structure finally determining above-mentioned antenna structure and coordinate with it; This antenna is after by multiple antenna stack D2, feed is coupled simultaneously, and it shows excellent electric performance at 2.4GHz and 5.0GHz, near this frequency range, on average reach 9.7dBi under bandwidth;

Concrete actual test result such as following table HFSS software emulation obtains:

And other electric properties also have comparatively excellent result, its return loss is all better than-10dB in the return loss of 2.4-2.48GHz frequency range and 5.15-5.875GHz frequency range; And the reason such as insulation strip K2 of isolation owing to arranging, its isolation loss in 2.4-2.48GHz and 5.15-5.875GHz frequency range is all better than-18dB;

Prove that this antenna itself possesses good performance; In addition, after adding division board P2, its return loss and isolation all show better performance, and concrete as Fig. 9, its return loss is all better than-15dB in the return loss of 2.4-2.48GHz frequency range and 5.15-5.875GHz frequency range; As Figure 10, isolation is all better than-20dB at the isolation loss of 2.4-2.48GHz and 5.15-5.875GHz frequency range.Here it is worth mentioning that, plain disk element antenna changes on antenna stack D2 by this, adds this division board P2 equally, and ordinary antennas effect electrical property improves and not quite or not improves, and therefore this division board P2 and antenna own match each other obvious with facilitation.

In addition, its directivity of this antenna, as is illustrated by figs. 11 and 12, is omni-directional antenna under two frequency.

Embodiment 2.

If the quantity of aperture K8 is N, the length of described 3rd radiation arm K7 is Lmm, and the radius of described ring radiation arm K5 is Kmm, then K=L/N.Found by test of many times, if meet above-mentioned specification, the performance of antenna will be optimized more, and especially in return loss, its return loss is all better than-17dB in the return loss of 2.4-2.48GHz frequency range and 5.15-5.875GHz frequency range.

Embodiment 3.

A kind of unmanned plane described in the present embodiment, the quantity of described aperture K8 is six; Wherein, the angle of described leg-of-mutton circle arm K1 is fillet.Wherein, described circle arm K1 is equilateral triangle, and the inner edge length of side of described circle arm K1 is 20mm.Wherein, the distance of described capacitive coupling oscillator arms P4 and pcb board P1 is 15mm.Wherein, the outside of described circle arm K1 is zig-zag limit.By above-mentioned setting, the gain of antenna is higher, isolation better, standing-wave ratio (SWR) performance is also more excellent.

A kind of electric power circuit described in the present embodiment detects unmanned plane, also includes the heat detector A4 for detecting thermal source, and described heat detector A4 to be located at bottom remotely pilotless machine A1 and to be connected with master control set signal; Heat detector A4 is used for accurately finding firing point and localized hyperthermia's point, effectively can improve the ability that unmanned plane detects and monitors like this.

A kind of electric power circuit described in the present embodiment detects unmanned plane, also includes the solar panel A3 being located at remotely pilotless machine A1 top, and described solar panel A3 is used for assisting electric energy supplement to power module; For electric energy supplement, improve continuation of the journey and voyage.

A kind of electric power circuit described in the present embodiment detects unmanned plane, and also include for storing the memory storage detecting data, described memory storage is connected with master control set signal; For the data of records photographing and monitoring at any time, in case information when communication is interrupted is supplemented.

By particular antenna structure design and external hanging type antenna, communication quality during unmanned plane detection line is improved greatly, therefore its precision detected and accuracy increase greatly.The above is only several preferred embodiment of the present invention, therefore all equivalences done according to structure, feature and the principle described in patent claim of the present invention change or modify, and are included in the protection domain of patent application of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. electric power circuit detects a unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: include remotely pilotless machine (A1), be provided with the rotating camera (A2) of remotely pilotless machine (A1) bottom surface;
Also include and be located at the inner circuit arrangement of remotely pilotless machine (A1), described circuit arrangement includes master control set, for receiving the communication module of flight orders signal and monitoring of emission signal, described communication module is connected with master control set signal respectively with camera (A2);
Also include the power module for powering to circuit arrangement be located in remotely pilotless machine (A1); Described logical module includes antenna, and described antenna is articulated in remotely pilotless machine (A1) bottom.
2. a kind of electric power circuit according to claim 1 detects unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: described antenna includes insulation cylinder (D1), multiple antenna stack (D2) is provided with in described insulation cylinder (D1), described antenna stack (D2) is provided with communication oscillator, be provided with isolation layer (D3) between two antenna stacks (D2), described isolation layer (D3) is provided with division board (P2); The surface of described insulation cylinder (D1) is also coated with anti oxidation layer; The bottom of described insulation cylinder (D1) is also provided with pole (D4), and described pole (D4) is provided with for saying that insulation cylinder (D1) is articulated in the axis hole on use equipment.
3. a kind of electric power circuit according to claim 2 detects unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: described communication oscillator comprises circular pcb board (P1), each pcb board (P1) is provided with six micro-strip oscillator unit around arc distances such as centers, described each micro-strip oscillator unit includes leg-of-mutton circle arm (K1), and every bar limit of described circle arm (K1) all extends internally the first arc radiation arm (K3) of arc and the second arc radiation arm (K4); The radius of described second arc radiation arm (K4) is greater than the first arc radiation arm (K3); Also include arc isolation arm (K6) extended internally out from every bar limit, the radius of described arc isolation arm (K6) is greater than the second arc radiation arm (K4), and the width of described arc isolation arm (K6) is from two ends to the reduction gradually at center; Described arc isolation arm (K6) is made up of semiconductor material; The base of described circle arm (K1) is provided with insulation strip (K2), and described insulation strip (K2) is dielectric, and its base enclosing arm (K1) disconnects; Be equipped with the 3rd radiation arm (K7) between arc isolation arm (K6) between two, one end of described 3rd radiation arm (K7) is provided with the ring radiation arm (K5) of annular arrangement, and described ring radiation arm (K5) is located at the angle place of circle arm (K1); The other end of described 3rd radiation arm (K7) is provided with the 4th arc radiation arm (K9) of arc, and the radius of three the 4th arc radiation arms (K9) in described each circle arm (K1) is identical, and a composition circle; The center of described circle arm (K1) is provided with a signal feed hole, and described signal feed hole is of coupled connections with three the 4th arc radiation arm (K9) feeds respectively; The bottom surface of described pcb board (P1) is also provided with the welding hole (P12) corresponding with signal feed hole; Described 3rd radiation arm (K7) is provided with the aperture (K8) of multiple equidistant setting; The edge of described pcb board (P1) is provided with a circle conductive arm (P11), and described conductive arm (P11) and each circle feed are of coupled connections; A coupling disk is provided with in pcb board (P1) end face, pcb board (P1) back side is provided with Ba Lun pillar (P3), described Ba Lun pillar (P3) electrically conducts with the disk that is coupled, the free end of described Ba Lun pillar (P3) is provided with capacitive coupling oscillator arms (P4), and described capacitive coupling oscillator arms (P4) includes three in fan-shaped sub-arm;
Described division board (P2) is a metal circular plate, and described division board (P2) is provided with the triangle through hole (P21) corresponding with six micro-strip oscillator unit around arc distances such as centers; Described triangle through hole (P21) is identical with the size of circle arm (K1).
4. a kind of electric power circuit according to claim 3 detects unmanned plane, and it is characterized in that: set the quantity of aperture (K8) as N, the length of described 3rd radiation arm (K7) is Lmm, and the radius of described ring radiation arm (K5) is Kmm, then K=L/N.
5. a kind of electric power circuit according to claim 3 detects unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described aperture (K8) is six.
6. a kind of electric power circuit according to claim 3 detects unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: the angle of described leg-of-mutton circle arm (K1) is fillet.
7. a kind of electric power circuit according to claim 3 detects unmanned plane, and it is characterized in that: described circle arm (K1) is equilateral triangle, the inner edge length of side of described circle arm (K1) is 20mm.
8. a kind of electric power circuit according to claim 3 detects unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: described capacitive coupling oscillator arms (P4) is 15mm with the distance of pcb board (P1).
9. a kind of electric power circuit according to claim 3 detects unmanned plane, it is characterized in that: the outside of described circle arm (K1) is zig-zag limit.
CN201510843206.5A 2015-11-26 2015-11-26 A kind of electric power circuit detects without man-machine CN105292470B (en)

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CN105292470B CN105292470B (en) 2016-06-08

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105538286A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-05-04 胡洁维 High-voltage cable detection robot
CN105563452A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-05-11 胡洁维 High voltage cable detection robot
CN105619418A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-06-01 胡洁维 High-voltage cable detection robot with positioning function
CN105736898A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-07-06 胡洁维 High-voltage cable detecting robot capable of detecting heat source temperature

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105538286A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-05-04 胡洁维 High-voltage cable detection robot
CN105563452A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-05-11 胡洁维 High voltage cable detection robot
CN105619418A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-06-01 胡洁维 High-voltage cable detection robot with positioning function
CN105736898A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-07-06 胡洁维 High-voltage cable detecting robot capable of detecting heat source temperature
CN105538286B (en) * 2016-03-02 2017-03-01 重庆润泰电气有限公司 High tension cable detects robot
CN105563452B (en) * 2016-03-02 2017-03-08 哈尔滨讯达广智能科技发展有限公司 A kind of high-tension cable detects robot

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Inventor after: Zhang Wenjin

Inventor after: Tang Jucheng

Inventor after: Diao Jianjun

Inventor after: Hu Shaobo

Inventor after: Sun Liang

Inventor after: Sun Yelong

Inventor after: Liu Guanjun

Inventor after: Wu Xiaoyan

Inventor after: Jiang Xuzheng

Inventor after: Li Shanlong

Inventor after: Wang Huayi

Inventor after: Qu Gaofeng

Inventor after: Zhang Yiming

Inventor before: Li Wan

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Effective date of registration: 20160519

Address after: 265701 Longkou City Tonghai Road, Shandong, China, No. 28, No.

Applicant after: STATE GRID SHANDONG ELECTRICAL POWER COMPANY LONGKOU POWER SUPPLY COMPANY

Address before: 523000 Guangdong Province, Dongguan Songshan Lake University Road No.

Applicant before: Li Wan

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Granted publication date: 20160608

Termination date: 20161126