CN105222460B - Refrigerator - Google Patents

Refrigerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105222460B
CN105222460B CN201510607014.4A CN201510607014A CN105222460B CN 105222460 B CN105222460 B CN 105222460B CN 201510607014 A CN201510607014 A CN 201510607014A CN 105222460 B CN105222460 B CN 105222460B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
compartment
refrigerator
evaporator
air inlet
cabinet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201510607014.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105222460A (en
Inventor
姬立胜
戚斐斐
刘建如
聂圣源
陶海波
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao Haier Co Ltd
Qingdao Haier Refrigerator Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Qingdao Haier Co Ltd
Qingdao Haier Refrigerator Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qingdao Haier Co Ltd, Qingdao Haier Refrigerator Co Ltd filed Critical Qingdao Haier Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510607014.4A priority Critical patent/CN105222460B/en
Publication of CN105222460A publication Critical patent/CN105222460A/en
Priority to PCT/CN2016/086162 priority patent/WO2017049969A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105222460B publication Critical patent/CN105222460B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D11/00Self-contained movable devices, e.g. domestic refrigerators
    • F25D11/02Self-contained movable devices, e.g. domestic refrigerators with cooling compartments at different temperatures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D17/00Arrangements for circulating cooling fluids; Arrangements for circulating gas, e.g. air, within refrigerated spaces
    • F25D17/04Arrangements for circulating cooling fluids; Arrangements for circulating gas, e.g. air, within refrigerated spaces for circulating air, e.g. by convection
    • F25D17/06Arrangements for circulating cooling fluids; Arrangements for circulating gas, e.g. air, within refrigerated spaces for circulating air, e.g. by convection by forced circulation

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Cold Air Circulating Systems And Constructional Details In Refrigerators (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of refrigerator, including cabinet and setting are in the intracorporal several compartments of the case.The two sidewalls that the cabinet is equipped with rear wall and connect with rear wall.Several compartments include at least the first compartment and the second compartment above the first compartment, and the operating temperature of first compartment is lower than the operating temperature of second compartment.The refrigerator is additionally provided with the air duct between the compartment and the side wall and evaporator and fan between first compartment and the rear wall.The evaporator is arranged along the width direction of the cabinet, and the evaporator includes being located in the middle main part and the bent portion positioned at two sides close to the two sidewalls.The air duct includes the return air inlet set on the air outlet on each compartment top and set on each compartment lower end, guiding device is equipped between the return air inlet of the second compartment and the bent portion of the evaporator, the air stream being back on the evaporator by the second compartment is directed to merely through the main part and without the bent portion by the guiding device.So set, avoiding forming biggish ice cube in the pipe bent position of evaporator, the utilization rate of evaporator is improved.

Description

Refrigerator
Technical field
The present invention relates to refrigeration appliance fields, more particularly to a kind of refrigerator that can prevent evaporator from freezing.
Background technique
For wind cooling refrigerator, generally air outlet is arranged above refrigerator compartment, return air inlet is then arranged in compartment Lower section.It is illustrated with freezing chamber, in the confined space that evaporator is located at air duct and cabinet is formed, by the rotation of fan so that cabinet Interior gas forms the circuit of a circulation, and constantly the cooling capacity of evaporator is brought into cabinet and achievees the effect that refrigeration.However, The operating temperature of refrigerating chamber wants high with respect to the operating temperature of freezing chamber in refrigerator, when air stream returns in air duct from refrigerating chamber, When by the pipe bent position of evaporator two sides, (in general, pipe bent position is all the smooth pipeline of not fin, therefore herein Resistance is small) because carrying more vapor, then it is easy to the frosting between light pipe and air duct, simultaneously as being in edge, therefore Also it is not easy to melt when defrost.In addition, the air stream that return air inlet goes back can not obtain sufficiently if only passing through bend pipe Cooling so that from air outlet blow out air stream temperature it is excessively high, cause the utilization rate of evaporator low.
Therefore, it is necessary to which designing one kind is capable of the refrigerator that vaporization prevention device freezes to solve the above problems.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide one kind being capable of the serious refrigerator of vaporization prevention device left and right sides icing.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme: a kind of refrigerator, including cabinet and it is arranged described The intracorporal several compartments of case, the cabinet are equipped with rear wall and the two sidewalls that connects with rear wall, and several compartments are including at least the One compartment and the second compartment above the first compartment, the operating temperature of first compartment are lower than the work of second compartment Temperature, the refrigerator are additionally provided with air duct between the compartment and the side wall and between cabinet and the compartments Evaporator and fan, the evaporator along the cabinet width direction be arranged, the evaporator include be located in the middle master Body portion and positioned at two sides close to the bent portion of the two sidewalls, if the air duct includes doing set on each compartment top Air port and a return air inlet set on each compartment lower end, the return air inlet of the second compartment and the evaporator Guiding device, the air stream that the guiding device will be back on the evaporator by the second compartment are equipped between bent portion It is directed to merely through the main part and without the bent portion.
The return air inlet of technical solution as a further improvement of that present invention, first compartment is set between described first The middle part of room bottom end is corresponding with the main part of the evaporator, and the width of the return air inlet is no more than the width of the main part.
Technical solution as a further improvement of that present invention, first compartment are freezing chamber, and the evaporator is set to institute It states between freezing chamber and the rear wall.
Technical solution as a further improvement of that present invention, the air duct set that there are two to institute at first compartment rear portion State the air outlet of the first compartment outlet air.
Technical solution as a further improvement of that present invention, the air duct are equipped with two in the rear upper of the second compartment A air outlet, the return air inlet of the second compartment are located at lower end on the left of the second compartment, and close to a left side for the refrigerator Side wall.
Technical solution as a further improvement of that present invention, the refrigerator further include one be located at second compartment on third between Room, the operating temperature of the third compartment are greater than the operating temperature of first compartment.
Technical solution as a further improvement of that present invention, the air duct are uniformly provided with several at third compartment rear portion The air outlet, the return air inlet of the third compartment are set to the right side lower end of the third compartment, and close to the refrigerator Right side wall.
Technical solution as a further improvement of that present invention, return air inlet and the steaming of the air duct in the third compartment It sends out and is again provided with a guiding device between the bent portion of device.
Technical solution as a further improvement of that present invention, the fan are set to the top of the evaporator.
Technical solution as a further improvement of that present invention, the sky that the air outlet is obliquely installed to drive the fan Air-flow is blown into several interiors of the refrigerator diagonally downward.
Compared to the prior art, refrigerator of the present invention between the bent portion of the evaporator and the return air inlet in air duct by setting A guiding device is set, so that using guiding device the steaming will be directed to from the air stream of higher indoor return of relative temperature On the main part for sending out device, and without on the bent portion of evaporator, so that evaporator be avoided to freeze, the utilization of evaporator is improved Rate.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is refrigerator inside structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Present invention discloses a kind of refrigerator 100, the refrigerator 100 is equipped with cabinet 1, is mounted on the door body of 1 front side of cabinet (not Diagram), the accommodating space 10 between cabinet 1 and door body and several compartments 2 being housed in the accommodating space 10.Institute It states left and right side walls 12 that cabinet 1 respectively forwardly extends equipped with the rear wall 11 opposite with door body, from 11 two sides of rear wall, be located at cabinet 1 The roof 13 at top and the bottom wall 14 opposite with the roof 13, the accommodating space 10 be located at the roof 13, bottom wall 14, Between two sidewalls 12 and rear wall 11.Several compartments 2 are housed in the accommodating space 10.
Several compartments 2 include one first compartment 21, the second compartment 22 on the first compartment 21 and are located at the The third compartment 23 of two compartments, 22 top.The operating temperature of first compartment 21 is lower, the work temperature of the second compartment 22 Degree is higher than the operating temperature of first compartment 21.In the present embodiment, first compartment 21 is freezing chamber.Described second Compartment 22 is temperature-changing chamber, and the operating temperature of the third compartment 23 is higher than the operating temperature of first compartment 21.In this implementation In mode, the third compartment 23 is refrigerating chamber.
The refrigerator 1 is additionally provided between the rear wall (not shown) of first compartment 21 and the rear wall 11 of the cabinet Evaporator 3 and fan 4.The evaporator 3 along the cabinet 1 width direction level be set to first compartment 21 after Side.The fan 4 is set to the top of the evaporator 3.The evaporator 3 includes being located in the middle main part 31 and positioned at main body The bent portion 32 at 31 both ends of portion.The bent portion 32 is arranged at the left and right side walls 12 of the cabinet 1.The main part 31 It is equipped with fin 311, and the bent portion 32 is then smooth pipeline, there is no fin is arranged.
The refrigerator 1 is additionally provided with the air duct 5 between the rear wall 11 and several compartments 2.The air duct 5 is equipped with Several air outlets 51 and several return air inlets 52 being respectively communicated with several compartments 2.The air outlet 51 be obliquely installed with The air stream that the fan 4 drives is blown into diagonally downward in several compartments 2 of the refrigerator 1.The air duct 5 is described first It is set on the rear wall of compartment 21 there are two the air outlet 51, is equipped with an institute in the bottom end middle position of first compartment 21 Return air inlet 52 is stated, the width that this return air inlet 52 extends in left-right direction is less than the width of the main part 31 of the evaporator 3, so So that the air stream overwhelming majority being back to out of first compartment 21 on the evaporator 3 be directly over the main part 31 without By the bent portion 32.
The air duct 5 is set on the rear wall top of the second compartment 22 there are two the air outlet 51, between described first It is equipped with a return air inlet 52 on the left of the bottom end of room 21 at 12 position of left side wall of the cabinet, this return air inlet 52 will be from The air stream to flow back in the second compartment 22 is back to downwards the evaporator 3 along the extending direction along the left side wall 12 On.Between the evaporator 3 and the return air inlet 52 of the second compartment 22, the refrigerator is additionally provided with a guiding device 6, The air stream is directed to merely through the main part and without on the bent portion 32 by the guiding device 6.Because the The operating temperature of two compartments 22 is higher, and the water vapour content of the air stream of reflux is larger, therefore works as with a large amount of vapor When air stream enters on the evaporator 3, it is easy to it freezes in the pipe bent position of the evaporator 3, it will using the guiding device 6 The air stream is directed on the main part 31, then solves the problems, such as this.
The air duct 5 is equipped with multiple air outlets 51 on the rear wall top of the third compartment 23, between the third It is equipped with a return air inlet 52 on the right side of the bottom end of room 21 at 12 position of right side wall of the cabinet, this return air inlet 52 will be from The air stream to flow back in the third compartment 23 is back to downwards the evaporator 3 along the extending direction along the right side wall 12 On.Between the evaporator 3 and the return air inlet 52 of the third compartment 23, the refrigerator is again provided with a water conservancy diversion The air stream is directed to merely through the main part and without on the bent portion 32 by device 6, the guiding device 6. Because the operating temperature of third compartment 23 is higher, the water vapour content of the air stream of reflux is larger, therefore when with a large amount of water When the air stream of steam enters on the evaporator 3, it is easy to freeze at the bent portion 32 of the evaporator 3, using described The air stream is directed on main part 31 by guiding device 6, then solves the problems, such as this.
In conclusion refrigerator of the present invention between the bent portion 32 of the evaporator 3 and the return air inlet 52 in air duct by setting A guiding device 6 is set, so that the air stream to flow back out of relative temperature higher compartment 2 is directed to institute using guiding device 6 It states on the main part 31 of evaporator 3, and without on the bent portion of evaporator 3 31, to avoid in the bent portion 31 and institute It states and freezes between the side wall 12 of cabinet 1, and improve the utilization rate of evaporator 3, also facilitate to the greatest extent when subsequent defrost.
In addition, above embodiments are merely to illustrate the present invention and not limit the technical scheme described by the invention, to this The understanding of specification should be based on person of ordinary skill in the field, such as " front and back is run through " refers to not installing it It is through before his part, then the description for example to "front", "rear", "left", "right", "upper", "lower" isotropy, although this The present invention has been described in detail referring to the above embodiments for specification, and still, those skilled in the art answer Work as understanding, person of ordinary skill in the field still can modify or equivalently replace the present invention, and all do not take off Technical solution and its improvement from the spirit and scope of the present invention, should all cover in scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of refrigerator, including cabinet and setting be in the intracorporal several compartments of the case, the cabinet be equipped with rear wall and with it is rear The two sidewalls of wall connection, the refrigerator are additionally provided with the air duct between the compartment and the side wall and are located at cabinet and institute The evaporator and fan between compartment are stated, the evaporator is arranged along the width direction of the cabinet, and the evaporator includes position In intermediate main part and positioned at two sides close to the bent portion of the two sidewalls, the air duct includes being set on each compartment Several air outlets in portion and a return air inlet set on each compartment lower end, several compartments include at least the first compartment And the second compartment above the first compartment, the operating temperature of first compartment are lower than the operating temperature of second compartment, It is characterized by: guiding device is equipped between the return air inlet of the second compartment and the bent portion of the evaporator, it is described Guiding device by the air stream being back on the evaporator by the second compartment be directed to merely through the main part without By the bent portion.
2. refrigerator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the return air inlet of first compartment is set between described first The middle part of room bottom end is corresponding with the main part of the evaporator, and the width of the return air inlet is no more than the width of the main part.
3. refrigerator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: first compartment is freezing chamber, and the evaporator is set to institute It states between freezing chamber and the rear wall.
4. refrigerator as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: the air duct sets that there are two to institute at first compartment rear portion State the air outlet of the first compartment outlet air.
5. refrigerator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the air duct is equipped with two in the rear upper of the second compartment A air outlet, the return air inlet of the second compartment are located at lower end on the left of the second compartment, and close to a left side for the refrigerator Side wall.
6. refrigerator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the refrigerator further include one be located at second compartment on third between Room, the operating temperature of the third compartment are greater than the operating temperature of first compartment.
7. refrigerator as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that: the air duct is uniformly provided with several at third compartment rear portion The air outlet, the return air inlet of the third compartment are set to the right side lower end of the third compartment, and close to the refrigerator Right side wall.
8. refrigerator as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that: return air inlet and the steaming of the air duct in the third compartment It sends out and is again provided with a guiding device between the bent portion of device.
9. refrigerator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the fan is set to the top of the evaporator.
10. refrigerator as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the air outlet is obliquely installed to drive in the fan Air stream is blown into several interiors of the refrigerator diagonally downward.
CN201510607014.4A 2015-09-22 2015-09-22 Refrigerator Active CN105222460B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510607014.4A CN105222460B (en) 2015-09-22 2015-09-22 Refrigerator
PCT/CN2016/086162 WO2017049969A1 (en) 2015-09-22 2016-06-17 Refrigerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510607014.4A CN105222460B (en) 2015-09-22 2015-09-22 Refrigerator

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105222460A CN105222460A (en) 2016-01-06
CN105222460B true CN105222460B (en) 2019-01-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510607014.4A Active CN105222460B (en) 2015-09-22 2015-09-22 Refrigerator

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WO (1) WO2017049969A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105222460B (en) * 2015-09-22 2019-01-18 青岛海尔电冰箱有限公司 Refrigerator
CN111609619B (en) * 2019-02-26 2021-09-21 青岛海尔电冰箱有限公司 Refrigerator with air return openings formed in two side walls of refrigerator body
CN111121362A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-05-08 青岛海尔电冰箱有限公司 Refrigerating device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0432681A (en) * 1990-05-25 1992-02-04 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Cooler
CN2926938Y (en) * 2006-06-27 2007-07-25 海尔集团公司 Liquid inlet-outlet pipe set and elbow shield for air-conditioner
CN102287971A (en) * 2011-07-04 2011-12-21 合肥美的荣事达电冰箱有限公司 Evaporator cover plate and refrigerator with same
CN102297557A (en) * 2011-07-14 2011-12-28 合肥美的荣事达电冰箱有限公司 Refrigerator
CN204359028U (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-05-27 海信容声(广东)冰箱有限公司 A kind of refrigerator

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105222460B (en) * 2015-09-22 2019-01-18 青岛海尔电冰箱有限公司 Refrigerator

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0432681A (en) * 1990-05-25 1992-02-04 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Cooler
CN2926938Y (en) * 2006-06-27 2007-07-25 海尔集团公司 Liquid inlet-outlet pipe set and elbow shield for air-conditioner
CN102287971A (en) * 2011-07-04 2011-12-21 合肥美的荣事达电冰箱有限公司 Evaporator cover plate and refrigerator with same
CN102297557A (en) * 2011-07-14 2011-12-28 合肥美的荣事达电冰箱有限公司 Refrigerator
CN204359028U (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-05-27 海信容声(广东)冰箱有限公司 A kind of refrigerator

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2017049969A1 (en) 2017-03-30
CN105222460A (en) 2016-01-06

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