CN105091623A - Cooling device used for compound fertilizer - Google Patents

Cooling device used for compound fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105091623A
CN105091623A CN201510534366.1A CN201510534366A CN105091623A CN 105091623 A CN105091623 A CN 105091623A CN 201510534366 A CN201510534366 A CN 201510534366A CN 105091623 A CN105091623 A CN 105091623A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylindrical shell
cooling device
composite fertilizer
motor
cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510534366.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
屈景斌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHONGQING CITY YONGCHUAN DISTRICT TIANTANG CHEMICAL PLANT
Original Assignee
CHONGQING CITY YONGCHUAN DISTRICT TIANTANG CHEMICAL PLANT
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHONGQING CITY YONGCHUAN DISTRICT TIANTANG CHEMICAL PLANT filed Critical CHONGQING CITY YONGCHUAN DISTRICT TIANTANG CHEMICAL PLANT
Priority to CN201510534366.1A priority Critical patent/CN105091623A/en
Publication of CN105091623A publication Critical patent/CN105091623A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of fertilizer manufacturing devices, and discloses a cooling device used for compound fertilizer. The cooling device comprises a base, a motor and a cylinder. The cylinder is arranged on the base in a rotating manner and is connected with the output end of the motor. The cylinder is provided with a feed port and a discharge port. The cylinder is arranged in an inclined manner. The feed port is located at a high end. A valve is arranged at the discharge port. A cavity is formed in the cylinder wall of the cylinder. A working medium is arranged in the cavity. The heat conductivity coefficient of the cylinder is at least 30 W/m. DEG C. Compared with a traditional cooling device for the compound fertilizer, not only is heat in the compound fertilizer brought away through cold air, but also the temperature of the compound fertilizer is lowered through coordination of the working medium, the cooling efficiency is higher, and the production efficiency of the compound fertilizer is improved.

Description

For the cooling device of composite fertilizer
Technical field
The invention belongs to fertilizer manufacturing device field, particularly relate to a kind of cooling device for composite fertilizer.
Background technology
Fertilizer is the indispensable important material used for agriculture of higher yield of crops stable yields, the production of chemical fertilizer and use for raising crop yield, ensure that national food production and safety have important effect.Because simple substance npk fertilizer uses inconvenient, composite fertilizer has become during current agricultural is produced the raising that the fertilizer type, particularly composite organic-inorganic fertilizer of deeply welcoming by vast farmers are more conducive to high crop yield and soil fertility.
In composite heat transfer process, cooling is one of important step of production process.At present, the composite fertilizer used in industry is mainly cooling device with cooler, cooling device comprises base, motor and cylindrical shell, what cylindrical shell rolled is arranged on base, and be connected with the output of motor, cylindrical shell is in be in tilted layout and its two ends are closed, and cylindrical shell is provided with charging aperture and discharging opening, and discharging opening is provided with valve.During use, starter motor, be sent to cylindrical shell by composite fertilizer to be cooled from cylindrical shell charging aperture, composite fertilizer is stirred in cylindrical shell, meanwhile, pours into cold wind, cool composite fertilizer in cylindrical shell.Finally open valve, cooled composite fertilizer is discharged from discharge nozzle.But, composite fertilizer when cooling and the contact area of cold wind limited, the utilization rate of cold wind is not high, and cooling effectiveness is low, thus causes the production efficiency of composite fertilizer low.
So, be badly in need of composite fertilizer's cooling device that a kind of cooling effectiveness is high.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is at the cooling device for composite fertilizer providing a kind of cooling effect high.
In order to achieve the above object, base case of the present invention is: for the cooling device of composite fertilizer, comprises base and cylindrical shell, described cylindrical shell is provided with charging aperture and discharging opening, and described discharging opening is also provided with valve, and described cylindrical shell is obliquely installed, and charging aperture is positioned at high-end, wherein, also comprise wind wheel, described wind wheel is coaxial with cylindrical shell, and be located in cylindrical shell, described cylindrical shell is fixed on base, and the sidewall of cylindrical shell is provided with blast pipe, and described cold wind can enter cylindrical shell and drive wind wheel to rotate from blast pipe.
Principle and the beneficial effect of this base case are: be sent to cylindrical shell by composite fertilizer to be cooled from cylindrical shell charging aperture, then, pour into cold wind, cool composite fertilizer by blast pipe in cylindrical shell.Meanwhile, cold wind blows wind wheel and rotates, and cold wind is uniformly distributed in cylindrical shell, and wind wheel, when rotating, has good stirring action to the composite fertilizer in cylindrical shell, composite fertilizer fully contacted with cold wind, good cooling results.Compared with traditional composite fertilizer's cooling device, this programme is without the need to using motor, utilize the power of cold wind, promotion wind wheel rotates, the while of making cold wind equally distributed, also make the contact area adding composite fertilizer and cold wind, cooling effect increases greatly, effectively decrease cool time, thus add the production efficiency of composite fertilizer.
Scheme two: based on this, scheme is preferred, also comprises the first motor, described wind wheel is arranged on the first motor, and described blast pipe place is provided with valve.Close blast pipe, from charging aperture, cold wind is passed into cylindrical shell, rotated by the first driven by motor wind wheel.Drive wind wheel relative to cold wind, motor can make wind wheel rotate faster.
Scheme three: this is the preferred of scheme two, also comprises the second motor, described cylindrical shell is arranged on the second motor, and what described cylindrical shell rolled is arranged on base.Second driven by motor barrel body rotation, makes composite fertilizer overturn in cylindrical shell, effectively can increase the contact area of cold wind and composite fertilizer.
Scheme four: this is the preferred of scheme three, and described wind wheel is contrary with the rotation direction of cylindrical shell.If cylindrical shell and wind wheel rotating in same direction, then both relative velocities reduce, and are unfavorable for the upset of composite fertilizer in cylindrical shell.
Scheme five: based on this, scheme or scheme four is preferred, and the angle of inclination of described cylindrical shell is 10-20 °.The angle of inclination of cylindrical shell is excessive, then composite fertilizer is just slipped to rapidly the bottom of cylindrical shell, and cooling effect is bad; If the angle of inclination of cylindrical shell is too small, the speed that composite fertilizer falls into cylinder body bottom is excessively slow again, reduces the efficiency of cooling.Long-term experiment proves, when the angle of inclination of cylindrical shell is 10-20 °, and good cooling results and efficiency is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention for the cooling device embodiment 1 of composite fertilizer;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the present invention for the cooling device embodiment 2 of composite fertilizer.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by detailed description of the invention, the present invention is further detailed explanation:
Reference numeral in Figure of description comprises: cylindrical shell 10, air inlet pipe 11, base 20, wind wheel 30, the second motor 40, first motor 50.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, for the cooling device of composite fertilizer, comprise base 20 and cylindrical shell 10, cylindrical shell 10 is provided with charging aperture and discharging opening, and discharging opening is also provided with valve, and cylindrical shell 10 and ground inclination 15 ° are arranged, and charging aperture is positioned at high-end.In addition, also comprise wind wheel 30, wind wheel 30 and cylindrical shell 10 are coaxially installed, and are positioned at cylindrical shell 10.Cylindrical shell 10 is bolted on base 20, and the sidewall of cylindrical shell 10 is provided with blast pipe 11, and wind wheel 30 can be driven when cold wind enters in cylindrical shell 10 from blast pipe 11 to rotate.
During specific works, composite fertilizer to be cooled is sent to cylindrical shell 10 from cylindrical shell 10 charging aperture, then, in cylindrical shell 10, pours into cold wind by blast pipe 11, composite fertilizer is cooled.Meanwhile, cold wind blows wind wheel 30 and rotates, and cold wind is uniformly distributed in cylindrical shell 10, and wind wheel 30, when rotating, has good stirring action to the composite fertilizer in cylindrical shell, composite fertilizer fully contacted with cold wind, good cooling results.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 2, the difference of this programme and embodiment 1 is: also comprise the first motor 50 and the second motor 40, wind wheel 30 is arranged on the output of the first motor 40, and cylindrical shell 10 is arranged on the output of the second motor 40, and blast pipe 11 place is provided with valve.During specific works, close blast pipe 11, from charging aperture, cold wind is passed into cylindrical shell 10, drive wind wheel 30 to rotate by the first motor 50.Start the second motor 40, drive cylindrical shell 10 to rotate in the opposite direction toward wind wheel 30 turns.Compared with embodiment 1, this programme adopts the first motor 50 and the second motor 40 as power source, makes composite fertilizer overturn more fierce in cylindrical shell 10, more abundant with the contact of cold wind.
Above-described is only embodiments of the invention, and in scheme, the general knowledge such as known concrete structure and characteristic does not do too much description at this.Should be understood that; for a person skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from structure of the present invention, some distortion and improvement can also be made; these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, and these all can not affect effect of the invention process and practical applicability.The protection domain that this application claims should be as the criterion with the content of its claim, and the detailed description of the invention in description etc. record the content that may be used for explaining claim.

Claims (5)

1. for the cooling device of composite fertilizer, comprise base and cylindrical shell, described cylindrical shell is provided with charging aperture and discharging opening, described discharging opening is also provided with valve, described cylindrical shell is obliquely installed, and charging aperture is positioned at high-end, it is characterized in that, also comprise wind wheel, described wind wheel is coaxial with cylindrical shell, and is located in cylindrical shell, and described cylindrical shell is fixed on base, the sidewall of cylindrical shell is provided with blast pipe, and described cold wind can enter cylindrical shell and drive wind wheel to rotate from blast pipe.
2., as claimed in claim 1 for the cooling device of composite fertilizer, it is characterized in that, also comprise the first motor, described wind wheel is arranged on the first motor, and described blast pipe place is provided with valve.
3. as claimed in claim 2 for the cooling device of composite fertilizer, it is characterized in that, also comprise the second motor, described cylindrical shell is arranged on the second motor, and what described cylindrical shell rolled is arranged on base.
4., as claimed in claim 3 for the cooling device of composite fertilizer, it is characterized in that, described wind wheel is contrary with the rotation direction of cylindrical shell.
5. the cooling device for composite fertilizer as described in claim 1 or 4, is characterized in that, the angle of inclination of described cylindrical shell is 10-20 °.
CN201510534366.1A 2015-08-28 2015-08-28 Cooling device used for compound fertilizer Pending CN105091623A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510534366.1A CN105091623A (en) 2015-08-28 2015-08-28 Cooling device used for compound fertilizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510534366.1A CN105091623A (en) 2015-08-28 2015-08-28 Cooling device used for compound fertilizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105091623A true CN105091623A (en) 2015-11-25

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510534366.1A Pending CN105091623A (en) 2015-08-28 2015-08-28 Cooling device used for compound fertilizer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105091623A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106197067A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 天津市施易得肥料有限公司 A kind of compound fertilizer production cooling cylinder
CN107036433A (en) * 2017-06-05 2017-08-11 合肥云科新材料有限公司 A kind of drying device of nano material
CN110319687A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-10-11 孙红龙 A kind of anti-wall built-up cooler of organic fertilizer roller
CN110986602A (en) * 2019-12-21 2020-04-10 深圳东忠窑炉有限公司 Cooling device of high-temperature sintering kiln

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106197067A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 天津市施易得肥料有限公司 A kind of compound fertilizer production cooling cylinder
CN107036433A (en) * 2017-06-05 2017-08-11 合肥云科新材料有限公司 A kind of drying device of nano material
CN110319687A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-10-11 孙红龙 A kind of anti-wall built-up cooler of organic fertilizer roller
CN110986602A (en) * 2019-12-21 2020-04-10 深圳东忠窑炉有限公司 Cooling device of high-temperature sintering kiln

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20151125