CN105166601A - Apparatus for removing pesticide residues on surfaces of vegetables and fruits - Google Patents

Apparatus for removing pesticide residues on surfaces of vegetables and fruits Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105166601A
CN105166601A CN201510425362.XA CN201510425362A CN105166601A CN 105166601 A CN105166601 A CN 105166601A CN 201510425362 A CN201510425362 A CN 201510425362A CN 105166601 A CN105166601 A CN 105166601A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
air
fruit
impeller
nacl
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510425362.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈兴权
Original Assignee
常州大学
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Application filed by 常州大学 filed Critical 常州大学
Priority to CN201510425362.XA priority Critical patent/CN105166601A/en
Publication of CN105166601A publication Critical patent/CN105166601A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to an apparatus for removing pesticide residues, and especially relates to an apparatus for removing pesticide residues on the surfaces of vegetables and fruits. A switch is powered on, a water stopping valve is opened, tap water enters from a water inlet, NaCl and edible vinegar are respectively added through a NaCl inlet and an edible vinegar inlet, a pressure pump is pressurized to increase the flow velocity and generate a negative pressure, extraneous air is sucked due to sudden narrowing of a water injection tube, air and water are mixed, a motor is started to drive blades on a rotating shaft to rotate, the obtained mixed solution is in full contact with air, a ratio of air to water of the air and water mixed solution is 1:1, the obtained mixed solution enters an outlet water pool through a water outlet tube, and water enters a center, and is sprayed to surfaces of vegetables and fruits through extruding two ends of a water impeller in order to generate nanometer bubbles. The apparatus has the advantages of good pesticide residue removal effect, high removal rate reaching 99.7% or above, no destroys to vitamins of the vegetables or fruits, mouthfeel guaranteeing, suitableness for the fruits and vegetables, and compatibility.

Description

A kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of device removing pesticide residue, particularly relate to a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue
Background technology
As everyone knows, remains of pesticide contained by vegetables, melon and fruit and Related product more and more receives the concern of common people to the harm of human body, China had once promulgated a lot of file, require strict control agricultural chemicals use amount and vegetables, melon and fruit remains of pesticide amount, the health of the people is ensured with this, but some businessman is subject to interests orders about, this problem is not well processed.
For solving fruit-vegetable pesticide residues problem, current people are when edible, by soaking fruits and vegetables 20-30min, but inapplicable for some fruit, as strawberry, soak time is of a specified duration, taste can become, and also has edible by removing the peel, and this method can remove pesticide residue by 100 ﹪, but the nutritional labeling of a lot of vegetables, melon and fruit has been removed, and most of vegetables with green leaves cannot use the method.Also have certain methods clearance not high.As publication number CN1990850, patent name " a kind of pesticides removal agent ", this remains of pesticide remover is based on pure-natural biological raw material, nontoxic, active ingredient wherein can adsorb this organic lipid of agricultural chemicals, and make its surface of peeling off vegetables and fruits fly on the water surface, simultaneously removal vegetables, in the remained on surface agricultural chemicals process of melon and fruit, do not destroy vegetables, the vitamin of melon and fruit and other nutriment are to vegetables, melon and fruit also can not produce the difference in mouthfeel, do not affect vegetables, the storage life of melon and fruit, but the method clearance only reaches 80 ﹪, clearance is obviously not high.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves: soak for passing through at present, use pesticides removal agent to remove pesticide residue to remove endless, after removing pesticide residue, vegetables and fruits taste is deteriorated, nutritional labeling is lost, the problem of vegetables and fruit can not be suitable for simultaneously, provide a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, the method is washed away by nano bubble, vinegar and salt disinfection, efficiently can remove the remains of pesticide on vegetables and fruits surface, do not destroy the vitamin of vegetables, melon and fruit simultaneously, ensure its mouthfeel.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts technical scheme as described below: a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, by water inlet, force (forcing) pump, NaCl adds mouth, vinegar adds mouth, water check valve, rotating shaft, blade, motor, indicator lamp, switch, outlet pipe, impeller and ostium excurrens composition, opening switch, water check valve is opened, running water enters from water inlet, add mouth at NaCl interpolation mouth and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump pressurizes, flow velocity is made to become large, produce negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor start-up, blade rotation on driven rotary axle, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then discharge bay is entered by outlet pipe, water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.
Described NaCl adds mouth and vinegar adds mouth, and what add respectively be mass fraction is the NaCl of 0.7 ﹪ and the vinegar of 0.9 ﹪.
Described force (forcing) pump is placed in outside water inlet pipe, the running of force (forcing) pump, produces pressure, is transported to by mixed liquor in the reative cell of top.
Described motor drives the rotation doing 360 ° containing vaned rotating shaft, mixed liquor is fully broken into minute bubbles with air, formation water smoke.
Described impeller surface is containing blade, direction blade and impeller keep 45 ° ~ 65 °, the water smoke of above-mentioned formation, due to the effect of eccentricity, gets rid of outlet pipe to the left, extruding jet, directive impeller, hit and impact blade, make its High Rotation Speed, finally impeller two extruding ejection again, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.
Principle of the present invention: due to nano bubble souring, makes the agricultural chemicals remaining in vegetables and fruits surface be easy to desorption, leaves its surface, wherein the adding of vinegar, pesticide residue can be made to depart from, enter in water, swim in clear water surface, then add salt, vegetable melon and fruit is carried out disinfection sterilization.
Application process of the present invention: opening switch, water check valve is opened, running water enters from water inlet, add mouth at NaCl interpolation mouth and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump pressurizes, flow velocity is made to become large, produce negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor start-up, blade rotation on driven rotary axle, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then discharge bay is entered by outlet pipe, water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.
The present invention is compared with additive method, and Advantageous Effects is:
(1) remove the effective of pesticide residue, clearance is high;
(2) do not destroy the vitamin of vegetables, melon and fruit, ensure its mouthfeel;
(3) be applicable to fruit and vegetables simultaneously, there is compatibility.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Figure is the schematic diagram of the present invention's " a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue ".
Wherein, 1, water inlet; 2, force (forcing) pump; 3, NaCl adds mouth; 4, vinegar adds mouth; 5, water check valve; 6, rotating shaft; 7, blade; 8, motor; 9, indicator lamp; 10, switch; 11, outlet pipe; 12, impeller; 13, ostium excurrens.
Embodiment
A kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, by water inlet, force (forcing) pump, NaCl adds mouth, vinegar adds mouth, water check valve, rotating shaft, blade, motor, indicator lamp, switch, outlet pipe, impeller and ostium excurrens composition, opening switch, water check valve is opened, running water enters from water inlet, add mouth at NaCl interpolation mouth and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump pressurizes, flow velocity is made to become large, produce negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor start-up, blade rotation on driven rotary axle, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then discharge bay is entered by outlet pipe, water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.
Example 1
A kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, by water inlet, force (forcing) pump, NaCl adds mouth, vinegar adds mouth, water check valve, rotating shaft, blade, motor, indicator lamp, switch, outlet pipe, impeller and ostium excurrens composition, opening switch, water check valve is opened, running water enters from water inlet, add mouth at NaCl interpolation mouth and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump pressurizes, flow velocity is made to become large, produce negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor start-up, blade rotation on driven rotary axle, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then discharge bay is entered by outlet pipe, water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.Wherein NaCl adds mouth and vinegar and adds mouth, and what add respectively be mass fraction is the NaCl of 0.7 ﹪ and the vinegar of 0.9 ﹪, and force (forcing) pump is placed in outside water inlet pipe, the running of force (forcing) pump, produces pressure, is transported to by mixed liquor in the reative cell of top.Motor drives and does the rotation of 360 ° containing vaned rotating shaft, and mixed liquor is fully broken into minute bubbles with air, formation water smoke.And impeller surface is containing blade, direction blade and impeller keep 45 ° ~ 65 °, the water smoke of above-mentioned formation, due to the effect of eccentricity, gets rid of outlet pipe to the left, extruding jet, directive impeller, hit and impact blade, make its High Rotation Speed, finally impeller two extruding ejection again, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.Strawberry is placed in this liquid and clean, soak 2 ~ 3min, detected by pesticide residue detector, find that clearance reaches 99.9 ﹪.
Example 2
A kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, by water inlet, force (forcing) pump, NaCl adds mouth, vinegar adds mouth, water check valve, rotating shaft, blade, motor, indicator lamp, switch, outlet pipe, impeller and ostium excurrens composition, opening switch, water check valve is opened, running water enters from water inlet, add mouth at NaCl interpolation mouth and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump pressurizes, flow velocity is made to become large, produce negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor start-up, blade rotation on driven rotary axle, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then discharge bay is entered by outlet pipe, water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.Wherein NaCl adds mouth and vinegar and adds mouth, and what add respectively be mass fraction is the NaCl of 0.7 ﹪ and the vinegar of 0.9 ﹪, and force (forcing) pump is placed in outside water inlet pipe, the running of force (forcing) pump, produces pressure, is transported to by mixed liquor in the reative cell of top.Motor drives and does the rotation of 360 ° containing vaned rotating shaft, and mixed liquor is fully broken into minute bubbles with air, formation water smoke.And impeller surface is containing blade, direction blade and impeller keep 45 ° ~ 65 °, the water smoke of above-mentioned formation, due to the effect of eccentricity, gets rid of outlet pipe to the left, extruding jet, directive impeller, hit and impact blade, make its High Rotation Speed, finally impeller two extruding ejection again, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.Green vegetables are placed in this liquid and clean, soak 2 ~ 3min, detected by pesticide residue detector, find that clearance reaches 99.8 ﹪.
Example 3
A kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, by water inlet, force (forcing) pump, NaCl adds mouth, vinegar adds mouth, water check valve, rotating shaft, blade, motor, indicator lamp, switch, outlet pipe, impeller and ostium excurrens composition, opening switch, water check valve is opened, running water enters from water inlet, add mouth at NaCl interpolation mouth and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump pressurizes, flow velocity is made to become large, produce negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor start-up, blade rotation on driven rotary axle, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then discharge bay is entered by outlet pipe, water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.Wherein NaCl adds mouth and vinegar and adds mouth, and what add respectively be mass fraction is the NaCl of 0.7 ﹪ and the vinegar of 0.9 ﹪, and force (forcing) pump is placed in outside water inlet pipe, the running of force (forcing) pump, produces pressure, is transported to by mixed liquor in the reative cell of top.Motor drives and does the rotation of 360 ° containing vaned rotating shaft, and mixed liquor is fully broken into minute bubbles with air, formation water smoke.And impeller surface is containing blade, direction blade and impeller keep 45 ° ~ 65 °, the water smoke of above-mentioned formation, due to the effect of eccentricity, gets rid of outlet pipe to the left, extruding jet, directive impeller, hit and impact blade, make its High Rotation Speed, finally impeller two extruding ejection again, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.Apple is placed in this liquid and clean, soak 2 ~ 3min, detected by pesticide residue detector, find that clearance reaches 99.7 ﹪.

Claims (5)

1. remove a device for vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue, by water inlet (1), force (forcing) pump (2), NaCl adds mouth (3), vinegar adds mouth (4), water check valve (5), rotating shaft (6), blade (7), motor (8), indicator lamp (9), switch (10), outlet pipe (11), impeller (12) and ostium excurrens (12) composition, it is characterized in that: opening switch (8), water check valve (5) is opened, running water enters from water inlet (1), add mouth (4) at NaCl interpolation mouth (3) and vinegar respectively and add NaCl and vinegar, force (forcing) pump (2) pressurizes, and makes flow velocity become large, produces negative pressure, suddenly reduce owing to staying water pipe simultaneously, suck outside air, mixing wastewater with air, motor (8) starts, blade (7) on driven rotary axle (6) rotates, mixed liquor is fully contacted with air, the ratio 1:1 of this mixing wastewater with air liquid, then enter discharge bay by outlet pipe (11), water enters into center, from the extruding ejection of impeller two, spray again vegetable and fruit surface, produce nano bubble.
2. a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described NaCl adds mouth (3) and vinegar interpolation mouth (4), and what add respectively be mass fraction is the NaCl of 0.7 ﹪ and the vinegar of 0.9 ﹪.
3. a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described force (forcing) pump (2) is placed in outside water inlet pipe, the running of force (forcing) pump, produces pressure, be transported to by mixed liquor in the reative cell of top.
4. a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described motor (8) drives the rotating shaft (6) containing blade (7) to do the rotation of 360 °, mixed liquor is fully broken into minute bubbles with air, formation water smoke.
5. a kind of device removing vegetable melon and fruit surface pesticide residue according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described impeller (12) surface is containing blade, and direction blade and impeller keep 45 ° ~ 65 °, the water smoke of above-mentioned formation is due to the effect of eccentricity, get rid of outlet pipe to the left, extruding jet, directive impeller, hits and impacts blade, make its High Rotation Speed, the extruding ejection of final impeller two again, sprays vegetable and fruit surface again, produces nano bubble.
CN201510425362.XA 2015-07-18 2015-07-18 Apparatus for removing pesticide residues on surfaces of vegetables and fruits CN105166601A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108936732A (en) * 2018-07-24 2018-12-07 芜湖晋诚农业科技有限公司 A kind of spherical shape vegetables and fruits cleaning equipment

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Application publication date: 20151223