CN105166601A - Apparatus for removing pesticide residues on surfaces of vegetables and fruits - Google Patents

Apparatus for removing pesticide residues on surfaces of vegetables and fruits Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105166601A
CN105166601A CN201510425362.XA CN201510425362A CN105166601A CN 105166601 A CN105166601 A CN 105166601A CN 201510425362 A CN201510425362 A CN 201510425362A CN 105166601 A CN105166601 A CN 105166601A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
air
impeller
nacl
vinegar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510425362.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈兴权
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changzhou University
Original Assignee
Changzhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Changzhou University filed Critical Changzhou University
Priority to CN201510425362.XA priority Critical patent/CN105166601A/en
Publication of CN105166601A publication Critical patent/CN105166601A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Landscapes

  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)
  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to an apparatus for removing pesticide residues, and especially relates to an apparatus for removing pesticide residues on the surfaces of vegetables and fruits. A switch is powered on, a water stopping valve is opened, tap water enters from a water inlet, NaCl and edible vinegar are respectively added through a NaCl inlet and an edible vinegar inlet, a pressure pump is pressurized to increase the flow velocity and generate a negative pressure, extraneous air is sucked due to sudden narrowing of a water injection tube, air and water are mixed, a motor is started to drive blades on a rotating shaft to rotate, the obtained mixed solution is in full contact with air, a ratio of air to water of the air and water mixed solution is 1:1, the obtained mixed solution enters an outlet water pool through a water outlet tube, and water enters a center, and is sprayed to surfaces of vegetables and fruits through extruding two ends of a water impeller in order to generate nanometer bubbles. The apparatus has the advantages of good pesticide residue removal effect, high removal rate reaching 99.7% or above, no destroys to vitamins of the vegetables or fruits, mouthfeel guaranteeing, suitableness for the fruits and vegetables, and compatibility.

Description

A kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of device removing pesticide residue, particularly relate to a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue
Background technology
As everyone knows, remains of pesticide contained by vegetables, melon and fruit and Related product more and more receives the concern of common people to the harm of human body, China had once promulgated a lot of file, require strict control agricultural chemicals use amount and vegetables, melon and fruit remains of pesticide amount, the health of the people is ensured with this, but some businessman is subject to interests orders about, this problem is not well processed.
For solving fruit-vegetable pesticide residues problem, current people are when edible, by soaking fruits and vegetables 20-30min, but inapplicable for some fruit, as strawberry, soak time is of a specified duration, taste can become, and also has edible by removing the peel, and this method can remove pesticide residue by 100 ﹪, but the nutritional labeling of a lot of vegetables, melon and fruit has been removed, and most of vegetables with green leaves cannot use the method.Also have certain methods clearance not high.As publication number CN1990850, patent name " a kind of pesticides removal agent ", this remains of pesticide remover is based on pure-natural biological raw material, nontoxic, active ingredient wherein can adsorb this organic lipid of agricultural chemicals, and make its surface of peeling off vegetables and fruits fly on the water surface, simultaneously removal vegetables, in the remained on surface agricultural chemicals process of melon and fruit, do not destroy vegetables, the vitamin of melon and fruit and other nutriment are to vegetables, melon and fruit also can not produce the difference in mouthfeel, do not affect vegetables, the storage life of melon and fruit, but the method clearance only reaches 80 ﹪, clearance is obviously not high.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves: soak for passing through at present, use pesticides removal agent to remove pesticide residue to remove endless, after removing pesticide residue, vegetables and fruits taste is deteriorated, nutritional labeling is lost, the problem of vegetables and fruit can not be suitable for simultaneously, provide a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, the method is washed away by nano bubble, vinegar and salt disinfection, efficiently can remove the remains of pesticide on vegetables and fruits surface, do not destroy the vitamin of vegetables, melon and fruit simultaneously, ensure its mouthfeel.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts technical scheme as described below: a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, by water inlet, force (forcing) pump, NaCl adds mouth, vinegar adds mouth, water check valve, rotating shaft, blade, motor, indicator lamp, switch, outlet pipe, impeller and ostium excurrens composition, opening switch, water check valve is opened, running water enters from water inlet, add mouth at NaCl interpolation mouth and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump pressurizes, flow velocity is made to become large, produce negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor start-up, blade rotation on driven rotary axle, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then discharge bay is entered by outlet pipe, water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.
Described NaCl adds mouth and vinegar adds mouth, and what add respectively be mass fraction is the NaCl of 0.7 ﹪ and the vinegar of 0.9 ﹪.
Described force (forcing) pump is placed in outside water inlet pipe, the running of force (forcing) pump, produces pressure, is transported to by mixed liquor in the reative cell of top.
Described motor drives the rotation doing 360 ° containing vaned rotating shaft, mixed liquor is fully broken into minute bubbles with air, formation water smoke.
Described impeller surface is containing blade, direction blade and impeller keep 45 ° ~ 65 °, the water smoke of above-mentioned formation, due to the effect of eccentricity, gets rid of outlet pipe to the left, extruding jet, directive impeller, hit and impact blade, make its High Rotation Speed, finally impeller two extruding ejection again, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.
Principle of the present invention: due to nano bubble souring, makes the agricultural chemicals remaining in vegetables and fruits surface be easy to desorption, leaves its surface, wherein the adding of vinegar, pesticide residue can be made to depart from, enter in water, swim in clear water surface, then add salt, vegetable melon and fruit is carried out disinfection sterilization.
Application process of the present invention: opening switch, water check valve is opened, running water enters from water inlet, add mouth at NaCl interpolation mouth and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump pressurizes, flow velocity is made to become large, produce negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor start-up, blade rotation on driven rotary axle, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then discharge bay is entered by outlet pipe, water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.
The present invention is compared with additive method, and Advantageous Effects is:
(1) remove the effective of pesticide residue, clearance is high;
(2) do not destroy the vitamin of vegetables, melon and fruit, ensure its mouthfeel;
(3) be applicable to fruit and vegetables simultaneously, there is compatibility.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Figure is the schematic diagram of the present invention's " a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue ".
Wherein, 1, water inlet; 2, force (forcing) pump; 3, NaCl adds mouth; 4, vinegar adds mouth; 5, water check valve; 6, rotating shaft; 7, blade; 8, motor; 9, indicator lamp; 10, switch; 11, outlet pipe; 12, impeller; 13, ostium excurrens.
Embodiment
A kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, by water inlet, force (forcing) pump, NaCl adds mouth, vinegar adds mouth, water check valve, rotating shaft, blade, motor, indicator lamp, switch, outlet pipe, impeller and ostium excurrens composition, opening switch, water check valve is opened, running water enters from water inlet, add mouth at NaCl interpolation mouth and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump pressurizes, flow velocity is made to become large, produce negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor start-up, blade rotation on driven rotary axle, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then discharge bay is entered by outlet pipe, water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.
Example 1
A kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, by water inlet, force (forcing) pump, NaCl adds mouth, vinegar adds mouth, water check valve, rotating shaft, blade, motor, indicator lamp, switch, outlet pipe, impeller and ostium excurrens composition, opening switch, water check valve is opened, running water enters from water inlet, add mouth at NaCl interpolation mouth and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump pressurizes, flow velocity is made to become large, produce negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor start-up, blade rotation on driven rotary axle, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then discharge bay is entered by outlet pipe, water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.Wherein NaCl adds mouth and vinegar and adds mouth, and what add respectively be mass fraction is the NaCl of 0.7 ﹪ and the vinegar of 0.9 ﹪, and force (forcing) pump is placed in outside water inlet pipe, the running of force (forcing) pump, produces pressure, is transported to by mixed liquor in the reative cell of top.Motor drives and does the rotation of 360 ° containing vaned rotating shaft, and mixed liquor is fully broken into minute bubbles with air, formation water smoke.And impeller surface is containing blade, direction blade and impeller keep 45 ° ~ 65 °, the water smoke of above-mentioned formation, due to the effect of eccentricity, gets rid of outlet pipe to the left, extruding jet, directive impeller, hit and impact blade, make its High Rotation Speed, finally impeller two extruding ejection again, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.Strawberry is placed in this liquid and clean, soak 2 ~ 3min, detected by pesticide residue detector, find that clearance reaches 99.9 ﹪.
Example 2
A kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, by water inlet, force (forcing) pump, NaCl adds mouth, vinegar adds mouth, water check valve, rotating shaft, blade, motor, indicator lamp, switch, outlet pipe, impeller and ostium excurrens composition, opening switch, water check valve is opened, running water enters from water inlet, add mouth at NaCl interpolation mouth and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump pressurizes, flow velocity is made to become large, produce negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor start-up, blade rotation on driven rotary axle, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then discharge bay is entered by outlet pipe, water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.Wherein NaCl adds mouth and vinegar and adds mouth, and what add respectively be mass fraction is the NaCl of 0.7 ﹪ and the vinegar of 0.9 ﹪, and force (forcing) pump is placed in outside water inlet pipe, the running of force (forcing) pump, produces pressure, is transported to by mixed liquor in the reative cell of top.Motor drives and does the rotation of 360 ° containing vaned rotating shaft, and mixed liquor is fully broken into minute bubbles with air, formation water smoke.And impeller surface is containing blade, direction blade and impeller keep 45 ° ~ 65 °, the water smoke of above-mentioned formation, due to the effect of eccentricity, gets rid of outlet pipe to the left, extruding jet, directive impeller, hit and impact blade, make its High Rotation Speed, finally impeller two extruding ejection again, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.Green vegetables are placed in this liquid and clean, soak 2 ~ 3min, detected by pesticide residue detector, find that clearance reaches 99.8 ﹪.
Example 3
A kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, by water inlet, force (forcing) pump, NaCl adds mouth, vinegar adds mouth, water check valve, rotating shaft, blade, motor, indicator lamp, switch, outlet pipe, impeller and ostium excurrens composition, opening switch, water check valve is opened, running water enters from water inlet, add mouth at NaCl interpolation mouth and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump pressurizes, flow velocity is made to become large, produce negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor start-up, blade rotation on driven rotary axle, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then discharge bay is entered by outlet pipe, water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.Wherein NaCl adds mouth and vinegar and adds mouth, and what add respectively be mass fraction is the NaCl of 0.7 ﹪ and the vinegar of 0.9 ﹪, and force (forcing) pump is placed in outside water inlet pipe, the running of force (forcing) pump, produces pressure, is transported to by mixed liquor in the reative cell of top.Motor drives and does the rotation of 360 ° containing vaned rotating shaft, and mixed liquor is fully broken into minute bubbles with air, formation water smoke.And impeller surface is containing blade, direction blade and impeller keep 45 ° ~ 65 °, the water smoke of above-mentioned formation, due to the effect of eccentricity, gets rid of outlet pipe to the left, extruding jet, directive impeller, hit and impact blade, make its High Rotation Speed, finally impeller two extruding ejection again, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.Apple is placed in this liquid and clean, soak 2 ~ 3min, detected by pesticide residue detector, find that clearance reaches 99.7 ﹪.

Claims (5)

1. remove a device for vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, by water inlet (1), force (forcing) pump (2), NaCl adds mouth (3), vinegar adds mouth (4), water check valve (5), rotating shaft (6), blade (7), motor (8), indicator lamp (9), switch (10), outlet pipe (11), impeller (12) and ostium excurrens (12) composition, it is characterized in that: opening switch (8), water check valve (5) is opened, running water enters from water inlet (1), add mouth (4) at NaCl interpolation mouth (3) and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump (2) pressurizes, and makes flow velocity become large, produces negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor (8) starts, blade (7) on driven rotary axle (6) rotates, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then enter discharge bay by outlet pipe (11), water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.
2. a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described NaCl adds mouth (3) and vinegar interpolation mouth (4), and what add respectively be mass fraction is the NaCl of 0.7 ﹪ and the vinegar of 0.9 ﹪.
3. a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described force (forcing) pump (2) is placed in outside water inlet pipe, the running of force (forcing) pump, produces pressure, be transported to by mixed liquor in the reative cell of top.
4. a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described motor (8) drives the rotating shaft (6) containing blade (7) to do the rotation of 360 °, mixed liquor is fully broken into minute bubbles with air, formation water smoke.
5. a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described impeller (12) surface is containing blade, and direction blade and impeller keep 45 ° ~ 65 °, the water smoke of above-mentioned formation is due to the effect of eccentricity, get rid of outlet pipe to the left, extruding jet, directive impeller, hits and impacts blade, make its High Rotation Speed, the extruding ejection of final impeller two again, sprays vegetable and fruit surface again, produces nano bubble.
CN201510425362.XA 2015-07-18 2015-07-18 Apparatus for removing pesticide residues on surfaces of vegetables and fruits Pending CN105166601A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510425362.XA CN105166601A (en) 2015-07-18 2015-07-18 Apparatus for removing pesticide residues on surfaces of vegetables and fruits

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510425362.XA CN105166601A (en) 2015-07-18 2015-07-18 Apparatus for removing pesticide residues on surfaces of vegetables and fruits

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105166601A true CN105166601A (en) 2015-12-23

Family

ID=54889451

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510425362.XA Pending CN105166601A (en) 2015-07-18 2015-07-18 Apparatus for removing pesticide residues on surfaces of vegetables and fruits

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105166601A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108936732A (en) * 2018-07-24 2018-12-07 芜湖晋诚农业科技有限公司 A kind of spherical shape vegetables and fruits cleaning equipment

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5113881A (en) * 1989-06-25 1992-05-19 Israel Lin Dynamic ultrasonic cleaning and disinfecting device and method
CN101537401A (en) * 2009-04-29 2009-09-23 俞银德 High-efficiency atomizer with purification function
CN201388489Y (en) * 2009-03-23 2010-01-27 中南大学 Household ozone nano-bubble disinfection machine
KR20110022418A (en) * 2009-08-27 2011-03-07 한국식품연구원 Removing device for remaining agrichemicals using micro bubbles
CN202705080U (en) * 2012-08-10 2013-01-30 北京中农天陆微纳米气泡水科技有限公司 Air flotation device
CN204159287U (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-02-18 上海纳诺巴伯纳米科技有限公司 The micro-nano bubble generating pump of multi-stage impeller
CN104351922A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-02-18 北京中农天陆微纳米气泡水科技有限公司 Micro-nano ozone bubble fruit and vegetable cleaning device and cleaning method thereof
CN104475393A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-04-01 广东省农业科学院蚕业与农产品加工研究所 Cleaning and disinfecting method for fruits and vegetables

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5113881A (en) * 1989-06-25 1992-05-19 Israel Lin Dynamic ultrasonic cleaning and disinfecting device and method
CN201388489Y (en) * 2009-03-23 2010-01-27 中南大学 Household ozone nano-bubble disinfection machine
CN101537401A (en) * 2009-04-29 2009-09-23 俞银德 High-efficiency atomizer with purification function
KR20110022418A (en) * 2009-08-27 2011-03-07 한국식품연구원 Removing device for remaining agrichemicals using micro bubbles
CN202705080U (en) * 2012-08-10 2013-01-30 北京中农天陆微纳米气泡水科技有限公司 Air flotation device
CN204159287U (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-02-18 上海纳诺巴伯纳米科技有限公司 The micro-nano bubble generating pump of multi-stage impeller
CN104351922A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-02-18 北京中农天陆微纳米气泡水科技有限公司 Micro-nano ozone bubble fruit and vegetable cleaning device and cleaning method thereof
CN104475393A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-04-01 广东省农业科学院蚕业与农产品加工研究所 Cleaning and disinfecting method for fruits and vegetables

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
刘义等: "蔬菜农药残留去除方法", 《中国卫生工程学》 *
刘季霖: "纳米气泡发生装置研究", 《中国优秀硕士学位论文全文数据库 工程科技I辑》 *
邓超 等: "微纳米气泡发生装置及其应用的研究进展", 《石油化工》 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108936732A (en) * 2018-07-24 2018-12-07 芜湖晋诚农业科技有限公司 A kind of spherical shape vegetables and fruits cleaning equipment

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN207306020U (en) A kind of self-drying type Chinese yam cleaning machine
CN103462528B (en) A kind of fruits and vegetables cleaning sterilizing unit and method
CN105532837A (en) Ultrasonic lobster cleaning machine
CN200998183Y (en) Spray device of fruit and vegetable cleaning machine
JP2012096216A (en) Bubble micronizing nozzle, microbubble generator using the same, method for producing microbubble-containing water, article washing apparatus, article washing method, method for culturing marine product, hydroponic culture method, and shower apparatus
CN107836502B (en) Slicing device for squid
CN204994573U (en) Incomplete cleaning equipment of tealeaves farming
CN105010500B (en) A kind of physical fresh-keeping method of stem tuber agricultural products
CN204444155U (en) A kind of emblic fruit cleaning device
CN104475393A (en) Cleaning and disinfecting method for fruits and vegetables
CN203913315U (en) Cleaning unhairing machine for wild peach deep processing
CN105166601A (en) Apparatus for removing pesticide residues on surfaces of vegetables and fruits
CN111329020B (en) Preparation method of salted peppers
CN207479048U (en) A kind of rodlike Chinese medicine, which is peeled, is sliced all-in-one machine
WO2016167362A1 (en) Sterilization device for cut vegetable, sterilization system, sterilization method, and sterilized cut vegetable
CN207370029U (en) A kind of carrot processing cleaning equipment
CN207084064U (en) A kind of walnut-meat hulling machine
CN203555652U (en) Fruit/vegetable cleaning and sterilizing device
CN108064926B (en) Fresh-keeping method for sea shrimps
CN205093518U (en) Fruit vegetables sterilizing machine
US20100151094A1 (en) Methods, apparatuses, and systems for the removal of peels from agricultural produce
CN203354393U (en) Machine for cleaning fruits and vegetables
CN111602702A (en) Freeze-slurry-free snakehead fillet processing production line and production method
JP6576805B2 (en) Cut leek production method
CN107626642A (en) A kind of equipment for food cleaning

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20151223

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication