CN104975810B - Drive casing pipe running device in fully mechanical wild card top - Google Patents

Drive casing pipe running device in fully mechanical wild card top Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104975810B
CN104975810B CN201510410640.4A CN201510410640A CN104975810B CN 104975810 B CN104975810 B CN 104975810B CN 201510410640 A CN201510410640 A CN 201510410640A CN 104975810 B CN104975810 B CN 104975810B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slips
thread bush
connection
core
voussoir
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510410640.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104975810A (en
Inventor
潘志伟
彭广盛
姜海成
程友
韩靖
遇广富
孙华
刘洋
谭策
徐萌
许岩峰
Original Assignee
黑龙江北方双佳钻采机具有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201510410640.4A priority Critical patent/CN104975810B/en
Publication of CN104975810A publication Critical patent/CN104975810A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104975810B publication Critical patent/CN104975810B/en

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Abstract

Drive casing pipe running device and be related to petroleum machinery, heart axle in fully mechanical wild card top(14)Periphery be provided with for clamping sleeve pipe(17)The locking device of outer wall, locking device include slips inner core(9), slips outer tube and slips voussoir(11), heart axle(14)Upper end and top connection(1)Junction is provided with thread bush(3), slips inner core(9)Upper end is provided with lower thread bush(4), slips voussoir(11)Outside is provided with the voussoir body with guide ramp(18), slips outer tube inner wall is provided with the guide groove with guide ramp, slips outer tube upper end and top connection(1)Connection, slips voussoir(11)It is placed in slips inner core(9)Voussoir body in the window of barrel, on the outside of which(18)It is embedded in the guide groove of slips outer tube, and slips voussoir(11)With slips inner core(9)Between be provided with back-moving spring(10).It has rational in infrastructure, simple to operation, load big, safe and reliable and efficient advantage.

Description

Drive casing pipe running device in fully mechanical wild card top
Technical field
The present invention relates to petroleum machinery, and in particular to drive casing pipe running device in a kind of fully mechanical wild card top.
Background technology
Top drive casing pipe running device is a kind of based on top drive drilling system, for the fully mechanical dress of casing job Put.It can not rely on hydraulic system, have the advantages that quick and easy for installation, can greatly save equipment cost.Application number Chinese invention patent application for 201320856096.2 discloses a kind of mechanical type top drive casing pipe running device, using the side of interior card Formula and telescopic joint, the outside distending clamping sleeve pipe of the connected mode, are likely to result in larger deformation, and its size is limited by casing inner diameter System, the ability which bears pulling force are also restrained, there is a possibility that sleeve pipe is slipped from casing pipe running device.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is:A kind of fully mechanical wild card top rational in infrastructure, safe and reliable is provided Drive casing pipe running device.
The present invention technical solution be:It includes top connection and heart axle, and heart axle upper end is connected with top connection, and lower end sets The periphery for having sealing cup and leading cone, the heart axle is provided with the locking device for clamping sleeve outer wall, and the locking device includes Slips inner core, slips outer tube and slips voussoir, heart axle upper end are provided with thread bush with top connection junction, and slips inner core upper end sets There is the lower thread bush being engaged with upper thread bush, upper thread bush can drive slips inner core axially to transport when relatively rotating with lower thread bush Dynamic, slips inner core ring barrel is provided with some windows, and slip insert is provided with the inside of slips voussoir, and outside is provided with the wedge with guide ramp Block, slips outer tube inner wall are provided with the guide groove with guide ramp with voussoir mates, and slips outer sleeve is in slips Outside inner core, slips outer tube upper end is connected with top connection, and slips voussoir is placed in the window of slips inner core barrel, the voussoir on the outside of which Body is embedded in the guide groove of slips outer tube, and be provided between slips voussoir and slips inner core radial direction for slips voussoir is pushed away Back-moving spring laterally, when moving to axial between slips inner core and slips outer tube, slips voussoir is radially moved, from And clamping or release sleeve pipe.
The solution have the advantages that:It has rational in infrastructure, simple to operation, load big, safe and reliable and efficient Advantage.
Using fully mechanical wild card top drive casing pipe running device operation, it is possible to reduce the generation of complex situations, can automatically by On pull be decomposed on low torque spinner and high pulling torque detain, protection casing threads preserve from, eliminate traditional fluid pressure type Top is driven casing pipe running device and need to be equipped with the trouble that hydraulic power source brings, and drastically increases the efficiency and quality of casing job.
All advantages that drilling well is driven on top can be given full play to, the rotation of casing string can be realized during casing job simultaneously (Rotation setting of casing), handling, grouting, circulating mud and casing pressure test operation;Fully mechanical structure is not required to configure hydraulic power source and liquid Pressure pipeline, the rotary motion that need to only push up drive are capable of achieving operation, and simple structure is easy to operate, reduce equipment fault and avoid work The environmental pollution that industry scene oil leak is caused;Eliminate the probability that sleeve pipe is slipped from casing pipe running device;Setting of casing life can be improved Efficiency is produced, safety is improved, is enhanced the automaticity of casing job;Intelligent monitoring system is can also configure, intelligence is realized Casing job can be changed.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the cross section structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is Figure 1A-A cross section structure schematic diagrams;
Fig. 3 is Figure 1B-B-section structural representation;
Fig. 4 is Fig. 1 C-C cross section structure schematic diagrams;
Fig. 5 is edge cam expanded view of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1 to 5, it includes top connection 1 and heart axle 14, and 14 upper end of heart axle is connected with top connection 1, and lower end is provided with close Strip of paper used for sealing bowl 15 and leading cone 16, the periphery of the heart axle 14 are provided with the locking device for 17 outer wall of clamping sleeve pipe, the locking device Including slips inner core 9, slips outer tube and slips voussoir 11,14 upper end of heart axle is provided with thread bush 3 with 1 junction of top connection, blocks Watt 9 upper end of inner core is provided with the lower thread bush 4 being engaged with upper thread bush 3, and upper thread bush 3 can when relatively rotating with lower thread bush 4 9 axially-movable of slips inner core, 9 ring barrel of slips inner core is driven to be provided with some windows, on the inside of slips voussoir 11, be provided with slip insert 12, Outside is provided with the voussoir body 18 with guide ramp, slips outer tube inner wall be provided be engaged with voussoir body 18 with guide ramp Guide groove, outside slips inner core 9, slips outer tube upper end is connected slips outer sleeve with top connection 1, and slips voussoir 11 is placed in card In the window of watt 9 barrel of inner core, the voussoir body 18 on the outside of which is embedded in the guide groove of slips outer tube, and slips voussoir 11 and card The back-moving spring 10 for slips voussoir 11 to be pushed to outside of radial direction is provided between watt inner core 9, when outside slips inner core 9 and slips When moving to axial between cylinder, slips voussoir 11 is radially moved, so as to clamping or release sleeve pipe 17.
The upper surface of the lower thread bush 4 and the lower surface of 3 outer wall top of upper thread bush or top connection 1 are provided with what is be engaged Edge cam, for playing locking effect when lower thread bush 4 goes upward to top position.
The slips outer tube is rotatably mounted in top connection 1, and is provided between slips outer tube and the slips inner core 9 and is made The two can only do the keyway connection of axial displacement.
The slips inner core 9 and lower thread bush 4 are connected by lower thread bush pressure cap 8, and the outer wall of lower 4 hypomere of thread bush is provided with Shoulder, lower thread bush pressure cap 8 are enclosed within the shoulder, are provided with disc spring at the circular bead surface that lower thread bush 4 is connected with lower thread bush pressure cap 8 7。
The keyway connection for making the two do axial displacement is provided between the lower thread bush 4 and lower thread bush pressure cap 8.
The slips outer tube is made up of upper shell 2, middle cylinder body 6 and lower shell 13, and upper shell 2 is fixed in top connection 1, in Cylinder 6 is rotatably connected on upper shell 2 by baffle ring 5 and annular groove, and lower shell 13 is fixed on middle cylinder body 6.
The keyway connection for making the two do axial displacement is provided between 6 inwall of the middle cylinder body and slips inner core 9.
Structure & working mechanism:Top connection 1 is connected with upper shell 2 and upper thread bush 3 by screw thread, and upper thread bush 3 leads to Cross the cam of multiple thread and its end face(Ratchet structure)It is connected with lower thread bush 4, cam profile curve is coordinated with multiple thread, Realize when upper thread bush 3 is rotated forward away from lower thread bush 4, during reversion, be close to lower thread bush 4, and when being inverted to up to starting point by convex The thread bush 3 on Planar realization that stops of wheel stops relative to the rigidity of lower thread bush 4, it is achieved thereby that the rotary motion driven by top It is converted into the axially-movable of lower thread bush 4 and its institute's connection member;Lower thread bush 4 is by lower thread bush pressure cap 8 and disc spring 7 and card Watt inner core 9 is connected and realizes the transmission of moment of torsion, by the deformation of butterfly spring 7, can play a part of auto lock;Upper shell 2 passes through Baffle ring 5 is connected with middle cylinder body 6, and middle cylinder body 6 is connected with lower shell 13 by screw thread;Slips voussoir 11 constitutes slips with slip insert 12 (Can be entirety or Split type structure)It is assemblied in the window on slips inner core 9, the inclined-plane on slips voussoir 11 and lower shell 13 On inclined surface coordinate realize when slips inner core 9 is moved down relative to lower shell 13, clamping sleeve pipe 17 is inwardly received in slips footpath, from And the transmission of moment of torsion and upper lifting force is realized, and as using wild card mode clamping sleeve pipe 17, clamping face diameter is less than box cupling 19 External diameter, it is thus eliminated that the probability that sleeve pipe 17 is slipped from casing pipe running device;During operation, connected using thread protector 20 at box cupling 19 Protection, and provide to middle guiding to leading cone 16 and sealing cup 15 during heart axle plug-in-sleeve.And thread protector 20 can be passed through It is connected using inlay card between lower thread bush 4 and realizes that moment of torsion is transmitted;There is hydrophthalmia in the middle of heart axle 14, upper end is by screw thread and top connection 1 It is connected, lower end is connected with sealing cup 15 and leading cone 16 by screw thread and realizes that 17 internal diameter of sleeve pipe and the packing of outside are sealed so as to reality Now grouting, circulation and casing pressure test function.
The present invention is a kind of based on top drive drilling system, for the fully mechanical device of casing job.The device Upper end drives main shaft with top or floating junction is connected, and can pass through to push up the upper button of sleeve pipe when driving transmission precise control casing job Moment of torsion;Only slips need to be driven to reset/open by pushing up the positive/negative rotary motion for driving main shaft using special structure design lower end, And then release/clamping sleeve pipe, to transmit rotation and lift load, complete button and handling sleeve pipe and rotation setting of casing action.Should Device adopts self-sealing cup packing sleeve pipe, can irrigate mud at any time, also can be hampered in sleeve pipe while casing job When timely circulating mud, so that the generation of complex accident is reduced or avoided, be provided simultaneously with casing pressure test function.

Claims (7)

1. casing pipe running device, including top connection are driven in fully mechanical wild card top(1)With heart axle(14), heart axle(14)Upper end and top connection (1)Connection, lower end is provided with sealing cup(15)And leading cone(16), it is characterised in that the heart axle(14)Periphery be provided with for Clamping sleeve pipe(17)The locking device of outer wall, the locking device include slips inner core(9), slips outer tube and slips voussoir(11), Heart axle(14)Upper end and top connection(1)Junction is provided with thread bush(3), slips inner core(9)Upper end is provided with and upper thread bush(3) The lower thread bush being engaged(4), upper thread bush(3)With lower thread bush(4)Slips inner core can be driven during relative rotation(9)Axially transport It is dynamic, slips inner core(9)Ring barrel is provided with some windows, slips voussoir(11)Inner side is provided with slip insert(12), outside is provided with and carries The voussoir body of guide ramp(18), slips outer tube inner wall is provided with and voussoir body(18)The guiding with guide ramp being engaged is recessed Groove, slips outer sleeve is in slips inner core(9)Outward, slips outer tube upper end and top connection(1)Connection, slips voussoir(11)It is placed in slips Inner core(9)Voussoir body in the window of barrel, on the outside of which(18)It is embedded in the guide groove of slips outer tube, and slips voussoir(11) With slips inner core(9)Between be provided with radial direction for by slips voussoir(11)Push the back-moving spring in outside to(10), when in slips Cylinder(9)When moving to axial and slips outer tube between, slips voussoir(11)Radially move, so as to clamping or release sleeve pipe (17), and can pull automatically to be decomposed on low torque spinner and high pulling torque during upper button by and detain.
2. casing pipe running device is driven on fully mechanical wild card top as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the lower thread bush(4) Upper surface and upper thread bush(3)Outer wall top or top connection(1)Lower surface be provided with the edge cam being engaged, under Thread bush plays locking effect when going upward to top position.
3. casing pipe running device is driven on fully mechanical wild card top as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the slips outer tube can turn Top connection is fixed on dynamicly(1)On, and slips outer tube and the slips inner core(9)Between be provided with and make the two do axial displacement Keyway connects.
4. casing pipe running device is driven on fully mechanical wild card top as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the slips inner core (9)With lower thread bush(4)By lower thread bush pressure cap(8)Connection, lower thread bush(4)The outer wall of hypomere is provided with shoulder, lower screw thread Set pressure cap(8)It is enclosed within the shoulder, lower thread bush(4)With lower thread bush pressure cap(8)Disc spring is provided with the circular bead surface of connection(7).
5. casing pipe running device is driven on fully mechanical wild card top as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the lower thread bush(4) With lower thread bush pressure cap(8)Between be provided with make the two do axial displacement keyway connection.
6. casing pipe running device is driven on fully mechanical wild card top as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the slips outer tube is by upper Cylinder(2), middle cylinder body(6)And lower shell(13)Constitute, upper shell(2)It is fixed on top connection(1)On, middle cylinder body(6)By gear Ring(5)And annular groove is rotatably connected to upper shell(2)On, lower shell(13)It is fixed on middle cylinder body(6)On.
7. casing pipe running device is driven on fully mechanical wild card top as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the middle cylinder body(6)It is interior Wall and slips inner core(9)Between be provided with make the two do axial displacement keyway connection.
CN201510410640.4A 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Drive casing pipe running device in fully mechanical wild card top CN104975810B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510410640.4A CN104975810B (en) 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Drive casing pipe running device in fully mechanical wild card top

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510410640.4A CN104975810B (en) 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Drive casing pipe running device in fully mechanical wild card top

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CN104975810B true CN104975810B (en) 2017-03-29

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110939391A (en) * 2019-12-22 2020-03-31 黑龙江北方双佳钻采机具有限责任公司 Mechanical type outer card top drive casing running device

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN107093978B (en) * 2016-09-29 2018-12-18 绍兴协众进出口有限公司 A kind of Quick Connect Kit with limit for light-weight solar photovoltaic panel
CN106230358B (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-12-01 合肥磊科机电科技有限公司 A kind of Quick Connect Kit for light-weight solar photovoltaic panel
CN106761411B (en) * 2017-02-22 2018-10-16 西南石油大学 A kind of motor-driven top drive casing appliances
CN106761412B (en) * 2017-02-22 2018-11-02 西南石油大学 A kind of inner support external clamping top drive casing appliances of annular hydraulic cylinder driving
CN107044260B (en) * 2017-02-22 2018-12-04 西南石油大学 Drive casing appliances in a kind of screw drive fully mechanical top

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
MX2007013761A (en) * 2005-05-03 2008-01-28 Noetic Eng Inc Gripping tool.
CN103527090A (en) * 2013-10-16 2014-01-22 陕西高新能源发展有限公司 Pipe sleeve drive device
CN103527089A (en) * 2013-10-16 2014-01-22 陕西高新能源发展有限公司 Pipe sleeve drive device
CN203729878U (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-07-23 彭广盛 Mechanical top-drive casing running device
CN204113118U (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-01-21 中国石油天然气集团公司 The casing pipe running device of operation is driven based on top
CN204402358U (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-06-17 中石化胜利石油工程有限公司钻井工艺研究院 Device is entered under a kind of sleeve rotating circulation

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110939391A (en) * 2019-12-22 2020-03-31 黑龙江北方双佳钻采机具有限责任公司 Mechanical type outer card top drive casing running device

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