CN105290439A - Clamp - Google Patents

Clamp Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105290439A
CN105290439A CN201510825417.6A CN201510825417A CN105290439A CN 105290439 A CN105290439 A CN 105290439A CN 201510825417 A CN201510825417 A CN 201510825417A CN 105290439 A CN105290439 A CN 105290439A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
reducing sleeve
drill holder
groove
clamp
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201510825417.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张国耀
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xinchang Zhonghuan Abrasive Material Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xinchang Zhonghuan Abrasive Material Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xinchang Zhonghuan Abrasive Material Co Ltd filed Critical Xinchang Zhonghuan Abrasive Material Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510825417.6A priority Critical patent/CN105290439A/en
Publication of CN105290439A publication Critical patent/CN105290439A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B31/00Chucks; Expansion mandrels; Adaptations thereof for remote control
    • B23B31/40Expansion mandrels
    • B23B31/4073Gripping the work or tool between planes almost perpendicular to the axis

Abstract

The invention relates to a clamp. The clamp is characterized by comprising a spindle with a taper surface, a reducing sleeve which is arranged on the taper surface of the spindle in a sleeving mode, and a pressing nut which is used for pressing the reducing sleeve for sliding the reducing sleeve in an axial direction of the spindle, wherein the outer wall of the reducing sleeve is provided with a groove; the groove comprises a plurality of ring-shaped slots which are arranged in an outer peripheral direction of the reducing sleeve, and the plurality of ring-shaped slots are uniformly arranged in the axial direction of the reducing sleeve. According to the clamp, the outer wall of the reducing sleeve is processed with the groove, so that the outer wall of the reducing sleeve forms a plurality of supporting blocks separated by slots; a small supporting surface is formed on each supporting block; after being clamped, a workpiece can be compressed in a radial direction by a relatively great supporting block, so that the supporting block with relatively small stress and no contact with the workpiece can generate certain pressure with the workpiece, and therefore, contact stress area between the outer wall surface of the reducing sleeve and the workpiece is increased, stress uniformity is improved, stable and reliable positioning of the workpiece can be realized, and an independent axial positioning pressure cover structure is not required to arrange.

Description

A kind of fixture
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fixture.
Background technology
Fixture is used for rapid fastening workpiece in machining to make lathe, cutter, workpiece keeps the process unit of correct relative position, indispensable parts, along with machine tool technology is to high speed, efficiently, accurate, the development in intelligence direction, fixture be it is also proposed high-precision, efficiently, economic dispatch requirement, in prior art, what the fixture for the disk-like accessory (as gear) with centre bore was common is expansion set mandrel, expansion set mandrel generally comprises the expansion core and drill holder that are slidably matched by taper surface, compress drill holder by clamping nut make it produce radial deformation and then position workpiece, expansion set mandrel can adapt to different inner hole of workpiece sizes within the specific limits and position, but the pretightning force that the tension force that expansion set mandrel produces and operating personnel put on clamping nut is amplification relation, manual clamping pretightning force is difficult to control, easily cause locate failure, existing drill holder outer wall surface is the face of cylinder matched with inner hole of workpiece surface simultaneously, namely coordinated with inner hole of workpiece by whole surface and locate, and be subject to the restriction of machining accuracy, drill holder outer wall surface cannot be realized in actual processing contact with inner hole of workpiece face entirety, usually local clamping point and gap can all be produced, although can control in allowed band the radial positioning error of workpiece, but to the axial location less stable of workpiece, add and easily cause man-hour workpiece to trackslip and slippage, and avoid above-mentioned phenomenon usually also to need to arrange axial location gland in expansion set mandrel one end to workpiece carrying out axial grip location, cause clamp structure complicated, cost of manufacture is higher, many step clamping workpiece operations simultaneously, affect clamping workpiece and production efficiency greatly, fixture overall weight increases, and uses inconvenience, adds the labour intensity of operating personnel.
Summary of the invention
For problems of the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of technical scheme of fixture.
Described a kind of fixture, is characterized in that comprising the mandrel being provided with taper face, the drill holder being set in mandrel taper face and makes it along mandrel clamp nut in axial sliding for compressing drill holder; Described drill holder outer wall is provided with groove, and described groove comprises the cannelure arranged around drill holder excircle direction, and axially evenly arrangement is multiple along drill holder for cannelure.
Described a kind of fixture, it is characterized in that described groove also comprises the straight trough axially arranged along drill holder, straight trough is evenly arranged multiple along drill holder excircle direction.
Described a kind of fixture, is characterized in that the bottom land place consistency of thickness of the corresponding each cannelure of described drill holder and straight trough.
The present invention forms by making drill holder outer wall in drill holder outer wall machined grooves the multiple back-up blocks separated by groove, each back-up block forms a little stayed surface, the back-up block that after clamping workpiece, pressurized is relatively large can be radially compressed, and then make pressurized relatively little and produce certain pressure between the back-up block energy that do not contact with workpiece and workpiece, increase the contact area between drill holder outer wall surface and workpiece, improve stressed uniformity, reliable and stable location can be carried out to workpiece, without the need to arranging independently axial location gland structure, compared with existing expansion sleeve clamp, structure is simple, lightweight, fixture manufacturing cost can be saved, reduce labor intensity of operating staff, clamping step can also be reduced simultaneously, be beneficial to and improve clamping efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the present invention will be further described:
The present invention includes the mandrel 1 being provided with taper face, the drill holder 2 being set in mandrel 1 taper face and make it along mandrel 1 clamp nut 3 in axial sliding for compressing drill holder 2; Described drill holder 2 outer wall is provided with groove; On mandrel 1, corresponding clamp nut 3 is provided with external screw thread, multiple back-up blocks that drill holder 2 outer wall is separated by described groove, and each back-up block forms a little stayed surface.Described groove comprises the cannelure 4 arranged around drill holder 2 excircle direction, easy to process, and drill holder in the prior art is directly processed; Axially evenly arrangement is multiple along drill holder 2 for described cannelure 4, the quantity of cannelure 4 is as the criterion with the reasonable compression strength making the back-up block be separated out have can be radially compressed, certainly as far as possible many processing cannelures 4 can be separated out more back-up block, more be conducive to increasing the contact area between drill holder 2 outer wall surface and workpiece 8, improve stressed uniformity.
Described groove also comprises the straight trough (not shown) axially arranged along drill holder 2, groove can be only the cannelure 4 arranged around drill holder 2 excircle direction or the straight trough (not shown) axially arranged along drill holder 2, also the groove structure be combined into that can be described cannelure 4 with straight trough (not shown) interlock, all can realize object of the present invention, more back-up block can be separated out by the combination that interlocks of cannelure 4 and straight trough (not shown).Straight trough (not shown) is evenly arranged multiple along drill holder 2 excircle direction, the support block structure that back-up block can be made to be evenly distributed simultaneously be positioned at same circumference and compression strength uniformity good, be beneficial to the positioning precision ensureing workpiece 8.
The bottom land place consistency of thickness of the corresponding each cannelure 4 of described drill holder 2 and straight trough (not shown), is beneficial to drill holder 2 homogeneous deformation.The side at the large end place of the corresponding taper face of described mandrel 1 is provided with the radial flange 5 for carrying out axial location to workpiece 8; Described self-adapting bulging sleeve clamp also comprises that to be set in mandrel 1 outside and be axially positioned on the packing ring 6 at described radial flange 5 place.Described self-adapting bulging sleeve clamp also comprises and is set in the outside and gland 7 of pad between clamp nut 3 and drill holder 2 of mandrel 1, destroys workpiece 8 end face surface when avoiding screwing in clamp nut 3.
The present invention forms by making drill holder outer wall in drill holder outer wall machined grooves the multiple back-up blocks separated by groove, each back-up block forms a little stayed surface, the back-up block that after clamping workpiece, pressurized is relatively large can be radially compressed, and then make pressurized relatively little and produce certain pressure between the back-up block energy that do not contact with workpiece and workpiece, increase the contact area between drill holder outer wall surface and workpiece, improve stressed uniformity, reliable and stable location can be carried out to workpiece, without the need to arranging independently axial location gland structure, compared with existing expansion sleeve clamp, structure is simple, lightweight, fixture manufacturing cost can be saved, reduce labor intensity of operating staff, clamping step can also be reduced simultaneously, be beneficial to and improve clamping efficiency.

Claims (3)

1. a fixture, is characterized in that comprising the mandrel being provided with taper face, the drill holder being set in mandrel taper face and makes it along mandrel clamp nut in axial sliding for compressing drill holder; Described drill holder outer wall is provided with groove, and described groove comprises the cannelure arranged around drill holder excircle direction, and axially evenly arrangement is multiple along drill holder for cannelure.
2. a kind of fixture according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described groove also comprises the straight trough axially arranged along drill holder, straight trough is evenly arranged multiple along drill holder excircle direction.
3. a kind of fixture according to claim 2, is characterized in that the bottom land place consistency of thickness of the corresponding each cannelure of described drill holder and straight trough.
CN201510825417.6A 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Clamp Withdrawn CN105290439A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510825417.6A CN105290439A (en) 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Clamp

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510825417.6A CN105290439A (en) 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Clamp

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105290439A true CN105290439A (en) 2016-02-03

Family

ID=55188633

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510825417.6A Withdrawn CN105290439A (en) 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Clamp

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105290439A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106563831A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-04-19 中核(天津)机械有限公司 Reducing sleeve for static pressure expanding arbor
CN110919571A (en) * 2020-02-21 2020-03-27 南京泰普森自动化设备有限公司 Clamping detection device for bushing

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106563831A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-04-19 中核(天津)机械有限公司 Reducing sleeve for static pressure expanding arbor
CN106563831B (en) * 2016-10-19 2018-04-24 中核(天津)机械有限公司 Drill holder for Hydraulic Expanding Arbors
CN110919571A (en) * 2020-02-21 2020-03-27 南京泰普森自动化设备有限公司 Clamping detection device for bushing

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20160203

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication