CN105019132B - A kind of two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom - Google Patents

A kind of two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105019132B
CN105019132B CN201510430766.8A CN201510430766A CN105019132B CN 105019132 B CN105019132 B CN 105019132B CN 201510430766 A CN201510430766 A CN 201510430766A CN 105019132 B CN105019132 B CN 105019132B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
needle
bar
shaft
chain
roller
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CN201510430766.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105019132A (en
Inventor
杨昆
于保康
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天津工业大学
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of lopping knitting mechanism of warp knit small sample loom and drawing spooler, the warp knit small sample loom, the small sample loom device mainly includes:Mechanism fixer, looping mechanism device, transmission device, guide bar shogging device and drawing and winding device.The two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom of the present invention can be used in the lab, meet the exploitation requirement of novel fabric, and the movement of knitting needle in needle-bar is more effectively controlled using stepper motor, and convenient braiding puies forward high weaving speed.

Description

A kind of two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of miniaturization textile machine for simulating textile machine motion, more particularly to a kind of two-needle bar Warp knit small sample loom.
Background technology
Tricot machine mechanism generally comprises guide bar shogging mechanism, knitting needle lopping motion, knocking over needle movement mechanism, sinker Motion, let-off mechanism, drawing spooler.For different fabrics, knitting needle lopping athletic performance and each motion it Between cooperation it is different.Existing tricot machine is applied in the big production of factory, it is few can for research and development new organization and The machine of design.
At present, Wang Zhanhong is invented《Test bed for circular movement of tricot machine》, application publication number is CN102023089A, is announced Day it is on 04 20th, 2011, the invention device includes wallboard, transmission device (main shaft and drive device), and linkage is fixed Device, looping mechanism fixing device.Scale is marked with lopping lead rail axis, pinpoints the problems and design result time update can be carried Rotated in high design efficiency, rate of reducing the number of rejects and seconds, device using servomotor drive shaft.
Looping device includes guide bar shogging device, needle motion device on needle-bar, before on small-sized manual woven Machine uses single needle bed, and rack-and-pinion controls the mechanism that knitting needle moves up and down manually.(such as patent document 2: CN201420688379.5)
Pulling spooler is smoothed out for the production of tricot machine, and machine, which weaves the fabric come, must leave volume at once Area is knitted, to be conducive to new coil to be formed.Common drawing spooler all uses temple or stull pipe, pressure roller, drawing Rod, belt stretcher, realize that the drawing of fabric batches function (such as patent by constantly adjusting Tensity size during batching Document 5:DE199904587.8;Patent document 6:DE202247237U;Patent document 7:CN2033400U).Simultaneously can also be Be provided with electrostatic layer on drawing rod, the quality that fine hair sludge ice improves fabric adsorbed by electrostatic layer, the electrostatic layer be by it is concavo-convex not The flat structure composition and opposite polarity carried above is conducive to (such as patent document 8 of the absorption to floating dust thing: CN203625614U)。
Some above-mentioned inventions tricot machine further perfect to tricot machine and above-mentioned is all largely by motor, electricity Brain controls and is useful in the tricot machine that traditional mode of production is used mostly.Do not have also at present for small-sized tricot machine used in laboratory There is two-needle bar.
The content of the invention
For above-mentioned problem, two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom of the invention can be used in the lab, and can It is convenient that fabric is designed and modification is made in time to meet the exploitation and trial-production to novel fabric, overcome prior art The defect that can be just pinpointed the problems after view picture fabric knitting is come out is needed, design efficiency is improved, reduces production cost, is met The requirement of Various Tissues braiding.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention uses such a two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom device, the device bag Include:
Two-needle bar looping mechanism device includes preceding needle-bar plate, and rear needle-bar plate, two needle-bar plates are fixedly connected on integral-rack On;Preceding needle-bar the first needle-bar cover plate is fixedly connected with preceding needle-bar the second needle-bar cover plate by the first rack, the second rack;Needle-bar afterwards First needle-bar cover plate is fixedly connected with rear needle-bar the second needle-bar cover plate by the 3rd rack, the 4th rack;
Chain-type belt drive unit includes the first driving shaft, the first drive shaft, the first belt pulley, the second belt pulley, the One chain-type belt, the two ends of first drive shaft are rotated with the frame plate respectively to be linked;First driving shaft Two ends rotate with the frame plate link respectively;The external stepper motor of first driving shaft;
Chain-type belt drive unit includes the second driving shaft, the second drive shaft, the 3rd belt pulley, the 4th belt pulley, the Two chain-type belts, the two ends of second drive shaft are rotated with the frame plate respectively to be linked;Second driving shaft Two ends rotate with the frame plate link respectively;The external stepper motor of second driving shaft;
Roller device includes front roller and rear roller, and first connecting shaft at front roller two ends, the second connecting shaft are respectively at wall Plate rotates connection;The external stepper motor of front roller;3rd connecting shaft, the 4th connecting shaft at rear roller two ends are rotated respectively at wallboard Connection;The external stepper motor of rear roller;
Drawing and winding device includes cloth beam, and the 5th connecting shaft, the 6th connecting shaft at cloth beam two ends turn with wallboard respectively Dynamic connection;
In the present invention, two transmission main shafts of the chain-type belt drive unit are driven by a stepper motor, are led to The setting to stepper motor is crossed to control the rotation of main shaft;Pitch wheel rack is driven by the rotation of main shaft again, and then Knitting needle is controlled to move up and down.
As the improvement of the present invention, the spacing between described two-needle bar can be according to institute's braided fabric in assembling Requirement modify.
In the present invention, between two rollers in described drawing and winding device distance can according to braided fabric thickness and Requirement to its tension force is configured.
In the present invention, two roller velocities of rotation in the drawing and winding device are by stepper motor according to braiding speed Speed is adjusted control.
In the present invention, the batching roller arrangement two ends are connected with wallboard using damping rotary, are rotated to a direction, so that Increase the tension force of cloth, contribute to top smoothly braiding.
Brief description of the drawings
The embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is a kind of front view of two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of side view of two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the front view of two-needle bar partial enlargement in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a kind of needle-bar side enlarged drawing of two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom of the invention.
Fig. 5 is a kind of schematic perspective view of two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom of the invention.
Embodiment
Referring to a kind of warp knit small sample loom device shown in Fig. 1 to 5, it includes:The two-needle bar looping mechanism device 2 is wrapped Needle-bar plate 2-2 before including, rear needle-bar plate 2-1, two needle-bar plates are fixedly connected on integral-rack 1;Preceding the first needle-bar of needle-bar cover plate 8-1 is fixedly connected with preceding needle-bar the second needle-bar cover plate 8-2 by the first rack 5-1, the second rack 5-2;The needle-bar of needle-bar first afterwards Cover plate 9-1 is fixedly connected with rear needle-bar the second needle-bar cover plate 9-2 by the 3rd rack 5-3, the 4th rack 5-4;
The chain-type belt drive unit 3 includes the first driving shaft 3-4, the first drive shaft 3-1, the first belt pulley 3-2, Second belt pulley 3-5, the first chain-type belt 3-3, the first drive shaft 3-1 two ends are rotated with the frame plate respectively Connection;The two ends of the first driving shaft 3-4 rotate with the frame plate be connected respectively;First driving shaft 3-4 and first drives The first chain-type belt 3-3 connections, the first external stepper motors of driving shaft 3-4 are used between moving axis 3-1;
The chain-type belt drive unit 7 includes the second driving shaft 7-4, the second drive shaft 7-1, the 3rd belt pulley 7-2, 4th belt pulley 7-5, the second chain-type belt 7-3, the second drive shaft 7-1 two ends are rotated with the frame plate respectively Link;The two ends of the second driving shaft 7-4 rotate with the frame plate link respectively;Second driving shaft 7-4 and second drives The second chain-type belt 7-3 connections, the second external stepper motors of driving shaft 7-4 are used between moving axis 7-1;
The roller device 4 includes front roller 4-2 and rear roller 4-4, the first connecting shaft 4-1 at front roller 4-2 two ends, the Two connecting shaft 4-3 are rotated with wallboard be connected respectively;The external stepper motors of front roller 4-2;3rd connecting shaft at rear roller 4-4 two ends 4-5, the 4th connecting shaft 4-6 are rotated with wallboard be connected respectively;The external stepper motors of rear roller 4-4;
The drawing and winding device 6 includes cloth beam 6-2, the 5th connecting shaft 6-1 at cloth beam 6-2 two ends, the 6th connection Axle 6-3 is rotated with wallboard be connected respectively;
Chain-type belt drive unit 3 and chain-type belt drive unit 7 more precise control of the present invention is rotated The motion for the needle-bar cover plate 8 that angle and then control rack and pinion drive 5 are driven so that knitting needle is moved up and down on request.
The present invention is by trying out, and the two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom device changes on the basis of original hand tricot machine The motion mode of driving shaft is entered, the transmission of chain-type belt has been controlled using stepper motor arrangement so that the rise and fall of knitting needle More controllable and accurate, experimenter only needs to concern and the motion of guide bar shogging device.Can so as to increase experiment Operability and convenience.
Drawing and winding device of the present invention, by the interaction between two rollers to fabric, along with batching Roller can more effectively promote the braiding of fabric to the traction action of fabric.
The embodiment to the present invention is described above.It is to be appreciated that the invention is not limited in upper Specific embodiment is stated, those skilled in the art can make various modifications or modification within the scope of the claims, this Have no effect on the essentiality content of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom, including knitting mechanism, roller device and drawing and winding device, knitting mechanism include Two-needle bar looping mechanism device, guide bar shogging device, rear chain formula belt drive unit, preceding chain-type belt drive unit, its It is characterised by:
The two-needle bar looping mechanism device (2) includes preceding needle-bar plate (2-2), and rear needle-bar plate (2-1), two needle-bar plates fix company It is connected on integral-rack (1);Preceding the first needle-bar of needle-bar cover plate (8-1) passes through the first tooth with preceding the second needle-bar of needle-bar cover plate (8-2) Bar (5-1), the second rack (5-2) are fixedly connected;The first needle-bar of needle-bar cover plate (9-1) and rear needle-bar the second needle-bar cover plate (9- afterwards 2) it is fixedly connected by the 3rd rack (5-3), the 4th rack (5-4);
The rear chain formula belt drive unit (3) includes the first driving shaft (3-4), the first drive shaft (3-1), the first belt pulley (3-2), the second belt pulley (3-5), the first chain-type belt (3-3), the two ends of first drive shaft (3-1) respectively with frame Wallboard rotates connection;The two ends of first driving shaft (3-4) rotate with the frame plate be connected respectively;First driving shaft It is connected between (3-4) and the first drive shaft (3-1) using the first chain-type belt (3-3), the first driving shaft (3-4) external stepping Motor;
The preceding chain-type belt drive unit (7) includes the second driving shaft (7-4), the second drive shaft (7-1), the 3rd belt pulley (7-2), the 4th belt pulley (7-5), the second chain-type belt (7-3), the two ends of second drive shaft (7-1) respectively with it is described Frame plate rotates connection;The two ends of second driving shaft (7-4) rotate with the frame plate be connected respectively;Second actively It is connected between axle (7-4) and the second drive shaft (7-1) using the second chain-type belt (7-3), the second driving shaft (7-4) external step Stepper motor;
The roller device (4) includes front roller (4-2) and rear roller (4-4), first connecting shaft at front roller (4-2) two ends (4-1), the second connecting shaft (4-3) rotate with wallboard be connected respectively;Front roller (4-2) external stepper motor;Rear roller (4-4) two 3rd connecting shaft (4-5), the 4th connecting shaft (4-6) at end rotate with wallboard be connected respectively;The external stepping electricity of rear roller (4-4) Machine;
The drawing and winding device (6) includes cloth beam (6-2), the 5th connecting shaft (6-1) at cloth beam (6-2) two ends, the 6th Connecting shaft (6-3) rotates with wallboard be connected respectively;
The preceding needle-bar plate (2-2) of the two-needle bar looping mechanism device (2), rear needle-bar plate (2-1) are fixedly connected with frame two ends.
2. warp knit small sample loom according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The preceding chain-type belt drive unit (7) In the second drive shaft (7-1) two ends respectively with the frame plate rotate be connected;The two ends of second driving shaft (7-4) point Do not rotate and be connected with the frame plate;Second driving shaft (7-4) external stepper motor.
3. warp knit small sample loom according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The rear chain formula belt drive unit (3) It is fixedly connected by the first drive shaft (3-1) with rack and pinion drive (5).
4. warp knit small sample loom according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The two-needle bar looping mechanism device (2) Distance can be adjusted according to actual requirement and installed between preceding needle-bar plate (2-2), rear needle-bar plate (2-1).
5. warp knit small sample loom according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The preceding chain-type belt drive unit (7) Stepper motor is connected as requested with the rear chain formula belt drive unit (3), and preceding needle-bar cover plate (8) and rear pin are controlled respectively Bed lid plate is moved up and down.
6. warp knit small sample loom according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Second connecting shaft of the roller device (4) (4-3), the 4th connecting shaft (4-6) are rotated by step motor control;Velocity of rotation is configured according to braiding actual conditions.
CN201510430766.8A 2015-07-17 2015-07-17 A kind of two-needle bar warp knit small sample loom CN105019132B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19615671C2 (en) * 1996-04-19 2001-10-18 Liba Maschf Device for producing warp knitted fabrics with two independent knitting areas
CN102023089A (en) * 2010-09-28 2011-04-20 王占洪 Test bed for circular movement of tricot machine
CN104452076A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-03-25 天津工业大学 Warp-knitting hand sample loom
CN204370136U (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-06-03 天津工业大学 A kind of through compiling small model machine
CN204455486U (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-07-08 福建省晋江市佶龙机械工业有限公司 A kind of two-shipper warp knitting machine
CN104818573A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-08-05 浙江省长兴丝绸有限公司 Simulated operating platform for warp knitting machine
CN205223541U (en) * 2015-07-17 2016-05-11 天津工业大学 Double needle bar warp knitting galley proof loom

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004324020A (en) * 2003-04-25 2004-11-18 Nippon Mayer Ltd Method and machine for producing modified cross section three dimensional warp knit fabric and modified cross section three-dimensional warp knit fabric

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19615671C2 (en) * 1996-04-19 2001-10-18 Liba Maschf Device for producing warp knitted fabrics with two independent knitting areas
CN102023089A (en) * 2010-09-28 2011-04-20 王占洪 Test bed for circular movement of tricot machine
CN104452076A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-03-25 天津工业大学 Warp-knitting hand sample loom
CN204370136U (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-06-03 天津工业大学 A kind of through compiling small model machine
CN204455486U (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-07-08 福建省晋江市佶龙机械工业有限公司 A kind of two-shipper warp knitting machine
CN104818573A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-08-05 浙江省长兴丝绸有限公司 Simulated operating platform for warp knitting machine
CN205223541U (en) * 2015-07-17 2016-05-11 天津工业大学 Double needle bar warp knitting galley proof loom

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