CN105021060A - Natural convection cooling tower type air cooling system - Google Patents

Natural convection cooling tower type air cooling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105021060A
CN105021060A CN201410158275.8A CN201410158275A CN105021060A CN 105021060 A CN105021060 A CN 105021060A CN 201410158275 A CN201410158275 A CN 201410158275A CN 105021060 A CN105021060 A CN 105021060A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
free convection
tower body
communicated
cooling system
air cooling
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410158275.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋小明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Yuhuantong High Science Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Beijing Yuhuantong High Science Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Yuhuantong High Science Co Ltd filed Critical Beijing Yuhuantong High Science Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410158275.8A priority Critical patent/CN105021060A/en
Publication of CN105021060A publication Critical patent/CN105021060A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a natural convection cooling tower type air cooling system. The system comprises a natural convection tower body. Multiple sets of heat exchangers and a supporting structure are arranged in the tower body. The heat exchangers comprise multiple communicated tube bundle boxes. Each tube bundle box comprises multiple sets of finned tubular tube bundles. The tube bundles are composed of tubular finned tubes. Rolled spiral fins are combined to the outer side walls of the finned tubes. An input joint of the communicated tube bundle boxes is communicated with a water inflow pipeline of the tower body. A water outlet is communicated with a water outflow tube opening of the tower body. The natural convection cooling tower type air cooling system has the beneficial effects that the convection effect is generated inside and outside the natural convection cooling tower through air, air in the tower exchanges heat through the surfaces of the metal composite rolled spiral fins, natural convection air is adopted for heat exchange to enhance heat exchange efficiency, and meanwhile, energy and water resource waste is reduced.

Description

A kind of free convection cooling tower air cooling system
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of heat exchange, refer more particularly to a kind of free convection cooling tower air cooling system.
Background technology
Human society produce and life natural environment in, power conversion mode removes wind energy and water can be directly directly utilize conversion with the form of mechanical energy, the energy obtained by this way accounts for a whole human society part little to energy requirement, and most 95% energy acquisition is the power conversion that fossil energy is carried out in the mode of " heat engine ", the power conversion of this mode just needs " heat exchange ".Start to nowadays from industrialization, " heat exchange " theoretical value efficiency is 50-60%, and practical application " heat exchange " efficiency is very low, fire coal, fuel oil and gas fired-boiler energy conversion efficiency are 2-7%, internal combustion energy conversion efficiency 10-15%, electrical energy conversion efficiency 25-30%, the result that energy conversion efficiency is low is that the energy and the wasting of resources are very serious.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of free convection cooling tower air cooling system, to solve the above-mentioned deficiency of prior art.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
The invention provides a kind of free convection cooling tower air cooling system, this system comprises free convection tower body, is provided with multi-group heat exchanger and supporting mechanism in described free convection tower body, and described multi-group heat exchanger comprises the tube bank case of multiple connection; Wherein, each tube bank case is the tube bank of many group fin tubuloses, and the tube bank of fin tubulose comprises tubulose finned tube, the lateral wall of tubulose finned tube is compounded with rolling radiating fin; The input interface of the tube bank case of multiple connection is communicated with the inlet channel of free convection tower body, and delivery port is communicated with the effluent pipe mouth of free convection tower body.
Preferably, the bracing frame being arranged on heat exchanger in described free convection tower body is also comprised.
Preferably, also comprise and being arranged in described free convection tower body for supporting the pillar of the heat exchanger of described multiple connection.
Preferably, described radiating fin is spiral heat dissipation fin.
Preferably, union and flange UNICOM is passed through between described tube bank case.
Preferably, described radiating fin appearance forms large-area radiating surface.
Preferably, also comprise steam generator, condenser that steam turbine is communicated with described steam turbine, the heat exchanger tube of described condenser is communicated with free convection tower body and carries out heat exchange.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: air forms convection effect inside and outside free convection cooling tower, in tower, air carries out heat exchange by metal composite rolling Spiral Fin Surface, adopt free convection air heat-exchange to enhance heat exchange efficiency, decrease the waste of the energy and water resource simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
With reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is described in further detail below.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the free convection cooling tower described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the free convection cooling tower air cooling system described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the fin tubulose tube bank described in the embodiment of the present invention.
In figure:
1, supporting mechanism; 2, free convection tower body; 3, bracing frame; 4, pillar; 5, case is restrained; 6, water tank is connected; 7, inlet channel; 8, spray cleaning system; 9, condense pump; 10, boiler group; 11, steam turbine; 12, condenser; 13, circulating pump; 14, tubulose finned tube; 15, radiating fin.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of free convection cooling tower air cooling system described in the embodiment of the present invention, this system comprises free convection tower body 2, arranges multi-group heat exchanger and supporting mechanism 1 in described free convection tower body 2, and described multi-group heat exchanger comprises the tube bank case 5 of multiple connection; Wherein, each tube bank case 5 is the tube bank of many group fin tubuloses, and the tube bank of fin tubulose comprises tubulose finned tube, the lateral wall of tubulose finned tube is compounded with rolling radiating fin; The input interface of the tube bank case 5 of multiple connection is communicated with the inlet channel 7 of free convection tower body 2, and delivery port is communicated with the effluent pipe mouth of free convection tower body 2.
Preferably, this free convection cooling tower air cooling system also comprises the bracing frame 3 be arranged on below described free convection tower body 2, and be arranged in described free convection tower body 2 for supporting the pillar 4 of the tube bank case 5 of described multiple connection, this pillar 4 is connected with bracing frame 3, and bracing frame 3 supports above-mentioned water tank group.
Concrete, described radiating fin is spiral heat dissipation fin, for heat radiation, is communicated with between described tube bank case 5 by connecting water tank 6.
The cooling tower that the present embodiment provides decreases the waste of the energy by air heat-exchange, simultaneously by adopting fin to carry out heat exchange, increases heat exchange efficiency.Concrete:
The inlet channel 7 of each free convection tower body 2 and outlet pipe arrange stop valve and discharging valve.When certain free convection tower body 2 needs out of service or stoppage in transit maintenance, this section of inlet/outlet valve can be cut off, open discharging valve, the water of cooling tower be put into underground water storage tank, and does not affect the normal operation of other cooling section.
Recirculated water Inlet and outlet water house steward is radially laid in free convection tower body 2 subsurface, and every section of Inlet and outlet water vertical tube is connected with house steward respectively.To under platform on vertical tube, change into horizontal annular arm and be connected with each cooling triangle water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe.Each section of inlet/outlet valve and discharging valve are arranged in ground valve indoor.Respectively establish an expansion tank at outfall sewer two ends higher than cooling triangle top, change the use of system volume change and the micro-moisturizing caused in order to regulate circulating water temperature.
In free convection tower body 2 underground, storage cistern is set, with circulating cooling buffering and winter cooling section stop transport antifreeze and maintenance stoppage in transit emptying water storage.Establish between water storage tank between a underground type pump working, inside establish charging pump, small pump, underground water storage tank Level monitor etc.
Spray cleaning system 8: after heat transmission equipment group runs several years in cooling tower, for preventing heat transmission equipment group surface dirt from affecting heat exchange efficiency, arranges spray cleaning system 8, and spray cleaning system 8 is divided into Multi-layer sprinkling to clean loop.Fill spray cleaning system 8 to be made up of compression pump, cleaning liquid bath, pressure-regulating valve, spray head and pipe-line system.
Triangle heat transmission equipment group almost horizontal in free convection tower body 2 is arranged, the architecture arrangement supporting heat transmission equipment group arranges pillar 4 along the heat transmission equipment installation direction of tower, and all pillars 4 are one-mast support.In order to reduce the computational length of pillar 4 and increase its stability, can by pillar 4 top and tower shell drawknot; Pillar 4 is circumferentially equipped with roof beam structure, make pillar 4 in tower, form the distribution of star dress, and radial direction is connected, and so just forms space-load member structure to cool triangle.
Air cooling heat transmission equipment is selected the tube bank case 5 of seamless steel tubes for liquid service and fluid conveying stainless-steel seamless pipe composite helical fin to close and is formed, and each tube bank case 5 is staggered in arrangement, double-flow two comb layout pattern, each flow process one comb.Form a fin tubulose by some radiating fins and tubulose finned tube to restrain, two ends are established and are connected water tank, and as shown in Figure 3, wherein, described radiating fin appearance forms large-area radiating surface.The tube bank of fin tubulose is long to be set according to actual needs, and two tube bank casees are with about 60.Angle forms the two sides of a cooling triangle, and another side arranges the shutter regulating intake.Fin is wherein the desirable 65-85 millimeter of metal composite helical fin pipe diameter, a fin pitch of fins (within comprising combinational gap 2-8 millimeter), the desirable 6 meters of-∞ (according to length of material) of pipe range, internal lining pipe and aluminum pipe should have 15-30 millimeter (left and right two ends respectively reserve 10 millimeters, 15 millimeters) per-interface space.Its aluminum pipe internal diameter should with liner circular hole major diameter fit, leave the fit tolerance of 0.3 millimeter, expand tube amount of the rolling general control of metal composite helical fin pipe, within the scope of 0.15-0.3 millimeter, to make both contacts closely, ensures that heat transfer coefficient is good.
Above metal composite helical fin pipe characteristic is with rational heat transfer temperature difference (optimal values needs further investigation).Equidistant helical fin fully meets the requirement of augmentation of heat transfer, ensures that thermal current is unimpeded and resistance to heat is minimum.
As shown in Figure 2, the free convection cooling tower air cooling system of the embodiment of the present invention also comprises boiler group 10, be arranged on the steam turbine 11 on described boiler group 10 outlet conduit, the condenser 12 be communicated with described steam turbine 11, the heat exchanger tube of described condenser 12 is communicated with the free convection tower body 2 described in above-mentioned any one.
Cycle fluid enters the water side of surface-type condensing equipment by board-like or fin tube type surface heat exchanging, exchange the exhaust steam that cooling steam turbine enters the vapour side of condensing equipment, cycle fluid after being heated delivers to air cooling compressor by water circulating pump, surface heat exchanging is carried out by air cooling heat exchange group and air, cycle fluid is returned condenser 12 again and goes to cool steam turbine 11 after Air flow, thus constitute sealing and circulating air cooling system.The conveniently efficiency of heat exchange, condenser 12 with the connecting line of cooling tower is provided with circulating pump 13, accelerates the flowing velocity of gas.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms; anyone can draw other various forms of products under enlightenment of the present invention; no matter but any change is done in its shape or structure; every have identical with the application or akin technical scheme, all drops within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a free convection cooling tower air cooling system, it is characterized in that: this system comprises free convection tower body, be provided with multi-group heat exchanger and supporting mechanism in described free convection tower body, described multi-group heat exchanger comprises the tube bank case of multiple connection; Wherein, each tube bank case is the tube bank of many group fin tubuloses, and the tube bank of fin tubulose comprises tubulose finned tube, the lateral wall of tubulose finned tube is compounded with rolling radiating fin; The input interface of the tube bank case of multiple connection is communicated with the inlet channel of free convection tower body, and delivery port is communicated with the effluent pipe mouth of free convection tower body.
2. free convection cooling tower air cooling system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprise the bracing frame being arranged on heat exchanger in described free convection tower body.
3. free convection cooling tower air cooling system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprise and being arranged in described free convection tower body for supporting the pillar of the heat exchanger of described multiple connection.
4. free convection cooling tower air cooling system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described radiating fin is spiral heat dissipation fin.
5. free convection cooling tower air cooling system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, by union and flange UNICOM between described tube bank case.
6. free convection cooling tower air cooling system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described radiating fin appearance forms large-area radiating surface.
7. free convection according to claim 1 cooling tower air cooling system, is characterized in that, also comprise steam generator, condenser that steam turbine is communicated with described steam turbine, and the heat exchanger tube of described condenser is communicated with free convection tower body.
CN201410158275.8A 2014-04-21 2014-04-21 Natural convection cooling tower type air cooling system Pending CN105021060A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410158275.8A CN105021060A (en) 2014-04-21 2014-04-21 Natural convection cooling tower type air cooling system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410158275.8A CN105021060A (en) 2014-04-21 2014-04-21 Natural convection cooling tower type air cooling system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105021060A true CN105021060A (en) 2015-11-04

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106766995A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 天津市布加迪环保科技发展有限公司 A kind of heat pipe bundled tube cooling device
CN112683077A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-04-20 山西德望节能科技有限公司 Energy-saving natural convection air cooling tower
CN112683077B (en) * 2020-12-25 2022-10-25 山西德望节能科技有限公司 Energy-saving natural convection air cooling tower

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1553047A (en) * 2003-06-05 2004-12-08 李树生 Dead steam recovering apparatus of steam turbine
CN201106995Y (en) * 2007-10-12 2008-08-27 杨建军 Closed type cooler
CN201266041Y (en) * 2008-08-01 2009-07-01 潘传洪 Inlaid bi-metal rolling high-efficiency finned tube for air cooler
CN102557176A (en) * 2012-02-07 2012-07-11 绍兴文理学院 Sea water desalinating device of cooling tower of coastal and island thermal power plants
CN202532586U (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-11-14 北京华茂环能科技有限公司 System for improving waste heat efficiency of heat pump recovery plant cooling tower
CN102914176A (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-02-06 涿州市朗博科机械制造有限公司 Surface evaporation type cooling device adopting single-row finned pipes
CN202836308U (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-03-27 涿州市朗博科机械制造有限公司 Low fin tube and evaporation-cooled device adopting the same
CN203824368U (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-09-10 北京宇环通高科技有限公司 Natural convection cooling tower-shaped air cooling system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1553047A (en) * 2003-06-05 2004-12-08 李树生 Dead steam recovering apparatus of steam turbine
CN201106995Y (en) * 2007-10-12 2008-08-27 杨建军 Closed type cooler
CN201266041Y (en) * 2008-08-01 2009-07-01 潘传洪 Inlaid bi-metal rolling high-efficiency finned tube for air cooler
CN102557176A (en) * 2012-02-07 2012-07-11 绍兴文理学院 Sea water desalinating device of cooling tower of coastal and island thermal power plants
CN202532586U (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-11-14 北京华茂环能科技有限公司 System for improving waste heat efficiency of heat pump recovery plant cooling tower
CN102914176A (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-02-06 涿州市朗博科机械制造有限公司 Surface evaporation type cooling device adopting single-row finned pipes
CN202836308U (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-03-27 涿州市朗博科机械制造有限公司 Low fin tube and evaporation-cooled device adopting the same
CN203824368U (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-09-10 北京宇环通高科技有限公司 Natural convection cooling tower-shaped air cooling system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106766995A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 天津市布加迪环保科技发展有限公司 A kind of heat pipe bundled tube cooling device
CN112683077A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-04-20 山西德望节能科技有限公司 Energy-saving natural convection air cooling tower
CN112683077B (en) * 2020-12-25 2022-10-25 山西德望节能科技有限公司 Energy-saving natural convection air cooling tower

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Application publication date: 20151104

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