CN105000698A - Reverse osmosis water purification and dispensing machine structure and energy saving method therefor - Google Patents

Reverse osmosis water purification and dispensing machine structure and energy saving method therefor Download PDF

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CN105000698A
CN105000698A CN 201510407568 CN201510407568A CN105000698A CN 105000698 A CN105000698 A CN 105000698A CN 201510407568 CN201510407568 CN 201510407568 CN 201510407568 A CN201510407568 A CN 201510407568A CN 105000698 A CN105000698 A CN 105000698A
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reverse osmosis
water
osmosis membrane
min
outlet
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CN 201510407568
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江涛
沈选举
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沁园集团股份有限公司
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a reverse osmosis water purification and dispensing machine structure and an energy saving method therefor. An inlet of a self-priming booster pump is connected to an external water source, an outlet of the self-priming booster pump is connected to an inlet of a prefiltering system, and an outlet of the prefiltering system is connected to an inlet of a reverse osmosis membrane; a water outlet end of the reverse osmosis membrane further comprises a purified water outlet and a concentrated water outlet, and purified water accesses a user for use by the purified water outlet. According to the present invention, under conditions of a designed temperature, pressure and the like, the produced purified water is good in water quality, thereby greatly improving the recovery rate of a water purification system; it is ensured that states of the waterway such as the operating pressure is maintained at conditions such as the design pressure, thereby greatly reducing the electrical energy consumption; the concentrated water formed on the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane can be discharged in time when the booster pump performs replenishment for the next time, thereby ensuring the freshness of water entering by the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane, and greatly prolonging the service life of the reverse osmosis membrane; and after operating for every certain period of time M min, Ns flushing is performed, with an intention of washing the reverse osmosis membrane, thereby further prolonging the service life of the reverse osmosis membrane.

Description

一种反渗透净饮机结构及其节能方法 One kind of a reverse osmosis net drink machine structure and method of energy

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种饮用水深度处理技术领域,尤其涉及一种反渗透净饮机结构及其节能方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the technical field of drinking water depth treatment, particularly to a structure and a net drink machine power saving method of reverse osmosis.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 反渗透技术是一种高效的膜分离技术,具有水质好、耗能低、无污染、工艺简单、操作简便,其工艺先进、技术可靠、高效节能、简便易行、投资省、运行费用低,能够有效地去除水中的溶解盐类、胶体、微生物、有机物、细菌杂质、重金属及其它有害物质等,健康效益显著,可实现自来水健康直饮。 [0002] Reverse osmosis technology is a highly efficient membrane separation technology, has good water quality, low energy consumption, pollution-free, simple process, easy to operate, its advanced technology, the technology is reliable, energy efficient, simple, low investment, running low cost, can effectively remove dissolved salts, colloids, microorganisms, organic matter, bacteria impurities, heavy metals and other harmful substances, significant health benefits, may be implemented water health drink straight. 适用于自来水净化、纯水制备、超纯水制备及海水淡化等,处理后的水可直接回用或排入景观水体、水库、河流或湖泊中。 Used in water purification, preparation of pure water, ultra-pure water and desalination, the treated water can be directly reused or discharged landscape water, reservoirs, rivers or lakes. 基于以上优点,反渗透技术越来越受到人们的重视,在各国已经得到普遍的推广应用。 Based on the above advantages of reverse osmosis technology more and more attention has been paid in the various countries has been widely popularized.

[0003] 我国幅员辽阔,各地区水质不尽相同,现有市场反渗透净饮机净浓比(净浓比指同一时间段制得的净水量与浓水量之比,下同)约1:3〜1:5,随着反渗透净饮机的应用普及,反渗透浓水的直接外排大大浪费了水资源。 [0003] a vast territory, regional water quality varies, the conventional reverse osmosis net drink machine market richer than Jing (Jing Jing concentration ratio means the ratio of the amount of water obtained in the same period with concentrated water, the same applies hereinafter) of about 1 : 3~1: 5, with the application of reverse osmosis to drain directly outside popular drink machine, reverse osmosis water is greatly concentrated waste water. 因此,研究一种高净浓比、高系统回收率的水路配置节能方法有着重要的现实意义。 Therefore, Study of a high net concentration ratio and high recovery water system configuration saving method has important practical significance. 以下是我国现有家用、商用净水市场的主要水路匹配的举例: The following are China's current household, commercial water purification market, for example the main waterway of the match:

[0004] (I) 50G增压栗,配用50G反渗透膜和300〜420cc废水比; [0004] (I) 50G pressurized Li, equipped with a reverse osmosis membrane and 50G 300~420cc wastewater ratio;

[0005] (2) 75G增压栗,配用75G反渗透膜和550〜600cc废水比; [0005] (2) 75G pressurized Li, equipped with a reverse osmosis membrane and 75G 550~600cc wastewater ratio;

[0006] (3) 100G增压栗,配用100G反渗透膜和700〜800cc废水比。 [0006] (3) 100G pressurized Li, with a reverse osmosis membrane and 100G 700~800cc than with the wastewater.

[0007] 从以上例子不难发现,现有家用、商用净水市场是多少加仑的反渗透膜匹配同样加仑的栗和适当的废水比,使得净浓比约1:3〜1:5,从而保证了反渗透膜的寿命。 [0007] From the above examples is not difficult to find, conventional household, commercial water purification market gallons matching the same reverse osmosis membrane gallon wastewater than Li and appropriate, so that the net concentration ratio of about 1: 3~1: 5 to to ensure the life of the reverse osmosis membrane. 分析发现,其保证反渗透膜寿命的同时耗能较大,主要表现在水资源的浪费,具体如下:净浓比约1:3〜1: 5,浓水直接排入下水道大大浪费了水资源。 Analysis showed that the life of reverse osmosis membrane at the same time to ensure that large energy consumption, mainly in the waste water, as follows: Net concentration ratio of about 1: 3~1: 5, concentrated sewer water directly into the waste water is greatly .

[0008] 为了降低浓水量,很多单位采用多少加仑的反渗透膜匹配同样加仑的栗和小的废水比,使得浓水量尽可能少,从而提高了净水系统回收率。 [0008] In order to reduce the concentration of water, wastewater many units than the number of gallons of matching the same reverse osmosis membrane and a small chestnut gallons employed, so that concentrate flows as little as possible, thereby improving the water purification system recovery. 分析发现,其提高净水系统回收率的同时耗能较大,主要表现在电能的消耗和反渗透膜的寿命减小,具体如下: Analysis found that the water purification system to improve the recovery of the large energy consumption at the same time, mainly in the lifetime consumption of electrical energy and a reverse osmosis membrane is reduced, as follows:

[0009] 以“200G反渗透膜匹配200G栗和600cc废水比”为例进行说明,在设计温度、压力等条件下,200G反渗透膜制备净水流速约525ml/min(每分钟毫升量,下同),200G栗供水流速约1600〜1900ml/min,800cc废水比排浓水流速约800〜1000ml/min,剩下100〜600ml/min供水由于不能排除在管路形成水压,致使水路压力增大,压力增大水栗工作电流增大,因此电能消耗增大;水路压力增大,净水流速增大,反渗透膜表面盐度增大,脱盐率减低,净水盐度增大,反渗透膜寿命减小。 [0009] In "Li 200G and 200G a reverse osmosis membrane 600cc wastewater matching ratio" as an example, at the design temperature, pressure, etc., 200G a reverse osmosis membrane prepared purification rate of about 525ml / min (milliliters per minute, the the same), the water flow rate of about 200G Li 1600~1900ml / min, 800cc discharge of concentrated waste water flow than about 800~1000ml / min, the rest 100~600ml / min water formed due to the water pressure in the pipeline can not be excluded, resulting in increased water pressure large, water chestnut pressure increases the operating current increases, thus increasing the power consumption; water pressure increases, water flow rate increases, increasing the salinity of the reverse osmosis membrane surface, reduce the rate of desalination, water salinity increases, trans permeable membrane life is reduced.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0010] 针对上述现有技术存在的缺陷或不足,本发明的目的在于,提供一种反渗透净饮机节能方法。 [0010] for the presence of defects or deficiencies of the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a power saving method of reverse osmosis net drink machine. 本发明研究的反渗透净饮机因水路配置而节能的革新方法能使得整机运行快速实现稳定节能,即提高净水系统回收率,降低电能消耗,延长反渗透膜寿命。 Study of the present invention is a reverse osmosis water net drink machine configuration by energy such innovative method can quickly achieve a stable machine run energy, i.e., improved water purification system recovery and to reduce power consumption, prolong the life of the reverse osmosis membrane.

[0011] 为达到上述目的,本发明的技术方案是这样实现的: [0011] To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is implemented as follows:

[0012] —种反渗透净饮机结构,包括自吸增压栗,预过滤系统和反渗透膜,其中,所述自吸增压栗的进口连接至外部水源,所述自吸增压栗的出口连接所述预过滤系统的进口,所述预过滤系统的出口连接所述反渗透膜的进口;所述反渗透膜出水口一端还包括净水出水口和浓水出水口,净水经过所述净水出水口接入用户使用。 [0012] - Species RO net drink machine structure, comprising a self-priming booster Li, pre-filtration and reverse osmosis membranes system, wherein said self-priming booster Li inlet connected to an external water supply, said self-priming booster Li an outlet connected to the inlet of the pre-filter system, the pre-filtration membrane inlet connected to an outlet of the reverse osmosis system; the outlet end of the reverse osmosis membrane comprising further purification of concentrated water outlet and a water outlet, after purification the user access to clean water outlet.

[0013] 上述反渗透净饮机结构,其中,所述浓水出水口一端还安装有废水比电磁阀,所述废水比电磁阀的出口连接所述浓水出水口。 [0013] The reverse osmosis net drink machine structure, wherein the concentrated water outlet end further than the electromagnetic valve is attached to the waste water, the waste water is connected to the concentrated water outlet than the outlet of the solenoid valve.

[0014] 还包括一种反渗透净饮机的节能方法,其中,所述方法如下, [0014] The method, also includes a reverse osmosis net drink machine, wherein the method is as follows,

[0015] 步骤1:根据需要的净水系统回收率定制或选择反渗透膜、废水比和增压栗等水路配件;在设计温度、压力等条件下,反渗透膜制备净水流速约Xml/min,废水比排浓水流速约Y ml/min,增压栗供水流速约Zml/min,满足X+Y〜Z (Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O); [0015] Step 1: The recovery requires a water purification system to customize or select a reverse osmosis membrane, and the boost ratio of waste water chestnut other accessories; at the design temperature, pressure, etc., the reverse osmosis membrane prepared fresh water flow rate of about Xml / min, concentrated waste water flow rates than the exhaust from about Y ml / min, a flow rate of pressurized water chestnut about Zml / min, satisfy X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O);

[0016] 步骤2:每运行一定时间Mmin冲洗Ns。 [0016] Step 2: Mmin per certain time of operation rinsed Ns.

[0017] 上述反渗透净饮机的节能方法,其中,通过步骤1:反渗透膜制备净水流速约Xml/min,废水比排浓水流速约Y ml/min,增压栗供水流速约Zml/min,满足X+Y ^ Z (Z ^ X+Y ^ Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),能够保证水路的运行压力等状态维持在设计压力等条件,大幅度降低了电能的消耗。 Saving method [0017] The reverse osmosis net drink machine, wherein, in step 1: Preparation of a reverse osmosis membrane purification rate of about Xml / min, than the waste water discharge of concentrated water flow rate of about Y ml / min, the flow rate of pressurized water chestnut about Zml / min, X + Y ^ Z (Z ^ X + Y ^ Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), to ensure the operating pressure and the like while maintaining the water pressure at the design conditions, a significant reduction in power consumption.

[0018] 上述反渗透净饮机的节能方法,其中,通过步骤1:反渗透膜制备净水流速约Xml/min,废水比排浓水流速约Y ml/min,增压栗供水流速约Zml/min,满足X+Y〜Z(Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),能够使得反渗透膜表面形成的浓水能够在增压栗进行下一次补给时及时排出,保证了反渗透膜表面进水的新鲜,大大延长了反渗透膜的寿命。 Saving method [0018] The reverse osmosis net drink machine, wherein, in step 1: Preparation of a reverse osmosis membrane purification rate of about Xml / min, than the waste water discharge of concentrated water flow rate of about Y ml / min, the flow rate of pressurized water chestnut about Zml / min, satisfy X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), so that the reverse osmosis membrane can be formed on the surface can be first concentrated water supply in a timely manner when the supercharging performed Li It is discharged, to ensure that the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane of the fresh water, greatly extending the life of reverse osmosis membrane.

[0019] 上述反渗透净饮机的节能方法,其中,通过步骤2:每运行一定时间Mmin冲洗Ns,意在对反渗透膜进行清洗,进一步延长了反渗透膜的寿命。 Saving method [0019] The reverse osmosis net drink machine, wherein, step 2: for each certain time of operation Mmin Ns of flushing, intended for cleaning the reverse osmosis membrane, to further extend the life of reverse osmosis membrane.

[0020] 本发明由于采用了上述技术,产生的积极效果是: [0020] The present invention adopts the above-described technique, the effect is positive:

[0021] (I)本发明在设计温度、压力等条件下,产水净水水质优,大大提高了净水系统回收率。 [0021] (I) of the present invention, at the design temperature, pressure, etc., producing excellent water quality purification, greatly improving the recovery purification system.

[0022] (2)本发明保证水路的运行压力等状态维持在设计压力等条件,大大降低了电能的消耗。 [0022] (2) according to the present invention ensures that the operating pressure of water or the like while maintaining the pressure at the design conditions, greatly reducing the power consumption.

[0023] (3)本发明反渗透膜表面形成的浓水能够在增压栗进行下一次补给时及时排出,保证了反渗透膜表面进水的新鲜,大大延长了反渗透膜的寿命。 [0023] (3) timely when the concentrated water discharge surface of the reverse osmosis membrane of the present invention can be formed at a supply for pressurized Li, to ensure that the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane of the fresh water, greatly extending the life of reverse osmosis membrane.

[0024] (4)本发明每运行一定时间Mmin冲洗Ns,意在对反渗透膜进行清洗,进一步延长了反渗透膜的寿命。 [0024] (4) per certain time of operation of the present invention Mmin Ns of flushing, intended for cleaning the reverse osmosis membrane, to further extend the life of reverse osmosis membrane.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0025] 构成本发明的一部分的附图用来提供对本发明的进一步理解,本发明的示意性实施例及其说明用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明的不当限定。 [0025] The drawings constitute a part of the present invention to provide a further understanding of the invention, exemplary embodiments of the present invention are used to explain the present invention without unduly limiting the present invention. 在附图中: In the drawings:

[0026]图1为本发明的反渗透净饮机结构及其节能方法的实施例一中水路配置的局部水路控制不意图; [0026] Example 1 is a partial reverse osmosis water net drink machine structure and method for power saving in the present invention, a configuration of the control is not intended waterway;

[0027] 图2为本发明的反渗透净饮机结构及其节能方法的实施例二中水路配置的局部水路控制不意图。 [0027] Example II reverse osmosis sea water partially disposed net drink machine structure and method for power saving control of the present invention. FIG. 2 is not intended.

[0028] 附图标记说明: [0028] REFERENCE NUMERALS:

[0029] 1-增压栗,2-预过滤系统,3-反渗透膜,4-废水比电磁阀,5-净水出水口,6_浓水出水口,7-减压阀。 [0029] 1- pressurized Li, 2- prefilter system, a reverse osmosis membrane 3-, 4- wastewater than the solenoid valve, 5-purifier outlet, 6_ concentrated water outlet, 7- valve.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0030] 下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明作进一步说明,但不作为本发明的限定。 [0030] The following Examples and specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, are not limitative of the present invention.

[0031] 实施例一 [0031] Example a

[0032] 请结合图1所示,本发明的一种反渗透净饮机结构,包括自吸增压栗1,预过滤系统2和反渗透膜3,其中,自吸增压栗I的进口连接至外部水源,自吸增压栗I的出口连接预过滤系统2的进口,预过滤系统2的出口连接反渗透膜3的进口;反渗透膜3出水口一端还包括净水出水口5和浓水出水口6,净水经过净水出水口5接入用户使用。 [0032] Please conjunction with FIG. 1 A reverse osmosis net drink machine structure according to the present invention, comprises a self-priming booster Li 1, 2 pre-filtration and reverse osmosis membranes system 3, wherein the self-priming booster inlet I of Li is connected to an external water source, a self-priming booster Li I prefilter system connected to the outlet of the inlet 2, outlet 2 is connected to prefilter system 3 of the reverse osmosis membrane inlet; the outlet end of the reverse osmosis membrane 3 further comprising a water purifier and a water outlet 5 concentrated water outlet 6, water purifier outlet 5 through the access user.

[0033] 上述反渗透净饮机结构,其中,浓水出水口6 —端还安装有废水比电磁4阀,废水比电磁阀4的出口连接浓水出水口6。 [0033] The reverse osmosis net drink machine structure, wherein the concentrated water outlet 6 - waste water is also mounted end than the electromagnetic valve 4, concentrated waste water outlet connected to the outlet 6 to the solenoid valve 4.

[0034] 还包括一种反渗透净饮机的节能方法,其中,方法如下, [0034] The method, also includes a reverse osmosis net drink machine, wherein the method is as follows,

[0035] 步骤1:根据需要的净水系统回收率定制或选择反渗透膜、废水比和增压栗等水路配件;在设计温度、压力等条件下,反渗透膜制备净水流速约Xml/min,废水比排浓水流速约Y ml/min,增压栗供水流速约Zml/min,满足X+Y〜Z (Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O); [0035] Step 1: The recovery requires a water purification system to customize or select a reverse osmosis membrane, and the boost ratio of waste water chestnut other accessories; at the design temperature, pressure, etc., the reverse osmosis membrane prepared fresh water flow rate of about Xml / min, concentrated waste water flow rates than the exhaust from about Y ml / min, a flow rate of pressurized water chestnut about Zml / min, satisfy X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O);

[0036] 步骤2:每运行一定时间Mmin冲洗Ns。 [0036] Step 2: Mmin per certain time of operation rinsed Ns.

[0037] 上述反渗透净饮机的节能方法,其中,通过步骤1:反渗透膜制备净水流速约Xml/min,废水比排浓水流速约Y ml/min,增压栗供水流速约Zml/min,满足X+Y ^ Z (Z ^ X+Y ^ Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),能够保证水路的运行压力等状态维持在设计压力等条件,大幅度降低了电能的消耗。 Saving method [0037] The reverse osmosis net drink machine, wherein, in step 1: Preparation of a reverse osmosis membrane purification rate of about Xml / min, than the waste water discharge of concentrated water flow rate of about Y ml / min, the flow rate of pressurized water chestnut about Zml / min, X + Y ^ Z (Z ^ X + Y ^ Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), to ensure the operating pressure and the like while maintaining the water pressure at the design conditions, a significant reduction in power consumption.

[0038] 上述反渗透净饮机的节能方法,其中,通过步骤1:反渗透膜制备净水流速约Xml/min,废水比排浓水流速约Y ml/min,增压栗供水流速约Zml/min,满足X+Y〜Z(Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),能够使得反渗透膜表面形成的浓水能够在增压栗进行下一次补给时及时排出,保证了反渗透膜表面进水的新鲜,大大延长了反渗透膜的寿命。 Saving method [0038] The reverse osmosis net drink machine, wherein, in step 1: Preparation of a reverse osmosis membrane purification rate of about Xml / min, than the waste water discharge of concentrated water flow rate of about Y ml / min, the flow rate of pressurized water chestnut about Zml / min, satisfy X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), so that the reverse osmosis membrane can be formed on the surface can be first concentrated water supply in a timely manner when the supercharging performed Li It is discharged, to ensure that the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane of the fresh water, greatly extending the life of reverse osmosis membrane.

[0039] 上述反渗透净饮机的节能方法,其中,通过步骤2:每运行一定时间Mmin冲洗Ns,意在对反渗透膜进行清洗,进一步延长了反渗透膜的寿命。 Saving method [0039] The reverse osmosis net drink machine, wherein, step 2: for each certain time of operation Mmin Ns of flushing, intended for cleaning the reverse osmosis membrane, to further extend the life of reverse osmosis membrane.

[0040] 使用者可根据以下说明进一步的认识本发明的特性及功能, [0040] The user may further understanding of the features and functions of the present invention from the following description,

[0041] (I)所需净水系统回收率〜50%,选用150G反渗透膜和300cc废水比,在设计温度、压力等条件下,150G反渗透膜制备纯水流速约X = 393ml/min,300CC废水比排浓水流速约Y = 300ml/min,因此,需定制的增压栗于设计条件下供水流速约Z = 700〜780ml/min,此外,每运行Mmin冲洗Ns。 [0041] (I) ~ 50% recovery of the desired water purification system, the choice of a reverse osmosis membrane and 150G wastewater than 300cc, at the design temperature and pressure conditions, the flow rate of pure water 150G reverse osmosis membranes prepared from about X = 393ml / min , 300CC wastewater than the concentration of water discharge flow rate of approximately Y = 300ml / min, thus, be customized pressurized water chestnut under design conditions a flow rate of approximately Z = 700~780ml / min, in addition, each flushing operation Mmin Ns. 如此,可快速实现高净水系统回收率,能耗低,反渗透膜寿命长等稳定节能,具体如下: Thus, water purification system can quickly achieve high recovery, low energy consumption, long life stable reverse osmosis membrane saving, as follows:

[0042] ①满足X+Y〜Z (Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),使得反渗透膜表面形成的浓水能够在增压栗进行下一次补给时及时排出,保证了反渗透膜表面进水的新鲜,保证了产水净化水的优质,提高了净水系统回收率的同时延长了反渗透膜的寿命; When [0042] ① satisfying X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), such that the concentration of water formed on the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane can be pressurized in a supply timely Li It is discharged, to ensure that the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane of the fresh water, the water production to ensure high-quality purified water, the water purification system to improve recovery while extending the life of reverse osmosis membrane;

[0043] ②满足X+Y〜Z (Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),保证了水路的运行压力等状态维持在设计压力等条件,大大降低了电能的消耗; [0043] ② satisfy X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), to ensure that the operating pressure is maintained in a state like water pressure design conditions, greatly reducing the power of consumption;

[0044] ③每运行Mmin冲洗Ns,意在对反渗透膜进行清洗,进一步延长了反渗透膜的寿命O [0044] ③ Ns of each rinsing run Mmin, intended for cleaning the reverse osmosis membrane, to further extend the life of the reverse osmosis membrane O

[0045] (2)所需净水系统回收率〜70%,选用200G反渗透膜,定制200〜250cc废水比,在设计温度、压力等条件下,200G反渗透膜制备纯水流速约X = 525ml/min,200〜250cc废水比排浓水流速约Y = 200〜250ml/min,因此,需定制的增压栗于设计条件下供水流速约Z = 725〜835ml/min,此外,每运行Mmin冲洗Ns。 [0045] (2) ~ 70% recovery of the desired water purification system, the reverse osmosis membrane chosen 200G, custom 200~250cc waste ratio, at the design temperature, pressure, etc., 200G reverse osmosis membrane pure water preparation rate of about X = 525ml / min, 200~250cc wastewater discharge than the concentration of water flow rate of about Y = 200~250ml / min, thus, be customized to a pressurized water chestnut flow at design conditions of about Z = 725~835ml / min, in addition, each run Mmin rinse Ns. 如此,可快速实现高净水系统回收率,能耗低,反渗透膜寿命长等稳定节能,具体如下: Thus, water purification system can quickly achieve high recovery, low energy consumption, long life stable reverse osmosis membrane saving, as follows:

[0046] ①满足X+Y〜Z (Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),使得反渗透膜表面形成的浓水能够在增压栗进行下一次补给时及时排出,保证了反渗透膜表面进水的新鲜,保证了产水净化水的优质,提高了净水系统回收率的同时延长了反渗透膜的寿命; When [0046] ① satisfying X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), such that the concentration of water formed on the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane can be pressurized in a supply timely Li It is discharged, to ensure that the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane of the fresh water, the water production to ensure high-quality purified water, the water purification system to improve recovery while extending the life of reverse osmosis membrane;

[0047] ②满足X+Y〜Z (Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),保证了水路的运行压力等状态维持在设计压力等条件,大大降低了电能的消耗; [0047] ② satisfy X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), to ensure that the operating pressure and the like while maintaining the water pressure at the design conditions, greatly reducing the power of consumption;

[0048] ③每运行Mmin冲洗Ns,意在对反渗透膜进行清洗,进一步延长了反渗透膜的寿命O [0048] ③ Ns of each rinsing run Mmin, intended for cleaning the reverse osmosis membrane, to further extend the life of the reverse osmosis membrane O

[0049] 实施例二 [0049] Second Embodiment

[0050] 请参见图2所示,在本实施例中,反渗透净饮机的具体结构包括:普通增压栗1,预过滤系统2,反渗透膜3,废水比电磁阀4,净水出水口5,浓水出水口6和减压阀7。 [0050] Referring to FIG 2, in the present embodiment, the specific structure of the reverse osmosis net drink machine comprising: a common pressurized Li, pre-filter system 2, 3 reverse osmosis membrane, the waste water than the electromagnetic valve 4, the water purifier outlet 5, 6 and the concentrated water outlet pressure reducing valve 7. 自来水接入预过滤系统2进口,预过滤系统2出口连接减压阀7进口,减压阀7出口连接自吸增压栗I进口,自吸增压栗I出口连接反渗透膜3进口,净水经净水出水口5接入用户使用,浓水端接入废水比电磁阀4进口,废水比电磁阀4出口连接浓水出水口6。 Water access system 2 imports prefilter, the prefilter system connected to the outlet 2 inlet pressure reducing valve 7, the pressure reducing valve connected to the outlet 7 from the suction inlet pressurization I Li, I Li self-priming booster outlet 3 connected to the reverse osmosis membrane inlet, the net 5 through water outlet purification user access, access terminal waste water concentration ratio of inlet solenoid valves 4, concentrated waste water outlet connected to the solenoid valve 6 to outlet 4.

[0051] (I)所需净水系统回收率〜50%,定制130G反渗透膜,选用300cc废水比,在设计温度、压力等条件下,130G反渗透膜制备纯水流速约X = 341ml/min, 300cc废水比排浓水流速约Y = 300ml/min,因此,需定制的增压栗于设计条件下供水流速约Z = 640〜720ml/min,此外,每运行Mmin冲洗Ns。 [0051] (I) ~ 50% recovery of the desired water purification system, the reverse osmosis membrane custom 130G, waste selection than 300cc, at the design temperature, pressure, etc., 130G reverse osmosis membrane pure water preparation rate of about X = 341ml / min, 300cc discharge of concentrated waste water flow than about Y = 300ml / min, thus, be customized to a pressurized water chestnut flow at design conditions of about Z = 640~720ml / min, in addition, each flushing operation Mmin Ns. 如此,可快速实现高净水系统回收率,能耗低,反渗透膜寿命长等稳定节能,具体如下: Thus, water purification system can quickly achieve high recovery, low energy consumption, long life stable reverse osmosis membrane saving, as follows:

[0052] ①满足X+Y〜Z (Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),使得反渗透膜表面形成的浓水能够在增压栗进行下一次补给时及时排出,保证了反渗透膜表面进水的新鲜,保证了产水净化水的优质,提高了净水系统回收率的同时延长了反渗透膜的寿命; When [0052] ① satisfying X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), such that the concentration of water formed on the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane can be pressurized in a supply timely Li It is discharged, to ensure that the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane of the fresh water, the water production to ensure high-quality purified water, the water purification system to improve recovery while extending the life of reverse osmosis membrane;

[0053] ②满足X+Y〜Z (Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),保证了水路的运行压力等状态维持在设计压力等条件,大大降低了电能的消耗; [0053] ② satisfy X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), to ensure that the operating pressure is maintained in a state like water pressure design conditions, greatly reducing the power of consumption;

[0054] ③每运行Mmin冲洗Ns,意在对反渗透膜进行清洗,进一步延长了反渗透膜的寿命O [0054] ③ Ns of each rinsing run Mmin, intended for cleaning the reverse osmosis membrane, to further extend the life of the reverse osmosis membrane O

[0055] (2)所需净水系统回收率〜70%,定制320G反渗透膜,定制400cc废水比,在设计温度、压力等条件下,320G反渗透膜制备纯水流速约X = 838ml/min,400cc废水比排浓水流速约Y = 400ml/min,因此,需定制的增压栗于设计条件下供水流速约Z = 1240〜1320ml/min,此外,每运行Mmin冲洗Ns。 [0055] (2) ~ 70% recovery of the desired water purification system, the reverse osmosis membrane custom 320G, custom wastewater than 400cc, at the design temperature, pressure, etc., 320G prepared reverse osmosis membrane pure water flow rate of approximately X = 838ml / min, 400cc discharge of concentrated waste water flow than about Y = 400ml / min, thus, be customized to a pressurized water chestnut flow at design conditions of about Z = 1240~1320ml / min, in addition, each flushing operation Mmin Ns. 如此,可快速实现高净水系统回收率,能耗低,反渗透膜寿命长等稳定节能,具体如下: Thus, water purification system can quickly achieve high recovery, low energy consumption, long life stable reverse osmosis membrane saving, as follows:

[0056] ①满足X+Y〜Z (Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),使得反渗透膜表面形成的浓水能够在增压栗进行下一次补给时及时排出,保证了反渗透膜表面进水的新鲜,保证了产水净化水的优质,提高了净水系统回收率的同时延长了反渗透膜的寿命; When [0056] ① satisfying X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), such that the concentration of water formed on the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane can be pressurized in a supply timely Li It is discharged, to ensure that the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane of the fresh water, the water production to ensure high-quality purified water, the water purification system to improve recovery while extending the life of reverse osmosis membrane;

[0057] ②满足X+Y〜Z (Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),保证了水路的运行压力等状态维持在设计压力等条件,大大降低了电能的消耗; [0057] ② satisfy X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), to ensure that the operating pressure is maintained in a state like water pressure design conditions, greatly reducing the power of consumption;

[0058] ③每运行Mmin冲洗Ns,意在对反渗透膜进行清洗,进一步延长了反渗透膜的寿命O [0058] ③ Ns of each rinsing run Mmin, intended for cleaning the reverse osmosis membrane, to further extend the life of the reverse osmosis membrane O

[0059] 以上仅为本发明较佳的实施例,并非因此限制本发明的实施方式及保护范围,对于本领域技术人员而言,应当能够意识到凡运用本发明说明书及图示内容所作出的等同替换和显而易见的变化所得到的方案,均应当包含在本发明的保护范围内。 [0059] The above is merely the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the scope of embodiments of the present invention, those skilled in the art, who should be able to use the description and illustration appreciated that the present invention is made equivalents and obvious variations of the obtained solutions are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种反渗透净饮机结构,包括自吸增压栗,预过滤系统和反渗透膜,其特征在于,所述自吸增压栗的进口连接至外部水源,所述自吸增压栗的出口连接所述预过滤系统的进口,所述预过滤系统的出口连接所述反渗透膜的进口;所述反渗透膜出水口一端还包括净水出水口和浓水出水口,净水经过所述净水出水口接入用户使用。 A reverse osmosis net drink machine structure, comprising a self-priming booster Li, pre-filter and a reverse osmosis membrane system, characterized in that said self-priming booster Li inlet connected to an external water supply, said self-priming booster Li inlet connected to an outlet of said pre-filtration system, the pre-filter system is connected to the outlet of the reverse osmosis membrane inlet; the outlet end of the reverse osmosis membrane comprising further purification of concentrated water outlet and a water outlet, water purification after the user access to clean water outlet.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的反渗透净饮机结构,其特征在于,所述浓水出水口一端还安装有废水比电磁阀,所述废水比电磁阀的出口连接所述浓水出水口。 The reverse osmosis net drink machine structure according to claim 1, wherein the concentrated water outlet end further than the electromagnetic valve is attached to the waste water, the waste water outlet connected to the concentrated water outlet of the solenoid valve than .
  3. 3.一种反渗透净饮机的节能方法,其特征在于,所述方法如下, 步骤1:根据需要的净水系统回收率定制或选择反渗透膜、废水比和增压栗等水路配件;在设计温度、压力等条件下,反渗透膜制备净水流速约Xml/min,废水比排浓水流速约Yml/min,增压栗供水流速约Zml/min,满足X+Y〜Z (Z彡X+Y彡Z-80,X、Y、Z > O); 步骤2:每运行一定时间Mmin冲洗Ns。 An energy-saving method of reverse osmosis net drink machine, wherein said method is as follows, Step 1: Select the custom or reverse osmosis membrane, and the boost ratio of Li and other waste water purification as needed accessories recovery system; at the design temperature, pressure, etc., the preparation of a reverse osmosis membrane purification rate of about Xml / min, concentration of waste water than the discharge flow rate of about Yml / min, Li pressurized water flow rate of about Zml / min, satisfy X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O); step 2: Mmin per certain time of operation rinsed Ns.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的反渗透净饮机的节能方法,其特征在于,通过步骤1:反渗透膜制备净水流速约Xml/min,废水比排浓水流速约Y ml/min,增压栗供水流速约Zml/min,满足X+Y ^ Z (Z ^ X+Y ^ Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),能够保证水路的运行压力等状态维持在设计压力等条件,大幅度降低了电能的消耗。 The power saving method of claim 3 reverse osmosis net drink machine according to claim, wherein, in step 1: preparation of reverse osmosis water purification membrane flow rate of about Xml / min, than the waste water discharge of concentrated water flow rate of about Y ml / min, Li pressurized water flow rate of about Zml / min, X + Y ^ Z (Z ^ X + Y ^ Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), to ensure the operating pressure and the like while maintaining the water pressure at the design condition is satisfied greatly reducing power consumption.
  5. 5.根据权利要求3所述的反渗透净饮机的节能方法,其特征在于,通过步骤1:反渗透膜制备净水流速约Xml/min,废水比排浓水流速约Y ml/min,增压栗供水流速约Zml/min,满足X+Y〜Z(Z彡X+Y彡Z-80, X、Y、Z > O),能够使得反渗透膜表面形成的浓水能够在增压栗进行下一次补给时及时排出,保证了反渗透膜表面进水的新鲜,大大延长了反渗透膜的寿命。 The power saving method of claim 3 reverse osmosis net drink machine according to claim, wherein, in step 1: preparation of reverse osmosis water purification membrane flow rate of about Xml / min, than the waste water discharge of concentrated water flow rate of about Y ml / min, Li pressurized water flow rate of about Zml / min, satisfy X + Y~Z (Z X + Y San San Z-80, X, Y, Z> O), so that the reverse osmosis membrane can be formed on the surface of the water can be concentrated in a booster promptly discharged when the replenishment Li once, to ensure that the surface of the reverse osmosis membrane of the fresh water, greatly extending the life of reverse osmosis membrane.
  6. 6.根据权利要求3所述的反渗透净饮机的节能方法,其特征在于,通过步骤2:每运行一定时间Mmin冲洗Ns,意在对反渗透膜进行清洗,进一步延长了反渗透膜的寿命。 6. The power saving method of claim 3 reverse osmosis net drink machine as claimed in claim, wherein step 2: for each certain time of operation Mmin Ns of flushing, intended for cleaning the reverse osmosis membrane, the reverse osmosis membrane is further extended life.
CN 201510407568 2015-07-10 2015-07-10 Reverse osmosis water purification and dispensing machine structure and energy saving method therefor CN105000698A (en)

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CN105174511A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-12-23 沁园集团股份有限公司 Multimode reverse osmosis purified water dispenser
CN106000111A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-10-12 王龙 Filter element washing protecting system in reverse osmosis water production system

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CN101798128A (en) * 2010-04-10 2010-08-11 龙口煤电有限公司 Underground movable reverse osmosis water treating equipment and treating process thereof for coal mine
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CN201962148U (en) * 2011-04-18 2011-09-07 张学武 Reverse osmosis water purifier without effluent discharge
CN103626311A (en) * 2012-08-24 2014-03-12 岳勇斌 Low-yield single-pump two-stage reverse osmosis system

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US20100270217A1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2010-10-28 Burrows Bruce D Drainless reverse osmosis water purification system
CN101798128A (en) * 2010-04-10 2010-08-11 龙口煤电有限公司 Underground movable reverse osmosis water treating equipment and treating process thereof for coal mine
CN201962148U (en) * 2011-04-18 2011-09-07 张学武 Reverse osmosis water purifier without effluent discharge
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CN105174511A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-12-23 沁园集团股份有限公司 Multimode reverse osmosis purified water dispenser
CN106000111A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-10-12 王龙 Filter element washing protecting system in reverse osmosis water production system

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