CN105289414A - Movable-type biomass collection and granulation system - Google Patents

Movable-type biomass collection and granulation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105289414A
CN105289414A CN201510777947.8A CN201510777947A CN105289414A CN 105289414 A CN105289414 A CN 105289414A CN 201510777947 A CN201510777947 A CN 201510777947A CN 105289414 A CN105289414 A CN 105289414A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
biomass
mobile
granulating
machine
granulation
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CN201510777947.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨欢
纪志明
董俊岭
耿振华
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浙江中源电气成套技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201510777947.8A priority Critical patent/CN105289414A/en
Publication of CN105289414A publication Critical patent/CN105289414A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a biomass curing molding technology and concretely relates to a movable-type biomass collection and granulation system. The system solves the problem that the existing granulation device has a large land occupation area and a high biomass raw material transport cost, improves a biomass fuel yield and reduces a labor cost. The movable-type biomass collection and granulation system is characterized in that the whole granulation system is installed in a moving platform, the granulation system is provided with a cutting and crushing machine, a dust remover, a feeding stranding cage and a circular mold granulator, the cutting and crushing machine, the dust remover, the feeding stranding cage and the circular mold granulator are orderly connected, the granulation system is also provided with a generator set and a detection control system, the detection control system comprises an upper computer, a PLC automatic control system connected to the upper computer, a water content detection device connected to the PLC automatic control system and a vector-variable-frequency speed control system, and the vector-variable-frequency speed control system controls rotation rates of the cutting and crushing machine, the dust remover, the feeding stranding cage and the circular mold granulator.

Description

A kind of mobile biomass collects granulating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to biomass solid shaping technology, specifically a kind of mobile biomass collects granulating system.
Background technology
The Biomass Energy Resources of China is very abundant, and particularly agricultural crop straw, gardens beta pruning, wood waste Isoquant are very large, and according to incompletely statistics, being often only stalk one just has about 800,000,000 tons.Along with the continuous progress of mode of agriculture, the transformation of progressively raising and the concept of level of agricultural production, stalk is seldom used further to cook, apply fertilizer, estimate when fuel consumption maximum 20%, as the quantity of feed less than 25%, utilize straw-returning, sideline production processing is less than 15%, remainder about 40% stalk overstocks idle, and peasant one has burnt it to save trouble; Forbid burning although government repeats injunctions, the stalk fire point that this year, Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection monitored just has 862, and crop straw burning not only causes severe contamination to environment, and is cause huge waste to resource.
Stalk machinery also field, this is that government's method of " dredging " solves a method of the outlet of stalk, though progress is fast, can increases the organic matter in soil, also there is certain drawback.Straw-returning is both bad levels land, and also easily causes soil to breathe freely dead seedling, and water percolating capacity of irrigating the fields is large, also easy sick insect pest simultaneously, and long-term stalk machinery also field also can cause soil nutrient imbalance.
Set up macro-organism matter power plant, really stalk outlet can be solved in a large number, but thing followed problem is exactly because stalk volume is large, cost of transportation is high, require that operating radius controls at zone of reasonableness, but in fact due to power plant's floor area requirement very large (wherein 2/3 is as stockyard), expropriation of land difficulty, cause final operating radius considerably beyond designing requirement, benefit has also been deteriorated; In addition agricultural sector beats one's brains for organizing the primordial matter raw material transports such as stalk.
In recent years, various biomass granulation equipment is promoted, solve to a certain extent living beings volume large, be worth low, that cost of transportation is high problem; But Problems existing is: domestic biomass granulation equipment level and efficiency far lower than external similar level, although external integral device level and efficiency more a lot of than domestic height, overseas equipment processing materials is single, and the height several times that cost ratio is domestic; Domestic equipment, to raw material and water content requirement also very high, in order to address this problem, also need to add special drying plant, overall energy consumption is very large, and efficiency is not high, and output is little, and intelligentized control method does not have substantially.
Although very abundant at China's biomass resource, but due to the reason such as the structure of agricultural production and planting habit of China, distribution but disperses very much, in order to biomass material need be transported to processing factory by granulation after the collection of producing region, because biomass material (as stalk, forest shrub) is comparatively fluffy, cost of transportation is higher, and storage also faces certain difficulty.The Granulation Equipments of usual a set of production per hour 2 tons, be fixedly mounted in factory building with the form of streamline to produce, about factory building at least needs to account for 300 square meters, cost of land is higher; In addition, biomass resource kind, the property difference of different regions are also very large, in granulation process, also the working method adjusting Granulation Equipments according to these differences is needed, but these operations all need veteran skilled worker to operate, and limit the rapid popularization of Granulation Equipments thus in a sense.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the existing problems solving the description of above-mentioned background technology, a kind of biomass collection granulating system of removable job is provided, the production line that the present invention utilizes modern Based Intelligent Control and Internet technology to achieve traditional biomass Granulation Equipments is integrated and intelligence manufacture transition and upgrade, and by carrying out blocking criteria transformation to granulation parts, whole system is incorporated in a container or motor van, thus achieve biomass material move collection and granulation; And solve the problem that existing Granulation Equipments floor space is large, biomass material cost of transportation is high, intellectualized operation realizes granulation process unmanned, greatly reduces human cost.
Present invention employs following technical scheme:
Mobile biomass collects granulating system; it is characterized in that: whole granulating system is arranged in mobile platform; granulating system is provided with the machine for cutting vermicelli, dust removal machine, material loading cage, the ring die pelleter that are connected successively; also be provided with generating set and detecting and controlling system; this detecting and controlling system comprises host computer, the PLC automatic control system be connected with host computer, the moisture content detector be connected with PLC automatic control system and Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System, and described Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System controls the rotating speed of machine for cutting vermicelli, dust removal machine, material loading cage and ring die pelleter.
As preferably, described detecting and controlling system also comprises high in the clouds data center, mobile terminal and wireless data acquisition module, host computer is connected and two-way communication with high in the clouds data center by wireless data acquisition module, and mobile terminal is connected and two-way communication with high in the clouds data center by network.
As preferably, described mobile terminal is PC, panel computer and mobile phone.
As preferably, described Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System comprises some motors and frequency converter, and frequency converter is connected with motor and PLC automatic control system respectively, and each motor drives machine for cutting vermicelli, dust removal machine, material loading cage and ring die pelleter respectively.
As preferably, described mobile platform is container or motor van.
As preferably, described dust removal machine is Asta-3746 dust removal machine, and the entrance of this Asta-3746 dust removal machine is docked with the outlet of machine for cutting vermicelli by airduct and Asta-3746 blower fan, and the outlet of Asta-3746 dust removal machine is connected with the entrance of ring die pelleter by described material loading cage.
As preferably, the outlet of described ring die pelleter is connected with a finished product hopper by particle transport machine.
As preferably, described ring die pelleter is configured with host cooling device.
As preferably, described moisture content detector is arranged on the entrance of machine for cutting vermicelli.
As preferably, described PLC automatic control system is connected with described host computer, Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System by PROFIBUS bus.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, native system is a kind of with various agricultural crop straw, garden shear branch, wood waste, and hollow palm fruit string and herbage etc. are that the mobile biomass of primary raw material collects granulating system, and the product of its machine-shaping can as fuel rod or feed rod; Native system granulation does not need the additive adding other any bondings;
2, this system is by detecting the moisture content of biomass material in real time, testing result is sent to PLC automatic control system in the mode of pulse signal, PLC automatic control system carrys out the associated motor speed of service of real-time monitoring machine for cutting vermicelli (all-in-one is pulverized in section), material loading cage and ring die pelleter by PROFIBUS communication interface, thus adapt to the biomass material of different water cut, different qualities, finally realize the effect of multipotency, energy-conservation, high yield, stable yields; The vector control technology that these core motors adopt, more energy-conservation than other common electric machines more than 30%;
3, decrease labour drop into owing to have employed auto-control pattern, realize leaping (feed intake do not count with porter) by the traditional work pattern of 4-5 name execute-in-place work to the technology of unmanned and remote control;
4, a whole set of biomass collection granulating system is integrated in container or motor van by vehicular, pulling type integrated design scheme, achieve the movable type process of biomass material granulation, very strong adaptability is had to operating environment, both solve the floor space problem that traditional biomass collects granulating system, solve again transport and the carrying cost problem of biomass material; Utilize car engine to set up exclusive self-generating system can depart from electrical network and carry out mobile operational process simultaneously;
5, for process biomass material 1.5 to 2 tons per hour, it is estimated after adopting vehicle-carried mobile formula biomass collection granulating system scheme, 30 present square meters can be reduced to by more than traditional occupation of land 300 square meter, decrease the expenditure of taking over the land for use and constructing the factory buildings, greatly accelerate the popularization of biomass collection granulating system as a kind of versatility agricultural equipment;
6, the mode of Internet of Things+internet can be set up by wireless data acquisition module, achieve and can carry out the running status of remote monitoring granulating system by mobile phone, computer and warning message notifies at once, for novel maintenance builds up a solid foundation;
7, granulating system can adapt in moisture content 8% ~ 30% scope under the prerequisite of not more mold exchange, the granulation of multiple biomass material curing molding, this granulating system is that the one in biomass straw comprehensive utilization industrial chain is universal, practicality, intellectualized technology equipment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram in the present invention.
Fig. 2 is plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structured flowchart of detecting and controlling system.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the invention will be further described, but the present invention is not limited to following examples.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, mobile biomass provided by the invention collects granulating system, and whole granulating system is arranged in mobile platform (container or motor van 12).Granulating system is provided with the machine for cutting vermicelli 1, dust removal machine 3, material loading cage 5, the ring die pelleter 7 that are connected successively and (is configured with host cooling device 9; i.e. heat abstractor), be also provided with generating set 10 (for whole granulating system provides electric power) and detecting and controlling system.The outlet of described ring die pelleter is connected with a finished product hopper 11 by particle transport machine 8.The PLC automatic control system 6 that this detecting and controlling system comprises host computer, be connected with host computer by PROFIBUS bus, the moisture content detector be connected with PLC automatic control system 6 by PROFIBUS bus and Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System.Described moisture content detector is arranged on the entrance of machine for cutting vermicelli, and described Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System controls the rotating speed of machine for cutting vermicelli 1, dust removal machine 3, material loading cage 5 and ring die pelleter 7.
As shown in Figure 3, described detecting and controlling system also comprises high in the clouds data center and (adopts General Server, omit in figure), mobile terminal and wireless data acquisition module (Internet of Things module or the conventional modules such as mobile Internet module or WIFI module can be adopted), host computer is connected and two-way communication with high in the clouds data center by wireless data acquisition module, mobile terminal such as, is connected and two-way communication with high in the clouds data center by network (mainly wireless network, mobile Internet or WIFI).Described mobile terminal is the conventional mobile device such as PC (as notebook computer), panel computer, mobile phone.
Described Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System comprises some motors and frequency converter, and frequency converter is connected with motor and PLC automatic control system respectively, and each motor drives machine for cutting vermicelli 1, dust removal machine 3, material loading cage 5 and ring die pelleter 7 respectively.
Described dust removal machine is Asta-3746 dust removal machine, and the entrance of this Asta-3746 dust removal machine is docked with the outlet of machine for cutting vermicelli 1 by airduct 4 and Asta-3746 blower fan 2, and the outlet of Asta-3746 dust removal machine is connected with the entrance of ring die pelleter by described material loading cage.
Operation principle of the present invention is: biomass material; machine for cutting vermicelli is entered by infeed conveyor; and after the dedusting of Asta-3746 dust removal machine, the biomass powder particle of granulation can be transported to ring die pelleter by material loading cage, finished product enters finished product hopper by particle transport machine.
Native system have employed the moisture content of high-precision online moisture content detector Real-Time Monitoring biomass powder particle, and controlled the rotating speed of Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System (i.e. frequency converter) each associated motor in real time by the PLC automatic control system of electric Intelligent control cabinet inside, to reach energy-conservation, efficient, high yield, stable yields.
Host computer can adopt the touch screen type man machine operation interface of hommization to make more convenient operation (prior art), native system is except feeding work and shipment sacker, whole granulating system can realize unmanned, data acquisition and cloud platform management system (prior art) can be built by the wireless data acquisition module of host computer simultaneously, remote monitoring, management, O&M are become a reality, and operator can accept running state information and the warning message of system by computer, PAD and mobile phone.
The operation principle of above-mentioned machine for cutting vermicelli, material loading cage and ring die pelleter all similarly to the prior art, does not describe in detail.The moisture content detector of described Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System, PLC automatic control system, high-precision online, container or motor van all can be purchased.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various amendment or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute to described specific embodiment; but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the scope that appended claims defines, these changes also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a mobile biomass collects granulating system, it is characterized in that: whole granulating system is arranged in mobile platform, granulating system is provided with the machine for cutting vermicelli (1) be connected successively, dust removal machine (3), material loading cage (5), ring die pelleter (7), also be provided with generating set (10) and detecting and controlling system, this detecting and controlling system comprises host computer, the PLC automatic control system (6) be connected with host computer, the moisture content detector be connected with PLC automatic control system (6) and Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System, described Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System controls machine for cutting vermicelli (1), dust removal machine (3), the rotating speed of material loading cage (5) and ring die pelleter (7).
2. mobile biomass according to claim 1 collects granulating system, it is characterized in that: described detecting and controlling system also comprises high in the clouds data center, mobile terminal and wireless data acquisition module, host computer is connected and two-way communication with high in the clouds data center by wireless data acquisition module, and mobile terminal is connected and two-way communication with high in the clouds data center by network.
3. mobile biomass according to claim 2 collects granulating system, it is characterized in that: described mobile terminal is PC, panel computer and mobile phone.
4. mobile biomass according to claim 1 collects granulating system; it is characterized in that: described Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System comprises some motors and frequency converter; frequency converter is connected with motor and PLC automatic control system respectively, and each motor drives machine for cutting vermicelli (1), dust removal machine (3), material loading cage (5) and ring die pelleter (7) respectively.
5. mobile biomass according to claim 1 collects granulating system, it is characterized in that: described mobile platform is container or motor van (12).
6. mobile biomass according to claim 1 collects granulating system; it is characterized in that: described dust removal machine is Asta-3746 dust removal machine; the entrance of this Asta-3746 dust removal machine is docked with the outlet of machine for cutting vermicelli (1) by airduct (4) and Asta-3746 blower fan (2), and the outlet of Asta-3746 dust removal machine is connected with the entrance of ring die pelleter by described material loading cage.
7. mobile biomass according to claim 1 collects granulating system, it is characterized in that: the outlet of described ring die pelleter is connected with a finished product hopper (11) by particle transport machine (8).
8. mobile biomass according to claim 1 collects granulating system, it is characterized in that: described ring die pelleter is configured with host cooling device (9).
9. mobile biomass according to claim 1 collects granulating system, it is characterized in that: described moisture content detector is arranged on the entrance of machine for cutting vermicelli.
10. mobile biomass according to claim 1 collects granulating system, it is characterized in that: described PLC automatic control system is connected with described host computer, Vector Variable-frequency Speed Regulation System by PROFIBUS bus.
CN201510777947.8A 2015-11-13 2015-11-13 Movable-type biomass collection and granulation system CN105289414A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105688744A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-22 浙江中源电气成套技术有限公司 Movable collection and granulation integrated system
CN106200585A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-07 韩连富 A kind of biomass power generation system based on Internet of Things and method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN106200585A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-07 韩连富 A kind of biomass power generation system based on Internet of Things and method
CN106200585B (en) * 2016-08-09 2018-10-16 韩连富 A kind of biomass power generation system and method based on Internet of Things

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