CN105159904A - Digital resource associated management method and system - Google Patents

Digital resource associated management method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105159904A
CN105159904A CN201510237040.2A CN201510237040A CN105159904A CN 105159904 A CN105159904 A CN 105159904A CN 201510237040 A CN201510237040 A CN 201510237040A CN 105159904 A CN105159904 A CN 105159904A
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metadata
resource
management
described
applied
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CN201510237040.2A
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CN105159904B (en
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赵亚萍
周东升
程艳旗
霍丁
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浙江大学
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F16/00Information retrieval; Database structures therefor; File system structures therefor
    • G06F16/30Information retrieval; Database structures therefor; File system structures therefor of unstructured textual data
    • G06F16/35Clustering; Classification
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F16/00Information retrieval; Database structures therefor; File system structures therefor
    • G06F16/80Information retrieval; Database structures therefor; File system structures therefor of semi-structured data, e.g. markup language structured data such as SGML, XML or HTML
    • G06F16/84Mapping; Conversion

Abstract

The invention discloses a digital resource associated management method. The digital resource associated management method comprises that an application side provides a classified digital resource metadata definition application and sends the application to a management side; the management side provides an application-type metadata definition service and a metadata association definition service according to the received classified digital resource metadata definition application; and the management side provides an interface for obtaining classified digital resource application-type metadata information and an interface for operating classified digital resource metadata associated information to the application side. The invention also discloses an associated management system based on digital resources. By employing the digital resource associated management method and system, multidimensional dynamic associations of digital resources can be established.

Description

A kind of method and system of digital resource associate management

Technical field

The present invention relates to the digital resource standardized management in the fields such as library, archives, publishing house, museum, education, scientific research, particularly relate to the method and system that a kind of digital resource Classification Management associates with breakdown figures resource dynamic.

Background technology

Digital resource is one of form of expression of documentation & info, is the information resources summation issued in digital form, access, utilize that computer technology, the communication technology and multimedia technology are mutually merged and formed.It records the countless useful fact, data, theory, method, hypothesis, experiences and lessons, is that the mankind carry out interchange spanning space-time, the basic tool of understanding and reforming world.

Digital resource is the important carrier of knowledge and cultural spreading under internet environment, has the base attribute of traditional literature information, as numerous in Type division dimension, can divide, once document, secondary publications and tertiary by processing situation; Can divide by carrier format, write document, printed document, microfilm document, moviola document, machine-readable document etc.; Can divide by the discipline range of content, have Literature in Social Sciences, scientific and technical literature etc.Wherein, primary document, also known as original, refer to the working experience of author, observation or practical study achievement for according to and the original with certain innovation and creation and necessarily neodoxy create, as journal article, research report, patent specification, meeting paper, academic dissertation, technical standard etc.; Secondary publications is the class document produced after carrying out processing and sorting to primary document, as gophers such as bibliography, questions record, brief introduction, digests; Tertiary is on the basis of first and second document, and the document writing out through comprehensive analysis, people often call this kind of document the achievement of " information research ", as summary, thematic commentary, subject annual summary, progress report, databook etc.

In addition, a kind of concrete document may have the feature of two or more document type, and if " Nanjing University's journal (Social Science Edition) " is periodical, being again primary document, is also printed document and Literature in Social Sciences.National standard " document type and Carrier Means of Documents in Communication code " (GB3469-83) is according to practical standard, document is divided into 26 types, that is: monograph, newspaper, periodical, procceedings, compilation, academic dissertation, Science Report, technical standard, patent documentation, product sample, Chinese translation, manuscript, reference tool, gopher, archives, chart, ancient books, music score, microfilm, microfiche, audiotape, disc, video tape, movie film, lantern slide, other (brailles etc.).11 classes are had: books, newpapers and periodicals, academic dissertation, meeting material, patent documentation, Science Report, product information, scientific and technical archive, standard data, government publication and network text by document form of expression feature.Secondly, all there is larger difference in digital resource comparatively traditional literature in resource organizations, Resources Spread, total resources etc.In total resources, digital resource comparatively traditional literature resource growth rate is fast, and its total amount is large; Digital resources organizations can adopt reticulate texture, and comparatively traditional literature resource is complicated, as common web page resources, can text exhibition, audio frequency, video simultaneously, and the interrelated of the page can also be realized by link; Digital resource propagates through internet and arrives instantaneously, and traditional literature resource is then mainly through the vehicles, and speed is slower.In addition, digital resource also has a lot of unique characteristic, and affect and decide the performance of resource value, wherein very important point is the relevance problem of digital resource.

The relevance of digital resource refers to the inherence that digital resource exists each other or external mutual relationship, including, but not limited to being subordinate to, comprising, expand, the relation such as link.Being subordinate to is the hyponymy of breakdown figures resource, can segment multiple subclassification under generally large classification; Comprising is the parallel relation of breakdown figures resource, classified resource can be equivalent to several classified resource and; Expansion is the extension of breakdown figures resource, and a breakdown figures resource can increase characteristic, expands to different applications; Link be there are correlation properties breakdown figures resource between one connect each other.It is the important component part that digital resource increment utilizes that relevance between digital resource discloses, and typical application comprises Resources Navigation, aggregation of resources, knowledge mapping, Knowledge Discovery etc.

Along with internet development and the needs transboundary studied, the contact between digital resource is no longer confined to some fields, and the open interconnection of digital resource becomes the public demands of Numerical Resources Database owner, the Study on Resources person, resource user.Have the method for many solution digital resource relevances at present, but effect is unsatisfactory.Wherein, the most general method sets up association between digital resource by the master of database table, external key, this kind of association is integrated into master with what solve digital resource descriptor, the incidence relation that can build between digital resource was determined before system cloud gray model, the dirigibility that incidence relation builds is not enough, integrates while can't resolve multiple breakdown figures resource; Another kind of method, then calculate by the content similarity of digital resource the degree of correlation set up between digital resource, this kind of correlation energy pattern discloses the incidence relation between digital resource, the degree of accuracy of association generally can be improved by context relation, sometimes can obtain comparatively ideal effect, but also can occur the relevance of mistake because the semanteme of digital resource description entry is inconsistent.The digital resource of metadata to disordering effectively describes, can effectively realize managing the ordering of digital resource, improve quality and the efficiency of digital asset management, along with going deep into of metadata application, each field creates many metadata standard respectively, the semanteme of metadata, syntax and structure are established one's own system, digital resource interconnected system at present based on metadata can only realize in limited range, the particularly digital asset management of (as a specific Numerical Resources Database) and utilization in subrange, but the associate management problem that can not solve between inter-library (disparate databases) Heterogeneous Digital resource (different digital resource).

Summary of the invention

For the deficiencies in the prior art, technical matters to be solved by this invention is to provide the metadata management system under a network environment, the analytic uniform of the semanteme in being defined by metadata, syntax and structure, metadata interoperability for different digital resource provides third party to serve, promote effective utilization of Decentralization digital resource, for derivative the carrying out of business of the increments such as digital resource unified retrieval, various dimensions displaying, knowledge mapping, digital resource recommendation is offered help.

For solving technical matters of the present invention, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:

An associate management system for digital resource, comprises application side and management-side;

Described application side is used for management and the utilization of breakdown figures resource, proposes the definition application of breakdown figures resource metadata, sends to management-side;

The breakdown figures resource metadata definition application that described management-side sends according to the application side received, the applied metadata definition of breakdown figures resource and the metadata association definition management of breakdown figures resource are provided, generate applied metadata information and the metadata association information of breakdown figures resources, and provide the interface of the applied metadata information of activity classification digital resource and the interface of metadata association information for described application side;

Described application side obtains the applied metadata information of breakdown figures resource to management-side by the interface of the applied metadata information of described activity classification digital resource, described application side obtains the metadata association information of breakdown figures resource to management-side by the interface of activity classification digital resource metadata association information.

Wherein, digital resource of the present invention comprises the digital resource in the fields such as library, archives, publishing house, museum, education, scientific research, such as book metadata, periodical metadata, meeting metadata, patent documentation metadata, academic dissertation metadata, Multimedia Metadata, website metadata, news report metadata, picture metadata, software copyright metadata etc.

Described application side is application, can be people or system, and when application side is system, application side and management-side can adopt different development languages and software architecture to realize, to support the diversity requirement of application side.

Described management-side refers to the digital resource associate management system adopting different development language to realize.

Described breakdown figures resource is that form of classifying implements the digital resource of standardized administration, described classification form is multiple dimensions, as ancient books, from the dimension in field, library, belong to document resource, adopt DC or MARC as the metadata of this digital resource, from the dimension of archaeological research, belong to collection, adopt museum objects metadata.The requirement of classification is generally determined by described application side.

Described breakdown figures resource metadata refers to the metadata for needing the digital resource of standardized management to define after classification, and described breakdown figures resource metadata definition refers to the data structure managing process that constituent class digital resource metadata of making a living provides.

Described breakdown figures resource associations relation refers to the correlationship can set up between breakdown figures resource, including, but not limited to being subordinate to, comprising, expand, the relation such as link.

Described applied metadata is the metadata standard that application side requires to manage or utilize involved digital resource to set up, comprise for the data structure of interpretive classification digital resource characteristic and data type thereof and span, be digital resource message exchange and the basis of sharing and prerequisite, optional breakdown figures resource characteristic is including, but not limited to key elements such as time, space, content, technology, management.Key element as described academic forum resource can comprise the information such as lecture time, lecture place, speaker, lecture theme, resource format, sponsor.

The metadata association information of described breakdown figures resource refers to equivalence between breakdown figures resource metadata item, to related informations such as, combinations.As the combination related information between academic forum resource and scholar's resource, by mating between speaker's information of academic forum resource and scholar's essential information of scholar's resource, set up the incidence relation of academic forum resource and scholar's resource.

As preferably, described management-side comprises applied metadata and builds subsystem and metadata association ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM, described applied metadata builds the applied metadata that subsystem is used for defining classification digital resource, and build applied metadata attributes pond and applied metadatabase, described metadata association ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM for building the incidence relation between breakdown figures resource metadata, and provides the interface of activity classification digital resource metadata association information for described application side; Described applied metadata builds subsystem for metadata association ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM provides metadata definition information and metadata attributes pond information, and provides the interface of the applied metadata information of activity classification digital resource for described application side.

Described metadata definition information refers to the data structure expressing breakdown figures resource metadata, and described metadata attributes refers to the data structure that composition metadata is every, and described metadata attributes pond refers to the set of metadata attributes.

As preferably, described applied metadata builds subsystem and comprises property value administration module, metadata attributes administration module and applied metadata definition module, and described property value administration module is used for the management of breakdown figures resource codomain; Described metadata attributes administration module manages for the title to metadata attributes, mark, data type, codomain, generator data attribute pond; Described applied metadata definition module defines for the metadata item of breakdown figures resource, build the applied metadata of breakdown figures resource, and applied collection of metadata is managed, for described application side provides the interface of the applied metadata information of activity classification digital resource.

The metadata item of described breakdown figures resource refers to that each attribute item of composition metadata definition, the metadata item definition of described breakdown figures resource refer to the process of generator data item.

As preferably, described applied metadata builds subsystem and further comprises metadata standard administration module, and described metadata standard administration module is used for the metadata standard that each field defines and carries out standardized management.

Described metadata standard is all kinds of ISO (International Standards Organization) that different field is formulated in order to digital resource carries out catalogue management, national standardization mechanism, the metadata standard that the tissues such as industry and unit define, include but not limited to the DublinCore being applicable to Internet resources, IAFATemplate, CDF, WebCollections, be applicable to the MARC of documents and materials, DublicCore, be applicable to the TEIHeader of the humanities, be applicable to the ICPSRSGMLCodebook of social science data's collection, be applicable to the CIMI of museum and artistic work, CDWA, RLGREACHElementSet, VRACore, be applicable to the GILS of government information, be applicable to the FGDC/CSDGM of geospatial information, be applicable to the EAD of file store and resource collection, and be applicable to the MOA2metadata of digital picture, CDLmetadata, OpenArchivesFormat, VRACore, NISO/CLIR/RLGTechnicalMetadataforImages etc.

Described standardized management refers to and the rule of the metadata item of metadata standard according to applied metadata is managed.

As preferably, described applied metadata builds subsystem and further comprises breakdown figures inventory management of resources module, and described breakdown figures inventory management of resources module is used for the management of the hierarchical relationship between breakdown figures resource.

The form of expression of the belonging relation such as the hierarchical relationship between described breakdown figures resource refers to being subordinate between certain breakdown figures resource and other breakdown figures resources, sorts out, succession and hierarchical structure thereof.

As preferably, described applied metadata builds subsystem and further comprises attribute type administration module, and described attribute type administration module manages for the customization type of metadata attributes.

The customization type management of described metadata attributes refers to the data type structure that system provides and value type thereof and scope, for the complicated descriptor requirement of digital resource.

As preferably, described metadata association ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM comprises metadata mapping management module and associated metadata administration module, described metadata mapping management module builds for providing the incidence relation between metadata, described associated metadata administration module is used for managing the associated metadata set up, and provides the interface of activity classification digital resource metadata association information.

Association between described metadata is applied metadata and applied metadata, applied metadata and metadata standard, mutual mapping between metadata standard and metadata standard and syntagmatic, for the application such as polymerization, displaying, statistics, analysis of breakdown figures resource provides relational structure.Described associated metadata refers to organized formats and the content of record metadata association relation information.

As preferably, the interface of described activity classification digital resource metadata association information comprises breakdown figures resource and extracts interface and breakdown figures resource merges interface.It is the interface method of subset obtaining certain breakdown figures resource that breakdown figures resource extracts interface, and breakdown figures resource merges the interface method of merging between resource set that interface is acquisition two and above breakdown figures resource, splicing.

Described interface is the abstract compound of one that management-side is supplied to application side, and be that management-side and application side are not affecting in oneself built-in function situation, carry out mutual a kind of mode, interface type includes but not limited to API and WebService.

Described metadata definition refers to as the applied metadata of breakdown figures Resources Customization or is breakdown figures resource selection metadata standard.Directly can select the metadata standard defined for breakdown figures resource, also can pass through management-side its metadata structure self-defined, generate applied metadata.In order to meet the application such as unified view, displaying of isomery breakdown figures resource, the functions such as application side can be mapped by the metadata of management-side, interoperability set up the incidence relation between breakdown figures resource.

The present invention also provides a kind of method of digital resource associate management, comprises the following steps:

(1) application side proposes the metadata definition application of breakdown figures resource, and described application is sent to management-side;

(2) management-side is according to the metadata definition application of the breakdown figures resource received, and completes the applied metadata definition of breakdown figures resource and the metadata association definition of breakdown figures resource;

(3) management-side manages described applied metadata and associated metadata;

(4) management-side provides the interface of activity classification digital resource metadata information and the interface of activity classification digital resource metadata association information for described application side;

(5) application side obtains the applied metadata information of breakdown figures resource by the interface of described activity classification digital resource metadata information to management-side; Described application side passes through the metadata association information of interface to management-side acquisition breakdown figures resource of activity classification digital resource metadata association information.

The process flow diagram of the method for digital resource associate management of the present invention as shown in Figure 1.

As preferably, in described step (2), the method for the applied metadata definition of breakdown figures resource comprises the steps:

1. the unique identification of the applied metadata of defining classification digital resource and title;

2. the metadata item of the applied metadata of defining classification digital resource;

3. the metadata codomain of the applied metadata of defining classification digital resource.

As preferably, in described step (2), the method for the metadata association definition of breakdown figures resource comprises the steps:

1. the associated metadata title of defining classification digital resource;

2. the mapping relations of defining classification digital resource associated metadata item;

1. breakdown figures resource associations metadata information is generated.

As preferably, in described step (3), the method for applied metadata management comprises the steps:

1. the codomain set of metadata attributes is defined;

2. the data type of metadata attributes is defined;

3. define metadata attributes, put into metadata attributes pond;

4. by the defined applied metadata of breakdown figures resource stored in breakdown figures Resource TOC.

As preferably, in described step (4), management-side provides the method for the interface of the interface of activity classification digital resource metadata information and activity classification digital resource metadata association information to comprise the steps: for application side

1. application side sends information acquisition request to management-side;

2. management-side is according to application side request type, extracts metadata definition and metadata association information;

2. management-side sends metadata definition information and the metadata association information of standardization form to application side.

As preferably, in described step (1), be respectively metadata definition application and metadata association definition application, when application side submits the metadata definition application of breakdown figures resource to, the applied metadata of management-side builds subsystem provides operation interface, carries out applied metadata definition and obtain metadata information for application side; When application side submits the metadata association definition application of breakdown figures resource to, the metadata association ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM of management-side provides operation interface, operates and obtain related information for application side.

As preferably, in described step (2), described metadata association, based on metadata attributes, utilizes metadata attributes pond, adopts external key mode to realize association.Particularly, when metadata association relation set up by needs, the metadata that need be associated is redefined as applied metadata, each so applied metadata item is corresponding with the attribute in metadata attributes pond, again by the metadata mapping block of metadata association ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM, complete the merging between metadata and extraction operation.

Further, described applied metadata information and metadata association information adopt structural description, and selectable language includes but not limited to XML, JSON etc.

Further, described step (3), applied metadata and associated metadata are stored into breakdown figures Resource TOC respectively and breakdown figures resource shows catalogue.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:

(1) the inventive method is independent of all kinds of digital asset management system, with third party's service form, is defined by breakdown figures resource metadata, supports the interoperability of breakdown figures resource,, do not relate to the transformation of all kinds of digital asset management system simultaneously.

(2) the inventive method is by the participation of metadata management expert and domain expert, can build up huge metadata attributes pond, for different field digital asset management system, management organization formulates metadata standard provides the reference of metadata attributes item.

(3) the metadata management framework that provides of interconnected system of the present invention, its realization does not limit by development language, and metadata association relation and can need constantly to expand according to application scenarios, therefore have very strong adaptability.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the process flow diagram of digital resource association management method of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural drawing of digital resource associate management system of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of meeting paper metadata definition demand;

Fig. 4 is the data structure schematic diagram of metadata attributes;

Fig. 5 is the graph of a relation between metadata attributes pond and metadata attributes;

Fig. 6 is the graph of a relation between the autograph of meeting paper metadata standard and metadata attributes autograph.

Embodiment

In order to illustrate in greater detail digital resource associate management system of the present invention, describe the present invention in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings below.

As shown in Figure 2, digital resource associate management system of the present invention, comprises application side and management-side, wherein:

Described application side is used for management and the utilization of breakdown figures resource, proposes the definition application of breakdown figures resource metadata, sends to management-side;

The breakdown figures resource metadata definition application that described management-side sends according to the application side received, the applied metadata definition of breakdown figures resource and the metadata association definition management of breakdown figures resource are provided, generate applied metadata information and the metadata association information of breakdown figures resources, and provide the interface of the applied metadata information of activity classification digital resource and the interface of metadata association information for described application side;

Described application side obtains the applied metadata information of breakdown figures resource to management-side by the interface of the applied metadata information of described activity classification digital resource, described application side obtains the metadata association information of breakdown figures resource to management-side by the interface of activity classification digital resource metadata association information.

Embodiment 1

Be defined as example with the applied metadata of the meeting paper of Institutional Repositories below, illustrate applied metadata define method.

(1) application side proposes the metadata definition application of breakdown figures resource, and application is sent to management-side; Fig. 3 is meeting paper metadata definition demand.

(2) management-side is according to the metadata definition application of the breakdown figures resource received, and the applied metadata completing breakdown figures resource by applied metadata structure subsystem defines;

Particularly, management-side receives meeting paper metadata definition application, applied metadata builds subsystem and generates the unique identification that applied metadata major key ID realizes meeting paper metadata, and from metadata attributes pond, select metadata attributes and the metadata attributes value of meeting paper, comprise for it arranges qualifications, max min etc.Especially, when the metadata attributes of meeting paper is not in metadata attributes pond, applied metadata builds subsystem and provides the function creating metadata attributes, defines for new metadata attributes.

Fig. 4 is the data structure of metadata attributes, each metadata attributes is made up of attribute id, Property Name and attribute description, attribute id is the unique identification of metadata attributes, and Property Name is the conventional call of metadata attributes, and attribute description is that the characteristic that metadata attributes is relevant describes.

Fig. 5 is the relation between metadata attributes pond and metadata attributes, and metadata attributes pond is the set of metadata attributes, and each metadata attributes belongs to metadata attributes pond.

Fig. 6 is the relation between the autograph of meeting paper metadata standard and metadata attributes autograph, is associated between them by metadata attributes autograph id.

(3) management-side manages described applied metadata;

Particularly, complete the definition of meeting paper metadata standard when applied metadata builds subsystem, applied metadata builds subsystem and defined meeting paper metadata standard is stored in metadata catalog tree.

Here is that the data structure of metadata catalog tree describes.

<? xmlversion=" 1.0 " encoding=" UTF-8 " standalone=" yes "? ><ns2:categoryDataxmlns:ns2=" http://category.hd.org/schema/category " ><postCatkeywords=" jgzsk " name=" Institutional Repositories " id=" 1 " ><childCatkeywords=" hylw " name=" meeting paper " id=" 12 " ></childCat>LEs sT.LTssT.LT/postCat></ns2:cat egoryData>

(4) management-side provides interface for described application side;

Particularly, management-side provides interface, and adopt http protocol, data are XML format, call for application side.Interface data format is as follows:

<?xmlversion="1.0"encoding="UTF-8"standalone="yes"?><ns2:categoryDataxmlns:ns2="http://category.hd.org/schema/category"><postCatkeywords="jgzsk"name="Institutional repository"id="1"><childCatkeywords="hylw"name="Conference papers"id="12"><postAttrcomment=""definition=""isDuplicated="false"isRequired="true"type="title"keywords=""name="title"id="1"><validation><minStrLength>1</minStrLength><maxStrLength>100</maxStrLength></validation></postAttr><postAttrcomment=""definition=""isDuplicated="false"isRequired="true"type="expert"keywords=""name="The author" id = "2" & gt;& lt;Validation>& lt;TheNumberOf>7 & lt;/ theNumberOf>& lt;MaxStrLengthPerWord>20 & lt;/ maxStrLengthPerWord>& lt;/ validation>& lt;/ postAttr>& lt;PostAttrcomment = "definition" = "" isDuplicated =" false "isRequired =" false "type =" keyword "keywords =" "name =" keywords or key phrases "id =" 3 "& gt;& lt;Validation>& lt;TheNumberOf>5 & lt;/ theNumberOf>& lt;MaxStrLengthPerWord>20 & lt;/ maxStrLengthPerWord>& lt;/ validation>& lt;/ postAttr>& lt;PostAttrcomment = "definition" = "" isDuplicated =" false "isRequired =" false "type =" date "keywords =" "name =" publication date"id="13"/><postAttrcomment=""definition=""isDuplicated="false"isRequired="true"type="description"keywords=""name="Abstract" id = "4" & gt;& lt;Validation>& lt;MinStrLength>2 & lt;/ minStrLength>& lt;MaxStrLength>1000 & lt;/ maxStrLength>& lt;/ validation>& lt;/ postAttr>& lt;PostAttrcomment = "definition" = "" isDuplicated =" false "isRequired =" false "type =" string "keywords =" "name =" identifier "id =" 14 "& gt;& lt;Validation>& lt;MinStrLength>1 & lt;/ minStrLength>& lt;MaxStrLength>20 & lt;/ maxStrLength>& lt;/ validation>& lt;/ postAttr>& lt;PostAttrcomment = "definition" = "" isDuplicated =" false "isRequired =" false "type =" select "keywords =" "name =" languages "id =" 5 "& gt;& lt;Valname = "Chinese" Id="57"/><valname="English (us)" id = "58" / & gt;& lt;Valname = "in both Chinese and English" id = "59" / & gt;& lt;Valname = "ru" id = "60" / & gt;& lt;Valname = "English" id = "61" / & gt;& lt;Valname = "Japanese" id = "62" / & gt;& lt;Valname = "Italian" id = "63" / & gt;& lt;Valname = "French" id = "64" / & gt;& lt;Valname = "German" id = "65" / & gt;& lt;Valname = "Spanish" id = "66" / & gt;& lt;Valname = "Malay" id = "67" / & gt;& lt;Valname = "Korean" id = "68" / & gt;& lt;Valname = "other languages" id = "69" / & gt;& lt;Valname = "unknown" id = "70" / & gt;& lt;/ postAttr>& lt;PostAttrcomment = "definition" = "" isDuplicated =" false "isRequired =" false "type =" string "keywords =" "name =" name "the meetingid="15"><validation><minStrLength>1</minStrLength><maxStrLength>50</maxStrLength></validation></postAttr><postAttrcomment=""definition=""isDuplicated="false"isRequired="false"type="string"keywords=""name="Press" id = "16" & gt;& lt;Validation>& lt;MinStrLength>1 & lt;/ minStrLength>& lt;MaxStrLength>30 & lt;/ maxStrLength>& lt;/ validation>& lt;/ postAttr>& lt;PostAttrcomment = "definition" = "" isDuplicated =" false "isRequired =" false "type =" date "keywords =" "name =" is the date of the meeting "id =" 17 "/ & gt;& lt;PostAttrcomment = "definition" = "" isDuplicated =" false "isRequired =" false "type =" string "keywords =" "name =" author "id="6"><validation><minStrLength>1</minStrLength><maxStrLength>16</maxStrLength></validation></postAttr><postAttrcomment=""definition=""isDuplicated="false"isRequired="false"type="string"keywords=""name="Published" id = "18" & gt;& lt;Validation>& lt;MinStrLength>1 & lt;/ minStrLength>& lt;MaxStrLength>30 & lt;/ maxStrLength>& lt;/ validation>& lt;/ postAttr>& lt;PostAttrcomment = "definition" = "" isDuplicated =" false "isRequired =" false "type =" textarea keywords "=" "name =" copyright "id =" 19 "& gt;& lt;Validation>& lt;MinStrLength>1 & lt;/ minStrLength>& lt;MaxStrLength>50 & lt;/ maxStrLength>& lt;/ validation>& lt;/ postAttr>& lt;PostAttrcomment = "definition" = "" isDuplicated =" false "isRequired =" false "type =" string "keywords =" "name =" meeting place "id="20"><validation><minStrLength>1</minStrLength><maxStrLength>50</maxStrLength></validation></postAttr><postAttrcomment=""definition=""isDuplicated= "false" isRequired = "false" type = "string" keywords = "" name =" organizer "id =" 21 "& gt;& lt;Validation>& lt;MinStrLength>1 & lt;/ minStrLength>& lt;MaxStrLength>50 & lt;/ maxStrLength>& lt;/ validation>& lt;/ postAttr>& lt;PostAttrcomment = "definition" = "" isDuplicated =" false "isRequired =" false "type =" string "keywords =" "name =" organizer "id =" 22 "& gt;& lt;Validation>& lt;MinStrLength>1 & lt;/ minStrLength>& lt;MaxStrLength>30 & lt;/ maxStrLength>& lt;/ validation>& lt;/ postAttr>& lt;PostAttrcomment = "definition" = "" isDuplicated =" false "isRequired =" false "type =" string "keywords =" "name =" source "id= "10" & gt;& lt;Validation>& lt;MinStrLength>1 & lt;/ minStrLength>& lt;MaxStrLength>100 & lt;/ maxStrLength>& lt;/ validation>& lt;/ postAttr>& lt;PostAttrcomment = "definition" = "" isDuplicated =" false "isRequired =" false "type =" file "keywords =" "name =" attachment "id =" 12 "/ & gt;& lt;/ childCat>& lt;/ postCat>& lt;: / ns2 categoryData>

(5) application side obtains the applied metadata information of breakdown figures resource to management-side by the interface of described activity classification digital resource metadata information.Embodiment 1 gives a kind of method of applied metadata definition, and by the method, the applied metadata of meeting paper of Institutional Repositories obtains definition, and Institutional Repositories can obtain the definition information of XML format by interface.

Embodiment 2

Below with the academic dissertation in Institutional Repositories, journal article after reunification, it is example that merging is illustrated as paper, illustrates metadata association method.

(1) application side proposes the metadata association management application of breakdown figures resource, and application is sent to management-side;

Particularly, application side needs academic dissertation, journal article two classified resource to merge into this type of paper, carries out the unified of resource and shows.

(2) management-side is according to the metadata association management application of the breakdown figures resource received, and the metadata association being completed breakdown figures resource by metadata association ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM defines;

Particularly, management-side recalls element property under meeting paper and journal article and element property values, define for paper classification metadata, as restrictive condition, the attribute that paper classification can only use the metadata attributes of meeting paper and journal article to classify as it, and each classification can associate three classification, classification can select all or part of metadata attributes as the attribute of self from the classification of association.

The MAPPING form that present system generates is as follows:

(3) management-side provides interface for described application side;

Particularly, management-side provides interface by http protocol, and data are XML format, and interface format is as follows:

& lt;?Xmlversion = "1.0" encoding = "utf-8" standalone = "yes"?& gt;& lt;Ns2: categoryDataxmlns: ns2 = "http://category.hd.org/schema/category" & gt;& lt;Institutional repository displayCatkeywords = "" name =" "id =" 243 "& gt;& lt;Journal articles in childCatkeywords = "" name =" "id =" 252 "& gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "title" name = "title" id = "1" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "expert" name = "author" id = "2" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "keyword" name = "keywords or key phrases" id = "3" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "description" name = "abstract" id = "4" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "select" name = "languages" Id="5"/><displayAttrtype="string"name="The first author" id = "6" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "nianjuanqi" name = "volume issue" id = "7" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "string" name = "projects" id = "8" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "string" name = "title" id = "9" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "string" name = "source" id = "10" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "string" name = "page" id = "11" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "file" name = "attachment" id = "12" / & gt;& lt;/ childCat>& lt;ChildCatkeywords = "" name =" conference papers "id =" 251 "& gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "title" name = "title" id = "1" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "expert" name = "author" id = "2" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "keyword" name = "keywords or key phrases" id = "3" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "description" name = "abstract" id = "4" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "select" name = "languages" id = "5" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "string" name = "author"id="6"/><displayAttrtype="string"name="Source" id = "10" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "file" name = "attachment" id = "12" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "date" name = "publication date" id = "13" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "string" name = "identifier" id = "14" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "string" name = "meeting name" id = "15" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "string" name = "press" id = "16" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "date" name = "meeting date" id = "17" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "string" name = "published" id = "18" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "textarea" name = "copyright" id = "19" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "string" name = "meeting place" id = "20" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "string" name = "organizer" id = "21" / & gt;& lt;DisplayAttrtype = "string" name = "organizer" id="22"/></childCat></displayCat></ns2:categoryData>

(4) application side passes through the metadata association information of interface to management-side acquisition breakdown figures resource of activity classification digital resource metadata association information by described application side.

Embodiment 2 gives the method for a kind of metadata association definition, pass through the method, the academic dissertation of Institutional Repositories, journal article are integrated into a new paper classification, the related information that Institutional Repositories can be commenced between paper, journal article, paper by interface.

Above-described embodiment is only not used in for illustration of the present invention and limits the scope of the invention.In addition should be understood that those skilled in the art can make various changes or modifications the present invention, and these equivalent form of values fall within the application's appended claims limited range equally after the content of having read the present invention's instruction.

Claims (13)

1. an associate management system for digital resource, is characterized in that: described system comprises application side and management-side; Wherein:
Described application side is used for management and the utilization of breakdown figures resource, proposes the definition application of breakdown figures resource metadata, sends to management-side;
The breakdown figures resource metadata definition application that described management-side sends according to the application side received, the applied metadata definition of breakdown figures resource and the metadata association definition management of breakdown figures resource are provided, generate applied metadata information and the metadata association information of breakdown figures resources, and provide the interface of the applied metadata information of activity classification digital resource and the interface of metadata association information for described application side;
Described application side obtains the applied metadata information of breakdown figures resource to management-side by the interface of the applied metadata information of described activity classification digital resource, described application side obtains the metadata association information of breakdown figures resource to management-side by the interface of activity classification digital resource metadata association information.
2. the associate management system of digital resource according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described management-side comprises applied metadata and builds subsystem and metadata association ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM, described applied metadata builds the applied metadata that subsystem is used for defining classification digital resource, and build applied metadata attributes pond and applied metadatabase, described metadata association ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM for building the incidence relation between breakdown figures resource metadata, and provides the interface of activity classification digital resource metadata association information for described application side; Described applied metadata builds subsystem for metadata association ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM provides metadata definition information and metadata attributes pond information, and provides the interface of the applied metadata information of activity classification digital resource for described application side.
3. the associate management system of digital resource according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described applied metadata builds subsystem and comprises property value administration module, metadata attributes administration module and applied metadata definition module, and described property value administration module is used for the management of breakdown figures resource codomain; Described metadata attributes administration module manages for the title to metadata attributes, mark, data type, codomain, generator data attribute pond; Described applied metadata definition module defines for the metadata item of breakdown figures resource, build the applied metadata of breakdown figures resource, and applied collection of metadata is managed, for described application side provides the interface of the applied metadata information of activity classification digital resource.
4. the associate management system of digital resource according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described applied metadata builds subsystem and further comprises metadata standard administration module, and the metadata standard that described metadata standard administration module defines for each field carries out standardized management.
5. the associate management system of digital resource according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described applied metadata builds subsystem and further comprises breakdown figures inventory management of resources module, and described breakdown figures inventory management of resources module is used for the management of the hierarchical relationship between breakdown figures resource.
6. the associate management system of digital resource according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described applied metadata builds subsystem and further comprises attribute type administration module, and described attribute type administration module manages for the customization type of metadata attributes.
7. the associate management system of digital resource according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that: described metadata association ADMINISTRATION SUBSYSTEM comprises metadata mapping management module and associated metadata administration module, described metadata mapping management module builds for providing the incidence relation between metadata, described associated metadata administration module is used for managing the associated metadata set up, and provides the interface of Operand data association message.
8. the associate management system of digital resource according to claim 7, is characterized in that: the interface of described Operand data association message comprises breakdown figures resource and extracts interface and breakdown figures resource merges interface.
9. the digital resource association management method of system according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the steps:
(1) application side proposes the metadata definition application of breakdown figures resource, and described application is sent to management-side;
(2) management-side is according to the metadata definition application of the breakdown figures resource received, and completes the applied metadata definition of breakdown figures resource and the metadata association definition of breakdown figures resource;
(3) management-side manages described applied metadata and associated metadata;
(4) management-side provides the interface of activity classification digital resource metadata information and the interface of activity classification digital resource metadata association information for described application side;
(5) application side obtains the applied metadata information of breakdown figures resource by the interface of described activity classification digital resource metadata information to management-side; Described application side passes through the metadata association information of interface to management-side acquisition breakdown figures resource of activity classification digital resource metadata association information.
10. digital resource association management method according to claim 9, is characterized in that: in described step (2), the method for the applied metadata definition of breakdown figures resource comprises the steps:
1. the unique identification of the applied metadata of defining classification digital resource and title;
2. the metadata item of the applied metadata of defining classification digital resource;
3. the metadata item codomain of the applied metadata of defining classification digital resource.
11. digital resource association management methods according to claim 9, is characterized in that: in described step (2), the method for the metadata association definition of breakdown figures resource comprises the steps:
1. the associated metadata title of defining classification digital resource;
2. the mapping relations of defining classification digital resource metadata item;
3. breakdown figures resource metadata related information is generated.
12. digital resource association management methods according to right 9, is characterized in that: in described step (3), the method for applied metadata management comprises the steps:
1. the codomain set of metadata attributes is defined;
2. the data type of metadata attributes is defined;
3. define metadata attributes, put into metadata attributes pond;
4. by the defined applied metadata of breakdown figures resource stored in breakdown figures Resource TOC.
13. digital resource association management methods according to right 9, is characterized in that: in described step (4), management-side provides the method for interface to comprise the steps: for application side
1. application side sends information acquisition request to management-side;
2. management-side is according to the request type of application side acquisition of information, extracts metadata definition or metadata association information;
3. management-side sends metadata definition information or the metadata association information of standardization form to application side.
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